Docstoc

Phrasal Verbs 1

Document Sample
Phrasal Verbs 1 Powered By Docstoc
					Phrasal Verbs 1 (Advanced)

break into – to get into a building or car by using force, usually in order to steal
something.
break into – to use someone else’s computer without permission in order to find out or
change information.
break into – to start to use an amount of money or food that you have been saving.
break into – to open a container of food or drink in order to start eating or drinking what
is in it.
break into – to use paper money to buy something because you do not have enough
coins to pay for it.
break into – to become involved in a type of business or activity that is difficult to
become involved in.
break into – to suddenly start to do something.

grow up – to gradually change from being a child to an adult.
grow up! – something that you say to an adult in order to tell them to stop behaving
stupidly.

throw away – to get rid of something because you do not want or need it any more.
throw away – to waste a skill or an opportunity to do something good.

get into – to become interested in an activity or subject, or to start being involved in an
activity.
get into – to succeed in getting a place at school.
get into – to succeed in becoming a member of a team.
get into – to start to have a particular habit or way of behaving.
get into – to be thin enough to be able to put your clothes on.
get into – to become involved in a difficult situation, often without intending to, or to
make someone do this.
get into – to criticize someone.

phone up – to telephone someone.

log on(also onto, in, into) – to put your name into a computer so that you can start using
it.

hack into – to get into someone else’s computer system without permission in order to
look at some information or do something illegal.

run up – to run to where the person is.
run up – if you run up a debt (e.g. bill, deficit), you do things that cause you to owe a
large amount of money.
run up – to make something very quickly, especially by sewing.
run up – to raise a flag to the top of its pole.
run up – to make the price or value of something (e.g. stocks) increase.



                                              1
find out – to get information about something because you want to know more about it,
or to learn a fact or piece of information for the first time.
find out – to discover that someone has done something wrong.

go about – to start to do something or deal with something.
go about – to continue with an activity.
go about – if someone goes about doing something, they spend their time behaving badly
or doing something that is unpleasant for other people.
go about – if an illness goes about, a lot of people get it.
go about – if a story or piece of news goes about, a lot of people are talking about it.
go about – to dress up or behave in a particular way.
go about – if a boat or a ship goes about, it turns around.

keep at – to keep working hard at something difficult or something that takes a long
time, or to make someone continue to work hard.

track down – to find someone or something after searching for them in many different
places.

set about – to start doing something, especially something that uses a lot of time or
energy.
set about – to start dealing with something in a particular way.
set about – to attack someone physically.

shut down – if a factory or business shuts down, or if someone closes it down, it closes
and stops working.
shut down – if a machine shuts down, or if someone shuts it down, it stops operating.

hand over – to give something to someone else.
hand over – to give someone else responsibility for or control of something or someone.

keep ahead – to continue to be more advanced and successful than other people, or to
make sure that someone is more advanced or successful than other people.

* Definitions and exercises from: Cambridge International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs




                                             2
                                              Exercises
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verb from the Advanced Phrasal Verb list.
    1.  A student had managed to __________ some top-secret government data.
    2.  All prisoners of war will be __________ after the ceasefire.
    3.  American banks are starting to __________ the British financial market.
    4.  Anyone can __________ this computer.
    5.  Both chemical factories were __________ for safety reasons.
    6.  Business was bad during the recession and we __________ debt.
    7.  Can you not do something Rob? You _____ us _____ this mess!
    8.  Could you lend me 50 cents – otherwise I will have to __________ a $10 bill to
        pay for the soda.
    9. Did she __________ university?
    10. Do not believe anything you hear, there are all kinds of rumors __________.
    11. Dr. Clark will be __________ responsibility for her patients from next month.
    12. England had the chance to take the lead in the second half and they just _____ it
        _____.
    13. Everyone __________ in fur coats and thermal boots.
    14. He announced his decision to resign and __________ to his junior.
    15. He __________ their computer system and stole some top-secret records.
    16. He had drunk too much and __________ a fight outside the restaurant.
    17. He has often thought about having an affair, but is worried that his wife would
        __________.
    18. He is hoping to __________ the school team.
    19. He knew that if his parents __________ about the party he would never be
        allowed to stay in the house again on his own.
    20. He lived in dread of being __________.
    21. He __________ a lot of debts while he was unemployed.
    22. Heavy buying __________ the price of stocks higher than expected.
    23. Here seems to be a lot of flu __________ at the moment.
    24. How can we __________ solving this problem?
    25. How did you __________ journalism?
    26. I am going to __________ those magazines if you have finished reading them.
    27. I am trying to __________ one of my old school friends.
    28. I got home and immediately __________ cleaning the house.
    29. I __________ the habit of having a snack at about 11 each morning.
    30. I had not spoken to you for ages so I thought I would _____ you _____.
    31. I have put on so much weight that I cannot __________ any of my clothes any
        more.
    32. I need to __________ exactly what went wrong.
    33. I need to finish a job but I do not know how to __________ the task.
    34. I __________ behind him and slapped him on the back.
    35. I think they are __________ the problem the wrong way.
    36. I told him that a letter from the bank had just arrived and he __________ a sweat.
    37. I wish she would not __________ telling people that I am depressed.
    38. I would like to help, but what is the best way to __________ it?
    39. In spite of last night’s bomb attack most people seem to be __________ their
        business as usual.


                                                   3
40. It was work that required intense concentration and he _____ us _____ it all
    afternoon.
41. Learning a language is hard work – you will have to __________ it.
42. Learning to drive is not easy, as you will soon __________.
43. Learning to take disappointments is all part of __________.
44. __________ using your own name and password.
45. My car has been __________ twice this month.
46. Next time, could you use the cheese that is open before you go __________ a new
    packet?
47. Oh __________, for God’s sake, it really is not that funny!
48. Our food supply ran out after five days and we had to __________ our emergency
    rations.
49. Ring the restaurant to __________ if they still have a table free.
50. She can __________ a dress in a couple of hours on her sewing machine.
51. She _____ herself _____ trouble with the police.
52. She __________ in New Zealand.
53. She has been __________ yoga recently.
54. She __________ to me and put this package in my hands.
55. She tends to whistle as she __________ her household chores.
56. That is right Jo, you __________ him!
57. The audience __________ tears as the band came on stage.
58. The boat __________ as it came close to the shore.
59. The British flag was __________ on the roof.
60. The computer system __________ automatically at 8pm.
61. The driver was forced to __________ the keys and was left standing on the
    roadside.
62. The job provides good experience for people who want to __________ charity
    work.
63. The selling power of the name alone will _____ them _____ of their rivals.
64. These potatoes are past their best – I think I should _____ them _____.
65. They dragged him into an alley and __________ him with their fists.
66. They have finally managed to __________ that book I wanted.
67. They will have to work hard to __________ in the opinion polls.
68. Three thousand people will lose their jobs if the car manufacturer __________.
69. We __________ that it was his birthday and so we decided to buy him a small
    present.
70. We had to __________ a completely different routine once the baby arrived.
71. We __________ the most enormous bill in the first restaurant we went to.
72. What do you want to be when you __________?
73. Why do you not __________ and see if there are any tickets left for tonight?
74. Without warning, she had __________ a run and he thought that he would never
    catch up.
75. You can always __________ your savings if you are short of cash.
76. You cannot __________ treating people like that!
77. You have spent years doing all that training and now you are going to _____ it all
    _____.



                                        4
Answer Key
   1. A student had managed to hack into some top-secret government data.
   2. All prisoners of war will be handed over after the ceasefire.
   3. American banks are starting to break into the British financial market.
   4. Anyone can log on this computer.
   5. Both chemical factories were shut down for safety reasons.
   6. Business was bad during the recession and we got into debt.
   7. Can you not do something Rob? You got us into this mess!
   8. Could you lend me 50 cents – otherwise I will have to break into a $10 bill to
       pay for the soda.
   9. Did she get into university?
   10. Do not believe anything you hear, there are all kinds of rumors going about.
   11. Dr. Clark will be handing over responsibility for her patients from next month.
   12. England had the chance to take the lead in the second half and they just threw it
       away.
   13. Everyone went about in fur coats and thermal boots.
   14. He announced his decision to resign and hand over to his junior.
   15. He broke into their computer system and stole some top-secret records.
   16. He had drunk too much and got into a fight outside the restaurant.
   17. He has often thought about having an affair, but is worried that his wife would
       find out.
   18. He is hoping to get into the school team.
   19. He knew that if his parents found out about the party he would never be allowed
       to stay in the house again on his own.
   20. He lived in dread of being found out.
   21. He ran up a lot of debts while he was unemployed.
   22. Heavy buying ran up the price of stocks higher than expected.
   23. Here seems to be a lot of flu going about at the moment.
   24. How can we go about solving this problem?
   25. How did you get into journalism?
   26. I am going to throw away those magazines if you have finished reading them.
   27. I am trying to track down one of my old school friends.
   28. I got home and immediately set about cleaning the house.
   29. I got into the habit of having a snack at about 11 each morning.
   30. I had not spoken to you for ages so I thought I would phone you up.
   31. I have put on so much weight that I cannot get into any of my clothes any more.
   32. I need to find out exactly what went wrong.
   33. I need to finish a job but I do not know how to set about the task.
   34. I ran up behind him and slapped him on the back.
   35. I think they are setting about the problem the wrong way.
   36. I told him that a letter from the bank had just arrived and he broke into a sweat.
   37. I wish she would not go about telling people that I am depressed.
   38. I would like to help, but what is the best way to go about it?
   39. In spite of last night’s bomb attack most people seem to be going about their
       business as usual.
   40. It was work that required intense concentration and he kept us at it all afternoon.



                                             5
41. Learning a language is hard work – you will have to keep at it.
42. Learning to drive is not easy, as you will soon find out.
43. Learning to take disappointments is all part of growing up.
44. Log on using your own name and password.
45. My car has been broken into twice this month.
46. Next time, could you use the cheese that is open before you go breaking into a
    new packet?
47. Oh grow up, for God’s sake, it really is not that funny!
48. Our food supply ran out after five days and we had to break into our emergency
    rations.
49. Ring the restaurant to find out if they still have a table free.
50. She can run up a dress in a couple of hours on her sewing machine.
51. She got herself into trouble with the police.
52. She grew up in New Zealand.
53. She has been getting into yoga recently.
54. She ran up to me and put this package in my hands.
55. She tends to whistle as she goes about her household chores.
56. That is right Jo, you get into him!
57. The audience broke into tears as the band came on stage.
58. The boat went about as it came close to the shore.
59. The British flag was run up on the roof.
60. The computer system shuts down automatically at 8pm.
61. The driver was forced to hand over the keys and was left standing on the
    roadside.
62. The job provides good experience for people who want to break into charity
    work.
63. The selling power of the name alone will keep them ahead of their rivals.
64. These potatoes are past their best – I think I should throw them away.
65. They dragged him into an alley and set about him with their fists.
66. They have finally managed to track down that book I wanted.
67. They will have to work hard to keep ahead in the opinion polls.
68. Three thousand people will lose their jobs if the car manufacturer shuts down.
69. We found out that it was his birthday and so we decided to buy him a small
    present.
70. We had to get into a completely different routine once the baby arrived.
71. We ran up the most enormous bill in the first restaurant we went to.
72. What do you want to be when you grow up?
73. Why do you not phone up and see if there are any tickets left for tonight?
74. Without warning, she had broken into a run and he thought that he would never
    catch up.
75. You can always break into your savings if you are short of cash.
76. You cannot go about treating people like that!
77. You have spent years doing all that training and now you are going to throw it all
    away.




                                        6
Phrasal Verbs 2 (Beginners)

come across – to discover something by chance, or to meet someone by chance.
come out – to leave a room, building or covered place.
come round – to visit someone at their house.
come up – to move towards someone or something so that you are near them or next to
them.

get in – to succeed in entering a place, especially a building.
get on – to go onto a bus, train, aircraft or boat.
get over – to begin to feel better after an experience that has made you unhappy.
get through – to manage to talk to someone on the phone.

go down – to become lower in level.
go off – to leave a place and go somewhere else.
go on – to continue to exist or happen.
go through – to experience an unpleasant or difficult situation or event.
go over – to talk or think about something in order to explain it or make sure that it is
correct.

take off – to remove something that you are wearing, especially a piece of clothing./if a
an aircraft, bird or insect takes off, it moves from the ground and begins to fly.
take on – to begin to employ someone./to accept a particular job or responsibility and
begin to do what is needed.
take over – to start doing a job or being responsible for something that someone else was
doing or was responsible for before you.
take up – to start doing a particular job or activity.

  ** Definitions from: Cambridge International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs – more
                          definitions are available as well.




                                              7
                                               Exercises
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verb from the Beginners Phrasal Verb list.

    1. Yesterday, when I _________ of my apartment on the second floor and went
       downstairs, I _________ my old school mate from University. He was _________
       to visit his colleague from work on the first floor. I told him to _________ after
       he had finished with his visit.
    2. I was eventually able to _________ to my girlfriend to let her know that I would
       be coming to visit her. She is just _________ the death of her mother. So, I will
       _________ a bus later this evening and I will arrive at night. I am not sure if I will
       be able to _________, as I do not have keys to her flat, so I might have to wake
       her up.
    3. Before I _________ to the meeting on the other side of town, I will have to
       _________ to the design department to _________ some last minute changes. I
       really do not like giving presentations as I have a tendency to ramble sometimes.
       So, I hope that I will be able to _________ the whole presentation without
       _________ too much.
    4. The project was failing, so I had to _________ and reorganize the whole thing.
       First, I _________ some new people, to inject new ideas. Then we _________
       from where the old people left off. We did so well, that at the end of the project
       we were ahead of schedule and under budget. As a reward, I was given a bonus
       and some time off, and tomorrow I will _________ to Hawaii for a long vacation.




                                                    8
                                     Answer Key

1. Yesterday, when I came out of my apartment on the second floor and went
   downstairs, I came across my old school mate from University. He was coming
   round to visit his colleague from work on the first floor. I told him to come up
   after he had finished with his visit.
2. I was eventually able to get through to my girlfriend to let her know that I would
   be coming to visit her. She is just getting over the death of her mother. So, I will
   get on a bus later this evening and I will arrive at night. I am not sure if I will be
   able to get in, as I do not have keys to her flat, so I might have to wake her up.
3. Before I go off to the meeting on the other side of town, I will have to go down to
   the design department to go over some last minute changes. I really do not like
   giving presentations as I have a tendency to ramble sometimes. So, I hope that I
   will be able to go through the whole presentation without going on too much.
4. The project was failing, so I had to take over and reorganize the whole thing.
   First, I took on some new people, to inject new ideas. Then we took up from
   where the old people left off. We did so well, that at the end of the project we
   were ahead of schedule and under budget. As a reward, I was given a bonus and
   some time off, and tomorrow I will take off to Hawaii for a long vacation.




                                          9
Phrasal Verbs 3 (Intermediate)

back up – to say that someone is telling the truth; to support or help someone; if a
musician backs up another musician, they play music or sing with them; to prove that
something is true; to drive a car backwards; to make a copy of computer information so
that you do not lose it; if traffic backs up, the vehicles have to wait in a long line because
there are too many of them.
keep up – to go at the same speed as someone or something that is moving forward, so
that you stay the same level with them; to increase or to make progress at the same speed
as something or someone else so that you stay the same level with them; to be able to
understand or deal with something that is happening or changing very fast; to continue
without stopping or changing, or to continue something without allowing it to stop or
change; to not allow something that is at a high level to fall to a lower level; to practice a
skill that you learned in the past so that you continue to be good at it; to keep a building
in good condition, usually by providing money to repair it; to make someone go to bed
later than they usually do; to continue to do something, especially to work hard or to do
good work.
update – to bring up to date.
build up – to increase in amount, size, or strength, or to make something increase in
amount, size, or strength; to develop and improve something; to gradually make or create
something; to praise someone or something and say that they are very important or
special; to make someone healthier and stronger after an illness, especially by making
sure they eat a lot.
set up – to start a company or organization; to make arrangements that something can
happen or exist; to trick someone in order to make them do something, or in order to
make them seem guilty of something that they have not done; to give someone the money
that they need to start a business; to start working for yourself in your own company; to
get all the necessary equipment ready for a particular activity; the way in which
equipment for a particular activity is set up; if something (e.g. sleep, breakfast) sets you
up, it prepares your body for the day by making you feel healthy and energetic.
upgrade – to improve, raise to a higher grade or level.
catch up – to reach someone in front of you by going faster than them; to reach the same
quality or standard as someone or something else; to learn the newest facts about
something.
start up – if a business or other organization starts up, or if someone starts one up, it is
created and starts to operate; if a vehicle or engine starts up, or if someone starts it up, it
starts to work; if a sound or activity starts up, or if someone starts it up, it starts to
happen; to sit up or stand up suddenly because you are surprised; to begin to work or to
manage a business.
free up – to make time or money available for a particular use by not using it in another
way; to do something for someone so that they are available to do something else.

  *** Definitions from: Cambridge International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs (except
    update and upgrade: Geddes & Grosset New English Dictionary and Thesaurus)




                                              10
                                               Exercises
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verb from the Intermediate Phrasal Verb list.

I along with my brother, were able to _________ enough money to create a _________ in
computer software. As we wanted to _________ our words to our potential clients, we
poured all of our time and effort into making the company succeed. We were eventually
able to _________ a huge clientele, _________ a sister company based on customer
service, and hire hundreds of employees. The sister company was able to _________ our
clients servers with one click of a button. Soon, we were so successful, that every new
competitor was trying to emulate us and trying to _________ with our advances. When
we felt that we could not _________ our business empire anymore, we decided to sell the
business and start to _________ on some well deserved leisure time.




                                                   11
Answer Key

I along with my brother, were able to free up enough money to create a start-up in
computer software. As we wanted to back up our words to our potential clients, we
poured all of our time and effort into making the company succeed. We were eventually
able to build up a huge clientele, set up a sister company based on customer service, and
hire hundreds of employees. The sister company was able to update our clients servers
with one click of a button. Soon, we were so successful, that every new competitor was
trying to emulate us and trying to keep up with our advances. When we felt that we could
not upgrade our business empire anymore, we decided to sell the business and start to
catch up on some well deserved leisure time.




                                           12

				
DOCUMENT INFO