The Ever-Ending Battle Project S by fjwuxn

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									    The Ever-Ending Battle Project:
               Superhero Comics
                 and Thanatology
                                   with A. David Lewis
   As part of Comic Art & Comics IV: The Quick and the
                Dead: Death, Revenge, and the Undead
2005 National Meeting of the PCA/ACA - San Diego, CA
                                   March 23 - 26, 2005
                                Superheroes:
                       “Death Becomes Them”
X-Men: “Death Becomes Them” flash file
•   “Didn’t I just kill you four months ago?”
•   “No, that was the second time you died...”
•   “How did I die this time?”
•   “Oh, and you killed Jean.” “She’s dead again?”
•   “Like none of you have ever died before...”
•   “I haven’t died either...At least, not to the best of my
    recollection.”
                                  “Hydrogen Age”
From BrokenFrontier.com columns, “The Library of
  Babble”:
   – 1986: Crisis on Infinite Earths, Dark Knight Returns,
     Watchmen, Secret Wars II
   – Morality (Golden), Authority (Silver), Autonomy (Bronze),
     Mortality (Hydrogen)
   – Death of Illyana Rasputin, Superman, and Metmorpho;
     passing of Starman mantle, the quantum bands, the Green
     Lantern legacy, the Star Brand, and the Fantastic Four
     roster; reboots of Onslaught. Heroes Reborn and Heroes
     Return; the Ultimate line, the All-Stars line; new JLA, the
     New X-Men, a reborn JSA, the return of Hawkman, the
     Astonishing X-Men, the New Avengers; the resurrection of
     Green Arrow, the rebirth of Green Lantern; the murder of
     Sue Dibney in Identity Crisis and a purported second DC
     Crisis; etc.
                           Thanatology

• Elisabeth Kubler-Ross
  – 5 Stages of Grieving
  – Hospice Care
• Ernest Becker
  – Denial of Death
  – Role of Heroism
                          EEB Questionaire
• Launched January 27, 2005
  via the International Comic
  Arts Association (ICAA)
  website
• ICAA membership notified;
  online comic book news
  sources alerted.
• Made available in print form.
• Over 200 responses to date
  (150 prepared for PCA/ACA
  analysis)
                            EEB Questionaire
• Anonymous
• Personal Data:
  –   Immigrant (D. Fingeroth)
  –   Orphan (D. Fingeroth)
  –   Religious background
  –   Sexual Orientation
  –   Place of birth, Citizenship
  –   Recent Loss(es)
  –   “Morbid?”
  –   “Concerned with Death?”
                   SHI: Superhero Index
• Participants asked:
  – For approximately how many years have
    you been reading comic books on at least
    a consistent monthly basis?
  – Roughly what percent of your current
    comic book reading consists of the
    superhero genre?
  – How many superhero titles do you
    currently buy per month, on average?
     • Also asked comic book news sources,
       message boards, and comic book properties
       they frequent, if applicable; not factored into
                  SHI: Superhero Index

• SHI calculated as:
  – 4 factors:
     • Age (2005-D.O.B.)
     • YearsReading [and YearsNotReading = Age–
       YearsReading]
     • PercentageSuperheroes
     • NumberSuperheroTitles [and TotalTitles =
       (NumberSuperheroTitles + 1)/PercentageSuperheroes]
  – YearsReading/YearsNotReading = A
  – NumberSuperheroTitles/TotalTitles = B
  – SHI = A x B
          Revised Collett-Lester Scale
• Death Studies 14:451-                       Death      Dying
  468, 1990                          Yours    Your Own   Your Own
• Determined to be valid                      Death      Dying
  and over various
  scenarios.                         Other    The Death The Dying
                                     s        of Others of Others
• Four sections, 8
  questions each
• “How disturbed or made anxious are you by the following aspects of
  death and dying? Read each item and answer it quickly. Don't
  spend too much time thinking about your response. We want
  your first impression of how you think right now. Circle the
  number that best represents your feeling. (5 = Very, 3 = Somewhat,
  1 = Not)”
                                SHI vs. TotalDying & TotalDeath


         80


         75


         70


         65


         60


         55

                                                                         Totals-AllDy
         50
Totals




                                                                         Totals-AllDe
                                                                         Poly. (Totals-AllDe)
         45
                                                                         Poly. (Totals-AllDy)

         40


         35


         30


         25


         20


         15
           0.00   1.00   2.00              3.00            4.00   5.00
                                     SHI
                                SHI vs. TotalOwn & TotalOther


         80


         75


         70


         65


         60


         55

                                                                       Totals-OwnDeDy
         50
Totals




                                                                       Totals-OtherDeDy
                                                                       Poly. (Totals-OtherDeDy)
         45
                                                                       Poly. (Totals-OwnDeDy)

         40


         35


         30


         25


         20


         15
           0.00   1.00   2.00          3.00           4.00      5.00
                                 SHI
                                                      SHI vs. Total DA (Loss)


           150.00




           130.00




           110.00



                                                                                                            No Loss
Total DA




                                                                                                            Recent Loss
            90.00
                                                                                                            Poly. (No Loss)
                                                                                                            Poly. (Recent Loss)



            70.00




            50.00




            30.00
                 0.00   0.50   1.00   1.50   2.00   2.50         3.00   3.50    4.00   4.50   5.00   5.50
                                                           SHI
                     Initial Evaluations
• Education levels needed; general reading
  needed
• Control group needed – Consisting of...?
• Statistical difference between:
  – Dying & Death trends?
  – Personal and Other trends?
  – Loss and No Loss trends?
• “Disenfranchised grief”
• Causation
      The Ever-Ending Battle Project:
                 Superhero Comics
                   and Thanatology




  www.EverEndingBattle.com
www.ComicArts.org/study_eeb.php

								
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