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REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

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					REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT
IN MASHREQ AND MAGHREB COUNTRIES                                   Syria SWM Cost Recovery Study/ToRs




    Strengthening Solid Waste Financing and Cost Recovery Framework in
                                   Syria


                      Terms of Reference for a Financial Analyst


BACKGROUND

       The present Terms of Reference cover the preparation of an analysis and
recommendations for enhanced and effective cost recovery mechanism for municipal solid
waste in Syria.

        Syria generated an estimated 3.5-5.5 million tones of municipal solid waste in 2002,
growing at an estimated 2.5-3.5 percent per year. Municipal solid wastes have been
inadequately managed for many years in the country. Waste collection systems have left
large areas (up to 80 percent in some cases) of towns and cities that are not serviced or under-
serviced. The majority of collected waste dumped in facilities lacks any effective controls.
Composting, although widespread, has generally not been effectively implemented; important
recycling activities are undertaken in at least some cities (particularly Damascus). Hazardous
wastes may be inappropriately managed with non-hazardous municipal wastes.

        Work has been undertaken in several of the major cities in Syria to develop waste
management plans in support of either specific component of waste management systems or
on MSW in general. Solid waste management plans have been developed for major cities
such as Homs, Latakia, and Aleppo. In the absence of an overall policy identifying national
objectives and priorities, this work has established project priorities without reference to a
broader national agenda.

        Financing of waste management infrastructure is being undertaken through central
government allocations, and international grant and loan initiatives. Waste management is
not a government line item, and financing of capital and equipment is undertaken on an
exception basis. Generally, a state planning commission reviews annual municipal
infrastructure requests and allocates budget accordingly.

       In 2003, the Ministry of Local Administration and Environment initiated the
elaboration of a national SW master plan. This master plan covered the whole chain of SWM
except the collection and focus on transfer, processing and disposal facilities. It consisted of
the collection of base data on municipal solid waste (input and output for each area),
preparation of technical reports with needed technologies, equipment, required operation and
maintenance (consumables, personnel, etc.), general layout plans, preliminary executions
programs and projected costs for each facility. The technical reports are then to be used in
tendering priority investment projects. The total investments for the next 10 years are
estimated to USD 400 million.


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THIS PROJECT IF FUNDED BY EC, EXECUTED BY THE WORLD BANK AND HOSTED BY ANPE
REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT
IN MASHREQ AND MAGHREB COUNTRIES                                   Syria SWM Cost Recovery Study/ToRs




       The implementation of the above master plan will require great efforts for the
mobilisation of financial resources for both investment and operating costs. It is reported that
the cost of the planned municipal solid waste system will be around 420 SP/inhabitant/year or
10 times more the existing one. Therefore, strengthening the current solid waste cost recovery
system is a must.

       The Ministry of Local Administration and Environment (MOLAE) recognized the
urgent need for immediate action and established on June 22, 2004 a national working group
to study cost recovery issues. The main tasks of this group include: (a) analysis of the current
solid waste financing and cost recovery framework, (b) identification of alternatives and
options for improvements, and (c) recommend the best option to ensure financial
sustainability of the planned systems.

       Within this context the MoLE requested RMG assistance for the mobilisation of a
short term consultant (financial analyst) in order to assist and guide the above national
working group in carrying out its assigned tasks.

OBJECTIVE OF THE MISSION

         The key objective of the present assignment is to assist the Government of Syria in
strengthening the existing MSW financial and cost recover framework. More specifically, the
consultants will assist the above national working group to develop and recommend
appropriate cost recovery mechanisms including fees/tariff structures and cost recovery
targets.

        The Consultant will rely principally upon readily available data. Original data
collection will be furnished with the assistance of MOLAE and Damascus Municipality.
Other involved parties (members of the working group) will also provide and arrange access
to appropriate records and reports as necessary for the mission.

KEY TASKS OF THE CONSULTANT

The consultant will start its assignment by carrying out a short mission (7 days) in Damascus
Syria to (a) discuss and validate the scope of the work with the MoLAE and the National
Working Group; (b) collect and complement relevant data and information; and (c) discuss
wit key stakeholders options and alternatives identified. More details on key tasks are as
follow:


Task 1: Cost analysis of MSW services


      The working group will collect available data on operating and investment costs of the
       existing SWM services including those provided through the private sector on the
       basis of a list prepared by the consultant



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THIS PROJECT IF FUNDED BY EC, EXECUTED BY THE WORLD BANK AND HOSTED BY ANPE
REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT
IN MASHREQ AND MAGHREB COUNTRIES                                    Syria SWM Cost Recovery Study/ToRs



      The consultant will analyse those data

      The consultant will conduct a comprehensive cost analysis of the current municipal
       solid waste collection, transport, treatment and disposal services;

      The consultant will prepare projections of operating and maintenance (O&M) costs for
       the next 10 years of operation of the whole MSW system including existing and
       proposed new services and facilities under the prepared Master Plan.

      The working group will conduct a market assessment on the achievements and
       potentialities of recycling and composting activities in Syria. On the basis of these
       data, the consultant will identify potential sources of revenues and evaluation of
       possible financial inputs of waste recovery and recycling activities as well as potential
       composting activities.

Task 2: Assessment of current institutional responsibilities for financing MSW and
current revenue levels for MSW

   With the support and the backing of the National working group, the consultant will:

      Assess the existing financial management responsibilities for the solid waste sector by
       the various institutions in Syria Analysis;

      Identify key national sources of finance for waste management investments including
       government budget transfers, international sources, municipal funds, etc.;

      Identify and evaluate national and/or municipal fiscal/legal instruments for MSW
       indirect sources of revenues (ex: Property taxes, etc.);

      Estimate the potential revenues based on the current fees/taxes recovery systems and
       relevant collection rate; and

      Estimate the current and future gaps between revenues and costs estimated under Task
       1 and prepare a cash flow analysis including forecasts of revenues and expenditures
       associated to SWM services for 10 and 15 year Horizons;

Task 3: Development of MSW new cost recovery options

   The working group, with the backing of the consultant, will:

      Based on the above and other factors deemed relevant by the consultants will develop
       possible alternatives for cost recovery in Syria;

      analyze the feasibility of the above alternatives, and determine the phasing-in schedule to
       move from partial to full cost recovery; describe the pros and cons for each alternative,
       estimate the cost to each household for each alternative cost recovery mechanisms. These



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THIS PROJECT IF FUNDED BY EC, EXECUTED BY THE WORLD BANK AND HOSTED BY ANPE
REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT
IN MASHREQ AND MAGHREB COUNTRIES                                   Syria SWM Cost Recovery Study/ToRs



       proposals should take into consideration current legal and institutional framework and
       above developed finding resources alternatives.

      Based on the above development, the consultants will recommend the most appropriate
       cost recovery scheme to the Syrian context and draft a detailed schedule of associated
       rates.

Task 4: Implementation Plan

      In close coordination with the National Working Group members, the consultants will
       identify the steps, decisions and actions needed to implement the various
       recommendations of the present assignment.

 EXPECTED OUTPUT REPORTS

       Deliverable #1 –Draft Report: It shall be submitted to the MOLAE within the time
schedule set out below. The core of the Draft Report will be the results of all tasks. The Draft
Report should be prepared in English. The MOLAE will have 2 weeks to review and
comment on the Draft Report.

       Deliverable #2 - Final Report. The Final Report shall be submitted to the the
MOLAE within the time schedule set out below. The Final Report will provide complete
details of all work performed, analyses made and justification of options and
recommendations proposed. The Final Report should have an Executive Summary prepared
in Arabic, and a Main Report prepared in English.

ASSAIGNMENT SUPERVISION & TIME SCHEDULE

       The work of the Consultant would be supervised by the MoLAE in close coordination
with RMG/ANPE. The Department of SWM among the MoLAE will be the focal point for
coordination with all other ministries, agencies and any other member of the National
Working Group. The MoLAE will assure free access to all existing data and to all relevant
operations and facilities. The Client will also provide liaison and contacts with the local
authorities and other key stakeholders.

       The following is the time schedule for the production of the reports described above.

                            MILESTONE                                     WEEKS TO
                                                                         COMPLETION
 1. Contract signature                                                       0
 2. Submit Draft report                                                      4
 3. Comments issued by Client                                                6
 5. Submit Final Report                                                      8




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THIS PROJECT IF FUNDED BY EC, EXECUTED BY THE WORLD BANK AND HOSTED BY ANPE
REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT
IN MASHREQ AND MAGHREB COUNTRIES                                    Syria SWM Cost Recovery Study/ToRs



LEVEL OF EFFORT & TIME FRAME:
It is proposed that the Consultant will avail a total of 34 person-days for the completion of
this assignment. It is anticipated that the Consultant would complete the work over a duration
of maximum 2 months [February 2005] until [Marsh, 2005], including review time of reports.

QUALIFICATION OF THE CONSULTANT
The required qualification of the consultant should be as follow:

      Financial analyst or economist with over 10 years of related experience,
      Very well familiar and thorough knowledge of solid waste issues
      Fluency in Arabic and English required with excellent written and oral
       communications skills.

BUDGET

The budget of the proposed assignment is estimated to a total of 8500 euros (34@250
euros/day). The perdiem and travel cost related to country visit will be reimbursed




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THIS PROJECT IF FUNDED BY EC, EXECUTED BY THE WORLD BANK AND HOSTED BY ANPE

				
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