Battle by accinent

VIEWS: 22 PAGES: 8

									Military Events of the Civil War



                 Guided Notes for Unit on Battles of Civil War

Battle:     Fort Sumter
Date: April, 1861
Location: Charleston, South Carolina


Important People of the Battle: Major Robert Anderson
General Pierre Beauregard


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Confederacy


Significance (Why Important): All hopes of compromise ended----WAR!!!




Battle: Bull Run
Date: July, 1861


Location: Bull Run, Virginia - Manassas Junction



Important People of the Battle: General Irwin McDowell/General Winfield
Scott, General Robert E. Lee/General “Stonewall” Jackson
Military Events of the Civil War


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Confederacy
Significance (Why Important): Showed both sides, especially North, how
unprepared and inexperienced they were in war
inflated Southern overconfidence




Battle: Antietam
Date: September, 1862


Location: Antietam Creek, Maryland


Important People of the Battle:
General George E. McClellan, General Robert E. Lee


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Union


Significance (Why Important):
The bitterest and bloodiest day of the war. Gave the North a great
diplomatic advantage. Enabled President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation
Proclamation. Convinced Britain and France not to actively take the side of
the Confederacy



Battle: Gettysburg
Date: June-July, 1863


Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Military Events of the Civil War



Important People of the Battle:
General George G. Meade, General Robert E. Lee/General George E.
Pickett


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Union


Significance(Why Important):
Lee’s defeat was his worst to date. From now on the Southern cause was
doomed. President Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address. Turning point
of the war. Pickett’s Charge Fails



Battle: Vicksburg
Date: May-July, 1863


Location: Vicksburg, Mississippi


Important People of the Battle:
General Ulysses S. Grant-Union


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Union


Significance(Why Important):
Five days later Port Hudson, Louisiana fell to Union hands. Union controls
the Mississippi River. The Confederacy is split it two by the Mississippi
Military Events of the Civil War



Battle: Between the Merrimack and the Monitor
Date: March, 1862


Location: Virginia waters of Chesapeake Bay


Important People of the Battle:
the Monitor. the Merrimack, later named the Virginia


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy):
Stand-off but the Merrimack withdrew

Significance(Why Important):
First battle-testing of the new IRONCLADS. End of the wooden warships.
South can’t break the blockade of the Union.


Event: “March to the Sea”
Date: 1864-1865


Location: from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Atlanta, Ga to Savannah, Ga, to
Columbia, S.C. to Raleigh, N.C.



Important People of the Battle:
General William T. Sherman. General Joseph E. Johnston



Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy):
Military Events of the Civil War




Significance(Why Important):
Destroyed supplies destined for the Confederate army.
Weakened morale of the men at the front by waging war on their homes
“Total war”/ path of destruction




Battle: Chattanooga
Date: October, 1863


Location: Chattanooga, Tennessee
Important People of the Battle:
General Ulysses S. Grant. General Braxton Bragg


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Union


Significance(Why Important):
Separates Confederacy further. Eliminates Chatanooga as a rail center for
the South




Battle: Shiloh
Date: April, 1862


Location: Shiloh, Tennessee-Mississippi Border
Military Events of the Civil War



Important People of the Battle:
General Ulysses S. Grant. General Johnston



Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy):


Significance(Why Important):
Grant says “I gave up all idea of saving the Union except by complete
conquest”




Battle: Appomattox Court House
Date: April, 1865


Location: Appomattox Court House
Important People of the Battle:
General Ulysses S. .General Robert E. Lee


Victor(winner)(Union or Confederacy): Union


Significance(Why Important):
The War is OVER. The Rebels are our countrymen again.
Military Events of the Civil War



Commanders of the Union Army of the Potomac
Musical Chairs
Winfield Scott-drew up the Anaconda Plan for the war then succeeded by
George C. McClellan followed by
John Pope followed by
George C. McClellan again followed by
Ambrose Burnside followed by
Joseph J. Hooker followed by
George G. Meade followed finally by the man that was able to win
Ulysses S. Grant____________




The changes were made by Lincoln in an attempt to find a General that
would be able USE the army in the best way to win the war. Lincoln was
frustrated numerous times that his generals would not take the fight to the
Confederacy.


Commander of the Northern Army of Virginia- Robert E. Lee

Songs of the War
     North- “Battle Hymn of the Republic”
     South- “Dixie”

Nicknames
     North- “Boys in Blue”, “Billy Yank”, “ Yankee”
     South- “Boys in Gray”, “Johnny Reb”, “Rebel”

Flags
        North- ”Stars and Stripes”:
        South- ”Stars and Bars”

Quotes:
Military Events of the Civil War


      “War is Hell”
      “...and that government of the people, by the people, and for the
people, shall not perish from the earth.”
      “A house divided against itself cannot stand”
      “A rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight.”

								
To top