Reading and writing reports
Why do we read and write reports?
Reports describe the way things are.
Their purpose is to document, organise and store
We read them to find out information.
We write them to give information to others or keep
it for future use.
How are reports organised?
They are mainly made up of paragraph text.
They have an introduction which explains what
they are about.
They contain facts: most of the content of the
report gives information
They end with a summary of the key points.
How do we read reports?
They are not chronological
they do not need to be read from beginning to end.
Use the contents and index.
They can be read by skimming.
They can be read by scanning.
Reading for detail takes place after you have
used the other reading skills and have found
the information you are interested in.
How do we write reports?
Choose your topic
Collect your information
Use a range of resources:
Organise your information
Most reports have a series of paragraphs on
different aspects of the subject.
Put related facts together.
Make sure the first sentence in each paragraph
gives the key idea
Other sentences add detail
Tables, pictures, diagrams and bulleted lists add
more information in a variety of ways.
Make your meaning plain.
Use headings and sub-headings to outline the
key idea of each paragraph
Write clearly – don’t confuse the reader
Keep to the facts: a report should be factual
if you are including opinion make it plain to the
reader that everyone may not agree with you.
Your Writing Style
Reports are fairly formal
They are written in the third person and the
Be precise – check your facts
Use technical vocabulary
Make it suitable for your intended audience
Take an angle –
why are your readers interested in the subject?
What information will they be most interested in?
Keep your reader interested
Use descriptive language
you are giving detail. Make sure it’s not just a list of facts.
Show contrast between your paragraphs
bring out the similarities and differences of your subject.
Add comments or questions
relate the subject to the reader.
Check Your Writing
Check that your headings and sub-headings are
Is it interesting?
Does it go on too long about small details.
Re-read your report as if you know nothing
about your subject.
Does it successfully put the information