Job Stress Lecture 1 by siratiq

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									Organization Theory and Behavior




  JOB
 STRESS
       Atiq ur Rahman
       JOB STRESS

Matteson define stress simply as
 "the interaction of the individual
      with the environment".
         JOB STRESS
      Newman defines job stress as
         "a condition arising from
 the interaction of people and their jobs
      and characterized by changes
       within people that force them
to deviate from their normal functioning“
      JOB STRESS
 In general, "stress" is defined as
an adaptive response to an external
        Situation that results
     in physical, psychological,
    and/or behavioral deviations
   for organizational participants
 JOB STRESS
Stress is not simply
    anxiety
Nor is stress simply
nervous tension
      JOB STRESS

Stress is a source of motivation
and is healthy as long as it is not
        over whelming
    JOB STRESS

 A world without stress
would be a boring place
     JOB STRESS
Three stages of Stress:
         Alarm
     Resistance
     Exhaustion
      JOB STRESS
     In the alarm stage
an outside stressor mobilizes
 the internal stress system
         of the body
      JOB STRESS
          Symptoms are
 physiological reactions such as
        increased pituitary
      adrenaline secretions
noticeable increases in respiration
  heart beat and blood pressure
 and a heightening of the senses
     JOB STRESS
 If the stressor continues
then stress moves into the
      resistance stage
    JOB STRESS
    During resistance
   the body calls upon
       the needed
     organ or system
to deal with the stressor
      JOB STRESS
There may be a great deal of
  Resistance to one stress
   and may be little, if any,
to other, unrelated stressors
    JOB STRESS
  If the stressor persists
over a long period of time,
the adaptive mechanisms
 during the second stage
  may become drained,
  and exhaustion sets in
        JOB STRESS
    Besides the physiologically
    oriented approach to stress
attention is also being given to the
 psychological or the behavioral
        dimensions of stress
          JOB STRESS
 Extra organizational stressors
                     include
 societal/technological change of the family
relocation, economic and financial conditions
     residential or community conditions
       JOB STRESS

A balance of physical, mental, and
social well being is called wellness
     JOB STRESS
   Rush, mobile, urbanized
crowded, on the go life style
 in general has deteriorated
         their wellness
     and the potential for
     stress has increased
    JOB STRESS
Women experience more
 psychological distress
 than men, but men are
  more prone to serve
    physical illness
  JOB STRESS
    Examples of
Extra Organizational
      Stressors
        ????
    JOB STRESS

Organizational Stressors
are also associated with
 the organization itself
JOB STRESS
 Examples of
Organizational
  Stressors
    ????
           JOB STRESS
            GROUP MEMBERSHIP
     A person is a member of many groups;
          family, office, neighborhood.
The group has tremendous influence on behavior.
The group can also be a potential source of stress.
       JOB STRESS
      These group stressors
can be categorized into three areas
  1 Lack of group cohesiveness
     2 Lack of social Support
            3 Conflict
           JOB STRESS
    1 Lack of group cohesiveness
 Cohesiveness or “togetherness” is very important
   to employees, especially at the lower levels
     of organization. If an employee is denied
the opportunity for belonging or because the other
    members of the group shut the person out,
         this can be very stress-producing.
        JOB STRESS
     2 Lack of social Support
 Employees are greatly affected by the
 support of one or more members of a
 group. By sharing their problems and
 joys with others, they are much better
   off. If this type of social support is
lacking for an individual, it can be very
                  stressful.
         JOB STRESS
                3 Conflict
       This is normally associated with
 incompatible or hostile acts between intra-
   individual dimensions such as personal
goals or motivational needs/values, between
   individuals within a group, and between
     groups, is another source of stress.

								
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