Document Sample
					Geography 12 Case Study

Scale Point: 5

Even though all topics were addressed, only two of the three parts of the question had adequate
analysis and development. Also the limited use of geographic terminology prevents this essay from
becoming a “6” response.

        Bangladesh is a coastal country consisting of low-lying land and a large number of
rivers. The rivers draining into Bangladesh have 2.5 times the volume of the Mississippi
River, while the drainage basin is 11 times the area of the country. A high precipitation
average easily fills these rivers, causing them to over flow their low-lying banks and flood
surrounding land. Bangladesh also happens to lay directly in the typical cyclone path. These
cyclones bring heavy rains and storms, causing the already clogged land of the drainage
basin to immediately flood.

        The human population in Bangladesh is extremely poverty stricken. 45% of the
country’s population lives below the poverty line. People will do anything for a few bucks so
that they are able to feed their families. This unfortunately includes putting jobs and money
before the environmental health of their country. Deforestation has lately become an issue
by increasing the potential of flooding. Waterlogged areas are tremendously relieved by the
presence of trees and their roots. Trees are able to soak in a great amount of water,
relieving the soil of the weighty task of trying to soak it all in. By removing these trees, you
the soil is unable to soak in the excess water causing flooding. Also, trees help to hold down
and protect the soil from wind erosion. Without the trees, soil is easily blown away,
increasing flood potential. Desperate for food, agriculture has become of the utmost
importance. Land is so overused and overworked that it becomes incapable of properly
soaking in and holding excess water.

        Solutions to the problem of flooding in Bangladesh are so difficult to implement
because of the country’s poverty and over population. People simply cannot afford to worry
about the fact that their fuelwood collection is increasing the potential of flooding. They need
the wood to survive and the money to buy food. Agriculture accounts for 65% of the
country’s employment, even though it is destroying the land and again increasing flood
potential. 30 – 40% of the population is under nourished, they are so desperate for food that
they cannot even think about preventing floods. In addition, they do not have the funds to
implement canals, dikes, reservoirs and such which could help to prevent the floods. With
the population so desperately in need of food, water, and healthcare, flood prevention is low
on the last. This also applies to the protection against cyclones. Bangladesh has zero funds
to put towards any preventative efforts and damage control. Without outside help,
Bangladesh will forever be caught in this vicious cycle.

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