Talking about Achievement Gaps and NCLB Strategies, Tools, and Tips by theslasher

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									Talking about Achievement
      Gaps and NCLB
   Strategies, Tools, and Tips
                                              The First Education
                                              Trust-West




                                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                              Conference

                                              San Diego, CA
                                              February 22-24, 2004


  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
 Proactive Communication Is
          Essential

How you talk about the achievement
 gap, disaggregated data and the new
 public reporting requirements will
 have a profound impact on student




                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 achievement.




   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
“Without the possibility of action,
   all knowledge comes to one
labeled „file and forget,‟ and I can
      neither file nor forget.”




                                                                    2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                  -- Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man



  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
              Five Big Strategies
1.  Talk about disaggregated data and achievement
    gaps proactively, clearly, and frankly
2 . Use data to dispel the destructive myths about
    the gaps and the belief that “there’s nothing
    schools can do” about them
3. Convey a concrete vision of what you will do,
    and what you expect other educators to do –




                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    and NOT do – about low achievement and gaps
4. Describe NCLB and state goals for achievement
    in terms of an “everybody wins” scenario
5. Dispel myths about how long it takes to get
    results and the possible pace of improvement

     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
1. Talk About Group Scores
   and Achievement Gaps
     Clearly and Frankly




                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
The First Education Trust-West Conference
February 23, 2004
      Recognize the Concerns
   Group data, especially race data, can initially
    make many people uncomfortable
   Many don’t understand why it’s necessary to
    separate scores by race and poverty
   There are a number of myths and some




                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    legitimate concerns about consequences of
    releasing disaggregated test scores, e.g.:
    – “disaggregation means segregation”
    – fear that it will reinforce negative group
       stereotypes

     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
Tip: Communicate Why You Believe
Publishing Group Data is Necessary

 Focusing on averages has allowed too many
  kids to fall through the cracks unnoticed.
 Allows us to figure out how well our
  school/district/state is doing IF we really




                                                    2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  believe all kids can and should learn.
 Appeals to the public‟s sense of moral
  responsibility. (“It‟s the right thing to do.”)

    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
“It [dissagregated data] will encourage
schools to focus their efforts and look at
data to determine which groups are low and
target their efforts.”




                                                   2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
          – Liz Talbot, special programs
coordinator with the San Benito County Office of
Education, Hollister Free Lance (CA), 4/30/03



 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
“Each of our teams probably thought they
knew what the trends [in student
achievement] were. But when some of the
teams looked at our data, it wasn't
necessarily what they thought it was. And
that was good.”




                                                           2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
             – Kim Von Stein, a reading resource teacher
in a high-poverty school, Washington Post, 5/18/03




  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
“Every school in the district needs to look at student
  performance and ask, „Who's not achieving? Why
  not? And what are we going to do about it?‟"




                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
     – Ken James, Fayette County Schools Superintendent
  (KY), Lexington Herald-Leader, 8/14/03




    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
"You look at the numbers and you see this huge
division. It's clearly not a random glitch.
Something is seriously wrong. Nobody wants to
talk about race. Nobody wants to talk about
failing. But guess what? Kids are failing. And if
you look at the scores, it's very much about race."




                                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
            -- Rob Howard, president of the North County
branch of the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People, North County Times, 5/25/03



  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
Tip: Be Up Front about How NCLB
 Redefines What It Takes to Be a
“Good Enough” School or District




                                              2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
A New Definition of “Good Enough”
    What makes for a “good school”?
    What makes for a “good district”?
                      Academic “Bragging Rights”
          In                   So Five Minutes Ago              Out
                           Apologies to Entertainment Weekly…


It’s about all students:        It’s mostly about our    It’s mostly about our




                                                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
Are all students                average students:        “best and brightest”:
and all student groups          Is our average score     How many merit
making enough progress          above average? Is        scholars last year?
toward academic                 the average going        How many grads
proficiency? Are gaps           up by a few points       accepted to elite
between groups closing?         each year?               colleges last year?

       The First Education Trust-West Conference
       February 23, 2004
       Parents and the Public Support New
           Definition of “Good Enough”
          How concerned would you be about (the schools in your area/your
                  child's school) under the following circumstances?
         [Most of the students in the school(s) are meeting state standards but
75%                African American and Hispanic students are not.]


          60% 59%


                                                                         Concerned
50%
                                                                         Parents: 93%

                                     34%                                 Voters: 88%




                                                                                                                       2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                               28%                                                              Registered
                                                                                                Voters
25%
                                                                                                Parents



                                                                           7%
                                                     5%     4%                     4%

0%
         Very co ncerned   So mewhat co ncerned   No t so co ncerned   No t at all co ncerned


                                                         SOURCE: Business Roundtable Survey conducted by SDS (June 2003).

      The First Education Trust-West Conference
      February 23, 2004
         Abraham Lincoln Middle School
              Gainesville, Florida

           31% White
           59% African American
           57% Low Income




                                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
           An “A” school under the Florida
            accountability model (based on averages)
           Did not make AYP for 2002-03

Source: Florida Department of Education, http://web.fldoe.org.


                   The First Education Trust-West Conference
                   February 23, 2004
               Achievement Gaps at Lincoln
              Middle School: 2002-03 Reading

                                    100                         90
               Percent Proficient




                                                                           FL AYP Target= 31%
                                     80

                                     60            52




                                                                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                     40
                                                                             22          22
                                     20

                                      0
                                                   All        White        African       Low
                                                                           American    Income

Source: Florida Department of Education, http://web.fldoe.org

                               The First Education Trust-West Conference
                               February 23, 2004
                  Achievement Gaps at Lincoln
                  Middle School: 2002-03 Math
                                      100
                                                           88
                                                                    FL AYP Target= 38%
                 Percent Proficient




                                       80


                                       60
                                            48




                                                                                         2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                       40

                                                                       15          16
                                       20


                                        0

                                            All          White       African      Low
                                                                    American    Income

Source: Florida Department of Education, http://web.fldoe.org

                        The First Education Trust-West Conference
                        February 23, 2004
Tip: Lead by Example – Talk About
   Achievement Gaps Up Front

 Shows that it’s O.K. to openly and
  publicly discuss uncomfortable subjects
  like race and achievement.
 Categorically reject that this is about




                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  scapegoating kids or reinforcing group
  stereotypes.
 Provides a model for HOW to talk about
  disaggregated data and gaps.

    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
In some districts, for example, "it would appear
that a school was successful, but when you looked
closer, we discovered the system was failing
Hispanic, African American and other minority
children."




                                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                    -- Kevin Gordon, executive director of
the California Association of School Business Officials.
Associated Press, 8/16/03



  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
“We used to say, „Ten percent of our students are not
  succeeding; that‟s not too bad.‟ Now those 10
  percent are being put under a microscope. The
  focus now is on every single child.”




                                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                   – Christopher Spezialetti, Principal, Ernie
  Davis Elementary School, The New York Times, 11/10/02



    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
 Tip: Be Brutally Frank about How
       Serious the Gaps Are




                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
Tip: Use innovative ways to flesh out
what the test scores mean in terms
        of real achievement


    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
              U.S. Eighth Grade Math:
            NAEP Achievement By Group
               100%                  7                    11
                90%
                80%                                                              36
                                    32                                                   Proficient or
                70%                                       36
                                                                                         Advanced
                60%
                                                                                         Basic
                50%
                40%                                                              43
                30%                 61                                                   Below Basic




                                                                                                         2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                                          53
                20%
                10%                                                              21
                 0%
                               African                 Latino                  White
                              American
Source: US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Web site,
http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/


                   The First Education Trust-West Conference
                   February 23, 2004
 African American and Latino
  17 Year Olds Read at Same
 Levels as White 13 Year Olds
100%




                                                                                                   2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 0%
            150             200                250            300               350
       White 8th Graders                        African American 12th Graders
       Latino 12th Graders

                                           Source: Source: NAEP 1999 Long Term Trends Summary Tables (o

   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
                                  California: Black and Latino 4th
                                    Graders Read Below White 2nd
                                              Graders
                                  675
     CAT/6 reading score (2003)




                                                                                    648
                                  650
                                                                 638




                                                                                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                  625          621
                                                                                               614
                                                                                                           611


                                  600
                                           White 2nd         White 3rd          White 4th   Black 4th   Latino 4th
                                            Grade             Grade              Grade       Grade        Grade
Source: California Department of
                                                                       White        Black    Latino
Education
                                        The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                        February 23, 2004
                                 California: Black and Latino 11th
                                  Graders Score Only as High as
                                    White 6th Graders in Math
                                 725
       SAT-9 math score (2002)




                                                                                               715
                                                                                        711
                                                                             707
                                                                  699
                                 700
                                                      692
                                          688                                                                   689
                                                                                                        686


                                 675




                                                                                                                        2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                 650
                                        White       White       White       White     White   White    Black   Latino
                                         6th         7th         8th         9th       10th    11th     11th    11th
                                        Grade       Grade       Grade       Grade     Grade   Grade    Grade   Grade
Sources: CA Department of Education Web site,
http://www.eddataonline.com/CST2002/                                White           Black     Latino

                                       The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                       February 23, 2004
 Tip: Two Cardinal Rules for
Displaying Data … of Any Kind

 Keep       it simple.




                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 Tell    a clear story.



   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
Keep It Simple … This is NOT




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
Keep It Simple … Like This




                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
The First Education Trust-West Conference
February 23, 2004
Keep It Simple … Like This




                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
The First Education Trust-West Conference
February 23, 2004
              Five Big Strategies

1.   Talk about disaggregated data and achievement
     gaps proactively, clearly, and frankly
2.   Use data to dispel the destructive myths about
     the gaps and the belief that “there’s nothing
     schools can do” about them




                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
2. Use Data to Dispel the Belief
 that “There‟s Nothing Schools
   Can Do about the Gaps” …




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
Recognize the Concerns/Myths about
        Achievement Gaps

  Kids come from poor neighborhoods
  Poor/minority kids have hard lives that
   prevent them from learning
  Peer cultures discourage kids from wanting




                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   to learn and/or working hard in school
  Parents don‟t care, aren‟t involved, are
   uneducated, don‟t have time to check
   homework, don‟t read to kids at night
     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
         Tip: Acknowledge Your
           “Opportunity Gaps”

 Low Expectations
 Watered down curriculum
 Teacher Quality




                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
Talking about Expectations in
          California

“Quite frankly, we are not living up to our
obligation to educate all of our high school
students the best we possibly can. Our
students are being deprived of opportunities




                                                        2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
because of low expectations. . .”

    -- California State Schools Chief Jack O'Connell,
Contra Costa Times, 2/12/04

  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
           Acknowledge Your
         “Teacher Quality Gaps”

   Teacher Quality: Low-income and minority
    students are far more likely to be assigned
    to under-qualified teachers.




                                                  2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
California‟s Teacher Quality Gap

“The number of under-qualified public school
teachers in California dropped in 2002-03, but the
teaching ranks are not improving fast enough to
ensure that every student will be taught by a




                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
credentialed, experienced educator in the near
future”
           -- Sacramento Bee, 12/3/03



  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
   High School Math Classes Where Teacher
   Not Certified in Math, by Student Poverty
                     Level
                              60%
                                                                                43%                                44%
               % of Classes




                              40%
                                              27%




                                                                                                                                                  2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                              20%



                              0%
                                            Low                            Middle                               High
                                                                          Poverty
Source: The Education Trust and Dr. Richard M. Ingersoll‟s analysis of the federal 1999-2000 Schools And Staffing Survey (SASS) database, 2002.


                 The First Education Trust-West Conference
                 February 23, 2004
CA Middle School Math Classes Where Teacher Has No
         Major OR Minor In Field, by Income




                          100%                                                                                 91.2%
                                                                             82.3%
                          80%
           % of Classes




                          60%




                                                                                                                                                  2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                          40%              37.1%


                          20%

                           0%
                                          Low                            Middle                               High
                                                                         Poverty
Source: The Education Trust and Dr. Richard M. Ingersoll‟s analysis of the federal 1999-2000 Schools And Staffing Survey (SASS) database, 2002.


                 The First Education Trust-West Conference
                 February 23, 2004
                                   K-3 Teacher Credentials in California Schools with
                                     Different Proportions of Low-Income Students



                                  25
Percent Not Fully Credentialled




                                                                                                      Schools with 30%
                                                                                                      or more low-income
                                  20                                                                  students

                                  15                                                                  Schools with 17.5%
                                                                                                      to 29.9% low-




                                                                                                                           2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                                                                                      income students
                                  10
                                                                                                      Schools with 7.5%
                                  5                                                                   to 17.49% low-
                                                                                                      income students
                                  0                                                                   Schools with 7.49%
                                                                                                      or fewer low-
                                         1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99                              income students
                Source: Class size reduction in California: 1998-99 evaluation findings, 2000, CDE.


                                       The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                       February 23, 2004
California‟s Teacher Quality Gap


“This notion that, if you're a child from a low-
income area you're more likely to be taught by a
teacher who is not qualified, is something that
should not be acceptable in California."




                                                   2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
         -Assemblyman Darrell Steinberg, D-
Sacramento, Sacramento Bee, 12/3/03



  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
       “Raising the Roof” in
            California

  “Raising the Roof” is a unique resource
   which allows users to explore detailed
 achievement, teacher, and curriculum data




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
         about California Schools.




The First Education Trust-West Conference
February 23, 2004
                                         Tip: Use Scatterplots to Dispel
                                         the Myth that Achievement Is
                                          Perfectly Predictable by SES
                                                        Poverty vs. Achievement                                                                                          Poverty vs. Achievement
                                                  in Massachusetts Elementary Schools                                                                                 in Georgia Elementary Schools

                                        100                                                                                                                100




                                                                                                            Percent 4th Graders Meeting Standard in Math
                                         90                                                                                                                 90
Percent 4th Graders Passing Math MCAS




                                         80                                                                                                                 80

                                         70                                                                                                                 70

                                         60                                                                                                                 60




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                         50                                                                                                                 50

                                         40                                                                                                                 40

                                         30                                                                                                                 30

                                         20                                                                                                                 20

                                         10                                                                                                                 10

                                          0                                                                                                                  0
                                              0     10   20    30    40   50   60   70      80   90   100                                                        0   10   20    30    40   50   60   70      80   90   100
                                                              Percent Low-Income Students                                                                                      Percent Low-Income Students




                                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                              February 23, 2004
                                                  Poverty vs. Achievement
                                              in Kentucky Elementary Schools

                                   100
                                                                                                              Source: Education Trust
                                   90                                                                         analysis of data from
                                                                                                              National School-Level
Elementary Math Percentile Score




                                   80                                                                         State Assessment Score
                                                                                                              Database
                                   70                                                                         (www.schooldata.org).

                                   60

                                   50




                                                                                                                                        2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                   40

                                   30

                                   20

                                   10

                                     0
                                         0   10     20     30     40    50     60        70   80   90   100
                                             The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                                                   Percent FRPL
                                             February 23, 2004
                                                  Poverty vs. Achievement
                                              in Kentucky Elementary Schools

                                   100
                                                                                                              Source: Education Trust
                                    90                                                                        analysis of data from
                                                                                                              National School-Level
Elementary Math Percentile Score




                                    80                                                                        State Assessment Score
                                                                                                              Database
                                    70                                                                        (www.schooldata.org).

                                    60

                                    50




                                                                                                                                        2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                    40

                                    30

                                    20

                                    10

                                     0
                                         0    10    20     30     40     50     60       70   80   90   100
                                             The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                                                   Percent FRPL
                                             February 23, 2004
                                                  Poverty vs. Achievement
                                              in Kentucky Elementary Schools

                                   100
                                                                                                              Source: Education Trust
                                    90                                                                        analysis of data from
                                                                                                              National School-Level
Elementary Math Percentile Score




                                    80                                                                        State Assessment Score
                                                                                                              Database
                                    70                                                                        (www.schooldata.org).

                                    60

                                    50




                                                                                                                                        2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                    40

                                    30

                                    20

                                    10

                                     0
                                         0    10    20     30     40     50     60       70   80   90   100
                                             The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                                                   Percent FRPL
                                             February 23, 2004
Tip: Use “Frontier Data” and
1) Lists/Examples of High-Poverty/Minority
     Schools that Are High-Performing

 2) Lists/Examples of Schools that Are
High-Performing for a Particular Group of
               Students




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 3) Lists/Examples of Schools with High
Performance for All Groups & Small or No
          Gaps between Groups


 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
                                             Preliminary Analysis
                                                    from a
                                            State and Nationwide
                                                   Analysis




                                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                            Of High Flying Schools

                                                 (Available at
                                               www.edtrust.org)



The First Education Trust-West Conference
February 23, 2004
Dispelling the Myth Online,
      Version 2.0!!!!
Dispelling the Myth Online (Version 2.0), a
powerful school data website featuring
disaggregated data of the kind required by
No Child Left Behind.




                                              2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    (visit our cyber café to check it out)


 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
               Washington Elementary
                 Lynwood Unified

 90% Latino
 8% African American
 87% Socio-economically Disadvantaged*




                                                                                                         2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 57% Limited English
 Made AYP for 2002-03

    * Socio-economically Disadvantaged Reflects Enrollment on First Day of Testing

                                     Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov


        The First Education Trust-West Conference
        February 23, 2004
                                Achievement at Washington
                           2003 English Language Arts Composite

                          100
     Percent Proficient




                           80


                           60                            51
                                       45                                    45         44         42
                           40




                                                                                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                           20


                            0
                                        All           African               Latino   Low Income   Limited
                                                     American                                     English
                                                                      AYP Target= 13.6%
Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov


                                The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                February 23, 2004
                                  Achievement at Washington
                                    2003 Math Composite

                            100
       Percent Proficient




                             80
                                        57                                 57         57         56
                             60                          49

                             40




                                                                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                             20

                              0
                                        All            African            Latino   Low Income   Limited
                                                     American                                   English
                                                                    AYP Target= 16%
Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                              February 23, 2004
                   Long Beach Unified

  19% African American
  48% Latino
  17% White




                                                                                  2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  70% Socio-economically Disadvantaged*
  33% Limited English
  7% Students with Disabilities

* Socio-economically Disadvantaged Reflected Enrollment on First Day of Testing

         The First Education Trust-West Conference
         February 23, 2004
                              Improvement at Long Beach
                            English Language Arts Composite
                                      2002 to 2003

                                                                2002         2003
                     100


                      80
Percent Proficient




                                                                        62
                                                                   57
                      60




                                                                                                              2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                      40
                                 26                 25                              25        25
                            20                18                               18        18
                                                                                                        13
                      20                                                                            9

                       0

                            African           Latino               White        Low      Limited   Disabled
                           American                                            Income    English

         Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

                           The First Education Trust-West Conference
                           February 23, 2004
                       Improvement at Long Beach
                       Math Composite 2002 to 2003
                                                               2002           2003

                     100

                      80
Percent Proficient




                                                                 61
                                                            55
                      60




                                                                                                                                   2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                                    32                              32                 34
                      40
                                   25          24                              24                 26
                              20                                                                                          16
                      20                                                                                            12

                       0

                             African           Latino       White               Low             Limited           Disabled
                           American                                          Income             English
                                                               Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

                           The First Education Trust-West Conference
                           February 23, 2004
                   Garden Grove Unified

     51% Latino
     18% White
     28% Asian




                                                                                                                        2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
     63% Socio-economically Disadvantaged*
     53% Limited English
     10% Students with Disabilities
* Socio-economically Disadvantaged Reflects Enrollment on First Day of Testing

                                                    Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

            The First Education Trust-West Conference
            February 23, 2004
                      Improvement at Garden Grove
                     English Language Arts Composite
                               2002 to 2003
                                                            2002          2003
                     100
Percent Proficient




                      80

                                                    55            53
                      60
                                               45            43




                                                                                                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                      40                                                           30                31
                                    24                                       21                 22
                               16
                      20                                                                                                12
                                                                                                                    5
                       0

                               Latino          Asian         White             Low            Limited           Disabled
                                                                            Income             English
                                                                       Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

                           The First Education Trust-West Conference
                           February 23, 2004
                       Improvement at Garden Grove
                       Math Composite 2002 to 2003

                                                          2002          2003
                     100

                                                    72
Percent Proficient




                      80
                                               64
                                                                 57
                      60                                    47                     42                45




                                                                                                                                       2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                    33                                       33                 35
                      40
                               23
                                                                                                                        17
                      20                                                                                           10

                       0

                               Latino          Asian         White             Low             Limited           Disbaled
                                                                             Income             English
                                                                   Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

                           The First Education Trust-West Conference
                           February 23, 2004
              Five Big Strategies

1.   Talk about disaggregated data and achievement
     gaps proactively, clearly, and frankly
2.   Use data to dispel the destructive myths about
     the gaps and the belief that “there’s nothing
     schools can do” about them
3.   Convey a concrete vision of what you will do,




                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
     and what you expect other educators to do –
     and NOT do – about low achievement and gaps




     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
3. Convey a Concrete Vision
   of What You Will Do …




                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
The First Education Trust-West Conference
February 23, 2004
… and What You Expect Other
Educators to Do – and Not Do
      – about the Gaps




                                              2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
   Recognize the Concerns/Myths
 About What Schools & Districts Will
“Have to Do” to Close Test-Score Gaps

   “Teaching to the test”

   Ignoring non-tested subjects




                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   Encouraging older students to stay home on
    test day or drop out altogether

   Cheating on tests
     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
 Tip: Give Examples of Ethical and
Professionally Sound Responses to
             Gap Data




                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
Reaffirm that Teaching to Particular Test
 Items Is Not Educationally Sound in the
                Long Run
     Judith Langer, Beating the Odds: Teaching Middle and High School
     Students To Read and Write Well, Center on English Learning &
     Achievement (2001)

    Examined the methods of highly successful English teachers in
     high-performing schools, compared with teachers who had
     average levels of success.




                                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    The most successful teachers were far more likely to integrate the
     skills and knowledge that was to be tested into the larger ongoing
     curriculum.
    The less successful teachers were more likely to focus on test
     preparation skills and to treat the knowledge to be tested
     separate from the ongoing curriculum, the so-called “teaching to
     the test” approach.

       The First Education Trust-West Conference
       February 23, 2004
                            The Old Way
   Curriculum is left up to individual schools or teachers;
   Teachers “broadcast” the content – a kind of one-size
    fits all approach;
   Some students “get it” and some don’t;
   Teachers don’t exactly know which students are really
    getting it … and they couldn’t do much about those who




                                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    aren’t anyway.




    Much is left to chance.
      The First Education Trust-West Conference
      February 23, 2004
                           The New Way
   All teachers teach a common, coherent curriculum that
    clearly lays out what kids are supposed to have learned
    at each step of the way.
   Teachers use a variety of strategies to help students
    master a common set of knowledge and skills –
    individualized instruction;
   Teachers know which students aren’t getting it the first




                                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    time and which students are falling seriously behind;
   Teachers can tap into a variety of strategies for
    providing additional instruction to students who don’t
    get it the first time or who are falling seriously behind.


    Little is left to chance.
      The First Education Trust-West Conference
      February 23, 2004
Tip: Name and refute the “culture of
powerlessness” among educators by
          talking about:
   Building effective instructional systems that
    work for all – not just some – students




                                                    2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   “Roll up our sleeves” and engineer common-
    sense, practical solutions – big and small –
    to known instructional obstacles


      The First Education Trust-West Conference
      February 23, 2004
Example: Parents, Homework, and
 Practical Solutions to Problems
   Teachers say they are powerless because
    parents of poor kids can’t/won’t/don’t have
    time/don’t have capacity to make sure
    homework gets done.




                                                       2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   If we decide to keep using it, are there
    common-sense, practical solutions to this
    obstacle? (E.g., Extra time built into or around
    the school day.)


     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
    Tip: Offer examples of
  classroom teachers and
administrators who take bold
actions to close achievement




                                              2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
             gaps



  The First Education Trust-West Conference
  February 23, 2004
"If that's not happening at the home, it has to
  be explicitly taught in school."

  – Deputy Superintendent Christine M. Johns
    (Baltimore County) re: developing strong




                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    reading skills in students who arrive at school
    behind their more privileged peers, The
    Baltimore Sun, 6/9/03.


   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
“Medley said Christopher's kindergarten
  teacher has the patience and skills to teach
  him what she cannot. And she is grateful.
[…] „I'm not more equipped [than a teacher]
  to give him that head start.‟”




                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  – The Baltimore Sun, 6/9/03



    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
              Five Big Strategies
1.  Talk about disaggregated data and achievement
    gaps proactively, clearly, and frankly
2 . Use data to dispel the destructive myths about
    the gaps and the belief that “there’s nothing
    schools can do” about them
3. Convey a concrete vision of what you will do,
    and what you expect other educators to do –
    and NOT do – about low achievement and gaps




                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
4. Describe NCLB and state goals for
   achievement in terms of an
   “everybody wins” scenario


     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
4. Describe NCLB and State
    Goals in Terms of an
“Everybody Wins” Scenario




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
Recognize the Concerns/Myths
   Doesn’t Gap Closing Mean Holding
    White/Affluent/Gifted/High-Achieving
    Groups of Kids Down?

   Taking Resources Away from Them?




                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   Ignoring Them and Their Needs


     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
    Tip: Talk about Dual Goals for
         Student Achievement

   “We expect two things:
     1) That all groups of students improve, and,
     2) At the same time, that we accelerate the
       improvement of poor and minority




                                                    2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
       students.”




     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
Tip: Use Longitudinal Data from Your
  State or Elsewhere to Show What
    You Expect the Achievement
        Patterns to Look Like




                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
     Aldine, TX: Raising Achievement
       for All While Narrowing Gaps
                         100%
Passing TAAS math test




                         75%     72%


                                 55%
                         50%
                                 42%




                                                                                                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                         25%


                          0%
                                  1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

                                          African American                    Latino            White
                                           Source: Texas Education Agency-Academic Excellence Indicator System Report 1994 through 2001.

                          The First Education Trust-West Conference
                          February 23, 2004
            Aldine, TX: Raising Achievement
              for All While Narrowing Gaps
                         100%                                                                                           97%
                                                                                                                        96%
                                                                                                                        92%
Passing TAAS math test




                         75%     72%


                                 55%
                         50%
                                 42%




                                                                                                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                         25%


                          0%
                                  1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

                                          African American                    Latino            White
                                           Source: Texas Education Agency-Academic Excellence Indicator System Report 1994 through 2001.

                          The First Education Trust-West Conference
                          February 23, 2004
Tip: Use Data to Show That There‟s
Plenty of Room for Improvement for
             All Groups




                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
                           NAEP Proficiency Gap:
                             Grade 4 Reading
                      100
                       90
                       80
                       70                        61
                                                                             88
            Percent




                       60                                                                               86
                       50                                                                                                Proficient
                       40




                                                                                                                                      2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                       30                 39
                       20
                       10                                            12                          14
                        0
                                      White                       Black                      Latino

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress.


                       The First Education Trust-West Conference
                       February 23, 2004
                               California
                 2003 English Language Arts Composite

                            100
       Percent Proficient




                             80
                                                                              43                    45
                             60            63                76                                                79
                                                                      57
                                                                                         79
                                                                                               55




                                                                                                                    2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                             40

                                        37
                             20
                                                       24                           21                    21
                              0
                                         All          African       Asian          Latino     White       Low
                                                   American                                              Income
Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov

                                  The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                  February 23, 2004
                                                 California
                                            2003 Math Composite

                             100
        Percent Proficient




                              80                                               34
                                                                                                    46
                              60               61             78                         74
                                                                        66                                           74
                              40                                                                   54
                              20          39
                                                        22                          26                          26




                                                                                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                               0
                                                    an




                                                                                              te
                                                                                   no




                                                                                                           e
                                                                   an
                                      ll




                                                                                                            m
                                     A




                                                                                              hi
                                                  ic




                                                                                ti
                                                                 si




                                                                                                          co
                                                                                          W
                                                                               La
                                                er




                                                                A




                                                                                                        In
                                              m
                                             A




                                                                                                    w
                                                                                                   Lo
                                           an
                                        ic
                                      fr
                                     A




Source: California Department of Education, http://www.cde.ca.gov


                                   The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                   February 23, 2004
Tip: Emphasize that This Isn‟t About
Taking Anything Away from Anyone,
but Rather Making Sure All Students
   Get What They Need to Learn




                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
              Five Big Strategies
1.  Talk about disaggregated data and achievement
    gaps proactively, clearly, and frankly
2 . Use data to dispel the destructive myths about
    the gaps and the belief that “there’s nothing
    schools can do” about them
3. Convey a concrete vision of what you will do,
    and what you expect other educators to do –
    and NOT do – about low achievement and gaps




                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
4. Describe NCLB and state goals for achievement
    in terms of an “everybody wins” scenario
5. Dispel myths about how long it
   takes to get results and the
   possible pace of improvement
     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
 5. Dispel Myths about How
Long It Takes to Get Results
and the Pace of Improvement




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004
    Recognize the Concerns/Myths
   “Doesn’t it take XX years of school
    improvement efforts before you get any
    results?”

   “Isn’t the NCLB timeline way too short




                                                 2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    for schools to get poor and minority
    students to proficiency?


     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
        High Performing Districts
     Accomplish their Goals in a Short
             Amount of time

      They not only really believed that literally
      all children can learn, they decided that they
      could accomplish this in their districts and




                                                                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
      in the immediate future rather than in some
      distant, mythic future.”

Source: “Equity-Driven Achievement-Focused School Districts, Sept. 2000, The Charles A. Dana
Center, The University of Texas at Austin.

          The First Education Trust-West Conference
          February 23, 2004
Tip: Actively Rebut the “It Takes
     a Long Time to See Any
       Improvement” Myth




                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    The First Education Trust-West Conference
    February 23, 2004
                                            Gap Narrows in Virginia
Percent Passing 3rd Grade Math SOL




                                     100%
                                                                                                           85%                   87%
                                                                                          81%
                                                                     77%
                                     80%           73%
                                                                                                                                           22
                                                                                                                         65%
                                                                                                    59%
                                     60%
                                                            3345%                   49%
                                             40%
                                     40%




                                                                                                                                                2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                     20%

                                      0%
                                                1998              1999               2000              2001                  2002

                                                                     African American               White
                                                                                                Source: Virginia Department of Education Web site.

                                        The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                        February 23, 2004
                                                      Norview High School,
                                                           Norfolk, VA
                                         (1,560 students – 70% African American and Latino)
                                         100%                                                                 92%
          Passing state Algebra I test



                                                                                       90%          89%

                                                                     73%                                              78%
                                         75%


                                         50%
                                                40%
                                                      33%




                                                                                                                            2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                         25%


                                          0%
                                                    1998            1999               2000         2001      2002

                                                                    Norview High              State Average

Sources: Virginia Department of Education Web site, http://www.pen.k12.va.us/VDOE/Assessment/2002SOLpassrates.html.


                                           The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                           February 23, 2004
              MCAS English: Raising First-
             Time Pass Rates & Narrowing
                        Gaps
English Exit Exam on First Attempt



                                     100%                                                              94%
  % 10th Graders Passing MCAS




                                                                                 75%            73%
                                      75%                66%

                                                                                                                        2000
                                      50%                                40%
                                                   34%                                                                  2003




                                                                                                                                       2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                      25%


                                       0%
                                                    Latino               African                  White
                                                                        American
                                                                                  Source: Massachusetts Department of Education Web site.

                                     The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                     February 23, 2004
MA: Narrowing the High School
      Competency Gap
% Class of 2003 passing MCAS high



                                    100%                                                                                97%
                                                                                                                        80%
                                             77%                                                                        82%
                                    75%
         school exit exam




                                    50%

                                            30%




                                                                                                                                       2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                    25%

                                            7%
                                     0%
                                                10th            2nd               3rd            4th          Final Pass
                                               Grade          Attempt           Attempt        Attempt           Rate

                                        LEP         Students with Disabilities                  Regular Education
                                                                                  Source: Massachusetts Department of Education Web site.

                                    The First Education Trust-West Conference
                                    February 23, 2004
Tip: Provide Examples of Schools
  in your District that are Fast
            Improving




                                               2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
   The First Education Trust-West Conference
   February 23, 2004
          A Tale of Two Schools


Annandale Elementary Magnolia Street Elementary
 92% Latino          94% Latino
 92% low-income      95% low-income




                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
Both schools are in Los Angeles Unified School District


      The First Education Trust-West Conference
      February 23, 2004
                                    A Tale of Two Schools
4th grade SAT-9 math score   650



                             625



                             600       598
                                       595




                                                                                                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                             575
                                          1998                 1999                     2000                      2001

                                                      Annandale              Magnolia St.

                                                                   Source: Education Trust, Dispelling the Myth Online, www.edtrust.org


                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                              February 23, 2004
                                      A Tale of Two Schools
                             650
4th grade SAT-9 math score




                             625



                             600       598
                                                                                                                        594




                                                                                                                                          2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                       595


                             575
                                          1998                 1999                     2000                      2001

                                                      Annandale              Magnolia St.
                                                                   Source: Education Trust, Dispelling the Myth Online, www.edtrust.org

                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                              February 23, 2004
                                   A Tale of Two Schools
                             650
4th grade SAT-9 math score

                                                                                                                       640

                             625



                             600       598
                                                                                                                       594




                                                                                                                                         2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                       595


                             575
                                          1998                 1999                    2000                      2001

                                                      Annandale              Magnolia St.
                                                                      Source: Education Trust, Dispelling the Myth Online, www.edtrust.org

                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                              February 23, 2004
                                  A Tale of Two Schools
                        675
                                                                                                                658
2001 SAT-9 math score




                        650                                                                         640
                                                             620
                        625

                        600                        594




                                                                                                                                         2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                        575

                        550
                                            Magnolia St.                                      Annandale

                                                   Column 1           4th grade             5th grade
                                                                      Source: Education Trust, Dispelling the Myth Online, www.edtrust.org

                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                              February 23, 2004
                                  A Tale of Two Schools
                        675
                                                                                                                658
2001 SAT-9 math score




                        650                                                                         640
                                                             620                        621
                        625

                        600                        594




                                                                                                                                         2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
                                         573
                        575

                        550
                                            Magnolia St.                                      Annandale

                                                   3rd grade          4th grade             5th grade
                                                                      Source: Education Trust, Dispelling the Myth Online, www.edtrust.org

                              The First Education Trust-West Conference
                              February 23, 2004
              Five Big Strategies
1.  Talk about disaggregated data and achievement
    gaps proactively, clearly, and frankly
2 . Use data to dispel the destructive myths about
    the gaps and the belief that “there’s nothing
    schools can do” about them
3. Convey a concrete vision of what you will do,
    and what you expect other educators to do –




                                                     2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
    and NOT do – about low achievement and gaps
4. Describe NCLB and state goals for achievement
    in terms of an “everybody wins” scenario
5. Dispel myths about how long it takes to get
    results and the possible pace of improvement

     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
    Remember…what you say
        matters… a lot.
"There's no school in the state of California
  that meets the 100 percent proficient
  challenge. . . Those federal guidelines imply
  an extremely challenging and rigorous




                                                           2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
  standard . . . but one that state schools will
  work hard to meet”
                   -- Board President Reed Hastings, San
  Diego Tribune 1/9/03

     The First Education Trust-West Conference
     February 23, 2004
www.edtrust.org




                                             2004 by The Education Trust, Inc.
 The First Education Trust-West Conference
 February 23, 2004

								
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