FEMP Renewable Energy Program Overview. Federal Energy by gbd17873


									                                                                     Federal Energy Management Program
                             Leading by                              FEMP Renewable Energy Overview
                        example, saving                              Meeting Federal goals for renewable energy use will help to conserve our natural
                            energy and                               resources and increase the nation’s energy security
                        taxpayer dollars
                                                                     Abundant energy from the sun, the wind, plants, and the Earth itself—renewable energy—can
                              in federal
                                                                     provide some or all of your Federal facility’s needs for heating, cooling, and electricity. The U.S.
                                facilities                           Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) has developed ways to help
                                                                     you tap into these clean, secure energy resources.

                                                                     FEMP provides agencies with information, guidance, and assistance in using renewable energy.
George Marsh/PIX11017

                                                                     Using renewable energy reduces the nation’s need for imported fuels, which enhances our energy
                                                                     security. Renewable energy also helps to conserve the nation’s natural resources, and it has almost
                                                                     no adverse effect on the environment. It also provides fuel diversification, which serves as a hedge
                                                                     against volatile utility prices.

                                                                     Where renewable resources are available, they can contribute significantly to the energy security of
                                                                     an individual Federal facility. They provide a naturally occurring, continual flow of energy, at or
                                                                     near the place where the energy is used. They are thus distributed rather than centralized resources.
                                                                     This can be important to energy managers who have to make sure their facility will keep operating
                                                                     even if utility power is disrupted by reductions in supplies or national emergencies.

                                                                     Your agency may have already started or completed projects that help to meet Federal requirements
                                                                     and goals for using renewable energy (see box on this page). If not, FEMP can help you get started.
                                                                     If you need assistance with a project in progress, FEMP can help you find good solutions along the
                                                                     way. FEMP works with agencies like yours to—

                                                                     • Increase the number of successful renewable energy projects on Federal sites,
                        This rooftop PV array
                        at the USPS Marina                           • Increase purchases of power or fuels generated from renewable energy resources, and
                        del Rey Center in Los                        • Encourage the facilitation of renewable energy projects that are on Federal lands, use Federal
                        Angeles generates
                        127 kilowatts (kW)                             resources, or serve certain Federal agency customers.
                        of electricity; project
                                                                     These are the three major approaches to helping the Federal Government increase its use of
                        partners included
                        Joe VandenBerg                               renewable energy.
                        and Ray Levinson,
                        USPS, Dan Shugar,
                        PowerLight Corp.
                                                  Federal Goals for Renewable Energy
                        (shown left to right in   Executive Order 13123 requires Federal agencies to increase their use of renewable energy, and it called for the
                        the photo) and staff
                        at Lawrence Berkeley      Secretary of Energy to set a goal for Federal use. Therefore, the Secretary directed that Federal agencies obtain the
                        National Laboratory.      equivalent of 2.5% of their electricity from renewable energy by 2005. Solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal systems
                                                  installed after 1990 are the applicable renewable energy resources listed in the Executive Order. Several different
                                                  technologies make use of those renewable resources; at least one is appropriate for almost any Federal facility in the
                                                  world (see page 3 for a list of resources and technologies).

                                                  When the Federal goal was established in June 2000, it represented about 1,355 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of electricity.
                                                  At that time, agencies were obtaining more than 170 GWh, or about 13% of the goal, from renewable resources.
                                                  March 2003 data indicate that the Federal Government is now using approximately 663 GWh of renewable energy,
                                                  or about 48% of the revised goal of 1,384 GWh. The new goal takes into account recent increases in overall Federal
                                                  electricity use.
                        Bringing you a
                        prosperous future
                        where energy is clean,    In addition, the Executive Order calls for 20,000 Federal Solar Roofs by 2010, as one of the nation’s Million Solar
                        abundant, reliable, and   Roofs goals. See FEMP’s Web site for updates on our progress in meeting these goals (www.eere.energy.gov/femp/).
Federal Energy Management Program
Renewable Energy Overview
                                                Postal Service recently installed a large,

                                                                                                                                                  Warren Gretz/PIX08699
                                                                                                  With assistance
 Benefits of Renewable Energy                                                                     from staff at DOE’s
                                                127-kW rooftop solar system at its Marina
 Using renewable energy systems brings                                                            National Renewable
                                                Processing and Distribution Center in             Energy Laboratory,
 agencies benefits like these:                  California. Smaller, individual solar water       the Navy installed
                                                                                                  three 225-kW wind
 • Reliable, distributed power supplies and     heaters are now on hundreds of housing
                                                                                                  turbines on San
     fuel diversification, which enhance        units at several military bases in Hawaii, sav-   Clemente Island
                                                ing energy and measurably reducing utility        near California, to
     energy security for both individual                                                          provide electricity
     facilities and the nation                  bills. And at Fort Polk, Louisiana, the Army      and reduce diesel
                                                is saving more than $3 million in annual          fuel use on the
 • More power for peak-use periods                                                                island.
                                                energy costs with 4000 new ground-source
 • Fewer (or no) emissions or greenhouse        heat pumps.
     gases associated with energy use
                                                Some agencies have been working on large,
 • Lower risk of fuel spills in environmen-
                                                on-site projects that produce nearly a
     tally sensitive, remote locations
                                                megawatt or more of electricity. For exam-        Aviation Administration is using a PV array
 • Less need for imported fuels                 ple, the Navy is using several large wind         and two small wind turbines to generate
 • Lower utility bills                          turbines on San Clemente Island, off              emission-free electricity for remote commu-
 • Reduced operation and maintenance            California’s coast, to generate 675 kW. The       nications equipment. The renewable energy
     (O&M) costs                                Air Force plans to add more 225-kW wind           systems significantly reduce the need to
                                                turbines to those already producing 900 kW        deliver liquid fuels to this remote site.
 • Greater price stability in an uncertain
                                                at a base on Ascension Island in the South
     energy economy.                                                                              Renewable Energy Purchases.
                                                Atlantic. At Fort Stewart, Georgia, the Army
                                                                                                  Agencies can also meet the Federal renew-
                                                operates a sizable wood-waste combined
How Federal Facilities Can Use                                                                    able energy goal by buying renewable power
                                                heat and power plant with a capacity of
Renewable Energy                                                                                  or renewable fuels. There are three different
                                                more than 5 megawatts (MW).
On-Site Projects. In on-site projects, a                                                          methods for purchasing renewable power—
solar water heating, photovoltaic (PV), wind,   Large projects featuring multiple applica-        also called “green power”:
geothermal heat pump, or other distributed      tions of a single technology usually have
                                                                                                  • Through a competitive electricity procure-
renewable energy system is installed where      a high total energy output and greater
                                                                                                     ment, if the facility is in a state with a
the energy will be used. These projects can     economies of scale. FEMP encourages agen-
                                                                                                     competitive power market,
feature one or more systems. On-site systems    cies to consider large biomass and geother-
                                                                                                  • Through a utility green power pricing
are effective both as retrofits in existing     mal projects as well as those featuring solar
                                                                                                     program, or
buildings and as planned options in new         and wind resources. Projects in general pro-
                                                vide Federal energy professionals with valu-      • Through the purchase of tradeable renew-
                                                able experience in using renewable energy.           able certificates (TRCs), also known as
In new construction projects, using renew-                                                           “green energy certificates,” “renewable
able energy along with low-energy design        Geothermal, biomass, and wind systems are
                                                                                                     energy credits,” or “green tags.” TRCs
principles can greatly reduce a facility’s      usually installed in specific areas with good
                                                                                                     represent the environmental attributes
energy bills and O&M costs. And when            resources. But solar technologies—which
                                                                                                     of renewable generation, which can be
budgets for capital improvements are tight,     include passive solar building designs, solar
                                                                                                     sold separately from the electricity.
authorized private-sector financing for         water heating, photovoltaics, and daylight-
                                                                                                  Purchasing renewable power can be helpful
projects can be arranged through FEMP via       ing—can be suitable for almost any type of
                                                                                                  at agency sites that either do not have ade-
Utility Energy Services Contracts and Energy    Federal facility anywhere. For example, sim-
                                                                                                  quate on-site renewable resources or cannot
Savings Performance Contracts.                  ply installing skylights and lighting controls
                                                                                                  obtain financing for on-site projects. These
                                                in an airplane hangar in Arizona reduced
In the past, most renewable energy projects                                                       purchases allow a facility to obtain a per-
                                                electricity costs by more than $9,600 per
were small. Today, many agencies are                                                              centage of its energy from renewable sources
                                                year; the project will pay for itself in about
installing larger systems or a greater number                                                     without incurring capital or O&M costs, and
                                                four years. In addition, at Chandalar Lake
of smaller systems. For example, the U.S.                                                         each kWh of renewable power purchased
                                                in Alaska, near the Arctic circle, the Federal
                                              counts toward meeting the agency’s energy

                                                                                                                                                       Hawaiian Electric Co./PIX07310
What Is Renewable Energy?                     efficiency goals.
Renewable energy resources include—
                                              For renewable power purchases, FEMP
• Biomass—energy from plants, trees,          encourages the use of Green-e certified prod-
   forestry by-products, agricultural         ucts. The Green-e Program sets consumer
   residues, organic waste, and landfill      protection and environmental standards for
   gas.                                       electricity products and verifies that Green-e
   Biomass technologies include—              certified products meet those standards.
   • Large-scale biomass conversion           FEMP also encourages Federal agencies pur-
                                                                                                  At the Navy's Moanalua Terrace housing complex
   systems, which can produce electricity     chasing renewable power to enroll in the            in Hawaii, 366 rooftop solar water-heating systems
   (biopower); a wood stove or small          Environmental Protection Agency’s Green             offset about 622 tons of carbon dioxide emissions
   wood-fired furnace uses biomass, too                                                           each year.
                                              Power Partnership, which assists and pro-
   • Biomass gasifiers                        motes organizations that commit to using
                                                                                                  pending. Facilitated projects are not con-
   • Biofuels, which include ethanol,         green power. FEMP can help you determine
                                                                                                  strained by Federal demand and are usually
   methanol, bio-oil, and biodiesel           the best renewable power purchase option in
                                                                                                  much larger than other projects; thus, their
• Geothermal—energy from the heat and         your area and provide you with Green Power
                                                                                                  contribution to Federal goals could be signif-
   hot water in the Earth.                    Partnership requirements and application
                                                                                                  icant. For example, in FY 2002, FEMP helped
   Geothermal technologies include—           procedures (see page 4 for ways to contact
                                                                                                  the BLM conduct a renewable resource
   • Ground-source heat pumps                 FEMP). You may also check the Green Power
                                                                                                  assessment that has resulted in 40 proposals
   • Direct geothermal steam or power         Network Web site (see page 4) or contact
                                                                                                  for new wind projects, in comparison to the
   production                                 your utility representative to find out
                                                                                                  three proposals received in the last 10 years.
                                              whether your serving utility has a green
• Solar—energy from the sun.                                                                      Because much of the demand for facilitated
                                              pricing program.
   Solar technologies include—                                                                    projects is driven by the private sector’s
   • Passive solar building design            In addition, Federal agencies are increasingly      interest in developing renewable resources
   • Photovoltaics (solar electric systems)   purchasing renewable fuels for their automo-        on Federal lands, FEMP’s role in assisting
   • Concentrating solar power                tive fleets. Renewable fuels include ethanol,       these projects is flexible and depends on the
   • Solar water heating systems              methanol, bio-oil, and biodiesel. They are          agency’s needs.
   • Solar ventilation-air preheating         available from the Defense Energy Supply
   (“solar walls”)                            Center and can be used in alternative fuel,
                                                                                                  Getting Started
• Wind—energy from the wind.                  dual-fuel, and other vehicles.                      How do you decide if your agency or facility
   Wind technologies include—                                                                     can use renewable energy? One of the first
                                              Facilitated Projects. FEMP can also
   • Small wind turbines, which                                                                   things you can do is answer as many of the
                                              assist agencies in facilitating projects that are
   generate from a few watts to about                                                             following questions as possible. If you’re not
                                              on Federal lands or that serve Federal agency
   40–50 kilowatts of electricity, for                                                            sure how to answer some of them, FEMP can
                                              customers. Examples of agency customers
   small and remote applications                                                                  help.
                                              include, but are not limited to, Native
   • Large wind turbines, which can           Americans served by the Bureau of Indian            1. What are the objectives of my renewable
   generate more than a megawatt for          Affairs and residents of housing funded by             energy project?
   large sites and utility applications       the Department of Housing and Urban                 2. What renewable resources are available
Hydropower is also a renewable resource,      Development. FEMP has also been working                in my area?
but it is not currently included in           with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
                                                                                                  3. What applications are best for my
Executive Order 13123’s definition of         to assess opportunities for renewable power
renewable energy sources for Federal          on BLM lands.
                                                                                                  4. How big (or small) should my project be?
                                              Currently, about 2 GWh of facilitated renew-
                                                                                                  5. How much funding do I need?
                                              able energy projects are in place in the
                                                                                                  6. What kinds of assistance can FEMP
                                              Federal Government, although more are
                                                                                   FEMP Help Desk: 800-DOE-EREC (363-3732)
                                                                                         Internet: www.eere.energy.gov/femp/

                                                                                                                            U.S. Air Force/PIX07648
             Obtaining Assistance from FEMP                                                                                                           Geothermal heat pumps
                                                                                                                                                      installed at 1,535
             Depending on your needs, FEMP can provide infor-                                                                                         residential housing
             mation and training, renewable energy site screen-                                                                                       units on Little Rock Air
                                                                                                                                                      Force Base should save
             ings, and technical and financing assistance for                                                                                         about $1 million in
             your project. FEMP has also developed renewable                                                                                          annual electricity costs
                                                                                                                                                      and about $285,000 in
             energy resource maps for Federal sites that take                                                                                         maintenance costs.
             economic considerations into account (see the
             renewable energy section of FEMP’s Web site).

             You can obtain and download software such as
             FRESA, the Federal Renewable Energy Screening
             Assistant, directly from the FEMP Web site. Soft-         To obtain assistance for your agency, contact your

             ware programs like this can help you decide on the        Regional Office FEMP Representative or one of

             best renewable energy systems for your facility. To       the renewable energy experts listed on FEMP’s Web

             make purchasing a solar system easier, the General        site under Renewable Energy. You can also call our

             Services Administration has added a list of solar         clearinghouse for more information.

             suppliers to the Federal Supply Schedule; see FEMP’s      FEMP’s Web Site: www.eere.energy.gov/femp/
             Web site for this helpful list.                           FEMP Information Clearinghouse:
                                                                       800-DOE-EREC (800-363-3732)
             FEMP has worked with dozens of agencies at hun-
             dreds of Federal sites on renewable energy projects.      Green Power Network:
             In addition, Energy Saver Showcase facilities con-
             tinue to help educate facility managers, energy           Contacts:
             planners, and others about the benefits of renew-         Anne Sprunt Crawley
             able energy. FEMP’s Web site contains more detailed       FEMP Renewable Energy On-Site and Facilitated
             information about many of these topics.
                                                                       David McAndrew
A Strong Energy Portfolio for a Strong America                         FEMP Renewable Power Purchasing
Energy efficiency and clean, renewable energy will mean a stronger     David.McAndrew@ee.doe.gov
                                                                       Your FEMP Regional Office Representative:
economy, cleaner environment, and greater energy independence          See www.eere.energy.gov/femp/
for America. Working with a wide array of state, community, indus-

try, and university partners, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office

of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy invests in a diverse

portfolio of energy technologies.

             Produced for the U.S. Department of Energy
             by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory,
             a DOE national laboratory

             June 2003

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