DISASTER RESILIENCY CENTER and Advanced Practices Training and Research Institute For The Greater Silicon Valley Robert J Dolci Chief, Protective Services Director, Emergency Services NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field Moffett Field Disaster Response and Recovery Complex Silicon Valley Disaster Resiliency Center Collapsed Structure Training Facility Proposed Location Silicon Valley Disaster Resiliency Center Disaster Response and Advanced Emergency Responder Recovery Complex Training Institute Regional Logistics Facility Advanced Practices and Training Responder Base Camp Disaster Simulation Village Mobilization Center Collapsed Structure Complex (NS) Emergency Operations Applied Research and Technology Laboratory Remote and In Situ Sensing and Imaging Autonomous Vehicles and Platforms Data Integration, Analysis and Communication Modeling and Simulation Disaster Resiliency Center All Hazard, All Risk, All Function Advanced Practices Training Program Warehousing - 76,000 s.f. Minimum Receive, Store, and Distribute Commodities House Responder Assets Includes Cold Storage for Medical and Other Supplies Provides Storage Capacity for Participating Partners: Government, Non-profit and Profit Orgs One Block Away from the FEMA Territorial Supply Facility Do We Need Such A Facility? • What is a Disaster Resiliency Center (DRC) and how does it differ from a Disaster Response and Recovery Center (DR&RC)? • What is an Advanced Practices and Research Institute? • Katrina from a DRC Perspective • Why a DRC is Needed in the Bay What Is A DRC? In Short- A DRC is a centralized facility and capability established in advance of a disaster to effectively manage the resources from all responding agencies during response and recovery operations. The difference between a DRC and a DR&RC is that a DRC has pre disaster functions. More Specifically a DRC is a local and/or state pre-established regional response and recovery facility that is not federally managed but has a formalized working relationship with DHS/FEMA. – During a declared disaster a DRC is: • A state and/or federal Logistics and/or Operations Staging Area • A point of arrival and departure for state and federal assets • An Disaster Command and Control Center • A Base of Operations for Response and/or Recovery Teams • A Joint Operations Center • A Regional Mobilization Center • An Emergency Communications Center If there is a catastrophic event in the Bay Area, Federal and State emergency response assets will need one or more strategically located places to manage regional disaster response and recovery operations. – There are two key functional elements of disaster response: • Search and Rescue • Commodity Distribution and Emergency Sheltering – There are three key elements of disaster recovery: • Reconstruction • Long Term Care of the Displaced • Business Continuity Pre Disaster a DRC is an Advanced Practices and Research Institute An APRI is a training/education institution that provides advanced concepts training for all types of emergency responders; a laboratory to test new innovative techniques, training, procedures and technologies; as well as a component that advances technologies which can be utilized in emergency response and recovery operations. In Addition Pre Disaster a DRC/APRI is • A location for conducting advanced regional/national exercises • A test-bed for advanced technology and methodology development • A facility to store commodities for disaster relief • A place to meet and preplan • A place to manage a regional common operating program What Have we Learned From Prior Disasters? A Look at Katrina Katrina’s Ad Hoc DR&RC in Mississippi • FEMA and MEMA (Mississippi Emergency Management Agency) were able to established a Disaster Response and Recovery Center (DR&RC) nearly real time because: – NASA Stennis was available and it had many of the necessary “ingredients” • Stennis facilities and personnel enabled FEMA, MEMA and Local Government • Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that there will be an adequate Federal facility available when a disaster strikes – New Orleans, Louisiana did not have a facility available to establish a DR&RC FEMA/MEMA Operations • NASA Stennis became the prime Logistics Staging Area and Operational Staging Area for 6 Counties (400,000 People) providing support for: • 33 commodity distribution centers (70 PODs) • 6 emergency fuel stations • 6 Disaster Medical Assistance Teams • 1 Disaster Mortuary • 10 emergency shelters • 40 fire stations • Multiple emergency search and rescue teams ~130 Places requiring support FEMA/MEMA Operations at NASA Stennis • ~ 500 18-Wheelers delivered millions of tons of MREs, Ice and Water • In the first week- 19,700,000 Pounds of Ice, 2,600,000 Gallons of water, and 1,800,000 MREs • One month Later 40,000,000 tons of ice, 5,500,000 gallons of water, 2,750,000 MREs (ran out after third week) • FEMA/MEMA managed 4 Base Camps, 1 Airfield, and supported 5 Military Camps at Stennis • Based camps cared for thousands of emergency and military responders and support personnel FEMA/MEMA Ops FEMA/MEMA Team On any given day, at any given time, there were over 100 individuals working at the Command Center representing over 50 different agencies/organizations. Stennis Airfield Boeing 747 Delivering Commodities Airlift operations in the first week accounted for 45% of the water and food delivered in the six Gulf Counties. ANG C-130 Delivered Commodities ANG Chinook Helicopter transported water, ice and MREs to inaccessible rural areas 3 0f 70 PODS Supply Trucks Transfer Operation Care and Feeding Responders Urban Search and Rescue Response (New Orleans) • Depending on the Magnitude of the event, as many as 28 FEMA US&R teams may show up. – More or less self sufficient for three days – Fly in or drive in – Greater need than commodity distribution teams • Hazardous environments • More tools and equipment • Greater medical needs • Far greater physical demands • Canines US&R Response to N.O. BOO Do We Need A DRC/APRI In The Bay Area? What if we had had a 7.0 magnitude earthquake on the Hayward Fault? According to the USGS, there is a 62% probability that the Bay Area will experience a 6.7 magnitude, or greater, earthquake within the next 30 years. Santa Clara County has 1.75 million residents ~ 25% of the Bay Area’s population San Mateo County has 700 thousand residents ~10% of the Bay Area’s population Compare that to the ~400,000 in the 6 Mississippi Counties Comparing Just Santa Clara County with the 6 Mississippi Counties Mississippi Had: Santa Clara County Would Require: • 33 commodity distribution • ~500 commodity distribution centers centers (70 PODs) (including PODS) • 6 emergency fuel stations • ~80 Red Cross and other Shelters • 6 Disaster Medical • All available Disaster Medical Assistance Teams Assistance Teams • 1 Disaster Mortuary • Numerous Disaster Morgues • 10 emergency shelters • ~75 Fire Stations • 40 fire stations • Numerous Emergency Fuel Stations • Multiple emergency search • All available emergency search and and rescue teams rescue teams ~130 Places requiring ~1000 Places requiring support support New study by Hayward Earthquake Alliance and Risk Management Solutions believe that next major Hayward fault quake will be catastrophic Anticipate an Earthquake of M6.8 or greater on the Hayward Fault • A major earthquake on the Hayward Fault, in a highly populated section of the San Francisco Bay Area, is due. – The last major earthquake on the Hayward Fault was in 1868, 140 years ago • Research by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) indicate the past five such earthquakes have been 140 years apart on average. – A Hayward Fault EQ will adversely impact up to 5 Million people • Damage will likely exceed $1.5 Trillion • Up to 70% of the loss will be sustained in Alameda and Santa Clara Counties - The majority of that being in Alameda County Serious Damage to Bay Area Infrastructure • Oakland and San Francisco international airports and nearly all the region's port facilities are built on materials prone to earthquake damage. – The capacity to deliver the goods needed to support recovery would be significantly diminished • Earthquake caused damage to the bay area’s water storage and distribution systems could cut off water to 2.4 million Bay Area residents. • Could close up to 1,100 roads, including 900 in Alameda County alone.