These are potential essay questions for exam 1. 1. Compare and contrast prokaryotic organisms vs. eukaryotic organisms. 2. Compare and contrast the cell walls of Gram negative vs. Gram positive organisms 3. Discuss the formation of endospores. Why would an organism sporulate and what properties does this confer on such an organism? 4. Describe the Sec-dependent pathway of prokaryotic organisms. 5. Briefly describe the Scientific method. How can it lead to a theory?