New Jersey New Jersey

Document Sample
New Jersey New Jersey Powered By Docstoc
					                 Demographic and Economic Profile

                                    New Jersey
                                            Updated December 2006


Metro and Nonmetro Counties in New Jersey

Based on the most recent listing of core based statistical areas by the Office of
Management and Budget (December 2005), all 21 counties in New Jersey are part of
metropolitan areas1.


                          Metro and Nonmetro
                         Counties in New Jersey



                        Metropolitan Counties
                     Nonmetro Counties:
                         Micropolitan Counties
                         Noncore Counties




                     Source: Office of Management and
                     Budget and U.S. Census Bureau
                     Map Prepared by RUPRI




1
 Because New Jersey has only metropolitan counties, no metropolitan-nonmetropolitan comparisons are
possible in this report.


                                                                                                      1
Population

New Jersey’s population in July of 2005 was 8,717,925, up 3.6 percent from the 2000
Census (Census Bureau population estimates). During the 1990s, the population in New
Jersey increased by 8.6 percent. Nationally, population increased 13.1 percent during the
1990s, and 5.3 percent from April 2000 to July 2005.


         Population Percent                                  Only one county in New
         Change, 1990-2000                                   Jersey lost population
                                                             during the 1990s - Salem
                                                             County. The fastest
                                                             growth during the 1990s
           Population decline
                                                             was in Somerset County in
           Population increase less than 10%
                                                             the New York-Northern
           Population increase 10% to 19.9%                  New Jersey-Long Island
           Population increase 20% or more                   Metropolitan Area, with a
                                                             population increase of 23.8
                                                             percent.
    Source: US Census Bureau
    Census 1990 and 2000
    Map prepared by RUPRI




            Population Percent
                                                             From 2000 to 2005, three
            Change, 2000-2005
                                                             counties in New Jersey lost
                                                             population. The fastest
                                                             growth during this time
           Population decline                                was in Ocean County in the
           Population increase less than 10%                 New York-Northern New
                                                             Jersey-Long Island
                                                             Metropolitan Area, with a
                                                             population increase of 9.3
                                                             percent.

    Source: US Census Bureau
    Population Estimates
    Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                        2
Race / Ethnicity                                         Racial Composition of the Population in
                                                             New Jersey and the U.S., 2005
The population in New              90%                                                                              U.S.
Jersey is 76.6 percent             80%                                                                              New Jersey
white, 14.5 percent African
                                   70%
American, and 7.2 percent
                                   60%
Asian. Nationally, the
                                   50%
population is 80.2 percent
                                   40%
white, 12.8 percent African
                                   30%
American, and 4.3 percent
                                   20%
Asian (2005 Census
                                   10%
Bureau population
                                    0%
estimates).                                   White           African      Amer. Indian/   Asian    Hawaiian/      Two or More
                                                             American      Alaska Native           Pac. Islander     Races

                               Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates




                                          Significant Hispanic
People of Hispanic origin              Population Counties, 2005
make up 15.2 percent of
New Jersey’s population,
compared to 14.4 percent               Hispanic population
                                       accounted for over 20
of the total U.S.                      percent of total population
population. In four New
                                       Other Counties
Jersey counties, people of
Hispanic origin make up a
significant portion (over 20
percent) of total
population, shown in the
map to the right.                 Source: U.S. Census Bureau
                                  Population Estimates
                                  Map prepared by RUPRI




Many areas have                   Hispanic Growth Counties
experienced significant              Counties in which the Hispanic population
                                    more than doubled between 1990 and 2005
increases in the Hispanic
population over the past
decade and a half. The
map to the right shows the
counties in which the                     Hispanic Growth Counties

Hispanic population more                  Other Counties
than doubled between 1990
and 2005.


                                    Source: U.S. Census Bureau
                                    1990 Census and Population Estimates for 2005
                                    Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                                                                 3
Retirement Destination Counties

The Economic Research Service, USDA, classifies counties as retirement destination
counties based on population change due to inmigration. In New Jersey, two counties are
classified as retirement destination counties, shown in the map below.


                      ERS County Typology:
                 Retirement Destination Counties

                  “number of residents 60 and older grew
                  by 15 percent or more between 1990
                  and 2000 due to inmigration ” (ERS,
                  USDA)


                      ERS Retirement Destination Counties
                      Other Counties




                  Source: Economic Research Service, USDA
                  Map prepared by RUPRI




Poverty

The poverty rate in New Jersey in 2003 was 8.9 percent, based on Census Bureau
estimates. Nationally, the poverty rate for 2003 was 12.5 percent. Within New Jersey,
the 2003 poverty rate ranged from 3.5 percent in Hunterdon County to 15.1 percent in
Hudson County.


                  Percent of Population in
                       Poverty, 2003


                                Less than 5.0%

                                5.0% to 9.9%

                                10.0% to 14.9%

                                15.0% or more




                  Source: U.S. Census Bureau,
                  Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates
                  Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                        4
Educational Attainment

The percent of the population age 25 and over that has earned a Bachelor’s Degree or
higher is 24.4 percent in the U.S. and 29.8 percent in New Jersey.


                 Percent of Population 25 Years
                   and Over with a Bachelor’s
                    Degree or Higher, 2000




                               Less than 15%

                               15% to 19.9%

                               20% to 29.9%

                               30% or Higher




                  Source: US Census Bureau
                  Census 2000
                  Map prepared by RUPRI




The Economic Research Service classifies counties as low education counties if “25
percent or more of residents 25-64 years old had neither a high school diploma nor GED
in 2000.” In New Jersey, Cumberland County is classified as a low education county.


                        ERS County Typology:
                       Low Education Counties

                 “25 percent or more of residents 25-64
                 years old had neither a high school diploma
                 nor GED in 2000” (ERS, USDA)




                     ERS Low Education Counties
                     Other Counties




                 Source: Economic Research Service, USDA
                 Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                         5
Health Services

The designation of areas or populations as medically underserved is based on an index of
four variables - the ratio of primary care physicians per 1,000 population, the infant
mortality rate, the percent of the population with incomes below the poverty level, and
the percent of the population age 65 and over (Health Resources and Services
Administration, HHS). Within New Jersey, several areas of the state are considered
medically underserved, shown in the map below.

                          Medically Underserved
                           Areas in New Jersey



                          Medically Underserved Area

                          Medically Underserved Population

                          Governor Defined Area




                  Data Source: Health Resources and Services
                  Administration, HHS
                  Map created by RUPRI Community Information
                  Resource Center Interactive Map Room:
                  http://circ.rupri.orgc



Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) are those areas that “may have shortages of
primary medical care, dental or mental health providers and may be urban or rural areas,
population groups, or medical or other public facilities” (Health Resources and Services
Administration, HHS). Within New Jersey, several areas in the state are designated as
primary care HPSAs, shown in the map below.

                                                             Health Professional
                                                           Shortage Areas (Primary
                                                             Care) in New Jersey



                                                                 Total Population
                                                                 Low Income Population
                                                                 Low Income/Migrant Worker Population
                                                                 Medicaid Eligible Population




                                                               Data Source: Health Resources and Services
                                                               Administration, HHS
                                                               Map created by RUPRI Community Information
                                                               Resource Center Interactive Map Room:
                                                               http://circ.rupri.org




                                                                                                            6
Per Capita Income

Per capita income in New Jersey has exceeded national per capita income over the past
several decades. In 2004, per capita income in New Jersey was $41,626, compared to
$33,050 for the nation.

                                                   Per Capita Income in New Jersey
                                                   and the U.S., 1969-2004 ($2004)
               $45,000
                                     U.S.
               $40,000
                                     New Jersey
               $35,000

               $30,000

               $25,000

               $20,000

               $15,000

               $10,000

                $5,000

                  $-
                         69

                                71

                                       73

                                              75

                                                     77

                                                            79

                                                                   81

                                                                          83

                                                                                 85

                                                                                        87

                                                                                               89

                                                                                                      91

                                                                                                             93

                                                                                                                    95

                                                                                                                           97

                                                                                                                                  99

                                                                                                                                         01

                                                                                                                                                03
                       19

                              19

                                     19

                                            19

                                                   19

                                                          19

                                                                 19

                                                                        19

                                                                               19

                                                                                      19

                                                                                             19

                                                                                                    19

                                                                                                           19

                                                                                                                  19

                                                                                                                         19

                                                                                                                                19

                                                                                                                                       20

                                                                                                                                              20
               Source: Bureau of Ecoomic Analysis, Regional Economic Information System




Within New Jersey, 2004 per capita income ranged from $27,224 in Cumberland County
to $59,384 in Hunterdon County.



                       Per Capita Income, 2004




                                       Less than $30,000

                                       $30,000 to $39,999

                                       $40,000 to $49,999

                                       $50,000 or more




                  Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis,
                  Regional Economic Information System
                  Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                                                                                     7
Employment

In 2004, government and government enterprises accounted for the largest shares of
employment both in New Jersey (13.2%) and the U.S. (13.9%). Retail trade was the
second largest employment sector in both New Jersey (11.2%) and the U.S. (11.0%).


                     Employment by Industry in New Jersey and the U.S., 2004
                                        Farm
                                                                                               New Jersey
         Forestry, fishing, related activities
                                      Mining
                                                                                               U.S.
                                     Utilities
                                Construction
                              Manufacturing
                            Wholesale trade
                                Retail Trade
             Transportation & warehousing
                                 Information
                        Finance & insurance
              Real estate & rental & leasing
           Professional & technical services
  Management of companies & enterprises
            Administrative & waste services
                       Educational services
             Health care & social assistance
          Arts, entertainment, & recreation
           Accommodation & food services
Other services, except public administration
    Government & government enterprises

Source: BEA, REIS                            0%   2%         4%         6%    8%   10%   12%      14%       16%




The ERS Economic                                       New Jersey Counties by
Typology classifies                                    ERS Economic Typology
counties into one of five
industry categories of
specialization or as
                                                       Farming
nonspecialized. The map
                                                       Mining
to the right shows the                                 Manufacturing
classification of New                                  Government
Jersey counties by this                                Services
                                                       Nonspecialized
typology, illustrating the
importance of services to
the New Jersey economy.
                                                  Source: Economic Research
                                                  Service, USDA
                                                  Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                                              8
Unemployment

The 2005 unemployment rate in New Jersey was 4.4 percent, compared to 5.1 percent for
the U.S. Within New Jersey, the unemployment rate ranged from 3.0 percent in
Hunterdon County to 6.4 percent in Cape May County.


                 Unemployment Rate, 2005



                                  Less than 4.0%

                                 4.0% to 4.9%

                                  5.0% to 5.9%

                                  6.0% or more




                  Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics,
                  Local Area Unemployment Statistics
                  Map prepared by RUPRI




Agriculture

Agriculture is an important part of the economy in several regions of New Jersey. The
map below shows the value of agricultural products sold in 2002 for New Jersey
counties. In Cumberland County, the value was over $100 million.


                      Market Value of
                 Agricultural Products Sold,
                            2002


                                   Less than $10M

                                   $10M to $49.9M

                                   $50M to $99.9M

                                   $100M or more




                 Source: Census of Agriculture, 2002
                 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service
                 Map prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                        9
Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship is an
important component to                   CFED Development Report Card for the States
economic development                                      Entrepreneurial Energy
today. Unfortunately, data
that allow us to measure
entrepreneurial activity and
trends is difficult to
ascertain, particularly at the
county level. The 2004
CFED Development Report           Grade
Card for the States rates            A
each state on its                    B
                                     C
entrepreneurial energy,
                                     D
“evaluating the extent to            F                                      Source: CFED
which new firms are               Not shown: Alaska (C) and Hawaii (D)      Map prepared by RUPRI

generated and whether they
are contributing to employment growth.” While this is a state-level ranking, it provides
useful insight as to how a state is performing. New Jersey’s ranking is “A”.

As mentioned, county level indicators of entrepreneurship are difficult to ascertain, but a
good indicator is the proportion of workers that are self employed. The map below
shows self employed workers as a percent of nonfarm private employment in the county.


                    Entrepreneurship in New Jersey:
                           Self Employed as a Percent of
                         Nonfarm Private Employment, 2004




                                Less than 15%

                                15% to 19.9%
                               20% or more




                   Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Nonemployer
                   Statistics and Bureau of Economic Analysis,
                   Regional Economic Information System
                   Map Prepared by RUPRI




                                                                                                10
Data Sources and References

Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Information System
      http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis/

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics
      http://www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm

CFED Development Report Card for the States
     http://drc.cfed.org/

Economic Research Service, USDA, 2004 County Typology
     http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Rurality/Typology/

Health Resources and Services Administration, Department of Health and Human
Services, Designations of Health Professional Shortage Areas and Medically
Underserved Areas and Populations
       http://www.bhpr.hrsa.gov/shortage/

National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.
2002 Census of Agriculture
      http://www.nass.usda.gov/Census_of_Agriculture/index.asp

Office of Management and Budget, Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their
Uses
       http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/bulletins/fy05/b05-02.html

RUPRI Community Information Resource Center Interactive Map Room
     http://circ.rupri.org/

U.S. Census Bureau

       Census 2000
       http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html

       Population Estimates
       http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

       Metropolitan and Micropolitan Area Classifications
       http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metrodef.html

       Nonemployer Statistics
       http://www.census.gov/epcd/nonemployer/

       Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates
       http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/saipe/saipe.html



                                                                                 11
For Comments and Questions on this Report:


           Kathleen K. Miller
         RUPRI Program Director
            (573) 882-5098
            miller@rupri.org




             Contact RUPRI

       Rural Policy Research Institute
      Truman School of Public Affairs
      University of Missouri-Columbia
            214 Middlebush Hall
          Columbia, MO 65211
           (573) 882-0316 Voice
           [573] 884=5310 FAX

            http://www.rupri.org




                                             12

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:92
posted:4/29/2010
language:English
pages:12