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					             SPEECH 1
Riverside Community College
   Moreno Valley Campus
           INSTRUCTOR
            Debra Rae White
     Email: debra.white@rcc.edu
    Office hours: by appointment only

                 TEXT
    The Art of Public Speaking
             Ninth Edition
        Author: Stephen E. Lucas




                    1
                                     Goals & Objectives
I.      Course Description
        This course is designed to introduce you to the art of public speaking. The
        student will learn how to write, present, and evaluate informative, persuasive,
        impromptu and other speech formats.

II.     Course Objectives
A.      The student will gain confidence in front of an audience.
B.      The student will learn how to research a given topic and how to organize
        and outline his or her thoughts into a speech.
C.      The student will develop and improve listening skills.
D.      The student will learn how to use effective techniques in better speech content.
E.      The student will gain knowledge of the process of communication and basic
        communication theories.
F.      The student will learn how to evaluate different forms of speech.
G.      The student will gain knowledge in a variety of subject areas.

III.    Course Requirements and Grading

A.      Attendance is Vital!
        Students learn by listening as well as by giving speeches. Therefore, your
        presence is imperative in class. Three absences will affect your final grade.
        Please let me know in advance if you are going to miss class. In case of an
        emergency or prolonged illness, it is your responsibility to get in touch with
        me.
B.      Speeches:
        Four speeches are required for this class. You are expected to speak on the day
        assigned to you. The student must give all four speeches in order to pass the class.
C.      Readings:
        Please read the assigned chapters before each class period and be prepared to
        discuss the material.
D.      Exams:
        There will be two written exams covering the information in the textbook. Exams
        will be true and false, multiple choice, and short answer. If you are absent on the
        day of the test, it is your responsibility to schedule a makeup test.

GRADING IS AS FOLLOWS:                                                             Grade Scale
Tribute Speech (8-10 minutes, outline & presentation)                    20 pts.   200-180= A
Informative Speech (8-10 minutes, outline & presentation, visual aids)   30 pts.   179-159= B
Persuasive Speech (8-10 minutes, outline & presentation)                 30 pts.   158-138= C
Impromptu Speech (2 minute preparation, 5 minute speech)                 30 pts.   137-117= D
Exam #1                                                                  30 pts.   Below 117=F
Exam #2                                                                  30 pts.
Attendance and Participation                                             30 pts.




                                                     2
THE FOUR BASIC SPEECHES TO BE GIVEN ARE AS FOLLOWS:

SPEECH OF TRIBUTE
     - Prepare an outline
     - A full typed script
     - A practice diary
     - 8-10 minutes long

SPEECH TO INFORM
     - Visual aids should be used
     - Prepare an outline
     - A full typed script
     - A practice diary
     - Works cited
     - 8-10 minutes long

SPEECH TO PERSUADE
     - Prepare an outline
     - A full typed script
     - A practice diary
     - Works cited
     - 8-10 minutes long

IMPROMPTU SPEECH
    - 2 minute preparation
    - 5 minute speech

                            PRESENTATION POLICIES

1. DO NOT COME LATE TO CLASS! If you come late during a presentation, please
wait outside until either you see that the person is done speaking or you hear clapping,
then you may enter.

2. DRESS APPROPRIATELY! This class is designed to prepare you to give
presentations in the workplace. You will be counted down on your appearance if you are
not dressed professionally during a presentation. Women should dress in suits or
pantsuits. Men should wear suits or a dress shirt with a tie.

3. EAT BEFORE YOU COME TO CLASS! It will relax you and help you to
concentrate on what you’re saying instead of your stomach during a presentation.

4. BE COURTEOUS! I will be grading not only on those giving speeches, but also on
those in the audience and how well you are observing and listening during a presentation.




                                            3
                     STOCK SPEECH DESIGNS

1. Past, present, future or chronological
2. Local, state, national, international (Space sequences)
3. Economic, social political, military
4. Problem, solution
5. Need, desirability, practicality
6. Alternatives
7. Cause-effect
8. Advantages, Disadvantages (pro and con)
9. Theory-practice
10.Physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, philosophical
11.Comparison and contrast
12.A B C D’s or other letter combinations
13.Spelling a key word
14.Order of importance
15.Topical sequence (air, land, water, pollution)

                        TYPES OF INTRODUCTION

1.   Quotations
2.   Rhetorical questions.
3.   Illustrative anecdote, fable, parable
4.   Appropriate joke or other humor
5.   Reference to a recent event
6.   Personal references
7.   ―In 1957. . .‖

                         TYPES OF CONCLUSIONS

1.   Reference to introduction
2.   Summary
3.   Restatement of central idea
4.   Quotation
5.   Climatic anecdote
6.   Rhetorical questions
7.   Prophecy
8.   Call for appeal (persuasion)



                                         4
  SPEECH 1

SPEECH OF TRIBUTE




        5
                          SPEECH OF TRIBUTE

        The speech of tribute or commemorative speech is one where you will choose a
person who has influenced your life in a positive way. This must be a person that you
have known in your lifetime, although they do not need to be living at this time.
Choose only one person. Do not choose a cartoon character, a character from a fairytale
(Superman, Batman, Zena), a pet, a spirit, nor a supreme being. This person should not
be famous unless you have known them personally. I would suggest choosing someone
in your family, a parent, a teacher, coach or Sunday school teacher.

         You will select two of the person’s strengths as your first two main points, and
one weakness as your third main point. The weakness is to show that they are also
human and sometimes it can be quite comical. With each main point, you will give three
illustrations of that point. After your third illustration, you will follow it with a summary
and transition us to your next main point.

        In the introduction, you may want to begin with a quote--something that
characterizes the person. Moreover, you could tell a story--something profound that
would catch the audience’s attention. Next, you would proceed with the subject
statement –who is this speech about, what is your relationship to them. Third, you will
tell why they are so important to you—why they are significant in your life. Finally, you
will sign post the main points listing the two strengths and the weakness.

        In the conclusion, restate why this person is significant to you. Follow it with a
resigning of the three main points. The final statement should be dynamic. You can tie it
into the attention statement. It should be one dramatic sentence.

       Remember to start with an outline and practice, practice, practice! This is a fun
speech to give and is also very rewarding.




                                              6
                            TRIBUTE SPEECH OUTLINE

Name:_________________________________________________________


      I. Introduction:

         A. Attention Statement-

         B. Subject Statement-

         C. Significance of Subject-

         D. Statement of Main Point-

         1.

         2.

         3.

II.      Body

         Main Point I:
         A. Explanation-

         B. Illustration-

         C. Illustration-

         D. Illustration-

         E. Summary of Main Point

         Main Point II:

         A. Explanation-

         B. Illustration-

         C. Illustration-

         D. Illustration-




                                       7
       E. Summary of Main Point-

       Main Point III:

       A. Explanation-

       B. Illustration-

       C. Illustration-

       D. Illustration-

       E. Summary of Main Point-

III.   Conclusion:

       A. Summary-

       B. Purpose Achieved-

       C. Re-sign Posting-

       D. Ending Statement-




                                   8
                       INFORMATIVE SPEECH

        The informative speech is a speech designed to inform your audience on the facts
of a certain subject. Therefore, choose a subject that you find interesting and would
enjoy researching.

         When presenting the speech, use layman’s terms so that your audience knows
what you are talking about. If you use words that are unfamiliar to your audience, be
sure to define them. For example, Anthrax, although most of us now know what Anthrax
is, not everyone knows its true definition.

        In this speech you will use visual aids. However, use only one visual aid per main
point. Visual aids should not take away from the speech, but add to it. If you use
posters, make sure that they are large enough for the audience to see. Please don’t bring
in any billboards, drugs, live visual aids or cadavers.

       Use the stock speech design in the selection of your main points. For example, if
your subject choice is basketball and your stock speech design is past, present, and
future—your main points might be – the origin of basketball, basketball in the 40’s, and
basketball in the year 2001.

        Use complete sentences when filling out your outline, and practice, practice,
practice. This speech is one of my favorites because I gain so much knowledge on
various subjects. I have heard speeches to inform on Scratch, Polar Bears, Area 51, the
Taliban, and recently the Art of Snowboarding. So be creative and don’t bore your
audience.




                                            9
                         INFORMATIVE SPEECH OUTLINE

I.    Introduction:

      A. Attention Statement-

      B. Subject Statement-

      C. Significance of Subject-

      D. Statement of Main Point-

      1.

      2.

      3.

II.   Body:

      Main Point I:

      A. Explanation-

      B. Support-

      C. Illustration-

      D. Testimony-

      E. Statistics-

      F. Summary of Main Point-

      Main Point II:

      A. Explanation-

      B. Support-

      C. Illustration-

      D. Testimony-

      E. Statistics-



                                     10
       F. Summary of Main Point-

       Main Point III:

       A. Explanation-

       B. Support-

       C. Illustration-

       D. Testimony-

       E. Statistics-

       F. Summary of Main Point-

III.   Conclusion:

       A. Summary-

       B. Purpose Achieved-

       C. Re-sign Posting-

       D. Ending Statement-

IV.    Works Cited




                                   11
                         PERSUASIVE SPEECH
        In preparing a persuasive speech, choose a subject that you are passionate about.
This speech will contain both fact and your opinion. You are trying to persuade your
audience towards a specific end. Present only one side of an argument, not both, and
make sure you back it with fact. Give an example or illustration to prove your case and
why there needs to be a solution. Present adequate statistics. For example, according to
the Gallup Poll there have been more than 100 school shootings in the past 5 years
throughout the United States, and that is why we need to take a stand now before one of
our children become the next statistic.

        Get us excited! Use vivid and visual language (not vulgar language). Each time I
hear great persuasive speeches, I have found myself depressed, excited, and I’ve been
known to shed a tear or two. In the span of one hour, I have visualized myself dying in a
car accident, because of failure to put on my seatbelt. I have become shocked at the
masses of people who have committed suicide in their act of devotion to cult leaders.
Furthermore, I have watched human kind wiped out from the face of the earth through
global warming or nuclear war. Make us never forget this speech!

       Choose from the stock speech page for design of your format. However, many
persuasive speeches are patterned after Allen Monroe’s motivated sequence, using the
problem—solution format.

       In the conclusion of your speech, motivate your audience toward a specific
action—be an organ donor, or don’t drink and drive.

       This speech will be your most powerful if you choose something that you feel
passionate about. Remember to practice, practice and practice!




                                            12
                         PERSUASIVE SPEECH OUTLINE

I.    Introduction:

      A. Attention Statement-

      B. Subject Statement-

      C. Significance of Subject-

      D. Statement of Main Point-

      1.

      2.

      3.

IV.   Body:

      Main Point I:

      A. Explanation-

      B. Support-

      C. Illustration-

      D. Testimony-

      E. Statistics-

      F. Summary of Main Point-

      Main Point II:

      A. Explanation-

      B. Support-

      C. Illustration-

      D. Testimony-

      E. Statistics-




                                    13
     F. Summary of Main Point-

     Main Point III:

     A. Explanation-

     B. Support-

     C. Illustration-

     D. Testimony-

     E. Statistics-

     F. Summary of Main Point-

V.   Conclusion:

     A. Summary-

     B. Purpose Achieved-

     C. Re-sign Posting-

     D. Ending Statement-




                                 14
             MONROE'S MOTIVATED SEQUENCE




1. Attention-




2. Need-




3. Satisfaction-




4. Visualization-




5. Action-




                          15
                        IMPROMPTU SPEECH

        Fun, fun, fun! This speech is designed to ―think on your feet and not on your
seat.‖ The purpose of this impromptu assignment is to teach you organized thinking that
will help you when taking essay exams and also in job interviews.

        You will be given a quote, statement, or proverb from which you will prepare
your speech. You will be given two minutes to prepare. The speech will be five minutes.
I know this speech can be intimidating, however, by the time we get to this speech you
should all be pro’s at learning how to format and organize your speech and thought
processes. The impromptu speech is really a lot of fun and many students find it to be
their favorite.




                                           16
     IMPROMPTU SPEECH OUTLINE


1.




2.




3.




4.




5.




                17

				
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