LINUX QUICK REFERENCE WALLCHART THE ESSENTIAL READ FOR ALL LINUX USERS
DIRECTORY TREE SHORTCUT KEYS
The root directory Desktop Konqueror Show note Ctrl+F1
is where all other
directories are Get help F1 Decrease font size Ctrl+- Show style window F11
mounted Hide all windows Ctrl+Alt+D Duplicate window Ctrl+D Spellcheck F7
Run an application Alt+F2 Full-screen mode Ctrl+Shift+F Start slide show F9
Switch between windows Alt+Tab Increase font size Ctrl++ Thesaurus Ctrl+F7
New tab Ctrl+Shift+N Toggle navigator F5
Firefox New window Ctrl+N Update all ﬁelds F9
Add bookmark Ctrl+D Open location Ctrl+O
Complete address Ctrl+Enter Go up a directory Alt+Up Vim
Decrease text size Ctrl+- View source Ctrl+U Delete line dd
Full-screen mode F11 Delete word dw
Increase text size Ctrl++ OpenOfﬁce.org Enter Append mode a
/bin /etc /home /mnt /root /sbin /usr /var New tab Ctrl+T Create new style Shift+F1 1 Enter Edit mode e
This contains all This contains This contains the This contains This contains the This contains This contains This primarily
the core configuration personal files and mounted files and settings built-in programs third-party contains log data New window Ctrl+N Duplicate element Shift+F3 Exit all modes Esc
Linux programs information for settings of each of filesystems such as for the root user usually meant software and and process Reload/Refresh F5 Fill text to frame Ctrl+Shift+F8 Find forwards /
the system your users CD-ROMs and for root extra files information
USB sticks Type search Ctrl+K Outline view F12 Save :w
Type URL Ctrl+L Recalculate formulas F9 Quit :q
COMMON CONSOLE COMMANDS
/etc/init.d /home/mary /home/paul /usr/bin /usr/include /usr/share /usr/src /var/run
This contains This contains user This contains user This contains This contains This contains This contains This contains PID apropos searches manual pages for less allows you to read through long ﬁles php launches PHP command line.
start-up data and files for data and files for third-party programming code shared application uncompiled source programs that
information about the user ‘mary’ the user ‘paul’ programs not part for people data, such as icons programs for stop programs matching words, eg apropos directory. with the cursor keys, eg less /etc/passwd. python Python CLI.
which services of the basic OS, compiling their and wallpaper Linux files from running at allows you to schedule a command to ln creates links (shortcuts) to ﬁles reboot restarts the computer.
to run such as Firefox own software multiple times
run later on, when no one is around. locate quick ﬁle ﬁnder, eg locate myﬁle. startx starts the X Window System.
bash the command-line interpreter. ls lists current directory contents. Popular sudo executes a command as root, then
cat prints contents of a ﬁle. parameters are -l and -sh. returns to normal user (safer than su)
cd changes directory, eg cd /home. lynx command-line web browser. su switches user. With no parameters this
PROGRAM FINDER WHERE TO GET HELP clear clears the screen. man manual page display program, eg switches to root, but you can also specify a
cp copies ﬁles, eg cp a.txt /var/foo/b.txt. man gcc loads the GCC manual page. user name, eg su andrew.
CD burner Arson, GnomeBaker, K3b www.linuxformat.co.uk The ofﬁcial Linux Format
date prints current date and time. mount prepares a device for reading. tail prints the last few lines of a ﬁle, eg
Chat Gabber, Gaim, Ekiga, Konversation, Kopete homepage has magazine reprints, active forums and
dir lists current directory contents. mv moves or renames ﬁles, eg mv tail -f /home/paul/someapp.log.
Database MySQL, PostgreSQL friendly people waiting to help. There’s also a helpful
open source wiki with HOWTOs and deﬁnitions. emacs launches the ultimate text editor. /home/paul/a.txt /home/mary/a.txt. tar creates and extracts tarballs. Use
Desktop publishing OpenOfﬁce.org Writer, Scribus
exit terminates current session. nethack the most popular text-only tar xfz my.tar.gz or tar xfj my.tar.bz2.
Email Evolution, KMail, Kontact
www.linuxquestions.org Got questions? Get answers! ﬁnd searches for ﬁles that match the name, adventure game for Linux. top lists processes currently running and
Media player Amarok, Helix, Kaffeine, Kino, MPlayer, size or attributes that you’re searching for. passwd changes your password. their CPU and RAM usage.
Rhythmbox, Totem, Xine, XMMS This is the most popular Linux help site on the internet,
covering topics of all difﬁculties. grep searches text for matching substring, ps lists all processes you’re running. unzip extracts .zip ﬁles, eg unzip my.zip.
Newsreader Mozilla News, Pan eg grep “hello” *.txt. rm deletes ﬁles and directories, eg vim easy-to-learn text editor. To get started,
Picture editor Gimp, Inkscape, Karbon14, KPaint halt switches the computer off. rm myﬁle.txt or rm -rf mydirectory. run vimtutor. See above for shortcut keys.
www.ubuntuforums.org Ubuntu is famed for its
Project planner Planner ifconﬁg prints conﬁguration details for your mkdir creates new directories, eg mkdir who lists everyone currently logged in.
well-organised, enthusiastic user and developer
Presentation maker KPresenter, OOo Impress network cards and bridges. mydir. Add -p to create several at once. whoami prints your username.
community, and this is the place to tap into it.
Programming Glade, KDevelop, Qt Designer
RSS reader Akregator, Blam, Liferea, RSSOwl www.tldp.org The Linux Documentation Project is a
Spreadsheet Gnumeric, KSpread, OOo Calc
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Terminal Gnome Terminal, Konsole Missed an issue? Our back issues team A subscription will give you savings over
walkthroughs on one online site.
Text editor Emacs, GEdit, Joe, Kate, KWrite, Vim LXF83 (September): 27th July might be able to save the day! At www. newsstand prices, and you’ll receive LXF
Web browser Firefox, Galeon, Konqueror, Mozilla LXF84 (October): 24th August linuxformat.co.uk, browse the Mag earlier than the shops too. Email
On your computer Use the man and info commands email@example.com
Web editor Blueﬁsh, Quanta Plus, Screem to read the documentation, or look for a Help menu. LXF85 (November): 21st September Archive list, then call 0870 8374722 and
LXF86 (December): 19th October quote LXFDB00XX, replacing XX with for information or go to the LXF page at
Word processor AbiWord, KWord, OOo Writer
LXF87 (Christmas): 16th November the issue number you want. www.myfavouritemagazines.co.uk.
LINUX is a trademark of Linus Torvalds. Ubuntu is a trademark of Canonical Limited.
LXFS07.wchart 2 3/7/06 19:06:14
THE ESSENTIAL READ FOR ALL LINUX USERS
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