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					                                                                                                                     EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                                 Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




                                                     This is the working group   These are the recommendations from in the final declaration based on the outcomes of the three working
                                                     of the second forum that    groups.
                                                     should take over the
                                                     recommendation ton
                                                     ensure follow-up

 #              WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                  SECOND FORUM                                RECOMMENDATION                                                                                      Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                         WORKING
                                                          GROUP
 1   General                                         Follow-up meeting The EU and Africa should cooperate multilaterally on peace and                                                     The WTO DDA Negotiations were informally restarted in November 2006, since February 2007
                                                                       development including:                                                                                             full-scale negotiations are back in place.
                                                                       - United Nations development, food and health activities
                                                                       - Restarting the WTO Doha Development Agenda Negotiations
 2   General                                         Follow-up meeting The EU and the African Union should hold regular high level political                                              Germany organized as Council Presidency of the EU an informal ACP-EU Dialogue on the Economic
                                                                       dialogue to address trade and development challenges                                                               Partnership Agreements (EPA) at ministerial level to discuss trade and development issues of the
                                                                                                                                                                                          ongoing negotiations (Petersberg, March 2007)
                                                                                                                                                                                          Ref. 303:
                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Following the adoption of an EU Strategy for Africa in December 2005, the European Council on 11
                                                                                                                                                                                          December 2006 endorsed as priority action for 2007 work towards a Joint EU Africa Strategy to be
                                                                                                                                                                                          adopted by the EU-Africa Summit planned in Lisbon in December this year. EU-Africa Ministerial
                                                                                                                                                                                          troika meetings of December 2005 in Bamako, May and October 2006 in Vienna and Brazzaville
                                                                                                                                                                                          have agreed and confirmed for the two sides the decision to draw up a Joint EU-Africa Strategy (Joint
                                                                                                                                                                                          Strategy) which will be the foundation for a long term strategic partnership between the EU and
                                                                                                                                                                                          Africa.
                                                                                                                                                                                          2. The Joint Strategy will cover a range of interrelated issues including, but not limited to, peace and
                                                                                                                                                                                          security, governance and human rights, regional integration and trade, as well as other important
                                                                                                                                                                                          development related issues.
                                                                                                                                                                                          3. An outline of the Joint Strategy has been endorsed at the EU-Africa ministerial troika meeting on
                                                                                                                                                                                          5 May 2007. On that basis the Joint Strategy will be developed through negotiations between the EU
                                                                                                                                                                                          troika and the African troika meeting at expert level in the run up to the EU-Africa Summit.
                                                                                                                                                                                           At the EU-Africa Summit, the EU envisages to formally establishing a comprehensive
                                                                                                                                                                                          Africa-EU Energy Partnership as adopted at the May GAERC. As part of this parntership, the
                                                                                                                                                                                          Council calls for, inter alia, a high-level energy meeting between Africa and Europe every
                                                                                                                                                                                          two years.
 3   General                                         Follow-up meeting The Business Forum should become an annual event to foster mutually
                                                                       beneficial trade and investment between the two regions

 4   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Follow-up meeting The Commission and the four EPA regions conduct an inventory of the         -
     Business Consultation                                             business dialogues on EPA negotiations which exist at the national, sub
                                                                       regional and regional levels in African in order to improve the information
                                                                       flow to the private sector.


 5   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues                The EU and Africa should focus on accelerating intra-African trade                                       The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs (May 2007) initiated by the German EU
     Market Access                                                               liberalisation as a first step to increasing competiveness.                                              Presidency which reiterates that EPAs should primarily build upon, foster and support ACP
                                                                                                                                                                                          regional integration process.


 6   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues                As a second step, African countries should progressively liberalise to EU                                The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     Market Access                                                               trade to lower input costs and strengthen manufacturing competiveness                                    akcknowledges that ACP liberalisation processes need to be progressive and be managed
                                                                                                                                                                                          carefully in a socially and financially responsible way in order to maximise the development
                                                                                                                                                                                          potential of the EPAs.

 7   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues                The EU and Africa must closely examine the issue of non-tariff barriers -                                The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     Market Access                                                               including standards, rules of origin - to ensure that African companies                                  recognizes the need for improved Rules of Origin in EPAs, making them simpler, more
                                                                                 can export to the EU market                                                                              transparent and easier, in order to ensure that ACP States can fully benefit from preferential
                                                                                                                                                                                          market access.




                                                                                                                                                 Recommendations                                                                                                                                     4/28/2010
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                                                                                                   EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                               Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #              WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                  SECOND FORUM                           RECOMMENDATION                                                      Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                         WORKING
                                                          GROUP
 8   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues African sub-regions/countries require laboratories to conduct standard             Germany continues it's support through technical cooperation by building up and strengthening
     Market Access                                                testing and certification                                                          the quality infrastructure (metrology, standardisation, testing, certification and acreditation) of
                                                                                                                                                     the region


 9   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   The role of non-state actors in standards/certification must be                  Germany has been supporting multi-stakeholer-initiatives like the Common Code for the Coffee
     Market Access                                                  considered.                                                                      Community and round table dialogues
10   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   A commitment to EPA rules for national treatment, non discrimination and The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     Investment Promotion                                           incentives/disincentives for investment and bilateral dispute settlement considers that EPAs should include investments as foreseen in the Cotonou Agreement and
                                                                                                                                             supports a flexible and phased approach in trade-related areas including investments.


11   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   Closer coordination of trade negotiations and development assistance in          The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     Investment Promotion                                           relation to the EPAs - with a particular focus on the capacity building          encourages the integration of trade-related concerns into ACP national development
                                                                    needs of the SME sector                                                          strategies; confirms that development assistance will be demand-driven and support pro-poor
                                                                                                                                                     development strategies which incorporate building productive capacities, trade-related
                                                                                                                                                     infrastructure, and trade related adjustment; and supports the integration of social chapters in
                                                                                                                                                     EPAs, esp. labour standards, decent work. As we are focusing on coherence between trade
                                                                                                                                                     and development, Germany encouraged stronger Member States participation in the Regional
                                                                                                                                                     Preparatory Taskforces (RPTF). These institutions play a significan role in linking the EPA
                                                                                                                                                     negotiations with development support measures for the needs identified by our ACP partners.


12   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   Assurances should be given to the private sector that the private sector
     Trade Facilitation                                             will not face unreasonable increased tax burdens as results of customs
                                                                    reform
13   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   The EU and African sub-regions should clearly address the issue of               The EU Council adopted Conclusions on Aid for Trade and on EPAs, both initiated by the
     Trade Facilitation                                             revenue sharing and avoidance of potentially lost revenue                        German Presidency, which reaffirms the EU’s commitment to strive to increase its trade-
                                                                                                                                                     related assistance (TRA) as defined by the WTO/OECD database to €2 billion per year by
                                                                                                                                                     2010. A substantial share of the Community's and Member States’ commitment on TRA is
                                                                                                                                                     devoted to ACP countries. In this regard the Council Conclusions forsee that this commitment
                                                                                                                                                     could also absorb the net fiscal impact resulting from tariff liberalisation in full complementarity
                                                                                                                                                     with fiscal reforms. (see also 11)

14   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   More transparency and cooperation between customs authorities and                Germany continues it's support through technical cooperation by strengthening custums
     Trade Facilitation                                             business is needed to improve governance                                         authorities in the regions.



15   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   Improve services related to "export infrastructure" such as transportation Germany continues it's support through financial and technical cooperation by strengthening
     Trade in Services                                              costs, export financing etc.                                               transport infrastructure in the region.

16   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues   The EU and Africa should adapt development funding to the regional logic The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German presidency which
     Development Cooperation Policies                               of the Economic Partnership Agreements and to ensure coordination        supports regional and national partners' capacity to own and lead Aid for Trade programmes,
                                                                    between trade negotiations and development assistance                    by coordinating programming, by pursuing more streamlined delivery modes and by enhancing
                                                                                                                                             cooperation with other donors. It considers EPAs regiosn as a priority in terms of support to
                                                                                                                                             regionally owned initiatives, such as the regional funds that are being considered. As we are
                                                                                                                                             focusing on coherence between trade and development, Germany encouraged stronger
                                                                                                                                             Member States participation in the Regional Preparatory Taskforces (RPTF). These institutions
                                                                                                                                             play a significan role in linking the EPA negotiations with development support measures for
                                                                                                                                             the needs identified by our ACP partners.




                                                                                                                     Recommendations                                                                                                                        4/28/2010
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                                                                                                       EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                   Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #              WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                  SECOND FORUM                           RECOMMENDATION                                                         Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                         WORKING
                                                          GROUP
17   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues The EU and Africa should promote good governance by strengthening                     The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German presidency which
     Development Cooperation Policies                             legal regimes and promoting best practices                                            stated that ACP commitments in trade in services, investments and other trade-related areas
                                                                                                                                                        contribute to regional integration and creates more predictable legal frameworks.



18   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues       The EU and Africa should invest in infrastructure networks through              During the German EU Presidency, the Council at the May GAERC called for the
     Development Cooperation Policies                                   development assistance and PPP                                                  establishment of an Energy Partnership with Africa including the enhancement of support for
                                                                                                                                                        the energy sector in Africa through bilateral cooperation by Member States, national and
                                                                                                                                                        regional programmes of the European Development Fund (EDF) and the EUAPI, and by
                                                                                                                                                        replenishing the ACP-EU Energy Facility.

19   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues       The EU and Africa should promote training and human resource
     Development Cooperation Policies                                   development in combination with concrete measures for job creation.
                                                                        This should include investment in training on professional, financial,
                                                                        health and environmental issues and the development of sound basic
                                                                        education and health policies.

20   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues       The EU and Africa should promote pro-competitive policies and                   See 10
     Development Cooperation Policies                                   regulations to foster an investment enabling environment.

21   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues       The EU and African should develop programmes to improve                         Germany supports the improvement of the business and investment climate and economic
     Development Cooperation Policies                                   competiveness, restructure and upgrade the capacities of African                governance in many African countries as well as on regional and Sub-Sahara level (portfolio
                                                                        Businesses - in particular SME's - and representative business                  2005 = 280 Mio. Euro), focus on Capacity Development for Economic Reform, Business
                                                                        organisations                                                                   Development Services, Co-financing of PRS
22   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)/ Trade Issues       The EU and Africa should give more focus to the appropriate financing of        This is part of the EU's Aid for Trade Agenda if technical assistance to SMEs is appropriately
     Development Cooperation Policies                                   instruments and technical assistance to promote and to support SMEs.            prioritized by African partner countries.

23   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Follow-up meeting The EU and Africa should work together to reduce bureaucratic red tape,         Germany has decided to contribute to the Investment Climate Facility for Africa (ICF),
                                                                        adopt better regulation and create fairer, more effective and better            negociations are under way (see also 26)
                                                                        functioning judicial systems in Africa
24   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Follow-up meeting The EU and Africa should work together to ensure direct consultation of         May be addressed in the deliberations on the Governance Incentive Tranche of the 10. EDF
                                                                        the private sector on country governance profiles in the EU Governance          on June 12, 20 and July 4th and in mid-term review of the instrument.
                                                                        initiative
25   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Entrepreneurship The EU and Africa should work together to create an African business             The EU and Africa should work together to support the work of existing African business
                                                                        network to promote, disseminate and exchange best practices of                  networks to promote, disseminate and exchange best practices of governance and CSR, with
                                                                        governance and CSR and to promote a better understanding of corporate           the aim to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of such initiatives. Support should be
                                                                        responsibility initiatives in Africa among the wider public.                    provided towards a better understanding of the roles and responsibilities of business in
                                                                                                                                                        society, and how businesses should engage in multi-stakeholder collective actions towards the
                                                                                                                                                        implementation of the MDGs. Particular attention should be given to issues related to the
                                                                                                                                                        private sector and climate change, anti-corruption, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and Malaria; three
                                                                                                                                                        major threats for both the social and economical development of the African continent.




                                                                                                                        Recommendations                                                                                                                  4/28/2010
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                                                                                                         EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                     Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #               WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                  SECOND FORUM                                RECOMMENDATION                                            Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                          WORKING
                                                           GROUP
26   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Follow-up meeting The EU and African should work together to examine ways to improve the G8 presidency: c.f. 'G8 Action Plan for Good Financial Governance in Africa', Postdam, May
                                                                        fight against government corruption and promote and support business- 19, 2007' and the Communiqué 'Fight Against Corruption' paras 88-91 GROWTH AND
                                                                        led partnerships with governments to reduce corruption                 RESPONSIBILITY IN THE WORLD ECONOMY, Summit Declaration of June 7, 2007. Through
                                                                                                                                               its active involvement in the United Nations (UN), the World Bank, the G8 and the OECD, the
                                                                                                                                               German government supports the establishment and observance of international anti-
                                                                                                                                               corruption standards. It is particularly committed to promoting transparency in the extractive
                                                                                                                                               industries and other corruption-prone sectors. Germany is helping development-oriented
                                                                                                                                               partner governments to build the necessary capacities to rid government institutions of
                                                                                                                                               corruption and make public administration transparent, effective and responsive to the public's
                                                                                                                                               needs. Some 50 public sector reform projects projects are currently being funded across the
                                                                                                                                               world and some specifcally desigend for the fight against corruption with African partners as
                                                                                                                                               part of technical cooperation. These projects are aimed at promoting standards of integrity,
                                                                                                                                               efficient human resource management and procurement and systems of public finance,
                                                                                                                                               particularly by establishing courts of audit and tax and customs administrations.
                                                                                                                                               A vigilant civil society is a vital element in fighting corruption – in the developing countries,
                                                                                                                                               at international level and also in Germany and Europe. Through our development cooperation,
                                                                                                                                               we are supporting such initiatives. Since 1997, all official records of government negotiations
                                                                                                                                               with our partner countries have contained an anti-corruption agreement. In our political
                                                                                                                                               dialogue, we also draw on the various international and regional anti-corruption conventions
                                                                                                                                               and transparency initiatives.
27   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Entrepreneurship    The EU and Africa should work together to call on African governments to G8 presidency: c.f. respective chapter of communiqué on investment
                                                                          develop and implement guidelines on state owned enterprises based on
                                                                          good practices - OECD guidelines.

28   Interconnectivity/ Global Competition            Interconnectivity   European Commission form an Africa task force to address the strategic,
                                                                          policy, trade and infrastructure challenges related to creating a level
                                                                          playing field with competitors from other regions. Key areas to focus on
                                                                          include: export financing, export and credit insurance and public
                                                                          procurement.

29   Interconnectivity/ Regulatory                    Interconnectivity   The European Commission should support the liberalisation and                   Germany as well as the EU Com supported the World Bank Trust Fund infoDev with 200.000
                                                                          regionalisation of infrastructure and e-communication legislation               EUR per year. infoDev recently published the "Regulator Toolkit", whish gives assistance to
                                                                          including spectrum planning and management. Best practice regulatory            Regulators in critical matters. Additionally, Germany is member of the ITU, which continues to
                                                                          projects like UEMOA/ECOWAS/WATRA/ITU should also be extended to                 support Regulation Policies in the field of ICT. An important regional infrastructure project, the
                                                                          other regions                                                                   East African Submarine Cable, is under way supported by Germany through the KfW
                                                                                                                                                          (Förderkredtit 20 million USD) and with an environmental study. Multilateral via PPIAF
                                                                                                                                                          Germany was as well part of regulation and infrastructure assignments.

30   Interconnectivity/ Regulatory                    Interconnectivity   Information on African legislation and call for tenders should be more
                                                                          widely transparent and available for European companies.

31   Interconnectivity/ SMEs - Microfinance           Interconnectivity   European Commission should work with private banks and the EIB to               Germany in the course of this year's G8 Presidency supports the "Partnership for Making
                                                                          promote microfinance systems and small business credit and guarantee            Finance Work for Africa" aimed to improve the enabling environment for financial sector
                                                                          systems for local African countries                                             development. Germany also prepares to launch a Regional MSME Fund for Africa in order to
                                                                                                                                                          provide better financing opportunities to African SMEs as well as innovative solutions for long-
                                                                                                                                                          term financing in local currencies.

32   Interconnectivity/ SMEs - Microfinance           Interconnectivity   The European Commission should facilitate telecoms clearing houses on
                                                                          the continent and work with industry to extend prepaid business models
                                                                          to other technology and infrastructure businesses.




                                                                                                                          Recommendations                                                                                                                      4/28/2010
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                                                                                                              EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                          Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #               WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                        SECOND FORUM                               RECOMMENDATION                                                    Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                               WORKING
                                                                 GROUP
33   Interconnectivity/ SMEs - Microfinance                Interconnectivity The European Commission should promote a business model for
                                                                             infrastructure maintenance as a means to encourage SME development.

34   Interconnectivity/ Improving IPR                      Interconnectivity   Build capacity to improve the protection of IPR                                 no priority for development cooperation
35   Interconnectivity/ Improving IPR                      Interconnectivity   Ensure fair access to intellectual property, for example support voluntary      no priority for development cooperation
                                                                               licensing of anti-retroviral medicines for HIV-AIDS.

36   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-Prioiritisation Interconnectivity   To ensure a holistic and regional approach, the Commission could map
     of infrastructures                                                        political regional integration to the infrastructure development maps with
                                                                               the AUC/NEPAD Infrastructure Action Plan to encourage regional
                                                                               economic communities to take ownership

37   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-Prioiritisation Interconnectivity   The Commission should consult the EU-Africa Business Forum on the
     of infrastructures                                                        consortium list of lead projects (NEPAD/ADB/AU) prior to engaging in
                                                                               feasibility studies which are needed to determine cost, delivery, scale,
                                                                               delivery time and the economic impact of the projects. The forum will
                                                                               prioritize and give input on the cost to business for weak infrastructure
                                                                               and supports transparency of project coordination with other donors. To
                                                                               pre-qualify for Commission funding, companies should respect
                                                                               environment, social, financial standards within the EU acquis
                                                                               communautaire.


38   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-Prioiritisation Interconnectivity   Efforts are needed to ensure that risk is covered by local donors for the       Germany is committed to providing innovative solutions for the hedging of local currency risks
     of infrastructures                                                        hedging of local currencies                                                     and has currently taken part in the preparation of a new investment fund instrument (the
                                                                                                                                                               "TCX"). In a common effort of different donors and Development Finance institutions and led
                                                                                                                                                               by FMO this instrument will cover risks especially for investments in infrastructure and
                                                                                                                                                               microfinance institutions.

39   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-Prioiritisation Interconnectivity   Complementary ICT infrastructure is needed to ensure affordable and
     of infrastructures                                                        reliable mobile and satellite access in the short-term and terrestrial
                                                                               services in the long-term.
40   Interconnectivity/ Capacity Building & Individual     Interconnectivity   The Commission should provide more capacity building for civil servants
     Organisation                                                              working in the fields of policies and procurement; specifically
                                                                               standardisation, procurement competition, IPR, telecom, spectrum and
                                                                               infrastructure.
41   Interconnectivity/ Capacity Building & Individual     Interconnectivity   The Commission should build capacity to improve the protection of IPR
     Organisation
42   Interconnectivity/ Capacity Building & Individual     Interconnectivity   The Commission should support capacity building for SMEs, specifically
     Organisation                                                              SME knowledge and skills transfer to local SMEs.




                                                                                                                               Recommendations                                                                                                                  4/28/2010
EU-Africa Business Forum                                                                                            9d93a255-be74-4812-9f4b-c18232e52fad.xls                                                                                                           5/5

				
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