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									                                        Romania

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                       UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme

                                   Progress report

             Period of activity: 1 October 1998 - 1999-30 March 2000

                   UNESCO Chair in Integrated Rural Development

           Report established by: Prof. Ramiro A. Sofronie, Chairholder



                                   I.     Activities

1.Education/Training/Research

Rural Rehabilitation Technologies – Post graduation

Duration : Daily course, one academic year 1998-1999

Participants: 10

Target groups: Graduate students

Partnership: Romanian Consortium of Universities

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Rural Rehabilitation Technologies – Post graduation

Duration : Daily course, one academic year 1999-2000

Participants: 10

Target groups : Graduate students

Partnership: Romanian Consortium of Universities

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Rural Rehabilitation Technologies—Post graduation

Duration Long distance Course, one academic year 1998-1999

Participants: 10
Target groups : Postgraduate students

Partnership: Romanian Consortium of Universities

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Rural Rehabilitation Technologies- Post graduation-

Duration Long distance Course, one academic year 1999-2000

Participants: 5

Target groups : Postgraduate students

Partnership: Romanian Consortium of Universities

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Training

Management of Urban Waste. - Workshop

Duration : three days, 02-04.11.1998

Participants: 120

Target groups : Undergraduate students, graduate students, postgraduate students,
academics, public administrators, employees from industry

Partnership (please specify the name of the Institution, city, country):Caledonian
University of Glasgow (UK); Technical University of Timisoara (RO), Technical
University of Iasi (RO), ARGIF PROIECT Pitesti (RO), IRIDEX Group Bucuresti (RO),
CJ Mures – Tg.Mures ®), Naue Fastertrechnik (D)

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: International

Instrumentation for Seismic Protection of Environment.-Workshop

Duration one day , 26.03.1999

Participants: 28

Target groups : Graduate students, postgraduate students, academics

Partnership (please specify the name of the Institution, city, country): Technical
University of Iasi (RO), INCRERC Iasi (RO)

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Workshop
Ecological materials and technologies for constructions.-

Duration :two days, 16-17.09.1999

Participants: 60

Target groups : Undergraduate students, graduate students, postgraduate students,
academics, employees from industry

Partnership (please specify the name of the Institution, city, country) CO.FA
CONSTRUCT Pitesti (RO)

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

The Kocaeli Earthquake Turkey Technical data and its lesson according to the
Eurocode 8.

Duration one day, 18.10.1999

Participants: 80

Target groups : Graduate students, postgraduate students, academics, employees
from industry

Partnership (please specify the name of the Institution, city, country) INCERC
Bucuresti (RO)

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Outputs: According to Annexes 4 and 5

The Kocaeli Earthquake Turkey Technical data and its lesson according to the
Eurocode 8. - Workshop

Duration one day 04.11.1999

Participants: 120

Target groups : Graduate students, postgraduate students, academics, employees
from industry

Partnership (please specify the name of the Institution, city, country) ARIS Iasi (RO),
AICPPS Iasi (RO), INCERC Iasi (RO)

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

Research
Integration of advanced measurements techniques for monitoring the environment
and geodynamic factors for rehabilitation of rural space, CNCSIS No.490/97, 115/98,
141/99.

Duration: 3 years, 1997-1999

Target groups: Postgraduate students and academics

Partnership: INCERC Iasi, Romania

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: National

INCO Copernicus Project IC15-CT96-0208 Inresquakepact Innovative techniques to
increase resistance to earthquake of cultural heritage buildings and to reduce the
impact

Duration: 3 years, 1998-2000

Target groups: Postgraduate students and academics

Partnership: University of Trieste, Italy, IGME Athens, Greece, IGGG Ljubljana,
Slovenia, GEOS SRL Bucharest, Romania, Geodynamic Institute Bucharest,
Romania

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: Regional- Europe

INCO Copernicus Project IC15-CT97-0203-Euroquake

Towards European Integration in Seismic Design and upgrading of Building
Structures

Duration: 3 years, 1998-2000

Target groups: Postgraduate students and academics

Partnership: University of Bristol, UK, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, ISMES and
JRC-Ispra Italy, University of Skopje, Makedonia, Science Academy of Slovakia in
Bratislava.

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: Regional- Europe

2.Conferences/Congresses/Meetings

Workshop on Seismic Performance of Monuments.

Dates and place: November 12-18, 1998 Lisbon, Portugal

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants: About 60
Geographical coverage for participants and partners: Regional Europe

Outputs: Scientific paper Annex 4

IAHS World Congress on Housing.

Dates and place: June 1-7, 1999, San Francisco, California

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants: About 300

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

International Workshop on Seismic Performance of Built Heritage in Small Historic
Centres

Dates and place: April 22-24, 1999. Assisi, Italy

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants: About 120

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

IABSE Symposium

Dates and place: August 25-27, 1999, Rio de Janeiro

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants; About 200

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

The IASS 40th Anniversary Congress

Dates and place: September 20-24, 1999, Madrid, Spain

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants: About 300

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

Second European Workshop on the seismic behavior of asymmetric and set-back
structures.

Dates and place: October 8-10, 1999 Istanbul, Turkey
Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants: About 65

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

The 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering

Dates and place: January 30 – February 4, 2000 Auckland, New Zealand

Participants: About 2,100

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

The third Japan-Turkey Workshop on Earthquake Engineering.

Dates and place: February 21-25, 2000 Istanbul, Turkey

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Participants: About 120

Geographical coverage for participants and partners: International

3.Missions / Travels abroad

Destination: JRC Ispra, Italy

Purpose: INCO Copernicus 0203 annual meeting

Duration: 2 days

Outputs: Testing data and scientific papers

Destination: IGME Athens, Greece

Purpose: INCO Copernicus 0208 annual meeting

Duration: 2 days

Outputs: Field data and scientific papers

Destination: University of California, Berkeley and Davis

Purpose: Lectures

Duration: 4 days

Outputs: Scientific exchange of ideas and cooperation
4.Visiting professors / Fellowships

      Number: 2

      Duration: 7 days

      University of origin: Glasgow Caledonian University, UK

      Number: 2

      Duration: 3 days

      University of origin: Trieste University and IGME Athens

      Number: 2

      Duration: 5 days

      University of origin: Euromin Trieste, Italy

5.Information and documentation activities

Destination: Istanbul, Izmit, Adaparzi, Turkey

Purpose: Post-seismic inspection

Duration: 2 days

Outputs: Data collection and documentation

Destination: Athens, Greece

Purpose: Post-seismic inspection

Duration: 2 days

Outputs: Data collection and information

6.Others

             Beginning with October 16, 1999 Prof. Ramiro Sofronie was elected at
             the ICOMOS

             Meeting held in Mexico as an associate member of the International
             Scientific

             Committee for Analysis and Restoration of Architectural Heritage,
             ISCARSAH.
                                       II. Impact

All education and research activities of the UNESCO Chair were carried out at high
level of exigency. In this way the Chair gained professional and scientific authority as
a Centre of Excellence. At present time the Chair is networked with over 20
universities and research units over the world.

All education and research activities of the UNESCO Chair were carried out at high
level of exigency. In this way the Chair gained professional and scientific authority as
a Centre of Excellence. At present time the Chair is networked with over 20
universities and research units over the world.



                                 III. Forthcoming activities

Continuing post-graduate courses and long distance learning activities as well as the
research work already engaged by our Chair.

Attending some of special scientific events like the 5thInternational Congress on
Restoration of Architectural Heritage FIRENZE 2000 and the Congress "Two
thousands years and more of Structures and Architecture" to be held in Bethlehem
Palestine.

Concluding at the end of the year of the two still running INCO Copernicus Projects.

                             IV. Development prospects

Submitted applications for three FP5, one Leonardo da Vinci, two Ecoleader and two
National Projects of Research and two National Projects for Higher Education.

Continuing post-graduate courses and long distance learning activities as well as the
research work already engaged by our Chair.

Attending some of special scientific events like the 5thInternational Congress on
Restoration of Architectural Heritage FIRENZE 2000 and the Congress "Two
thousands years and more of Structures and Architecture" to be held in Bethlehem
Palestine.

Concluding at the end of the year of the two still running INCO Copernicus Projects.

                             IV. Development prospects

Submitted applications for three FP5, one Leonardo da Vinci, two Ecoleader and two
National Projects of Research and two National Projects for Higher Education.

                                       Outputs

                                      Publication
                   Title of activity: Education/Training/Research

Title: Planning and systematization of rural space

Author(S): Prof. Bold Ion; Dr. Craciun Avram

Publisher(s) Ed.Mirton, Timisoara

Year: 1999

Number of pages: 792

Type of document/material:

Book

Teaching/learning material

Language(s): Romanian

Main keywords (4 or 5): planning, surveying, consolidation, management

SHORT ABSTRACT

The book is a synthesis of the way of an ordered and well-balanced development
territory, as a reflection of the co-coordinated intervention of economic, technical and
social sciences in the land management. The concepts of the book are meant to help
obtaining such understanding, considering that it contains most of the knowledge and
legislation concerning philosophy and the methodology of land reclamation. The aim
of the book is to help those interested in understanding the problems through a
unitary concept, offering them qa large knowledge of this field as a reference source
and as didactic and designing instrument, at the level of both science and practice,
worldwide and in Romania.

Title: Rural Bioclimatology

              Author(S): Dr. Gabriela Popa

              Publisher(s) : UNESCO Chair

              Year: 1998

Number of pages : 120

              Type of document/material:

Teaching/learning material

Language(s) : Romanian
Main keywords (4 or 5): Climatic change, ecology, radiation, rain, weather

SHORT ABSTRACT

The manual contains a description of the main climatic phenomena. There are
presented then the instruments used in this field. It contains also grphs and practical
cases.

Title: Modelling the works of rural rehabilitation

              Author (S): Prof. Alexe Gheorghe

              Publisher(s): UNESCO Chair

              Year: 1998

Number of pages 157

              Type of document/material:

Teaching/learning material

              Language(s): Romanian

              Main keywords (4 or 5): computing programs, strategy, typical units

              SHORT ABSTRACT

The manual presents first the typical activities submitted to mathematical modeling.
After theoretical development there are presented typical applications of immediate
interest for users.

                    Title of activity: Education/Training/Research

Title: Planning and systematization of rural space

Author(S): Prof. Bold Ion; Dr. Craciun Avram

Publisher(s) Ed.Mirton, Timisoara

Year: 1999

Number of pages: 792

Type of document/material:

Book

Teaching/learning material
Language(s): Romanian

Main keywords (4 or 5): planning, surveying, consolidation, management

SHORT ABSTRACT

The book is a synthesis of the way of an ordered and well-balanced development
territory, as a reflection of the co-coordinated intervention of economic, technical and
social sciences in the land management. The concepts of the book are meant to help
obtaining such understanding, considering that it contains most of the knowledge and
legislation concerning philosophy and the methodology of land reclamation. The aim
of the book is to help those interested in understanding the problems through a
unitary concept, offering them qa large knowledge of this field as a reference source
and as didactic and designing instrument, at the level of both science and practice,
worldwide and in Romania.

Title: Rural Bioclimatology

              Author(S): Dr. Gabriela Popa

              Publisher(s) : UNESCO Chair

              Year: 1998

Number of pages : 120

              Type of document/material:

Teaching/learning material

Language(s) : Romanian

Main keywords (4 or 5): Climatic change, ecology, radiation, rain, weather

SHORT ABSTRACT

The manual contains a description of the main climatic phenomena. There are
presented then the instruments used in this field. It contains also grphs and practical
cases.

Title: Modelling the works of rural rehabilitation

              Author (S): Prof. Alexe Gheorghe

              Publisher(s): UNESCO Chair

              Year: 1998

Number of pages 157
             Type of document/material:

Teaching/learning material

             Language(s): Romanian

             Main keywords (4 or 5): computing programs, strategy, typical units

             SHORT ABSTRACT

The manual presents first the typical activities submitted to mathematical modeling.
After theoretical development there are presented typical applications of immediate
interest for users.

Title: Technologies for prevention natural hazards

Author(S): Prof. Ramiro Sofronie

Publisher(s) : UNESCO Chair

Year 1998

Number of pages 140

Type of document/material:

             Teaching/learning material

             Language(s) Romanian

             Main keywords (4 or 5): climatic change, earthquakes, floods, and
             landslides

SHORT ABSTRACT

There are presented first the main natural hazards with their specific occurrence on
Romanian territory. Typical technologies for each category of work are then
developed. There are presented then basic methods of analysis and the most recent
computing programs. Study cases are then analyzed and the main conclusions are
drown out.

Title: Management of local water resources

Author(S) : Prof. Mihai Manoliu

Publisher(s): UNESCO Chair

             Year: 1998

Number of pages: 60
             Type of document/material:

             Teaching/learning material

             Language(s): Romanian

             Main keywords (4 or 5): evaporation, filtration, storage, treatment

             SHORT ABSTRACT

             The manual is devoted to small reserves of water for the use of villages.
             Methods of

             management the existing resources as well as some practical cases the
             are presented.

Title: Monitoring of environment factors and processes

             Author (S) : Prof. Ileana Sandoiu

             Publisher(s) : UNESCO Chair

             Year: 1998

Number of pages : 67

             Type of document/material:

             Teaching/learning material

             Language(s) : Romanian

             Main keywords (4 or 5): air, plants, soil, water

SHORT ABSTRACT

The manual presents practical methods of data collection and processing. The most
recent and advanced instruments are also described.

Title: Economic Development and Environmental Protection Plan

             Author(S) : Prof. Jim Baird (UK)

             Publisher(s) : UNESCO Chair

             Year : 1999

Number of pages :47

             Type of document/material:
              Teaching/learning material

              Language(s) : English

Main keywords (4 or 5) development, feasibility, strategies, sustainability

SHORT ABSTRACT

Besides the basic rules of development and environment protection Romanian
strategic plan of development is presented.

Title: Audit and legislation of the works of rural rehabilitation

              Author(S) : Prof. Marinovici Dan

              Publisher(s) UNESCO Chair

              Year : 2000

Number of pages : 57

              Type of document/material:

              Teaching/learning material

              Language(s) : Romanian

              Main keywords (4 or 5): assessment, feasibility, law, rehabilitation

SHORT ABSTRACT

The manual is based on both Romanian and European legislation acting in rural
development



                 Title of activity: Conferences/Congresses/Meetings

              Title: Three-lobed churches paraseismically shaped

              Author(S) Sofronie, R., Popa G. and Nappi A

       Publisher(s) Proceedings of the Workshop on Seismic Performance of
       Monuments..

       Lisbon,

Portugal, November 12-18, 1998, pp.259-266.

              Year: 1998
Number of pages: 8

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper

              Language: English

              Main keywords (4 or 5): cultural heritage, innovation, preservation,
              safety

SHORT ABSTRACT

The ancient monuments preserved in Carptho-Danubian-Pontic region, where
tectonic earthquakes often occur, are churches. For centuries they were the most
representative creations of ecclesiastic and monumental architecture. Orthodox
churches in that region are three-lobed (3L). Originally shaped according to the
Greek cross their geometry was slightly changed during centuries being adapted to
the seismic hazard of each site. The paper shows that the reason of this paraseismic
shaping of 3L churches (3LC) was to reduce their vulnerability to overall torsion. The
size and position chosen for steeples were also carefully studied to reduce the
damaging effects of shearing forces. Churches correctly designed successfully faced
strong earthquakes and are lasting for centuries. The others have been more or less
damaged. The paper also suggests an innovative method for repairing 3LC made of
stone and brick masonry. The method consists in reinforcing, coating or confining
masonry structural members with the aid of polymer grids of high density and
strength. The results obtained by static and dynamic testing on reduced and full scale
models show that the method is confidant and worth to be applied.

              Title: Innovative structural system for masonry buildings

              Author (S): Sofronie, R., Bolander Jr.

Publisher(s): Proceedings of IAHS World Congress on Housing. San Francisco,

       California, 1-7 June 1999, Vol. IV, pp. 929-936.

              Year: 1999

Number of pages: 7

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper

              Language: English

Main keywords (4 or 5): buildings, monuments, preservation, reinforcing

SHORT ABSTRACT
This paper presents an alternative structural system for masonry residential buildings
located in seismic areas. Masonry structural members are reinforced and/or confined
with polymer grids, rather than conventional strengthening elements such as
reinforced concrete (RC) and steel. Synthetic reinforcement compensates for
masonry’s lack of ductility and helps to realize its potential for high strength. The
technical characteristics of reinforcement, masonry, bricks and mortar are presented
first, after which rules are given for application to new, damaged and historical
buildings. Both laboratory tests and numerical methods validate the proposed
structural system, while the existing database supports any conceptual design. The
new reinforcing method is easily applied and financially attractive.

Title: Geometrical approach of restoring the monuments

Author (S): Sofronie, R., Popa G. and Nappi, A.

Publisher(s): Proccedings of the International Workshop on Seismic Performance of
Built Heritage in Small Historic Centres. Assisi, Italy, 22-24 April 1999, pp. 379 – 387.

              Year: 1999

Number of pages: 9

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper

              Language: English

              Main keywords (4 or 5): cultural heritage, masonry, design, restoration,
              testing

SHORT ABSTRACT

The paper discusses first the role played by architectural monuments in the society
development and their position in the cultural heritage. Then, the existence reasons
of monumental towers and churches are briefly presented. The intrinsic aesthetics of
architectural monuments is governed by the law of equilibrium and fulfilled with the
aid of geometry. The position of Eastern churches in the cultural heritage is also
considered. For restoring the monuments their original balance should be conserved.
Reinforcing methods based on polymer grids could be an appropriate alternative. The
method was experimentally validated and satisfies the exactingness required for
monuments.

              Title: Rehabilitation of masonry buildings and monuments

              Author: Sofronie, R.

Publisher(s): Proceedings of the IABSE Symposium. Rio de Janeiro, 25-27 August
1999, CD ROM paper 1234, Report pp.264-265.
              Year: 1999

Number of pages 8

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper

              Language: English

              Main keywords (4 or 5): confining, jacketing, , reinforcing, retrofitting,
              seismic

              protection

SHORT ABSTRACT

The paper brings new proofs, obtained by static and dynamic testing, for using the
innovative method of reinforcing both ancient and new masonry members with
polymer grids. Synthetic reinforcement replaces masonry lack of ductility and
enhances its intrinsic resources of strength. In this way the non-homogenization of
masonry buildings and monuments with RC and steel members is avoided. The
paper also presents the non-destructive method impact-echo for discovery and
location the hidden damages and calls for using the language of official provisions in
all rehabilitation works.

              Title: Long term behaviour of three-lobed churches

              Author(S): Sofronie, R., Popa, G. and Nappi, A.,

Publisher(s): Proceedings of the IASS 40th Anniversary Congress. Madrid, 20-24
Sept.1999. Vol. II, pp. I23-I30.

              Year: 1999

Number of pages: 8

              Type of document/material:

              Scientific paper

              Language: English

              Main keywords (4 or 5): assessment, behaviour, preservation, restoring.

SHORT ABSTRACT

Three-lobed orthodox churches, typical of the Carpatho-Danubian-Pontic region have
been considered, by pointing out some characteristic features and by focusing on an
adequate strategy for structural assessment, reinforcement and recovery. Such
strategy, which essentially requires the combined use of numerical and experimental
methods, is currently being developed in the framework of a research project
supported by the EC. Polymer grids are considered as a possible reinforcement
device, since they seem to provide several advantages under the structural point of
view, including mechanical properties consistent with masonry. Their effectiveness
was also proved by mechanical tests on masonry walls subjected to cyclic load
conditions. Finally, the practical use of polymer grids does not involve any particular
problem and numerical methods are able to predict their response on the basis of
relatively simple models.

Title: Design concepts of irregular buildings

Author: Sofronie, R.

Publisher(s): Proceedings of the Second European Workshop on the seismic
behaviour of asymmetric and set-back structures. Istanbul, 8-10 October 1999. Vol. I,
pp. 293-302.

              Year: 1999

Number of pages: 10

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper

              Language: English

              Main keywords (4 or 5): analysis, eurocode, repairing, shaping.

SHORT ABSTRACT

The paper presents some design concepts regarding the irregularities of masonry
buildings. Such buildings are usually submitted to shear stresses caused by both
shearing forces and torsion moments developed during earthquakes. It is shown that
the irregularities are infringing upon the guiding principles governing the conceptual
design against seismic hazard. For assessing the seismic behavior of structures the
typical centers should be determined. There are five intrinsic centers but they reduce
to only two, gravity and stiffness center. It is presented as case study the solution that
was found for the three lobed churches to reduce the influence of geometrical
irregularities. Then the effects of in-plan irregularities like openings for windows and
doors are theoretically analyzed. Such irregularities can’t be avoided. For preventing
damages occurring under seismic actions the reinforcing of masonry structural
members is recommended. The solution is supported by the results obtained through
testing programs, which are of direct practical interest. .

              Title: Seismic resistant retaining walls of reinforced soil

              Author (S); Sofronie, A.R., Taylor, A.C., Greening, P.
              Publisher(s) Proceeding of the 12 World Conference on Earthquake
              Engineering,

              Auckland, New Zealand, 30 Jan.-4 Feb. 2000 CD ROM, paper # 2029.

              Year: 2000

Number of pages:8

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper

              Language: English

              Main keywords (4 or 5): confining, , reinforcing, retention, testing,
              vibration

SHORT ABSTRACT

The paper presents the experimental results of a comparative study carried out on
the Bristol shaking table. The behavior under seismic loads of two similar models of
retaining walls has been investigated. One of them modeled a reinforced soil wall,
while the other was a confined wall. The test program used three types of inputs:
sinedwell, Calitri and EC8. Since testing objectives were the settlements, horizontal
displacements and induced accelerations at five different levels appropriate recording
devices were provided. A total of 50 quakes with gradually increasing intensities were
performed: 26 for the gravity model and 24 for the confined one. The tilting
phenomenon experienced by prototype retaining walls in the Kobe earthquake also
occurred in the shaking table tests. However, the two models behaved essentially
differently. While the induced accelerations were much amplified by the gravity
model, the confined model showed a strong attenuation. Both conceptual design and
further research of practical interest for developing advanced numerical models are
supported by the results.

Title: Repair and strengthening of masonry buildings

              Author (S): Sofronie, R., Bolander Jr., J.E.

Publisher(s): Proceedings of the Third Japan-Turkey Workshop on Earthquake
Engineering. Istanbul, 21-25 February 2000. Vol. I, pp.359-370.

              Year: 2000

Number of pages 12

              Type of document/material:

Scientific paper
             Language: English

Main keywords (4 or 5): earthquakes, polymer grids, repair, testing.

SHORT ABSTRACT

The paper present the results of several research programs concerning the use of
polymer grids for reinforcing masonry in areas with seismic risk. The synthetic
reinforcement consists of polymer grids of high density and strength with a service
life guaranteed over 120 years. The mechanism of stress transfer from masonry to
reinforcement is based on anchoring grid joints in mortar. There are three techniques
of reinforcing masonry: by inserting the grids in bed joints, by coating wall faces and
by confining the structural members. The first technique is mainly applicable to new
masonry buildings while the other two apply to damage ones. The method was
experimentally validated by static and dynamic tests. It is based on a theoretical
approach prepared for a numerical validation. The method is practical and cost
effective, since reinforced concrete members can be eliminated and lime mortars can
be freely used in masonry buildings.

                                        Outputs

                                Multimedia material

                  Title of activity: Education/Training/Research

                           Title: 3D model of RC building with reinforced masonry in
                           horizontal layers

                           Producer and/or distributor (with address): ISMES
                           Bergamo Italy and UNESCO Chair

                           Bucharest

                           Year: 1998

                           Teaching/learning material

                           Type of material:

                           Video

                           Duration: 14 minutes

                           Format:

                           Language(s): English

                           Main keywords (4 or 5): grids, masonry, strength, testing

                           SHORT ABSTRACT
The videotape presents first the installation of the model with all devices for
measurements on the shaking table as well as the operations of calibration. The
testing phases of the model on shaking table are then successively presented until
the ultimate limit state has been reached.

Title: 3D model of RC building with reinforced masonry in horizontal layers and
confined with reinforced plaster

Producer and/or distributor (with address): ISMES Bergamo Italy and UNESCO Chair
Bucharest

                           Year: 1999

                           Teaching/learning material

                           Type of material:

Video

                           Duration: 42 minutes

                           Format:

                           Language(s): English

                           Main keywords (4 or 5): grids, masonry, strength, testing

                           SHORT ABSTRACT

The videotape presents first the installation of the model with all devices for
measurements on the shaking table as well as the operations of calibration. The
testing phases of the model on shaking table are then successively presented until
the ultimate limit state has been reached.

Title: Comparative study between confined and conventional retaining wall of

reinforced soil

                           Producer and/or distributor (with address): Earthquake
                           Engineering Center of

                           Bristol University, UK and UNESCO Chair Bucharest,
                           Romania

                           Year: 1999

                           Teaching/learning material

                           Type of material:
Video

                           Duration: 96 minutes

                           Format:

                           Language(s): English

                           Main keywords (4 or 5): confining, retention, reinforcing,
                           wall

                           SHORT ABSTRACT

The videotape presents the two 3D models of retaining walls, one conventional and
the other confined. Both models were provided with 26 devices and have been
successively submitted to three types of increasing inputs. The test was carried up
near the high value of 2000 gals.

                           Title: Behavior of self confined retaining walls of
                           reinforced soil under seismic loads

Producer and/or distributor (with address): Earthquake Engineering Center of
INCERC Iasi, Romania and UNESCO Chair Bucharest

                           Year: 1999

                           Teaching/learning material

                           Type of material:

Video

                           Duration: 28 minutes

                           Format:

                           Language(s): English

                           Main keywords (4 or 5): anchoring, confining, grids, soil

                           SHORT ABSTRACT

The videotape presents a 3D prototype of a self-confined retaining wall of reinforced
soil tested on the shaking table. Two types of inputs have been successively used, a
sinedwell and the Vrancea one. The prototype has shown a good stability even at
high intensities and the spectra of accelerations have been recorded.

Title: Behavior of geocell mattresses for embankments under seismic loads

                           Producer and/or distributor (with address):
                          Year: 1999

                          Teaching/learning material

                          Type of material:

Video

CD ROM

                          Duration: 18 minutes

                          Format:

                          Language(s): English

                          Main keywords (4 or 5): consolidation, polymer grids,
                          reinforcing, settling

                          SHORT ABSTRACT

The videotape presents first a 3D model of a geocell mattress never made. Before. It
was tested on the shaking table to sine and real inputs. Settlements, horizontal
displacements and accelerations at different levels haven been recorded. The results
have proven the validity of this special solution for weak soils.

								
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