Arkansas Grade Inflation Report by pme11655

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									Arkansas
Grade Inflation Report

         Office of Public School Academic Accountability
                Arkansas Department of Education
            Dr. Charity Smith Assistant Commissioner


                          December 2009

   Data Sources: APSCN, Local School Districts, NORMES and Triand
                    Data Contractor: NORMES
                                                                    1
The Executive Summary
   Arkansas Annotated Code § 6-15-421 directs the
    Office of Public School Academic Accountability to
    report to the State Board and the General Assembly
    by high school the number of students in which more
    than twenty percent (20%) of the students received a
    letter grade of “B” or above but did not pass the End-
    of-Course assessment on the first attempt.

   For the 2008-09 school year a total of 58 high schools
    were identified.




                                                             2
    Grade Inflation Defined
   Grade inflation has been redefined by state law to reflect
    the use of End-of-Course test (EOC) grades in place of
    the ACT scores.

   Please reference Arkansas Annotated Code § 6-15-421
    for details. Student grades were supplied by schools to
    the ADE APSCN Data System for Algebra and Geometry
    EOC courses. The number of students with a B grade or
    higher are included in grade inflation for each school.




                                                                 3
Student Grade Calculations
   A single course grade was extracted from the grade
    data set provided by schools to the ADE for each
    student in the data set for algebra and geometry
    courses only. An average grade was calculated for
    students with multiple semester or quarter grades for
    the same course.

   Student course grades were converted to a 4 point
    scale. Therefore, a letter grade of B is a 3.0.

   0=F
   1= D
   2=C
   3=B
   4=A
                                                            4
The Grade Inflation Rate: End-
of-Course Assessments
   The Grade Inflation Rate is based on grades for
    algebra and geometry courses matched to students'
    performance level on the algebra and geometry End-
    of-Course assessments (EOCs). Students are
    categorized as having a B grade or higher, and as
    scoring proficient or not proficient.


   Grades for students with multiple grades for the
    course were calculated as the average of all grades
    provided for the student in each course.




                                                          5
Sources of Data-Grades
   Several schools did not have grades in the APSCN
    data set. A Triand data set was provided by ADE to
    obtain grade data for the following schools that were
    missing grade data in APSCN. These schools are listed
    below:

   Van Buren (1704031, 1705026, 1705027)
   Bearden High School, (5201002),
   Marked Tree High School (5604017),
   Covenant Keepers Charter School (6044702) ,
   Hughes High School (6202024),
   Beebe High School (7302010), and
   Prairie Grove High School (7206036).

   A student data file with course grades for these
    schools was obtained from Triand and provided to
    NORMES by the ADE.                                      6
Process for Calculations
   The student grade file was merged with the student
    test file from post appeals, Adequate Yearly Progress
    (AYP) data. Students were matched by LEA and 10
    digit unique ID.



   The final data set for calculating grade inflation
    included all students with an average grade of B or
    higher.




                                                            7
    Calculating Grade Inflation

   Grade inflation was calculated by dividing the number of
    students with a B grade or higher that were not proficient on the
    EOC by the number of students with a B grade or higher. This
    proportion is multiplied by 100 to produce the percentage grade
    inflation rate. \\

   The rate represents the percent of students with a B
    grade or higher that did not receive a proficient or
    higher score on the EOC.

   Students with Course Grade ≥ 3.0 and Not Proficient
    * 100 = Grade Inflation Rate Students with Course
    Grade ≥3.0.


                                                                        8
Final Data Calculation
   Student grade data were merged with student End-of-Course
    exam data for algebra and geometry. Students were
    categorized as having a B grade or higher, and as scoring
    proficient or not proficient.

   The final data set for calculating grade inflation included all
    students with an average grade of B or higher.




                                                                      9
Recommendations
   The Department will make research-based
    recommendations to the superintendent and local
    school board of directors that will improve classroom
    instruction and student performance on End-of-Course
    Assessments.




                                                        10
Notes: Special Thanks
Sources of Data-End-of-Course Proficiency Levels

   Grades data is made available for school and district
    personnel to check the grade inflation rates on the
    ED.STATS portal and in EGuide.


Sources of Data-Grades

   Student data for calculating grade inflation were
    provided by ADE in an APSCN file containing course
    grades for courses with and End-of-Course test.

   Special Thanks to Denise Arola and the NORMES staff.
                                                            11
The Report File
   The attached report file identifies each high school in
    Arkansas where grade inflation occurs including
    schools with inflation rates of 20% or higher.




                                                              12

								
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