EMERGENCY PROCEDURES PA28R-201 by zhx20205

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									        EMERGENCY PROCEDURES PA28R-201
GENERAL

      This section provides the recommended procedures for coping
with various emergency or critical situations. All of the emergency
procedures required by the FAA, as well as those necessary for the
operation of the airplane are presented.

       This section contains the emergency procedures checklist.
They supply an immediate action sequence to be followed during
critical situations with little emphasis on operation of the systems.

      The amplified emergency procedures corresponding to the
emergency procedures checklist items are found in the Aircraft Flight
Manual (AFM). These amplified procedures contain additional
information to provide the pilot with a more complete description of
the procedures so they may be more easily understood.

      Pilots must familiarize themselves with the procedures in this
section and must be prepared to take the appropriate action should
an emergency situation arise. The procedures are offered as a
course of action for coping with the particular situation or condition
described. They are not a substitute for sound judgment and
common sense.

       Most basic emergency procedures are a normal part of pilot
training. The information presented in this section is not intended to
replace that training. The pilot should review standard emergency
procedures periodically to remain proficient in them.

      All emergency procedures outlined in boxes need to be
committed to memory and can be referred to if time permits.
Procedures that are not outlined in boxes should be performed by
reference to the appropriate emergency checklist.




                       Arrow Emergency Checklist                         1
                            Revision: Original
                           Date: October 2004
    EMERGENCY PROCEDURES CHECKLIST PA28R-201

    ENGINE POWER LOSS DURING FLIGHT
    Establish Best Glide Attitude .............................. 79 KIAS
    Landing Area ...................................................... SELECT
    Fuel Selector ... SWITCH TO TANK CONTAINING FUEL
    Mixture .....................................................................RICH
    Electric Fuel Pump ...................................................... ON
    Alternate Air ........................................................... OPEN
    Engine Gauges ............... CHECK FOR INDICATION OF
     ..............................................CAUSE OF POWER LOSS
    If power has not been restored:
    Ignition Switch .......... L THEN R, THEN BACK TO BOTH
    Throttle and Mixture .......... TRY DIFFERENT SETTINGS

    When power is restored:
    Alternate Air .......................................................CLOSED
    Electric Fuel Pump .................................................... OFF
    If power is not restored prepare for a power off landing.

    POWER OFF LANDING
    Trim for best glide angle and airspeed (79 KIAS).
    Establish a spiral pattern, or as necessary to be at1000 feet above
    field at downwind position for normal landing approach.
    When field can easily be reached, slow to 72 KIAS for shortest
    landing.

    Touchdown should normally be made at the slowest possible
    airspeed with full flaps extended.

    If time permits, make an emergency call on an ATC frequency or
    121.5 and set transponder code to 7700.

    When committed to landing:
    Gear Selector .......................................... AS REQUIRED
    Ignition Switch ........................................................... OFF
    Battery/Master Switch ............................................... OFF
    Alternator Switch ....................................................... OFF
    Electric Fuel Pump ................................................... OFF
    Mixture .....................................................IDLE CUT-OFF
    Fuel Selector ............................................................. OFF
    Seat Belts/Harnesses ............................................TIGHT
    Cabin Door ................................ UNLATCH/LOCK OPEN




2                                   Arrow Emergency Checklist
                                         Revision: Original
                                        Date: October 2004
ENGINE POWER LOSS DURING TAKEOFF
If sufficient runway remains for a normal landing, leave gear
down and land straight ahead.

If area ahead is rough, or if it is necessary to clear obstructions:
Gear Selector .............................................................. UP

If insufficient runway remains:
Maintain a safe airspeed.
Make only shallow turns to avoid obstacles and land.
Set flaps as the situation requires.

If sufficient altitude has been gained to attempt a restart:
Maintain a safe airspeed
Fuel Selector ... SWITCH TO TANK CONTAINING FUEL
Mixture .....................................................................RICH
Electric Fuel Pump ...................................................... ON
Alternate Air ........................................................... OPEN
Gear Selector .......................................... AS REQUIRED
If power is not restored, proceed with power off landing.

ENGINE FIRE DURING START
Starter ................................................... CRANK ENGINE
Mixture .....................................................IDLE CUT-OFF
Throttle ................................................................... OPEN
Electric Fuel Pump .................................................... OFF
Fuel Selector ............................................................. OFF
Abandon aircraft if fire continues.

ENGINE FIRE IN FLIGHT
Fuel Selector ............................................................. OFF
Throttle ...............................................................CLOSED
Mixture .....................................................IDLE CUT-OFF
Electric Fuel Pump ...................................... VERIFY OFF
Heat and Defroster .................................................... OFF
Proceed with power off landing.
NOTE: The possibility of an engine fire in flight is extremely remote.
The procedure given is general and pilot judgment should be the
determining factor for action in such an emergency.




                                Arrow Emergency Checklist                           3
                                     Revision: Original
                                    Date: October 2004
    ELECTRICAL FIRE IN FLIGHT-Smoke in cabin.
    Battery/Master Switch ............................................... OFF
    Alternator Switch ....................................................... OFF
    Vents ...................................................................... OPEN
    Cabin Heat and Defroster ......................................... OFF
    Land as soon as practical.

    LOSS OF OIL PRESSURE
    Monitor engine temperature gauges.
    Land at nearest airport and investigate the problem.
    Prepare for power off landing.

    LOSS OF FUEL PRESSURE
    Electric Fuel Pump ...................................................... ON
    Fuel Selector ... SWITCH TO TANK CONTAINING FUEL
    Land as soon as practical.

    HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE
    Mixture .....................................................................RICH
    Throttle .............................................................. REDUCE
    Pitch Attitude ............ LOWER TO INCREASE AIRFLOW
    Land at nearest airport and investigate the problem.
    Prepare for power off landing.

    ELECTRICAL FAILURES IN FLIGHT
    ALT annunciator light illuminated.
    Ammeter....... CHECK TO VERIFY INOP ALTERNATOR
    Reduce electrical loads to minimum:
    Alternator Field Circuit Breaker ...... CHECK AND RESET
    Alternator Switch ....... OFF (FOR 1 SECOND) THEN ON
    If no output:
    Alternator Switch ....................................................... OFF
    If alternator output cannot be restored, reduce electrical loads
    and land as soon as practical.
    NOTE: If the battery is fully discharged, the landing gear will have to
    be lowered using the emergency gear extension procedure. The
    landing gear position lights will not illuminate




4                                   Arrow Emergency Checklist
                                         Revision: Original
                                        Date: October 2004
ELECTRICAL OVERLOAD
Alternator over 20 amps above known electrical load.
Alternator Switch ......................................................... ON
Battery/Master Switch ............................................... OFF
If alternator loads are reduced:
Electrical Load ........................... REDUCE TO MINIMUM
Land as soon as practical.
NOTE: Due to increased system voltage and radio frequency noise,
operation with ALT switch on and BATT switch off should be made
only when required by an electrical system failure.
If alternator loads are not reduced:
Alternator Switch ....................................................... OFF
Battery/Master Switch ............................. AS REQUIRED
Land as soon as practical and anticipate complete electrical
failure.

PROPELLOR OVERSPEED
Throttle ...............................................................RETARD
Oil Pressure ......................................................... CHECK
Propeller Control .......................FULL DECREASE RPM,
....................THEN SET IF ANY CONTROL AVAILABLE
Airspeed ............................................................ REDUCE
Throttle ............................... AS REQUIRED TO REMAIN
.......................................................... BELOW 2700 RPM

EMERGENCY LANDING GEAR EXTENSION
Battery/Master Switch ................................................. ON
Circuit Breakers ................................................... CHECK
Nav Lights (Day) ....................................................... OFF
Landing Gear Lights............................................. CHECK
If landing gear not down and locked:
Airspeed ................................................ 87 KIAS or LESS
Gear Circuit Breaker (Training only) ............... PULL OFF
Gear Selector ........................................................ DOWN
Emergency Lever ....................................... HOLD DOWN
If landing gear still not down and locked:
Emergency Lever ....................................... HOLD DOWN
Rudder ......................................................ABRUPT YAW
If gear not down and locked, prepare for gear up landing.

If nose gear not down and locked:
Airspeed ................................. SLOWEST, SAFE SPEED
Gear Selector ........................................................ DOWN
Gear Selector ................................ RECYCLE UP/DOWN
If gear not down and locked, prepare for gear up landing.


                              Arrow Emergency Checklist                          5
                                   Revision: Original
                                  Date: October 2004
    SPIN RECOVERY
    RudderFULL OPPOSITE TO DIRECTION OF ROTATION
    Control Yoke ........................................ FULL FORWARD
    Ailerons ............................................................NEUTRAL
    Throttle ..................................................................... IDLE
    Rudder ............. NEUTRAL (WHEN ROTATION STOPS)
    Flaps ................................................ UP (IF EXTENDED)
    Control Yoke ................ AS REQUIRED TO SMOOTHLY
    ............................... REGAIN LEVEL FLIGHT ATTITUDE

    OPEN DOOR
    If both upper and lower latches are open, the door will trail
    slightly open and airspeeds will be slightly reduced.

    To close the door in flight:
    Slow airplane to 87 KIAS.
    Cabin Vents .......................................................CLOSED
    Storm Window ........................................................ OPEN
    If upper latch is open.............................................LATCH
    If side latch is openPULL ON ARMREST WHILE MOVING
     ....................LATCH HANDLE TO LATCHED POSITION
    If both latches are open ................. LATCH SIDE LATCH
     .......................................................... THEN TOP LATCH

    ENGINE ROUGHNESS
    Mixture ................... ADJUST FOR MAX SMOOTHNESS
    Alternate Air ........................................................... OPEN
    Electric Fuel Pump ...................................................... ON
    Fuel Selector ......................................... SWITCH TANKS
    Engine Gauges .................................................... CHECK
    Magneto Switch ........................ L THEN R, THEN BOTH
    NOTE: If operation is satisfactory on either magneto, continue on
    that magneto at reduced power and mixture full RICH to nearest
    airport. Prepare for power off landing.




6                                   Arrow Emergency Checklist
                                         Revision: Original
                                        Date: October 2004

								
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