Google Search Tips Advanced Features

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					                     Google Search Tips:
                     Advanced Features
                 By Robin Hartman, Associate Librarian
             Darling Library – Hope International University

           Adapted from “A Google Gambol” (Internet Librarian 2003)
           Greg Notess, Creator, Search Engine Showdown
           & Reference Librarian, Montana State University

           Updated by Bethany Ahlberg 8/2/07




8/2/2007
Advanced Features of Google
     Fill in the Blanks – “*”
     Diacritics
     Query modifiers
     GAPS (proximity search)




 8/2/2007
Fill in the Blanks – “*”




 8/2/2007
Fill in the Blanks – “*”


                        You can replace unknown
                       words with an asterisk - “*”.

                            Google returns results
                           substituting the “*” with
                            words most frequently
                            used in the context of
                                  the query.



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           Use “*” for:




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Possible Uses for “*”


                            Busted!


                 Searching out suspected plagiarism.




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Possible Uses for “*”


                        Including results with
                        common misspellings.

                        All spellings of a word
                             will be found.




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Possible Uses for “*”



                        Finding common variations.




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Fun with “*”



               Finding parodies.




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           Do not use “*” for:




8/2/2007
Fill in the Blanks – “*”


                                 Replacing a character.


                  If you try to use “*” to fill in a letter,
                           number, or symbol…

                                 …Google will treat the
                                characters on either side
                                 of the “*” like separate
                                        keywords.
 8/2/2007
Diacritics




 8/2/2007
Diacritics
 If you search for a
word with a diacritic
   (distinguishing
     mark) in it…


    …will Google
 return results with
   or without the
      diacritic?




   8/2/2007
Diacritics


                The
             answer is:
               both!

                 A search for unité
                produces results for
               both unite and unité.




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Diacritics




             To limit your search to only unité, add
                     a “-” followed by unite.


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Diacritics




             Notice how the number of
              results has decreased.

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Query Modifiers




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Query Modifiers
     Use these commands in the search
     window.
            intitle: Find sites with one search term in the title.
            allintitle: Find sites with all search terms in the title.
            inurl: Find sites with one search term in the URL.
            allinurl: Find sites with all search terms in the URL.
            site: Limit your search to a specific web site.
            filetype: Specify a type of document to search.

 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – intitle:


            Find sites with one search term in the title.




 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – intitle:

                                   This search returns
                                   sites with the word
                                    shampoo in the
                                          title…

                                    …and ingredient
                                     anywhere in the
                                       document.



                Find sites with one search term in the title.
 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – allintitle:


             Find sites with ALL search terms in the title.




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Query Modifiers – allintitle:


                              Notice fewer “hits”
                               when shampoo
                               AND ingredient
                               must be found in
                                the title of the
                                     page.


                      Find sites with all search terms
                                 in the title.
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Query Modifiers – inurl:


            Find sites with one search term in the URL.




 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – inurl:


                                 This search returns
                                 sites with the word
                                  shampoo in the
                                       URL…

                                  …and ingredient
                                   anywhere in the
                                     document.

               Find sites with one search term in the URL.
 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – allinurl:


            Find sites with ALL search terms in the URL.




 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – allinurl:


                              Notice fewer “hits”
                               when shampoo
                               AND ingredient
                               must be found in
                                the title of the
                                     page.


                     Find sites with all search terms
                                in the URL.
 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – site:


            Limit your search to a specific web site.




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Query Modifiers – site:

  Enter search terms,
     then qualifier.
                                  Finds elephant
                        Example 1 race on the Cal
                                  State Fullerton
                                       site.




                           Limit your search to a specific web site.
 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – site:

 Enter search
 terms, then                     Finds dinosaur on
   qualifier.   Example 2         the Smithsonian
                                    Institute site.




                  Limit your search to a specific web site.
  8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – site:
                                    Enter search terms,
                                       then qualifier.

               Example 3
                                   Limits search of
                             schwarzenegger to official
                              California senate pages.




                 Limit your search to a specific web site.
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Query Modifiers – filetype:


            Specify a type of document to search.




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Query Modifiers – filetype:            pdf – Adobe
                                      readable files




                 Specify a type of document to search.
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Query Modifiers – filetype:            pdf – Adobe
                                      readable files

                                  doc – Microsoft
                                  Word documents




                 Specify a type of document to search.
 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – filetype:            pdf – Adobe
                                      readable files

                                  doc – Microsoft
                                  Word documents

                                 mdb – Microsoft
                                 Access databases




                 Specify a type of document to search.
 8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – filetype:                               pdf – Adobe
                                                         readable files

                                                     doc – Microsoft
                                                     Word documents

                                                    mdb – Microsoft
                                           D’oh!    Access databases

                                                       jpg, gif, tif –
If you get no results from Google                  graphics and photos
     Web, try Google Images.




                                    Specify a type of document to search.
  8/2/2007
Query Modifiers – filetype:            pdf – Adobe
                                      readable files

                                  doc – Microsoft
                                  Word documents

                                 mdb – Microsoft
                                 Access databases

                                   jpg, gif, tif –
                               graphics and photos

                              ppt – Microsoft
                          PowerPoint presentations

                 Specify a type of document to search.
 8/2/2007
Using Multiple Query Modifiers
Key words, plus…
                        …site: modifier, plus…

                                 Voilà!
                          Search of shampoo
                         ingredient limited to
    …equals…               …filetype: modifier…
                          find only PowerPoint
                       files on official California
                           government pages.




   8/2/2007
GAPS by staggernation.com

            Searching for all kinds of
             cookie recipes with
             chocolate – but not
                   oatmeal?




 8/2/2007
           http://www.staggernation.com




                             This search will return:
                           Chocolate chip cookie recipe
                             Chocolate cookie recipe
                            Chocolate covered cherry
                                 cookie recipe
8/2/2007
GAPS by staggernation.com
     Google API Proximity Search
            A script that searches Google for two search
            terms that appear within a certain proximity
            of each other on a page.
             • Studies show that the closer search terms are in
               proximity, the better chance that the document is
               relevant to the searcher’s need.
            For more info go to:
            http://www.staggernation.com/gaps/readme.html


 8/2/2007
Search Engine Showdown




 8/2/2007
Search Engine Showdown
 For in depth information on how Google
 and other web search engines work, go to
 Greg Notess’ Search Engine Showdown:
 The User’s Guide to Web Searching at
 http://www.searchengineshowdown.com/




 8/2/2007
See More Google




 8/2/2007
See More Google
     This is one of three presentations on
     Google Search Tips. Others include:
            Lesser Used Features
            Lesser Used Databases
            Advanced Functions




 8/2/2007

				
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