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					                                 DECEMBER 17, 2009

 Summary of Major Revisions to the North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan
                   Five-Year Review Public Review Draft

The Public Review Draft addresses issues and concerns identified by residents who
participated in the Community Meetings, members of the project’s Planning Advisory
Committee, and the City & County of Honolulu, Department of Planning and Permitting.
Given the extent of the revisions, this summary is not intended to be a comprehensive
review of the proposed changes. Only the major revisions – accompanied by
supporting justification, where appropriate – are summarized as follows:

Chapter 1 – North Shore’s Role in O‘ahu’s Development Pattern

1. Updated discussion of General Plan policies and regional population distribution to
   reflect revised 2025 projections as used in the General Plan.

   Justification: The General Plan Population Objective C Policy 4 was revised in 2002.
   Incorporation of the revised General Plan residential population distribution ensures
   that the North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan is consistent with the General
   Plan.

2. Added discussion explaining how the concept of “sustainability” relates to the City’s
   planning system and the Development Plans/Sustainable Communities Plans
   (DPs/SCPs).

   Justification: This is in response to community concerns about the role of
   sustainability in the City’s planning system, largely in part to references to
   sustainability in the title of the SCPs and increased public awareness about
   sustainability generated by the recent State-sponsored Hawai‘i 2050 Sustainability
   Plan, as well as a growing international focus on issues related to sustainability.

Chapter 2 – The Vision for the North Shore’s Future

3. Extended planning horizon from 2020 to 2035.

   Justification: This revision allows the Plan to maintain a 20-year planning horizon.

4. Added a description of the North Shore’s future population projections in relation to
   the region’s historical population growth rate, the General Plan’s regional population
   distribution for 2025, and projections based on current population trends.

   Justification: This addresses community concerns that the General Plan residential
   population distribution for the North Shore in 2025 is inconsistent with the actual
   population growth rates being witnessed in the region. General Plan Population
   Objective C, Policy 4 identifies the percentage of the projected 2025 regional
   population to be 1.7% of the total island-wide population. Recent data indicates that
   the North Shore’s population currently comprises 2.0% of O‘ahu’s population, and
   DPP’s future population projections based on current growth rates indicate that the
   North Shore’s population in 2035 will account for slightly more than 1.8% of the
   island-wide population (i.e., the General Plan population distribution is lower than the
   future projections resulting from current population trends). Residents are
   concerned that the North Shore does not have the capacity to accommodate
   additional population growth without significant negative impacts.

5. Rewrote key vision elements to be active statements from the perspective of the
   year 2035 (e.g., changed “Retention of cultural and historic resources” to “Preserve
   and protect). In addition, various vision elements were updated to reflect current
   conditions and/or community concerns:

   •   Section 2.2.1: Replaced Rural Community, Preservation and Agricultural
       Boundaries with a Rural Boundary for consistency with other DPs/SCPs

   •   Section 2.2.2: Included visitor-based activities (that are accessory to agricultural
       operations) as an income-generating source to supplement farm incomes

   •   Section 2.2.3: Deleted public golf course as a future long-term amenity

   •   Section 2.2.4: Clarified community’s preference for a country inn in Hale‘iwa and
       deleted reference to country inns in Waialua town. Also added language
       describing community’s concerns about illegal short-term vacation rentals

   •   Section 2.2.6: Added statement to prioritize the development of attached and
       multi-family housing to accommodate affordable housing

   •   Section 2.2.7: Included discussion about traffic conditions on Kamehameha
       Highway and the need for secondary/emergency access

   •   Section 2.2.8: Added description of the area’s land use and cultural history

   •   Section 2.2.9: Expanded ahupua‘a definition and how it relates to land use and
       natural resource management

   •   Section 2.2.10: Added new vision element to recognize concepts of
       sustainability, including the North Shore’s principles of sustainability.

   Justification: Revisions are based on information received during community
   discussions.




Summary of Major Revisions                                                     Page 2 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft
Chapter 3: Land Use Policies and Guidelines

6. For all land use categories in Chapters 3 and 4 - “General Policies, Principles and
   Guidelines” have been reorganized into two sections, “Policies and Guidelines”.

   Justification: This change was made to provide consistency between all the rural
   SCPs, and to better distinguish the broad policies.

7. Section 3.1 Open Space and Natural Environment: Updated the general description
   of open space resources, including the addition of 1998 and 2007 zoning acreages
   to show that the majority of the North Shore lands are zoned for Agriculture or
   Preservation. Also added statement to recognize the State/City acquisition of the
   former Lihi Lani property at Pūpūkea-Paumalū. Policies and guidelines to address
   outdoor lighting concerns were added to Section 3.1.1 and 3.1.2.7.

   Justification: DPP is adding language about outdoor lighting to all SCPs; the issue
   has affected all rural areas.

8. Section 3.2 Agriculture: Updated the description of the current agriculture industry,
   with an emphasis on the ways in which a healthy, successful agriculture industry
   supports the North Shore’s rural landscape and lifestyle. Policies and guidelines
   have been strengthened to prohibit development of agricultural lands. New
   guidelines introduced in Section 3.2.2.1 Agricultural Lands include: (1) improving the
   quality of irrigation water from Lake Wilson; (2) identifying and protecting Important
   Agricultural Lands (IAL) as defined by Act 183; and (3) coordinating an island-wide
   agriculture development plan.

   Justification: Since the current North Shore SCP was adopted in 2000, the North
   Shore’s agricultural industry has been faced with various challenges that jeopardize
   the productivity and long-term viability of North Shore agriculture. Industry
   proponents believe that the resolution of such challenges can help to secure the
   future of agriculture. In addition to describing the existing agricultural industry and
   the related issues, the proposed revisions include specific implementing actions
   (guidelines) that are important to protecting agricultural lands and developing a
   successful agriculture industry. Language regarding IAL reflects changes in State
   laws affecting agricultural lands.

9. Section 3.3 Parks and Recreation: Updated the description of city and county parks,
   Hale‘iwa Boat Harbor, and institutional and private facilities, including a reference to
   the Office of Hawaiian Affairs’ acquisition of Waimea Valley.

   Justification: Revisions were made to reflect current conditions.

10. Section 3.3.2.3 Beach Parks and Shoreline Areas: Clarified guideline for public
    beach access to ½-mile intervals, per City guidance.



Summary of Major Revisions                                                   Page 3 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft
   Justification: This proposed revision was made based on input from the City
   Department of Design and Construction. The guideline to provide shoreline access
   at ¼-mile intervals was amended to ½-mile intervals to reflect the City’s standards
   for rural areas. The ¼-mile standard is applied to urban areas, of which there are
   none on the North Shore.

11. Section 3.5 Residential Communities: Updated the description of residential areas
    and housing trends based on current available data, with an expanded discussion on
    the need for affordable housing and attached/multi-family housing development.
    Also added statement to Section 3.5.2 describing the importance of adopting rural
    standards for residential subdivisions. Replaced reference to “housing expansion” in
    Section 3.5.2.2 with the specific number of new housing units (350 units) that should
    be allowed in Hale‘iwa. Added statement to Section 3.5.2.3 that new apartment
    districts may be appropriate adjacent to Waialua and Hale‘iwa town center subject to
    community and agency review.

   Justification: These revisions reflect the general community sentiment that increased
   property values have affected the availability of housing (both rental and for sale)
   that is affordable for the majority of existing residents. The development of attached
   and multi-family housing adjacent to Waialua and Hale‘iwa towns allows for higher-
   density housing types typically associated with affordable housing projects.

12. Section 3.6 Commercial Areas: Proposed revisions are intended to support locally-
    owned small businesses, including a policy to “prohibit ‘big box’ retailers” and a
    guideline to “assist business owners with maintaining their financial stability.”

   Justification: Locally-owned small businesses, including the neighborhood “mom and
   pop” grocery stores that evoke the ambience of the plantation era, are an important
   element to retain the North Shore’s rural character. In recent years, rising business
   costs, aging/retiring business owners, and changes in consumer habits resulting
   from the introduction of big box retailers in other parts of the island have resulted in
   the closure of several long-time locally-owned North Shore businesses.

13. Section 3.6.3 Rural Community Commercial Center: Added new section that
    separates the “Rural Community Commercial Center” from “Country Stores.”

   Justification: This is in response to the abandoned proposal for the Pūpūkea Village
   development (across from Sharks Cove), which faced community opposition due to
   the incompatible nature and character of the proposed project, potential traffic and
   infrastructure-related impacts, and nearshore impacts to the Pūpūkea Marine Life
   Conservation District. Proposed revisions are intended to clarify the intent of the
   Rural Community Commercial Center designation, and ensure that future proposals
   are limited in size and scope, and are designed more for area residents than visitors.

14. Section 3.7 Industrial Areas: Expanded preferred uses in Waialua Town industrial
    area.


Summary of Major Revisions                                                   Page 4 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft
   Justification: These changes provide a better economic base for these lands, and
   convey the need to better serve area residents.

15. Section 3.8 Visitor Accommodations: Added discussion addressing residents’
    concerns about illegal short-term vacation rentals, and their desire to prohibit
    additional overnight accommodations until current concerns are resolved. A
    statement that “Resort zoning is not appropriate for the North Shore” was also
    added. The reference to country inns in Waialua was removed, and the desire for a
    single country inn in Hale‘iwa was clarified.

   Justification: The increased presence of illegal short-term vacation rentals and the
   lack of enforcement was one of the “hot” topics identified during this review.
   Observations of area residents living with illegal short-term vacation rentals in their
   neighborhoods indicate that such uses create additional noise, traffic and security
   issues that are not compatible with residential areas. They also increase property
   values and reduce the available supply of long-term rental housing units. The
   proposed revisions clarify the community’s position about the need to resolve the
   illegal short-term vacation rental problem and limit future development of visitor
   accommodations to one small-scale country inn within Hale‘iwa town.

   Although the Waialua Town Master Plan recommends development of a small inn as
   an economic revitalization strategy, the reference to country inns in Waialua was
   deleted to ensure preservation of Waialua’s small-town plantation town character
   and maintain commercial activity for area residents. Hale‘iwa is the preferred
   location for the country inn for several reasons: (1) the former Hale‘iwa Hotel played
   a major role in the development of Hale‘iwa town in the early 1900s; (2) Hale‘iwa is
   recognized as the region’s primary commercial center for both residents and visitors
   alike, and a country inn in Hale‘iwa would help to attract and keep visitor traffic in
   Hale‘iwa town; and (3) development in Hale‘iwa can be regulated by existing special
   district regulations and future zoning requirements that would need to be adopted in
   order to accommodate an inn for Hale‘iwa.

   Resort zoning is not compatible with the North Shore’s character and development
   pattern, and is not the appropriate vehicle to permit a country inn on the North
   Shore. Per the LUO, the “purpose of the resort district is to provide areas for visitor-
   oriented destination centers”, and the “primary uses within the resort district are
   lodging units, hotels and multifamily dwellings” (LUO, Section 21-3.100). After
   considering the types of permitted uses and development standards associated with
   the resort district, community members felt that resort zoning encompassed a
   broader, more-intensive form of development than was desired, and that such
   zoning could lead to the development of a hotel. As an alternative, community
   members support an LUO amendment to allow for a discretionary permit – such as a
   Conditional Use Permit (Major) with criteria specific to the North Shore country inn –
   to regulate development.



Summary of Major Revisions                                                    Page 5 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft
Chapter 4: Public Facilities and Infrastructure Policies and Guidelines

16. For all land use categories in Chapters 3 and 4 - “General Policies, Principles and
    Guidelines” have been reorganized into two sections, “Policies and Guidelines.”

   Justification: This change was made to provide consistency between all the rural
   SCPs, and to better distinguish these broad statements.

17. Section 4 Public Facilities and Infrastructure Policies and Guidelines: Additions to
    this section include (1) discussion addressing the community’s desire for adequate
    infrastructure systems and public facilities/services that are consistent with the North
    Shore’s rural character; (2) a description of the community’s desire that there be no
    further expansion of resort accommodations at Turtle Bay, primarily because of
    spillover impacts to the North Shore SCP area; and (3) data from DBEDT on the
    number of visitors that visit the North Shore each year and the resulting impacts on
    infrastructure.

   Justification: This language was added at the request of the Planning Advisory
   Committee to: (1) reflect a desire for appropriate-sized infrastructure to serve the
   resident population of the North Shore, and (2) to bring awareness to the use of the
   North Shore as a haven for day use by visitors and residents from other parts of the
   island.

18. Section 4.1 Transportation Systems: Updated the descriptions of existing
    transportation systems, including new language to address traffic conditions on
    Kamehameha Highway (such as at Laniakea); the desire to maintain Kamehameha
    Highway as a two-lane highway; the need for secondary and emergency vehicular
    access to the region; and the development of a multi-modal transportation network
    with improved mobility and connectivity and reduced automobile dependency. New
    policies and guidelines call for Farrington Highway as a two-lane thoroughfare,
    convenient and safe transportation alternatives, transportation demand management
    strategies, and the development of secondary/emergency access routes (possible
    use of Drum Road and former agricultural roads).

   Justification: Proposed revisions ensure that transportation system improvements
   are consistent with the region’s rural character and rural lifestyle, while maintaining
   safe conditions and an efficient opportunity for mobility within the region.

19. Section 4.3 Wastewater Treatment: Incorporated the ongoing North Shore Regional
    Wastewater Alternatives Plan, and the community’s position supporting alternative
    wastewater technologies reflective of the community’s character and value.

   Justification: Proposed revisions ensure that wastewater systems are consistent with
   the region’s rural character, and that such systems are not sized to enable
   significant additional growth.



Summary of Major Revisions                                                    Page 6 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft
20. Section 4.6 Drainage Systems: New guidelines to develop a Waialua watershed
    drainage master plan, relocate existing structures in floodprone areas, and support
    additional public outreach.

   Justification: Proposed revisions reflect current conditions.
Chapter 5: Implementation

21. Deleted Section 5.6.2 Relation to General Plan Population Guidelines and Section
    5.6.3 Review and Revision of Development Codes that appeared in the 2000 NS
    SCP.

   Justification: This was deleted per DPP instruction.

22. Added new Section 5.7 Implementation Matrix.

   Justification: The purpose of the matrix is to identify all the implementation actions
   suggested in the Guidelines found in Chapters 3 and 4. The matrix identifies: (1) the
   implementation actions as described in the guidelines; (2) the implementation
   timeframe (short-term or mid/long-term); (3) whether implementation of the action is
   through regulatory enforcement or execution of a specific action/program; (4) the
   specific functional plans, regulatory codes or other actions that would be needed for
   implementation; and (5) the public/private entities responsible for implementing the
   action. In addition to prioritizing actions and agency responsibilities, the matrix can
   also be used as a tool to assess the effectiveness of the SCP during the next five-
   year review.


Appendix A: Open Space, Land Use and Public Facilities Maps

23. Added discussion of Important Agricultural Lands/Act 183, 2005.

   Justification: With the passing of Act 183 in 2005, the State Legislature provided
   funding for the State Department of Agriculture and its stakeholders to identify
   incentives for IAL. The second step in the IAL process is for the Legislature to fund
   the Counties’ efforts to map potential IAL.

24. Updated boundary descriptions to reflect DPP’s decision to replace the Rural
    Community, Preservation and Agricultural Boundaries with a Rural Boundary for
    consistency with other DPs/SCPs Rural Boundary

25. The Open Space, Land Use, and Public Facilities Maps have been revised as
    follows:

   •   Pūpūkea-Paumalū: Rural Residential and Rural designations changed to
       Agriculture. Rural Boundary also adjusted according to the land use designation.


Summary of Major Revisions                                                  Page 7 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft
       Justification: The proposed amendments reflect the State and County acquisition
       of the former Lihi Lani property, and the subsequent downzoning of the property
       to AG-2 General Agricultural. The proposed amendments are consistent with the
       existing State Agricultural District designation and the State and County Plans to
       preserve the property for open space, natural area and future park land.

   •   Kealia Point at Mokulē‘ia: Park designation changed to Agriculture, per the
       landowners’ amendment request.

       Justification: The proposed amendment was requested by the landowner, Kealia
       Point, LLC (see Appendix G for SCP Amendment Application). If the proposed
       amendment is accepted, the landowner plans to seek a zone change from P-2
       General Preservation to AG-2 General Agriculture, with the intent of constructing
       a farm dwelling and returning the lands to agricultural use (including grazing for
       horses and cattle). The proposed amendment is consistent with the existing
       State Agricultural District designation and the historic use of the property for
       livestock grazing. The Mokulē‘ia Community Association reviewed and approved
       the proposal at their February 2008 meeting.




Summary of Major Revisions                                                 Page 8 of 8
North Shore Sustainable Communities Plan Public Review Draft

				
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