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					  BULLYING
INFORMATION AND INTERVENTION
         Training Objectives
 Recognize the different forms of Bullying
 Recognize the Warning Signs that a Child
  is Being Bullied
 Identify ways parents or other adults can
  help a child who is being bullied
 Identify things children can do if they are
  being bullied
 Identify things children can do if they
  witness bullying
         Training Objectives
 Recognize how technology can be used to
  bully children
 Identify internet terms such as blogs and
  chat rooms
 Identify reasons why kids cyber bully
 Identify what parents can do if their child
  is being bullied on-line
 Recognize ways teens and children can
  protect themselves on-line
           What is Bullying?

 Bullying is intentional harm inflicted on
  another person over a period of time. A
  child who is bullied finds it difficult to
  defend themselves.
 Bullying can be physical, verbal and
  emotional.
 Cyber Bullying involves using computers
  and Mobile Bullying or Text Bullying
  involves using cell phones to bully other
  students.
           Physical Bullying
   Examples of Physical Bullying:
     Hitting
     Kicking
     Punching
     Shoving
     Pushing
 Verbal and Emotional Bullying

 Examples of Verbal Bullying:
  Teasing
  Name Calling

 Examples of Emotional Bullying:
  Rumor Spreading
  Social Exclusion: Leaving someone
   out of a group
    Warning Signs a Child is Being
               Bullied

 Comes home with torn or damaged
  clothing
 Comes home with missing books or other
  belongings
 Unexplained bruises, cuts or scratches
 A child may appear sad, anxious or
  depressed, when he or she goes to school
  in the morning or comes home from
  school.
    Warning Signs a Child is Being
               Bullied

 Frequently has stomachaches or
  headaches when it is time to go to school
 Children who are bullied may be students
  who used to have a great interest in
  school but now does not.
            Effects of Bullying
   A child who is bullied may feel they have
    nowhere to turn. They're depressed
    children whose self-esteem will be lowered
    due to the bullying. These are children
    who often feel like no one cares for them.
    They may attempt suicide, or seek
    revenge against those who have hurt
    them, due to the repeated abuse and
    torment they receive.
What Can Parents Do if Their Child
           is Bullied?
 Parents must be supportive and ask their child
  about bullying incidents. It is important for
  parents to let their child know they are
  concerned and care about them.
 Parents need to contact the school their child
  attends. Teachers and the school principal
  should be alerted about the bullying incidents.
  Parents can also ask teachers and/or principal if
  they have ever observed students bullying their
  child.
 What Can Parents Do if Your Child
           is Bullied?

 Parents should keep a journal of the
  bullying events their children reports to
  them.
 If a child is being bullied, parents should
  not wait for the children involved to "work
  it out themselves." This is rarely effective.
  Allowing bullying to repeatedly occur, with
  no intervention, can greatly impact a
  child's health and mental well-being.
    What Can A Child Do if They Are
               Bullied?

 It is important for children to tell their
  parents, teachers, school resource officer,
  or other adults they trust about the
  bullying.
 Children who are bullied need to know
  that being bullied is not their fault.
 Children should not fight back. Fighting
  back will get them in trouble.
    What Can A Child Do if They Are
               Bullied?
 Children should avoid situations where they may
  be bullied and use a "buddy system." Common
  places where children are bullied at school
  include hallways, the bathroom, or cafeteria.
 Children who are bullied should sit up front on
  the school bus where they can be seen.
 If a child is bullied, they can tell the bully to stop
  and then walk away. They must then
  immediately tell an adult what has happened.
  This is telling, not tattling.
    What Can A Child Do if They
        Witness Bullying?
 “Bully By-Standers” are children who
  witness bullying. Many kids witness
  bullying, but they do nothing to stop it.
 They may even participate in the bullying
  by laughing or joining in. Children should
  not laugh at the bully. This only reinforces
  their behavior.
 Witnesses to bullying incidents should tell
  an adult what they have seen.
    What Can A Child Do if They
        Witness Bullying?

 Bully By-Standers can tell the bully to
  stop, but only if they feel comfortable
  doing this.
 Children who have witnessed bullying can
  give support and encouragement to the
  person who is being bullied.
    Using Technology to Bully

 Not all bullying behaviors happen at
  school
 Many children (and in some cases adults)
  use technology such as computers and cell
  phones to torment and bully other
  children
 Text messages and e-mails can be used to
  humiliate another person
            Cyber Bullying
   Examples of Cyber Bullying:
    Threatening and intimidating E-Mails
    Harassing and Threatening Instant
      Messages (IM)
    Sending or posting cruel rumors about
      someone to damage their reputation
    Posting inappropriate pictures of someone
     on-line (locker room pictures for example)
               Cyber Bullying

   Cyber Bullying also can include:
     Breaking into someone’s account, posing
      as that person, and sending messages
      that make the person look bad. This is
      why it’s very important for children not to
      give out their passwords to their friends.
             Mobile Bullying

   Examples of Mobile Bullying or Text
    Bullying:
    Mean or Offensive Text Messages
    Receiving a Large Number Messages a
     Day (e.g. over 25 a day)
    Offensive or Upsetting Photos or Videos
    Threatening Text Messages
           Internet Definitions
   Many adults in the United States do not
    understand cyber bullying because they
    are not familiar with computer terms or
    the applications their children are
    participating in on-line. The following
    slides describe some internet applications.
           Internet Definitions
   Blog: A blog, or web log, is an on-line
    web site that contains journal and diary
    entries, photos, and other images. Blogs
    are very popular with teens. Parents
    should ask their child if they have created
    a blog. Some popular blog web sites
    include Xanga, MySpace, Friendster,
    Facebook and others. Parents can always
    ask their child to show them their blog.
            Internet Definitions
 Chat: Real time communication between two
  users via computer. Once a chat has been
  initiated, either user can enter text by typing on
  the keyboard and the entered text will appear
  on the other user's monitor. Most networks and
  online services offer a chat feature.
 Chat Room: A virtual room where a chat session
  takes place.
    (Webopedia)
            Internet Definitions
   Instant Messaging, or IM: Real time
    communication exchanged between two people
    (or more) on-line using typed words as the form
    of communicating. Ask your child if they are
    instant messaging and who they IM or chat with
    on-line. Learn what your children are saying on-
    line. “Chat lingo” has become the new way to
    communicate. For example, “P911” means
    parents are coming. “LMIRL” means let’s meet in
    real life. “PA” means parent alert.
    How Prevalent is Cyber Bullying?
 22% of students know someone who has
  been bullied on-line.
 19% of students admit to saying
  something hurtful to others on-line.
 12% of students have personally became
  upset by strangers on-line.
(2005-06 i-SAFE pre-assessment survey of 13,000 students in grades 5-12)
    Why Do Kids Cyber Bully?
 Many times cyber bullying or mobile
  bullying is an extension of bullying that is
  occurring at school.
 Sometimes cyber bullying is based on hate
  or bias.
 Some children see cyber bullying as being
  entertaining.
    Why Do Kids Cyber Bully?
 When friendships crumble or relationships
  dissolve, one person may use the internet
  or cell phones to bully the other person.
 Sometimes the cyber bully may be a
  stranger to the victim. Many times when
  people use the internet, they feel as if
  they’re invisible. They will type things on-
  line they would not say in public.
      Effects Of Cyber Bullying
 Many children who are cyber bullied are also
  children who are bullied every day in school.
  While school lets out for the day, cyber bullying
  does not have a time frame. These children are
  bullied 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  There is no escape for them.
 They may not tell they are being bullied because
  children may fear losing their computer if they
  tell what is happening to them on-line.
    Warning Signs a Child is Being
          Bullied On-Line
 Children who are cyber bullied may be children
  who were always “chatting” with their friends
  on-line. Now they have no interest in using the
  internet.
 They may show fear or distress after using the
  internet.
 Children who are bullied on-line may be hiding
  information by quickly switching computer
  screens when their parents come into the room.
What Can Parents Do if Their Child
       is Bullied On-Line?
 Parents and guardians must save the
  evidence from cyber bullying. Save e-mails
  and chat sessions. Download all web
  pages.
 If you do not know who the cyber bully is,
  contact your Internet Service Provider or
  another company that will trace the
  identity of the person on-line.
What Can Parents Do if Their Child
       is Bullied On-Line?
 Change your child’s e-mail address or
  usernames, or block or filter further
  communications from the cyber bully.
 Let the Internet Service Provider know the
  cyber bullying incidents are occurring.
 If the cyber bullying is occurring through
  the use of a blog (MySpace, Friendster,
  etc), contact the provider.
What Can Parents Do if Their Child
       is Bullied On-Line?

   If the cyber bullying is about threats,
    harassment, obscene messages and
    images, sexually explicit images, or hate,
    contact your local police department or
    the Cybertipline. This national hotline is
    operated 24-hours a day, 7 days per week
    online at www.cybertipline.com or by
    calling 1-800-843-5678.
Cyber Bullying Prevention Tips for
       Children and Teens

   Children should never post their full name,
    age, address, name of their school, or any
    other identifying information on-line. They
    should not give out personal information
    to people they are “chatting“ with on-line
    if they do not know them in real life.
    Friend’s names, ages, addresses, or other
    identifying information should not be
    posted on-line. Posting their information
    puts them at risk.
 Cyber Bullying Prevention Tips for
        Children and Teens

 Children and teens should not give out
  passwords to anyone but their parents or
  guardian.
 The privacy settings of social networking
  sites (MySpace, Friendster, etc.) should be
  set so that other users can only be added
  if the child approves them.
 Cyber Bullying Prevention Tips for
        Children and Teens

 Teens should not allow other internet
  users to read their blog or site if they do
  not know them.
 Users should not be added to Instant
  Messaging lists unless the child knows
  them in “real life.”
Cyber Bullying Prevention Tips for
       Children and Teens

   Teens should not respond to inappropriate
    and lewd comments. They should report
    anything they see or receive on-line that
    makes them feel uncomfortable to their
    parents, guardian, or other trusted adult.
    Parents can then contact local internet
    service providers, local law enforcement,
    or the CyberTipline.
        Cyber Bullying Laws
 According to a February 2008 USA Today
  report, Missouri is one of five states
  (Maryland, New York, Rhode Island and
  Vermont are the other four) that are
  considering cyber bullying laws.
 There were seven states, including Iowa,
  Minnesota, New Jersey and Oregon, that
  passed cyber bullying laws in 2007.
    For More Information, Visit these
               Web Sites:
 Stop Bullying Now,
  www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/index.asp
 SAMHSA's National Mental Health
  Information Center (Bullying Is Not a Fact
  of Life),
  http://www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/pub
  lications/allpubs/SVP%2D0052/
 National Education Association,
  http://www.nea.org/schoolsafety/bullying.
  html
    For More Information, Visit these
               Web Sites:
 Missouri School Violence Hotline,
  www.schoolviolencehotline.com
 Missouri Center for Safe Schools,
  http://education.umkc.edu/safe-school/
 Netsmartz (from the National Center for
  Missing & Exploited Children® and Boys &
  Girls Clubs of America),
  www.netsmartz.org
 i-SAFE, www.i-safe.org
    For More Information, Visit these
               Web Sites:
 Center for Safe and Responsible Internet
  Use, www.cyberbully.org
 Play it Cyber Safe,
  www.playitcybersafe.com
 Cyberbullying.us (Features News Stories
  about Cyber Bullying),
  http://www.cyberbullying.us/index.php
 Stop Cyberbullying,
  http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/index2.
  html
   Missouri Department of Social
     Services State Technical
         Assistance Team
Address:
    PO Box 208
  Jefferson City, MO 65102-
  0208
Telephone:
  (573) 751-5980
  (800) 487-1626
  (8 a.m. to 5 p.m. CST,
  Monday – Friday)
Email:
   dls.stat@dss.mo.gov

				
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