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Draft Strategic Plan For Improving the Reproductive by bmj84570

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									                                                                                      Draft
                                                                                  Strategic Plan
                                                                                        For
                                                                                  Improving the
                                                                   Reproductive Health of Young
                                                                      Adults and Adolescents
                                                                                In
                                                                             Edo State
                                                                             Nigeria.




Table of contents
        i)       Foreword
        ii)      Acknowledgement
        iii)     Acronyms
        iv)     Executive summary
        v)      Mission and Vision


        Chapter 1        Introduction
        Chapter 2        Goal and objectives
        Chapter 3        Strategies
        Chapter 4        Outcome indicators of strategic plan
        Chapter 5        Strategic framework
        Chapter 6        Conclusions


        Appendix
        References
List of participants


Foreword
Young adults and Adolescents constitute a special group of individuals with peculiar Reproductive Health needs. Unfortunately, there have been serious constraints in meeting
these needs. One major drawback has been the dearth of material and human resources.
Now, more people have come to realize that promoting the reproductive health of young people would enable us build a solid foundation for a stable and better tomorrow. In
particular, equipping young people with information and service will enable them make good decisions and therefore act in their own best interest. This will not only protect the
adolescents themselves but also the future of a state.
Unfortunately, many young people in Edo state lack. information and services that will help them achieve their life goals, remain healthy, prevent unwanted pregnancies, avoid
unsafe abortions and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS.
Therefore, all stakeholders including government agencies, parents, teachers, policy makers, community heads, religious leaders are expected to nurture, support, guide and assist
young people by providing the enabling environment needed to make them achieve a healthy and qualitative reproductive health lifestyle.
The formation of the Young Adult and Adolescent Reproductive Health network in Edo state is a welcome development. For the first time, Civil Society Organizations worked
together to develop a strategic framework for ARH with the full participation, involvement and contributions of all stakeholders including young people.
This strategic framework emphasises the key areas of focus in planning for the reproductive health of young people in Edo state. I am especially thrilled by the fact that the plan
was developed based on evidence collated during the baseline survey of the reproductive health profile of young adults and adolescents in Edo State.
I wish to commend all those who have participated in one way or the other in the process that resulted in this wonderful document especially the Women's Health and Action
Research Centre for leading fellow NGOs in developing this document and the Policy Project Nigeria for providing the financial and technical support.
I reaffirm my commitment and that of the Edo state Government and Edo People to the support of this plan.
Chief Lucky N. Igbinedion
Executive Governor. Edo State.


Acknowledgement
The Young Adult and Adolescent Reproductive Health (YAARH) network, Edo State is sincerely grateful to all those who worked with us in one-way or the other to ensure the
development of this document.
First we are grateful to Policy Project, Abuja for their financial and technical support during the course of this project. Our gratitude also goes to the Women's Health and Action
Research Centre (WHARC) for pioneering this project in Edo State. Once again, WHARC has exhibited her tremendous potentials in dealing with reproductive health issues
especially as it affects young people.
Our thanks also goes to all the State government agencies, (Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development, Ministry of Youth and
Sports, Ministry of Information, Ministry of Justice), the leadership of the Edo State House Of Assembly as well as other potitcians, Chairmen of Etsako West     , Egor, Oredo Local
Government Areas, religious organisations, traditional institutions and all members of the YAARH network who contributed in making this document a reality.
Worthy of mention is the 7 -member strategic plan drafting committee who tirelessly worked on producing the first drafts of the strategic plan.
Finally, we thank the Edo State Government for creating the enabling environment for the development of this document


Dr. Mrs. Nosa Aladeselu
Chairperson, YAARH.


Acronyms
AIDS            Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
ANCOPPS        All Nigerian Conference Of Principals of Public Schools
ARH              Adolescent Reproductive Health
ASRH             Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health
AYFS            Adolescent Youth Friendly Services
CBO              Community Based Organizations
COSSTS         Conference Of Secondary School Teachers
CSOs             Civil Society Organisations
FGC             Female Genital Cutting
FGD             Focus Group Discussions
FLE             Family Health Education
HEAP            HIV/AIDS Emergency Action Plan
HIV             Human Immune-deficiency Virus
ICPD            International Conference on, Population and Development
IEC              Information Education and Communication
LGAs             Local Government Areas
LPS             Life planning Skills
M&E             Monitoring and Evaluation
MIS             Management Information Systems
NAPEP           National Poverty Eradication Programme
NDDC            Niger Delta Development Commission
NDE             National Directorate of Employment
NDHS            National Demographic Health Surveys
NFEC            Non-Formal Education Centre
NGO             Non Governmental Organizations
PAC             Post Abortion Care
PTA              Parents Teachers Association
RH               Reproductive Health
RHSP            Reproductive Health Service Providers
SMOE            State Ministry Of Education
SMOH            State Ministry Of Health
SMOJ            State Ministry Of Justice
SMOYS          State Ministry of Youths And Sports
SMWASD          State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development
SPHCDA          State Primary Health Care Development Agency
SRH              Sexual Reproductive Health
STD              Sexually Transmitted Diseases
SWOT            Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
VCCT             Voluntary Counselling and Confidential Testing
YAA              Young Adults and Adolescent
YAARH            Young Adults and Adolescents Reproductive Health


                                                 ...“Youths are the foundation of a society. Their energy, inventiveness, character and
                                                                 orientation define the pace of development and the security of a nation. Through
                                                                their creative talents and labour power, a nation makes giant strides in economic
                                                                 development and socio political attainments. In their dreams and hopes a nation
                                                                founds her motivation; on their energies she builds her vitality and purpose. And
                                                                  because of their dreams and aspirations, the future of a nation is assured”....


                                       -Chief Olusegun Obasanjo
                                                                President, Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces Federal Republic of Nigeria


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Edo state is one of the six states in the south-south geopolitical zones of Nigeria. Its young adult and adolescents population make up about 40% of its total population, making
Edo State one of the states with the highest concentrations of young people in Nigeria.
Our recent survey reports have shown that the state has some of the most daunting sexual and reproductive health problems affecting young people in the country. For instance,
the state has one of the highest rates of international sex trafficking, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion and sexually transmitted diseases among young people in Nigeria. We
also identified. a number of factors as responsible for this poor reproductive health status of young people in Edo state. These include, inadequate political will for implementing
ARH programme, poor ARH information and services, various socio-cultural and traditional barriers to ARH as well as poor funding of ARH programmes and activities                 .
In response to these concerns, young adults and adolescents in Edo state are beginning to exhibit improved reproductive health behaviours, attributable in part to the activities of
the various NGOs working in ARH in the state. We found evidence that indicates that half of 15-24year olds in the state are not yet sexually active and that, the age at first sexual
exposure is higher than the national average being 16years for boys and 16.8years for females in Edo State (National Average). For those engaged in sex, there is now an
increasing incidence of contraceptive use especially condoms. This action being motivated by dual concerns about STD/HIV/AIDS and pregnancy prevention.
These findings provided us with the requisite motivation to develop a strategic plan that will focus on improving the          RH status of young adults and adolescents in the State while
at the same time encouraging the participation of all relevant stakeholders like politicians, governmental agencies including the Ministries of Health, Education, Youth and Sports,
Women Affairs and Social Development, Justice, NGOs, CBOs, traditional rulers, religious organizations, community leaders and of course youths themselves.
Our primary goal for developing this strategic plan is to facilitate collaborative, cost effective and sustainable interventions that will improve the reproductive health, rights and
quality of life of Young adult and adolescents in Edo State.
This 5-year strategic plan was developed by the Young Adult and Adolescent Reproductive Health (YAARH) Network                in Edo State. The plan was developed using results
collated during our baseline survey of the reproductive health status of Young Adults and Adolescents in the state. The network was formed in January 2001 as an advocacy
network of NGOs and individuals who share a common vision about improving the reproductive health profile of young adults and adolescents in Edo state.
In developing this strategic plan, we prioritised the major sexual and reproductive health issues that we identified during our baseline survey of the              RH profile of YAA in Edo
State. These include
        •          High rates of unplanned pregnancies and unsafe abortions
        •                     High rates of sex trafficking and prostitution
        •                     High rates of STD/HIV/AIDS
        •                     Poor health seeking behaviour of youths
        •                     High levels of youth unemployment,
        •                     High prevalence of female circumcision
        •                     Irregular use of contraceptives
        •                     Poor knowledge of existing laws on     RH
        •                     Breakdown of parent-child communications,


In addition, the document outlined strategies that will be employed in addressing these issues as well as interventions that will target specific YAARH problems and
subpopulations. The plan also includes identified resource requirements, a monitoring and evaluation plan that would guide progress in implementing the plan as well as an
estimated total budget of N225,000,000.00.
Furthermore, the plan is structured to encourage both public and private participation. It will serve as a guide for stakeholders to adapt to their contexts and raise resources for all
or specific activities and their implementation.
The development of this strategic plan is our contribution to an improved reproductive health and quality of life for the Young Adults and Adolescents (YAA) in Edo state.
We are confident that given the appropriate political and budgetary support, the strategic plan will successfully improve the reproductive health indices of our young people in
Edo state within the shortest possible time.


MISSION AND VISION OF STRATEGIC PLAN
MISSION
The mission of this strategic plan is to facilitate collaborative cost-effective. and sustainable interventions that will improve the reproductive health, rights and quality of life of
young adults and adolescents in Edo State


VISION
The vision of this strategic plan will be to stimulate the creation of the enabling environment that will promote a healthy and qualitative reproductive health lifestyle for young
adults and adolescents in Edo state


INTRODUCTION
Edo State is one of the 36 states of the Nigerian Federal structure located in the South-South geopolitical zone in the Niger Delta area of the country. Administratively, the state is
divided into three senatorial districts and 18 Local Government Areas, the later representing the grassroots administrative units of the state.
The state had an estimated population of approximately 2.86 million people. Its young adult and adolescents population make up about 32.9% of its total population, making
Edo State one of the states with the highest concentrations of young people in Nigeria.


1.1      Young Adults and Adolescents in Edo State
1.1.1    Demographic background
Statistics from the National Population Commission projected from the 1991 census, indicate that young adults aged 10-24 years, constitute 32.9% of the population of Edo
state. Thus, it is estimated that there are currently about 823,567 young adults in the state. Of these, 410,689 (16.4%) are males, while 412,878 (16.5%) are females, giving a
male: female ratio of nearly 1:1.


1.2.2    SWOT Analysis
Strengths/Opportunities:
        •                     Edo State has one of the highest rates of school enrolments for young adults and adolescents compared to anywhere in Nigeria.
        •                     The average age of marriage of young adults in the state is higher than in many parts of Nigeria.
        •                     The State boasts of the presence of many NGOs focusing on issues relating to the sexual and reproductive health of young adults and adolescents'
        •                     Edo State has the requisite human resources to deal the various      RH issues affecting YAA
        •                     Edo State has a high compliment of private and public schools
        •                     Edo state was the first state in Nigeria to pass bills against international sex trafficking and prostitution and the practice of female genital cutting (FGC), which were
        landmark bills that brought the attention of the country to the harmful effects of these practices.
        •                     A healthy relationship exists 'between government agencies and the NGO networks in Edo State.
        •                     Edo State has a significant number of skills acquisition centres and micro-credit schemes for Youths


Weaknesses/Threats:
        •                     School enrolments for girls are significantly less than for boys.
        •                     Up to 40% of families in Edo state are polygamous 8 . This has unfavourable effects on the sexual and reproductive health of young adults.
        •                     There is a high drop out rate between the ages of 16-19 years, with only 50% school enrolment recorded during this period. This drop out occurs between the
        primary and secondary levels and also between secondary and tertiary levels.
        •                     There is a low level of economic activities in the state with very few young adults are in gainful employments.
        •                     Young adults in the state are highly sexually active and they engage in extremely risky sexual behaviours.
        •                     The prevalence of sexual trafficking and prostitution among YAA in the state is very high. This is despite the laws against sexual trafficking and prostitution.
        •                     Female circumcision is also highly prevalent in the state, with reports indicating that about 40% of females are affected. This has long-term adverse effects on the
        sexual and reproductive health as well as obstetric performance of young women in the state.
        •                     Private healthcare providers are often not involved in ARH programs
        •                     Most of the programmes on adolescent reproductive health in the state are NGO driven.


1.2     Developmental process of the strategic plan
This strategic plan document was developed by the Young Adult and Adolescents Reproductive health network in Edo state. This network was formed in January 2001 as an
advocacy network of NGOs and individuals who share a common vision about improving the reproductive health profile of young adults and adolescents in Edo state.
The formation of the network was a collaborative initiative between Policy Project Nigeria and the Women's Health and Action Research Center. This initiative led to the formation
of the YAARH network in Edo state. The major objective of the initiative is to develop and advocate for a young adult and adolescent reproductive health policy for Edo state.
In order to achieve this objective, the network conducted a statewide baseline survey of the reproductive health profile of young adults and adolescents in the state. In doing this
we employed both qualitative and quantitative survey methods. These include a questionnaire-based survey of 2000 young adults and adolescents aged 10-24years, in-depth
interviews with various stakeholders in ARH as well as focus group discussions.
Following the analysis of our findings from the survey, the network appointed a 7-member committee to develop a strategic plan that will address the identified reproductive
health problems of YAA using the evidence collated during the survey.
The committee met several times to produce the final draft of the plan, which was adopted by the YAARH Network in August 2003.


2.0     Justification for a strategic plan for YAARH in Edo State
The development of this strategic plan was based on results from a needs assessment survey conducted by the young adult and adolescent reproductive health network to identify
and prioritise the various reproductive health problems facing YAA in Edo state.
During our baseline survey, we found that Young Adults and Adolescents                          in Edo state are faced with significant reproductive health concerns that include
        •          High rates of unplanned pregnancies. and unsafe abortions
        •                     High rates of sex trafficking and prostitution
        •                     High rates of STD/HIV/AIDS
        •                     Poor health seeking behaviour of youths
        •                     High levels of youth unemployment,
        •                     High prevalence of female circumcision
        •                     Irregular use of contraceptives
        •                     Poor knowledge of existing laws on     RH
        •                     Breakdown of parent-child communications,
 
High rates of unplanned pregnancies and unsafe abortions
Edo state has been reported to have one of the highest rates of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion among Young Adults and Adolescents in Nigeria. This is a
consequence of their high level of sexual activity and low level of use of contraceptives. As abortion is illegal in Edo state as it is in other parts of Nigeria, female adolescents
with unwanted pregnancies seek abortion services from unqualified practitioners, often leading to severe complications and even deaths. Many of these complications and deaths
occur in young unmarried girls aged between 15 –25 years.


High rates of sex trafficking and prostitution
Reports have shown that sexual trafficking and prostitution is highest among female youths in Edo State. Indeed, recent estimates suggest that 90% of females trafficked to
Europe are from Edo State. In recognition of these the state government passed a law against female trafficking and commercial sex work in the state.


High rates of STI/HIV/AIDS infection
 Reports indicate that HIV/AIDS cases are high and are rising among young adults in Edo state. Although the current national Sero-prevalence for HIV is 5.8%, a recent report
showed a prevalence rate of 11.4% among 13-19 year olds in Edo state. The study also reported a marked increase in HIV prevalence in the sub-group from 7.0% in 1995 to
13.3% in 2000 and showed that 74.6% of the infections in adolescents occur in female adolescents, with a lesser tendency to infections in male adolescents. This disparity
between female and male rates of HIV infection is one of the most glaring ever recorded in any population group in Nigeria. These data provide strong evidence that young adults
are a significant high-risk group, and possibly a core transmitter group for HIV in Edo state. It indicates that efforts to control HIV/AIDS in the state must concentrate on this age
group.


High prevalence of female circumcision.
One of the harmful traditional practices that affect young adults in the state includes the cultural practise of female genital cutting. Reports have indicated that about 40% of females
are affected and that these practise have long-teen adverse effects for the sexual and reproductive health as well as obstetric performance of young women in the state. However
efforts by. the state government and various NGOs and CBOs has led to the passage of a law against female circumcision and an increasing number of female adolescents
indicating that they would not circumcise their children.
Poor knowledge of existing laws
Although, Edo state has passed laws against sexual trafficking and female genital cutting, the bills have not been dramatic in terms of actual reduction in the incidence of these
vices. This has been attributed to a lack of awareness about the existence of such laws. Nevertheless, they have provided a legal framework within which activists can implement
their programs and advocate for the abolition of the practice in the state.


High levels of youth unemployment,
There is a high level of unemployment among the youth in Edo state. This has a direct bearing on the sexual and reproductive health profile of Youths in the state. Government
therefore should put in place specific measures to improve youth employment in the state. Both formal and informal sector employment including self-entrepreneurship should be
pursued as important options for increasing rate of youth employment in the state.


Breakdown of parent-child communications,
Another major concern facing YAA in Edo state is the breakdown in youth - parent and youth teacher communication. This has resulted in youths seeking          RH information from
other often-wrong sources. There is a need therefore identify a framework for promoting youth parent and youth teacher communication on sexual and reproductive health matters
in the state.


3.0      Stakeholders Analysis
The strategic plan would draw upon the goodwill and support of its identified stakeholders who will ensure the implementation of its various aspects. These stakeholders include
        •                    The State Executive Governor of Edo state
        •                    The State Executive Council
        •                    The Edo State House of Assembly
        •                    The State Ministries of Heaath, Education, Women Affairs and Social Development, Youths and Sport
        •                    Traditional institutions in Edo state
        •                    Religious leaders
        •                    Chairmen of all Local Government Areas
        •                    Community leaders
        •                    Young Adults and Adolescents
        •                    Private Schools Associations in Edo State
        •                    All Nigerian conference of Principals of Public Schools.
        •                    Non governmental organizations
        •                    Community based organisations
        •                    State Primary Health Care Agencies
        •                    Health Management Board
        •                    Developmental partners and donor agencies
        •                    Media practitioners


CHAPTER 2:                      GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
The overall goal of this strategic plan is to facilitate collaborative, cost-effective and sustainable interventions that will improve the reproductive health, rights and quality of life
of young adults and adolescents in Edo State.


The-specific objectives are;
        1.        To improve political commitment and community support for the implementation of Young Adults and Adolescents' Reproductive Health (YAARH) programs and
        policies.
        2.          To remove socio-cultural and traditional barriers to YAARH.
        3.          To facilitate the improvement of socio-economic status of young adults and adolescents.
        4.          To encourage and improve youth-parent, youth-teacher communication and improvement of peer-to-peer communication.
        5.          To equip young adults and adolescents with correct information and skills to deal with the various reproductive health            (RH) challenges.
        6.          To increase availability of, and accessibility to quality adolescent   RH services.
        7.          To improve the capacity of reproductive health personnel to provide youth-friendly         RH services.
        8.          To mobilize and maximise human and financial resources for YAARH programs and activities.
        9.          To establish mechanisms and systems for monitoring and evaluation of         RH programs.
        10.         To encourage youth participation and involvement in YAARH programmes.


CHAPTER 3:                      STRATEGIES
The following strategic areas have been highlighted as key approaches that will assist in modifying contributing factors to the poor reproductive health profile of young
adults and adolescents in Edo state. These strategies will also assist in promoting good health and an improved quality of life among          youths in the State.
These approaches include:


Social mobilisation and advocacy
This will include the creation of awareness which will result in community support of YAARH issues amongst stakeholders, especially "gatekeepers", such as parents, traditional
rulers, religious leaders, the media, politicians and other policy makers.
Added to this, advocacy will significantly contribute to achieving, political commitment, policy makers' and opinion leaders' support for YAARH programmes, allocation and
mobilisation of adequate resources for YAARH activities, as well as strengthen male involvement in YAARH programmes, improved youth involvement in YAARH programmes
and enhanced public-private partnerships.
This would promote an enabling environment for the enhancement of reproductive health               (RH) status of young adults and adolescents (YAA) in Edo State.


Equitable Access for q uality youth friendly services
Efforts must be made to establish sustainable and equitably distributed youth--friendly, gender sensitive services in public/private health institutions including youth centres
within the limits of available resources particularly for rural, urban and other under-served communities. The content, effectiveness and implementation of services provided must
within the limits of available resources particularly for rural, urban and other under-served communities. The content, effectiveness and implementation of services provided must
be based on existing international, national and state guidelines.


Youth Involvement and Participation
Young people constitute about 40% of the total population in Edo state. They have an important role in the promotion and success of their own reproductive health. As such,
they must be empowered through the provision of information and services within the home, schools, workplace and communities. This would enhance their involvement and
participation as major stakeholders in the implementation of various aspect of the strategic plan.


Capacity building and skills development
This will promote the development of human resources in the delivery of quality ARH information and services. Specifically, training will be geared towards bridging the gap
between the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of YAA and the skills and attitudes of service providers as well as lead to the development of the skills of YAA to enable
them deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life.


Education and Counselling
All young people must be equipped with the required knowledge and an enabling environment for the development of their psychosocial competence to adopt healthy
reproductive behaviours. This information needs to be provided right from their pre-adolescent years.


Monitoring and Evaluation
The management information systems (MIS) must be strengthened for effective monitoring and evaluation of YAARH services. In addition, the implementation capacities of health
workers must also be strengthened for effective monitoring and supervision of YAARH programs.


Research
Capacities of human resources must be developed especially for YAA oriented researches in the collection of health data, rational use of existing data sources and interpretation of
its analysis for program planning as well as for the conduct of relevant operational researches.


Resource mobilisation:
The success of this Strategic Plan and the achievement of its set objectives will depend on the ability to mobilise and commit resources to its implementation. Therefore, efforts
should be directed at actively generating sufficient resources to facilitate the efficient & timely execution of all the programmes included     in this Strategic Plan.
Financial resources will be mobilised from government annual budgetary allocations; grants from state and local governments; assistance from international donors/development
agencies and contributions from the private sector and persons of goodwill. In the long term the state and local government will be required to allocate at least 5% of their annual
budgetary expenditure on young adult and adolescent reproductive health development programmes.


CHAPTER 4:                  OUTCOME INDICATORS
The following indicators can be used for effective monitoring of YAARH programmes in Edo State. Almost all of these indicators can be collected within the existing routine data
collection system. In addition, more data can be sourced from the NDH   surveys conducted periodically to measure changes in the YAARH status        on the basis of which
modifications can be made to the Strategic Plan.
The findings should be utilised for the monitoring of progress made at all levels and subsequent improvement of programme planning and management.
        -                      Reduction in unwanted pregnancy among YAA in Edo State
        -                      Reduction in number of YAA who resort to induced abortion
        -                      Reduction in the number of YAA who are involved in sex trafficking and child labour
        -                      Improved health seeking behaviour of YAA in Edo State
        -                      Increase in the proportion of YAA practicing sexual abstinence
        -                      Increased proportion of YAA delay of onset of sexual activity
        -                      Increase in proportion of sexually active YAA using condoms
        -                      Reduction in proportion of young girls who experience female genital mutilation
        -                      Increase in proportion of parents, guardians and opinion leaders who are    willing to speak out against the practise of FGC
        -                      Increased knowledge about existing laws/policies on   RH in Edo State among YAA
        -                      Increase in number of people advocating for implementation of existing laws on     RH in Edo State
        -                      Improved socio-economic status of youth
        -                      Increased job opportunities for YAA in Edo State
        -                      Increase in proportion of parents, guardians and teachers who communicate     RH information to their adolescent wards
        -                      Increase in number of males involved in YAARH activities & programmes Increased political will to implement YAARH policies
        -                      Regular availability of official & NGO publications on the status of YAA and database on ARH
        -                      Increase in the proportion of YAARH services offered in rural areas of Edo State
        -                      Increase in proportion of YAA who have access to sexuality education in life planning skills
        -                      Increase in the number of schools who offer comprehensive sexuality education, including FLE & LPS in their schools curricula
        -                      increase in the proportion of available facilities that provide youth friendly reproductive health services at all levels of the health care delivery system including
        private and public institutions
        -                      Increase in the proportion of service providers who undergo regular training on ARH problems & their management
        -                      Increase in budgetary allocation for YAARH programmes.




Chapter Five:               LOGICAL FRAMEWORK


Strategy: Social Mobilisation and Advocacy _________________________________________________________________________
Objective 1: To improve political commitment and community support for the implementation of YAARH programs and policies.
      Activities                 Target          Responsible         Time         Verifiable              Means of                      Risks & Assumptions

                               population       Person/Group                      indicators            verification
                                                       s
 ) Conduct analysis of       Policy makers,     NGOs, CEOs,           4           Developed               Reports of                           Risks:                    2C
 takeholders including         Healthcare         donor             months       stakeholders            stakeholders                    Lack of interest of

    policy makers                providers,       agencies,                            profile          meeting held                          identified
                                politicians,     government                                                                               Stakeholders and
                                  parents,        agencies                                                                               responsible persons
                                 teachers,       (SMWASD,                                                 Available                            /groups
                                community          SMOH)                                                 stakeholders
                              leaders, youth                                                                profile                         Lack of funds
                                  groups,
                                                                                                                                            Assumptions:
                               government
                                 officials,                                                                                               Broad spectrum of
                              religious and                                                                                                  stakeholders
                               traditional

                               leaders and

                                 media
) Train advocates on          NGOs/CBOs,        NGOs, CEOs,           6         # of advocates             Report of                           Risks:                    5(
advocacy and social           youth groups,       donor             months       identified &              training                     Poor commitment of

mobilisation skills for        parents and        agencies,                           trained                                            potential advocates
         ARH                     media           government                                             Project report
                                                  agencies                       # of trainings                                          Lack of interest of
                                                 (SMWASD,                              held                                              responsible persons
                                                   SMOH)                                                                                       /groups



                                                                                                   Strategy: Social Mobilisation and Advocacy
                                                    Objective 1: To improve political commitment and community support for the implementation of YAARH programs and policies.

     Activities           Target population       Responsible                Time                  Verifiable           Means of        Risks & Assumptions Cc

                                                Person/Groups                                      indicators      verification                                 3

                                                                                                                                          Lack of financial

                                                                                                                                               resources

                                                                                                                                            Assumptions:
                                                                                                                                           Availability of
                                                                                                                                               human

                                                                                                                                               resources
,3) Train media                 Media             NGOs, CSOs,                  1                  No of media           Report of                Risks:             30
actitioners on ARH           practitioners          donor                    month                 personnel            training
                                                                                                                                        Lack of commitment
 sues and the use of                               agencies,                                         trained                                      on
  enter educate                                   government                                                       Media reports           part óf media
ogrammes to reach                                  agencies                                      No of training                             practitioners
                                                                                                                          and
      youths                                                                                       workshops       programmes             Lack of resources
                                                                                                     held            on ARH
                                                                                                                                            Assumptions:
                                                                                                                          issues
                                                                                                   No of ARH
                                                                                                                                        Availability of human
                                                                                                    programs                                  resources
                                                                                                  produced and                             Availability of
                                                                                                                                             information
                                                                                                  implemented                                  on ARH
                                                                                                    by media

                                                                                                 organizations.
 Develop advocacy           Policy/decision         Trained                    6                 # of advocacy       Available                  Risk:               30
 and adapt existing            makers -            advocates,                months              kits developed    advocacy kits         Lack of financial &

aterials on ARH for          government,             donor                                                                                 human resources
 dvocacy purposes           community &            agencies,                                                            Report of
                               religious            YAARH                                         # of existing         activity
                                leaders,            network                                         materials
                                naronfc                                                            mrian}pri                                Assumptions:

                                                                                                   Strategy: Social Mobilisation and Advocacy

                                                    Objective 1: To improve political commitment and community support for the implementation of YAARH programs and policies.
      Activities                 Target          Responsible        Time          Verifiable               Means of                 Risks & Assumptions             C

                               population       Person/Group                     indicators             verification                                            _
                                                     s
                                 parents,                                             adapted                                      Available materials to
                                teachers,                                                                                               develop kits
                               youths and

                                 media

                               gatekeepers
5) Hold sensitisation          Community        NGOs, CSOs,         3month          No of              Activity reports                      Risks:                 5(
workshop to increase             leaders,       Youth groups,         s           awareness                                             Resistance by
   awareness about          traditional birth      policy                         campaigns             Impact survey                  profiteers of sex
xisting legislàtion on         attendants,       champions,                          and                   reports                  trafficking and FGC
FGC, Sex trafficking,        health workers,      Schools,                        workshops
FGC, Sex trafficking,             health workers,              Schools,                                 workshops
  Violence against                victims of FGC,               media                                    held for           Case files on           Socio-cultural barriers
  women , --q > >                 Sex trafficking            gatekeepers,                               identified          violation of
                                     and gender                   law                                     target             legislation                     Assumptions:
 K14-3- 9--0 -6 " , k.L           based violence,            enforcement                               populations                                       Existing laws on sex
                                    profiteers of             agencies,                                                                                 trafficking, violence
                                   sex trafficking           government                                                                                  against women and
                     55 r.57         and FGC,                    agencies                                                                                        FGC

                                       media                     (SMOI ,                                                                                    Human resources
                                    gatekeepers,                 SMOYS)

                                        law

                                    enforcement

                                       agents,

                                      religious

                                   leaders, youth

                                       groups.

                                                                                                                     Strategy: Social Mobilisation and Advocacy
                                                                    Objective 1: To improve political commitment and community support for the implementation of YAARH programs and policies.

     Activities                  Target            Responsible           Time          Verifiable           Means of           Risks & Assumptions                   o
                               population          Person/Group                        indicators          verification
                                                         s
) Conduct advocacy                Policy           NGOs/CSOs,           Continu      # of advocacy        Activity report               Risks:                       60(
                                 makers,
 campaigns for the             government          youth groups,            ous        campaigns                                    Resistance by
implementation of                officials          identified                         conducted                                   profiteers of sex
xisting ARH policies            including             policy                                                                     trafficking & FGM
                                    law
     and laws:                 enforcement         champions in                         Reduced           Impact survey
                                agents &              various                         incidence of            report               Socio-cultural
                                     the
                                judiciary,        communities &                             FGC                                        barriers
                               community               groups,                                            Report of Key
                               leaders and           schools &                      Reduction in #          informant              Assumptions:
                                  media             media gate                        of cases of          interviews           Cooperation of law
                               gatekeepers.         keepers and                     sex trafficking                            enforcement agency,
                                                   other relevant                                                                    judiciary
                                                    stakeholders                      # of reported        Case files on
                                                                                         cases of        violation of the

                                                                                    violation of the        legislation
                                                                                                                                                                     _
                                                                                  legislation
                                                  Strategy: Social MobiliSation and Advocacy

                               Objective 2: To remove socio-cultural and traditional barriers to YAARH.

     Activities                   Target           Responsible          Time          Verifiable           Means of              Risks &                      Cost

                                population         Person/Group                       indicators          verification        Assumptions               N
                                                         s
   responsibility)               religious

                                 leaders,                                                                                     Assumptions:
                                traditional
                               rulers in 18                                                                                      Human
          ~                        LGAs                                                                                         resources
) Community based              Community            NGOs/CSO           Continu          # of               Report of             Risks:                     500,000
dvocacy campaigns                leaders             Media               ous          advocacy             advocacy           Target group

o reduce/eliminate              religious          gatekeepers                        campaigns           campaigns              support
   harmful sacio-                leaders,                                               held.
cultural/traditional              policy                                                                Impact Survey        Financial and
 practices Z-G e >             champions,                                                                  reports               human
                               youths and                                                                                      resources.
                                  parents




                                                                                                        Strategy: CAPACITY BUILDING AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT

 ective 3: To facilitate            the improvement of the socio-economic status                                                        of young adults and adolescents.
      Activities                      Target         Responsible            Time                       Verifiable                       Means of .                       Risks &                  Cost

                                    population           Person/Group                                   indicators                     verification                           Assumptions    N
                                                               s
1) Conduct situation                Youths in            NGOs/CSOs,                  6                 # of youths                          Reports of                           Risks:          500,000
analysis of the socio-              18LGAs                SMOYS,                   months                 reached                           situation                           Financial

onomic profile of YAA                                    SMOWASD,                                                                            analysis                           resources
                                                         NDDC, NDE
                                                                                                                                                                              Assumptions
                                                          and donor
                                                          agencies                                                                                                         Human resources
 Develop and expand                 In-School            NGOs/CSOs,               Continu                , # Of                             Available                            Risks:          200,000

                                                                            Strategy: Social MobiliSation and Advocacy

                                                        Objective 2: To remove socio-cultural and traditional barriers to YAARH.
                                                 Objective 2: To remove socio-cultural and traditional barriers to YAARH.

      Activities                   Target         Responsible              Time             Verifiable               Means of                       Risks &           Cost
                                  population     Person/Group                               Indicators              verification                  Assumptions    N
                                                       s
1) Conduct situation               Youths,         NGOs/CSOs,               6               # of socio-                  Report of                   Risks:          700,000
 analysis of existing            community         state & LG             months            cultural &                   situation                   Lack

 socio-cultural and                leaders,        authorities                              traditional                  analysis                 Community
traditional barriers.              parents,                                                   barriers                                             support &
                                  religious                                                  identified                                           cooperation
                                   leaders,

                                 traditional

                                 rulers in 18                                                                                                                         _
                                   LGAs
      2) Design                    Youths,         NGOs/CSOs               12                   # of                     Report of                  Risks:           200,000
 interventions based             community        state and LG            months            interventio                  activity                  Human &

  on the situation                  leaders,       authorities                                   ns                                                financial
analysis (to include                parents,                                                 designed               Developed                      resources
  mobilisation of                  religious                                                                       interventions
      support.)                     leaders,                                                                                                      Community
                                  traditional                                                                                                       support
                                 rulers in 18
                                                                                                                                                                      _
                                   LGAs
3) Train advocates to            NGOS/CSOs        NGOs/CSOs, -              6                   # of                     Report of                   Risks:          500,000
 mainstream gender                 Govt.            Donor                 months             trainings                   training                 Stakeholders

   issues into ARH                agencies,          agencies                                  held                                              commitment &
programmes (rights,                 Youths,                                                                                                         support
  inequality, male               community                                                      # of
virginity, attitude to             leaders,                                                 participant                                            Financial
      female and                   parents,                                                 s involved                                             resources
                                                      agencies,                         developed                                    materials

                                                     ANCOPPS,                                                                   Inadequate

                                                                                                                                    financial

                                                                                                                                    resources
   2) Promote peer               In - school         NGOs/CSOs,            Continu     # of in-school     Report of club              Risks:           500,000

  education through              and out-of-             PTA,                ous           clubs            activities               Political
                                                                                                                                      support
formation of in-school          school youth          ANCOPPS,                         established &      Project M & E
                                                                                                                                    &
                                                     government                         functioning           report
  and out-of-school                                                                                                             commitment
      youth clubs                                    and relevant                        # of out-                                     from
                                                                                                                                     relevant
                                                      agencies,                        school clubs
                                                                                                                                 authorities
                                                   proprietors and                     established &
                                                     employers of                       functioning
                                                        youth

      3) Conduct                           _         NGOs, Youth           Continu         No of            Report of                 Risks:          N500,000

seminar/skids building          Female/male        groups, SMOH,             ous       seminars/wor          seminar            Commitment

    workshops for                adolescents                                              kshops                                from female

     female/male                 in 18 LGAs                                              organised                              adolescents

    adolescents to                                                                          # of                                 Financial ,
                                                                                                                                  resources
   increase safe sex                                                                   female/male
 practices, including                                                                   adolescents
   delay on sexual                                                                       involved
debuts, decrease in #

  of sexual partners,

consistent and correct

 use of condoms and

ceptives.
         >
  (4) Advocate for                    _              NGOs/CSOs,               12       # of schools           School                  Risks:           500,000

    inclusion and                   PTA,            youth groups,          months     implementing          curriculum               Political
                                                                                                                                      will &
  implementation of              ANCOPPS,          PTA, COSSTS,                          sexuality
                                                                                                                                support at all
    comprehensive               legislators &         ANCOPPS                            education
                                                                                                                                      levels
sexuality education in             SMOE,                                                 curricula

   school curricula                SMOH,

                                  SMOYS,

                                 SMOWASD

                                  and other
                                                                 Strategy: Education and counselling

                     Objective 4: To encourage and improve youth-parent, youth-teacher communication and improvement of peer-to-peer
              communication.                                                                                                                          _
              communication.                                                                                                                                             _
      Activities                    Target                   Responsible             Time         Verifiable                 Means of                             Risks &                             Cost
                                  population                Person/Group                           indicators            verification                          Assumptions                                04
                                                                  s
                                                                                                   trained &

                                                                                                  functioning
  2) Organise IEC                   Parent,                 Youth groups,          Continu      # of activities           Report of                                Risks:                       1,000,000

activities to improve               teachers                 NGOs, PTA,                ous         organized              activities                           Cooperation

parent-child, youth-              and youth                  ANCOPPS,                                                                                          from relevant

teacher and peer-to-                                         government                                                                                         authorities

peer communication                                             agencies
                                                                                                                                                                 Human &
  through debates,                                                                                                                                               financial
quizzes, dramas and                                                                                                                                              resources
other similar fora.47
) Develop curriculum                  PTA                   Schools, PTA,          Continu        Developed               Curriculum                               Risks:                       N300, 0 0

or parental education                                        Proprietors,              ous        curriculum                                                     Financial

       on ARH                                                   NGOs,                                                                                          resources • -

                                                             ANCOPPS,

                                                                SMOE




                                                                       Strategy: Capacity building and Skills Development

                                  Objective 5): To equip young adults and adolescents with correct information and skills to deal with the various

                                                                               reproductive health (RH) challenges.
                Activities               Target                              Responsible          Time         Verifiable                        Means of                   Risks &            Cost
                                                      I
                                                                            Person/Group                               indicators               verification           Assumptions              N
                                                  population
                                                                                   s                                               _
               1) Develop                      Young adults                 NGOs & youth                 6              # of IEC               Available IEC                 Risks:          N500, 0       0

        appropriate, and adapt                       and                    groups, SMOE               months          materials                 materials,           Inappropriate                        _
        existing IEC materials                  adolescents                 and relevant                               adapted &                                        adaptable

                                                                                                                                                 2

                                                                                   Strategy: CAPACITY BUILDING AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT
                         state, L.G.As programs                                              centres                                     es                                           resources, human
                         on skill acquisition and                                                                                                                                       resources and
                         micro credit facilities                                                                                                                                      youth population.
                               e.g. NAPEP, NDE,

                                NDDC, NFEC.

                                                                                                                                                  r


                                                                                                                          Strategy: Education and counselling
                                                         Objective 4: To encourage and improve youth-parent, youth-teacher communication and improvement of peer-to-peer communication.
                 Activities                       Target          Responsible         Time         Verifiable           Means of            Risks &           Cost

                                               population             Person/Group                                indicators            verification            Assumptions

                                                                            s                                         _
                 1) Conduct                    Teachers,              NGOs,/CSOs              Continu           # & types of              Training                Risks:                 1,000,000
           training/seminars for                parents,              Proprietors &             ous               training                 report               Cooperation

          parents, teachers and                    youth              employers of                                 modules                                     from relevant
              youth groups on                     groups,             youth, PTA,                                 adapted &             Teacher &                authorities
          communication about                                          ANCOPPS,                                      used                   peer
                ASRH issues                                             SMOE &                                                           educators               Human &
           including HIV/AIDS,                                           related                                # of teachers             Activity               financial
            contraceptive use,                                          agencies                                  trained &                report                resources
              abortion sexual                                                                                    functioning
            violence, FGC, sex
                                                                                                                  # of peer
                trafficking.
                                                                                                                   parents

                                                                                                                  trained &

                                                                                                                functioning

                                                                                                                  # of peer

                                                                                                 educators
                                                                   Strategy: CAPACITY BUILDING AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT
            interventions for in-                 and Out-Of-                 Govt                 ous             interventio            interventions               Donor support

          school and out of school                  School                 agencies,                                   ns                     developed             and commitment
             youth to include:                       youth                Corporate -                              developed,
                                                                          Institutions,                                                       Report of
               For in-school:                                               private                                  No of                    activity
               •        Provide                                             sources,                               beneficiari
                 scholarship for                                            NDDC,                                      es
            scholarship for                                      NDDC,                                  es
           indigent students                                 Multinationals.
                                                             NDE, NAPEP,
     •         Create enabling                                    NFEC.
         environment for work

            while in school

     •         Create vacation

jobs

     •          Provide bursary

                 awards

         For out-of-school

 •            Skills acquisition

                training

     •          Provide micro

            credit facilities

•            Provide support for

          youths who wish to

          return to school
      3) Create awareness                Youths in            NGOs, CSOs,             1            # of youth          Report of                Risks:                      200,000
    about existing national,             18 LGAs              Youth friendly        month          beneficiari         activity               Financial

                                   relevant govt.                                                                        '

                                     agencies
 5) Train teachers on                 Relevant                YAARH                 6           # of trainings       Report of             Risks:                500,000
 sexuality education                  subject                 network,            Months             held            training             Lack of

          curriculum                  teachers,             SMOE, Donor                                                                 commitment
                                        school               agencies                           # of teachers                          from teachers
                                     counsellors                                                     that ,
                                                                                                participated                             Financial
                                                                                                                                         resources




                                                       Strategy: Equitable access to quality adolescent youth friendly services
         Objective 6: To increase availability of,              and accessibility to quality        adolescent youth RH.servlces.                            -
                                                                                                                                              Risks &              Cost
              Activities ,                  Target                Responsible          Time         Verifiable          Means of
                                                                                                                                            Assumptions                      14
                                         population             Person/Groups                        Indicators        verifiction
              1) Integrate               Government              NGOs/CSOs,                18           # of          Assessment of            Risks:              500,000

            comprehensive                   health                  SMOH,             months        comprehen         youth'friendiy      Political will &

           adolescent youth             facilities and             SPHCDA,                           sive youth       service units           support

         friendly service units            primary                 owners of                          friendly       Project M & E
                                          health care            private health                        service          reporte
         into existing primary

         and secondary health              centres,                 clinics                             units

             care facilities                SMOH,

                                            school

                                            health

                                            clinics,

                                            private

                                        health clinics
            2) Staffing and              Integrated             Government at         Continu         # of staff        Asse rent              Risks:                  7M

          equipping of AYFS                 youth                  all levels;          ous           recruited              repo               killed-

            units to provide               friendly              NGOs/CSOs,                                                                  personnel
                                                                                                    # and type..      M & feport
            information and              service units               donor                                of                               Political will
          services on VCCT,                                        agencies
                                                        Strategy: Equitable access to quality adolescent youth friendly services

                                      Objective 6: To increase availability of, and accessibility to quality adolescent youth      RH services.
                Activities                 Target             Responsible             Time           Verifiable           Means of              Risks &                     Cost

                                           population            Person/Groups                        indicators       verification          Assumptions           }
                                                                                                      equipment                              and support
  STD management                                                                                    equipment                                          and support

      HIV/AIDS,                                                                                      provided

    .contraceptive

  commodities, PAC
3) Establish a logistics            AYFS units                     PPFN,              Continu       Availability         Contraceptive                    Risks:               1,000,000

 committee to ensure                and centres               SMOH/RH                   ous              of               commodities                    Lack of

availability and timely                                            Dept.,                           contracepti                                       commitment

       supply of                                            Development                                  ve                                       from committee

     contraceptive                                                Partners,                         commoditi                                            members

 commodity to AYFS                                                YAARH                                  es                                       Lack of political
          units                                                   network                                                                               good will
    4) Sensitise the                 Youth &                Government,               Continu       # of youth            Report from                     Risks:                       _

community and youths                community                 NGOs/CSOs,                ous            using                    centres               Socio-cultural            300,000

on the availability of                leaders                 community                             AYFS units                                           barriers
                                                                                                                         Activity report
   adolescent youth                                        leaders, media                                                                              Inadequate
   friendly services                                        gate keepers,                                                                             staff strength
                                                            youth groups                                                                              to cope with

                                                                                                                                                           #s
5) Establish and equip               18 LGAs                       18 LG                 18             # of               Assessment                     Risks:                   200M

  youth development                                        councils, state            months        established                 report                  Financial

  centres to provide                                               govt.,                                and                                            resources,

recreational, resource                                     philanthropists,                         functioning
                                                                                                                                                          Donor
 and skill acquisition                                     corporate orgs                             centres
                                                                                                                                                      commitment,
   services and RH                                                & multi-                          # of youth
                                                                                                                                                      Political will
      information                                          nationals, dev.                             using
                                                                                                                                                       and support
                                                                  partners,                           centres
                                                            NGOs/CSOs,
                                                Strategy: Equitable access to quality adolescent youth friendly services .

                              Orb ective 6: To increase availability of, and accessibility to quality adolescent youth     RH services,
       Activities                    Target            Responsible             Time           Verifiable            Mean0f              Risks &                                        Cost

                                    population            Person/Groups                             Indicators            verific ion                 Assumptions                          N
                                                              NDDC
                                                                                                      No of

                                                                                                      centre

                                                                                                    equipped,

                                                                                                      No of

                                                                                                     facilities

                                                                                                    available
 6) Create awareness                 Youth &                Government,              Continu        # of youth            Report from                     Risks:                   300,000

  on the existence of               community               NGOs/CSOs,                  ous            using                    centre                Socio-cultural

      the youth"                      leaders                 community                               youth                                              barriers
                                                                                                                        Activity report
 development centres                                      leaders, media                            developme                                          Inadequate
                                                           gate keepers,                               ntal                                           staff strength
                                                            youth groups                              centres                                         to cope with

                                                                                                                                                            #s




                                                                              Strategy: Capacity Building and Skill development

           Objective 7: To improve                                            the capacity of reproductive health personnel         to provide youth. riendly RH services
                     Activities                      Target                   Responsible         Time             Verifiable              Means of                      Risks &                   Cost

                                                   population               Person/Group                           Indicators             verification                 Assumptions             N

                                                                                  s
               1) Adapt existing                     RHSP at                  NGOs/CSOs,         6month              # of                  Available                      Risks:               N250,000
             training modules for                    various                    SMOH               s                modules                s,                          None existing

              various ASRH issues                 levels in the                                                     adapted                o                             training
             including HIV/AIDS,                     18LGAs                                                                                    acts                     Modules for
                   PAC, FGC,                                                                                                                                              certain
                                                                                                              A

                                                                 Strategy: Capacity Building and Skill development

Objective 7: To improve the               capacity of reproductive health                  personnel to provide youth-friendly                   H services
                                                                                                                                                                           -
          Activities                       Target               Responsible           Time           Verifiable                 Means of                Risks &                   Cost

                                         population            Person/Group                             Indicators             verification           Assumptions                             X

                                                                     S                                                                                                                    -
              _                               _                                                                                                      categories of

  contraceptives, abortion                                                                                                                                  RHSP

             etc

                                                                                                                                                       Financial

                                                                                                                                                       resources,

                                                                                                                                                        Human
                                                                                                    _                                                                                    _
                                                                                                                                                        resources
   2) Conduct training for                 RHSP at             NGOs/CSOs,         Continu                 No of                Reports of                 Risks:                       1M

    various categories of                  various            SMOH, LGAs,             ous               training                 training              Financial

   ARH service providers                levels in the           NDDC and                             conducted                                         resources,

      to include PAC,                      18LGAs                  donor
                                                                                                          No of                                          Human
       contraceptive,                                            agencies                                                                               resources
                                                                                                         service
      management of                                                                                     providers
       STD/HIV/AIDS                                                                                      trained

 3) Train patent medicine                   Patent            NGOs, SMOH,              6             # of people                Report of                   Risks:                    N350,000

   dealers and traditional                medicine            donor agencies       Months               reached                  activity               Laçk of

  medicine practioners on                  dealers,                                                                                                   commitment
                                                                                                          # of
   the recognition of SRH                traditional                                                                                                  from patent
                                                                                                        trainings
  symptoms, management                    medicine                                                                                                     medicine
                                                                                                          held
    and existing referral                practioners                                                                                                  dealers and

           systems                                                                                                                                     traditional

                                                                                                                                                       medicine

                                                                                                                                                      practioners

                                                                                                                                                       Financial

                                                                                                                                                        resources


                                                                                                    Strategy: Resource Mobilisation

                                           Objective 8: To mobilise and maximise human and financial resources for YAARH                    pr                                                      ms and
                        activities.
                                                                                                                           _
                                      Activities                   Target              Responsible                 Time          Verifiable           Means'pf .                       Risks &                Cost
                                                                 population           Person/Group                               Indicators           verlflc*tlon                    Assumptions               N
                                                                                            S
                              1) Train advocates on              NGOs/CSO             NGOs/CSOs,                    6                # of              Report of                     Risks:                  500,000
                             resource mobilisation to             s, youth              donor                     months          trainings            training -                 Commitment

                              include mobilisation of               groups              agencies                                 conducted                                             of trained
                                   contraceptive                                                                                                                                       advocates
                                 commodities from                                                                                     # of
                             private, public and other                                                                              persons
                                      sources                                                                                      trained                                                                         _
                                  2) Fund raising                   Govt,               Trained                     6            # of targets          Finanj Íi l                   Risks:                  200,000
                                                                   private             advocates                  months              met                report                   Commitment

                                                                  sources,                                                                                                        and support of
                                                                   CSOs,                                                          Funds              Report of fund                target groups
                                                                 developme                                                       mobilised          raising activity
                                                                    ntal

                                                                  partners,

                                                                 other donor

                                                                  agencies




                                                                                                              A




                                                                   Strategy: Monitoring and Evaluation

   Objective 9: To establish mechanisms                                        and systems for monitoring and evaluation of YAARH programs.
       Activities                   Target                  Responsible         Time          Verifiable          Means of             Risks &                                 Cost
                                  population               Person/Group                       indicators         verification        Assumptions                       N
     _                                                           S
   1) Adept existing tools                Govt                 Govt,              2                       _           Available tools              Risks:              150,000
  1) Adept existing tools       Govt                Govt,               2                    _       Available tools         Risks:            150,000

                                                                                  # of M & E
  for M & E of YAARH          agencies,          NGOs/CSOs,          months           tools              for M&E           Human &

       programmes             NGOs/CSO          specialists in                     identified                              financial
                              s, service            data                                                                   resources
                              providers          processing


   2) Train advocates            Govt               Govt,              6               # of          Training report        Risks:             300,000
    including service         agencies,         NGOs/CSOs,           months         trainings                            Commitment
  providers-and young         NGOs/CSO          specialists in                     conducted                              of trainee
  people on the use of        s, service             data                                                                 advocates
       these tools            providers,          processing                           # of
                               youths.                                            individuals                              Financial
                                                                                    trained                                resources
3) Conduct regular data          Govt               Govt            Continu        Frequency           M & E report          Risks:            500,000
collection, analysis and      agencies,           agencies,           ous          of M & E                                Financial
    dissemination for         NGOs/CBO          NGOs/CSOs,                           report                                resources
  planning and service        s, service        specialists in
                                                                                      # of               Available
      improvement              providers             data
                                                  processing                      publication           publications
                                                                                     s on               on YAARH

                                                                                   YAARH                   issues

                                                                                     issues

                                                                                 Availability

                                                                                       of

                                                                                  Monitoring
                                                                                     instrument s at
                                                                                    various levels


                                                                               MIS operational at all levels




                                                  Strategy: Youth Involvement and Participation
                               Objective 10: To encourage youth participation and involvement in ARH programmes.
         Activities              Target           Responsible          Time         Verifiable        Means of             Risks &               Cost
                               population        Person/Group                       Indicators       verification        Assumptions       N
                                                       s
1) Hold leadership training      Peer             NGOs/CSOs,         Continu          # of             Report of          Risks:           500,000
    for youths in youth        educators,         community            ous         trainings       training activity   Commitment on

 organisations and social     community          leaders, youth                       held                               part of youth
           clubs                   youth        groups, YAARH                                       Project M & E           leaders
                                 leaders,           network                        # of youth            report
                               leaders of                                            leaders
                                   youth                                             trained
                              organisation

                                    s
     2) Establish and           Public &           SMOE &            Continu       # of peer              List of           Risks:         500,000
 strengthen peer clubs in        private            related            ous           clubs              functioning      Financial &

   schools on ARH issues        schools,          agencies,                       established           peer clubs          human
  (for both in-school and      vocational           NGOs,                                                                  resources
   out-of-school youths)        centres,         SMOH, CSOs,                       # of peer           Report of
                                 NFEC              YAARH                              clubs         activities from     Approval from
                                                   network                         strengthen       each peer club        relevant
                                                                                       ed                                 authority

                                                                                                       M & E report

                                                                                      # of

                                                                                  participatin

                                                                                   g schools

                                                                                      # of

                                                                                    students

                                                                                  participatin

                                                                                        9
  3) Conduct community          Youth in          Community          Continu          # of               Report of           Risks:            500,000

   based youth exchange       urban & rural         leaders,           ous         exchange               activity        Community

        programme             communities         NGOs/CSOs,                       programs                                support &

                                                 youth groups,                        held             M & E Report      commitment

                                                  State Min of                     # of youth                             Traditional
                                                Youth & Sports,                  participating                              beliefs
                                                 State Min o f                    in programs                          Lack of financial
                                                 Women Affairs                                                            resources \
                                                                                      # of
                                                 & Soc. Dev. &
                                                                                  communitie
                                           LG authorities,
                                                                     s involved
                                              YAARH

                                             network
4) Organise annual youth     Youth in       NGOs/CSOs,       month   # of youth      Report of        Risks:       N300,000

       conference          urban & rural   youth groups,                 that        conference   Commitment on

                           communities        YAARH                  participated                  part of youth

                                              network                                                 leaders
                                                                     Conference
                                                                        held
                                                                                                   Financial &

                                                                                                      human

                                                                                                     resources

                                                                                                  Approval from

                                                                                                     relevant

                                                                                                     authority




                                                                                36
                                                                                             36
References
      1.           Profile of the Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Young Adults W Edo State, Nigeria: A Situation Analysis Report.
      2.      National Reproductive Health Strategic Framework and Plan 2002-2006: Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, June 2002.
      3.           National Reproductive Health Policy and Strategy: Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, July 2001.
      4.      National Adolescent Health Policy: Federal Ministry of Health, 1995
      5.      National Strategic Framework for Adolescent Reproductive Health in Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Health, 1999
      6.      National Youth Policy and Strategic Plan of Action: Abuja, February 2001.
      7.      Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Nigeria: National Guideline Taskforce.
      8.      National Sexuality Education Curriculum for Upper Primary School, Junior Secondary School, Senior Secondary School, Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: Nigerian
      Educational Research and Development Council.
      9.           Time for Action: Report of the National Conference on Adolescent Reproductive Health in Nigeria 26-29 Jan 1999, Abuja, Nigeria.
      10.     HIV/AIDS Emergency Action Plan (HEAP), March 2002

								
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