You will undertake a major Textiles
Project worth 50% of the H.S.C. mark.

Your Major Textiles must be a high
quality functional and aesthetic textile

The project focus is selected from one of
the following areas:

      Textile Arts
      Non apparel

This means clothing. It can be broken into the market segments of: male, female,
teenager, youth, children, boys and girls, toddler and infant.

Clothing can be further classified as: underwear, day wear, evening wear, casual,
formal, special occasion, sportswear, business and corporate wear, uniforms,
specialised and protective wear including wet weather, outdoor and hiking.

Garments when combined are called a garment range.

In this category you could make one creative item from a range of garments. It
should be suited to a specific market segment and season.

A clarification of accessories needs to be given. If accessories are to be included, a
clear reason needs to be given. If accessories are submitted as part of a range, the
student should indicate by sketching the range and indicate the clothing style theme
and season. This is necessary even though the clothing will not be manufactured,
only the accessory.

Store brochures, retail web sites and merchandising catalogues are a good starting
point for design ideas.

When choosing what you will make remember, your MTP must be creative and/or
innovative, have a fair degree of difficulty and take at least 30 hours to make.
Costume can be defined as the mode of dress belonging to a nation, class or
period in history.

Costume could fall into the following categories:

      Traditional dress which reflects a national or cultural group
      Dress which reflects a particular religious group
      Dress which reflects a particular occupation eg. Uniform
      Dress which reflects a particular period in history
      Dress that is specialised for opera, drama or dance. This costume often
      shows character traits eg. evil.
      Dress that is made especially for festivals or celebrations. eg. Mardi

The costume designed could be contemporary, futuristic or historical, or it
could reflect a cultural dress style. It could be designed for a specific occasion
eg., Halloween party or a special scene in a play or show.

Opera, ballet and theatre advertisements are a good starting point for ideas.
Travel brochures are also helpful.
                    TEXTILE ARTS
This involves the use of textiles as an art medium for self expression and
communication between people. It relates to the exhibition of items in a gallery,
public space or in the home.

The purpose could be symbolic or it could be to communicate meaning about an
event, social issue, religious or cultural belief. The audience could be a casual
observer, family, community or society.

Textile arts could involve:

      The production and processing of fibres, yarns eg., making felt items
      The addition of colour through dyeing and printing
      The weaving and knitting of fabric structures
      The use of appliqué, embroidery and beading

Examples of textile items include art and commemorative quilts which would hang
on a wall, embroidery, fabric manufacture such as weaving and wall hangings.
While clothing could be the structure on which to apply the textile art it would need
to be dramatic and symbolic and neither everyday attire or a costume. You would
need to clearly justify your reasons for producing a wearable textile art item.
This involves the use of textiles for items such as curtains, pillows, bed coverings,
quilts, table cloths, floor coverings like rugs, upholstery and slip covers.

In the visual design concept section of the supporting documentation you would need
to clearly indicate the positions and use of the items in whatever setting they will be

Historical, traditional and cultural design ideas lend themselves to the production of
a range of items based on a theme.
                    NON APPAREL

This involves the development of novel and maybe innovative structures.

Some ideas might be: kites and other outdoor venue wind sculptures, flags, soft toys
for special children, educational and play sculptures for children, specialised storage
items, luggage items, medical support aids.
The Major Textiles Project has two components.

(a) Supporting Documentation (50% marks)

This is a document you will submit which outlines your original design inspiration
and how this was developed to your finished item. It will document your plans and
the processes and construction techniques you used in the manufacture of your
item. In addition, it will document all the tests and experiments you carried out
which helped you decide the best fabrics and processes to use in making your item.

(b)The Textile Item (50% marks)

      May consist of one or more related items within the selected focus area.
      Must be individually produced by the student. Group projects are not
      permitted. Your teacher will be required to certify that this is your own work.
      Therefore you must complete your project entirely at school. If you out source
      any of your work, eg., machine quilting, buttonholes you must acknowledge
      this in your supporting documentation.
      The textile item must be able to fit into the following sized package. The
      overall volume of the packaging container, which must hold both the
      supporting documentation and the textile item/s must not exceed 0.2m3. eg.,
      1m x 1m x 0.2m eg., 1.2m x 0.5m x 0.33m. The maximum length of any side
      must not exceed 1.2m.

Marking of the Major Textile Item

Your major textile item will be sent away to the Board of Studies where it will be
marked out of a total of 25 marks. The exact due date will be advised by the Board
of Studies. You should expect that it will be some time during August.

You are responsible for your own packaging of your project. You should plan to use
tissue paper and/or bubble wrap and then a padded envelope or box.

Your fully completed textile item/s should demonstrate creativity and/or
innovation and it must be appropriate for the intended purpose. Your item/s
should reflect a very high standard of proficiency in manufacture. You should
choose to make something which has some challenges ie., a fair degree of
difficulty. This degree of difficulty could be in either the choice of design or the
specialised fabric you use and/or the construction techniques you use.

To achieve a score in the highest band ie., 21-25 you must satisfy the following
marking guidelines.
                                      Criteria                        Marks
Appropriate to      Your design must clearly be appropriate for
focus area          your intended purpose with regard to both
                    fabric and design.        The aesthetic and
                    functional aspects of your item must be
                    balanced and related to the overall design.

Creativity and      You must demonstrate your own creativity by
Innovation          producing an individually designed item
                    which has a direct link to the overall purpose.
                    You can further show your creativity and/or
                    innovation through your choice of fabric or
                    construction methods.        If you use a
                    commercial pattern perhaps you will modify it
                    in some way to achieve an individual creation.

Degree of Difficulty Your item must provide evidence of complex
                     design features and or complex construction      21-25
                     techniques, or the use of specialised fabrics
                     which are challenging to use.

Degree of           This means that your item/s must be
Proficiency         completed to a very high standard of
                    manufacture you must display proficiency in
                    utilising the appropriate techniques for your
                    purpose and fabric.

Management of       Your textile item/s must be complete and they
Time                must not require any further attention to any
                    finishing details. Your work must not appear
                    rushed in any way. If complete, you have
                    demonstrated that you have managed your
                    time efficiently.
The Supporting
This piece of work is worth 25% of your overall mark. It represents equal weighting
with your textile item. Therefore, you should spend as much time on it as you do on
making the item.

Quality presentation is very important. Your work should be presented in a
quality folder on quality paper or card. You can choose between A3 or A4
size. There are strict page limits which you must not exceed. Your supporting
documentation should be exciting to read. It must generate interest. It should
be harmonious and presented in logical sequence. You must use professional,
contemporary presentation. It is advisable to use a computer to produce this project.
Do not use dark printing on dark coloured background. Be sure the font type and
size are easy to read.

Your supporting documentation should be organised into the following sections:

Design Inspiration                                     (5 Marks)

 4 x A4 or 2 x A3 pages

      Begin by making it visually very clear what your inspiration is. You could do
      this by photographs, drawings, pictures cut from magazines, fabric
      collages or a combination of these.

Some examples of design inspiration might include: nature eg., forest, marine life,
desert landscape, solar system, fairytales, movies and movie stars, a particular
culture eg., Japan, Bali, a holiday you might have enjoyed, a period in history eg.,
medieval, the roaring 20s. Include an enlarged photograph of your completed textile

      What is your design inspiration? Explain in detail. You can have more than
      one inspiration.

      What is your focus area? This should be clearly explained in writing. Eg.,
      apparel, furnishing, textile arts, costume or apparel. You must also explain
      how your project fits into this focus area. Why have you chosen to use this
      focus area to demonstrate or express your inspiration. How will your textile
      item be worn, used or displayed?

      Explain a relationship to historical or cultural or contemporary
      factors. This could be some sections of the garment or article which have
      been historically or culturally inspired. It does not have to be the entire item.
      Eg., your inspiration may be a film set in the 1700’s and you decide to design
      a costume from this period. Your inspiration is related to historical influences
      and you will need to analyse the design features of the period. You may look
      at the life style of the people and then discuss types of fabrics and fibres used,
      colours used and how you will do the same to make the costume as realistic as

      Justify the creative design techniques you have developed from your design

                    What is your creative style that you will use for this project? eg.,
                    beading, machine, embroidery, appliqué, quilting, informal
                    balance in dress design.
                    Explain why you have used this form of design in your
                    garment/article eg., informal balance in dress design is used
                    because a particular designer has inspired you.

In this section you may need to include drawings or sketches of your inspiration.
Suggested presentation is a collage of pictures presented as a story board,
accompanied by some text. You could also include a range of fabric samples and / or
colours. Present your information in an attractive manner.
Design inspiration

Story Board of Ideas:
      This collection of pictures shows inspiration for the use of denim. I would like to use
      the fabric which is commonly used and known for casual wear and create a range
      suitable for party wear. All these pictures show denim used in a different way to the
      typical style denim is used in. They display interesting surface decoration,
      including embroidery, beading, feathers and trims to dress the denim up!
      The colour pink is used in many of the pictures. It is teamed up with denim as an
      excellent contrasting colour.
      Simple lines and sleeveless plain shaped tops are seen to be popular, and a revival of a
      kind of 70’s style is also popular.
To achieve the maximum marks in this section you must:

Criteria                                                 Marks
      Identify and clearly explain the relevance
      of design ideas to the focus area.
      Thoroughly explain why the design suits
      the end use and justify particular creative
      and/or innovative design ideas or
      techniques.                                          5 Marks
      Critically analyse and explain the
      historical/cultural     or    contemporary
      factors that have contributed to the
      design and manufacture of your item.

Visual Design
Development                            (5 Marks)

  6 x A4 pages or 3 x A3 pages

This section requires you to communicate your design ideas using illustrations.
Your sketches must be high quality. You should aim to show the mood, feeling and
emotion of the design through your sketches.

Your sketches must provide specific information about the design features eg.,
seam lines, darts, zippers, splits, hem lines, pockets, top stitching, sleeves,
necklines, beading, embroidery etc. Front and back view of a garment would be
appropriate, front view only for a wall hanging. Labelling of design details may
occur directly to a specific feature or it may be a series of notes around a sketch.
Sketches should be approximately A4 size. In addition to labelling specific features
you should also communicate the following:

      The silhouette of the garment
      Appreciation and interpretation of fabric.
      Appropriate rendering of sketches related to the
      fabric is required eg., use a soft pencil to convey a
      chiffon fabric and a heavy pencil to convey leather
      fabric. Some coloured sketches are a good way to
      communicate your ideas.
A series of sketches or drawings is required because you must put in all the stages
of your design development i.e. first ideas, changes to ideas. Discuss each idea
relating to your inspiration. Explain how and why you have modified your original
ideas on the way to your final ideas. You must provide evidence of your creativity
throughout visual design development. The development of ideas and concepts
should be presented thoroughly and in a logical and sequential way.

You must analyse the functional and aesthetic aspects of your design,
considering both strengths and weaknesses, with reference to the elements and
principles of design.

      What are the functional aspects of your design eg., pockets,
      zippers, buttons, belts, yoke, pleats, gathering.
      What are the aesthetic aspects of the design? eg., colour,
      texture, beading, lace, embroidery.
      Consider the strengths and weaknesses of the design and
      relate it to the elements and principles of design eg., line,
      direction, shape, size, texture, value and colour, proportion,
      balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast, eg., you may have
      put pockets in a pair of trousers, but have found that the
      pockets are too small. Thus they are more for aesthetic
      design rather than functional design. If you make the
      pockets larger, they may detract from the silhouette of the
      intended design. Eg., For aesthetic reasons you have
      chosen to put machine embroidery at strategic points to
      enhance your decorative design. This has created a point
      of emphasis for your design.

To achieve the maximum marks in this section you must:

Criteria                                                 Marks

Clearly communicate the visual design development

      Including appropriately – labelled high
      quality sketches / drawings that clearly
      indicate the link between inspiration and
      Explaining with the aid of descriptions, how
      you developed and evaluated your ideas for
      the item/s.
      Critically analysing the functional and               5 Marks
      aesthetic aspects of the design, considering
      strengths and weaknesses, with reference to
      the elements and principles of design.
      Showing how you have been creative
      throughout the process of your concept
      Presenting the development of your ideas in a
      logical and sequential way using a high
      standard professional presentation.
Specification                        (5 Marks)

  6 x A4 pages or 3 x A3 pages

This section requires detailed manufacturing
specification which would enable your item to be
accurately put into commercial production.

You are required to complete this section using
the following headings:
(a) Description

A full and detailed description of your item is necessary. In your written
description you must acknowledge commercial patterns (including pattern
company and number) you used including any modifications you made to these.
You can show your modifications by drawing modifications onto pattern shapes. If
you do this you should use the shapes from your commercial pattern instructions or
accurately rule pattern shapes.

Hand drawn sketches are not advisable. A step by step account of what changes
were made needs to accompany the sketches. You should refer to the pattern
envelope for an example of a written description.

eg.   An A-line skirt with front tab button opening. The front opening has six buttons.
      The skirt is mid calf length. The waist band features an elasticised back. The skirt
      features topstitching on the waistband front tab and hem line.

(b) Production Drawings

These are the mechanical drawings of your item. The drawings must clearly reflect
the textile item/s.

The drawings must:

      be of a professional standard
      be completed to scale and in proportion
      be fully dimensioned (including seam size, cuff size, border dimensions, yoke
      size, the number of seams, hanging dimensions etc).
      use appropriate view/s of an item/s so that all relevant measurements are
      clearly communicated.

eg.   This perspective view adequately shows all necessary dimensions.
      A different article may require more than one view to communicate
      all dimensions.
Production drawings should not be rendered or shaded and do not need to appear on
a body. In addition to production drawings you will need to include all pattern
shapes complete with all pattern markings as appropriate to the item eg., grain line,
darts etc. It is better to reduce these shapes from your pattern instructions rather
than sketch them.

If you need to hand draw pattern shapes, be sure to use a rule to draw straight lines.

(c) Technical production plans

Include the following:

          Fabric swatches. These must be labelled to include fibre content
          and construction of fabric or name of fabric. Cut the fabric
          swatch neatly on the grain and neaten the edges eg., overlock or
          sticky tape on the back and then pinking shears. The size should
          be at least 5cm x 5cm.

          Description of fabric and quantity. List all fabrics used in the
          construction including linings, interfacings etc.

          A complete list of sewing notions including quantity and
          description. Itemised cost and total cost. This is best listed in
          table format.

          Order of construction. This should be put into a flow chart.
          Include details of construction techniques used.

eg.          Complete shoulder seams

              Complete rib neck finish

(d) Product Label

This should include all the information which is appropriate to your focus area.


      −   care instructions
      −   fibre content
      −   size
      −   where it is made
      −   brand name

                    8 X A4 or 4 X A3 Pages                          (10 Marks)

In this section, you are required to justify your use of materials, equipment and manufacturing
processes and to evaluate the properties and performance of fabrics, yarns and fibres.

It is best to show that as a result of your experimentation that you have modified your
design and or construction.

       Provide samples of various manufacturing techniques e.g., seams and seam finishes. You
       may have to use a specific needle and tension so that seams hang straight. This will require
       some ‘testing’ on fabric so that you get the result you require.

       Keep all your samples throughout the process of making your M.T.P. Write down what you
       have done. When you present them in your portfolio, mount them neatly and clearly label.
       This is your evidence of experimentation.

       Be sure to experiment on each of the listed points:

               Manufacturing processes

       but make sure the tests are applicable to the item i.e. “Do I need to do an abrasion test for
       a textile art as compared to an item of furnishing?”

       Remember to provide samples of decorative techniques e.g. machine appliqué, machine
       embroidery, beading. Use both the sewing machine and the overlocker so you can compare
       the results. It is important to test out different weights of interfacing so that you can find the
       one most suitable for your fabric.

       As a result of all this experimentation explain how you have modified your design and/or
       construction. In addition you need to evaluate the properties and performance of:

                Yarns and
       in relation to the item(s) end use.

       Be sure to determine your end use. What are the performance criteria required? e.g. Does it
       need to be absorbent, stain resistant, etc. How will it be cleaned? What kind of drape is
       required to achieve the silhouette you want? How do the properties of the fibre, yarn and
       fabric contribute to these performance criteria?

       To gain the maximum marks in this section you must:


       Experiment with materials, equipment and
       manufacturing processes applicable to the item and
       modify design and / or construction as a result of the
                                                                          10 Marks
       Provide thorough details of materials, equipment
       and manufacturing processes used and justifies their
       use on the basis of comprehensive investigations.
       Evaluate the properties and performance of the
       fabric, yarn and fibres used in relation to the end-

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