Land Rover Discovery 3 and the Environment Global warming is a problem – one thing most scientists and critics do agree on. What causes it, however, is where the disputes arise. Hopefully, this fact sheet will enlighten you to some truths and facts regarding your Land Rover and its footprint on the environment. The recent media bombardment of anti-4x4 propaganda has urged me to put together this summary. • Firstly and predominantly, an issue that needs addressed is the “huge carbon dioxides emitted by 4x4s”. Mankind is responsible for only 3.5% of total global carbon cycle CO2 emissions, and cars are responsible for only one- seventh of that 3.5%. This amounts to just 0.5% of total emissions. If every car disappeared from the surface of the Earth overnight, there would be no measurable drop in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and absolutely no impact whatsoever on climate change. Given the average figure for 4x4s sold annually, 4x4s are responsible for just 0.28% of carbon dioxide emissions. • Fuel economy is the second issue I think is vital to address. The average fuel economy for the Discovery 3 TDV6 is 30mpg. According to real-life figures from owners on the Discovery 3 online forum (www.disco3.co.uk), driven carefully will return between 30-35mpg whilst driving vigorously will likely return between (approximately) 20-30 mpg. Given the cars weight (2718kg) and breadth of capabilities – this is in fact very efficient. • Whilst 4x4 are seen to be ‘gas guzzling’ – the average fuel economy of the Land Rover brand is 30 mpg – considerably higher than many sports cars, executive and luxury cars, people-carriers and large estate cars – all of which are equal in number. o To back up this point, here are some examples (I have chosen equally priced/specced alternative vehicles): ! Alfa Romeo 159 2.2 – 29.7 mpg ! Audi A6 2.4 V6 – 29.1 mpg ! BMW 540i – 26.9 mpg ! BMW 330i Touring – 32.5 mpg ! Cadillac CTS 2.8 – 24.1 mpg ! Chrysler 300C 3.5 V6 – 25.7 mpg ! Citroen C5 Estate VTR – 33.6 mpg ! Ford Mondeo 2.5i V6 – 27.7 mpg ! Ford Galaxy 2.0 – 34.5 mpg ! Honda Accord Tourer 2.4 – 29.1 mpg ! Jaguar S-type 3.0 V6 – 26.2 mpg ! Lexus GS300 – 28.8 mpg ! Mercedes-Benz E280 CDi – 28.2 mpg ! Mercedes-Benz SLK55 – 23.5 mpg ! Mini Cooper S Convertible – 32.5 mpg ! Mitsubishi Evo – 20.5 mpg ! Peugeot 407 3.0 – 28.8 mpg ! Porsche Boxster S – 26.6 mpg ! Renault Laguna 2.2 dCi – 36.7 mpg ! Renault Espace 2.0 – 29.1 mpg ! Saab 9-5 Aero – 31.7 mpg ! Seat Alhambra 2.0 – 29.1 mpg ! Skoda Octavia vRS – 36.2 mpg ! Subaru Impreza WRX – 27.4 mpg ! Vauxhall Vectra Estate 2.8 – 27.2 mpg ! VW Passat 4motion – 28.0 mpg ! VW Sharan 2.0 – 29.1 mpg ! Volvo V70 2.4 – 29.7 mpg ! Volvo S80 3.2 – 28.8 mpg Those marked in green have a lower average fuel consumption than the Discovery 3. And there are not many. The Disco3 outperforms all but a handful of these family cars, estate cars, people-carriers and sports ‘minis. • The next point I feel deserves attention is the overall dust-to-dust energy usage of vehicles. Here are some quotes from What Car? Magazine: o “"Fuel efficiency is only a small part of the total energy needed to design, develop, produce, drive and dispose of a vehicle. In fact, some of the less fuel-efficient vehicles actually have extremely good "dust to dust" energy consumption. Conversely, some hybrids are inferior in total energy demands while offering high fuel-efficiency.” o "Choosing a car based on fuel economy or vehicle size doesn't get to the heart of energy usage." The main points portrayed in this investigation revealed the following brief points: o Dust-to-dust; Land Rover (and other 4x4s) come out on top of small cars and less pollutant cars (eg. Toyota Prius). o Cars such as the Prius requires more energy in production, more £ worth of steel in production (and this unconventional steel is harder to recycle at the end of it's life), it also has to be shipped over from Japan which uses a lot of energy and natural resources (Land Rover's are locally built to us - no shipping required). o Hybrids also show up poorly in overall "greenness" due to the disposal and replacement of high-energy-use items such as the batteries and electric motors and lighter-weight materials used in construction. o The following shows the car's Dust-to-dust cost per mile: ! Land Rover Freelander - £1.05 ! Land Rover Range Rover Sport - £1.51 ! Land Rover Discovery - £1.56 ! Toyota Prius - £2.03 o It should also be noted that it is estimated that 70% of all Land Rovers built are still on the go today. • The next issue I will address is the ‘size’ argument. Many say that 4x4s are far too big to be driven in cities. The following table should help put things into perspective (remember – the anti-4x4 lobby are always urging 4x4 drivers to change to people-carriers, and the truth is that they are as big if not bigger.) o Whilst being taller than other models, the most popular 4x4s are in fact narrower and shorter than the average saloon car. The best selling 4x4 on the market, the Honda CR-V, is shorter and narrower than a Mondeo and a Passat. o Also, the Discovery 3 features a seven-seat configuration, whilst its equally-pollutant executive cousins are best suited for 4 or 5. o Land Rover research found that 53% of Discovery owners regularly carry three of more passengers in the back. • Next up – safety. Some have begun to argue the nonsensical notion that 4x4s are not as safe as they are made out to be. So, to set the facts straight: o 4x4s are inherently safer vehicles than ‘normal’ cars and are increasingly packed with technology making them even safer. o DfT and Government Office statistics reveal that the safest group of vehicles on the road in terms of deaths and injuries are 4x4s. o The elevated driving position of Land Rovers and other 4x4s mean that a much improved view of traffic around is given, which is the most crucial accident avoidance measure of all. o 4wd cars are safer in poor road conditions, such as ice or rain. o 4x4s typically have lower insurance grouping than similarly priced saloons indicating a better safety record. o A 2006 government report analysed the effect on casualties in a two-car impact of travelling in different types of cars. Results confirmed that risk of serious injury or death was about half as great for 4x4 occupants as for those in smaller cars. o The Discovery 3 is kitted with an active anti-rollover system designed to make cornering safer. • Land Rovers recent investment in the independent environmental organisation Climatecare also shows dedication and reduced impact Land Rovers have on the environment. The recent carbon offset scheme is a £1 billion pound project by Land Rover and is thought through by the 3000 engineers in Land Rovers HQ in Gaydon. In its pilot period, it is set to offset the equivalent CO2 produced by 125,000 average homes. • The scheme is run independently of Land Rover and all aspects of the scheme's administration and implementation is overseen by a Governance Committee. Every new Land Rover from the 2007 model year is included in the scheme. Some details on the group are given below: o The offset scheme is run by Climate Care and a Board of Governance oversees it. This is led by Sir Crispin Tickell who is a former government adviser and diplomat. Also on board are Professor Diana Liverman, director of the Environmental Change Institute at Oxford; Dr Sally Uren, the director of the Business Programme at the sustainable development charity, Forum For The Future and Alan Knight, government adviser and former director of environment policy at B&Q. o The Governance meets every four months to ensure due diligence is exercised throughout the offset process to make certain it is accountable, efficient and transparent. • Finally, I wish to conclude my points with some general statement further proving Land Rovers contribution to caring for the planet and reducing CO2 emissions. o Land Rover sponsors the Born Free Foundation. o Land Rover is greatly involved in the British Army. o Land Rover sponsor Earthwatch, the international environmental charity. o Land Rover is partnered with the Royal Geographical Society. o Land Rover sponsors the China Exploration and Research Society. o Land Rover is partnered with Biosphere Expeditions. o Land Rover supply a quarter of the global aid agency market and the vehicles are utilised by emergency services, police, ambulance and mountain rescue teams across the country and worldwide. o Ninety-nine point six per cent of Discovery 3 sales in the UK are diesel derivatives with a CO2 level of 249 g/km – that's on a par with many petrol family saloons and hot hatches. And Discovery 3 is a full seven seater o Since 1997, Land Rover have reduced their overall emissions from Solihull by 30%. o Land Rover is developing a hybrid powertrain which will figure prominently in Land Rover's future, working along with petrol and diesel engines. They are also planning for the engines to be bio-ethanol and bio-diesel complaint. This information comes directly from an interview with Land Rover's new Design Director, Gerry McGovern. Bibliography: o The future of Range Rover, Discovery and other Land Rover models are expected to be tweaked with lightweight aluminium 4x4prejudice.org DISCO3.co.uk material to improve efficiency and reduce fuel consumption. Ford Media o 95% of Land Rover sales are diesels – giving roughly 30% Land Rover UK SMMT UK increases in fuel economy. The Sunday Times What Car? Various other Google results etc.