NEWSLETTER by chenboying


									                Joint Japan/World Bank Graduate Scholarship ProgramPAGE 1

            Master’s Program in Public Policy and Taxation
                               Yokohama National University
                                          NEWSLETTER                                                   ISSUE 20

     NOVEMBER 2007

                         Message from the Director
                              Dear Graduates and Colleagues,

                              I have good news and bad news today. I would like to tell you the good news first. We
                              had a wonderful field trip to Hiroshima and Kyoto from September 24-7. Ten PPT
                              scholars together with Prof. Parsons, Mr Rai and myself enjoyed the trip very much. It
                              seemed to me that the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum impressed the scholars
                              deeply, and I hope this visit will give them an opportunity to think about the tragedy of
                              the use of any kind of nuclear weapons and about world peace. I found it very
Inside This Issue             interesting that all of the scholars were very much interested in an actual assembly line
1 Message from the Director
                              of automobile production at the Mazda factory museum which is a part of Mazda
                              Automobile Factory plant. We saw all the workers half-running while attaching parts to
2- 6 Articles                 the car body on a moving assembly line. It was surely astonishing in terms of hard work
    IDB Scholars Visit
                              – even more than Chaplin in his movie Modern Times! One of the scholars actually said
                              that this could be the secret of Japan's economic growth, and that it would be impossible
     Field Trip 2007          to do the same thing in his country.
                              Some more good news is about Salik Ram ACHARYA, a former PPT scholar from
7 Student and Alumni News     Nepal. He will come to YNU as a short-term visiting fellow on a Japanese government
8 Department News
                              grant he successfully acquired. And one more - Mr Rafaldi ODING, a former IGS
                              scholar, is now in Japan attending one of National Tax College’s senior training
                              program. He is an important guy, now.

                              Regretfully, I have some bad news as well. As some of you may already know, Prof
                              Satoru KANOH of Hitotsubashi University and former PPT Director, and Prof Eisaku
                              OHTSUKA, longtime Computing lecturer in the Business Administration faculty,
                              passed away in August and September both by the same disease, leukemia. All we can
                              do is just say, 'May their souls rest in peace.'

                              YNU MPE course has welcomed two new Indonesian scholars in their second year of
                              Master's program conducted in English. They enter YNU under a new agreement with
                              the Indonesian government for a double-degree linkage program. This is an Economics-
                              based program and therefore, somewhat different from PPT, though they share some
                              coursework. I hope the newcomers will have a good relationship with PPT students.

                              Best Wishes,

                              Daisuke Arie
  MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                                                                                     PAGE 2


              Inter-America Development Bank Scholars visit Yokohama National University, October 2007

                                Japan - IDB Scholarship Program’s Visit to YNU
                                             By Gorga Parlaungan

  On October 4, 2007, Master Program in English-Public Policy and Taxation (MPE–PPT), Infrastructure
  Management Program (IMP), together with JICA and IMF Programs hosted the welcome event of the Japan -
  Inter-America Development Bank (IDB) Scholars visit to Yokohama National University. 9 selected IDB
  scholars from 9 Latin America and Caribbean countries who graduated from universities in Europe, Japan, Latin
  America and the United States of America were visiting several institutions and universities in Japan for a week.
  The agenda of their visit to YNU, accompanied by a representative of IDB Office in Asia, Mr. Takeo Shikado,
  was to exchange views and discussions with the scholars from international programs studying at YNU.
  Professors and students from graduate programs at YNU attended the event in the Kyoiku Bunka (Education and
  Culture) Hall, including students from the Indonesian Linkage Program (ILP).

  The first half of the program comprised a video presentation exhibiting footage of Japan’s powerful economic
  growth since the start of the economic boom, illustrating some affecting factors including Japanese corporate
  culture, management systems, and the role of the government. It also highlighted some unique features of
  Japanese production, such as kaizen (continuous improvement), long-term employment, and links between large
  corporations and sub-contractors, as well as the renowned perseverance of Japanese business entrepreneurs and
  industrial actors. Introductory remarks and comments on the video were given by Professor Keiichi Yamazaki
  and Professor Craig Parsons.

  The next event was discussion among all the scholars, partly based on the video and what might be learned from
  the Japanese economic success. While it is widely recognized that Japan built its economy with a rapid growth
  from ruins after the devastation of World War II, an intriguing argument was raised that despite the destruction,
  Japan at that time still had what was important to rebuild the economy -- an adequate number of literate laborers
  and a basic platform on which the industry would be developed.

  But the heart of the discussion was on the lessons applicable to the scholars’ countries back home. The above
  factors in the Japanese production features had proven to be the engine for the country’s strong economic
  growth, yet they also represented values of the Japanese system and surrounding factors that might not be
  present in the same manner in other countries. It was summarized that Japan’s successful economy indeed
  offered lessons to developing economies; however, while some of those lessons were applicable, some might
  not be, given every country’s own characteristics and distinctive factors affecting its potential economic
  development. After the discussion, the event ended with a lunch reception at Kyaratei restaurant held for all the
MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                                                                                     PAGE 3

                                   Field trip 2007: Hiroshima and Kyoto
                                          by Gregoria Evangelio

 September 24th 2007: From Yokohama to Hiroshima

 Everybody was excited about the trip as the PPT group headed for Haneda Airport, where we met up with
 PPT Program Director, Prof. Arie. We also met our lovely tour guide for the four-day trip, Moriyama-san.
 We had a smooth flight, almost an hour, from Haneda to Hiroshima Airport. From the airport, we went
 directly to a special tourist bus to Miyajimaguchi ferry terminal. A 10-minute ride on the ferry boat brought
 us to our first destination which was Miyajima.

  Miyajima is a place of history and tradition. Its name comes from the Japanese words, “miya” for shrine
 and “jima” for island. It is said to have been worshipped as a divine island since ancient times. Standing in
 the sea, the 16 meter tall and vermillion-colored O-Torii Gate is the symbol of Miyajima. Historically, it
 was built in 1875, and has been rebuilt eight times since the Heian Period. Within Miyajima, we visited the
 famous Itsukushima Shrine which is known for artistic beauty in Shinden style of architecture. Built in the
 sea, the 300 meter shrine is composed of the main shrine, a Noh drama stage, music rooms, and other
 shrines which are all connected by corridors. According to legend, the magnificent shrine was dedicated to
 three goddesses as guardians of sailors. The shrine was officially designated as a World Cultural Heritage in
 December 1996.

 On the first day of the field trip, we enjoyed the blue sea and greenery of Miyajima.

 September 25th 2007 : Hiroshima Prefectural Government, Mazda Museum and Hiroshima Peace Park.

 The PPT students were advised by Director Arie the night before to wear “something formal” because we
 were scheduled to visit the Hiroshima Prefectural Government. At ten o’clock in the morning, the group
 was welcomed by the chief of International Affairs Division, Hiroshima Prefectural Government who gave
 a presentation about Hiroshima City. Hiroshima is usually called miniature Japan or a small scale Japan
 because of its attractive natural environment such as skiing, marine sports and wide variety of agricultural
 products (from apples to tangerines). There are two World Heritage sites in the area, the Itsukushima Shrine
 and the Hiroshima Peace Memorial or Genbaku Dome, which were both registered as World Heritage sites
 in 1996.

 We then proceeded to our next destination – Mazda Museum. As we entered the museum, everybody got a
 free souvenir miniature Mazda car key chain. Mazda Motor Corporation (in Japanese, Mazda is pronounced
 as Matsuda) has an impressive history in the automotive industry. It was founded in 1920, starting with
 manufacturing tools before it branched out to manufacture trucks for commercial use. The first part of our
 tour in the museum began with the history of the company from the old days of the three-wheeled trucks
 and corks to the present-day rotary engines. We had the opportunity to actually see the display of historical
MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                                                                                    PAGE 4

 vehicles such as the Mazda Cosmo sports car. There were also displays of the latest vehicles and special
 exhibitions on the engineering and development of new products such as hydrogen-fuelled cars and other
 future generation cars. Furthermore, we witnessed Mazda’s actual vehicle assembly line where multiple
 models are produced on a single line. From the observation deck, we were able to see its private port and
 giant car carriers.

 After the amazing tour at Mazda museum, we set off to Hiroshima Peace Park where the Atomic bomb (A-
 bomb) dome, also called Genbaku Dome, is located. This dome, a World Heritage site, was built in 1915.
 Prior to the bombing, it was used to display and sell Hiroshima Prefectural products. Offices inside the
 dome were used to provide market consultation for local commercial enterprises and the galleries provided
 art exhibits and cultural events. The historical peace park reminded all of us of what happened in the early
 morning at 8:15 on August 6, 1945, when the world’s first atomic bomb was dropped on the city of
 Hiroshima. The single bomb crushed and burned most of the city buildings taking hundreds of thousands of
 lives. Based on history, the bomb exploded 600 meters above and 160 meters to the southeast of the
 Genbaku dome. Since the blast came from above, some of the walls remained standing, leaving enough of
 the building and its iron structure at the top was recognized to be the dome.

         Hiroshima Genbaku Dome                                        Mazda Museum

 The Hiroshima Peace Park was filled with monuments such as the Flame of Peace, Fountain of Prayer,
 Cenotaph for A-bomb victims and the Children of Peace monument. There is also a giant bell which is
 called the “Bell of Peace” and symbolizes Hiroshima’s aspiration for true peace. The Hiroshima Peace
 Memorial Museum was also built in 1955 to preserve and convey to future generations what happened
 during the A-bomb tragedy. Inside the museum are models, films and photo panels describing Hiroshima
 before and after the bombing. There are also specially designed artifacts and materials to convey the
 bombing events. There was a touching story of a young girl named Sadako Sasaki who was exposed to A-
 bomb at the age of two. Ten years after, she suffered radiation-related leukemia. She entered Red Cross
 Hospital and there she made some folded paper cranes with the hope to curing her disease. She died after
 an eight month struggle with leukemia. The folded paper cranes were on display at the museum.

 September 26th 2007: From Hiroshima to Kyoto

 At 9:30 in the morning everybody walked off for Hiroshima Station to take Nozomi Shinkansen to Tokyo.
 After an hour and a half on the high speed train, we arrived at Kyoto station. The group directly moved on
 to Kiyomizu temple as the first destination in the area. It was a crowded day for both local and foreign
 tourists in the temple. Kiyomizu temple is famous for its unique and big veranda which is located at the
 Hon-do or main hall. The veranda is supported by a massive structural scaffolding which can also be seen
 as you go down the Otowa-no-taki (“sound of feathers” waterfall). Anybody who drinks from the
 waterfall is believed to obtain more wisdom, good health and beauty (that’s why Suhut, Diana and me
 tried it!). Inside Kiyomizu Temple is also a colorful three-story pagoda.
MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                                                                                          PAGE 5

 After the breathtaking tour of Kiyomizu temple we visited Kinkakuji, popularly known as the Golden
 Pavilion, one of the main buildings of Rokuonji Temple. Historically, the 3rd Shogun of Ashikaga named
 Yoshimitsu abdicated the throne in 1394. He built the villa Kitayamaden into a fascinating site which was
 turned into a Zen temple after he died, according to his will. The Golden Pavilion has three types of
 architecture – palace style on the 1st floor, samurai style on the 2nd floor and temple style on the third floor.
 Second and third floors are covered with gold leaf on Japanese lacquer and the roof is thatched with

 The day didn’t end with sightseeing at Golden Pavilion. We also visited the historical site of Nijo Castle –
 the official Kyoto residence of the first Tokugawa Shogun, Ieyasu. History revealed that the castle was
 originally built in 1603 but was completed in 1626 by the third Shogun, Iemitsu. We had an impressive
 tour inside the Ninomaru Palace which consists of many linked sections. The castle is believed to have
 about 33 rooms that were used for unique functions such as waiting rooms for feudal lords; Shogun’s
 room for private meeting with Daimyo (feudal lords loyal to the Tokugawa clan); Shogun’s living and
 bedroom; and rooms where the Shogun received the Emperor’s Imperial messenger. Our tour guide
 profoundly explained the amazing history behind each room inside the palace. Another fascinating feature
 of the Ninomaru Palace is the construction of “nightingale floor” where a squeaking sound can be heard
 when one walks on the floor or corridor of the palace. The squeaking sound served as a warning that
 someone is coming. We also got to see the superb paintings according to the unique function of each

                                    Kinkajuji “Golden Pavilion” in Kyoto

 September 27th 2007: From Kyoto back to Yokohama

 Already the last day of the field trip had come. The last place we visited was terrific sightseeing on the
 Sagano tram/railway where we enjoyed a refreshing recreational ride. The romantic train ride was less
 than 30 minutes and it felt very short for enjoying the beauty and serenity of Sagano-Arashima area in
 northwest of Kyoto. Then another excellent experience awaited us when we walked through bamboo
 forests, quite dark and eerie, but was strangely beautiful. It did not cross my imagination that towering
 bamboos with that unique style could be so lovely!

 The field trip was finished - for the second year students it was the final trip in the PPT program. But the
 mind-blowing memories will forever remain in our hearts of hearts – the people and the country’s rich
 and unique culture. We are very grateful to have Professor Parsons and Director Arie with us during the
 whole trip. As we visited one sightseeing place after another, Prof. Arie would gladly give his additional
 testimonies on the history of Japan, especially about Hiroshima and Kyoto. We thank all the staff of PPT
 program who made this trip memorable and lots of fun.
    MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                              PAGE 6

                        Our Field Trip
                   by Bhishma Kumar Bhusal

Thirteen souls- Ten lingua franca
Lee1, Dwi2, Phong3 , Gorga4, Sinaga5,
Diana6, Godfrey7, Phiphi8, Greg9,
Bhishma10, Rai11, Arie-sensei12, Craig.13

Thanks MPE staff, we owe
Making us near from so away,
Our minds enriched, our souls merry,
In the land, pure blossoms of cherry.

Grandeur! Itsukushima14 that purified our soul,
Marvelous! Kiyomizu15, The Buddha, his bowl;
The fountains of health, the wealth, wisdom,
Torii Gate- Miyajima16, the ruins of A-bomb.

They enlightened us who you are,
They encouraged us nothing is far,
The quest of knowledge, the dusk, the dawn
Mingles, twinkles, trumpets in your lawn .

Kudos! The efforts by then vanquished!
You proved yourself the real Phoenix;
A lesson, a courage, we got delight,
Nippon! Nothing seems to you a plight             .

We learnt, we felt, we will go ahead,
We impart, we ensure our nation's fate;
We ponder, the majestic Nijo17, the fort,
Obliged we are – eleventh - twelfth cohort.
  from Uzbekistan,
  from Indonesia
  From Vietnam
  from Indonesia
  from Indonesia
  from Columbia
  from Tanzania
  from China
  from the Philippines
   from Nepal
  from Japan, Ph. D. student, YNU
   Professor Daisuke Arie, YNU
  Associate Professor Craig Parsons, YNU
  Itsukushima Shrine, Miyajima Island,
  Kiyomizu temple, Kyoto
  Miyazima Island, Hiroshima
   Nijo castle, Kyoto
 MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                                                                                  PAGE 7

Student News
                                 2007 Indonesia Linkage Program students
                                             arrive in Japan

   On October 1, two students arrived from Indonesia to begin the Master’s program at YNU as part of the Indonesia
   Linkage Program.

          Avianto Indragunawan Noor                                            Puspitaningtyas is an Auditor
          is an Auditor with the                                               with the Supreme Audit Board,
          Supreme Audit Board,                                                          DKI Jakarta.
          Denpasaar Branch Office.

Alumni News

   Melania Mujutywa (PPT 2004-6) recently attended a one-month seminar in China to discuss ideas for
   turning around the Zimbabwean economy. She reports that there was good discussion resulting in policy
   recommendations for Zimbabwe. While in China, she met up with Fu Qing (WCO 2003-5) and enjoyed
   having Chinese dinner together. Melania writes, “I really felt close to Japan and I hope I will attend
   seminars in Japan soon.

                                                                Fu Qing and Melania

Congratulations to Majer Mahmoud Jalloul (PPT 2002-4)!

  He sent the following message: “I'm very happy to share you my joy of welcoming a new member
  to my family. Last week, by the Grace of GOD, my wife delivered a very nice boy. We named him Mahmoud.”
 MPE - PPT NEWSLETTER                                                                                  PAGE 8

Department News


Congratulations to Professor Craig Parsons! He just got married and sends the following message to MPE

 “Hi everyone. Some big news! I recently got married to
 my fiancée, Akiko. We had a very nice ceremony back
 in my home state of New Jersey in August, and we will
 have another celebration here in Japan for her family that
 could not make it to the US. My new wife, Akiko, is
 originally from Niigata, but works as an accountant for
 an international engineering firm here in Yokohama.”

                                                                     Akiko and Craig Parsons


 With great sadness, we regretfully announce that Professor Satoru Kanoh passed away on August 15, 2007.
 Professor Kanoh was the first Director of the MPE-PPT program at Yokohama National University, holding
 that position from 1996 – March 2000. He continued to teach courses in the MPE program after taking a
 position as professor at Hitotsubashi University.

 He is survived by his wife, Manami Minagawa, who all of you know fondly as a member of the MPE
 Office for many years, and his father and brother in Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture. Professor Kanoh will
 be greatly missed. Colleagues and friends from the MPE program at Yokohama National University extend
 their deepest condolences to Minagawa-san and Professor Kanoh’s family.

                                                    MPE – PPT NEWSLETTER
                                                    MPE Office
                                                    International Graduate School of Social Sciences
                                                    Yokohama National University
                                                    Tokiwadai 79-4
                                                    Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501
                                                    Director: Dr. Daisuke Arie
                                                    Editor: Joanna Chinen
  PPT Professors and students at NTC Reception

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