traffic tips driving safety

Document Sample
traffic tips driving safety Powered By Docstoc
					            Calgary
        Traffic Tips




calgary.ca/roads | call 3-1-1
Take it off the road.
Please move your vehicle out of the way,
right away, if you’ve had a non-injury collision.
Growing cities mean
increased traffic volumes.
As Calgary grows, so does the number of vehicles using the roadway.
It’s no surprise that increased traffic volumes often lead to a rise in
minor non-injury collisions.
When vehicles involved in a non-injury collision remain on the roadway
they create unsafe conditions, interrupt traffic flow, and cause delays.
If you’re involved in a non-injury collision, the solution is simple.

Be safe. Let the traffic flow.
Moving your vehicle off the roadway after a minor non-injury collision
improves everyone’s safety and can help reduce traffic congestion.

Simple steps keep everyone safe.
The Calgary Police Service and The City of Calgary ask you to follow
these three simple steps when involved in a minor non-injury collision.
   1. Assess the situation and check for injuries.
      If no one is injured, move your vehicle off the
      road to the nearest safe location.
   2. Exchange driver, vehicle, and insurance
      information with those involved in the collision.
   3. Report the collision in person to your local district
      police office and your insurance provider.


Calgary Traffic Tips       2
Table of Contents

Alleys .............................................................. 4

Curb extensions .............................................. 5

Reverse lane signs ............................................. 5

Merging and yielding ....................................... 6

Parking ........................................................... 7

Pavement markings ....................................... 12

Pedestrians .................................................... 13

Pedestrian corridors ...................................... 16

Cycling ......................................................... 18

Playground zones ......................................... 20

Rights-of-ways .............................................. 21

Roundabouts and traffic circles ...................... 21

School zones ................................................. 23

Speed humps ................................................ 24

Speed limits ................................................. 24

Stopping at stop signs ................................... 25

Stopping at traffic signals ............................. 25

Traffic calming measures ............................. 26

Traffic signals ............................................... 26

Road Construction ...................................... 28

Emergency Vehicles ..................................... 29

Winter driving conditions ............................ 30

                                                                          3   Calgary Traffic Tips
                                 Alleys
                                 Parking and stopping in alleys
                                 The speed limit in all alleys is 15 km/h. This
                                 reduced speed limit is intended to create a safer
                                 environment for motorists who are entering
                                 or leaving garages and driveways with limited
                                 visibility. It also increases safety for pedestrians
     speed limit alleys
                                 in an alley.
                                 Speeding in an alley carries the same fine as
                                 speeding on a roadway. For example, if you
                                 travel at 50 km/h in an alley (35 km/h over the
                                 limit), your fine would be $219 and four
                                 demerit points.
                                 You may not park within 1.5 metres of, or
                                 directly across from a driveway or garage
                                 entrance in an alley. Parking is also not allowed
                                 in front of or within 1 metre of the side of a
                                 garbage container, or in alleys that are less than
                                 6.1 metres wide.
                                 You may not block or impede other vehicles
                                 from using the alley. You must leave a minimum
                                 of 3 metres unobstructed width for the passage
                                 of other vehicles. The penalty for violating these
                                 parking restrictions is $40–$50 and your vehicle
                                 may be towed.

                                 Entering and exiting alleys
                                 The Traffic Safety Act requires that all motorists
                                 entering a roadway from a driveway or alley must
             street
                                 stop before the sidewalk and yield the right-of-
                                 way to pedestrians. A stop sign is not required.
sidewalk                         Similarly, all vehicles entering a driveway or alley
                      stop
                                 must yield the right-of-way to any pedestrians
                      here       using the sidewalk. The penalty for failing to
                                 stop before the sidewalk when exiting a driveway
                                 or alley, or failing to yield to a pedestrian before
      driveway or alley          entering a driveway or alley is $115 and
                                 three demerits.


Calgary Traffic Tips          4
Curb extensions
A curb extension is a curb that has been
extended out into the roadway to narrow the
road on which motorists travel. The curb may be
extended onto the road on either side to create a
narrow passageway.
Curb extensions are used to reduce vehicle speeds
and crossing distances for pedestrians, increase
pedestrian visibility to motorists, and keep
parked vehicles away from intersections.


Reserved Lane signs
During weekday rush hours, transit buses and
vehicles with two or more people can travel in a
specially designated traffic lane called a
reserved lane.
Reserved lanes are for:
• Buses.
                                                           reserved lane
• Taxis.
• Other vehicles with two or more occupants,
  including motorcycles.
• Cyclists.
Single occupant vehicles are prohibited from
using reserved lanes during weekday rush hours.
The fine for misusing the reserved lane is $60.

Why a reserved lane?
Reserved lanes strive to make better use of
existing infrastructure, encourage higher vehicle
occupancy, and make travel by transit more
attractive by improving efficiencies. These steps        reserved lane ahead
to encourage alternative transportation improve
overall roadway efficiency and reduce the
environmental impact of Calgary’s
transportation system.
Reserved lanes offer a travel-time advantage


                                                    5     Calgary Traffic Tips
                          to people travelling during peak hours into or
                          out of the downtown on public transit or with
                          passengers in their vehicles.

                          Signs and symbols in a reserved lane
                          Reserved Lane signs have a priority diamond
      merge ahead         symbol that indicates only vehicles meeting the
                          stipulations of the reserved lanes are permitted
                          to use them.
                          The reserved lanes operate from Monday through
                          Friday during the morning and afternoon peak
                          travel periods. Specific times are indicated on the
                          signs. On a route where lane reversals are also in
      merge ahead         operation, the reserved lane initiative is in effect at
                          the same time as the lane reversal.

                          Right turns with a reserved lane
                          Single Occupant Vehicles (SOVs) may use the
                          reserved lane to make a right turn provided they
                          do not travel more than one block in the reserved
       added lane         lane before or after their turn.

                          On-street parking
                          On-street parking is prohibited when reserved
                          lanes are in effect.

          yield
                          Merging and yielding
                          Drivers approaching a Merge sign should
                          not stop but they should take all necessary
                          precautions to merge safely with the traffic
                          on the intersecting roadway. Other drivers
                          must take all reasonable precautions to allow a
                          merging vehicle to enter safely onto the roadway.
                          Remember, both drivers have equal rights-of-way
                          and responsibility in a merging situation.
                          Drivers approaching a roadway with an added
                          lane sign are provided with a free-flow or
                          through lane and do not need to merge or yield
                          to other traffic on the intersecting roadway.

Calgary Traffic Tips   6
When approaching a Yield sign you must slow
down and stop, if necessary, to yield the right-of-
way to crossing traffic or pedestrians.


Parking
There are some roadways, such as expressways,
that you may not park on at all.
These roadways are listed in the Traffic Bylaw
26M97.
Not all parking restrictions are signed.                   no stopping

Many common parking restrictions are not
signed but are still enforced. Some of the key
restrictions are listed below.
You may not park:
• Within 5 metres of a fire hydrant.
• Within 5 metres of a corner.
                                                            no parking
• Within 5 metres on the approach side of a
  stop or yield sign.
• Within 5 metres of a marked crosswalk.
• On a sidewalk or boulevard.
• On a crosswalk.
• Within 1.5 metres of a driveway or alley.
• In an alley in the downtown area without                  no parking
  commercial licence plates.
The penalty for violating these parking
restrictions is $57 and your vehicle may
be towed.

Parking on a city street
When parked, your vehicle must be facing the
same direction as the flow of traffic on your
side of the road. It must not be more than 0.5
metre from the curb. If you are parked facing the
wrong direction, or your vehicle is too far from
the curb, you could receive a $57 fine and your
vehicle may be towed.


                                                      7   Calgary Traffic Tips
                                  Standard parking signs
                                  A No Stopping sign indicates that you may not
                                  stop your vehicle, even momentarily, to pick up
                                  or drop off a passenger.
                                  A No Parking sign indicates that you may only
                                  stop your vehicle while actively loading and
                                  unloading passengers. You may not leave your
                                  vehicle stopped for any other reason.
                                  Please note that activating your emergency
                                  flashers does not exempt your vehicle from
                                  the above restrictions. The penalty for illegal
                                  parking or stopping is $57 and your vehicle
                                  may be towed.

                                  Parking for persons with disabilities
                                  Some parking spaces and meters have been
                                  designated for the exclusive use of persons with
    parking for persons
      with disabilities
                                  disabilities. These areas are identified with signs
                                  that have the white international symbol of
                                  access on a blue background.
                                  The only vehicles allowed to use these parking
                                  spaces are those displaying the parking placard
                                  for persons with disabilities, a licence plate
                                  designated for persons with disabilities issued by
                                  the Solicitor General of Alberta or, in the case of
                                  a visitor to Alberta, the parking placard issued by
                                  their home jurisdiction. There is a $150 penalty
     parking space for            for stopping or parking in a space designated
  persons with disabilities
                                  for use by a person with disabilities without
                                  displaying appropriate identification, and your
                                  vehicle may be towed.

                                  Fire lanes and emergency exits
                                  Marked fire lanes are reserved for exclusive use by
                                  emergency services vehicles. You may not park or
                                  stop any vehicle in a marked fire lane. A property
                                  owner cannot waive this regulation and grant
         no parking
                                  permission to park in a fire lane.
        in a fi re lane



Calgary Traffic Tips           8
You may not stop or park a vehicle in a manner
that would block the use of a doorway marked as
an emergency or fire exit.
The penalty for stopping or parking in a marked
fire lane, or in front of an emergency or fire exit
is $57–$100 and your vehicle may be towed.

Bus and taxi zones
Portions of the street have been designated
and signed for the specific use of transit buses
or taxis.
Bus zones are clearly marked with a Bus Stop
sign and include the area from the Bus Stop sign          bus zone
to the end of the Bus Zone sign. If there is no
sign designating the end of the bus zone then the
zone is in effect from the Bus Stop sign back to
the nearest intersection.
No vehicle other than a Calgary Transit vehicle
may stop or park in a bus zone. You may not
stop, even momentarily, to drop off or pick up
a passenger in a bus zone.
Similarly, taxi zones are also clearly marked. No
vehicle other than an on-duty taxi may stop
or park in a taxi zone. You may not stop, even
                                                          taxi zone
momentarily, to drop off or pick up a passenger
in a taxi zone.
The penalty for stopping or parking in bus or
taxi zones is $40–$50 and your vehicle
may be towed.

Meters and marked parking spaces
Where parking spaces have been marked, you
must park within the marked parking space only.
If your vehicle exceeds the limits of a single
metered parking space you may occupy two
spaces providing that you deposit coins in both
parking meters. When in a parking lot, purchase
tickets for two spaces.


                                                    9   Calgary Traffic Tips
                               The penalty for parking outside of marked
                               parking space boundaries is $40–$50 and your
                               vehicle may be towed.

                               Parking zones and private property
          parking
                               Parking zones are typically established in
       with time limit         Calgary’s residential areas when residents’ ability
                               to park their vehicles is impacted by other
                               members of the public parking in the area.
                               Parking zones may be designated with one, or a
                               combination of the following restrictions:
                               • No parking.
                               • No parking except by permit.
                               • Maximum 30-minute parking.
                               • Maximum one-hour parking.
                               • Maximum two-hour parking.
                               Residents are issued permits to exempt their
                               vehicles from the above restrictions. Visitor
    residential parking
                               permits may also be issued to the residents.
       permit zone             Residential parking permits may be obtained
                               from the Calgary Parking Authority.
                               The penalty for parking without a permit in
                               a residential zone or overtime parking in a
                               residential zone is $40–$50 and your vehicle
                               may be towed.

                               Commercial loading zones, public loading
                               zones, and passenger loading zones
                               You may not stop or park in a commercial
                               loading zone unless your vehicle displays a
                               commercial licence plate. You may park a
                               commercial vehicle for up to 20 minutes while
                               actively loading or unloading.
                               If you own a commercial vehicle that does not
                               have a commercial licence plate you can obtain a
                               commercial loading zone permit from the Traffic
                               Engineering division.
         commercial
        loading zone



Calgary Traffic Tips       10
Public loading zones may be used by anyone
while actively loading or unloading for up to
20 minutes.
You may stop in a passenger-loading zone for
up to 10 minutes to pick up, discharge or wait
for passengers. Taxis, commercial vehicles and
couriers may not stop in a passenger-
loading zone.
These zones are all clearly designated by signs.
The penalty for illegal use of any of these zones,
or for leaving a vehicle unoccupied is $40–$50                public
                                                           loading zone
and your vehicle may be towed.

Private property/customer parking
You may not park your vehicle on private
property without the permission of the owner,
tenant or person in charge of the property.
Parking areas that have been signed as customer
parking may only be used when you are doing
business with the owner, tenant or person in
charge of the property.
The penalty for unauthorized parking on
private property or in an area reserved for
customer parking is $40–$50 and your vehicle
may be towed.
                                                              public
                                                           loading zone
Parking on crosswalks
Crosswalks legally exist at every intersection and
do not necessarily have to be marked. If there is
a sidewalk on both sides of the intersection,
there is a crosswalk running between them.
An unmarked crosswalk at an intersection is
defined as the extension of the sidewalk lines
across the roadway.
When parking near an intersection, ensure
you have not parked on or within 5 metres
of the crosswalk.




                                                     11   Calgary Traffic Tips
                           The penalty for parking on or within 5 metres
                           of a crosswalk is $36–$50 and your vehicle
                           may be towed.

                           Parking RVs on the street
                           You may park a registered recreational vehicle
                           (RV) on the street immediately adjacent to your
                           property for a maximum of 36 hours. Your RV
                           must then be moved to a legal, off-street
                           location for a minimum of 48 hours before it
                           may be parked on the same street again next
                           to your property.
                           The penalty for illegally parking your recreational
                           vehicle on the street or alley is $40–$50 and your
                           vehicle may be towed.

                           Parking detached trailers or
                           campers on the street
                           You may not leave any type of trailer or camping
                           accommodation on a street or alley if it has been
                           detached from the tow vehicle. The penalty for
                           leaving a detached trailer or a camper unit on
                           the street or alley is $40–$50 and the unit may
                           be removed from the street or alley at the
                           owner’s expense.
                           It is illegal for detached campers to be parked in
                           front of houses (driveways or front yards).
                           In the event of an emergency, a detached
                           camper cannot be easily moved and
                           its presence may impede rescue efforts.


                           Pavement markings
                           Pavement marking can be divided into two
                           general categories: yellow lines, which divide
                           traffic moving in opposing directions, and white
                           lines, which divide traffic moving in the same
                           direction. White lines are also used to designate
                           crosswalks and stop lines.



Calgary Traffic Tips   12
Double solid lines
If a double solid line exists between traffic lanes, you
may not cross from one lane into the other. Outside
an urban area, you may cross a double solid line to
enter or exit from a private road or driveway.

Single solid lines
If a single solid line exists between lanes of
traffic, you may not cross from one lane into
the other. You may cross a single solid line to
enter or exit from a private road or driveway. In
an urban area, you may cross a single solid line
when overtaking and passing another vehicle,
provided it can be done safely, without
exceeding the speed limit.

Broken lines
If a broken line exists between lanes of traffic,
you may overtake and pass another vehicle,
providing it can be done safely, without
exceeding the speed limit.


Pedestrians
In Calgary, there are several systems for enabling
pedestrians to cross streets safely:
• Unmarked crosswalks exist at every
  intersection where there is a sidewalk at both
  sides of the intersection. Unmarked crosswalks
  extend from the corner of one sidewalk,
  across the roadway, to the corner of the
  opposite sidewalk.
• Marked crosswalks have painted white lines
  that extend from the corner of one sidewalk,
  across the roadway, to the corner of the
  opposite sidewalk. Marked crosswalks may
  also be located between intersections.
• Intersections controlled by traffic signals
  have WALK and DON’T WALK signals in
  addition to a marked crosswalk.

                                                          13   Calgary Traffic Tips
                              • Pedestrian corridors have marked crosswalks,
                                overhead flashing yellow lights (activated by
                                pedestrians), large black and white pedestrian
                                crossing signs and advance warning signs.

                              Pedestrian right-of-way
                              Pedestrians have the right-of-way at all
                              intersections and crosswalks unless the
     marked pedestrian
        crosswalk             intersection is controlled by a traffic signal,
                              a traffic control device or if a police officer
                              indicates otherwise. Legally, a crosswalk exists at
                              every intersection where there is a sidewalk on
                              both sides of the street, regardless of whether or
                              not there are painted white lines and pedestrian
                              crossing signs. Lines and signs are only installed
                              to enhance the visibility of the crosswalk if the
                              need has been identified.
                              The penalty for a motorist failing to yield the
                              right-of-way to a pedestrian in a crosswalk is
                              $575 and four demerit points.
                              Motorists and pedestrians must share the
                              responsibility for safety in a crosswalk. At
                              an intersection or crosswalk, motorists must
                              stop and yield the right-of-way to pedestrians.
                              Before crossing, pedestrians must indicate their
                              intentions to cross by extending their arm
                              and ensuring the traffic has stopped before
                              proceeding onto the roadway. Once the traffic
                              has stopped, it is important for the pedestrian to
                              cross the road without delay.
                              The penalty for failing to yield to the pedestrian
                              right-of-way when a pedestrian is standing on
                              the sidewalk and indicating intent to cross with
                              an outstretched arm (but has not yet stepped
                              onto the roadway) is $115.




Calgary Traffic Tips      14
Pedestrians and traffic signals
In Calgary, most intersections controlled by
traffic signals have special signals for pedestrians
that are different from the standard red, amber
and green overhead signals for drivers. They
consist of:
• A walk symbol. Either an illuminated white               walk indication

  outlined walking figure or the word WALK. This
  indicates to the pedestrian to cross the street.
• A caution symbol. Either an illuminated
  orange outlined flashing hand or the words
  DON’T WALK. When this symbol is
  illuminated and flashing, pedestrians should
  not start to cross. If pedestrians are on the
  roadway when the symbol begins to flash, they
  will have sufficient time to cross the street
  before the symbol turns solid orange and
  traffic proceeds into the intersection.                     don’t walk
• A stop symbol. Either a solid illuminated                  indication
  orange outlined hand or the words DON’T
  WALK. Pedestrians should not cross the road
  when the solid symbol is displayed. Instead,
  they should wait on the curb until the walk
  symbol is displayed.
At intersections controlled by traffic signals,
pedestrians only have the right-of-way:
• When crossing when the walk symbol
  is displayed.
• When the stop symbol begins to flash
  provided they have already started to cross
  when the walk symbol was displayed.
Many intersections have a button marked PUSH
BUTTON TO CROSS clearly indicating
the road to which it applies. Pedestrians must
activate the pedestrian crossing signal to ensure
sufficient time is given to cross the street safely.
Failure to press the button may mean the walk
symbol will not appear or will be too short to             push to cross
allow for safe crossing.


                                                      15   Calgary Traffic Tips
                               Pedestrian corridors
                               Pedestrian corridors are installed to enhance
                               the visibility of a crosswalk and include painted
                               white lines, overhead flashing lights (activated by
                               the pedestrian), large pedestrian crossing signs
                               and advance warning signs. When the lights in
    pedestrian corridor        the corridor are flashing, motorist must
                               reduce their speed to 30 km/h, may
                               not pass any vehicles, and must yield to
                               pedestrians in the crosswalk.
                               The penalty for failing to yield to a pedestrian in
                               a corridor is $575 and four demerit points.
                               Installation of a pedestrian corridor:
                               The installation of a pedestrian corridor can
                               cost up to $35,000. To ensure the best use of
                               resources, The City of Calgary has established a
                               warrant system to determine when a pedestrian
                               corridor is the best solution at a specific location.
                               The following criteria are considered:
                               • Number of pedestrians crossing the road.
                               • Ages of pedestrians.
                               • Volume of traffic pedestrians must contend
                                 with when crossing the road.
                               • Physical characteristics of the street
                                 (number of lanes, presence of medians).
                               • Distance to next controlled crossing.
                               • Speed limit.
                               • Visibility at the crossing.
                               • Collision history over the previous two years.
                               Points are assigned for each criterion. If a
                               location achieves a total of 80 points or more,
                               a pedestrian corridor is warranted. The City
                               of Calgary does not take petitions and
                               lobbying into account when considering the
                               warrant system.



Calgary Traffic Tips       16
Sometimes a pedestrian corridor is not
the best solution.
Pedestrian corridors are not installed at locations
with any of the following conditions:
• The speed limit exceeds 60 km/h.
• There are more than two through
  lanes in each direction (i.e. more than
  four total through lanes).
• Where it is necessary to maintain traffic flow
  along a major route.
If any of these conditions exist and pedestrian
traffic is significant, it may be better to install a
traffic signal instead.
Generally, a pedestrian corridor will not be
installed within two blocks or 200 metres of an
existing traffic signal or pedestrian corridor.

Is a pedestrian corridor needed
in my neighbourhood?
Many busy pedestrian locations in Calgary are
monitored for traffic and pedestrian volumes and
each year locations are identified that warrant
a pedestrian corridor. Pedestrian corridors
warranted for the current year can be found on
The City of Calgary website at calgary.ca/roads.
If the location you are interested in is not on
the list, call 3-1-1 and request the status of
the intersection.

How long does it take to have a
pedestrian corridor installed?
Locations evaluated for pedestrian corridors are
considered each year by City Council. Locations
that meet the warrant criteria typically have a
pedestrian corridor installed the following year.




                                                      17   Calgary Traffic Tips
                           Cyclists
                           The Alberta Traffic Safety Act defines the bicycle
                           as a vehicle. When travelling on the road, cyclists
                           have all the same rights and responsibilities as
                           a motor vehicle. To operate safely in traffic, all
        Stop               road users including cyclists, must obey the same
                           rules of the road.

                           Cyclist hand signals
                           Because bicycles do not have built-in signal
                           lights, cyclists use hand signals to indicate their
          Left             intentions in traffic.

                           Bicycles on the road
                           Bicycles are legally permitted on all Calgary roads
                           except for Deerfoot Trail from 64 Avenue north
                           to Marquis of Lorne Trail in the south.
      Right
                           The City has identified certain streets as bicycle
                           routes to help cyclists find their way around
                           Calgary. They can be marked with signage or
                           have extra space and pavement marking such as
                           wide curb lanes or bicycle lanes.
                           The following text is from Alberta
                           Infrastructure and Transportation’s
                           Basic Licence Driver’s Handbook.

                           Motorists should remember:
                           • A cyclist riding their bicycle is considered
                             by law to be a vehicle. When a cyclist has
                             stopped and remains astride their bicycle at an
                             intersection waiting for a traffic control signal,
                             they are to be treated as a vehicle waiting for
                             their turn to proceed.
                           • If a cyclist dismounts completely and is
                             walking beside and pushing their bicycle, then
                             they are considered by law to be a pedestrian.
                           • When passing a cyclist, go around them like you
                             would any other vehicle. Leave lots of room.


Calgary Traffic Tips   18
• When you are preparing to make a right turn,
  watch for cyclists who may pull up alongside
  your vehicle. Remember to shoulder check
  your blind spots. Cyclists are entitled to make
  left turns in the same manner as motorists.
  Since they are more exposed to traffic on left
  turns, they will need extra consideration,
  especially on multi-lane roads.
• When pulling away from the curb, always check
  for cyclists who may be trying to pass you.
• When parked at the curb, always check for              bicycle route marker
  cyclists before you open your vehicle door. It
  is the driver’s responsibility not to open the
  vehicle door into traffic.
• Do not follow too close behind cyclists.
  They do not have brake lights to warn you
  when they are stopping.
• Cyclists are required to ride as close as
  practicable to the curb, however, they may
  need to ride further out when they have to
  steer away from drainage grates, pot holes,
  debris, loose gravel or sand, wet or slippery
  surfaces, rutted or grooved pavement and even
  dogs. Be aware of the roadway conditions that
  may affect a cyclist.
• Do not sound your horn unnecessarily when
  you are overtaking a cyclist. It may frighten
  them and cause them to lose control. If
  you feel that you must use your horn, tap it
  quickly and lightly while you are still some
  distance away from the cyclist.

Cyclists using the streets and
highways should remember:
• The law requires cyclist or passengers on a
  bicycle who are under 18 years of age to wear
  an approved bicycle safety helmet, however it
  is recommended that all cyclists wear a helmet.




                                                    19     Calgary Traffic Tips
                             • Keep both hands on the handlebars except
                               when making a hand signal.
                             • Keep both feet on the pedals.
                             • Do not carry more people at one time than
                               the bicycle was designed for.
                             • Do not hold onto, attach themselves or attach
                               the bicycle to any other moving vehicle.
                             • Ride single file except when overtaking/
                               passing another bicycle.
                             • When cycling at night, make sure their bicycle
                               is equipped with at least one headlamp
                               (not more than two), one red tail lamp and
                               at least one red reflector mounted on the rear
                               of the bicycle.
                             • Be sure the bicycle has effective brakes.
                             • Ensure that the bicycle is equipped with
                               a bell or horn.

                             Playground zones
                             Playground zones exist throughout the city in
                             areas where children frequently play. They are
                             in place to warn motorists to slow down and
                             take caution to watch for children when driving
                             through these areas.
     playground zone
                             The maximum permitted speed in playground
                             zones is 30 km/h in Calgary. The zones are in
                             effect every day from 8:30 a.m. until one hour
                             after sunset. In addition to the reduced speed
                             limit, you may not pass another vehicle within
                             the playground zone during this time. The fine
                             for passing in a playground zone is $172 and
                             three demerit points.
                             The penalty for speeding in a playground zone
                             is the same as other speeding offences. Fines
                             are based on the amount by which you exceed
      playground zone        the posted speed limit. For example, if you are
                             driving at 45 km/h in a playground zone, you are
                             15 km/h over the speed limit. Your fine would be
                             $87 and two demerit points.

Calgary Traffic Tips     20
Right-of-ways
Multi-way stops
A multi-way stop is an intersection controlled by
a stop sign on each leg of the intersection.
When two motorists approach and stop at an                    stop sign
intersection controlled by a multi-way stop at
approximately the same time, the driver of the
vehicle on the left must yield the right-of-way to
the vehicle on the right. Ensure the intersection
is clear of vehicles and pedestrians before
proceeding. The penalty for failing to yield the
right-of-way is $172 and three demerit points.

Uncontrolled intersections
When two motorists approach or enter an
uncontrolled intersection (i.e. intersections
without traffic signals, Stop signs or Yield signs)
at approximately the same time, the driver of the
                                                          roundabout ahead
vehicle on the left must yield the right-of-way to
the vehicle on the right. A vehicle already in the
intersection has the right-of-way.
The penalty for failing to yield the right-of-way
is $115 and three demerit points.


Roundabouts and                                           roundabout yield


traffic circles
There are several traffic circles and roundabouts
in the city. These have been implemented to
ease traffic congestion and improve traffic flow
at key intersections.
A roundabout sign indicates that motorists are
approaching a roundabout. A roundabout yield
sign indicates motorists must yield the right-of-
way, stopping if necessary, before entering the
roundabout and must not proceed until it is safe
to do so. Vehicles within the roundabout have
the right-of-way.

                                                     21    Calgary Traffic Tips
                              A roundabout directional sign indicates
                              the direction of the traffic-flow in the roundabout.

                              How to navigate a roundabout
                              In a roundabout, the vehicle on the right must
                              yield to the vehicle on the left. The driver on
                              the left must activate the right turn signal and
                              use caution when leaving the circle and crossing
                              through the outside lane. Traffic entering the
                              circle must yield to traffic already in the circle.

• B and C yield to A          Remember these safety tips:
• E must yield to D while     • Enter into the right-hand lane if you intend to
  F and D proceed together      leave at the first exit point.
• H yields to G.
                              • Enter into the left lane if you intend to
                                proceed to the second exit or beyond.

                              Pedestrians at roundabouts
                              Pedestrians have the right-of-way and drivers
        roundabout            must yield to a pedestrian in the crosswalks at
         directional          the entrance and exit of the roundabout. The
                              penalty for failing to yield to a pedestrian is $575
                              and four demerit points.

                              Traffic circles
                              A traffic circle is a raised island located in the
        roundabout
                              middle of an intersection. The main purpose of
         directional
                              traffic circles is to reduce vehicle speeds and to
                              reduce vehicle-to-vehicle conflicts at intersections.
                              The shape of the island may vary according to
                              the intersection layout and may not be circular
                              but is treated in the same manner at all times.
                              Motorists are required to travel around the island
                              in a counter-clockwise direction. The traffic circle
                              is regulated by Yield signs on the approaches
                              and the motorist entering the circle must yield
                              to traffic in the circle approaching from the left.
                              (For more information on traffic circles, see
                              “How to navigate a roundabout” above).



Calgary Traffic Tips      22
School zones
School zones serve a similar purpose to
playground zones. They exist throughout the
city near schools to warn motorists to take extra
caution and reduce speed when driving
through the area.
The maximum permitted speed in school
zones is 30 km/h. The zones are in effect from               school zone
8 a.m. until 5 p.m. (17:00 hrs.) on school days.
Motorists should be aware that school zone
hours in Calgary are longer than the basic hours
indicated in the Traffic Safety Act.
The penalty for speeding in a playground zone
is the same as other speeding offences. It is based
on the amount by which you exceed the posted
speed limit. For example, if you are driving at 50
km/h in a school zone, you are 20 km/h over the
speed limit. Your fine would be $124 and three
demerit points.
Passing is not allowed within the school zone
during the hours that the zone is in effect. The           school zone ends
penalty for passing in a school zone is $172 and
three demerit points.
 To ensure the safety of all children, consider
the following when dropping off or picking up
children from school:
• Avoid double-parking.
• Watch for and obey signs indicating No
  Stopping and No Parking zones.
• Leave 5 metres between your vehicle and a
  crosswalk to ensure children are visible when
  they enter the crosswalk.
• Keep school bus zones clear so children can
  step off the bus and onto a curb instead of
  exiting onto a busy street.
• Leave 5 metres between your vehicle and Stop
  signs, Yield signs and intersections to ensure
  children in the area are visible to motorists.

                                                      23    Calgary Traffic Tips
                           • Allow at least 1.5 metres between your vehicle
                             and the entrance of a driveway or garage.
                           All parking infractions in school zones are
                           subject to a minimum $57 fine.

                           School bus safety
                           In many of Calgary’s outlying areas, school
                           buses are required to engage their red flashing
                           lights when stopping to load or offload students.
                           Motorists travelling in either direction must
                           stop while the school bus lights are flashing
                           (exception being opposite site of a divided road/
                           highway). School bus operators are prohibited
        school bus
                           from operating their flashing lights on most city
        stop ahead
                           of Calgary roads. They can only be activated
                           on roadways that are effectively rural in nature.
                           Regardless, motorists should watch for children
                           in the vicinity of a school bus when it is stopped
                           and be prepared to slow down or stop.


                           Speed limits
                           Within the city of Calgary the standard speed
                           limit under the Traffic Safety Act is 50 km/h,
                           unless otherwise posted. The penalties for
                           speeding are based on the number of kilometres
                           per hour that you are travelling over the speed
                           limit. A combination of a fine and demerit
                           points are placed on your driving record
                           upon conviction.
                           For example, if you are travelling at 65 km/h
                           in a 50 km/h zone (exceeding the speed limit
                           by 15 km/h) you would receive a summons
                           with a penalty of $87 and two demerit points.
                           Travelling at 75 km/h in a 50 km/h (exceeding
                           the speed limit by 25 km/h) would result in a
                           summons for $150 and three demerit points.
                           (Up to 15 km/h over the speed limit earns
                           two demerit points. Over 15 km/h over earns
                           three demerits.) Once you have accumulated


Calgary Traffic Tips   24
15 demerit points, your Operator’s licence is
suspended. Demerit points stay on your driving
record for two years from the date of conviction.


Stopping at Stop signs
Drivers approaching a Stop sign are required
to come to a complete stop before entering the
intersection. If a stop line has been marked,
you must come to a complete stop before
crossing the stop line. If there is no stop line,
you must stop before entering the crosswalk. If              stop sign
there is no marked crosswalk or stop line then
you must come to a complete stop before the
corner, taking care not to block pedestrians or
other traffic. After coming to a complete stop,
providing the crosswalk is clear, you can move
your vehicle ahead over the crosswalk to obtain
better visibility before entering the intersection.


Stopping at traffic signals
The proper stopping position at a traffic signal is
the marked stop line. If there isn’t one, you must
stop your vehicle before entering the crosswalk
area. If there is an “X” painted between the
stop line and the crosswalk, you must leave that
area clear. This requirement provides room in
                                                             signal ahead
the crosswalk for pedestrians to cross, allows
adequate room for vehicles making left turns,
provides visibility within the intersection and
lastly, helps to ensure that your vehicle is
stopped in a position where the vehicle detector
can sense your presence and change the traffic
light to green.




                                                      25   Calgary Traffic Tips
                           Vertical deflection devices
                           including humps, bumps, speed tables and
                           speed cushions
                           Speed humps are usually used on residential
                           streets to slow down local traffic and discourage
       speed hump
                           short-cutting. A speed hump is a raised area
                           of roadway that stretches across the road. The
                           primary purpose of a speed hump is to reduce
                           vehicle speed and therefore improve safety on the
                           roadway. Appropriate road-marking and warning
                           signage is provided at each location where a
                           speed hump is constructed. When approaching
                           a speed hump, motorists are expected to slow
                           down and follow the posted speed limit on
                           the roadway.


                           Traffic calming measures
                           Traffic calming measures are used on residential
                           streets in communities to resolve traffic and
                           safety problems. They are used in the city to:
                           • Reduce vehicle speeds.
                           • Discourage through traffic on local streets.
                           • Minimize conflicts between street users.
                           • Enhance the neighbourhood environment.
                           This makes it possible to preserve and enhance
                           neighbourhood livability in Calgary. The most
                           common traffic calming techniques include
                           speed humps, curb extensions, roundabouts/
                           traffic circles and signage.


                           Traffic signals
                           A traffic signal is a device used to regulate the
                           flow of vehicles and pedestrians through an
                           intersection. There are different types of traffic
                           signals designed to handle different types of
                           traffic patterns. All traffic signals use lights to
                           tell motorists and pedestrians when and how to
                           proceed, and when to stop.
Calgary Traffic Tips   26
Warrant system for installation
It can cost up to $200,000 to install a traffic signal.
To ensure resources are used wisely, The City of
Calgary employs a warrant system to determine
when/where it is necessary to install a traffic signal.
The warrant system considers six criteria:
• Vehicular volumes including bus volumes.
• Pedestrian volumes.
• Collision history over the previous two years.
• Distance to the nearest adjacent signal on the
  main road.
• Factors related to road geometry and nearby
  traffic generating facilities (e.g. schools).
• Speed limit on the main road.
Points are assigned for each criterion. If a
location achieves a total of 300 points or more,
a traffic signal is warranted. The City of Calgary
does not take petitions and lobbying into
account when considering the warrant system.

Sometimes a traffic signal
is not the best solution.
Unwarranted traffic signals may cause excessive
delays that can lead to driver frustration and
non-compliance. Motorists may run red lights or
cut through neighbouring areas to avoid waiting
at the signal, creating other traffic problems.
Although the installation of a traffic signal may
reduce the number of right angle or left-turning
collisions, the number of rear end collisions can
increase once a traffic signal has been installed.

Is a traffic signal warranted
in my neighbourhood?
Many intersections in Calgary are monitored
for traffic volumes and each year locations are
identified that warrant a traffic signal. Traffic
signals that are warranted for the


                                                         27   Calgary Traffic Tips
                           current year are listed on The City of Calgary
                           website at calgary.ca/roads.
                           If the intersection you are concerned about is
                           not on the list, call 3-1-1 to request the status of
                           that intersection.

                           How long does it take to install
                           a traffic signal?
                           Locations evaluated for traffic signals are
                           considered each year by City Council.
                           Locations that meet the warrant criteria typically
                           have a traffic signal installed the following year.


                           Road Construction
                           Always be on the lookout for signs warning
                           of construction ahead. Be prepared to slow
                           down, and stop, if required. Obey the flag
                           person’s signals.
                           Construction zone speed limits must be obeyed
                           at all times. Hazards such as bumps, fresh oil
                           and loose gravel may be present even when
                           workers and equipment are not.

                           Speed Fines Double
                           Alberta’s Traffic Safety Act has been amended to
                           encourage motorists to adhere to the speed limit
                           in active work areas.
                           In order to boost compliance with speed limits,
                           speed fines now double in active work areas. The
                           Speed Fines Double Begins and Ends signs mark
                           the boundaries of active work areas in high-
                           speed situations (70 km/h or greater). Active
                           work areas with lower speeds (i.e. residential
                           areas) may not have this signage posted.
                           Regardless of whether or not Speed Fines
                           Double signs have been installed, if workers are
                           present, or if it is anticipated that workers will
                           be present, motorists can be issued double fines
                           in any active work area.

Calgary Traffic Tips   28
Emergency vehicles
Emergency vehicles include fire, police,
ambulance, tow trucks, and a vehicle used by
a gas disconnection unit of a public utility or a
designated emergency response unit.
When passing emergency vehicles or tow trucks
stopped with their lights flashing, motorists in
the lane immediately adjacent to the emergency
vehicle(s) must slow to 60 km/h – or less if the
posted speed is lower.
If there are two or more traffic lanes in the
same direction as the emergency vehicle or tow
truck, passing vehicles need only slow down in
the lane immediately adjacent to the stopped
emergency vehicle. Vehicles travelling in other
lanes, including oncoming lanes, may maintain
their speed but should proceed with caution.

Other tips for dealing with emergency
vehicles
• Pull over in a safe manner, even on a multi-
  lane road, to allow emergency vehicles to
  continue travelling in the lane they are in.
• Use proper signals so the driver of the
  emergency vehicle knows what you are
  intending to do.
• Gain eye contact with the driver of the
  emergency vehicle at an intersection to let
  them know you will stop for them.
• Do not follow an emergency vehicle through
  the intersection at a red light.
• Do not follow an emergency vehicle too
  closely. Leave extra space in front of you.
  Ambulances and fire trucks have large blind
  spots, as well as poor visibility out of their
  rear view mirror.




                                                    29   Calgary Traffic Tips
                           Winter driving
                           conditions in Calgary
                           The dramatic nature of Calgary’s winters
                           can create particularly challenging driving
                           conditions on our city streets. The City
                           relies on sophisticated weather forecasts and
                           information from a number of embedded
                           road sensors to stay on top of the changing
                           road conditions.
                           When snow or ice impedes traffic, the
                           strategy is to get the greatest number of
                           vehicles moving in the shortest amount of
                           time. Downtown streets and other major
                           traffic routes like Crowchild and Glenmore
                           trails are sanded, salted or plowed first. Next
                           in priority are the bus routes and other
                           major roads.
                           In keeping with the City Council-approved
                           snow and ice control program, The City
                           does not sand, salt or plow streets in
                           residential areas, except in school zones,
                           playground zones and designated trouble
                           spots. Calgarians are encouraged to
                           drive with extra care on snow-covered
                           residential streets.
                           Road salts are used (sparingly) to melt snow
                           and ice when road surface temperatures
                           are between 0° and -5° Celsius. This is in
                           line with The City’s Salt Management Plan
                           which outlines best practices for the use
                           and storage of road salts.




Calgary Traffic Tips   30
Winter driving tips
• Use extra caution when travelling on
  bridges, overpasses and off-ramps.
  These structures tend to ice up quickly
  when cold winds are blowing or
  temperatures drop.
• Stay well back (min. 10 metres) from
  sanding vehicles or other snow and
                                                  References
  ice control equipment. Blowing snow             Alberta Infrastructure and
                                                  Transportation, Basic Licence
  from these vehicles can serious hamper          Driver’s Handbook
  visibility if you follow too close or attempt
                                                  Demerit Point Program and
  to pass them.                                   Service Documents Regulation
• Have your vehicle tuned-up and                  (A.R. 331/2002)
  winterized as cold weather approaches.          Provincial Offences
• Give yourself extra time to reach               Procedures Act
                                                  (A.R. 233-89)
  your destination.
                                                  The City of Calgary
• Reduce your speed and travel with your          Traffi c Bylaw 26M96
  headlights on.
                                                  The City of Calgary
• Leave extra space between you and               Cycling Safety Handbook,
  the car ahead of you to allow more              2006
  time to stop.                                   Traffi c Safety Act
                                                  (RSA 2000 c. T-6)
• Watch for stalled vehicles.
• When road conditions are difficult,              Use of Highway Rules of
                                                  the Road Regulation
  consider leaving your vehicle at home and       (A.R. 304/2002)
  using Calgary Transit to get around town.




                                                   31      Calgary Traffic Tips
    Contact Information
    For more information on these and
    other traffic tips call 3-1-1.
    For updates and downloadable PDFs
    of traffic tips visit calgary.ca/roads.




                                                                        2007-1954

 Adapted from the Capital Region Intersection Safety Program (CRISP).



calgary.ca/roads | call 3-1-1