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									Companions on the Road to
Recovery from Mental Illness

      Understanding Recovery
                September 29, 2009

  Jean Campbell, PhD
  Missouri Institute of Mental Health
Understanding Recovery
 “Wellness functions as an internal resource,
 with hope the wellspring of motivation for
 change. When well-being is combined with
 the treatment of mental illness and
 favorable external resources and
 opportunities, hope can jump-start
 involvement in new activities and empower
 consumers to sustain their recovery
        --Jean Campbell, PhD
        Program in Consumer Studies & Training
Understanding Recovery
 How is your community performing in
  relationship to the goals of the
  President’s New Freedom Commission
  on Mental Health (2003) to
  fundamentally transform mental
  health care so persons with mental
  illness are able to live, work, learn,
  and participate fully in their
  Understanding Recovery
 What structures, values and
  processes does your community
  government, businesses, schools,
  neighborhoods, churches and
  citizens support to meet the needs of
  persons with mental illness to
  recover and live meaningful lives?
Understanding Recovery
 Recovery from mental illness and
  community re-integration requires more
  than adequate access to quality clinical
  services, medication, and rehabilitation.
 Recovery also depends on the well-being of
  mental health consumers: their capacity to
  have hope, be empowered, attain their
  goals, have meaning and purpose in life,
  and sustain a sense of self-efficacy.
National Consensus Statement on
Mental Health Recovery
 Mental health recovery is a journey of
  healing and transformation, enabling
  a person with a mental health
  problem to live a meaningful life in a
  community of his or her choice while
  striving to achieve his or her full
Understanding Recovery
 When persons are confronted with
  mental illness they may respond in
  the following ways:
   Survive (chronicity)--continue to
    function, albeit in an impaired fashion
   Recover --homeostatic equilibrium of
    functioning, return to previous state
   Thrive --grow beyond original level of
    psychosocial functioning to add value to
Understanding Recovery
 "Like the mythological phoenix bird that
 rises from its own ashes in new power,
 many of us find new ways of being,
 functioning and making a difference.
 We rise from extreme emotional distress
 and use our experiences of personal
 recovery to transform our systems of
 care into caring systems.”
        Judene Shelley, NEC Director
Understanding Recovery

    The Empowerment Recovery Paradigm
 Studies have shown that treatment of illness and
  promotion of wellness are divergent, but parallel
 Traditional mental health programs primarily treat
  mental illness (bio-medical remediation of deficits).
   Focus on the reduction of risk factors to prevent
 Peer support primarily promotes mental wellness
  (nurtures positive, subjective human strengths).
   As positive subjective states are engendered, the
     consumer develops protective factors and begins to
How it all adds up…

  Treatment of Illness
  + Promotion of Wellness

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