Taking_Care_of_Body.ppt - Taking

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					IAP VISION 2007

                              IAP VISION 2007
                                          ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                                                                        TAKING CARE OF BODY
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                                                                  Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                                         GOOD HEALTH &
                                                        SMART PERSONALITY
                                                          How can it be achieved?
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                                                       BY ---- HEALTHY NUTRITION

                                                                                  ---- HEALTHY HABITS
                                                                                   (PERSONAL HYGIENE)

                                                                          -- & PROPER IMMUNIZATION
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007




                                          PERSONAL HYGIENE
                                          (What is it?)

                                          • It is a science which deals with
                                            promotion & preservation of health .
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • It is preventing infection through
                                            cleanliness.
                                          • It is maintenance of
                                            health and healthy living.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          HYGIENIC PRACTICES
                                          (What are the components?)
                                          • Daily thorough bath & hair wash shd be
                                            taken

                                          • Frequent washing of hands ,face and feet
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            shd be done

                                          • Teeth shd be cleaned daily and oral
                                            hygiene shd be maintained

                                          • Clothes shd be cleaned and living area shd
                                             be tidy
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          HYGIENIC PRACTICES contd….
                                          • Contact with bodily fluids of others such
                                            as feces, urine, vomit , saliva shd be
                                            avoided to prevent contracting diseases.

                                          • Direct contact with animals
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            before eating and sleeping shd
                                            be avoided.

                                          • Mouth and nose shd be covered
                                            by tissue during coughing/sneezing.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          HYGIENIC PRACTICES contd…
                                          • Avoid unclean habits such as nose picking ,
                                            touching hair and various parts of face etc.

                                          • Avoid licking fingers before
                                            sticking stamps or envelopes
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            or counting notes or picking
                                            up sheets of paper.

                                          • Washing hands properly
                                            before and after eating.

                                          • Water supply should be clean &adequate.
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          GROOMING PRACTICES
                                           This is done for healthy as well as
                                           good looking body parts such as –

                                          • Hair – rich quality and neat hairstyle
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Skin – glowing and clean
                                          • Teeth and tongue – avoid bad
                                             breath so that friends do not
                                             avoid you
                                          • Eyes – sparkling with good vision
                                          • Hands , feet and nails – extra attention
                                                    is needed in Indian scenario
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          HAIR
                                          • Hair are your crowning glory.

                                          • Hair should be dried properly before tying
                                            them as wet hair can become smelly.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Massaging the scalp with
                                           warm oil increases blood circulation.

                                          • Always brush and comb hair neatly .

                                          • Losing hair is normal : it can be as much as
                                            50-60 hairs per day.
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          SKIN
                                          • Bath/shower everyday
                                          • Scrubbing improves blood circulation.
                                          • Clean your face of all make up and
                                            cosmetics before sleeping.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Soap & water are essential for keeping
                                            the skin clean.
                                          • The private parts need to be cleaned and
                                            dried well with a clean towel.
                                          • Always wear clean cotton undergarments.
                                            If possible change twice a day.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                            TEETH & TONGUE
                                          • Brush your teeth twice a day and rinse
                                            your mouth well after every meal.
                                          • The tooth brush should have soft
                                            bristles .
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Gum surface should be
                                            massaged daily for few
                                            minutes.
                                          • Cleaning of the tongue
                                            gives fresh smelling mouth.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          HANDS & NAILS

                                             * Wash hands thoroughly with soap
                                               &water ,before and after meals and
                                               after using washroom
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Hands should be dried with clean towel
                                            after washing .
                                          • Grow nails only if you can keep them
                                            clean. Overuse of nail polish can damage
                                            the keratin of nail and can also chip of
                                            in food.
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007




                                          FEET
                                          • Keeping feet clean daily is very
                                            important to avoid body odor and skin
                                            diseases.
                                          • Give your feet a good scrub with
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            sponge, pumice stone or foot scrubber
                                            at least once a week .
                                          • After daily bath dry
                                            the area in between toes.
                                          • Keep toenails clipped.
                                          • Cotton socks should be preferred .
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          EYES
                                            • Good nutrition is important for healthy
                                              eyes. Hence have plenty of fruits and
                                              vegetables.
                                            To prevent eye strain
                                            • Do not read in strong or dim dazzling
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                              or flickering light .
                                            • Do not read small or bad print.
                                            • Do not read in stooping posture
                                              or while lying down.
                                            • Do not read in moving vehicle.
                                            • Avoid prolonged exposure to
                                              sunlight.
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          EYES contd…


                                          • Wash eyes with clean water when
                                            traveling and before sleep.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Check your vision if you have
                                            frequent headache.

                                          • Refractory error must be
                                            corrected early.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          EARS

                                          • Daily washing with soap and water is
                                            enough to keep the outer ear clean.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Do not put anything inside your ear like
                                            hairpins, safety pins or blunt edged things
                                            in your ears for cleaning wax or because
                                            there is itching.

                                          • If wax has accumulated and is plugging or
                                            itching your ears ,consult your doctor.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          Put this slide as optional and use only in female class

                                          MENSTRUAL HYGIENE
                                          • Menstrual hygiene is very important to
                                            prevent infection, local itching & bad
                                            odor.
                                          • Take bath daily,
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Wear cotton under garments.
                                          • Wash with soap & water after toilet.
                                          • “good personal hygiene” will keep you
                                            confident during these days .


                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007

                                          Put this slide as optional and use only in female class

                                          MENSTRUAL HYGIENE contd…
                                          • Cloth/sanitary napkin is personal choice,
                                            but they shd be clean and changed
                                            frequently as needed.
                                          • Follow instructions given on packet.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • If cloth is used ,it should be washed well
                                            before reuse, and not used for more than
                                            three months.
                                          • Cloth should be very soft .Rough or thick
                                            cloth can cause irritation & itching.
                                          •



                                              Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007

                                          Put this slide as optional and use only in male class

                                          Hygiene for Boys

                                          • Under the foreskin of uncircumcised boys,
                                            secretions can collect called smegma.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          •     If you are uncircumcised, gently pull back
                                               the foreskin when you have a shower and
                                               clean with water.



                                              Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          Travelers Hygiene

                                          •Drink only bottled water.
                                          •Use safe water to clean your mouth
                                          •When you wash your hands, make sure they
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                           are totally dry with a clean towel before you
                                           touch any food.
                                          •Don’t wash fruit or vegetables
                                           in unsafe water.
                                          •If water is not safe , then
                                           boil it before drinking.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          Few Common ailments
                                          due to unhealthy habits.
                                               •   Head lice and dandruffs
                                               •   Bad breath & Body odor
                                               •   Urinary tract infection
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                               •   Burping and flatulence
                                               •   Cuts and sores
                                               •   Hazards of smoking
                                               •   Computer injuries

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          HEAD LICE & DANDRUFF
                                          • Lice is an insect thriving in unclean hairs.
                                          • Dandruff are the white tiny flakes that
                                            come off the scalp due to dead skin.
                                          • To prevent this wash your
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            hair twice or thrice a week .
                                          • Comb & brushes should be
                                            cleaned regularly and never
                                            shared even with friends and family.
                                          • Hairs must be brushed regularly,massage
                                            scalp regularly ,this improves circulation.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          URINARY INFECTION

                                          • Girls are more prone to it due to
                                            various reasons.
                                          • Do not wear tight fitting synthetic under
                                            garments which cause excessive sweating
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            leading to itching scratching and
                                            infection .
                                          • Drink plenty of water for good amount
                                            of urine.
                                          • If you hold back when want to urinate,
                                            it causes stasis in the bladder and
                                            promotes infection .

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          BAD BREATH & BODY ODOUR


                                          • Poor oral hygiene & infection of gums
                                            results in bad odour from mouth .
                                          • Proper brushing of teeth & oral care can
                                            prevent bad breath.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Fresh perspiration, usually when allowed
                                            to evaporate does not cause body odor.
                                            Hence it is important to have daily bath
                                            and change clothes.


                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          HAZARDS OF SMOKING

                                          • Smoking cigarettes while cooking and
                                            serving food is unhygienic.

                                          • People touch their lips while smoking and
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            may contaminate food.

                                          • Smoking encourages coughing
                                            and infection.

                                          • Passive smoking is injurious to the health of
                                            all persons who are around a smoker.
                                           Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          CUTS & WOUNDS

                                          • Cuts and sores can provide an ideal place
                                            for infection.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Wounds must be completely covered by
                                            waterproof dressings.

                                          • Water-proof dressings will also help
                                            prevent from going septic.


                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          COMPUTER INJURIES
                                          put this in simple language with symptoms



                                          • Due to poor sitting postures & improper
                                            workplace.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Typical injuries are:
                                              - Carpel tunnel syndrome
                                              - Posterior cervical dorsal syndrome
                                                 (Computer back)
                                              - Lumbar stress & strain

                                           Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          Factors compounding problems
                                          • Prolonged hours of use without respite in
                                            between
                                          • Obesity
                                          • Lack of physical exercise
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Poorly designed chairs
                                          • Oddly angled tables
                                          • Inattention to ergonomic properties of
                                            computer.
                                          • Disregard to already existing health
                                            problems
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                             OFFICE OF HORRORS
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          Prevention of computer injuries
                                          1] Adopt proper sitting postures.
                                          2] Support easily compromised areas of the
                                              body.
                                          3] Don’t sit too long at your desk.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          4] Recognize the psychological stress of your
                                              work could be altering your posture.
                                          5] Improve your overall fitness level to make
                                              your muscle strong & flexible.
                                          6[ Stretch & relax your tight muscle &
                                              strengthen & tone up your back muscles.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007




                                          NATURAL WORK POSTURE
                                          • Back supported by chair,back>90degree and
                                            well supported.
                                          • Chair seat should not compress behind
                                            knees.
                                          • Feet firmly on the surface for support.
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Head balance on neck.
                                          • Poplitial angle>90 degree.
                                          • Upper arm close to body & relaxed.
                                          • Elbow angle> 90 degree.
                                          • Wrist natural <15 degree.

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                                          IDEAL OFFICE
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          KEY MESSEGE
                                          • “Keeping your body clean is important
                                            for health & for your self esteem.”

                                          • “Personal hygiene is very important
                                            because no one likes to be close
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            to a person who stinks and
                                            is dirty. so whoever you are
                                            & wherever you go remember:
                                            Wash your hands before
                                            you eat &
                                            your feet before you sleep”

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                            THANKS


                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          Immunization in child hood
                                          • All of you have been given shots when
                                            you were small babies and children
                                          • How many of you remember these
                                            shots ?!!
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Ask your parents to give you the details
                                            of what shots you were given.
                                          • This is important because if some of you
                                            have missed these vaccines then you
                                            need to take them NOW .
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          Vaccines that are missed in child
                                          hood
                                          • These vaccines can be taken in adolescent age
                                            if missed in childhood after consulting your
                                            doctor
                                          • Tetanus
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • MMR
                                          • Typhoid
                                          • Hepatitis B
                                          • Chickenpox
                                          • Hepatitis A
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007


                                          Immunization in the adolescent age
                                          group
                                          • There are some vaccines that were given to you in
                                            your child hood which need what is known as
                                            BOOSTER DOSES to continue the protection in your
                                            teenage years and adult age
                                          • These vaccines are for
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • Tetanus,
                                          • Diphtheria,
                                          • Typhoid ,
                                          • Mumps,Measles and Rubella ( German measles )
                                          • Ask your parents to talk to your doctor regarding
                                            booster doses


                                           Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007

                                          REFERENCES
                                          add ref for the computer and posture and
                                          immunisation

                                          • 1] Adolescence & Family life education
                                                M.K.C. Nair pg 11,29-36
                                          • 2] Adolescent care 2000 &Beyond
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                                 M.K.C. Nair & Ranjan Kumar Pejaver
                                                 Adolescent girl &gynecological problems
                                                 Pg 56 –61
                                          • 3] Adolescent Pediatrics PGD-AP Part I
                                                 university of keralapg140
                                          • 4] hygiene :
                                          http://healthhappiness.com.au/bodyworks/personalcare/
                                             bodyworksprsonalcare
                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          Continued………
                                           • 5]Kids health
                                             http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/take_care/
                                             hygiene_basics.html
                                           • 6] Personal hygiene
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                             http://
                                             en.wikipedia.org/wiki.hygiene#personal_hygiene
                                           • 7] Personal hygiene
                                             http://www.webhealthcentre.com/general/phindex.asp
                                           • 8] Personal hygiene
                                            www.cyh.com/healthtopics/healthtopicsdetails



                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative
IAP VISION 2007



                                          Continued………
                                          • 9] Personal hygiene
                                          • http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/BHCV2/bhcar
                                            ticles.nsf/pages/Personal_hygiene?OpenDocum
                                            ent
  ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE




                                          • 10] Personal Hygiene
                                            http://www.ccc.govt.nz/Health/foods1.asp
                                          • 11] Personal Hygiene
                                          • http://www.crazycolour.com/os/coworker_01.sht
                                            ml

                                          Adolescent Friendly School Initiative

				
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