6.01 The training of cadets in the safe use of firearms has been a unique element of the Australian
Defence Force Cadets (ADF Cadets) curriculum which has been influenced by the military traditions and
culture that are part of the organisation’s heritage.
6.02 The ADF Cadet Firearms Training Policy complies with the requirements of State and Territory
Firearms legislation. That policy meets the expectations of the community, members of the ADF
Cadets and the Australian Defence Force.
6.03 Firearms training in the ADF Cadets have two prime purposes.
a. The first purpose is to train cadets in the safe and competent handling of firearms to
a stage where they can confidently participate in live firing, and develop marksmanship
b. The second is to inspire pride, confidence and respect through participation in
ceremonial activities that accord with long standing Australian military traditions and
6.04 The aim of firearms training in the ADF Cadets is to enable its members to develop the
knowledge, skills and attitude to handle firearms in a safe and competent manner for both live firing and
Firearms Safety and Handling Training
6.05 Safety is the paramount consideration throughout the ADF Cadets Firearms Training Policy and
training programs implemented under that policy are required to reflect this strong focus.
6.06 Safety precautions contained in the relevant firearm training manuals are mandatory and are not to
be omitted or varied by any user, under any circumstance.
6.07 Cadets carrying firearms in any drill or ceremonial activity are to have been assessed as
competent in the safe handling of the firearm.
6.08 It is important to reinforce the dangers associated with firearms at every point that cadets have
access to real or innocuous firearms. Accordingly the Cadet Firearms Safety Warning is to be
administered to all cadets when involved in any training activity with real or innocuous firearms.
Firearms Safety and Risk Awareness
6.09 All cadets are to receive the Introduction to Firearms Safety and Risk Awareness presentation as
the first lesson prior to any exposure to innocuous or real firearms. A revision of safety procedure is to
occur at every level of the training program.
Access to Firearms
6.10 Under the ADF Cadets Firearms Training Policy, cadets have access to innocuous firearms for
approved ceremonial activities, and operational firearms for instruction on safe firearms handling and live
firing, under strictly controlled conditions.
6.11 A cadet is eligible to participate in firearms training when he/she:
a. volunteers for firearms training; and
b. has completed at least one year of cadet service and completed recruit training, or has
completed recruit training and has participated for at least a year as a member of a recognised
shooting club under the applicable State/Territory Legislation and is assessed as competent by
qualified ADF Cadet staff; and
c. displays an appropriate level of maturity as assessed by the unit commander;
d. is recommended by ADF Cadet staff; and
e. has written parental consent if a minor.
6.12 Participation in firearms training is not a prerequisite for attendance at promotion courses.
Suggested Training Progression
6.13 It is critical that the Cadet Firearms Safety Warning and basic firearms safety be emphasised from
the time a cadet first handles the innocuous F88 Austeyr (or any) firearm.
6.14 Where possible, personnel should participate in the WTSS training prior to being permitted to
participate in live firing practices using the F88 Austeyr.
6.15 Access to, and participation in, WTSS training does not preclude participation in live firing
practices using the F88 Austeyr.
Statement of Training Levels
6.16 The statement of training levels for cadets can be found at Annex A to Chapter 6 of Volume 3.
Use of Approved Simulators
6.17 In addition to using the WTSS, cadets may also use approved commercial simulators within unit
locations. These approved simulators are training aids aimed at improving the marksmanship skills of
firers. Simulators acquired are to be of a type approved by the ADF Cadet Firearms Training Working
6.18 Carriage of firearms on ceremonial activities in public places is limited to the following:
a. colo ur party escorts,
b. catafalque parties, and
c. guards of honour and ceremonial parades on a parade ground (including public areas
being used as a parade ground for the purpose of the activity)
6.19 The carriage of firearms in public marches through the streets suc h as regional festivals and
processions is prohibited, except as provided for in para 6.16 above.
6.20 Cadets carrying firearms in any drill or ceremonial activity are to have been assessed as competent
in the safe handling of the firearm.
6.21 All activities requiring the carriage of firearms in public are to be an approved activity. Cadet unit
locations are not defined as public places.
6.22 Use of Service firearms in relation to ADF Cadet firearms training is limited to the .22 Bolt
Action Target Rifle (Cadet) (BATR(C)), F88T and F88.
Prohibited Firearms Training
6.23 The following firearms training and activities are prohibited; non-Service firearms, (except as
provided for in para 6.24)
a. firing of handguns,
b. automatic firing of F88,
c. using bayonets,
d. participation in paintball and laser war-gaming activities, and
e. engagement of animal/human shaped targets
Use of Personal Firearms
6.24 Single Service Corps Commanders may authorise the use of personal target rifles by individuals
participating in representative Service and Cadet shooting competitions, under supervision, and who are
licensed to use the rifle in the State and Territory in the event in which competition is to take place, these
firearms may not be stored at Cadet units.
6.25 ADF Cadet Personnel must have completed the necessary training and testing to be qualified to
handle and operate Service firearms in accordance with Defence and single service policy and doctrine
before they can be granted range qualifications to conduct range practices using Service firearms.
6.26 ADF personnel and Officers of Cadets (OOC)/ Instructors of Cadets (IOC) who hold ADF range
qualifications, retain those qualifications in accordance with parent Service regulations. Personnel who
hold an ADF Senior Range Instructor qualification, are deemed to remain competent for the period of
their ADF Service life.
6.27 OOC /IOC range qualifications may be awarded in accordance with Defence and single service
policy and doctrine.
6.28 OOC/IOC who hold civilian qualifications as OIC Practice (commonly termed a Range Officer)
for the conduct of bolt action rifle practices, issued in accordance with State/Territory firearms
legislation, may have their qualifications recognised for the conduct of .22 range practices once deemed
6.29 Civilian instruc tors, range officials or coaches, qualified in accordance with State/Territory
firearms legislation, may be employed as safety supervisors during live firing on civilian ranges. To
transfer these qualifications to defence ranges they must be deemed competent in accordance with
Defence and single service policy and doctrine.
6.30 ADF Cadet members (both staff and cadets) wishing to participate in live firing practices must
undergo the relevant training and pass the applicable tests of competency in accordance with Defence and
single service policy and doctrine.
6.31 Instructors and supervisors must have been trained, qualified and demonstrate current competency
in the following subjects prior to instructing cadets in these areas:
a. firearms safety and ha ndling;
b. firearms security; and
c. supervision of live firing, applicable to their rank.
6.32 Instructors on firearms courses must be members of the ADF or ADF Cadet staff, qualified in
accordance with Defence and single service policy and doctrine.
6.33 Current competency is defined, as a minimum, as meeting the performance requirements of the
applicable Training Management Package:
a. for firearms handling, every year; and/or
b. for range supervision, every three years, except where specified in paragraph 6.26
6.34 Safety supervision is to be in accordance with Defence and single service policy and doctrine.
6.35 Only ranges approved by Defence can be used for the firing of Service firearms. The .22
BATR(C) is a Service firearm. Ranges must be inspected and approved by DTAM in accordance with
6.36 All live firing is to be conducted in accordance with the Range Standing Orders.
6.37 Cadets may complete coaching courses in accordance with Training Progression Policy and apply
that skill on live firing ranges as follows:
a. Service Firearms. Defence Small Arms Coaching Course using the F88/F88T/WTSS.
b. BATR(C). Level 1 coaching accreditation for bolt action rifles awarded after compliance
with the Australian Shooting Association/Australian Coaching Council accreditation
guidelines. Personnel who have completed this course are also qualified to be safety
supervisors for BATR(C) practices.
Record of Training
6.38 All personnel are to maintain a record of firearms training completed. This record must be
presented to the OIC each time an ADFC member attends firearms training or range practices, and details
of the activity recorded.
6.39 Personnel qualified as OIC Practice and/or Safety Supervisor are to maintain a log book of the
hours completed when performing these duties as detailed in Defence and single service policy and
Security of Firearms
6.40 Storage and transportation of Service firearms used by ADF Cadet members is to be in accordance
with ADF Cadet Firearms Training Manual (Extracted from Defence Security Manual).
Access to Firearms and Ammunition by Cadets
6.41 Security and control of firearms and ammunition (live and innocuous) is to be closely managed by
OOC and IOC, in accordance with the relevant sections of the Defence Security Manual and ADF Cadet
Firearms Security Standing Orders. Firearms and ammunition are only to be issued (under signature from
secure containers) to OOC / IOC. Under no circumstance are cadets permitted to receive delegation for
security control of firearms or ammunition.
6.42 Access to live firearms and ammunition by cadets is to be under close supervision by OOC / IOC
and is permitted only within the confines of the firing range or firearms handling training area.
6.43 Only ADF approved ammunition is to be fired in the F88/F88T and BATR(C). It is to be
demanded for and acquitted in accordance with current Service ammunition handling procedures.
6.44 Under no account is ammunition to be stored directly with firearms, or left unattended.
6.45 Only ADF Cadet target types are to be used. Under no circumstances are targets used by cadets
during firearms training to depict human or animal figures.
6.46 An ADF Cadet Skill at Arms Meeting (ADFCSAM) is accepted as an extension of the ADF Cadet
Firearms Training Policy. A schedule of competitions, both single and tri-service is to be planned and
detailed in the ADF Cadet Events Program.
6.47 The sponsor of this policy is DGCadets. Proposals for amendment to this policy are to be
submitted to the Directorate of Defence Force Cadets (DDFC) for consideration by the ADF Cadet
Firearms Training Working Group (FATWG), before submission to the ADF Cadet Committee, chaired
by the DGCadets. The ADF Cadet FATWG membership is made up of a representative from each corps,
the single services, the DDFC and is chaired by the National Commander AAC. The DDFC will provide
6.48 Cadet Corps National Commanders have responsibility for the implementation of the ADF Cadet
Firearms Training Policy and are accountable to their Service Chief for ensuring compliance with the
6.49 The ADF Cadet FATWG is responsible to the ADFC Committee to produce outcomes as
prescribed by the ADF Cadet Committee that relate to the development, implementation and review of
the Firearms Training Policy, and to provide technical advice as required.
6.50 Service Chiefs are responsible for endorsing the Firearms Training Policy, monitoring its
implementation, and identifying the Defence resources that will be available for the implementation of the
6.51 Any proposed changes are to be staffed through the service chiefs, via the ADF Cadet Steering
Group, and presented to the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence, for approval.
Implementation of this policy is to be managed by the National Commanders.
6.52 ADF Cadet Firearms Policy is to be reviewed annually by the ADF Cadet FATWG.
Annex A to
STATEMENT OF TRAINING LEVELS FOR CADETS
Level of Cadet Firearms Training Outcome
Recruit/Basic TL 1 • Nil N/A
Intermediate TL 2 • Introduction to firearms safety and • The cadet will develop
risk awareness. competency to handle and
• Introduction to innocuous firearms operate a firearm safely.
preceding drill with arms instruction. • Using approved ADFC
• Introduction to safe handling and live targets.
firing using firearms up to .22 inch
calibre, and/or WTSS.
• Before actually handling firearms,
participants are to have completed
introductory theory training in
firearms safety and handling.
Advanced TL 3 • Review of firearms safety and risk • The cadet will develop
awareness. marksmanship competency.
• F88 qualification and marksmanship • The cadet will develop
training to LF 3. coaching and safety
• Bolt action rifle continuation. supervisory competency.
• WTSS continuation LF 1-6. • Using approved ADFC
• Bolt action rifle coaching and safety targets.
Advanced TL 4 • Review of firearms safety and risk • The cadet will consolidate
Plus awareness. marksmanship competency
• F88 marksmanship training to LF 6. and develop additional skills
• WTSS continuation. • The cadet will consolidate
• Bolt action rifle continuation. coaching competency and
• Bolt action rifle coaching develop additional coaching
continuation and safety supervision. skills
• F88 coaching. • Using approved ADFC