The Philadelphia Liberty Bell

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					I am proud to reside in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, one of the most history-rich
cities in the United States. The State of Pennsylvania dates back to 1681 when
Charles II of England granted a charter for the Pennsylvania colony to William Penn.
Penn soon after founded Philadelphia, naming it after the Greek synthesis of
“philos,” meaning love, and “adelphos,” meaning brother. This name has earned
Philadelphia its nickname, the City of Brotherly Love. A port city that would also
serve as the seat of Pennsylvania’s government, Philadelphia was established on the
Delaware River.

One of the most famous features of Philadelphia is the Liberty Bell, which was
forged in 1751 by order of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly. Cast in London,
the bell did not arrive in Philadelphia until 1752, and, to the dismay of onlookers, it
cracked during one of its first tests. Two local men agreed to recast the bell, though
it took two attempts to finally achieve a desirable bell. The Liberty Bell grew in fame
during the Revolutionary War, and it was rung at the First Continental Congress in
1774 and again after the Battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775. The bell was
taken down in 1777 when an attack on Philadelphia seemed imminent because
residents were afraid the British would melt it down to cast a cannon. The bell was
hidden in Lehigh Valley, under the floorboards of Zion’s Reformed Church in
current-day Allentown, Pennsylvania. The bell was returned to Philadelphia in June
1778 at the end of the British occupation.

Throughout the 19th century, the Liberty Bell was rung to commemorate notable
events, including the deaths of Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, and Thomas
Jefferson, as well as Washington’s 100th birthday. In 1835, the bell was rung after
the death of John Marshall, causing the now-famous crack in the bell. Although it
was repaired, the bell again cracked in 1846 when it was rung to honor
Washington’s birthday. This crack rendered the bell unusable, and it was put up for
display in Independence Hall shortly thereafter.

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Description: I am proud to reside in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, one of the most history-rich cities in the United States.