SEMESTER I by mifei

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									                          SEMESTER I
     *                     MAJOR I
                     FROM EARLY TIMES TO 1206 A.D

    OBJECTIVES: This syllabus is intended to provide knowledge about
the essential features of Ancient India and her Cultural Heritage.

   UNIT I: 15 Hours
           Background and Sources- Indus Culture-Vedic Age.
  UNIT II: 20 Hours
           Buddhism and Jainism- Sixth Century B.C.- Rise of
               Magadha Greek Influence-The Mauryas.
  UNIT III: 20 Hours
             Satavahanas-Kushanas-Guptas-Administration and Culture.
  UNIT IV: 15 Hours
             Harshavardhana-Chalukyas-Rajput Age- Rashtrakutas- Culture.
  UNIT V: 20 Hours
            Arab Conquest of Sind –Mahmud of Ghazni- Mahmud of

  Text books & Reference: -
  1. A.L. Basham, The Wonder that was India, Rupa & co.,
      New Delhi, 2000.
  1. Majumdar, R.C., History and Cultures of Indian people, (Vols. I-
     VI), Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Bombay, 1974.
  2. Majumdar, R.C., The Ancient India, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan,
     Bombay, 1974.
  3. Nilakanta Sastri, K.A., The Age of Nandas & Mauryas, Madras
     University, 1975.
  4. Romila Thapar, History of India, Vol.I, New Delhi, 1974.
  5. Sharma L.P., History of Ancient India, New Delhi, 1987.
  6. Sharma L.P., History of Medieval India, New Delhi, 1987.
  7. Sathyanatha Iyer R., A Political & Cultural History of India, Vol. I-
     III, Madras, 1973.
  8. Smith, V.A., Oxford History Of India, OUP, London, 1958.
  9. Khurana, K.L., Ancient India, Agra, 2004.
                            - SEMESTER I
*                              MAJOR II

              HISTORY OF TAMIL NADU UPTO 1565

OBJECTIVES: To provide an outline of early Tamil’s history
        UNIT I: 15 Hours
                           Geography of Tamil Country – Sources – Sangam
Age: Political, Social, Economic and Religious Conditions.

        UNIT II: 15 Hours
                        Khalabhras – Pallavas – Bhakthi Movement –
Art & Architecture

         UNIT III: 20 Hours
                           Cholas – Rajaraja I – RajendraI – Chola –
Chalukya Relations – Local Administration – Saivism – Literature – Art &

          UNIT IV: 15 Hours
                             Second Pandya Empire – Maravarman Sundara
Pandiyan – Malikafur Invasions – Marco polo’s Account – Art &
Architecture – Sultanate of Madurai

          UNIT V: 20 Hours
                              Tamilagam Under Vijayanagar – Its Impact
on Tamilagam
           1. Subramanian.N – Sangam Age.
           2. Gopalan.R – Pallavas of Kanchi.
           3. Meenakshi.C – Administration and Society under Pallavas.
           4. Nilakanta Sastri.K.A. – The Colas.
           5. Rajayyan.K – History of Tamilnadu.
           6. Pillai.K.K. – Social and Culture History of the Tamils.
           7. Raju Kalidoss – History of the Tamilnadu.
           8. Subramanian.N – Social and Cultural History of Tamilnadu
              (to A.D. 1336)
                          SEMESTER I
    *                       ALLIED I

    OBJECTIVES: This syllabus is intended to enable the students to
know about tourism and its economic importance to the nation.

     UNIT I: 15 Hours
              Definition and Fundamentals of Tourism-Concept of Domestic
and International Tourism- Components of Tourism-Tourism Product.

      UNIT II: 15 Hours
              History of Tourism-Ancient Times-Middle Ages-Modern
period between two-world wars-Tourism in Contemporary times-
Technological advances.

      UNIT III: 20 Hours
               Tourism as an Industry-Its employment potential-Tourism
and International trade-Economic importance-Tax benefits.

      UNIT IV: 20 Hours
              Classification of Tourism-Historical and Cultural Tourism-
Pilgrimage Tourism-Convention Tourism-Eco-Wildlife, Pleasure, Health
and Sports Tourism.

      UNIT V: 20 Hours
               Problems and Perspectives of Tourism-Social and
Environmental impact-Tourism as an Instrument of National Integration and
International Understanding.

Text books & Reference: -

   1. Bhatia A.K., Tourism Development Principles & Practices, New
      Delhi, 1985.
   2. Ratan Deep Singh, Dynamics of Modern Tourism, New Delhi,
   3. Pran Nathseth, Successful Tourism Management, New Delhi, 1985.
   4. Sethi, Heritage Tourism, New Delhi, 2001.
   5. Badan, Tourism In India, New Delhi, 2001.
       *                        MAJOR III

                            FROM A.D.1206 TO A.D 1757.
   OBJECTIVES: To enable the students to understand the political and
administrative history of India from A. D.1206 to 1757.

       UNIT I: 15 hours
                   Delhi Sultanate-Slave Dynasty-Khalji
       UNIT II: 15 hours
                  Tughlaqs-Sayyads and Lodis-Administrtion of Delhi
                        Sultanate-Islamic Culture.
       UNIT III: 20hours
                 Bhamini Kingdom-Vijayanagar Empire-Bhakti Movement-
                           Art and Architecture.
       UNIT IV: 20 hours
             Outline of the political history of the Mughals-Administration
                                and Culture
       UNIT V: 20 hours
                Marathas and Sikhs- The coming of Europeans-Battle of

Text books & Reference: -

  1. Banerjee A.C., New History of Medieval India, New Delhi, 1980.
  2. Pandey A.B., Later Medieval India, New Delhi, 1980.
  3. Srivastava A.L., History of Delhi Sultanate, New Delhi, 2003.
  4. Sharma S.R., Mughal Empire, New Delhi, 2001.
  5. Tripathi R.S., Rise & Fall of Mughal Empire, New Delhi, 1999.
  6. Mahajan V.D., Advanced History of India, New Delhi, 1783.
  7. Sathyanathaier R., A Political & Cultural History of India, Vol. III
     & IV Madras, 1973.
  8. Aggarwal J.C., Medieval History of India, New Delhi, 1999.
                             SEMESTER II

                                MAJOR IV

OBJECTIVES: To enable the students to understand political, social,
economic and administrative History Tamil Nadu

 UNIT I:20 Hours
              Tamilagam under Nayaks and Marathas – The Sethupathis
of Ramanad

 UNIT II: 15 Hours
                   The Carnatic Nawabs - Advent of Europeans - Anglo –
French rivalry – The Carnatic Wars

 UNIT III: 15 Hours
                   Raise of Poligars – Veera Pandiya Kattabomman – The
Maruthu Brothers –South Indian Rebellion Of 1801 – Vellore Mutiny of

 UNITIV: 15 Hours
                     Tamilnadu Under the British – Revenue Settlement –
Role Of Tamilnadu in the Freedom Struggle – Justice party – Self – Respect
Movement and Periyar E.V. R

 UNIT V: 20 Hours
                 Contemporary Tamilagam – Tamilagam under Congress
rule – D.M.K – Anti – Hindi Agitation – C.N. Annadurai – Dravidian rule:


    1. K.Rajayyan – History of Tamilnadu, Madurai 1985.
    2. N.Subramaniam- Social and Cultural history of Tamilnadu 1336-
       1984, Madurai 1980.
    3. K.A. Neelakanda Sastri
                             SEMESTER II
                              ALLIED II


OBJECTIVES: To understand the rich art and architectural Wealth of

      UNIT I: 15 Hours
              Background Meaning of Art and Architecture-Sculpture-
Painting and Indian Iconography.
      UNIT II: 15 Hours
              Indus Valley Civilization-Town Plan-Great Bath, Terracottas-
Vedic Art and Architecture.
      UNIT III: 20 Hours
               Mauryan Art-Pattaliputra Palace-Stupas-Pillars-Chaityas-
Monastries-Art and Architecture under Sungas and Kushnas-Gandhara Art.
      UNIT IV: 20 Hours
              Golden Age of India Art under the Guptas-Evolution of the
Buddhist and Braminical Art-Ajantha Caves, Temple at Bhitargaon.
      UNIT V: 20 Hours
               Art and Architecture in the South-Pallavas and Challukyas.

Text books & Reference: -

         1. Bhasham A.L., A Cultural History of India, New Delhi, 1997.
         2. Bhasham A.L., Wonder that was India, New Delhi, 1980.
         3. Percy Brown, India Five thousands years of Indian Art,
            Bombay, 1960.
         4. Smith V.A., History of Fine Arts in India & Ceylon, Oxford,
                                  SEMESTER III
                                    MAJOR- V
                      FROM A.D.1757 to A.D 1905.
     OBJECTIVES: This syllabus is intended to focus on the colonial
establishment of British in India and Emergence of Nationalism.

           UNIT I: 20 Hours
       English Success in Bengal: Robert Clive- The company’s
Administration: Warren Hastings-Acts of 1773 and 1784-Cornwallis.
            UNIT II: 15 Hours
       Wellesley-Lord Hastings-Reforms of Bentinck-Maharaja Ranjit
            UNIT III: 15 Hours
       Reforms of Dalhousie-Revolt of 1857-Economic impact of
Company’s rule.
            UNIT IV: 20 Hours
        India under the crown: Lytton-Ripon-curzon-Acts of 1858,1861
and 1892.
            UNIT V: 20 Hours
       National Awakening: Socio-Religious Reform Movements-
Emergence of Nationalism-Indian National Congress-Moderates.

      1.   Chopra P.N and Majumdar, R.C, - Main Currents in
           Indian History
      2.   Grover, B.L and Grover’s, - A New Look on Modern
           Indian History.
      3.   Majumdar and others- An Advanced History of India
           Part III Modern India.
      4.   HariRao and Hanumanthan- History of India (Vol.I)
      5.   Sathyanathaier. R and Vasudeva Rao- A text book of
           Indian History (Vol. III)
      6.   Sadasivam. D - Indian History (Vol. III) in Tamil.
                              SEMESTER- III
                         MAJOR – VI
      HISTORY OF EAST ASIA FROM A.D. 1839 TO A.D. 1919
OBJECTIVES- To make the students to understand the history of East

UNIT I : 15 hours
          Advent of Europeans – Impact on China and Japan
UNIT II : 20 hours
           China – Opium Wars 1839 – 1816 Taiping Rebellion – Open
door policy – First Sino Japanese War – Boxer Rebellion

UNIT III : 20 hours
           China – The Revolution of 1911 – Dr. Sun Yat Sen – Yuan Shih
Kai – China in the I World War and its Impact – May 4th Movement

UNIT IV : 15 hours
         Japan – Shogunate – Meiji Restoration 1868 And Reforms

UNIT V : 15 hours
             Japan – Anglo Japanese Alliance 1903 – Russo Japanese War –
Japan in 1 World War – 21 Demands – Japan in Treaty of Versailles

Text Books
         Clyde and Beers            - The Far East
         Fifield,H.R.                –-The Diplomacy of East Asia
         Harrison,B.                - South East Asia
         Hall, D.G.E.               - HISTORY OF South East Asia
         Michael and Taylor        - The Far East in the Modern Times
         Okakurakakuji             - The Awakening of Japan
         Thomas E. Ennis           -Eastern Asia
         Vinacke                   - History of the Far East in Modern
                           SEMESTER III
                            ALLIED - III
        *             TRAVEL MANAGEMENT

OBJECTIVES: To provide an exposure to students about tourism & travel
           And details involved in its management.

         UNIT I: 15 Hours
Transport Industry, Air, Train, Road, sea and Waterways- Role of Managers
in Travel Industry.
          UNIT II: 20 Hours
                    Travel Formalities and Regulations-Passport, Visa,
Foreign Exchange-Customs and Immigration- Passenger Reservation and
Ticketing-Air Ticketing.

        UNIT III: 20 Hours
Travel Agency-Functions-Leading Travel Agencies-Thomas Cook-Cox and
King-American Express-IATA-Its Services.

         UNIT IV: 15 Hours
                    Travel Trade Associations and Travel Legislations –
Various Travel Associations – Universal Federation of Travel Agent
Associations – (UFTAA)-WATA – World Association of Travel Agencies –
American Society of Travel Agency (ASTA) Need for Travel Legislation –
Since Travel Legislation – European Community Guidelines.

          UNIT V: 20 Hours
                       Tour Operators -Tour Operations – Preparation of
Tour itinerary – Tour Operational details – Types of Tours-Supplementary
Tourist Professions – Tourist Guides – Tour Conductors – Chauffeurs –
Porters – Entertainers – Professional Training in Special Fields.

1. R.K. Sinha- Travel & Tourism Management
2. A.K. Bhatia- Tourism Management & Marketing- The Business Of
Travel Agency Operations.
3. P.N. Seth- Successful Tourism Management.
4. A.K. Bhatia – International Tourism, Fundamental & Practices.
                                   MAJOR VII

                        FROM A.D 1905 – A.D.2000.

OBJECTIVES: To enable the students to understand the freedom
movement and contemporary History of India
         UNIT I: 20 Hours
                           Rise of Radical and Militant Nationalism –
Objectives and Methods – Birth of Muslim league- Swadesi and Home Rule
Movements – Acts of 1909 and 1919.
         UNIT II: 20 Hours
                            Advent of Mahatma Gandhi- Non-Cooperation –
Civil Disobedience Movement-Act of 1935 –Muslim League’s Partition
Politics – Quit India Movement – Indian Independence Act of 1947.
         UNIT III: 15 Hours
                              Nehru Era: The Republican Constitution –
Integration of Indian States – Five Year Plans –Nehru’s Foreign Policy –
Indo – Pak War of 1965-Indira Gandhi – Green Revolution – Foreign Policy
– Emergency.
          UNIT IV: 15 Hours
                                  Janata Rule – Rajiv’s New Education
Policy and Panchayat Raj – Mandal Commission – Globalization – Mosque-
Mandir Conflict – Cross Border Terrorism.
          UNIT V: 15 Hours
                             Socio – Cultural Developments in India between
1905 and 2000 – Depressed Class Movement – Social Legislations –
Depressed Class Movements – B.R. Ambedkar – Growth of Science and

   1.Agarwal R.C- Constitution history of India, New Delhi 2000.
   2.Majumdar R.C and Srivastava- An advanced history of India Part-III
   (Vol. II), Delhi 1989.
   3.Keshwani- History of modern India 1800-1984, New Delhi 1990.
   4. Grover V.L- Modern India, New Delhi 2000.
                               SEMESTER - IV

                 *                  MAJOR VIII


OBJECTIVES: It enables the students to understand world geography and
its tourism resources.

          UNIT I: 20 Hours
Geographical Features of Tourist Development – Climate And Geography –
Impact of Geography of Tourism.

        UNIT II: 20 Hours
Relation between Tourist Generating Region and Destination Areas –
Geographical Regions Of Tourism European Region.

      UNIT III: 20 Hours
The Americas – Tourist Potential.

        UNIT IV: 15 Hours
Africa And West Asia – Tourist Potential.

        UNIT V: 15 Hours
The Far East And Australia – Asia Pacific Region.

  1. Dagal France- Tourism Today-A Geographic Analysis, London,
  2. Khauna and Gupta –Economic and Commercial Geography, New
     Delhi, 1987.
  3. Davis H.D., - Potential For Tourism of Developing Countries,
     Finance and Development, London, 1968.
  4. S.K.Sadhuban- Economic Geography, Madras, 1980.
  5. P.K. Seth- Successful Tourism Management Vol. I & II. Sterling
     publication pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 1985.
                              SEMESTER IV
                                ALLIED IV

                           WOMEN’S STUDIES

OBJECTIVES: To enable the students to understand the status of
women and their rights

           UNIT I: 15 Hours
Definition of Women’s Studies-Its Objectives- Scope-Theories of
Feminism- Women’s Movements in the west.

        UNIT II: 20 Hours
Women through the Ages- Indian Context – women in Freedom Struggle-
Pre-Gandhian Era and Gandhian Era.

         UNIT III: 20 Hours
 Rise of Feminist Movements and Organizations –Growth-Governmental
and Non- Governmental Organizations-National-State Councils For
Women- Achievements.

      UNIT IV: 20 Hours
Role of Women in Politics-Administration-Business-Industry-Women
Entrepreneurs-Need for Reservation.

      UNIT V: 15 Hours
 Women and Law Legal and Constitutional Rights-Labour Laws-Women in
Modern Society.

  1. Altekar A.S., The Position Of Women In Hindu Civilization From
     Ancient Times To The Present Day, New Delhi, Reprint, 1996
  2. Tara Ali Aog., India’s Women Power.
  3. Srinivas,M.N.,The Changing position of Indian Women.
  4. Altenber, A.S. Motilal Banarasi Dars.,The Position of Women in
     Hindu Civilisation
                             SEMESTER – V

                                MAJOR- IX

India )

OBJECTIVES: To enable the students to understand the history of Ancient

UNIT I : 15 Hours.
       Origin of life & development of Homo- Sapiens- Pre Historic
Culture-Paleolithic and Neolithic Cultures.

UNIT II : 20 Hours
       Grouth of civilization- River Valley Civilization- Egyptian
Civilization- Mesopotamian civilization.

UNIT III : 20 Hours.
    Hebrew civilization and Persian civilization.

UNIT IV : 20 Hours
    Greek civilization – Roman civilization
UNIT V : 15 Hours.
    Chinese and Japanese civilization.


      1.   Hayes, C.J., History of Civilization, Vol- I
      2.   Swain , J.E, A History of World Civilization.
      3.   Edward Burns & Ralf .,Western Civilization, Vol- I
      4.   Rebellow.,History of Civilization.
      5.   Wallbauk, T.W. Taylor and Bailay, Civilization Past and Present
                     SEMESTER – V
                       MAJOR X

OBJECTIVES- To enable the students to understand the history of
Modern Europe.

UNIT I ; 15 Hours
       Introduction – Europe at the close of the Middle Ages- Rennaissance.
UNIT II :20 Hours
       Reformation – Martin Luther – Calvin –Counter Reformation –
Ignatius Loyola – Voyages and Discoveries.
UNIT III : 20 Hours
       Charles V and Germany, Phillip II of Spain- Armada- Decline of
Spain- France under Henry IV- Richelieu- Mazartin- Louis XIV- His policy
and government- His foreign policy- War of Spanish succession – Peace of
UNIT IV : 20 Hours
       Rise and decline of Sweden – Gustavus Adolphus – Charles IX-
Thirty Years War- Peace of West Phalia.
       Rise of Russia –Peter The Great- His character and policy- Catherine
the Great- Partion of Poland.
UNIT V : 20 Hours
      Age of Enlightened Despots- Rise of Prussia- Fredrick the Great-
Martin Teresa – War of Austrian Succession – Seven Years War- The Anglo
French Colonial Rivalry – Joseph II of Austria.

 Text Books.
1. Grant.A. J. Europe; The Story of the Last Five Centuries, Long Mans
   London, New Impression, 1963.
2. Hayes, Political and Social History of Europe 1932.
3. South Gate,A Text Book of Modern European History,Vol, II& III OUP,
   London 1945
4. Vasudeva Rao. T.N, History of Europe (1453 to 1789) (Tamil), Tamil
   Nadu Text Book Society, Chennai 1974
Grant. A.J, Outlines of European History, Long Mans, London
                               SEMESTER - V
                                 MAJOR XI
OBJECTIVES: To make the students to understand the history of
    UNIT I: 15 Hours.
                 Mayflower – Colonial Experience – European Settlements
– 13 Colonies – War of Independence – Declaration Of Independence –
     UNIT II: 20 Hours.
 Constitution And Federalist – George Washington – Alexander Hamilton -
John Adams
     UNIT III:20 Hours.
Republican Revolution – Thomas Jefferson – War off 1812 – West Ward
Movement Monroe Doctrine – Jackson Ian Democracy
     UNIT IV:15 Hours.
 Expansion Of USA and the Issue of Slavery – Civil War – Abraham
Lincoln – Reconstruction
     UNIT V: 20 Hours.
Rise of Big Business – Agrarian Revolution – Pan Americans – The Spanish
– American War 1819 – Open Door Policy


1. Parks, H.B              -The United States of America-A History
2.   Hill, C.P.             –A History of the United States.
3.   D.C.Somerwell          - A History of the United States to 1941.
4.   William Miller        - A New History of United States.
5.   K.Rajyyan.              History of United States of America
                           SEMESTER V

      *                      MAJOR XII


OBJECTIVES: To enable the students to have a knowledge about the
hospitality industry and its importants

    UNIT I: 15 Hours
                       Definition of Hotel – Type of Hotels – International
Hotels – Resort hotels – Residential Hotels etc.
     UNIT II: 20 Hours
                        Supplementary Accommodation Motel – Youth
Hostel - Pension Caravan and Camping Sites – Bed and Breakfast
Establishment, Holiday Villages
     UNIT III: 15 Hours
                         International Hotel Chains – Star Classification -
Managerial System – Hotel Organization
     UNIT IV: 15 Hours
                         Hotel Terminology – Common Phrases used in the
Day – to – Day Working of Hotels – Cultural Habits – Dress, Food Habits
and Diet
     UNIT V: 20 Hours
                        Hotel Industry in India – Classification of Hotels in
India – Major Hotels claims in India – Federation of Hotel and Restaurant
Association of India (FHRAI)


     1.Pushpinder S. Gill (ed) – Tourism and Hotel Management.
     2.Medik.S. – Profile of the Hotel and Catering Industry.
     3.Anand.M.M. – Tourism and Hotel Industry in India.
     4.Sinha.R.K. – Travel and Tourism Management.
     5.Bubart.A.J and Medik – Tourism; Past, Present and Future.
                               SEMESTER V

               APPLICATION ORIENTED SUBJECT –I                       *

OBJECTIVES: To know about the computer operations and its application
in the tourism industry students

            UNIT I: 15 Hours .

                            Introduction: The Structure of Computers And
Functions – Over View Of Computers Organizations – Computer
Representation Of Information – The Arithmetic Logic Unit -The Control
Unit – Memory – Input and Output Devices – Storage Devices.

            UNIT II: 15Hours .

                            Word Processing: Creating Word Documents
– Editing Document Text Applying Text Enactments – Aligning And
Formatting Adding Lists – Numbers – Symbols And the Date and Time
Replacing and Checking Text – Getting Into Print. Formatting Pages –
Working with columns - Constituting high quality Tables - Managing Data
in Word – Creating customized merge documents – Publishing online forms.

 UNIT III: 15 Hours .

                    Data Base: Planning And Creating And using forms –
Modifying Tables – Working with External data - Creating the relational
database – Enhancing form design – producing reports creating queries.

UNIT IV: 15 Hours.

                    Internet: Introduction to Internet – Resources of Internet
– Hardware and Software requirements           of Internet – Internet service
providers – Internet addressing – Mail Using mail from shell Account –
Introduction to Web – using the Web
UNIT V: 15 Hours.

                  Power point: Building Presentation – Modifying Visual
elements – Formatting and Checking Text – Adding Objects – Applying
Transition, Animation effects and linking – Preparing handouts – Taking the
Show on the Road


            Tourism: Introduction Tournet, Features of Tour Manager:
Costing, Reservation and Cancellation on request, Preparation of Exchange
Orders Invoicing and Accounts.

Practicals – 25 Hours


      1.Rajaraman.J. – Introduction to Computer Science.
     2.BPB Publications, 1999 – Microsoft Office 2000 by Gini
Courter,Annette Marquis.
      3.Harley han TMH Edition, 1996 – Internet Complete Reference.
                         SEMESTER VI
                          MAJOR XIII
          HISTORY OF EUROPE FROM A.D.1789 To A.D1945

OBJECTIVES –To enable the students to understand the history of

UNIT I –15 hours
        French Revolution-Napolean

UNIT II - 20 hours
        Vienna Congress- European Concert- Metternich- Revolution
1830- 1848

UNIT III – 20 hours
          Emergence of Nation States in the 19 th century – Balkan states,
Italy and Germany(Eastern Question)- Napolean III and Third republic of

UNIT IV- 20 hours
        Age of Armed Peace- First World War- League of Nations-
Russian Revolution

UNIT V- 15 hours
       Rise of Dictatorship- II World War – U.N.O


         Fisher, H.A.L.                – History of Europe
         Hayes, C.J.                   – Modern Europe since 1870
         Ketelby, C.D.M.              - History of Modern Times
         Grant, A.J. and Timberly     - Europe in 19th and 20th Centuries
         Hazen, C.D.                  – Modern Europe
                            SEMESTER VI
                             MAJOR XIV

                FROM, A.D. 1945-TO A.D. 2000.

OBJECTIVES: To know about the political developments and rise of
UNIT I: 15 Hours
Introduction- The World after war- The UNO at work- Emergence of Blocs-
Western Bloc and Communist Bloc- Cold War and Economic Assistance.
UNIT II: 15 Hours
Awakening in Africa- Birth Of Independence States – Quest for African
identify And Unity- South Africa and Nelson Mandela.
UNIT III: 20 Hours
Asian Countries – struggle for Development –Asia in world affairs- Asian
Relation Conferences, 1947, 1948-Colombo Conference 1950-Non
Alignment Movement- Bandung Conference 1955-Middle East- Israel and
UNIT IV: 15 Hours
Latin America World Affairs – Latin American Countries – Cuba under
Fidel Castro – The USA’s policy.
UNIT V: 20 Hours
 Revisionism in Russia – Glasnost and Perestroika Collapse of USSR –
Unipolar World and USA as the Super Power – European Union –
Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization – Major Trends in Science
and Technology – Nuclear, Space and Communication.
   1.Gamberedcie.M.R. – World History Picture and Story.
   2. Harry Browne – World History, the Twentieth century.
    3. Drerey E. Wood – This Modern World.
    4. Saksena.N.S. – 20th century World History, Highlights and Trends.
    5. George W. South Gate, B.A – An Introduction to World History.
    6. Ben Finger – Concise World History.
    7. David Thomson – World History from 1914 to 1950.
    8. Alice Magneir, John Conrad and Appel – History of the World.
    9. John Hatch – Africa Today and Tomorrow.
    10. Ronal Segel – Africa Profiles.
    11.Nelanbangi Sithole – African Nationalism.
                             SEMESTER VI
                               MAJOR XV
                         STUDIES IN HUMAN RIGHTS
OBJECTIVES: To know about the human rights & Human
Rights Organisation

UNIT I: 20Hours
Theories on Human Rights:Introduction – Definition – Classification of
Rights – The concept of liberty and Equality.
UNIT II:15 Hours
The universal Declaration of Human Rights – The international covenants
on economic, social, civil, political and cultural rights.
UNIT III: 20 Hours
Constitutional Guarantee on human rights in India – Civil, political,
economic rights – rights of the emerging sectors – women’s rights.
UNIT IV: 15 Hours
Contemporary issues in human rights – bonded labour and wages – Female
infanticide – Dalits.
UNIT V: 20 Hours
Human rights and international organizations – Violation of human rights –
Discovering the realities of life.

    1.Agarwal.R.S. – Human Rights in the modern world.
    2.Bajwa.G.S. – Human Rights in India.
    3.Devasia.V.V. – Human Rights and Victimology.
   1. Johari.J.C. – Human Rights and New World Order.
   2. Josef L. Kunz – The Declaration of Human Rights 1948.
   3. Mausice Cranston – What are Human Rights.
   4. Pandey – Constitutional Law.
   5. Singh.S.K. – Bonded Labour and the Law.
   6. Timm.R.W. –Working for justice and Human Rights.
  10. International Bill of Human Rights, Amnesty International
Publication, 1988.
                                  SEMESTER VI
                                   MAJOR XVI
OBJECTIVES: To provide an exposure to students about Air Ticketing
         UNIT I: 15Hours
                       Air Transport: Airlines abbreviations, Codes and
Definitions – Aircraft and in – Flight Service – Airport facilities and Special
passengers – Automation – Baggage – International Regulations – Travel
           UNIT II: 15 Hours
                             of Air Fares and Ticketing – I: Arrangement of
the tariff manuals – Terms and Definition – Published fares – Currency
regulations – Round and Circle trip fares – journeys in different classes –
Special fares – Discounted fares – Tax – Ticketing instructions – BSP
procedures – Stock control and Security accountable documents.
          UNIT III: 15 Hours
                            Air Fares and Ticketing – 2: Review of basic fare
construction principles – The mileage system – Lowest combination
principle – Round and circle trip fares – Journeys in different classes of
service – Around the world fares – “Open Jaw” journeys – special fares –
Re-routings – Collection of fares
          UNIT IV:20 Hours
                            Tour Programmer: Terms and abbreviation –
types of tours – How and why tours are programmed – Items included in a
tour brochure – Booking conditions – Reservation procedures.
           UNIT V: 20 Hours
                             Travel Formalities: The Passport – Health
certificates – Tax – customs and currency – Travel insurance – General
preventives measures – The Travel information Manual (TIM) –
Consequences of negligence.
      1. Jagmohan Negi – Air Travel Ticketing and Fare Construction,
           New Delhi 2004(Kanishka Publishers, Distributors)
        2. Guides to IATA/UFTAA Training courses and journals
           Published by International Air Transport Association and
           Universal Federation of Travel Agent Association.

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