The BUGLE! Newsletter Volume V, Issue 4 QUARTERLY PUBLICATION Fall 2004 From the Desk of Acting Fire Chief David Orth I am honored to have been appointed Acting Fire Chief, following the retirement of Chief Garcia on September 17. I have worked for the Berkeley Fire Department since 1978 and have served as the Deputy Fire Chief for the past two years. I’ve also held the position of Assistant Fire Chief for ten years prior to my appointment as Deputy Fire Chief. I began my career as a Firefighter EMT/EMS and have worked in many capacities over the past 27 years gaining extensive experience in fire suppression and fire prevention and investigation. I am pleased to be serving the residents of Berkeley and will do my best to uphold Chief Garcia’s vision of the Berkeley Fire Department as one of the leading fire departments on the West Coast. FEMA Fire Prevention and Safety Grant to Reduce Fire Hazards in the Berkeley Hills FEMA has awarded the City of Berkeley a $413,000 Fire Prevention and Safety Grant to reduce the urban wildland interface fire hazard in the Berkeley Hills. Reduction of the fire hazard will substantially improve community and fire fighter safety. Berkeley will provide $177,000 in matching funds. The grant will be used in four ways: 1. Create and implement a fire hazard education program. The program will evaluate materials provided by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (the USDA-Forest Service, Department of Interior, National Association of State Foresters, U.S. Fire Administration and National Fire Protection Association), and those from local agencies, such as California Fire Safe Councils and the Hills Emergency Forum. The funds will be used for analysis, community training, and design, production, and distribution of educational materials. 2. Create and staff a fire hazard evaluation program. This will include a hazard assessment, identifying and prioritizing areas of concern, inspections, and collecting data to advance academic studies of the Berkeley Hills. It will evaluate past and current Berkeley inspection programs, and those programs recommended by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group and the Hills Emergency Forum. 3. Create and implement a vegetation management program that maximizes the use of, and reduces the fuel within, the Berkeley Hill pathways. Funds will be used to analyze the Berkeley Hill pathways and prescribe an effective treatment plan for fuel reduction along the path network. This will reduce fuel load, create potential firebreaks and make the pathways more attractive as community evacuation routes. 4. Create and implement effective program measures, in cooperation with UC Berkeley. Funds will be used to develop and measure criteria to assess the education, evaluation and vegetation management programs. These criteria will be tracked to ensure effective use of program resources and sustainability of Berkeley Hills fire hazard reduction efforts. The Berkeley Fire Department urges For more information, contact Bill Greulich, consumers who own these appliances to 510-981-5502. immediately stop using them. Affected Fire in Your Backyard – Whirlpool dishwashers have model numbers Friend or Foe? beginning with 665. In addition to model numbers, both Whirlpool and Kenmore have serial numbers ranging from FA2400000 The East Bay Regional Park District and the through FA5299999 or from FB0100000 Berkeley Fire Department are co-sponsoring through FB1899999. These numbers can be a program at the Tilden Nature Center’s found on a plate inside the dishwasher door, Environmental Education Center on on the right front edge of the tub. Saturday, November 6, 2:00-3:30. The program covers three fire issues, followed by Owners of Whirlpool dishwashers should a demonstration of a fire engine, firefighters’ have their model and serial number available, personal protective equipment and wildland and then call 800-874-9481. Consumers who firefighting techniques: bought either brand from Sears, Roebuck and Co. should call 800-927-1625. Service calls • Fire history in the East Bay and repairs will be made at no cost to • Fire ecology (how fire affects selected consumers. plants and animals) • Homeowner safety (will your home survive a wildland fire?) Neighborhood Trainings Every participant will receive a free copy of Berkeley’s Office of Emergency Services, “Will Your Home Survive,” a guide to help along with other representatives from the improve the odds against wildland fire. These City’s Fire and Police Departments, held four guides are paid for by the City of Berkeley’s neighborhood disaster trainings this summer. FEMA Fire Prevention and Safety Grant. Bill Greulich, Emergency Services Manager, reviewed the incident management system For more information on “Fire in Your used by federal, state, city and local Backyard,” call Dave Zuckermann of the responders, and examined how it can be EBRPD at 510-525-2233. applied to neighborhood organizations. Participants practiced using this system through role-playing. One participant Defective Dishwashers Blamed for commented on how eye-opening it was to be Recent Fires juggling equipment needs, team member assignments, and safety issues all at once. Over 90 participants worked with police and Fire investigators blame defective firefighters to learn effective use of radios. dishwashers for two recent fires in Contra Skills practiced included protocols, how to Costa County. The dishwashers, recalled in identify yourself, and how to confirm that 1996 by Whirlpool and Kenmore, sold from messages have been accurately sent and June 1991 through October 1992 for $350 to received. $475. According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, faulty wiring in the door The trainings took place throughout the City latches may cause handles to overheat and in four of Berkeley’s organized catch fire. neighborhoods: Stuart Street/LeConte, Grant/Allston, Santa Fe/Gilman and the Panoramic Hill area. This program was partially funded through CPR stands for cardiopulmonary Citizen Corps, a program of the Federal resuscitation, a combination of rescue Emergency Management Agency. breathing (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation) and chest compressions. If someone is not breathing or circulating blood adequately, CERT Class Enrollment CPR can restore circulation of oxygen-rich blood to the brain. Without oxygen, Many people have been registering for the permanent brain damage or death can occur September/October/November series of in less than 8 minutes. CPR courses teach CERT classes. Three classes remain on this you to call 911 “first and fast,” which may schedule: not be an option in a disaster situation. Light Search & Rescue – Saturday, For more information about CPR classes in October 16, 9-1 the area, call the American Red Cross (1- 800-520-5433) or the American Heart Disaster First Aid – Saturday, Association (1-877-242-4277). October 30, 9-12 Fire Suppression – Saturday, Duck, Cover and Hold November 13, 9-1 We have received a number of questions These classes are taught by on-duty fire recently about the most appropriate actions to fighters and take place at the Fire take during an earthquake. Claims from Doug Department’s Training Center at 997 Cedar Copp about the “triangle of life” have been Street. All are free to anyone who lives or circulated via the Internet and have caused a works in Berkeley. You can register by bit of confusion. Mr. Copp has been the calling Dory Ehrlich, 510-981-5506, or by e- subject of several unfavorable investigative mailing email@example.com. reports. Please take advantage of these classes now! Duck, cover and hold is still the The next classes won’t be held until January. recommended action to take to reduce chance (Class attendance is traditionally very low of injury or death during an earthquake. during the holidays.) While there may be some validity to the idea of “triangle of life” in fully collapsed structures, it is rare that buildings in the Disaster First Aid vs. CPR United States suffer the kind of catastrophic collapse that we see in other parts of the One question we often get is whether the world. CERT Disaster First Aid class includes CPR. The answer is no. Disaster First Aid is a Here is a response from Rich Eisner, modified form of first aid. The purpose of the Regional Administrator, Governor’s Office Disaster First Aid class is to prepare of Emergency Services, Coastal Region: participants to use first aid in a multi-casualty emergency situation. In a disaster, it is "There are two issues that need to be assumed that the number of victims will addressed in evaluating the relative benefits exceed the amount of professional help of "duck, cover and hold" and the "triangle of available. It teaches triage (to do the greatest life." First, is there data on either approach. good for the greatest numbers of individuals), Secondly, is the data that is available relevant and gives such basic information as how to to earthquake damage that would favor one stop bleeding, treat for shock, treat for burns, approach over the other. and put on splints. On the first point, there is very little data on For residents of California, both OES and the injuries and deaths in California earthquakes American Red Cross continue to recommend - primarily because very few people have the duck, cover and hold response. We will died since 1906 in California earthquakes - also continue to review post earthquake the quality of engineering and construction, damage, injury and building occupant and the light weight of typical residential and behavior data to assess the best approaches to commercial construction here have provided injury prevention." a remarkable record building performance. Detailed data on injuries was gathered after the El Centro, Coalinga, Whittier, Loma Do you have questions about emergency Prieta and Northridge earthquakes. It was preparedness? Would you like a basic found that most injuries resulted from people personal preparedness talk at your worksite? attempting to exit buildings or moving Is there an item you’d like featured in this toward doorways. Persons who reported that newsletter? Please call or write Dory Ehrlich, they protected themselves under sturdy 981-5506, 2100 Martin Luther King Jr. Way, furniture received minor injuries. Berkeley, CA 94704, or e-mail Photographic documentation of building firstname.lastname@example.org. damage and building content damage indicated that ceilings, light fixtures, furnishings (including cabinets, book cases and partitions) frequently collapsed or overturned on the floors, and were restrained by desks and other sturdy furnishings which would have protected building occupants who ducked under them. Our experience in these events convinced Berkeley Fire Department/Office of OES and the American Red Cross to cease Emergency Services recommending that building occupants 2100 Martin Luther King Jr. Way protect themselves in doorways, and to duck, Berkeley, CA 94704 cover and hold on to protecting furniture. Phone: 510-981-5506 Fax: 510-981-5579 On the second point above, there may not be a single piece of advice that would apply to TDD: 510-981-5799 all structures in all earthquakes in all part of www.ci.berkeley.ca.us/fire the U.S. Duck, cover and hold works for California's construction types and quality. It may not be appropriate in other parts of the U.S. or in other countries where the construction is of un- or under-reinforced concrete, unreinforced brick or adobe. When these latter types of structures are shaken, they frequently disintegrate and pancake, leaving few voids for victims to take refuge in. But even in masonry structures, being under a desk would provide more protection from falling debris than being next to a desk.