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 and Advanced Practices Training
  and Research Institute For The
      Greater Silicon Valley
                   Robert J Dolci
             Chief, Protective Services
           Director, Emergency Services
      NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field
        Moffett Field

Disaster Response and
  Recovery Complex
 Silicon Valley Disaster Resiliency Center
Collapsed Structure Training Facility

                       Proposed Location
     Silicon Valley Disaster Resiliency Center
    Disaster Response and                      Advanced Emergency Responder
      Recovery Complex                                Training Institute
    Regional Logistics Facility                   Advanced Practices and Training
    Responder Base Camp                           Disaster Simulation Village
    Mobilization Center                           Collapsed Structure Complex (NS)
    Emergency Operations

  Applied Research and
  Technology Laboratory
Remote and In Situ Sensing and Imaging
Autonomous Vehicles and Platforms
Data Integration, Analysis and Communication
Modeling and Simulation
Disaster Resiliency Center
  All Hazard, All Risk, All
Function Advanced Practices
     Training Program
        Warehousing - 76,000 s.f.
Receive, Store, and Distribute
House Responder Assets
Includes Cold Storage for Medical and
Other Supplies
Provides Storage Capacity for
Participating Partners: Government,
Non-profit and Profit Orgs

One Block Away from the FEMA
Territorial Supply Facility
Do We Need
  Such A
• What is a Disaster Resiliency Center
  (DRC) and how does it differ from a
  Disaster Response and Recovery
  Center (DR&RC)?
• What is an Advanced Practices and
  Research Institute?
• Katrina from a DRC Perspective
• Why a DRC is Needed in the Bay
         What Is A DRC?
In Short- A DRC is a centralized facility
and capability established in advance of a
disaster to effectively manage the
resources from all responding agencies
during response and recovery operations.

The difference between a DRC and a
DR&RC is that a DRC has pre disaster
More Specifically a DRC is
a local and/or state pre-established regional
response and recovery facility that is not federally
managed but has a formalized working relationship
with DHS/FEMA.
– During a declared disaster a DRC is:
    •   A state and/or federal Logistics and/or Operations Staging Area
    •   A point of arrival and departure for state and federal assets
    •   An Disaster Command and Control Center
    •   A Base of Operations for Response and/or Recovery Teams
    •   A Joint Operations Center
    •   A Regional Mobilization Center
    •   An Emergency Communications Center
If there is a catastrophic event in the Bay Area,
Federal and State emergency response assets
will need one or more strategically located places
to manage regional disaster response and
recovery operations.

– There are two key functional elements of disaster response:
   • Search and Rescue
   • Commodity Distribution and Emergency Sheltering
– There are three key elements of disaster recovery:
   • Reconstruction
   • Long Term Care of the Displaced
   • Business Continuity
Pre Disaster a DRC is an
Advanced Practices and
   Research Institute
An APRI is a training/education institution that
provides advanced concepts training for all types of
emergency responders; a laboratory to test new
innovative techniques, training, procedures and
technologies; as well as a component that advances
technologies which can be utilized in emergency
response and recovery operations.
         In Addition
 Pre Disaster a DRC/APRI is
• A location for conducting advanced
  regional/national exercises
• A test-bed for advanced technology and
  methodology development
• A facility to store commodities for disaster
• A place to meet and preplan
• A place to manage a regional common
  operating program
What Have we Learned
From Prior Disasters?
   A Look at Katrina
       Katrina’s Ad Hoc DR&RC in
• FEMA and MEMA (Mississippi Emergency
  Management Agency) were able to established
  a Disaster Response and Recovery Center
  (DR&RC) nearly real time because:
  – NASA Stennis was available and it had many of the
    necessary “ingredients”
     • Stennis facilities and personnel enabled FEMA, MEMA and
       Local Government
     • Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that there will be an
       adequate Federal facility available when a disaster strikes
  – New Orleans, Louisiana did not have a facility
    available to establish a DR&RC
   FEMA/MEMA Operations
• NASA Stennis became the prime Logistics
  Staging Area and Operational Staging Area
  for 6 Counties (400,000 People) providing
  support for:
  •   33 commodity distribution centers (70 PODs)
  •   6 emergency fuel stations
  •   6 Disaster Medical Assistance Teams
  •   1 Disaster Mortuary
  •   10 emergency shelters
  •   40 fire stations
  •   Multiple emergency search and rescue teams
        ~130 Places requiring support
  FEMA/MEMA Operations at
       NASA Stennis
• ~ 500 18-Wheelers delivered millions of tons of
  MREs, Ice and Water
   • In the first week- 19,700,000 Pounds of Ice, 2,600,000
     Gallons of water, and 1,800,000 MREs
   • One month Later 40,000,000 tons of ice, 5,500,000 gallons
     of water, 2,750,000 MREs (ran out after third week)
• FEMA/MEMA managed 4 Base Camps, 1 Airfield,
  and supported 5 Military Camps at Stennis
   • Based camps cared for thousands of emergency and military
     responders and support personnel
FEMA/MEMA Ops         FEMA/MEMA Team

   On any given day, at any given time,
     there were over 100 individuals
    working at the Command Center
      representing over 50 different
                               Stennis Airfield
                                                     Boeing 747 Delivering Commodities

Airlift operations in the first week accounted for
45% of the water and food delivered in the six
Gulf Counties.

                                                      ANG C-130 Delivered Commodities

ANG Chinook Helicopter transported
water, ice and MREs to inaccessible rural
3 0f 70 PODS
Supply Trucks

Care and Feeding Responders
   Urban Search and Rescue
   Response (New Orleans)
• Depending on the Magnitude of the event, as
  many as 28 FEMA US&R teams may show up.
  – More or less self sufficient for three days
  – Fly in or drive in
  – Greater need than commodity distribution teams
     •   Hazardous environments
     •   More tools and equipment
     •   Greater medical needs
     •   Far greater physical demands
     •   Canines
US&R Response to N.O.

Do We Need A DRC/APRI In
      The Bay Area?

 What if we had had a 7.0
 magnitude earthquake on
   the Hayward Fault?
According to the USGS,
there is a 62%
probability that the Bay
Area will experience a
6.7 magnitude, or
greater, earthquake
within the next 30

Santa Clara County has 1.75 million residents ~ 25% of
the Bay Area’s population
San Mateo County has 700 thousand residents ~10% of
the Bay Area’s population

Compare that to the ~400,000 in the 6 Mississippi
Comparing Just Santa Clara County
  with the 6 Mississippi Counties
 Mississippi Had:              Santa Clara County Would Require:
 • 33 commodity distribution   • ~500 commodity distribution centers
   centers (70 PODs)              (including PODS)
 • 6 emergency fuel stations   • ~80 Red Cross and other Shelters
 • 6 Disaster Medical          • All available Disaster Medical
   Assistance Teams               Assistance Teams
 • 1 Disaster Mortuary         • Numerous Disaster Morgues
 • 10 emergency shelters       • ~75 Fire Stations
 • 40 fire stations            • Numerous Emergency Fuel Stations
 • Multiple emergency search   • All available emergency search and
   and rescue teams               rescue teams

 ~130 Places requiring         ~1000 Places requiring
   support                       support
   New study by Hayward
  Earthquake Alliance and
Risk Management Solutions
   believe that next major
Hayward fault quake will be
Anticipate an Earthquake of M6.8 or
   greater on the Hayward Fault
• A major earthquake on the Hayward Fault, in
  a highly populated section of the San
  Francisco Bay Area, is due.
  – The last major earthquake on the Hayward Fault
    was in 1868, 140 years ago
     • Research by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
       indicate the past five such earthquakes have been 140
       years apart on average.
  – A Hayward Fault EQ will adversely impact up to 5
    Million people
     • Damage will likely exceed $1.5 Trillion
     • Up to 70% of the loss will be sustained in Alameda and
       Santa Clara Counties - The majority of that being in
       Alameda County
 Serious Damage to Bay Area
• Oakland and San Francisco international airports and
  nearly all the region's port facilities are built on
  materials prone to earthquake damage.
   – The capacity to deliver the goods needed to support
     recovery would be significantly diminished
• Earthquake caused damage to the bay area’s water
  storage and distribution systems could cut off water
  to 2.4 million Bay Area residents.
• Could close up to 1,100 roads, including 900 in
  Alameda County alone.