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					                1 wordlist                       acclimate :: adjust to climate or             adulterate :: make impure by adding
                                                 environment; adapt                            inferior or tainted substances
abase :: lower; degrade; humiliate
                                                 acclivity :: sharp up slope of a hill         advent :: arrival
abash :: embarrass
                                                 accolade :: award of merit                    adventitious :: accidental; casual
abate :: subside or moderate
                                                 accommodate :: oblige or help someone;        adversary :: opponent; enemy
abbreviate :: shorten                            adjust or bring into harmony; adapt
                                                                                               adverse :: unfavorable; hostile
abdicate :: renounce, give up                    accomplice :: partner in crime
                                                                                               adversity :: poverty; misfortune
aberrant :: abnormal or deviant                  accord :: agreement
                                                                                               advert :: refer (to)
aberration :: deviation from the expected        accost :: approach and speak first to a
or the normal; mental irregularity or            person                                        advocacy :: support; active pleading on
disorder                                                                                       behalf of someone or something
                                                 accoutre :: equip
abet :: assist, usually in doing something                                                     advocate :: urge; plead for
wrong; encourage                                 accretion :: growth; increase
                                                                                               aegis :: shield; defense
abeyance :: suspended action                     accrue :: come about by addition
                                                                                               aerie :: nest of a large bird of prey (eagle,
abhor :: detest; hate                            acerbity :: bitterness of speech and          hawk)
                                                 temper
abject :: wretched; lacking pride                                                              aesthetic :: artistic; dealing with or
                                                 acetic :: vinegary                            capable of appreciating the beautiful
abjure :: renounce upon oath
                                                 acidulous :: slightly sour; sharp; caustic    affable :: easily approachable; warmly
ablution :: washing                                                                            friendly
                                                 acknowledge :: recognize; admit
abnegation :: renunciation; self-sacrifice                                                     affected :: artificial; pretended; assumed
                                                 acme :: peak; pinnacle; highest point         in order to impress
abolish :: cancel; put an end to
                                                 acoustics :: science of sound; quality that   affidavit :: written statement made under
abominable :: detestable; extremely              makes a room easy or hard to hear in          oath
unpleasant; very bad
                                                 acquiesce :: assent; agree passively          affiliation :: joining; associating with
abominate :: loathe; hate
                                                 acquittal :: deliverance from a charge        affinity :: kinship
aboriginal :: being the first of its kind in a
region; primitive; native                        acrid :: sharp; bitterly pungent              affirmation :: positive assertion;
                                                                                               confirmation solemn pledge by one who
abortive :: unsuccessful; fruitless              acrimonious :: bitter in words or manner      refuses to take an oath
abrasive :: rubbing away; tending to grind       acrophobia :: fear of heights                 affix :: attach or add on: fasten
down
                                                 actuarial :: calculating; pertaining to       affliction :: state of distress; cause of
abridge :: condense or shorten                   insurance statistics                          suffering
abrogate :: abolish                              actuate :: motivate                           affluence :: abundance; wealth
abscission :: cutting off; separation            acuity :: sharpness                           affront :: insult; offense; intentional act of
                                                                                               disrespect
abscond :: depart secretly and hide              acumen :: mental keenness
                                                                                               agape :: openmouthed
absolute :: complete; totally unlimited;         acute :: quickly perceptive; keen; brief
certain                                          and severe                                    agenda :: items of business at a meeting
absolve :: pardon (an offense)                   adage :: wise saying; proverb                 agglomeration :: collection; heap
abstain :: refrain; withhold from                adamant :: hard; inflexible                   aggrandize :: increase or intensify; raise in
participation                                                                                  power, wealth, rank or honor
                                                 adapt :: alter; modify
abstemious :: sparing in eating and                                                            aggregate :: gather; accumulate
drinking; temperate                              addendum :: addition; appendix to book
                                                                                               aggressor :: attacker
abstinence :: restraint from eating or           addiction :: compulsive, habitual need
drinking                                                                                       aghast :: horrified; dumbfounded
                                                 addle :: muddle; drive crazy; *become
abstract :: theoretical; not concrete;           rotten : said of an egg*                      agility :: nimbleness, dexterity
nonrepresentational
                                                 address :: direct a speech to; deal with or   agitate :: stir up; disturb
abstruse :: obscure; profound; difficult to      discuss
understand                                                                                     agnostic :: one who is skeptical of the
                                                 adept :: expert at                            existence of a god or any ultimate reality
abusive :: coarsely insulting; physically
                                                 adhere :: stick fast                          agog :: highly excited; intensely curious
harmful
                                                 adherent :: supporter; follower               agrarian :: pertaining to land and
abut :: border upon; adjoin
                                                                                               cultivation
                                                 adjacent :: adjoining; neighboring; close
abysmal :: bottomless
                                                 by                                            alacrity :: cheerful promptness; eagerness
abyss :: enormous chasm; vast,
                                                 adjunct :: something (generally               alchemy :: medieval chemistry
bottomless pit
                                                 nonessential or inferior) added or attached
academic :: related to a school; *not                                                          alcove :: nock (corner); recess
                                                 adjuration :: solemn urging
practical or directly useful*
                                                                                               alias :: an assumed name
                                                 adjutant :: staff officer assisting the
accede :: agree
                                                 commander; assistant                          alienate :: make hostile; separate
accelerate :: move faster
                                                 admonish :: warn; reprove                     alimentary :: supplying nourishment
accessible :: easy to approach; obtainable
                                                 adorn :: decorate                             alimony :: payments made to an ex-
accessory :: additional object; useful by                                                      spouse after divorce
                                                 adroit :: skillful
not essential thing
                                                                                               allay :: calm; pacify
acclaim :: applaud; announce with great                               2 wordlist
approval                                                                                       allege :: state without proof
                                                 adulation :: flattery; admiration
                                                                                               allegiance :: loyalty
allegory :: story in which characters are         amputate :: cut off part of body; prune        anticlimax :: letdown in thought or
used as symbols; fable                                                                           emotion
                                                  amulet :: charm; talisman
alleviate :: relieve; lessen                                                                     antidote :: remedy to counteract a poison
                                                  anachronism :: something or someone            or disease
alliteration :: repetition of beginning sound     misplaced in time
in poetry                                                                                        antipathy :: aversion; dislike
                                                  analgesic :: causing insensitivity to pain
allocate :: assign                                                                               antiquated :: obsolete; outdated
                                                  analogous :: comparable
alloy :: (n)a mixture of metals (v) mix;                                                         antiseptic :: substance that prevents
make less pure; lessen or moderate                analogy :: similarity; parallelism             infection

allude :: refer indirectly                        anarchist :: person who seeks to overturn      antithesis :: contrast; direct opposite of or
                                                  the established government; advocate of        to
allure :: entice; attract                         abolishing authority
                                                                                                 anvil :: iron block used in hammering out
allusion :: indirect reference                    anathema :: solemn curse; someone or           metals
                                                  something regarded as a curse
alluvial :: pertaining to soil deposits left by                                                  apathy :: lack of caring; indifference
running water                                     ancestry :: family descent
                                                                                                 ape :: imitate or mimic
aloft :: upward                                   anchor :: secure or fasten firmly; be fixed
                                                  in place                                       aperture :: opening; hole
aloof :: apart; reserved
                                                  ancillary :: serving as an aid or accessory;   apex :: tip; summit; climax
altercation :: noisy quarrel; heated dispute      auxiliary
                                                                                                 aphasia :: loss of speech due to injury or
altruistic :: unselfishly generous;               anecdote :: short account of an amusing        illness
concerned for others                              or interesting event
                                                                                                 aphorism :: pithy maxim or saying
amalgamate :: combine; unite in one body          anemia :: condition in which blood lacks
                                                  red corpuscles                                 apiary :: a place where bees are kept
amass :: collect
                                                  anesthetic :: substance that removes           aplomb :: self-possession; assurance;
amazon :: female warrior                          sensation with or without loss of              poise
                                                  consciousness
ambidextrous :: capable of using either                                                          apocalyptic :: prophetic; pertaining to
hand with equal ease                              anguish :: acute pain; extreme suffering       revelations
ambience :: environment; atmosphere               angular :: sharp-cornered; stiff in manner     apocryphal :: untrue; made up

ambiguous :: unclear or doubtful in               animadversion :: critical remark               apogee :: highest point
meaning
                                                  animated :: lively; spirited                   apolitical :: having an aversion or lack of
ambivalence :: the state of having                                                               concern for political affairs
contradictory or conflicting emotional            animosity :: active enmity
attitudes                                                                                        apologist :: one who writes in defense of a
                                                  animus :: hostile feeling or intent            cause or institution
amble :: moving at an easy pace
                                                  annals :: records; history                     apostate :: one who abandons his religious
ambrosia :: food of the gods                                                                     faith or political beliefs
                                                  anneal :: reduce brittleness and improve
ambulatory :: able to walk; not bedridden         toughness by heating and cooling               apothecary :: druggist

ameliorate :: improve                             annex :: attach; *take possession of*                          4 wordlist
amenable :: readily managed or willing to         annihilate :: destroy                          apothegm :: pithy, compact saying
be led; answerable or accountable legally
                                                  annotate :: comment; make explanatory          apotheosis :: elevation to godhood; an
amend :: correct; change, generally for           notes                                          ideal example of something
the better
                                                  annuity :: yearly allowance                    appall :: dismay; shock
                  3 wordlist
                                                  annul :: make void; cancel                     apparition :: ghost; phantom
amenities :: convenient features;
courtesies                                        anodyne :: drug that relieves pain; opiate     appease :: pacify or soothe; relieve

amiable :: agreeable; lovable; warmly             anoint :: apply ointment or oil esp as         appellation :: name; title
friendly                                          religious ceremony; consecrate
                                                                                                 append :: attach
amicable :: politely friendly; not                anomalous :: abnormal; irregular
quarrelsome                                                                                      application :: diligent attention
                                                  anomaly :: irregularity
amiss :: wrong; faulty                                                                           apposite :: appropriate; fitting
                                                  anonymity :: state of being nameless;
amity :: friendship                               anonymousness                                  appraise :: estimate value of

amnesia :: loss of memory                         antagonism :: hostility; active resistance     appreciate :: be thankful for; increase in
                                                                                                 worth; be thoroughly concious about
amnesty :: pardon                                 antecede :: precede
                                                                                                 apprehend :: 1) arrest (a criminal); 2)
amok (also amuck) :: in a state of rage           antecedents :: preceding events or             dread (<- to anticipate with anxiety) ; 3)
                                                  circumstances that influence what comes        perceive
amoral :: nonmoral                                later; ancestors or early background
                                                                                                 apprehensive :: 1) fearful; 2) *discerning*
amorous :: moved by sexual love; loving           antediluvian :: antiquated; extremely
                                                  ancient                                        apprise :: inform
amorphous :: formless; lacking shape or
definition                                        anthem :: song of praise or patriotism         approbation :: approval

amphibian :: able to live both on land and        anthology :: book of literary selections by    appropriate :: acquire; take possession of
in water                                          various authors                                for one's own use

amphitheater :: oval building with tiers of       anthropoid :: manlike                          appurtenances :: subordinate possessions
seats
                                                  anthropologist :: student of the history       apropos (prep) :: with reference to;
ample :: abundant                                 and science of humankind                       regarding 2) at the right time

amplify :: broaden or clarify by expanding;       anthropomorphic :: having human form or        aptitude :: fitness; talent
intensify; make stronger                          characteristics
                                                                                                 aquiline :: curved, hooked
arable :: fit for growing crops                aspire :: seek to attain; long for               authenticate :: prove genuine

arbiter :: person with power to decide a       assail :: assault                                authoritarian :: subordinating the
matter in dispute; judge                                                                        individual to the state; completely
                                               assay :: analyze; evaluate                       dominating another's will
arbitrary :: unreasonable or capricious;
tyrannical                                     assent :: agree; accept                          authoritative :: having the weight of
                                                                                                authority; peremptory and dictatorial
arbitrate :: act as judge                      assert :: state strongly or positively; insist
                                               on or demand recognition of (rights,             autocratic :: having absolute, unchecked
arboretum :: place where different             claims, etc.)                                    power; dictatorial
varieties of trees and shrubs are studied
and exhibited                                  assessment :: estimation; appraisal              automaton :: mechanism that imitates
                                                                                                actions of humans
arcade :: a covered passageway, usually        assiduous :: diligent
lined with shops                                                                                autonomous :: self-governing
                                               assimilate :: absorb; cause to become
arcane :: secret; mysterious; known only       homogenous                                       autopsy :: examination of a dead body;
to the initiated                                                                                postmortem
                                               assuage :: ease or lessen (pain); satisfy
archaeology :: study of artifacts and relics   (hunger); soothe (anger)                         auxiliary :: offering or providing help;
of early mankind                                                                                additional or subsidiary
                                               assumption :: something taken for
archaic :: antiquated                          granted; *the taking over or taking              avalanche :: great mass of falling snow
                                               possession of*                                   and ice
archetype :: prototype; primitive pattern
                                               assurance :: promise or pledge; certainty;       avarice :: greediness for wealth
archipelago :: group of closely located        self-confidence
islands                                                                                         avenge :: take vengeance for something
                                               asteroid :: small planet                         (or on behalf of someone)
archives :: public records; place where
public records are kept                        astigmatism :: eye defect that prevents          aver :: state confidently
                                               proper focus
ardor :: heat; passion; zeal                                                                    averse :: reluctant; disinclined
                                                               5 wordlist
arduous :: hard; strenuous                                                                      aversion :: firm dislike
                                               astral :: relating to the stars
argot :: slang                                                                                  avert :: prevent; turn away
                                               astringent :: binding; causing contraction;
aria :: operatic solo                          harsh or severe                                  aviary :: enclosure for birds

arid :: dry; barren                            astronomical :: enormously large or              avid :: greedy; eager for
                                               extensive
aristocracy :: hereditary nobility;                                                             avow :: declare openly
privileged class                               astute :: wise; shrewd; keen
                                                                                                avuncular :: like an uncle
armada :: fleet of warships                    asunder :: into parts; apart
                                                                                                awe :: solemn wonder
aromatic :: fragrant                           asylum :: place of refuge or shelter;
                                               protection                                       awl :: pointed tool used for piercing
arraign :: charge in court; indict
                                               asymmetric :: not identical on both sides        awry :: distorted; crooked
array :: 1) marshal; draw up in order 2)       of a dividing central line
*clothe; adorn*                                                                            axiom :: self-evident truth requiring no
                                               atavism :: resemblance to remote            proof
arrears :: being in debt                       ancestors rather than to parents; reversion
                                                                                           azure :: sky blue
                                               to an earlier type; throwback
arrhythmic :: lacking rhythm or regularity
                                                                                                babble :: chatter idly
                                               atheistic :: denying the existence of God
arrogance :: pride; haughtiness
                                                                                                bacchanalian :: drunken
                                               atone :: make amends for; pay for
arroyo :: a dry gully; a rivulet or stream
                                                                                                badger :: pester; annoy
                                               atrocity :: brutal dead
arsenal :: storage place for military
equipment                                                                                       badinage :: teasing conversation
                                               atrophy :: wasting away
articulate :: effective; distinct                                                               baffle :: frustrate; perplex
                                               attentive :: alert and watchful;
                                               considerate; thoughtful                          bait :: harass; tease
artifact :: object made by human beings,
either handmade or mass-produced               attenuate :: make thin; weaken                   baleful :: deadly; having a malign
artifice :: deception; trickery                                                                 influence; ominous
                                               attest :: testify; bear witness
artisan :: a manually skilled worker                                                            balk :: 1) stop short, as if faced with an
                                               attribute :: essential quality
                                                                                                obstacle, and refuse to continue 2) foil
artless :: without guile; open and honest      attrition :: gradual decrease in numbers;
                                                                                                ballast :: heavy substance used to add
                                               reduction in the work force without firing
ascendancy :: controlling influence                                                             stability or weight
                                               employees; wearing away of opposition by
ascertain :: find out for certain              means of harassment                              balm :: something that relieves pain

ascetic :: practicing self-denial; austere     atypical :: not normal                           balmy :: mild; fragrant

ascribe :: refer; attribute; assign            audacious :: daring; bold                        banal :: hackneyed; commonplace; trite;
                                                                                                lacking originality
aseptic :: preventing infection; having a      audit :: examination of accounts
cleansing effect                                                                                bandy :: discuss lightly or glibly; exchange
                                               augment :: increase; add to
                                                                                                (words) heatedly
ashen :: ash-colored; deadly pale
                                               augury :: omen; prophecy
                                                                                                bane :: cause of ruin; curse
asinine :: stupid
                                               august :: impressive; majestic
                                                                                                bantering :: good-naturedly ridiculing
askance :: with a sideways or indirect look
                                               aureole :: sun's corona; halo
                                                                                                barb :: sharp projection from fishhook or
askew :: crookedly; slanted; at an angle                                                        other object; openly cutting remark
                                               auroral :: pertaining to the aurora borealis
asperity :: sharpness (of temper)                                                                               6 wordlist
                                               auspicious :: favoring success
aspersion :: slanderous remark                                                                  bard :: poet
                                               austere :: forbiddingly stern; severely
aspirant :: seeker after position or status    simple and unornamented
                                                                                                barefaced :: shameless; bold; unconcealed
baroque :: highly ornate                       besmirch :: soil, defile                      bombastic :: pompous; using inflated
                                                                                             language
barrage :: barrier laid down by artillery      bestial :: beastlike; brutal; inhuman
fire; overwhelming profusion                                                                 boon :: blessing; benefit
                                               bestow :: confer; to give, grant
barrister :: counselor-at-law                                                                boorish :: rude; insensitive; awkward; ill-
                                               betoken :: signify; indicate                  mannered
barterer :: trader
                                               betray :: be unfaithful; reveal               bouillon :: clear beef soup
bask :: luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth     (unconsciously or unwillingly)
                                                                                             bountiful :: abundant; graciously generous
bastion :: stronghold; something seen as a     betroth :: become engaged to marry
source of protection                                                                         bourgeois :: middle class; selfishly
                                               bevy :: large group                           materialistic; dully conventional
bate :: let down; restrain
                                               bicameral :: two-chambered, as a              bovine :: cowlike; placid and dull
bauble :: trinket; trifle                      legislative body
                                                                                             bowdlerize :: expurgate
bawdy :: indecent; obscene                     bicker :: quarrel
                                                                                             boycott :: refrain from buying or using
beatific :: giving bliss; blissful             biennial :: every two years
                                                                                             brackish :: somewhat saline
beatitude :: blessedness; state of bliss       bifurcated :: divided into two branches;
                                               forked                                        braggadocio :: boasting
bedizen :: dress with vulgar finery
                                               bigotry :: stubborn intolerance               braggart :: boaster
bedraggle :: wet thoroughly
                                               bilious :: suffering from indigestion;        brandish :: wave around; flourish (<-
beeline :: direct, quick route                 irritable                                     [here] to make showy, wavy motions, as
                                                                                             of the arms)
befuddle :: confuse thoroughly                 bilk :: swindle; cheat
                                                                                             bravado :: swagger; assumed air of
beget :: father; produce; give rise to         billowing :: swelling out in waves; surging   defiance
begrudge :: resent                             bivouac :: temporary encampment               brawn :: muscular strength; sturdiness
beguile :: mislead or delude; cheat; pass      bizarre :: fantastic; violently contrasting   brazen :: insolent; shameless
time
                                               blanch :: bleach; whiten                      breach :: breaking of contract or duty;
behemoth :: huge creature; something of                                                      fissure or gap
monstrous size or power                        bland :: soothing or mild; agreeable
                                                                                             breadth :: width; extent
beholden :: obligated; indebted                blandishment :: flattery
                                                                                             brevity :: conciseness
behoove :: be suited to; be incumbent          blare :: loud, harsh roar or screech;
upon                                           dazzling blaze of light                       brindled :: tawny or grayish with streaks
                                                                                             or spots
belabor :: explain or go over excessively      blasé :: bored with pleasure or dissipation
or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally                                                   bristling :: rising like bristles; showing
                                               blasphemy :: irreverence; sacrilege;          irritation
belated :: delayed                             cursing
                                                                                             broach :: introduce; open up
beleaguer :: besiege or attack; harass         blatant :: extremely obvious; loudly
                                               offensive                                     brocade :: rich, figured fabric
belie :: contradict; give a false impression
                                               bleak :: cold or cheerless; unlikely to be    brochure :: pamphlet
belittle :: disparage; depreciate              favorable
                                                                                             brooch :: ornamental clasp
bellicose :: warlike                           blighted :: suffering from a disease;
                                               destroyed                                     brook :: tolerate; endure 2) a small
belligerent :: quarrelsome                                                                   stream
                                               blithe :: gay; joyous
bemoan :: 1. lament; 2. express                                                              browbeat :: bully; intimidate
disapproval of                                 bloated :: swollen or puffed as with water
                                               or air                                        browse :: graze; skim or glance at casually
bemused :: confused; lost in thought;
preoccupied                                    blowhard :: talkative boaster                 brunt :: main impact or shock
benediction :: blessing                        bludgeon :: club; heavy-headed weapon         brusque :: blunt; abrupt

benefactor :: gift giver; patron               bluff :: 1) (adj) rough but good-natured 2)   buccaneer :: a pirate, or sea robber
                                               pretense (of strength); deception; *high
beneficent :: kindly; doing good               cliff*                                        bucolic :: rustic; pastoral
benevolent :: generous; charitable                                                           buffet (n) :: table with food set out for
                                                               7 wordlist
                                                                                             people to serve themselves; meal at which
benign :: kindly; favorable; not malignant                                                   people help themselves to food that's been
                                               blunder :: error
                                                                                             set out.
benison :: blessing
                                               blurt :: utter impulsively
                                                                                             buffet (v) :: slap; batter; knock about
bent :: determined; natural talent or
                                               bluster :: blow in heavy gusts; threaten
inclination                                                                                  buffoonery :: clowning
                                               emptily; bully
bequeath :: leave to someone by means of                                                     bugaboo :: bugbear; object of baseless
                                               bode :: foreshadow; portend
a will; hand down                                                                            terror
                                               bogus :: counterfeit; not authentic
berate :: scold strongly                                                                     bullion :: gold and silver in the form of
                                               bohemian :: unconventional (in an artistic    bars
bereavement :: state of being deprived of
                                               way)
something valuable or beloved                                                                bulwark :: earthwork or other strong
                                               boisterous :: violent; rough; noisy           defense; person who defends
bereft :: deprived of; lacking
                                               bolster :: support; reinforce                 bungle :: mismanage; blunder
berserk :: frenzied
                                               bolt (n) :: door bar; fastening pin or        buoyant :: able to float; *cheerful and
beseech :: beg; plead with
                                               screw; length of fabric                       optimistic*
beset :: harass or trouble; to surround or
                                               bolt (v) :: dash or dart off; fasten (a       bureaucracy :: over regulated
hem in
                                               door); *gobble down*                          administrative system marked by red tape
besiege :: surround with armed forces;
                                               bombardment :: attack (as with missiles)      burgeon :: grow forth; send out buds
harass (with requests)
burlesque :: give an imitation that ridicules carapace :: shell covering the back (of a          censor :: overseer of morals; person who
                                              turtle, crab, etc.)                                eliminates inappropriate matter
burnish :: make shiny by rubbing; polish
                                              carat :: unit of weight for precious stones;       censorious :: critical
buttress :: support; prop up                  measure of fineness of gold
                                                                                                 censure :: blame; criticize
buxom :: full-bosomed; plump; jolly             carcinogenic :: causing cancer
                                                                                                 centaur :: mythical figure, half man and
cabal :: small group of persons secretly        cardinal :: chief                                half horse
united to promote their own interests
                                                cardiologist :: doctor specializing in           centigrade :: denoting a widely used
cache :: hiding place                           ailments of the heart                            temperature scale (basically same as
                                                                                                 Celsius)
cacophonous :: discordant; inharmonious         careen :: lurch; sway from side to side
                                                                                                 centrifugal :: radiating; departing from the
cadaver :: corpse                               caricature :: grotesque or ludicrously           center
                                                exaggerated representation; distortion;
cadaverous :: like a corpse; pale               burlesque                                        centrifuge :: machine that separates
                                                                                                 substances by whirling them
cadence :: rhythmic rise and fall (of words     carillon :: a set of bells capable of being
or sounds); beat                                played                                           centripetal :: tending toward the center
cajole :: coax; wheedle                         carnage :: destruction of life                   centurion :: Roman army officer
calamity :: disaster; misery                    carnal :: fleshy                                 cerebral :: pertaining to the brain or
                                                                                                 intellect
calculated :: deliberately planned; likely      carnivorous :: meat-eating
                                                                                                 cerebration :: thought
caldron :: large kettle                         carousal :: drunken revel
                                                                                                 ceremonious :: marked by formality
caliber :: ability; quality                     carping :: petty criticism; fault-finding
                                                                                                 certitude :: certainty
calligraphy :: beautiful writing; excellent     carrion :: rotting flesh of a dead body
penmanship                                                                                       cessation :: stoppage
                                                cartographer :: map-maker
callous :: hardened; unfeeling                                                                   cession :: yielding to another; ceding
                                                cascade :: small waterfall
callow :: youthful; immature;                                                                    chafe :: warm by rubbing; make sore (by
inexperienced                                   caste :: one of the hereditary classes in        rubbing)
                                                Hindu Society, social stratification;
calorific :: heat-producing                     prestige                                         chaff :: worthless product of endeavor
calumny :: malicious misrepresentation;         castigation :: punishment; severe criticism      chaffing :: bantering; joking
slander
                                                casual :: implying a cause-and-effect            chagrin :: vexation (caused by humiliation
camaraderie :: good-fellowship                  relationship                                     or injured pride); disappointment
cameo :: shell or jewel carved in relief;       casualty :: serious or fatal accident            chalice :: goblet; consecrated cup
star's special appearance in a minor role in
the film                                        cataclysm :: deluge; upheaval                    chameleon :: lizard that changes color in
                                                                                                 different situations
camouflage :: disguise; conceal                 catalyst :: agent that brings about a
                                                chemical change while it remains                                  9 wordlist
canard :: unfounded rumor; exaggerated          unaffected and unchanged.
report                                                                                           champion :: support militantly
                                                catapult :: slingshot; hurling machine
candor :: frankness; open honesty                                                                chaotic :: in utter disorder
                                                cataract :: great waterfall; eye
canine :: related to dogs; doglike              abnormality                                      charisma :: divine gift; great popular
                                                                                                 charm or appeal
canker :: *any ulcerous sore*; any evil         catastrophe :: calamity; disaster
                                                                                                 charlatan :: quack; pretender to
canny :: shrewd; thrifty                        catcall :: shout of disapproval; boo             knowledge
canon :: collection or authoritative list of    catechism :: book for religious instruction;     chary :: cautious; sparing or restrained
books (e.g., by an author, or accepted as       instruction by question and answer               about giving
scripture); rule or standard set by
ecclesiastical author                           categorical :: without exceptions;               chase :: ornament a metal surface by
                                                unqualified; absolute                            indenting
cantankerous :: ill-humored; irritable
                                                catharsis :: purging or cleansing of any         chasm :: abyss
cantata :: story set to music, to be sung       passage of the body
by a chorus                                                                                      chassis :: framework and working parts of
                                                cathartic :: purgative i.e. tending to purify    an automobile
canter :: slow gallop
                                                catholic :: universal; wide-ranging liberal      chaste :: pure; virginal; modest
                 8 wordlist
                                                caucus :: private meeting of members of a        chasten :: discipline; punish in order to
canto :: division of a long poem                party to select officers or determine policy     correct
canvass :: determine or seek opinions,          caulk :: to make watertight (by plugging         chastise :: punish
votes, etc.                                     seams)
                                                                                                 chauvinist :: blindly devoted patriot;
capacious :: spacious                           caustic :: burning; sarcastically biting         zealous adherent of a group or cause
capacity :: mental or physical ability; role;   cauterize :: burn with hot iron or caustic       check :: stop motion; curb or restrain
ability to accommodate
                                                cavalcade :: procession; parade                  checkered :: marked by changes in fortune
capillary :: having a very fine bore
                                                cavalier :: casual and offhand; arrogant         cherubic :: angelic; innocent-looking
capitulate :: surrender
                                                cavil :: make frivolous objections               chicanery :: trickery; deception
caprice :: whim
                                                cede :: yield (title, territory) to; surrender   chide :: scold
capricious :: unpredictable; fickle             formally
                                                                                                 chimerical :: fantastically improbable;
caption :: title; chapter heading; text         celerity :: speed; rapidity                      highly unrealistic; imaginative
under illustration
                                                celestial :: heavenly                            chisel :: wedge like tool for cutting
captious :: faultfinding
                                                celibate :: abstaining from sexual
carafe :: glass water bottle; decanter          intercourse; unmarried
chisel (v) :: *swindle or cheat*; cut with a     coddle :: treat gently; pamper                  compact (n) :: agreement; contract
chisel
                                                 codicil :: supplement to the body of a will     compatible :: harmonious; in harmony
chivalrous :: courteous; faithful; brave                                                         with
                                                 codify :: to arrange (laws, rules, etc.)
choleric :: hot-tempered                         systematically; classify                        compelling :: overpowering; irresistible in
                                                                                                 effect
choreography :: art of representing dances       coercion :: use of force to get someone to
in written symbols; arrangement of dances        obey; government by force                       compendium :: brief, comprehensive
                                                                                                 summary
chortle :: chuckle with delight                  coeval :: living at the same time as;
                                                 contemporary                                    compensatory :: making up for; repaying
chronic :: long established, as a disease
                                              cog :: tooth projecting from a wheel               compilation :: listing of statistical
chronicle :: report; record (in chronological                                                    information in tabular or book form
order)                                        cogent :: convincing
                                                                                                 compile :: assemble; gather; accumulate
churlish :: boorish; rude                        cogitate :: think over
                                                                                                 complacency :: self-satisfaction; smugness
ciliated :: having minute hairs                  cognate :: related linguistically; allied by
                                                 blood; similar or akin in nature                complaisant :: trying to please; obliging
cipher :: 1) *nonentity; worthless person
or thing* 2) secret code                         cognitive :: having to do with knowing or       complement :: complete; consummate;
                                                 perceiving related to mental processes          make perfect
circlet :: small ring; band
                                                 cognizance :: knowledge                         complementary :: serving to complete
circuitous :: roundabout; indirect; devious                                                      something
                                                 cohabit :: live together
circumlocution :: indirect or roundabout                                                         compliance :: readiness to yield;
expression                                       cohere :: stick together                        conformity in fulfilling requirement

circumscribe :: limit; confine                   cohesion :: tendency to keep together           compliant :: yielding; conforming to
                                                                                                 requirements
circumspect :: prudent; cautious                 cohorts :: armed band
                                                                                                 complicity :: participation; involvement
circumvent :: outwit; baffle                     coiffure :: hairstyle
                                                                                                 component :: element; ingredient
cistern :: reservoir or water tank               coin :: make coins; invent or fabricate
                                                                                                 comport :: bear one's self; behave
citadel :: fortress                              coincidence :: the chance occurrence, at
                                                 the same time, of two or more seemingly         composure :: mental calmness
cite :: quote; commend                           connected events
                                                                                                 compound :: combine; constitute; pay
civil :: having to do with citizens or the       colander :: utensil with perforated bottom      interest; increase
state; courteous and polite                      used for straining
                                                                                                 comprehensive :: thorough; inclusive
clairvoyant :: having foresight;                                 10 wordlist
fortuneteller                                                                                    compress :: close; squeeze; contract
                                                 collaborate :: work together
clamber :: climb by crawling                                                                     comprise :: include; consist of
                                                 collage :: work of art put together from
clamor :: noise                                  fragments                                       compromise :: adjust or settle by making
                                                                                                 mutual concessions; endanger the
clandestine :: secret                            collate :: examine in order to verify           interests or reputation of
                                                 authenticity; arrange in order
clangor :: loud, resounding noise                                                                compunction :: remorse
                                                 collateral :: security given for a loan
clapper :: striker (tongue) of a bell                                                            compute :: reckon; calculate
                                                 collation :: a light meal
clarion :: shrill, trumpet like sound                                                            concatenate :: link as in a chain
                                                 colloquial :: pertaining to conversational or
claustrophobia :: fear of being locked in                                                        concave :: hollow
                                                 common speech; informal
clavicle :: collarbone                                                                           concede :: admit; yield
                                                 colloquy :: informal discussion
cleave (n) cleavage (adj.) cloven :: split or                                                    conceit :: vanity or self-love; whimsical
                                                 collusion :: conspiring in a fraudulent
sever; cling to; remain faithful to                                                              idea; extravagant metaphor
                                                 scheme
cleft :: split                                                                                   concentric :: having a common center
                                                 colossal :: huge
clemency :: disposition to be lenient;                                                           conception :: beginning; forming of an
                                                 colossus :: gigantic statue
mildness, as of the weather                                                                      idea
                                                 comatose :: in a coma; extremely sleepy
cliché :: phrase dulled in meaning by                                                            concerted :: mutually agreed on; done
repetition                                       combustible :: easily burned                    together
clientele :: body of customers                   comely :: attractive; agreeable                 concession :: an act of yielding
climactic (n) climax :: relating to the          comestible :: something fit to be eaten         conciliatory :: reconciling; soothing
highest point
                                                 comeuppance :: deserved punishment;             concise :: brief and compact
clime :: region; climate                         retribution
                                                                                                 conclave :: private meeting
clique :: small, exclusive group                 comity :: courtesy; civility
                                                                                                 conclusive :: decisive; ending all debate
cloister :: monastery or convent                 commandeer :: to draft for military
                                                 purposes; to take for public use                concoct :: prepare by combining; make up
clout :: great influence (especially political                                                   in concert
or social)                                       commemorative :: remembering; honoring
                                                                                                 concomitant :: that which accompanies
cloying (v) cloy :: distasteful (because         commensurate :: equal in extent
excessive); excessively sweet or                                                                 concord :: harmony
sentimental                                      commiserate :: feel or express pity or
                                                 sympathy for                                    concur :: agree
coagulate :: thicken; congeal; clot
                                                 commodious :: spacious and comfortable          concurrent :: happening at the same time
coalesce :: combine; fuse
                                                 communal :: held in common; of group of         condescend :: bestow courtesies with a
coalition :: partnership; league; union          people                                          superior air

coda :: concluding section of a musical or       compact (adj.) :: tightly packed; firm;         condign :: adequate; deservedly severe
literary composition                             brief
condiments :: seasonings; spices              constituent :: *supporter*                      cornucopia :: horn overflowing with fruit
                                                                                              and grain; symbol of abundance
condole :: express sympathetic sorrow         constraint :: compulsion; repression of
                                              feelings                                        corollary :: consequence; accompaniment
condone :: overlook; forgive; give tacit
approval; excuse                              construe :: explain; interpret                  corporeal :: bodily; material

conducive :: helpful; contributive            consummate :: complete                          corpulent :: very fat

conduit :: aqueduct passageway for fluids     contagion :: infection                          correlation :: mutual relationship

confidant :: trusted friend                   contaminate :: pollute                          corroborate :: confirm; support

confine :: shut in; restrict                  contempt :: scorn; disdain                      corrode :: destroy by chemical action

confiscate :: seize; commandeer               contend :: struggle; compete; assert            corrosive :: eating away by chemicals or
                                              earnestly                                       disease
conflagration :: great fire
                                              contention :: claim; thesis                     corrugated :: wrinkled; ridged
confluence :: flowing together; crowd
                                              contentious :: quarrelsome                      cosmic :: pertaining to the universe; vast
conformity :: harmony; agreement
                                              contest :: dispute                              coterie :: group that meets socially select
confound :: confuse; puzzle                                                                   circle
                                              context :: writing preceding and following
congeal :: freeze; coagulate                  the passage quoted                              countenance (n) :: face
congenial :: pleasant; friendly; kindred [ -- contiguous :: adjacent to; touching upon        countenance (v) :: approve; tolerate
- tastes]
                                              continence :: self-restraint; sexual chastity   counterfeit :: not genuine; imitation;
congenital :: existing at birth                                                               forged
                                              contingent :: dependent on; conditional
               11 wordlist                                                                    countermand :: cancel; revoke
                                              contortions :: twistings; distortions
conglomeration :: mass of material                                                                           12 wordlist
sticking together                             contraband :: illegal trade; smuggling;
                                              smuggled goods                                  counterpart :: a thing that completes
congruence :: correspondence or parts;                                                        another; things very much alike
harmonious relationship                       contravene :: contradict; oppose: infringe
                                              on or transgress                                coup :: highly successful action or sudden
congruent :: in agreement; corresponding                                                      attack
                                              contrite :: penitent
conifer :: pine tree; cone-bearing tree                                                       couple :: join; unite
                                              contrived :: forced; artificial; not
conjecture :: surmise; guess                  spontaneous                                     courier :: messenger

conjugal :: pertaining to marriage            controvert :: oppose with arguments;            covenant :: agreement
                                              attempt to refute; contradict
conjure :: summon a devil; practice                                                           covert :: secret; hidden; implied
magic; imagine or invent                      contumacious :: disobedient; resisting
                                              authority                                       covetous :: avaricious; eagerly desirous of
connivance :: pretense of ignorance of
something wrong; assistance; permission       contusion :: bruise                             cow :: terrorize; intimidate
to offend
                                              conundrum :: riddle; difficult problem          cower :: shrink quivering, as from fear
connoisseur :: person competent to act as
a judge of art, etc.; a lover of an art       convene :: assemble                             coy :: shy; modest; coquettish

connotation :: suggested or implied           convention :: social or moral custom            cozen :: cheat; hoodwink; swindle
meaning of an expression                      established practice
                                                                                              crabbed :: sour; peevish
connubial :: pertaining to marriage or the    conventional :: ordinary; typical
matrimonial state                                                                             crass :: very unrefined; grossly insensible
                                              converge :: approach; tend to meet; come
consanguinity :: kinship                      together                                        craven :: cowardly

conscientious :: scrupulous; careful          conversant :: familiar with                     credence :: belief

conscript :: draftee; person forced into      converse :: opposite                            credo :: creed; system of (esp. religious)
military service                                                                              beliefs
                                              convert :: one who has adopted a different
consecrate :: dedicate; sanctify              religion or opinion                             credulity :: belief on slight evidence;
                                                                                              gullibility; naiveté
consensus :: general agreement                convex :: curving outward
                                                                                              creed :: system of religious or ethical
consequential :: following as result or       conveyance :: vehicle; transfer                 belief
inference; *pompous; self-important*
                                              conviction :: judgment that someone is          crescendo :: increase in the volume or
conservatory :: school of the fine arts       guilty of a crime; strongly held belief         intensity, as in a musical passage; climax
(especially music or drama)
                                              convivial :: festive; gay; characterized by     crestfallen :: dejected; dispirited
consign :: deliver officially; entrust; set   joviality
apart                                                                                         crevice :: crack; fissure
                                              convoke :: call together
consistency :: absence of contradictions;                                                     cringe :: shrink back, as if in fear
dependability; uniformity; degree of          convoluted :: coiled around; involved;
                                              intricate                                       criteria :: standards used in judging
thickness
                                              copious :: plentiful                            crone :: hag i.e. withered old woman
console :: lessen sadness or
disappointment; give comfort                                                                  crotchety :: eccentric; whimsical
                                              coquette :: a girl or woman who merely
consolidation :: unification; process of      from vanity tries to get men‘s attention
                                                                                              crux :: essential or main point
becoming firmer or stronger                   and admiration; flirt
                                                                                              crypt :: vault, esp. one below church used
consonance :: harmony; agreement              cordial :: gracious; heartfelt
                                                                                              for burial-place
consort (n) :: husband or wife                cordon :: extended line of men or
                                                                                              cryptic :: mysterious; hidden; secret
                                              fortifications to prevent access or egress
consort (v) :: associate with                                                                 cubicle :: small chamber used for sleeping
                                              cornice :: projecting molding on building
conspiracy :: treacherous plot                (usually above columns)                         cuisine :: style of cooking
culinary :: relating to cooking                 decoy :: lure or bait                         demur :: object (because of doubts,
                                                                                              scruples); hesitate
cull :: pick out; reject                        decrepitude :: state of collapse caused by
                                                illness or old age                            demure :: grave; serious; coy
culmination :: attainment of highest point
                                                decry :: express strong disapproval of;       denigrate :: blacken
culpable :: deserving blame                     disparage
                                                                                              denizen :: inhabitant or resident; regular
culvert :: artificial channel for water         deducible :: derived by reasoning             visitor

cumbersome :: heavy; hard to manage             deface :: mar; disfigure                      denotation :: meaning; distinguishing by
                                                                                              name
cumulative :: growing by addition               defame :: harm someone's reputation;
                                                malign; slander                               denouement :: outcome; final
cupidity :: greed                                                                             development of the plot of a play or other
                                                default :: failure to act                     literary work
curator :: superintendent; manager
                                                defeatist :: resigned to defeat; accepting    denounce :: condemn; criticize
curmudgeon :: churlish, miserly individual      defeat as a natural outcome
                                                                                              depict :: portray
cursive :: flowing, running                     defection :: desertion
                                                                                              deplete :: reduce; exhaust
cursory :: casual; superficial; hastily done    defer :: give in respectfully; submit 2)
                                                postpone                                      deplore :: regret
curtail :: shorten; reduce
                                                deference :: courteous regard for             deploy :: spread out [troops] in an
cynical :: skeptical or distrustful of human
                                                another's wish                                extended though shallow battle line
motives
                                                defiance :: refusal to yield; resistance      depose :: dethrone; remove from office
cynosure :: object of general attention
                                                defile :: pollute; profane                    deposition :: testimony under oath
dabble :: work at in a non-serious fashion;
splash around                                   definitive :: most reliable or complete       depravity :: extreme corruption;
                                                                                              wickedness
dais :: raised platform for guests of honor     deflect :: turn aside
                                                                                              deprecate :: express disapproval of;
dally :: to flirt; trifle with; procrastinate   defoliate :: destroy leaves                   protest against; belittle
dank :: damp                                    defrock :: to strip a priest or minister of   depreciate :: lessen in value
                                                church authority
dapper :: neat and trim
                                                                                              depredation :: plundering
                                                deft :: neat; skillful
dappled :: spotted
                                                                                              deranged :: insane
                                                defunct :: dead; no longer in use or
daub :: smear (as with paint)
                                                existence                                     derelict :: abandoned; *negligent*
daunt :: intimidate; frighten
                                                degenerate :: become wore; deteriorate        deride :: ridicule; make fun of
dauntless :: bold
                                                degradation :: humiliation; debasement;       derision :: ridicule
dawdle :: loiter; waste time                    degeneration
                                                                                              derivative :: unoriginal; obtained from
deadlock :: standstill; stalemate               dehydrate :: remove water from; dry out       another source

deadpan :: wooden; impassive                    deify :: turn into a god; idolize             dermatologist :: one who studies the skin
                                                                                              and its diseases
dearth :: scarcity                              deign :: condescend; stoop
                                                                                                              14 wordlist
debacle :: sudden downfall; complete            delete :: erase; strike out
disaster                                                                                      derogatory :: tending to lessen or impair;
                                                deleterious :: harmful                        detracting disparaging; belittling
debase :: reduce in quality or value; lower
                                                deliberate :: consider; ponder                descry :: catch sight of
in esteem; degrade
                                                delineate :: portray; depict; sketch          desecrate :: profane; violate the sanctity
debauch :: corrupt; seduce from virtue
                                                                                              of
                                                delirium :: mental disorder marked by
debilitate :: weaken; enfeeble
                                                confusion                                     desiccate :: dry up
debonair :: friendly; aiming to please
                                                delta :: flat plain of mud or sand between    desolate (adj.) :: unpopulated;
debris :: rubble                                branches of a river                           depressing; deserted

debunk :: expose as false, exaggerated,         delude :: deceive                             desolate (v) :: rob of joy; lay waste to;
worthless, etc.; ridicule                                                                     forsake
                                                deluge :: flood; rush
debutante :: young woman making formal                                                        desperado :: reckless outlaw i.e. criminal
                                                delusion :: false belief; hallucination
entrance into society
                                                                                              despise :: look on with scorn; regard as
                                                delusive :: deceptive; raising vain hopes
decadence :: decay                                                                            worthless or distasteful
                                                delve :: dig; investigate
decant :: pour off gently                                                                     despoil :: plunder
                                                demagogue :: person who appeals to
decapitate :: behead                                                                          despondent :: depressed; gloomy
                                                people's prejudice; false leader
decelerate :: slow down                                                                       despot :: tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler
                                                demean :: degrade; humiliate
                13 wordlist                     demeanor :: behavior; bearing
                                                                                              destitute :: extremely poor

deciduous :: falling off, as of leaves                                                        desultory :: aimless; haphazard;
                                                demented :: insane
                                                                                              digressing at random
decimate :: kill, usually one out of ten
                                                demise :: death
                                                                                              detached :: emotionally removed; calm
decipher :: decode                                                                            and objective; physically separate
                                                demographic :: related to population
declivity :: downward slope                     balance
                                                                                              determinate :: having a fixed order of
                                                demolition :: destruction                     procedure; invariable
décolleté :: having a low-cut neckline
                                                demoniac :: fiendish                          determination :: resolve; *measurement
decomposition :: decay                                                                        or calculation*; decision
                                                demotic :: pertaining to the people
decorum :: propriety; orderliness and good                                                    deterrent :: something that discourages;
taste in manners                                                                              hindrance
detonation :: explosion                         disburse :: pay out                            disperse :: scatter

detraction :: slandering; aspersion             discernible :: mentally quick and              dispirited :: lacking in spirit
                                                observant; having insight
detrimental :: harmful; damaging                                                               disport :: to indulge in amusement; play;
                                                disclaim :: disown; renounce claim to          frolic
deviate :: turn away from (a principle,
norm); depart; diverge                          disclose :: reveal                             disputatious :: argumentative; fond or
                                                                                               arguing
devious :: roundabout; erratic; not             discombobulated :: confused; discomposed
straightforward                                                                                disquietude :: uneasiness; anxiety
                                                discomfit :: put to rout; defeat; disconcert
devise :: think up; invent; plan                                                               disquisition :: a formal systematic inquiry;
                                                disconcert :: confuse; upset; embarrass        an explanation of the results of a formal
devoid :: lacking                                                                              inquiry
                                                disconsolate :: sad
devolve :: deputize; pass to others                                                            dissection :: analysis; cutting apart in
                                                discord :: conflict; lack of harmony           order to examine
devotee :: enthusiastic follower
                                                discordant :: not harmonious; conflicting      dissemble :: disguise; pretend
devout :: pious
                                                discount :: disregard                          disseminate :: distribute; spread; scatter
dexterous :: skillful                                                                          (like seeds)
                                                discourse :: formal discussion;
diabolical :: devilish                          conversation                                   dissent :: disagree
diadem :: crown                                 discredit :: defame; destroy confidence in;    dissertation :: formal essay
                                                disbelieve
dialectical :: relating to the art of debate;                                                  dissident :: dissenting; rebellious
*mutual or reciprocal*                          discrepancy :: lack of consistency;
                                                difference                                     dissimulate :: pretend; conceal by feigning
diaphanous :: sheer; transparent
                                                discrete :: separate; unconnected              dissipate :: squander; waste; scatter
diatribe :: bitter scolding; invective
                                                discretion :: prudence; ability to adjust      dissolution :: disintegration; looseness in
dichotomy :: split; branching into two          actions to circumstances                       morals
parts (especially contradictory ones)
                                                discriminating :: able to see differences;     dissonance :: discord; opposite of
dictum :: authoritative and weighty             prejudiced                                     harmony
statement; saying; maxim
                                                discursive :: digressing; rambling             dissuade :: persuade not to do; discourage
didactic :: teaching; instructional
                                                disdain :: view with scorn or contempt         distant :: reserved or aloof; cold in
die :: device for stamping or impressing;                                                      manner
mold                                            disembark :: go ashore; unload cargo from
                                                a ship                                    distend :: expand; swell out
diffidence :: shyness
                                                disenfranchise :: deprive of a civil right     distill :: purify; refine; concentrate
diffuse :: *wordy; rambling*; spread out
(like a gas)                                    disengage :: uncouple; separate;               distinction :: honor; contrast;
                                                disconnect                                     discrimination
digression :: wandering away from the
subject                                         disfigure :: mar the appearance of; spoil      distort :: twist out of shape

dilapidated :: ruined because of neglect        disgorge :: surrender something; eject;        distrait :: absentminded
                                                vomit
dilate :: expand                                                                               distraught :: upset; distracted by anxiety
                                                disgruntle :: make discontented
dilatory :: delaying                                                                           diurnal :: daily
                                                               15 wordlist
dilemma :: problem; choice of two                                                              diva :: operatic singer; prima donna
unsatisfactory alternatives                     dishearten :: discourage
                                                                                               diverge :: vary; go in different directions
dilettante :: aimless follower of the arts;     disheveled :: untidy                           from the same point
amateur; dabbler
                                                disinclination :: unwillingness                divergent :: differing; deviating
diligence :: steadiness of effort; persistent
hard work                                       disingenuous :: not naïve; sophisticated       diverse :: differing in some characteristics;
                                                                                               various
dilute :: make less concentrated; reduce in     disinter :: dig up; unearth
strength                                                                                       diversion :: act of turning aside; pastime
                                                disinterested :: unprejudiced
diminution :: lessening; reduction in size                                                     diversity :: variety; dissimilitude
                                                disjointed :: disconnected
din :: continued loud noise                                                                    divest :: strip; deprive
                                                disjunction :: act or state of separation;
dinghy :: small boat (*often ship's boat*)      disunity                                       divine :: perceive intuitively; foresee the
                                                                                               future
dingy :: dull; not fresh; cheerless             dislodge :: remove (forcibly)
                                                                                               divulge :: reveal
dint :: means; effort                           dismantle :: take apart
                                                                                               docile :: obedient; easily managed
diorama :: life-size, three-dimensional         dismember :: cut into small parts
scene from nature or history                                                                   docket :: program as for trial; book where
                                                dismiss :: eliminate from consideration;       such entries are made
dire :: disastrous                              reject
                                                                                               doctrinaire :: unable to compromise about
dirge :: lament with music; a funeral hymn disparage :: belittle                               points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding

disabuse :: correct a false impression;         disparate :: basically different; unrelated    doctrine :: teachings in general; particular
undeceive                                                                                      principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught
                                                disparity :: difference; condition of
disaffected :: disloyal                         inequality                                     document :: provide written evidence
disapprobation :: disapproval;                  dispassionate :: calm; impartial               doddering :: shaky; infirm from old age
condemnation
                                                dispatch :: speediness; prompt execution;      doff :: take off
disarray :: disorderly or untidy state          message sent with all due speed
                                                                                               dogged :: determined; stubborn
disavowal :: denial; disclaiming                dispel :: scatter; drive away; cause to
                                                vanish                                         doggerel :: poor verse
disband :: dissolve; disperse
dogmatic :: opinionated; arbitrary;           eclipse :: darken; extinguish; *surpass*        embezzlement :: stealing
doctrinal
                                              ecologist :: person concerned with the          emboss :: produce a design in raised relief
doldrums :: blues; listlessness; slack        interrelationship between living organisms
period                                        and their environment                           embrace :: hug; adopt or espouse; accept
                                                                                              readily; encircle; include
dolorous :: sorrowful                         economy :: efficiency or conciseness in
                                              using something                                 embroider :: decorate with needlework;
dolt :: stupid person                                                                         ornament with fancy or fictitious details
                                              ecstasy :: rapture; joy; any overpowering
domicile :: home                              emotion                                         embroil :: throw into confusion; involve in
                                                                                              strife; entangle
domineer :: rule over tyrannically            eddy :: swirling current of water, air, etc
                                                                                              embryonic :: undeveloped; rudimentary
don :: put on                                 edict :: decree (especially one issued by a
                                              sovereign); official command                    emend :: correct, usually a text
dormant :: sleeping; lethargic; latent
                                              edify :: instruct; correct morally              emendation :: correction of errors;
dormer :: window projecting from roof                                                         improvement
                                              eerie :: weird
dorsal :: relating to the back of an animal                                                   emetic :: substance causing vomiting
                                              efface :: rub out
dossier :: a collection of documents                                                          eminent :: high; lofty
concerning a particular person or matter      effectual :: able to produce a desired
                                              effect; valid                                   emissary :: agent; messenger
dotage :: senility
                                              effeminate :: having womanly traits             emollient :: soothing or softening remedy
dote :: be excessively fond of; show signs
of mental decline                             effervescence :: inner excitement or        emolument :: salary; compensation
                                              exuberance; bubbling from fermentation or
dour :: sullen; stubborn                      carbonation                                 empathy :: ability to identify with
                                                                                          another's feelings, ideas, etc.
douse :: plunge into water; drench;           effete :: worn out; exhausted; barren
extinguish                                                                                empirical :: based on experience
                                              efficacy :: power to produce desired effect
dowdy :: slovenly; untidy                                                                 emulate :: imitate; rival
                                              effigy :: dummy
downcast :: disheartened; sad                                                             enamored :: in love
                                              effluvium :: noxious smell
drab :: dull; lacking color; cheerless                                                    encipher :: encode; convert a message
                                              effrontery :: shameless boldness            into code
draconian :: extremely severe
                                              effusion :: pouring forth                       enclave :: territory enclosed within an
dregs :: sediment; worthless residue                                                          alien land
                                              effusive :: pouring forth; gushing
drivel :: nonsense; foolishness                                                               encomiastic :: praising; eulogistic
                                              egoism :: excessive interest in one's self;
droll :: queer and amusing                    belief that one should be interested in         encomium :: high praise; eulogy
                                              one's self rather than in others
drone (n.) :: idle person; male bee                                                           encompass :: surround
                                              egotistical :: excessively self-centered;
drone (v.) :: talk dully; buzz or murmur                                                      encroachment :: gradual intrusion
                                              self-important; conceited
like a bee
                                              egregious :: notorious; conspicuously bad                       17 wordlist
dross :: waste matter; worthless
                                              or shocking
impurities                                                                                    encumber :: burden
                                              egress :: exit
drudgery :: menial work                                                                       endearment :: fond word or act
                                              ejaculation :: exclamation
dubious :: questionable; filled with doubt                                                    endemic :: prevailing among a specific
                                              elaboration :: addition of details; intricacy   group of people or in a specific area or
ductile :: malleable; flexible; pliable                                                       country
                                              elated :: overjoyed; in high spirits
dulcet :: sweet sounding                                                                      endorse :: approve; support
                                              elegy :: poem or song expressing
dumbfound :: astonish                                                                         endue :: provide with some quality; endow
                                              lamentation; funeral song
dupe :: someone easily fooled                                                                 enduring :: lasting; surviving
                                              elicit :: draw out by discussion
duplicity :: double-dealing; hypocrisy                                                        energize :: invigorate; make forceful and
                                              elixir :: cure-all; something invigorating
                                                                                              active
                16 wordlist                   ellipsis :: omission of words from a text
                                                                                              enervate :: weaken
duration :: length of time something lasts
                                              elliptical :: oval; ambiguous, either
                                              purposely or because key words have been        enfranchise :: admit to the rights of
duress :: forcible restraint, especially                                                      citizenship (especially the right to vote)
unlawfully                                    left out

                                              eloquence :: expressiveness; persuasive         engage :: attract; hire; pledge oneself;
dutiful :: respectful; obedient                                                               confront
                                              speech
dwindle :: shrink; reduce                                                                     engaging :: charming; attractive
                                              elucidate :: explain; enlighten
dynamic :: energetic; vigorously active                                                       engender :: cause; produce
                                              elusive :: evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
dyspeptic :: suffering from indigestion                                                       engross :: occupy fully
                                              elysian :: relating to paradise; blissful
earthy :: unrefined; coarse                                                                   enhance :: increase; improve
                                              emaciated :: thin and wasted
ebb :: recede; lessen                                                                         enigma :: puzzle; mystery
                                              emanate :: issue forth
ebullient :: showing excitement;                                                              enigmatic :: obscure; puzzling
                                              emancipate :: set free
overflowing with enthusiasm
                                              embargo :: ban on commerce or other             enjoin :: command; order; *forbid*
eccentric :: irregular; odd; whimsical;
                                              activity
bizarre                                                                                       enmity :: ill will; hatred
                                              embark :: commence; go on board a boat;
eccentricity :: oddity; idiosyncrasy                                                          ennui :: boredom
                                              begin a journey
ecclesiastic :: pertaining to the church                                                      enormity :: hugeness (in a bad sense)
                                              embed :: enclose; place in something
eclectic :: selective; composed of elements                                                   enrapture :: please intensely
                                              embellish :: adorn; ornament; enhance, as
drawn from disparate sources
                                              a story
ensconce :: settle comfortably                 erratic :: odd; unpredictable                 exemplify :: show by example; furnish an
                                                                                             example
ensue :: follow                                erroneous :: mistaken; wrong
                                                                                             exempt :: not subject to a duty or
entail :: require; necessitate; involve        erudite :: learned; scholarly                 obligation

enterprising :: full of initiative             escapade :: prank; flighty conduct            exertion :: effort; expenditure of much
                                                                                             physical work
enthanasia :: mercy killing                    eschew :: avoid
                                                                                             exhilarating :: invigorating and refreshing;
enthrall :: capture; enslave                   esoteric :: hard to understand; known only    cheering
                                               to the chosen few
entice :: lure; attract; tempt                                                               exhort :: to urge earnestly by advice,
                                               espionage :: spying                           warning, etc. (to do what is proper or
entity :: real being
                                                                                             required); admonish strongly
                                               espouse :: adopt; support
entomology :: study of insects
                                                                                             exhume :: dig out of the ground; remove
                                               esteem :: respect; value
entrance :: put under a spell; carry away                                                    from the grave
with emotion                                   estranged :: separated; alienated
                                                                                             exigency :: urgent situation
entreat :: plead; ask earnestly                ethereal :: light; heavenly; unusually
                                                                                             exiguous :: small; minute
                                               refined
entrée :: entrance; a way in
                                                                                             existential :: pertaining to existence;
                                               ethnic :: relating to races
entrepreneur :: businessperson; contractor                                                   pertaining to the philosophy of
                                               ethnology :: study of humankind               existentialism
enumerate :: list; mention one by one
                                               ethos :: underlying character of a culture,   exodus :: departure
enunciate :: utter or speak, especially        group, etc
distinctly                                                                                   exonerate :: acquit; exculpate
                                               etymology :: study of word parts
environ :: enclose; surround                                                                 exorbitant :: excessive
                                               eugenic :: pertaining to the improvement
eon :: long period of time; an age                                                           exorcise :: drive out evil spirits
                                               of race through the control of hereditary
                                               factors in mating                             exotic :: not native; strange
epaulet :: ornament worn on the shoulder
(of a uniform, etc.)                           eulogistic :: praising                        expansive :: *outgoing and sociable*;
ephemeral :: short-lived; fleeting                                                           broad and extensive; able to increase in
                                                              18 wordlist                    size
epic :: long heroic poem, novel, or similar    eulogy :: expression of praise, often on the
work of art                                                                                 expatiate :: talk at length
                                               occasion of someone's death
epicure :: connoisseur of food and drink                                                     expatriate :: exile; someone who has
                                               euphemism :: mild expression in place of
                                                                                             withdrawn form his native land
                                               unpleasant one
epigram :: witty thought or saying, usually
short                                                                                        expedient :: suitable; practical; politic
                                               euphony :: sweet sound
epilogue :: short speech at conclusion of                                                    expedite :: hasten
                                               euphoria :: feeling of exaggerated (or
dramatic work                                  unfounded) well-being                         expenditure :: payment or expense;
episodic :: loosely connected                                                                *output*
                                               evanescent :: fleeting; vanishing
epistemologist :: philosopher who studies                                                    expertise :: specialized knowledge; expert
                                               evasive :: not frank; eluding
the nature of knowledge                                                                      skill
                                               evenhanded :: impartial; fair
epitaph :: inscription in memory of a dead                                                   expiate :: make amends for (a sin)
person                                         evince :: show clearly
                                                                                             expletive :: interjection; profane oath
epithet :: word or phrase characteristically   evocative :: tending to call up (emotions,
                                                                                             explicate :: explain; interpret; clarify
used to describe a person or thing             memories)
                                                                                             explicit :: totally clear; definite; outspoken
epitome :: perfect example or embodiment evoke :: call forth
                                                                                             exploit :: make use of, sometimes unjustly
epoch :: the beginning of a new and            ewe :: female sheep
important period in the history of                                                           expository :: explanatory; serving to
anything; period of time                       exacerbate :: worsen; embitter
                                                                                             explain
equable :: tranquil; steady; uniform           exacting :: extremely demanding
                                                                                             expostulation :: protest; remonstrance
equanimity :: calmness of temperament;         exalt :: raise in rank or dignity; praise
                                                                                             exposure :: risk, particularly of being
composure                                                                                    exposed to disease or to the elements;
                                               exasperate :: vex
                                                                                             unmasking; act of laying something open
equestrian :: rider on horseback
                                               exceptionable :: objectionable
                                                                                             expropriate :: take possession of
equilibrium :: balance
                                               excerpt :: selected passage (written or
                                                                                             expunge :: cancel; remove
equine :: resembling a horse                   musical)
                                                                                             expurgate :: clean; remove offensive parts
equinox :: period of equal days and nights; exchequer :: treasury
                                                                                             of a book
the beginning of spring and autumn
                                            excise :: cut away; cut out
                                                                                             extant :: still in existence
equipoise :: balance; balancing force;
equilibrium                                 exclaim :: cry out suddenly
                                                                                             extemporaneous :: not planned;
                                               excoriate :: scold with biting harshness;     impromptu
equitable :: fair; impartial
                                               strip the skin off
                                                                                             extenuate :: weaken; mitigate
equity :: fairness; justice
                                               exculpate :: clear from blame
                                                                                             extirpate :: to pull up by the roots; root
equivocal :: ambiguous; intentionally
                                               execrable :: very bad                         out; to destroy or remove completely;
misleading
                                                                                             exterminate; abolish
equivocate :: lie; mislead; attempt to         execrate :: curse; express abhorrence for
                                                                                             extol :: praise; glorify
conceal the truth
                                               execute :: put into effect; carry out
                                                                                             extort :: wring from; get money by
erode :: eat away
                                               exegesis :: explanation, especially of        threats, etc.
erotic :: pertaining to passionate love        biblical passages
                                                                                             extradition :: handing over a person
errant :: wandering                            exemplary :: serving as a mode;               accused of crime to State where crime was
                                               outstanding                                   committed
extraneous :: not essential; superfluous        fecundity :: fertile; fruitfulness               flamboyant :: ornate

extrapolation :: projection; conjecture         feign :: pretend                                 flaunt :: display ostentatiously

extricate :: free; disentangle                  feint :: trick; shift; sham blow                 flay :: strip off skin; *plunder*; to criticize
                                                                                                 mercilessly
extrinsic :: external; not essential;           felicitous :: apt; suitable expressed; well
extraneous                                      chosen                                           fleck :: spot

extrovert :: person interested mostly in        felicity :: happiness; appropriateness (of a     fledgling :: inexperienced
external objects and actions                    remark, choice, etc.)
                                                                                                 fleece (n) :: wool coat of a sheep
extrude :: force or push out                    fell (adj.) :: cruel; deadly
                                                                                                 fleece (v) :: rob; plunder
exuberance :: overflowing abundance;            fell (v) :: cut or knock down; bring down
joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance;                 (with a missile)                                 flick :: light stroke as with a whip
lavishness
                                                felon :: person convicted of a grave crime       flinch :: hesitate; shrink
exude :: discharge; give forth
                                                feral :: not domestic; wild                                      20 wordlist
exult :: rejoice
                                                ferment :: agitation; commotion                  flippant :: lacking proper seriousness
fabricate :: build; lie
                                                ferret :: drive or hunt out hiding               flit :: fly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by
façade :: front (of building); superficial or
false appearance                                fervent :: ardent; hot                           floe :: mass of floating ice

facet :: small plane surface (of a gem); a      fervid :: ardent                                 flora :: plants of a region or era
side
                                                fervor :: glowing ardor; intensity of feeling    florid :: ruddy; reddish; flowery
facetious :: joking (often inappropriately);
humorous                                        fester :: rankle; produce irritation             flotsam :: drifting wreckage
                                                resentment
facile :: easily accomplished; ready or                                                          flounder :: struggle and thrash about;
fluent; *superficial*                           festive :: joyous; celebratory                   proceed clumsily or falter

facilitate :: help bring about; make less       fete :: honor at a festival; entertain (<-v)     flourish :: grow well; prosper; make
difficult                                       (n->) outdoor function to raise money for        sweeping gestures
                                                charity
facsimile :: copy                                                                                flout :: reject; mock
                                                fetid :: malodorous
faction :: small group with special aims                                                         fluctuate :: waver; shift
within the larger one; party; clique;           fetter :: shackle
                                                                                                 fluency :: smoothness of speech
dissension
                                                feud :: lasting mutual hostility especially
                                                between two families or groups                   fluke :: unlikely occurrence; stroke of
factious :: inclined to form factions;
                                                                                                 fortune
causing dissension
                                                fiasco :: total failure
                                                                                                 fluster :: confuse
factitious :: artificial; sham
                                                fiat :: command
                                                                                                 fluted :: having vertical parallel grooves
factotum :: handyman; person who does
                                                fickle :: changeable; faithless                  (as in a pillar)
all kinds of work
                                                fictitious :: imaginary                          flux :: flowing; series of changes
faculty :: mental or bodily powers;
teaching staff                                  fidelity :: loyalty                              fodder :: coarse food for cattle, horses, etc

                 19 wordlist                    figment :: invention; imaginary thing            foible :: weakness; slight fault

fallacious :: false; misleading                 figurative :: not literal, but metaphorical;     foil (n) :: *contrast*
                                                using a figure of speech
fallible :: liable to err                                                                        foil (v) :: defeat; frustrate
                                                figurine :: small ornamental statuette
fallow :: plowed but not sowed;                                                                  foist :: insert improperly; palm off
uncultivated                                    filch :: steal
                                                                                                 foliage :: masses of leaves
falter :: hesitate                              filial :: pertaining to a son or daughter
                                                                                                 foment :: stir up; instigate
fanaticism :: excessive zeal; extreme           filibuster :: block legislation by making
devotion to a belief or cause                   long speeches                                    foolhardy :: bold or daring in a foolish
                                                                                                 way; rash; reckless
fancied :: imagined; unreal                     filigree :: delicate, lacelike metalwork
                                                                                                 foppish :: vain (<-conceited, proud of )
fancier :: breeder or dealer of animals         filing :: particle removed by a file             about dress and appearance

fanciful :: whimsical; visionary                finale :: conclusion                             foray :: raid

fanfare :: call by bugles or trumpets;          finesse :: delicate skill                        forbearance :: patience
showy display
                                                finicky :: too particular; fussy                 ford :: place where a river can be crossed
farce :: broad comedy; mockery                                                                   on foot
                                                finite :: limited
fastidious :: difficult to please; squeamish                                                     forebears :: ancestors
                                                firebrand :: hothead; troublemaker
fatalism :: belief that events are                                                               foreboding :: premonition of evil
determined by forces beyond one's control       fissure :: crevice
                                                                                                 forensic :: suitable to debate or courts of
fathom :: comprehend; investigate               fitful :: spasmodic; intermittent                law

fatuous :: foolish; inane                       flaccid :: hanging in loose folds or             foreshadow :: give an indication
                                                wrinkles; flabby                                 beforehand; portend; prefigure
fauna :: animals of a period or region
                                                flag :: droop; grow feeble                       foresight :: ability to foresee future
fawning :: courting favor by cringing and                                                        happenings; prudence
flattering                                      flagrant :: conspicuously wicked; blatant;
                                                outrageous                                       forestall :: prevent by taking action in
faze :: disconcert; dismay                                                                       advance
                                                flail :: thresh grain by hand; strike or slap;
feasible :: practical                           toss about                                       forgo :: give up; do without
febrile :: feverish i.e having symptoms of      flair :: talent                                  forlorn :: sad and lonely; wretched
fever or 2) excited, restless
formality :: ceremonious quality;                  gaffe :: social blunder                        gerontocracy :: government ruled by old
something done just for form's sake                                                               people
                                                                  21 wordlist
formidable :: menacing; threatening                                                               gerrymander :: change voting district lines
                                                   gainsay :: deny                                in order to favor a political party
forsake :: desert; abandon; renounce
                                                   gait :: manner of walking or running;          gestate :: evolve, as in prenatal growth
forswear :: renounce; abandon                      speed
                                                                                                  gesticulation :: motion; gesture
forte :: strong point or special talent            galaxy :: large, isolated system of stars,
                                                   such as the Milky Way; a collection of         ghastly :: horrible
forthright :: straightforward; direct; frank       brilliant personalities
                                                                                                  gibberish :: nonsense; babbling
fortitude :: bravery; courage                      gale :: windstorm; gust of wind; emotional
                                                   outburst (laughter, tears)                     gibe :: mock
fortuitous :: accidental; by chance
                                                   gall (n) :: bitterness; nerve                  giddy :: light-hearted; dizzy
foster :: rear; encourage
                                                   gall (v) :: annoy; chafe                       gingerly :: very carefully
founder (n) :: person who establishes (an
organization, business)                            galleon :: large sailing ship. ( pinnace -->   girth :: distance around something;
                                                   small sailing ship)                            circumference
founder (v) :: *fail completely; sink*
                                                   galvanize :: stimulate by shock; stir up;      gist :: essence
fracas :: brawl, melee
                                                   revitalize
                                                                                                  glacial :: like a glacier; extremely cold
fractious :: unruly
                                                   gambit :: opening in chess in which a piece
                                                                                               glaring :: highly conspicuous; harshly
frail :: weak                                      is sacrificed
                                                                                               bright
franchise :: right granted by authority;           gambol :: romp; skip about; leap playfully
                                                                                                  glaze :: cover with a thin and shiny surface
right to vote; license to sell a product in a
                                                   gamely :: in a spirited manner; with
particular territory                                                                              glean :: gather leavings
                                                   courage
frantic :: wild                                                                                   glib :: fluent; facile; slick
                                                   gamut :: entire range
fraudulent :: cheating; deceitful                                                                 glimmer :: shine erratically; twinkle
                                                   gape :: open widely
fraught :: filled                                                                                 gloat :: express evil satisfaction; view
                                                   garbled :: mixed up; jumbled; distorted
                                                                                                  malevolently
fray :: a noisy quarrel or fight; brawl
                                                   gargantuan :: huge; enormous
                                                                                                  gloss over :: explain away
frenetic :: frenzied; frantic
                                                   gargoyle :: waterspout carved in
                                                                                                  glossary :: brief explanation of words used
fresco :: painting on plaster (usually fresh)      grotesque figures on a building
                                                                                                  in the text

fret :: to be annoyed or vexed                     garish :: over bright in color; gaudy
                                                                                                  glossy :: smooth and shining

friction :: *clash in opinion*; rubbing            garner :: gather; store up
                                                                                                  glower :: to stare with sullen anger; scowl
against
                                                   garnish :: decorate
                                                                                                  glut :: overstock; fill to excess
frieze :: ornamental band on a wall
                                                   garrulous :: loquacious; wordy; talkative
                                                                                                  glutinous :: sticky; viscous
frigid :: intensely cold
                                                   gastronomy :: science of preparing and
                                                                                                  glutton :: someone who eats too much
fritter :: waste                                   serving good food
                                                                                                  gnarled :: twisted
frivolous :: lacking in seriousness; self-         gauche :: clumsy; coarse and uncouth
indulgently carefree; relatively                                                                  gnome :: dwarf; underground spirit
                                                   gaudy :: flashy; showy
unimportant
                                                                                                  goad :: urge on
                                                   gaunt :: lean and angular; barren
frolicsome :: prankish; gay
                                                                                                  gorge (n) :: narrow canyon; steep, rocky
                                                   gavel :: hammer like tool; mallet
frond :: fern leaf; palm or banana leaf                                                           cleft
                                                   gawk :: stare foolishly; look in open-
fructify :: bear fruit; fulfillment; realization                                                  gorge (v) :: stuff oneself
                                                   mouthed awe
frugality :: thrift; economy                                                                      gory :: bloody
                                                   gazette :: official periodical publication
fruition :: bearing of fruit; fulfillment;                                                        gossamer :: sheer; like cobwebs
                                                   genealogy :: record of descent; lineage
realization
                                                   generality :: vague statement                                   22 wordlist
frustrate :: thwart; defeat
                                                   generate :: cause; produce; create             gouge :: 1) tear out 2) overcharge
fugitive :: fleeting or transitory; roving
                                                   generic :: characteristic of an entire class   gourmand :: epicure; person who takes
fulcrum :: support on which a lever rests                                                         excessive pleasure in food and drink
                                                   or species
fulminate :: thunder; explode                                                                     gourmet :: connoisseur of food and drink
                                                   genesis :: beginning; origin
fulsome :: disgustingly excessive                                                                 graduated :: arranged by degrees (of
                                                   geniality :: cheerfulness; kindliness;
                                                   sympathy                                       height, difficulty, etc.)
functionary :: official
                                                   genre :: particular variety of art or          granary :: storehouse for grain
fundamental :: basic; primary; essential
                                                   literature
                                                                                                  grandeur :: impressiveness; stateliness;
funereal :: sad; solemn                                                                           majesty
                                                   genteel :: well-bred; elegant
furor :: frenzy; great excitement                                                                 grandiloquent :: pompous; bombastic;
                                                   gentility :: those of gentle birth;
                                                   refinement                                     using high-sounding language
furtive :: secret or surreptitious behaviour;
stealthy; sneaky                                                                                  grandiose :: pretentious; high-flown;
                                                   gentry :: people of standing; class of
                                                   people just below nobility                     ridiculously exaggerated; impressive
fusillade :: simultaneous firing or outburst
(of missiles, questions, etc.)                                                                    granulate :: form into grains
                                                   genuflect :: bend the knees as in worship
fusion :: union; coalition                                                                        graphic :: pertaining to the art of
                                                   germane :: pertinent; bearing upon the
                                                   case at hand                                   delineating; vividly described
futile :: useless; hopeless; ineffectual

                                                   germinal :: pertaining to a germ; creative     grapple :: wrestle; come to grips with
gadfly :: animal-biting fly; an irritating fly;
an irritating person
                                                   germinate :: cause to sprout
grate :: make a harsh noise; having an          harbinger :: forerunner; indication             homage :: honor; tribute
unpleasant effect; shred
                                                harbor :: provide a refuge for; hide            homeostasis :: tendency of a system to
gratify :: please                                                                               maintain relative stability
                                                hardy :: sturdy; robust; able to stand
gratis :: free                                  inclement weather                               homespun :: domestic; made at home

gratuitous :: given freely; unwarranted;        harping :: tiresome dwelling on a subject       homily :: sermon; serious warning
uncalled for
                                                harrowing :: agonizing; distressing;            homogeneous :: of the same kind
gratuity :: tip                                 traumatic
                                                                                                hone :: sharpen
gravity :: seriousness                          harry :: harass, annoy, torment; raid
                                                                                                hoodwink :: deceive; delude
gregarious :: sociable                          hatch :: deck opening; lid covering a deck
                                                opening                                         horde :: crowd
grievance :: cause of complaint
                                                haughtiness :: pride; arrogance                 hortatory :: encouraging; exhortive
grill :: question severely
                                                haven :: place of safety; refuge                horticulture :: pertaining to cultivation of
grimace :: a facial distortion to show                                                          gardens
feeling such as pain, disgust, etc.             hazardous :: dangerous
                                                                                                hostility :: unfriendliness; hatred
grin :: smile broadly, showing teeth            hazy :: slightly obscure
                                                                                                hovel :: shack; small, wretched house
grisly :: ghastly                               headlong :: hasty; rash
                                                                                                hover :: hang about; wait nearby
grotesque :: fantastic; comically hideous       headstrong :: stubborn; willful; unyielding
                                                                                                hubbub :: confused uproar
grotto :: small cavern                          heckler :: person who verbally harasses
                                                others                                          hubris :: arrogance; excessive self-conceit
grouse :: complain; fuss
                                                hedonist :: one who believes that pleasure      hue :: color; aspect
grovel :: crawl or creep on ground; remain      is the sole aim in life
prostrate                                                                                       hue and cry :: outcry
                                                heedless :: not noticing; disregarding
grudging :: unwilling; reluctant; stingy                                                        humane :: marked by kindness or
                                                hegemony :: dominance, especially of one        consideration
gruel :: thin, liquid porridge                  nation over others
                                                                                                humdrum :: dull; monotonous
grueling :: exhausting                          heinous :: atrocious; hatefully bad
                                                                                                humid :: damp
gruesome :: grisly; horrible                    herbivorous :: grain-eating
                                                                                                humility :: humbleness of spirit
gruff :: rough-mannered                         heresy :: opinion contrary to popular
                                                belief; opinion contrary to accepted            hummock :: small hill
guffaw :: boisterous laughter                   religion
                                                                                                humus :: substance formed by decaying
guile :: deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning   hermetic :: 1) sealed by fusion so as to be     vegetable matter
                                                airtight 2) obscure and mysterious; occult
guileless :: without deceit                                                                     hurtle :: crash; rush; to move swiftly and
                                                hermitage :: home of a hermit                   with great force
guise :: appearance; costume
                                                herpetologist :: one who studies reptiles       husband (v) :: use sparingly; conserve;
gull :: trick; hoodwink                                                                         save
                                                heterodox :: unorthodox; unconventional
gullible :: easily deceived                                                                     husbandry :: frugality; thrift; agriculture
                                                heterogeneous :: dissimilar; mixed
gustatory :: affecting the sense of taste                                                       hybrid :: mongrel (<-- crossbred); mixed
                                                hew :: cut to pieces with ax or sword           breed
gusto :: enjoyment; enthusiasm
                                                heyday :: time of greatest success; prime       hydrophobia :: fear of water; rabies
gusty :: windy
                                                hiatus :: gap; pause                            hyperbole :: exaggeration; overstatement
guy :: a rope, chain, or rod attached to
something to steady or guide it                                                                 hypercritical :: excessively exacting
                                                                23 wordlist
gyroscope :: apparatus used to maintain                                                         hypochondriac :: person unduly worried
                                                hibernal :: wintry
balance, ascertain direction, etc                                                               about his health; worrier without cause
                                                hibernate :: sleep throughout the winter        about illness
habituate :: accustom or familiarize; addict
                                                hierarchy :: arrangement by rank or             hypocritical :: pretending to be virtuous;
hackles :: hairs on back and neck,                                                              deceiving
                                                standing; authoritarian body divided into
especially of a dog
                                                ranks
                                                                                                hypothetical :: based on assumptions or
hackneyed :: commonplace; trite                                                                 hypotheses; supposed
                                                hieroglyphic :: picture writing
haggard :: wasted away; gaunt                                                                   ichthyology :: study of fish
                                                hilarity (adj.) hilarious :: boisterous mirth
haggle :: argue about price                                                                     icon :: religious image; idol
                                                hindmost :: furthest behind
halcyon :: calm; peaceful                                                                       iconoclastic :: attacking cherished
                                                hindrance :: block; obstacle
                                                                                                traditions
hale :: healthy
                                                hinterlands :: back country
                                                                                                ideology :: system of ideas characteristic
hallowed :: blessed; consecrated
                                                hireling :: one who serves for hire (usually    of a group or culture
hallucination :: delusion                       used contemptuously)
                                                                                                idiom :: expression whose meaning as a
halting :: hesitant; faltering                  hirsute :: hairy                                whole differs from the meanings of its
                                                                                                individual words; distinctive style
hamper :: obstruct                              histrionic :: theatrical
                                                                                                idiosyncrasy :: individual trait, usually odd
hap :: chance; luck                             hoard :: stockpile; accumulate for future       in nature; eccentricity
                                                use
haphazard :: random; by chance                                                                  idolatry :: worship of idols; excessive
                                                hoary :: white with age                         admiration
hapless :: unfortunate
                                                hoax :: trick; practical joke                   idyllic :: charmingly carefree; simple
harangue :: long, passionate, and
vehement speech                                 holocaust :: destruction by fire                igneous :: produced by fire; volcanic

harass :: annoy by repeated attacks             holster :: pistol case                          ignite :: kindle; light
ignoble :: unworthy; not noble                impertinent :: 1) having no connection        inaugurate :: begin formally; install in
                                              with a given matter; 2) insolent; rude        office
ignominy :: deep disgrace; shame or
dishonor                                      imperturbable :: calm; placid                 incandescent :: strikingly bright; shining
                                                                                            with intense heat
illicit :: illegal                            impervious :: impenetrable; *incapable of
                                              being damaged or distressed*                  incantation :: singing or chanting of magic
illimitable :: infinite                                                                     spells; magical formula
                                              impetuous :: violent; hasty; rash
illuminate :: brighten; clear up or make                                                    incapacitate :: disable
understandable; enlighten                     impetus :: moving force; incentive;
                                              stimulus                                      incarcerate :: imprison
illusion :: misleading vision
                                              impiety :: irreverence; lack of respect for   incarnate :: endowed with flesh;
illusive :: deceiving                         God                                           personified
illusory :: deceptive; not real               impinge :: 1) infringe; 2) touch; collide     incarnation :: act of assuming a human
                                              with                                          body and human nature
imbalance :: lack of balance or symmetry;
disproportion                                 impious :: irreverent                         incendiary :: having to do with the willful
                                                                                            destruction of property by fire; arsonist
imbecility :: weakness of mind                implacable :: incapable of being pacified
                                                                                            incense :: 1) --- sticks 2) enrage; infuriate
imbibe :: drink in                            implausible :: unlikely; unbelievable
                                                                                            incentive :: spur; motive
imbroglio :: complicated situation; painful   implement :: put into effect; supply with
or complex misunderstanding;                  tools                                         inception :: start; beginning
entanglement; confused mass (as of
papers)                                       implicate :: incriminate; show to be          incessant :: uninterrupted; unceasing
                                              involved
imbue :: saturate, fill                                                                                    25 wordlist
                                              implication :: something hinted at or
                     24 wordlist              suggested                                     inchoate :: recently begun; rudimentary;
                                                                                            elementary
immaculate :: spotless; flawless;             implicit :: understood but not stated
absolutely clean                                                                            incidence :: rate of occurrence; particular
                                              implode :: burst inward                       occurrence
imminent :: near at hand; impending
                                              implore :: beg                                incidental :: not essential; minor
immobility :: state of being immovable
                                              imply :: suggest a meaning not expressed;     incipient :: beginning; in an early stage
immolate :: offer as a sacrifice              signify
                                                                                            incisive :: cutting; sharp
immune :: resistant to; free or exempt        impolitic :: not wise
from                                                                                        incite :: arouse to action; goad; motivate;
                                              imponderable :: weightless                    induce to exist
immure :: imprison; shut up in
confinement                                   import :: significance                        inclement :: stormy; unkind

immutable :: unchangeable                     importunate :: urging; demanding              incline :: slope; slant

impair :: injure; hurt                        importune :: beg persistently                 inclined :: tending or leaning toward; bent

impale :: pierce                              imposture :: assuming a false identity;       inclusive :: tending to include all
                                              masquerade
impalpable :: imperceptible; intangible                                                     incognito :: with identity concealed; using
                                              impotent :: weak; ineffective                 an assumed name
impartial :: not biased; fair
                                              imprecation :: curse                          incoherent :: unintelligible; muddled;
impassable :: not able to be traveled or                                                    illogical
crossed                                       impregnable :: invulnerable
                                                                                            incommodious :: not spacious;
impasse :: predicament from which there       impromptu :: without previous                 inconvenient
is no escape                                  preparation; off the cuff; on the spur of
                                              the moment                                    incompatible :: inharmonious
impassive :: without feeling;
imperturbable; stoical                        impropriety :: improperness;                  incongruity :: lack or harmony; absurdity
                                              unsuitableness
impeach :: charge with crime in office;                                                     inconsequential :: insignificant;
indict                                        improvident :: thriftless                     unimportant

impeccable :: faultless                       improvise :: compose on the spur of the       inconsistency :: state of being self-
                                              moment                                        contradictory; lack of uniformity or
impecunious :: without money                                                                steadiness
                                              imprudent :: lacking caution; injudicious
impede :: hinder; block                                                                     incontinent :: lacking self-restraint;
                                              impudence :: impertinence; insolence          licentious
impediment :: hindrance; stumbling-block
                                              impugn :: dispute or contradict (often in     incontrovertible :: indisputable; not open
impel :: drive or force onward                an insulting way); challenge; gainsay         to question
impending :: nearing; approaching             impuissance :: powerlessness; feebleness      incorporate :: introduce something into a
                                                                                            larger whole; combine; unite
impenetrable :: not able to be pierced or     impunity :: freedom from punishment or
entered; beyond understanding                 harm                                          incorporeal :: lacking a material body;
                                                                                            insubstantial
impenitent :: not repentant                   impute :: *attribute; ascribe*
                                                                                            incorrigible :: uncorrectable
imperative :: absolutely necessary;           inadvertently :: unintentionally; by
critically important                          oversight; carelessly                         incredulity :: a tendency to disbelief
imperceptible :: unnoticeable;                inalienable :: not to be taken away;          incredulous :: withholding belief; skeptical
undetectable                                  nontransferable
                                                                                            increment :: increase
imperial :: like an emperor; related to an    inane :: silly; senseless
empire                                                                                      incriminate :: accuse; serve as evidence
                                              inanimate :: lifeless                         against
imperious :: domineering; haughty
                                              inarticulate :: speechless; producing         incrustation :: hard coating or crust
impermeable :: impervious; not permitting     indistinct speech
passage through its substance                                                               incubate :: hatch; *scheme*
incubus :: burden; mental care; nightmare       infernal :: pertaining to hell; devilish        instigate :: urge; start; provoke

inculcate :: teach                              infidel :: unbeliever                           insubordination :: disobedience;
                                                                                                rebelliousness
incumbent :: obligatory; currently holding      infiltrate :: pass into or through; penetrate
an office                                       (an organization) sneakily                      insubstantial :: lacking substance;
                                                                                                insignificant; frail
incur :: bring upon oneself                     infinitesimal :: very small
                                                                                                insularity :: narrow-mindedness; isolation
incursion :: temporary invasion                 infirmity :: weakness
                                                                                                insuperable :: insurmountable; unbeatable
indefatigable :: tireless                       inflated :: exaggerated; pompous;
                                                enlarged (with air or gas)                      insurgent :: rebellious
indelible :: not able to be erased
                                                influx :: flowing into                          insurmountable :: overwhelming;
indemnify :: make secure against loss;                                                          unbeatable; insuperable
compensate for loss                             infraction :: violation (of a rule or
                                                regulation); breach                             insurrection :: rebellion; uprising
indentation :: notch; deep recess
                                                                  26 wordlist                   intangible :: not able to be perceived by
indenture :: sealed agreement, esp.                                                             touch; *vague*
binding apprentice to master; bind in in---     infringe :: violate; encroach
es                                                                                              integral :: complete; necessary for
                                                ingenious :: clever; resourceful                completeness
indeterminate :: uncertain; not clearly
fixed; indefinite                               ingenious (2) :: naïve and trusting; young;     integrate :: make whole; combine; make
                                                unsophisticated                                 into one unit
indicative :: suggestive, implying
                                                ingrained :: deeply established; firmly         integrity :: uprightness; wholeness
indices :: signs; indications                   rooted
                                                                                                intellect :: higher mental powers
indict :: accuse (esp. by legal process);       ingrate :: ungrateful person
charge                                                                                          intelligentsia :: intellectuals; members of
                                                ingratiate :: become popular with               the educated elite [often used
indifferent :: unmoved or unconcerned by;                                                       derogatorily]
mediocre                                        inherent :: firmly established by nature or
                                                habit                                           inter :: bury
indigence :: poverty
                                                inhibit :: restrain; retard or prevent          interdict :: prohibit; forbid
indigenous :: native
                                                inimical :: unfriendly; hostile; harmful;       interim :: meantime
indigent :: poor; destitute                     detrimental
                                                                                                interloper :: intruder
indignation :: anger at an injustice            inimitable :: matchless; not able to be
                                                imitated                                        interminable :: endless
indignity :: offensive or insulting treatment
                                                iniquitous :: wicked; immoral; unrighteous      intermittent :: periodic; on and off
indiscriminate :: choosing at random;
confused                                        initiate :: begin; originate; receive into a    internecine :: mutually destructive
                                                group
indisputable :: too certain to be disputed                                                      interpolate :: insert between
                                                injurious :: harmful
indissoluble :: permanent                                                                       interregnum :: period between two reigns
                                                inkling :: hint
indite :: write; compose                                                                        interrogate :: question closely; cross-
                                                innate :: inborn                                examine
indolent :: lazy
                                                innocuous :: harmless                           intervene :: come between
indomitable :: unconquerable; unyielding
                                                innovation :: change; introduction of           intimate :: hint
indubitable :: unable to be doubted;            something new
unquestionable                                                                                  intimidate :: frighten
                                                innuendo :: hint; insinuation
induce :: persuade; bring about                                                                 intractable :: unruly; stubborn; unyielding
                                                inopportune :: untimely; poorly chosen
inductive :: pertaining to induction or                                                         intransigence :: refusal of any
proceeding from the specific to the general     inordinate :: unrestrained; excessive           compromise; stubbornness

indulgent :: humoring; yielding; lenient        inquisitor :: questioner (especially harsh);    intrepid :: not afraid; bold; fearless;
                                                investigator                                    dauntless; very brave
industrious :: diligent; hard-working
                                                insalubrious :: unwholesome; not healthful      intrinsic :: essential; inherent; built-in
inebriated :: habitually intoxicated; drunk
                                                insatiable :: not easily satisfied;             introspective :: looking within oneself
ineffable :: unutterable; cannot be             unquenchable; greedy
expressed in speech                                                                             introvert :: one who is introspective;
                                                inscrutable :: impenetrable; not readily        inclined to think more about oneself
ineffectual :: not effective; weak              understood; mysterious
                                                                                                intrude :: trespass; enter as an uninvited
ineluctable :: inevitable; not to be escaped    insensate :: without feeling                    person
inept :: lacking skill; unsuited;               insensible :: unconscious; unresponsive;        intuition :: immediate insight; power of
incompetent                                     lacking feeling                                 knowing without reasoning

inequity :: unfairness                          insidious :: treacherous; stealthy; sly         inundate :: overwhelm; flood; submerge
inerrancy :: infallibility                      insightful :: discerning; perceptive            inured :: accustomed; hardened

inert :: inactive; lacking power to move        insinuate :: hint; imply; creep in              invalidate :: weaken; destroy

inevitable :: unavoidable                       insipid :: lacking in flavor; dull              invective :: abuse; verbal attack
inexorable :: relentless; unyielding;           insolence :: impudent disrespect;               inveigh :: denounce; utter censure or
implacable                                      haughtiness                                     invective

infallible :: unerring                          insolvent :: bankrupt; lacking money to         inveigle :: entice; tempt (into)
                                                pay
infamous :: notoriously bad                                                                     inverse :: opposite
                                                insomnia :: wakefulness; inability to sleep
infantile :: childish; infant like                                                              invert :: turn upside down or inside out
                                                insouciant :: indifferent; without concern
infer :: deduce; conclude
                                                or care
                 27 wordlist                   jostle :: shove; bump; to push roughly or       lampoon :: ridicule
                                               hastily
inveterate :: deep-rooted; habitual                                                            lancet :: small surgical tool for making
                                               jovial :: good-natured; merry                   incisions
invidious :: designed to create ill will or
envy                                           jubilation :: rejoicing                         languid :: weary; sluggish; listless

invincible :: unconquerable                    judicious :: sound in judgment; wise            languish :: lose animation or strength

inviolable :: secure from corruption,          juggernaut :: irresistible crushing force       languor :: lassitude; depression
attack, or violation; unassailable
                                               juncture :: crisis; joining point               lank :: long and thin
invocation :: prayer for help; calling upon
as reference or support                        junket :: trip, especially one taken for        lap :: take in food or drink with one's
                                               pleasure by an official at public expense       tongue; splash gently
invoke :: call upon; ask for
                                               junta :: group of persons joined in political   larceny :: theft
invulnerable :: incapable of injury            intrigue; cabal
                                                                                               larder :: pantry; place where food is kept
iota :: very small quantity                    jurisprudence :: science of law
                                                                                               largess :: generous gift
irascible :: irritable; easily angered         justification :: good or just reason;
                                               defense; excuse                                 lascivious :: lustful
irate :: angry
                                               juxtapose :: place side by side                 lassitude :: languor; weariness;
iridescent :: exhibiting rainbowlike colors                                                    disinclination to exert or interest oneself
                                               kaleidoscope :: tube in which patterns
irksome :: annoying; tedious                   made by the reflection in mirrors of            latent :: potential but undeveloped;
                                               colored pieces of glass, etc., produce          dormant; hidden
ironic :: occurring in an unexpected and       interesting symmetrical effects
contrary manner                                                                                lateral :: coming from the side
                                               ken :: range of knowledge
irony :: hidden sarcasm or satire; use of                                                      latitude :: freedom from narrow limitations
words that seem to mean the opposite of        kernel :: central or vital part; whole seed;
what they actually mean                        (as of corn)                                    laud :: praise

irreconcilable :: incompatible; not able to    killjoy :: grouch; spoilsport                   lavish :: liberal; wasteful
be resolved
                                               kindle :: start a fire; inspire                 lax :: careless
irrefutable :: indisputable;
                                               kindred :: related; similar in nature or        leaven :: cause to rise or grow lighter;
incontrovertible; undeniable
                                               character                                       enliven
irrelevant :: not applicable; unrelated
                                               kinetic :: producing motion                     lechery :: gross lewdness; lustfulness
irremediable :: incurable; uncorrectable
                                               kismet :: fate                                  lectern :: reading desk
irreparable :: not able to be corrected or
                                               kleptomaniac :: person who has a                leery :: suspicious; cautious
repaired
                                               compulsive desire to steal
                                                                                               leeway :: room to move; margin
irrepressible :: unable to be restrained or
held back                                      knave :: untrustworthy person; rogue;
                                                                                               legacy :: a gift made by a will
                                               scoundrel
irreproachable :: blameless; impeccable                                                        legend :: explanatory list of symbols on a
                                               knead :: mix; work dough
                                                                                               map
irresolute :: uncertain how to act; weak
                                               knell :: tolling of a bell, especially to
                                                                                               legerdemain :: sleight of hand
irretrievable :: impossible to recover or      indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of
regain; irreparable                            the funeral bell                                leniency :: mildness; permissiveness
irreverence :: lack of proper respect          knit :: contract into wrinkles; grow            leonine :: like a lion
                                               together, as a broken bone
irrevocable :: unalterable; irreversible                                                       lethal :: deadly
                                               knoll :: little, round hill
isotope :: varying form of an element                                                          lethargic :: drowsy; dull
                                               knotty :: intricate; difficult; tangled
isthmus :: narrow neck of land connecting                                                      levee :: earthen or stone embankment to
two larger bodies of land                      kudos :: honor; glory; praise                   prevent flooding
itinerary :: plan of a trip                    labile :: likely to change; unstable            levitate :: float in the air (especially by
                                                                                               magical means)
jabber :: chatter rapidly or unintelligibly    laborious :: demanding much work or
                                               care; tedious                                   levity :: lack of seriousness or steadiness;
jaded :: fatigued; surfeited
                                                                                               frivolity
                                               labyrinth :: maze
jargon :: language used by special group;
                                                                                               levy :: impose (a fine); collect (a
technical terminology; gibberish               laceration :: torn, ragged wound
                                                                                               payment)
jaundiced :: *prejudiced* (envious,            lachrymose :: producing tears
                                                                                               lewd :: lustful
hostile, or resentful); yellowed
                                               lackadaisical :: lacking purpose or zest;
                                                                                               lexicographer :: compiler of a dictionary
jaunt :: trip; short journey                   halfhearted; languid
                                                                                               lexicon :: dictionary
jaunty :: lighthearted; animated; easy and     lackluster :: dull
carefree                                                                                       liability :: drawback; debts
                                               laconic :: brief and to the point
jeopardize :: endanger; imperil; put at risk                                                   liaison :: contact that keeps parties in
                                               laggard :: slow; sluggish
                                                                                               communication; go-between; secret love
jettison :: throw overboard
                                                                                               affair
                                                                28 wordlist
jibe :: agree; be in harmony with
                                                                                               libel (adj.->) libelous) :: defamatory
                                               lagoon :: shallow body of water near a
jingoist :: extremely aggressive and                                                           statement; act of writing something that
                                               sea; lake
militant patriot; warlike chauvinist                                                           smears a person's character
                                               laity :: laypersons; persons not connected
jocose :: given to joking                                                                      libertine :: debauched person, roué
                                               with the clergy

jocular :: said or done in jest                                                                libidinous :: lustful
                                               lambaste :: beat; thrash verbally or
                                               physically                                      libido :: emotional urges behind human
jocund :: merry
                                                                                               activity
                                               lament :: grieve; express sorrow
jollity :: gaiety; cheerfulness
                                                                                               libretto :: text of an opera
licentious :: amoral; lewd and lascivious;    lurk :: stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist   manifold :: numerous; varied
unrestrained                                  unperceived
                                                                                                manipulate :: operate with one's hands;
lien :: legal claim on a property             luscious :: pleasing to taste or smell            control or play upon (people, forces, etc.)
                                                                                                artfully
ligneous :: like wood                         luster :: shine; gloss
                                                                                                mannered :: affected; not natural
lilliputian :: extremely small                lustrous :: shining
                                                                                                manumit :: emancipate; free from
limbo :: region near heaven or hell where     luxuriant :: abundant; rich and splendid;         bondage
certain souls are kept; a prison (slang)      fertile
                                                                                                marital :: pertaining to marriage
limn :: draw; outline; describe               macabre :: gruesome; grisly
                                                                                          maritime :: bordering on the sea; nautical
limpid :: clear                               mace :: ceremonial staff; clublike medieval
                                              weapon                                      marked :: noticeable; targeted for
lineage :: descent; ancestry                                                              vengeance
                                              macerate :: soften by soaking in liquid;
lineaments :: feature, especially of the      waste away                                  marred :: damaged; disfigured
face
                                              Machiavellian :: crafty; double-dealing           marshal :: put in order
linger :: loiter or dawdle; continue or
persist                                       machinations :: evil schemes or plots             marsupial :: one of a family of mammals
                                                                                                that nurse their offspring in a pouch
linguistic :: pertaining to language          maculated :: spotted; stained
                                                                                                martial :: warlike
lionize :: treat as a celebrity               madrigal :: pastoral song
                                                                                                martinet :: strict disciplinarian
liquidate :: settle accounts; clear up        maelstrom :: whirlpool
                                                                                                martyr :: one who voluntarily suffers death
list :: tilt; lean over                       magisterial :: authoritative; imperious           for his or her religion or cause; great
                                                                                                sufferer
listless :: lacking in spirit or energy       magnanimity :: generosity
                                                                                                masochist :: person who enjoys his own
litany :: supplicatory prayer                 magnate :: person of prominence or                pain
                                              influence
lithe :: flexible; supple                                                                       masticate :: chew
                                              magniloquent :: boastful, pompous
litigation :: lawsuit                                                                           materialism :: preoccupation with physical
                                              magnitude :: greatness; extent                    comforts and things
litotes :: understatement for emphasis
                                              maim :: mutilate; injure                          maternal :: motherly
livid :: lead-colored; black and blue;
ashen; enraged                                maladroit :: clumsy; bungling                     matriarch :: woman who rules a family or
                                                                                                larger social group
loath :: reluctant; disinclined               malady :: illness
                                                                                                matriculate :: enroll (in college or graduate
loathe :: detest                              malaise :: uneasiness; vague feeling of ill
                                                                                                school)
                                              health
lode :: metal-bearing vein
                                                                                                matrix :: *point of origin*; array of
                                              malapropism :: comic misuse of a word
lofty :: very high                                                                              numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die
                                              malcontent :: person dissatisfied with
log :: record of a voyage or flight; record                                                     maudlin :: effusively sentimental
                                              existing state of affairs
of day-to-day activities
                                                                                                maul :: handle roughly
                                              malediction :: curse
loiter :: hang around; linger
                                              malefactor :: evildoer; criminal                                 30 wordlist
loll :: lounge about
                                              malevolent :: wishing evil                        mausoleum :: monumental tomb
longevity :: long life
                                              malfeasance :: wrongdoing                         mauve :: pale purple
loom :: appear or take shape (usually in
an enlarged or distorted form)                malicious :: hateful; spiteful                    maverick :: rebel; nonconformist a person
                                                                                                who takes an independent stand, as in
loquacious :: talkative                       malign :: speak evil of; bad-mouth;               politics, refusing to conform to that of a
                                              defame                                            party or group
                  29 wordlist
                                              malignant :: injurious; tending to cause          mawkish :: mushy and gushy; icky-sticky
lout :: clumsy person                         death; aggressively malevolent                    sentimental; maudlin

low :: moo                                    malingerer :: one who feigns illness to           maxim :: proverb; a truth pithily stated
                                              escape duty
lucid :: easily understood; clear;                                                              mayhem :: injury to body; any deliberate
intelligible                                  malleable :: capable of being shaped by           destruction or violence
                                              pounding; impressionable
lucrative :: profitable                                                                         meager :: scanty; inadequate
                                              malodorous :: foul-smelling
lucre :: money                                                                                  mealy-mouthed :: indirect in speech;
                                              mammal :: vertebrate animal whose                 hypocritical; evasive
ludicrous :: laughable; trifling              female suckles its young
                                                                                                meander :: wind or turn in its course
lugubrious :: mournful                        mammoth :: gigantic; enormous
                                                                                                meddlesome :: interfering
lull :: moment of calm                        manacle :: restrain; handcuff
                                                                                                mediate :: settle a dispute through the
lumber :: move heavily or clumsily            mandate :: order; charge                          services of an outsider

lumen :: unit of light energy (one candle's   mandatory :: obligatory                           mediocre :: ordinary; commonplace
worth)
                                              mangy :: shabby; wretched                         meditation :: reflection; thought
luminary :: celebrity; dignitary
                                              maniacal :: raging mad; insane                    medium :: element that is a creature's
luminous :: shining; issuing light                                                              natural environment; nutrient setting in
                                              manifest :: evident; visible; obvious             which microorganisms are cultivated
lunar :: pertaining to the moon
                                              manifestation :: outward demonstration;           medium (2) :: appropriate occupation or
lunge :: make a quick forward dive or         indication                                        means of expression; channel of
reach; thrust                                                                                   communication; compromise
                                              manifesto :: declaration; statement of
lurid :: wild; sensational; graphic;          policy                                            medley :: mixture
gruesome
meek :: submissive; patient and long-         mirage :: unreal reflection; optical illusion   monotony :: sameness leading to boredom
suffering
                                              mire :: entangle; stick in swampy ground        monumental :: massive
megalomania :: mania for doing grandiose
things                                        mirth :: merriment; laughter                    moodiness :: fits of depression or gloom

melancholy :: gloomy; morose; blue            misadventure :: mischance; ill luck             moratorium :: legal delay of payment

melee :: fight                                misanthrope :: one who hates mankind            morbid :: given to unwholesome thought;
                                                                                              moody; characteristic of disease
mellifluous :: sweetly or smoothly flowing;   misapprehension :: error;
melodious                                     misunderstanding                                mordant :: biting; sarcastic; stinging

memento :: token; reminder                    miscellany :: mixture of writings on            mores :: conventions; moral standards;
                                              various subjects                                customs
memorialize :: commemorate
                                              mischance :: ill luck                           moribund :: dying
menagerie :: collection of wild animals
                                              misconstrue :: interpret incorrectly;           morose :: ill-humored; sullen; melancholy
mendacious :: lying; habitually dishonest     misjudge
                                                                                              mortician :: undertaker
mendicant :: beggar                           miscreant :: wretch; villain
                                                                                              mortify :: humiliate; punish the flesh
menial :: suitable for servants; lowly;       misdemeanor :: minor crime
mean                                                                                          mosaic :: picture made of small, colorful
                                              miserly :: stingy; mean                         inlaid tiles
mentor :: counselor; teacher
                                              misgivings :: doubts                            mote :: a speck of dust or other tiny
mercantile :: concerning trade                                                                particle
                                              mishap :: accident
mercenary :: motivated solely by money                                                        motif :: theme
or gain                                       misnomer :: wrong name; incorrect
                                              designation                                     motility :: ability to move spontaneously
mercurial :: capricious; changing; fickle
                                                             31 wordlist                      motley :: multicolored; mixed
meretricious :: flashy; tawdry
                                              misogamy :: hatred of marriage                  mottled :: blotched in coloring; spotted
merger :: combination (of two business
corporations)                                 misogynist :: hater of women                    mountebank :: charlatan; boastful
                                                                                              pretender
mesmerize :: hypnotize                        missile :: object to be thrown or projected
                                                                                              muddle :: confuse; mix up
metallurgical :: pertaining to the art of     missive :: letter
removing metals from ores                                                                     muggy :: warm and damp
                                              mite :: very small object or creature;
metamorphosis :: change of form               *small coin*                                    mulct :: defraud a person of something

metaphor :: implied comparison                mitigate :: appease; moderate                   multifarious :: varied; greatly diversified

metaphysical :: pertaining to speculative     mnemonic :: pertaining to memory                multiform :: having many forms
philosophy
                                              mobile :: movable; not fixed                    multilingual :: having many languages
mete :: (v.)to measure; to distribute 2)
(n.) a boundry mark or line                   mock :: ridicule; imitate, often in derision    multiplicity :: state of being numerous

meteoric :: swift; momentarily brilliant      mode :: prevailing style; manner; way of        mundane :: worldly as opposed to
                                              doing something                                 spiritual; everyday
methodical :: systematic
                                              modicum :: limited quantity                     munificent :: very generous
meticulous :: excessively careful;
painstaking; scrupulous                       modish :: fashionable                           mural :: wall painting

metropolis :: large city                      modulate :: tone down in intensity;             murky :: dark and gloomy; thick with fog;
                                              regulate; change from one key to another        vague
mettle :: courage; spirit
                                              mogul :: powerful person                        muse :: ponder
miasma :: swamp gas; heavy, vaporous
atmosphere, often emanating from              molecule :: the smallest particle (one or       musky :: having the odor of musk
decaying matter; pervasive corrupting         more atoms) of a substance that has all
                                              the properties of that substance                muster :: gather; assemble
influence.
                                              mollify :: soothe                               musty :: stale; spoiled by age
microcosm :: small world; the world in
miniature                                                                                     mutability :: ability to change in form;
                                              mollycoddle :: pamper; indulge
                                              excessively                                     fickleness
migrant :: changing its habitat; wandering
                                              molt :: shed or cast off hair or feathers       muted :: silent; muffled; toned down
migratory :: wandering
                                              molten :: melted                                mutilate :: to cut off or damage a limb or
milieu :: environment; means of
                                                                                              other important part of (a person or
expression
                                              momentous :: very important                     animal); maim
militant :: combative; bellicose
                                              momentum :: quantity of motion of a             mutinous :: unruly; rebellious
militate :: work against                      moving body; impetus
                                                                                              myopic (n.->)myopia :: nearsighted;
millennium :: thousand-year period;           monarchy :: government under a single           lacking foresight
period of happiness and prosperity            ruler
                                                                                              myriad :: very large number
mimicry :: imitation                          monastery :: residence of community,
                                              usually of monks                                nadir :: lowest point
minatory :: menacing; threatening
                                              monastic :: related to monks or                 naiveté :: quality of being unsophisticated;
mincing :: affectedly dainty                  monasteries; removed from worldly               simplicity; artlessness; gullibility
                                              concerns
minion :: a servile dependent                                                                 narcissist :: conceited person
                                              monetary :: pertaining to money
miniscule :: extremely small                                                                  narrative :: related to telling a story
                                              monochromatic :: having only one color
minute :: extremely small                                                                     nascent :: incipient; coming into being
                                              monolithic :: solidly uniform; unyielding
minutiae :: petty details
                                              monotheism :: belief in God
               32 wordlist                    notoriety :: disrepute; ill fame              oculist :: physician who specializes in
                                                                                            treatment of the eyes
natation :: swimming                          novelty :: something new; newness
                                                                                            odious :: hateful; vile
natty :: neatly or smartly dressed            novice :: beginner
                                                                                            odium :: detestation; hatefulness;
nauseate :: cause to become sick; fill with   noxious :: harmful                            disrepute
disgust
                                              nuancet :: shade of difference in meaning     odoriferous :: giving off an odor
nautical :: pertaining to ships or navigation or color; subtle distinction
                                                                                            odorous :: having an odor
navigable :: wide and deep enough to          nubile :: marriageable: said of a young
allow ships to pass through; able to be       woman who seems mature; sexually              odyssey :: long, eventful journey
steered                                       attractive: said of a young woman
                                                                                            offensive :: attacking; insulting; distasteful
nebulous :: vague; hazy; cloudy               nugatory :: futile; worthless
                                                                                            offhand :: casual; done without prior
necromancy :: black magic; dealings with      nullify :: to make invalid                    thought
the dead
                                              numismatist :: person who collects coins      officious :: meddlesome; excessively
nefarious :: very wicked                                                                    pushy in offering one's services
                                              nuptial :: related to marriage
negate :: cancel out; nullify; deny                                                         ogle :: look at amorously; make eyes at
                                              nurture :: nourish; educate; foster
negligence :: neglect; failure to take                                                      olfactory :: concerning the sense of smell
reasonable care                               nutrient :: nourishing substance
                                                                                            oligarchy :: government by a privileged
negligible :: so small, trifling, or          oaf :: stupid, awkward person                 few
unimportant as to be easily disregarded
                                              obdurate :: stubborn                          ominous :: threatening
nemesis :: someone seeking revenge
                                              obeisance :: bow                              omnipotent :: all-powerful
neologism :: new or newly coined word or
                                              obelisk :: tall column tapering and ending    omnipresent :: universally present;
phrase
                                              in a pyramid                                  ubiquitous
neophyte :: recent convert; beginner
                                              obese :: excessively fat                      omniscient :: all-knowing
nepotism :: favoritism (to a relative)
                                              obfuscate :: confuse; muddle; cause           omnivorous :: eating both plant and
nether :: lower                               confusion; make needlessly complex            animal food; devouring everything

nettle :: annoy; vex                          obituary :: death notice                      onerous :: burdensome

nexus :: connection                           objective (adj.) :: not influenced by         onomatopoeia :: words formed in imitation
                                              emotions; fair                                of natural sounds
nib :: beak; pen point
                                              objective (n) :: goal; aim                    onslaught :: fierce attack; vicious assault
nicety :: precision; minute distinction
                                              obligatory :: binding; required               onus :: burden; responsibility
niggardly :: meanly stingy; parsimonious
                                              oblique :: indirect; slanting (deviating from opalescent :: iridescent; lustrous
niggle :: spend too much time on minor        the perpendicular or from a straight line)
points; carp                                                                                opaque :: dark; not transparent
                                              obliterate :: destroy completely
nihilist :: one who considers traditional                                                   opiate :: medicine to induce sleep or
beliefs to be groundless and existence        oblivion :: obscurity; forgetfulness          deaden pain; something that relieves
meaningless; absolute skeptic;                                                              emotions or causes inaction
                                              oblivious :: inattentive or unmindful;
revolutionary terrorist
                                              wholly absorbed                               opportune :: timely; well-chosen
nip :: stop something's growth or
                                              obloquy :: slander; disgrace; infamy          opportunist :: individual who sacrifices
development; snip off; bite; make numb
with cold                                                                                   principles for expediency by taking
                                              obnoxious :: offensive                        advantage of circumstances
nirvana :: in Buddhist teachings, the ideal   obscure :: darken; make unclear
state in which the individual loses himself                                                 opprobrium :: infamy, vilification
in the attainment of an impersonal            obsequious :: slavishly attentive; servile;   optician :: maker and seller of eyeglasses
beatitude                                     sycophantic
                                                                                            optimist :: person who looks on the bright
nocturnal :: done at night                    obsequy :: funeral ceremony                   side
noisome :: 1) foul-smelling; unwholesome      obsessive :: related to thinking about        optimum :: most favorable
2) injurious to health; harmful               something constantly; preoccupying
                                                                                            optional :: not compulsory; left to one's
nomadic :: wandering                          obsidian :: black volcanic rock               choice
nomenclature :: terminology; system of                       33 wordlist                    optometrist :: one who fits glasses to
names
                                                                                            remedy visual defects
                                              obsolete :: outmoded
nominal :: in name only; trifling
                                                                                            opulence :: extreme wealth;
                                              obstetrician :: physician specializing in
nonchalance :: indifference; lack of                                                        luxuriousness; abundance
                                              delivery of babies
concern; composure
                                                                                            opus :: work
                                              obstinate :: stubborn; hard to control or
noncommittal :: neutral; unpledged;           treat                                         oracular :: prophetic; uttered as if with
undecided
                                                                                            divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous
                                              obstreperous :: boisterous; noisy
nondescript :: undistinctive; ordinary
                                                                                            orator :: public speaker
                                              obtrude :: push (oneself or one's ideas)
nonentity :: person of no importance;         forward or intrude; butt in; stick out or     oratorio :: dramatic poem set to music
nonexistence                                  extrude
                                                                                            ordain :: decree or command; grant holy
nonplus :: bring to halt by confusion;        obtuse :: blunt; stupid                       orders; predestine
perplex
                                              obviate :: make unnecessary; get rid of       ordeal :: severe trial or affliction
nostalgia :: homesickness; longing for the
past                                          Occident :: the West                          ordinance :: decree
nostrum :: questionable medicine              occlude :: shut; close                        ordination :: ceremony conferring holy
                                                                                            orders
notable :: conspicuous; important;            occult :: mysterious; secret; supernatural
distinguished
orgy :: wild, drunken revelry; unrestrained    palpable :: tangible; easily perceptible       partition :: divide into parts
indulgence
                                               palpitate :: throb; flutter                    passé :: old-fashioned; past the prime
orient :: get one's bearings; adjust
                                               paltry :: insignificant; petty; trifling       passive :: not active; acted upon
orientation :: act of finding oneself in
society                                        pan :: criticize harshly                       pastiche :: imitation of another's style in
                                                                                              musical composition or in writing
orifice :: mouthlike opening; small opening    panacea :: cure-all; remedy for all
                                               diseases                                       pastoral :: rural
ornate :: excessively or elaborately
decorated                                      panache :: flair; flamboyance                  patent :: open for the public to read;
                                                                                              obvious
ornithologist :: scientific student of birds   pandemic :: widespread; affecting the
                                               majority of people                             pathetic :: causing sadness, compassion,
orthodox :: traditional; conservative in                                                      pity; touching
belief                                         pandemonium :: wild tumult
                                                                                              pathological :: pertaining to disease
orthography :: correct spelling                pander :: cater to the low desires of others
                                                                                              pathos :: tender sorrow; pity; quality in
oscillate :: vibrate pendulumlike; waver       panegyric :: formal praise                     art or literature that produces these
                                                                                              feelings
osseous :: made of bone; bony                  panoramic :: denoting an unobstructed
                                               and comprehensive view                         patina :: green crust on old bronze works;
ossify :: change or harden into bone                                                          tone slowly taken by varnished painting
                                               pantomime :: acting without dialogue
ostensible :: apparent; professed;                                                            patois :: local or provincial dialect
pretended                                      papyrus :: ancient paper made from stem
                                               of p---s plant                                 patriarch :: father and ruler of a family or
ostentatious :: showy; pretentious; trying                                                    tribe
to attract attention                           parable :: short, simple story teaching a
                                               moral                                          patrician :: noble; aristocratic
ostracize :: exclude from public favor; ban
                                               paradigm :: model; example; pattern            patronize :: support; act superior toward;
oust :: expel; drive out                                                                      be a customer of
                                               paradox :: something apparently
outlandish :: bizarre; peculiar;               contradictory in nature; statement that        paucity :: scarcity
unconventional                                 looks false but is actually correct
                                                                                              pauper :: very poor person
outmoded :: no longer stylish; old             paragon :: model of perfection
fashioned                                                                                     peccadillo :: slight offense
                                               parallelism :: state of being parallel;
outskirts :: fringes; outer borders            similarity                                                    35 wordlist
outspoken :: candid; blunt                     parameter :: limit; independent values         pecuniary :: pertaining to money

outstrip :: surpass; outdo                     paramount :: foremost in importance;           pedagogue :: teacher
                                               supreme
outwit :: outsmart; trick                                                                     pedagogy :: teaching; art of education
                                               paramour :: illicit lover
ovation :: enthusiastic applause                                                              pedant :: scholar who overemphasizes
                                               paranoia (n & adj. ->) paranoid, paranoiac     book learning or technicalities
overbearing :: bossy; arrogant; decisively     :: psychosis marked by delusions of
important                                      grandeur or persecution; abnormal              pedantic :: showing off learning; bookish
                                               tendency to suspect and mistrust others
overt :: open to view                                                                         pedestrian :: ordinary; unimaginative
                                               paraphernalia :: equipment; odds and
overweening :: presumptuous; arrogant          ends                                           pediatrician :: physician specializing in
                                                                                              children's diseases
               34 wordlist                     paraphrase :: restate a passage in one's
                                               own words while retaining thought of           peerless :: having no equal; incomparable
overwrought :: extremely agitated;
                                               author
hysterical                                                                                    pejorative :: negative in connotation;
                                               parasite :: animal or plant living on          having a belittling effect
ovoid :: egg-shaped
                                               another; toady; sycophant
                                                                                              pell-mell :: in confusion; disorderly
pachyderm :: thick-skinned animal
                                               parched :: extremely dry; very thirsty
                                                                                              pellucid :: transparent; limpid; easy to
pacifist :: one opposed to force;                                                             understand
                                               pariah :: social outcast
antimilitarist
                                               parity :: equality; close resemblance          penance :: self-imposed punishment for
pacify :: soothe; make calm or quiet;                                                         sin
subdue                                         parlance :: language; idiom
                                                                                              penchant :: strong inclination; liking
paean :: song of praise or joy                 parley :: conference
                                                                                              pendant (adj.) :: hanging down from
painstaking :: showing hard work; taking       parochial :: narrow in outlook; provincial;    something
great care                                     related to parishes
                                                                                              pendant (n) :: ornament (hanging from a
palatable :: agreeable; pleasing to the        parody :: humorous imitation; spoof;           necklace, etc.)
taste                                          takeoff; travesty
                                                                                              pendulous :: hanging; suspended
palate :: roof of the mouth; sense of taste    paroxysm :: fit or attack of pain, laughter,
                                               rage                                           penitent :: repentant (anto.) unremorseful,
palatial :: *magnificent*                                                                     imp----t
                                               parquet :: floor made of wood strips inlaid
paleontology :: study of prehistoric life                                                     pensive :: dreamily thoughtful; thoughtful
                                               in a mosaic like pattern
                                                                                              with a hint of sadness; contemplative
palette :: board on which a painter mixes      parry :: ward off a blow; deflect; avoid (a
pigments                                                                                      penumbra :: partial shadow (in an eclipse)
                                               question, etc.)
palimpsest :: parchment used for second                                                       penury :: severe poverty; stinginess
                                               parsimony :: stinginess; excessive
time after original writing has been erased
                                               frugality
                                                                                              peon :: landless agricultural worker; bond
pall :: grow tiresome                                                                         servant
                                               partial :: incomplete; having a liking for
pallet :: small, poor bed                      something
                                                                                              perceptive :: insightful; aware; wise

palliate :: ease pain; make less severe or     partiality :: inclination; bias
                                                                                              percussion :: striking one object against
offensive                                                                                     another sharply
                                               partisan :: one-sided; prejudiced;
                                               committed to a party
pallid :: pale; wan
perdition :: damnation; complete ruin                         36 wordlist                     plebeian :: common; pertaining to the
                                                                                              common people
peregrination :: journey                      philanthropist :: lover of mankind; doer of
                                              good                                            plenary :: *complete; full*
peremptory :: demanding and leaving no
choice                                        philatelist :: stamp-collector                  plenitude :: abundance; completeness

perennial :: something long-lasting           philistine :: narrow-minded person,             plethora :: excess; overabundance
                                              uncultured and exclusively interested in
perfidious :: treacherous; disloyal           material gain                                   pliable :: flexible; yielding; adaptable

perforate :: pierce; put a hole through       philology :: study of language                  pliant :: flexible; easily influenced

perfunctory :: superficial; not thorough;     phlegmatic :: calm; not easily disturbed        plight :: condition, state (especially a bad
*lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm*                                                       state or condition); predicament
                                              phobia :: morbid fear
perigee :: point of moon's orbit when it is                                                   pluck :: courage
nearest the earth                             phoenix :: symbol of immortality or rebirth
                                                                                              plumage :: feathers of a bird
perimeter :: outer boundary                   phylum :: major classification, second to
                                              kingdom, of plants and animals; division        plumb (adj.) :: vertical
peripatetic :: walking about; moving
                                              physiognomy :: face                             plumb (v) :: examine critically in order to
peripheral :: marginal; outer                                                                 understand; measure depth (by sounding)
                                              physiological :: pertaining to the science of
periphery :: edge, especially of a round      the function of living organisms                plummet :: fall sharply
surface
                                              piebald :: different colors; mottled;           plutocracy :: society ruled by the wealthy
perjury :: false testimony while under oath   spotted
                                                                                              podiatrist :: doctor who treats ailments of
permeable :: penetrable; porous; allowing     piecemeal :: one part at a time; gradually      the feet
liquids or gas to pass through
                                              pied :: variegated; multicolored                podium :: pedestal; raised platform
pernicious :: very destructive
                                              piety (<-n) (adj.->) pious :: devoutness;       poignancy :: quality of being deeply
peroration :: conclusion of an oration        reverence for God                               moving; keenness of emotion

perpetrate :: commit an offense               pigment :: coloring mater                       polarize :: divide into two opposing group;
                                                                                              split into opposite extremes or camps
perpetual :: everlasting                      pillage :: plunder
                                                                                              polemic :: controversial; argument in
perpetuate :: make something last;            pillory :: punish by placing in a wooden        support or point of view
preserve from extinction                      frame; subject to criticism and ridicule
                                                                                              polemical :: aggressive in verbal attack;
perquisite :: any gain above stipulated       pine :: 1) languish, decline due to pain,       disputatious
salary                                        longing ,etc.; 2) long for, yearn
                                                                                              politic :: expedient; prudent; well devised
personable :: attractive                      pinion :: restrain
                                                                                              polity :: form of government of nation or
perspicacious :: having insight;              pinnacle :: peak                                state
penetrating; astute
                                              pious :: devout; religious                      polygamist :: one who has more than one
perspicuity :: clearness of expression;                                                       spouse at a time
freedom from ambiguity                        piquant :: pleasantly tart-tasting;
                                              stimulating                                     polyglot :: speaking several languages
perspicuous :: plainly expressed
                                              pique (n) :: irritation; resentment             pomposity :: self-important behavior;
pert :: bold or impudent in speech or                                                         acting like a stuffed shirt
behavior; impertinent; forward                pique (v) :: provoke or arouse; annoy
                                                                                              pompous :: showing self-importance
pertinacious :: stubborn; persistent          pitfall :: hidden danger; concealed trap
                                                                                              ponderous :: weighty; unwieldy
pertinent :: suitable; to the point           pith :: core or marrow; essence;
                                              substance                                       pontifical :: pertaining to a bishop or pope;
perturb :: disturb greatly                                                                    *pompous or pretentious*
                                              pithy :: concise; meaningful; substantial;
peruse :: read with care                      meaty                                           pore :: study industriously; ponder;
                                                                                              scrutinize
pervasive :: spread throughout                pittance :: a small allowance or wage
                                                                                              porous :: full of pores; like a sieve
perverse :: stubbornly wrongheaded;           pivotal :: central; critical
wicked and unacceptable                                                                       portend :: foretell; presage
                                              placate :: pacify; conciliate
perversion :: corruption; turning from right                                                  portent :: sign; omen; forewarning
to wrong                                       placebo :: harmless substance prescribed
                                               as a dummy pill                                portly :: stout; corpulent
pessimism :: belief that life is basically bad
or evil; gloominess                            placid :: peaceful; calm                       poseur :: person who pretends to be
                                                                                              sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress
pestilential :: causing plague; baneful       plagiarize :: steal another's ideas and pass    others
                                              them off as one's own
pestle :: tool for mashing or grinding                                                        posterity :: descendants; future
substances in a hard bowl                     plaintive :: mournful                           generations

petrify :: paralyse with terror or            plait :: braid( <- to interweave three or       posthumous :: after death (as of child born
astonishment; turn to stone                   more strands of (hair, straw, etc.);            after father's death or book published after
                                              intertwine                                      author's death)
petty :: trivial; unimportant; very small
                                              plasticity :: ability to be molded              postulate :: self-evident truth
petulant :: touchy; peevish
                                              platitude :: trite remark; commonplace          posture :: assume an affected pose; act
pharisaical :: pertaining to the Pharisees,   statement                                       artificially
who paid scrupulous attention to tradition;
self-righteous; hypocritical                  platonic :: purely spiritual; theoretical;      potable :: suitable for drinking
                                              without sensual desire
phenomena :: observable facts; subjects                                                       potent :: powerful; persuasive; greatly
of scientific investigation                   plaudit :: enthusiastic approval; round of      influential
                                              applause
philanderer :: faithless lover; flirt                                                         potentate :: monarch; sovereign
                                              plausible :: having a show of truth but
                                              open to doubt; specious                         potential :: expressing possibility; latent
potion :: dose (of liquid)                    preponderance :: superiority of power,         proletarian :: member of the working
                                              quantity, etc.                                 class; blue collar guy
potpourri :: heterogeneous mixture;
medley                                        preposterous :: absurd; ridiculous             proliferate :: grow rapidly; spread;
                                                                                             multiply
poultice :: soothing application applied to   prerogative :: privilege; unquestionable
sore and inflamed portions of the body        right                                          prolific :: abundantly fruitful

practicable :: feasible                       presage :: foretell                            prolixity :: tedious wordiness; verbosity

practical :: based on experience; useful      prescience :: ability to foretell the future   prologue :: introduction (to a poem or
                                                                                             play)
pragmatic :: practical (as opposed to         presentiment :: feeling something will
idealistic); concerned with the practical     happen; anticipatory fear; premonition         prolong :: extend; draw out; lengthen
worth or impact of some thing
                                              prestige :: impression produced by             prominent :: conspicuous; notable;
pragmatist :: practical person                achievements or reputation                     protruding

prate :: speak foolishly; boast idly          presumptuous :: arrogant; taking liberties     promiscuous :: mixed indiscriminately;
                                                                                             haphazard; irregular sexually
prattle :: babble                             pretentious :: ostentatious; pompous;
                                              making unjustified claims; overambitious       promontory :: headland i.e. high land
preamble :: introductory statement                                                           jutting out into sea
                                              preternatural :: beyond that which is
precarious :: uncertain; risky                normal in nature                               promote :: help to flourish; advance in
                                                                                             rank; publicize
precedent (adj.) :: preceding in time,        pretext :: excuse
rank, etc.                                                                                   prompt :: cause; provoke; provide a cue
                                              prevail :: induce; triumph over                for an actor
precedent (n) :: something preceding in
time that may be used as an authority or      prevalent :: widespread; generally             promulgate :: proclaim a doctrine or law;
guide for future action; an earlier           accepted                                       make known to be official publication
occurrence
                                              prevaricate :: lie                             prone :: inclined to; *prostrate*
               37 wordlist
                                              prey :: target of a hunt; victim               propagate :: multiply; spread
precept :: practical rule guiding conduct
                                              prim :: very precise and formal;               propellant :: substance that propels or
precipice :: cliff; dangerous position        exceedingly proper                             drives forward

precipitant :: something that causes a        primogeniture :: seniority by birth            propensity :: natural inclination
substance in a chemical solution to
separate out in solid form                    primordial :: existing at the beginning (of    prophetic :: having to do with predicting
                                              time); rudimentary; primeval                   the future
precipitate :: rash; premature; hasty;
sudden                                        primp :: groom oneself with care; adorn        prophylactic :: used to prevent disease
                                              oneself
precipitous :: steep; overhasty                                                              propinquity :: nearness; kinship
                                              pristine :: characteristic of earlier times;
précis :: concise summing up of main          primitive, unspoiled                           propitiate :: appease
points
                                              privation :: hardship; want                                    38 wordlist
preclude :: make impossible; eliminate
                                              privy :: secret; hidden; not public            propitious :: favorable; fortunate;
precocious :: advanced in development                                                        advantageous
                                              probe :: explore with tools
precursor :: forerunner                                                                      proponent :: supporter; backer; opposite
                                              probity :: uprightness; incorruptibility       of opponent
predator :: creature that seizes and
devours another animal; person who robs       problematic :: doubtful; unsettled;            propound :: put forth for analysis
or exploits others                            questionable; perplexing
                                                                                             propriety :: fitness; correct conduct
predecessor :: former occupant of a post      proclivity :: inclination; natural tendency
                                                                                             propulsive :: driving forward
predetermine :: predestine; settle or         procrastinate :: postpone; delay or put off
decide beforehand; influence markedly                                                        prosaic :: dull and unimaginative; matter-
                                              procurement :: obtaining                       of-fact; factual
predicament :: tricky or dangerous
                                              prod :: poke; stir up; urge                    proscenium :: part of stage in front of
situation; dilemma
                                                                                             curtain
                                              prodigal :: wasteful; reckless with money
predilection :: partiality; preference
                                                                                             proscribe :: ostracize; banish; outlaw
                                              prodigious :: marvelous; enormous
predispose :: give an inclination toward;
make susceptible to                                                                          proselytize :: induce someone to convert
                                              prodigy :: highly gifted child; marvel
                                                                                             to a religion or belief
preeminent :: outstanding; superior           profane :: violate; desecrate; treat
                                                                                             prosody :: the art of versification
                                              unworthily
preempt :: head off; forestall by acting
first; appropriate for oneself; supplant                                                     prosperity :: good fortune; financial
                                              profligate :: dissipated; wasteful; wildly
                                                                                             success; physical well-being
                                              immoral
preen :: make oneself tidy in appearance;
feel self-satisfaction                                                                       prostrate :: stretch out full on ground
                                              profound :: deep; not superficial; complete
prefatory :: introductory                                                                    protean :: versatile; able to take on many
                                              profusion :: overabundance; lavish
                                                                                             forms
                                              expenditure; excess
prehensile :: capable of grasping or
holding                                                                                      protégé :: person receiving protection and
                                              progenitor :: ancestor
                                                                                             support from a patron
prelate :: church dignitary                   progeny :: children; offspring
                                                                                             protocol :: diplomatic etiquette
prelude :: introduction; forerunner           prognosis :: forecasted course of a
                                                                                             prototype :: original work used as a model
                                              disease; prediction
premeditate :: plan in advance                                                               by others
                                              prognosticate :: predict
premise :: assumption; postulate                                                             protract :: prolong
                                              prohibitive :: tending to prevent the
premonition :: forewarning                                                                   protrude :: stick out
                                              purchase or use of something; inclined to
premonitory :: serving to warn                prevent or forbid                              protuberance :: protrusion; bulge
                                              projectile :: missile
provenance :: origin or source of             pusillanimous :: cowardly; fainthearted       raiment :: clothing
something
                                              putative :: supposed; reputed (<-             rakish :: stylish; sporty
provender :: dry food; fodder                 supposed)
                                                                                            rally :: call up or summon (forces, vital
provident :: displaying foresight; thrifty;   putrid :: foul; rotten; decayed               powers etc.); * revive or recuperate *
preparing for emergencies
                                              pylon :: marking post to guide aviators;      ramble :: wander aimlessly (physically or
provincial :: pertaining to a province;       steel tower supporting cables or telephone    mentally)
limited in out-look; unsophisticated          lines
                                                                                            ramification :: branching out; subdivision
provisional :: tentative                      pyromaniac :: person with an insane
                                              desire to set things on fire                  ramify :: divide into branches or
proviso :: stipulation                                                                      subdivisions
                                              quack :: charlatan; impostor
provocative :: arousing anger or interest;                                                  ramp :: slope; inclined plane
annoying                                      quadruped :: four-footed animal
                                                                                            rampant :: growing in profusion;
prowess :: extraordinary ability; military    quaff :: drink with relish                    unrestrained
bravery
                                              quagmire :: soft, wet boggy land; complex     rampart :: defensive mound of earth
proximity :: nearness                         or dangerous situation from which is
                                              difficult to free oneself                     rancid :: having the odor or stale fat
proxy :: authorized agent
                                              quail :: cower; lose heart                    rancor :: bitterness; hatred
prude :: excessively modest or proper
person                                        quaint :: unfamiliar or old-fashioned;        random :: without definite purpose, plan,
                                              daintily odd; picturesque                     or aim; haphazard
prudent :: cautious; careful
                                              qualified :: limited; restricted              rankle :: cause persistent annoyance or
prune :: cut away; trim                                                                     pain or resentment; irritate; fester
                                              qualms :: misgivings; uneasy fears,
prurient :: having or causing lustful         especially about matters of conscience        rant :: rave; talk excitedly; scold; make a
thoughts and desires                                                                        grandiloquent speech
                                              quandary :: dilemma
pry :: 1) inquire impertinently; 2) use                                                     rapacious :: excessively grasping;
leverage to raise or open something           quarantine :: isolation of a person, place,   plundering
                                              or ship to prevent spread of infection
pseudonym :: pen name                                                                       rapport :: emotional closeness; harmony
                                              quarry (n) :: victim; object of a hunt
psyche :: soul; mind                                                                        rapt :: absorbed; enchanted
                                              quarry (v) :: dig into
psychiatrist :: a doctor who treats mental                                                  rarefied :: made less dense [of a gas]
diseases                                                      39 wordlist
                                                                                            raspy :: grating; harsh
psychopathic :: pertaining to mental          quash :: subdue; crush; squash
derangement                                                                                 ratify :: approve formally; confirm; verify
                                              quay ( ki: ) :: dock; landing place
psychosis :: mental disorder                                                                ratiocination :: reasoning; act or drawing
                                              queasy :: easily nauseated; squeamish         conclusions from premises
pterodactyl :: extinct flying reptile
                                              quell :: extinguish; put down; quiet          rationale :: fundamental reason or
puerile :: childish                                                                         justification; grounds for an action
                                              quench :: douse or extinguish; assuage or
pugilist :: boxer                             satisfy                                       rationalize :: give a plausible reason for an
                                                                                            action in place of a true, less admirable
pugnacity :: combativeness; disposition to    querulous :: fretful; whining                 one; offer an excuse
fight
                                              query :: inquiry; question                    raucous :: harsh and shrill; disorderly and
puissant :: powerful; strong; potent                                                        boisterous
                                              queue :: line
pulchritude :: beauty; comeliness                                                           ravage :: plunder; despoil
                                              quibble :: minor objection or complaint;
pulmonary :: pertaining to the lungs          *evasion*                                     rave :: to talk incoherently or wildly, as in
                                                                                            a delirious or demented state;
pulsate :: throb                              quiescent :: at rest; dormant; temporarily    overwhelmingly favorable review
                                              inactive
pulverize :: crush or grind into very small                                                 ravel :: fall apart into tangles; unravel or
particles                                     quietude :: tranquility                       untwist; entangle
pummel :: beat or pound with fists            quintessence :: purest and highest            ravenous :: extremely hungry
                                              embodiment
punctilious :: very careful about every                                                     ravine :: narrow valley with steep sides
detail of behavior, ceremony, etc.            quip :: taunt
                                                                                            raze :: destroy completely
pundit :: authority on a subject; learned     quirk :: startling twist; caprice
person; expert                                                                              reactionary :: opposing progress;
                                              quisling :: traitor who aids invaders         politically ultraconservative
pungent :: stinging; sharp in taste or
smell; caustic                                quiver (n) :: case for arrows                 realm :: kingdom; field or sphere

punitive :: punishing                         quiver (v) :: tremble; shake                  reaper :: one who harvests grain
puny :: insignificant; tiny; weak             quixotic :: idealistic but impractical        rebate :: discount

purchase :: firm grasp or footing             quizzical :: teasing; bantering; mocking;     rebuff :: snub; beat back
                                              curious
purgatory :: place of spiritual expiation                                                   rebuke :: scold harshly; criticize severely
                                              quorum :: number of members necessary
purge :: remove or get rid of something       to conduct a meeting                          rebus :: puzzle in which pictures stand for
unwanted; free from blame or guilt;                                                         words
cleanse or purify                             quotidian :: daily; commonplace;
                                              customary                                     rebuttal :: refutation; response with
purport :: intention; meaning                                                               contrary evidence
                                              rabid :: like a fanatic; furious
purported :: alleged; claimed; reputed or                                                   recalcitrant :: obstinately stubborn;
rumored                                       raconteur :: story-teller                     determined to resist authority; unruly

purse :: pucker; contract into wrinkles       ragamuffin :: person wearing tattered         recant :: disclaim or disavow; retract a
                                              clothes                                       previous statement; openly confess error
purveyor :: supplier; furnisher of
foodstuffs; caterer                           rail :: scold; rant
recapitulate :: summarize                      rejoinder :: retort; comeback; reply            reprieve :: temporary stay

recast :: reconstruct (a sentence, story,      rejuvenate :: make young again                  reprimand :: official rebuke; reprove
etc.); fashion again
                                               relegate :: banish to an inferior position;     reprisal :: retaliation
receptive :: quick or willing to receive       delegate; assign
ideas, suggestions, etc                                                                        reprise :: musical repetition; repeat
                                               relent :: give in; yield                        performance; recurrent action
recession :: withdrawal; retreat; time of
low economic activity                          relevant :: pertinent; referring to the case    reproach :: express disapproval or
                                               in hand                                         disappointment
recidivism :: habitual return to crime
                                               relic :: surviving remnant; memento             reprobate :: unprincipled or immoral
recipient :: receiver                                                                          person
                                               relinquish :: give up something with
reciprocal :: mutual; exchangeable;            reluctance yield                                reprobation :: severe disapproval
interacting
                                               relish :: savor; enjoy                          reprove :: censure; rebuke
reciprocate :: repay in kind
                                               remediable :: reparable                         repudiate :: to refuse to have anything to
recluse :: hermit; loner                                                                       do with; disown; disavow
                                               reminiscence :: recollection; account of
reconcile :: correct inconsistencies;          things remembered, esp. in literary form        repugnance :: loathing
become friendly after a quarrel
                                               remiss :: negligent                             repulsion :: distaste; act of driving back
recondite :: abstruse; profound; secret
                                               remission :: temporary moderation of            reputable :: respectable
reconnaissance :: survey of enemy by           disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt;
soldiers; reconnoitering                       forgiveness or pardon                           reputed :: supposed

recount :: narrate or tell; count over again   remnant :: remainder                            Requiem :: mass for the dead; dirge

recourse :: resorting to help when in          remonstrance :: protest; objection              requisite :: necessary requirement
trouble
                                               remorse :: guilt; self-reproach                 requite :: to make return or repayment for
recrimination :: countercharges                                                                (a benefit, service, etc., or an injury,
                                               remunerative :: compensating; rewarding         wrong, etc.); revenge
rectify :: set right; correct
                                               rend :: split tear apart                                        41 wordlist
rectitude :: uprightness; moral virtue;
correctness of judgment                        render :: deliver; provide; represent           rescind :: cancel

recumbent :: reclining; lying down             rendezvous :: meeting place                     resentment :: indignation; bitterness;
completely or in part                                                                          displeasure
                                               rendition :: translation; artistic
recuperate :: recover                          interpretation of a song, etc.                  reserve :: self-control; formal but distant
                                                                                               manner
recurrent :: occurring again and again         renegade :: deserter of party or
                                               principles; traitor                             residue :: remainder; balance
                 40 wordlist
                                               renege :: deny; go back on                      resignation :: patient submissiveness;
redolent :: fragrant; odorous; suggestive                                                      statement that one is quitting a job
of an odor                                     renounce :: abandon; disown; repudiate
                                                                                               resilient :: elastic; having the power of
redoubtable :: formidable; causing fear        renovate :: restore to good condition;          springing back
                                               renew
redress :: remedy; compensation                                                                resolution :: determination
                                               renown :: fame
redundant :: superfluous; repetitious;                                                         resolve :: determination; firmness of
excessively wordy                              rent :: rip; split                              purpose

reek :: emit (odor)                            reparable :: capable of being repaired          resonant :: echoing; resounding; deep and
                                                                                               full in sound
refectory :: dining hall                       reparation :: amends; compensation
                                                                                               respiration :: breathing; exhalation
refraction :: bending of a ray of light        repartee :: clever reply
                                                                                               respite :: interval of relief; time for rest;
refractory :: stubborn; unmanageable           repast :: meal; feast; banquet
                                                                                               delay in punishment

refrain :: (v) abstain from; resist *(n->)     repeal :: revoke; annul; cancel
                                                                                               resplendent :: dazzling; glorious; brilliant
chorus *
                                               repel :: drive away; disgust
                                                                                               responsiveness :: state of reacting readily
refulgent :: brightly shining; gleaming                                                        to appeals, orders, etc.
                                               repellent :: driving away; unattractive
refurbish :: renovate; make bright by                                                          restitution :: reparation; indemnification
                                               repent :: feel sorrow or regret for what
polishing
                                               one has done or left undone; think with
                                                                                               restive :: restlessly impatient; obstinately
refute :: disprove                             regret or contrition of
                                                                                               resisting control

regal :: royal                                 repercussion :: rebound; reverberation;
                                                                                               restraint :: moderation or self-control;
                                               reaction
                                                                                               controlling force; restriction
regale :: entertain
                                               repertoire :: list of works of music, drama,
                                                                                               resumption :: taking up again;
regatta :: boat or yacht race                  etc., a performer is prepared to present
                                                                                               recommencement
regeneration :: spiritual rebirth              repine :: fret; complain
                                                                                               resurge :: rise again; flow to and fro
regicide :: murder of a king or queen          replenish :: fill up again
                                                                                               resuscitate :: revive
regime :: method or system of                  replete :: filled to the brim or to the point
                                                                                               retain :: keep; employ
government                                     of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
                                                                                               retaliation :: repayment in kind (usually
regimen :: a regulated system of diet,         replica :: copy
                                                                                               for bad treatment)
exercise, etc. for therapy or the
maintenance or improvement of health           replicate :: reproduce; duplicate
                                                                                               retentive :: holding; having a good
                                               repository :: storehouse                        memory
rehabilitate :: restore to proper condition
                                               reprehensible :: deserving blame                reticent :: reserved; uncommunicative;
reimburse :: repay                                                                             inclined to silence
reiterate :: repeat                            repress :: keep under; put down; suppress
                                                                                               retinue :: following; attendants
retiring :: modest; shy                        rudimentary :: not developed; elementary; satyr :: half-human, half-bestial being in
                                               crude                                     the court of Dionysus, portrayed as wanton
retort :: quick, sharp reply                                                             and cunning; a lustful or lecherous man
                                               rue :: regret; lament; mourn
retract :: withdraw; take back                                                           saunter :: stroll slowly
                                               ruffian :: bully; scoundrel; a brutal,
retrench :: cut down; economize                violent, lawless person; tough or hoodlum savant :: scholar
retribution :: vengeance; compensation;        ruminate :: chew over and over (mentally       savor :: enjoy; have a distinctive flavor,
punishment for offenses                        or, like cows, physically); mull over;         smell, or quality
                                               *ponder*
retrieve :: recover; find and bring in                                                        savory :: tasty; pleasing, attractive, or
                                               rummage :: ransack; thoroughly search          agreeable
retroactive :: taking effect before its
enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a       runic :: mysterious; set down in a ancient     scabbard :: case for a sword blade; sheath
tax)                                           alphabet
                                                                                              scad :: a great quantity
retrograde :: go backwards; degenerate         ruse :: trick; stratagem
                                                                                              scaffold :: temporary platform for workers;
retrospective :: looking back on the past      rustic :: pertaining to country people;        bracing framework; platform for execution
                                               uncouth
revelry :: boisterous merrymaking                                                             scale :: climb up; ascend
                                               rusticate :: banish to the country; dwell in
reverberate :: echo; resound                   the country                                    scanty :: meager; insufficient

reverent :: respect; worshipful                ruthless :: pitiless; cruel                    scapegoat :: someone who bears the
                                                                                              blame for others
reverie :: daydream; musing                    saboteur :: one who commits sabotage;
                                               destroyer of property                          scavenge :: hunt through discarded
revert :: relapse; backslide; turn back to                                                    materials for usable items; search,
                                               saccharine :: cloyingly sweet                  especially for food
revile :: attack with abusive language;
vilify                                         sacrilegious :: desecrating; profane           scenario :: plot outline; screenplay; opera
                                                                                              libretto
revoke :: cancel; retract                      sacrosanct :: most sacred; inviolable
                                                                                              schematic :: relating to an outline or
revulsion :: sudden violent change of
                                                                 42 wordlist                  diagram; using a system of symbols
feeling; negative reaction
                                               sadistic :: inclined to cruelty                schism :: division; split
rhapsodize :: to speak or write in an
exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner              saga :: Scandinavian myth; any legend          scintilla :: shred; least bit
rhetoric :: art of effective communication;    sagacious :: perceptive; shrewd; having        scintillate :: sparkle; flash
insincere or grandiloquent language            insight
                                                                                              scoff :: mock; ridicule
ribald :: wanton; profane                      sage :: person celebrated for wisdom
                                                                                              scotch :: stamp out; thwart; hinder
riddle :: pierce with holes; *permeate or      salacious :: lascivious; lustful
spread throughout*                                                                            scourge :: lash; whip; severe punishment
                                               salient :: prominent
rider :: amendment or clause added to a                                                       scruple :: 1) fret about; hesitate, for
legislative bill                               saline :: salty                                ethical reasons 2) *a very small quantity,
                                                                                              amount, or part *
rife :: abundant; current                      sallow :: yellowish; sickly in color
                                                                                              scrupulous :: conscientious; extremely
rift :: opening; break                         salubrious :: healthful                        thorough
rig :: fix or manipulate                       salutary :: tending to improve; beneficial;    scrutinize :: examine closely and critically
                                               wholesome
rigid :: stiff and unyielding; strict; hard                                                   scuffle :: struggle confusedly; move off in
and unbending                                  salvage :: rescue from loss                    a confused hurry
rigor :: severity                              sanctimonious :: displaying ostentatious or    scurrilous :: obscene; indecent
                                               hypocritical devoutness
rile :: vex; irritate; muddy                                                                  scurry :: move briskly
                                               sanction :: approve; ratify
riveting :: absorbing; engrossing                                                             scurvy :: despicable; contemptible
                                               sanctuary :: refuge; shelter; shrine; holy
rivulet :: small stream                        place                                          scuttle :: sink
robust :: vigorous; strong                     sanguinary :: bloody                           seamy :: sordid; unwholesome
rococo :: ornate; highly decorated             sanguine :: cheerful; hopeful                  sear :: char or burn; brand
roil :: to make liquids murky by stirring up   sap :: diminish; undermine                     seasoned :: experienced
sediment; to disturb
                                               sarcasm :: scornful remark; stinging           secession :: withdrawal
roseate :: rosy; optimistic                    rebuke
                                                                                              seclusion :: isolation; solitude
roster :: list                                 sardonic :: disdainful; sarcastic; cynical
                                                                                              secrete :: *hide away or cache*; produce
rostrum :: platform for speech-making;         sartorial :: pertaining to tailors             and release a substance into an organism
pulpit
                                               sate :: satisfy to the full; cloy              sect :: separate religious body; faction
rote :: repetition
                                               satellite :: small body revolving around a     secular :: worldly; not pertaining to church
rotunda :: circular building or hall covered   larger one                                     matters; temporal
with a dome
                                               satiate :: satisfy fully                       sedate :: composed; grave
rotundity :: roundness; sonorousness of
speech                                         satire :: form of literature in which irony,   sedentary :: requiring sitting
                                               sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to
rousing :: lively; stirring                    attack vice and folly                          sedition :: the stirring up of discontent,
                                                                                              resistance, or rebellion against the
rout :: stampede; drive out                    satirical :: mocking                           government in power; insubordination
rubble :: fragments                            saturate :: soak thoroughly                    sedulous :: diligent
rubric :: title or heading (in read print);    saturnine :: gloomy                            seedy :: run-down; decrepit; disreputable
directions for religious ceremony; protocol
                                                                                              seemly :: proper; appropriate
ruddy :: reddish; healthy-looking
seep :: ooze; trickle                            sibylline :: prophetic; oracular                smirk :: conceited smile

seethe :: be disturbed; boil                     sidereal :: relating to the stars               smolder :: burn without flame; be liable to
                                                                                                 break out at any moment
seine :: net for catching fish                   silt :: sediment deposited by running water
                                                                                                 snicker :: half-stifled laugh
seismic :: pertaining to earthquakes             simian :: monkeylike
                                                                                                 snivel :: run at the nose; snuffle; whine
semblance :: outward appearance; guise           simile :: comparison of one thing with
                                                 another, using the word 'like' or 'as'          sobriety :: moderation (esp. regarding
seminal :: germinal; influencing future                                                          indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
developments; related to seed or semen           simper :: smirk; smile affectedly
                                                                                                 sodden :: soaked; dull, as if from drink
seminary :: school for training future           simplistic :: oversimplified
ministers; secondary school, especially for                                                      sojourn :: temporary stay
young women                                      simulate :: feign
                                                                                                 solace :: comfort in trouble
senility :: old age; feeblemindedness of old sinecure :: well-paid position with little
age                                          responsibility                                      solder :: repair or make whole by using a
                                                                                                 metal alloy
sensitization :: process of being made           sinewy :: tough; strong and firm
sensitive or acutely responsive to an                                                            solecism :: construction that is flagrantly
external agent or substance                      singular :: unique; extraordinary; odd          incorrect grammatically

sensual :: devoted to the pleasures of the       sinister :: evil                                solicit :: request earnestly; seek
senses; operating through the senses
                                                 sinuous :: winding; bending in and out;*        solicitous :: worried, concerned
sententious :: terse; concise; aphoristic        not morally honest *
                                                                                                 soliloquy :: talking to oneself
sentient :: that feels or is capable of          skeptic :: doubter; person who suspends
feeling                                          judgment until having examined the              solitude :: state of being alone; seclusion
                                                 evidence supporting a point of view
sentinel :: sentry; lookout                                                                      solstice :: point at which the sun is
                                                 skiff :: small, light sailboat or rowboat       farthest from the equator
septic :: putrid; producing putrefaction
                                                 skimp :: provide scantily; live very            soluble :: able to be dissolved; able to be
sepulcher :: tomb                                economically                                    worked out

               43 wordlist                       skinflint :: stingy person; miser               solvent (adj.) :: able to pay all debts

sequester :: isolate; retire from public life;   skirmish :: minor fight                         solvent (n) :: substance that dissolves
segregate; seclude                                                                               another
                                                 skittish :: lively; frisky
sere :: parched; dry                                                                             somatic :: pertaining to the body; physical
                                                 skulduggery :: dishonest behavior
serendipity :: gift for finding valuable or                                                                      44 wordlist
                                                 skulk :: move furtively and secretly
desirable things by accident; accidental
good fortune or luck                                                                             somber :: gloomy; depressing
                                                 slacken :: slow up; loosen
serenity :: calmness, placidity                                                                  somnambulist :: sleepwalker
                                                 slag :: residue from smelting metal; dross;
                                                 waste matter                                    somnolent :: half asleep
serpentine :: winding; twisting
                                                 slake :: quench; sate                           sonorous :: resonant
serrated :: having a sawtoothed edge
                                                 slander :: defamation; utterance of false       sophist :: teacher of philosophy; quibbler;
servile :: slavish; cringing
                                                 and malicious statements                        employer of fallacious reasoning
servitude :: slavery; compulsory labor
                                                 slapdash :: haphazard; careless; sloppy         sophisticated :: worldly wise and urbane;
sever :: cut; separate                                                                           complex
                                                 sleazy :: flimsy; unsubstantial
severity :: harshness; intensity;                                                                sophistry :: use of false arguments,
                                                 sleeper :: something originally of little       especially one meant to deceive
sternness; austerity
                                                 value or importance that in time becomes
sextant :: navigation tool used to               very valuable                                   soporific :: sleep-causing; marked by
determine a ship's latitude and longitude                                                        sleepiness
                                                 sleight :: dexterity
shackle :: chain; fetter                                                                         sordid :: filthy; base; vile
                                                 slew :: large quantity or number
sham :: pretend                                                                                  spangle :: small metallic piece sewn to
                                                 slight :: insult to one's dignity; snub         clothing for ornamentation
shambles :: wreck; mess; scene of great
                                                 slipshod :: untidy or slovenly; shabby          sparse :: not thick; thinly scattered;
slaughter, bloodshed, or carnage
                                                                                                 scanty
                                                 slither :: slip or slide
shard :: fragment, generally of pottery
                                                                                                 spartan :: lacking luxury and comfort;
                                                 sloth :: slow-moving tree-dwelling
shaving :: very thin piece, usually of wood                                                      sternly disciplined
                                                 mammal
sheaf :: bundle of stalks of grain; any                                                          spasmodic :: fitful; periodic
                                                 slothful :: lazy
bundle of things tied together
                                                                                                 spat :: squabble; minor dispute
                                                 slough :: cast off
sheathe :: place into a case
                                                                                                 spate :: sudden flood
                                                 slovenly :: untidy; careless in work habits
sherbet :: flavored dessert ice
                                                                                                 spatial :: relating to space
                                                 sluggard :: lazy person
shimmer :: glimmer intermittently
                                                                                                 spatula :: broad-bladed instrument used
                                                 sluggish :: slow; lazy; lethargic
shirk :: avoid (responsibility, work, etc.);                                                     for spreading or mixing
malinger                                         sluice :: artificial channel for directing or
                                                                                                 spawn :: lay eggs
                                                 controlling the flow of water
shoddy :: sham; not genuine; inferior
                                                                                                 specious :: seemingly reasonable but
                                                 slur (n) :: insult to one's character or
shrew :: scolding woman                                                                          incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
                                                 reputation; slander
shun :: keep away from                                                                           spectral :: ghostly
                                                 slur (v) :: speak indistinctly; mumble
shunt :: turn aside; divert; sidetrack                                                           spectrum :: colored band produced when a
                                                 smattering :: slight knowledge
                                                                                                 beam of light passes through a prism
shyster :: lawyer using questionable
                                                 smelt :: melt or blend ores, changing their
methods; pettifogger                                                                             spendthrift :: someone who wastes
                                                 chemical composition
                                                                                                 money; wastrel; squanderer
sibling :: brother or sister
sphinx-like :: enigmatic; mysterious            stodgy :: stuffy; boringly conservative         substantiate :: establish by evidence;
                                                                                                verify; support
splice :: fasten together; unite                stoic :: impassive; unmoved by joy or grief
                                                                                                substantive :: essential; pertaining to the
spontaneity :: lack of premeditation;           stoke :: stir up a fire; feed plentifully       substance
naturalness; freedom from constraint
                                                stolid :: dull; impassive                       subsume :: include; encompass
spoonerism :: accidental transposition of
sounds in successive words                      stratagem :: clever trick; deceptive            subterfuge :: pretense; evasion
                                                scheme
sporadic :: occurring irregularly                                                               subtlety :: perceptiveness; ingenuity;
                                                stratified :: divided into classes; arranged    delicacy
sportive :: playful                             into strata
                                                                                                subversive :: tending to overthrow;
spruce :: neat and trim                         stratum :: layer of earth's surface; layer of   destructive
                                                society
spry :: vigorously active; *nimble*                                                             succinct :: brief; terse; compact
                                                strew :: spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter
spurious :: false; counterfeit; forged;                                                         succor :: aid; assist; comfort
illogical                                       striated :: marked with paralleled bands;
                                                grooved                                         succulent :: juicy; full of richness
spurn :: reject; scorn
                                                stricture :: critical comments; severe and      succumb :: yield; give in; die
squabble :: minor quarrel; bickering            adverse criticism.
                                                                                                suffragist :: advocate of voting rights (for
squalor :: filth; degradation; dirty,           strident :: loud and harsh; insistent           women)
neglected state
                                                stringent :: binding; rigid                     suffuse :: spread over
squander :: waste
                                                strut (1) :: pompous walk                       sully :: tarnish; soil
squat :: stocky; short and thick
                                                strut (2) :: supporting bar                     sultry :: sweltering
staccato :: played in an abrupt manner;
marked by abrupt, sharp sound                   studied :: unspontaneous; deliberate;           summation :: act of finding the total;
                                                thoughtful                                      summary
stagnant :: motionless; stale; dull
                                                stultify :: make ineffective or useless;        sumptuous :: lavish; rich
staid :: sober; sedate                          reduce to foolishness or absurdity
                                                                                                sunder :: separate; part
stalemate :: deadlock                           stupefy :: make numb; stun; amaze
                                                                                                sundry :: various; several
stalwart :: strong, brawny; steadfast           stupor :: state of apathy; daze; lack of
                                                awareness                                       superannuated :: retired or disqualified
stamina :: strength; staying power                                                              because of age
                                                stymie :: present an obstacle; stump
stanch :: check flow of blood                                                                   supercilious :: arrogant; condescending;
                                                suavity :: urbanity; polish                     patronizing
stanza :: division of a poem
                                                subaltern :: subordinate                        supererogatory :: superfluous; more than
static :: unchanging; lacking development                                                       needed or demanded
                                                subdued :: less intense; quieter
statute :: law enacted by the legislature                                                       superficial :: trivial; shallow
                                                subjective :: occurring or taking place
statutory :: created by statute or              within the mind; unreal                         superfluous :: excessive; overabundant,
legislative action                                                                              unnecessary
                                                subjugate :: conquer; bring under control
steadfast :: loyal; unswerving                                                                  superimpose :: place over something else
                                                sublimal :: below the threshold
stealth :: slyness; sneakiness;                                                                 supernumerary :: person or thing in
secretiveness                                   sublimate :: refine; purify                     excess of what is necessary; extra
steep :: soak; saturate                         sublime :: exalted; noble and uplifting;        supersede :: cause to be set aside;
                                                *utter*                                         replace; make obsolete
stellar :: pertaining to the stars
                                                                45 wordlist                     supine :: lying on back
stem :: check the flow
                                                subliminal :: below the threshold of            supplant :: replace; usurp
stem from :: arise from
                                                consciousness; too faint or rapid to be
                                                consciously perceived                           supple :: flexible; pliant
stentorian :: extremely loud
                                                submissive :: yielding; timid                   suppliant :: entreating; beseeching
stereotype :: fixed and unvarying
representation; standardized mental                                                             supplicate :: petition humble; pray to
                                                subordinate :: occupying a lower rank;
picture, often reflecting prejudice                                                             grant a favor
                                                inferior; submissive
stickler :: perfectionist; person who insists                                                   supposition :: hypothesis; surmise
                                                suborn :: persuade to act unlawfully
things be exactly right; *puzzling*
                                                (especially to commit perjury)
                                                                                                supposititious :: assumed; *counterfeit*;
stifle :: suppress; extinguish; inhibit                                                         hypothetical
                                                subpoena :: writ summoning a witness to
stigma :: token of disgrace; brand              appear
                                                                                                suppress :: stifle; overwhelm; subdue;
                                                subsequent :: following; later                  inhibit
stilted :: bombastic; stiffly pompous
                                                subservient :: behaving like a slave;           surfeit :: too great an amount or supply;
stint (n) :: supply; allotted amount;
                                                servile; obsequious                             satiate; stuff; indulge to excess in
assigned portion of work
                                                                                                anything
stint (v) :: be thrifty; set limits             subside :: settle down; descend; grow
                                                quiet                                           surly :: rude; cross
stipend :: pay for services
                                                subsidiary :: subordinate; secondary            surmise :: guess
stipple :: paint or draw with dots
                                                subsidy :: direct financial aid by              surmount :: overcome
stipulate :: make express conditions,           government, etc.
                                                                                                surpass :: exceed
specify
                                             subsistence :: existence; means of
                                                                                                surreptitious :: secret; furtive; sneaky;
stock :: *typical; standard*; kept regularly support; livelihood
                                                                                                hidden
in supply
                                             substantial :: ample; solid; essential or
                                             fundamental                                        surrogate :: substitute
stockade :: wooden enclosure or pen;
fixed line of posts used as defensive                                                           surveillance :: watching; guarding
barrier
susceptible :: impressionable; easily           tedium :: boredom; weariness                    thwart :: baffle; frustrate
influenced; having little resistance, as to a
disease; receptive to                           teetotalism :: practice of abstaining totally   tightwad :: excessively frugal person;
                                                from alcoholic drinks                           miser
sustain :: experience; support; nourish
                                                temerity :: boldness; rashness                  tiller :: handle used to move boat's rudder
sustenance :: means of support, food,                                                           (to steer)
nourishment                                     temper :: moderate; tone down or
                                                restrain; toughen (steel)                       timbre :: quality of a musical tone
suture :: stitches sewn to hold the cut                                                         produced by a musical instrument
edges of a wound or incision; material          temperament :: characteristic frame of
used in sewing                                  mind; disposition; emotional excess             timidity :: lack of self-confidence or
                                                                                                courage
swarthy :: dark; dusky                          temperate :: restrained; self-controlled;
                                                moderate in respect to temperature              timorous :: fearful; demonstrating fear
swathe :: wrap around; bandage
                                                tempestuous :: stormy; impassioned;             tipple :: drink (alcoholic beverages)
swelter :: be oppressed by heat                 violent                                         frequently

swerve :: deviate; turn aside sharply           tempo :: speed of music                         tirade :: extended scolding; denunciation;
                                                                                                harangue
swill :: drink greedily                         temporal :: not lasting forever; limited by
                                                time; secular                                   titanic (n->) titan :: gigantic
swindler :: cheat
                                                temporize :: avoid committing oneself;          tithe :: tax of one-tenth
sybarite :: lover of luxury                     gain time
                                                                                                titillate :: tickle
sycophant :: servile flatterer; bootlicker;     tenacious :: holding fast
yes man                                                                                         title :: right or claim to possession; mark
                                                tenacity :: firmness; persistence               of rank; name (of a book, film, etc.)
syllogism :: logical formula consisting of a
major premise, a minor premise and a            tendentious :: having an aim; biased;           titter :: nervous laugh
conclusion; deceptive or specious               designed to further a cause
argument                                                                                        titular :: having the title of an office
                                                tender :: offer; extend                         without the obligations
sylvan :: pertaining to the woods; rustic
                                                tenet :: doctrine; dogma                        toady :: servile flatterer; yes man
symbiosis :: interdependent relationship
(between groups, species) often mutually        tensile :: capable of being stretched           toga :: Roman outer robe
beneficial
                                                tentative :: hesitant; not fully worked out     tome :: large volume; a book, esp. a
symmetry :: arrangement of parts so that        or developed, experimental; not definite or     large, scholarly or ponderous one
balance is obtained; congruity                  positive
                                                                                                                  47 wordlist
synchronous :: similarly timed;                 tenuous :: thin; rare; slim
simultaneous with                                                                               tonsure :: shaving of the head, especially
                                                tenure :: holding of an office; time during     by a person entering religious orders
synoptic :: providing a general overview;       which such an office is held
summary                                                                                         topography :: physical features of a region
                                                tepid :: lukewarm
synthesis :: combining parts into a whole                                                       torpor :: lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy
                                                termination :: end
synthetic :: artificial; resulting from                                                         torque :: twisting force; force producing
synthesis                                       terminology :: terms used in a science or       rotation
                                                art
tacit :: understood; not put into words                                                         torrent :: rushing stream; flood
                                                terminus :: last stop of railroad
taciturn :: habitually silent; taking little                                                    torrid :: *passionate*; hot or scorching
                                                terrestrial :: on or relating to the earth
tactile :: pertaining to the organs or sense                                                    torso :: trunk of statue with head and
of touch                                        terse :: concise; abrupt; pithy                 limbs missing; human trunk

taint :: contaminate; cause to lose purity;     tertiary :: third                               tortuous :: winding; full of curves
modify with a trace of something bad
                                                tesselated :: inlaid; mosaic                    totter :: move unsteadily; sway, as if
talisman :: charm                                                                               about to fall
                                                testator :: maker of a will
talon :: claw of bird                                                                           touchstone :: stone used to test the
                                                testy :: irritable; short-tempered              fineness of gold alloys; criterion
tangential :: peripheral; only slightly
                                                tether :: tie with a rope                       touchy :: sensitive; irascible
connected; *digressing (<- go off the
point)*                                         thematic :: relating to a unifying motif or     tout :: publicize; praise excessively
                                                idea
tangible :: able to be touched; real;
palpable                                                                                        toxic :: poisonous
                                                theocracy :: government run by religious
                                                leaders                                         tract :: pamphlet; a region of indefinite
tanner :: person who turns animal hides
into leather                                                                                    size
                                                theoretical :: not practical or applied;
                                                hypothetical                                    tractable :: docile; easily managed
tantalize :: tease; torture with
disappointment                                  therapeutic :: curative                         traduce :: expose to slander
tantamount :: equivalent in effect or value     thermal :: pertaining to heat                   traitor :: person guilty of betrayal, one
                                                                                                who acts disloyally
                46 wordlist                     thespian :: pertaining to drama
                                                                                                trajectory :: path taken by a projectile
tantrum :: fit of petulance; caprice            thrall :: slave; bondage
                                                                                                tranquility :: calmness; peace
taper :: candle                                 threadbare :: worn through till the threads
                                                show; shabby and poor                           transcendent :: surpassing; exceeding
tarry :: delay; dawdle
                                                                                                ordinary limits; superior
                                                thrifty :: careful about money; economical
taut :: tight; ready, trim, tidy, well-
                                                                                                transcribe :: copy
disciplined, efficient, etc.                    thrive :: prosper; flourish
                                                                                                transgression :: violation of a law; sin
tautological :: needlessly repetitious          throes :: violent anguish
                                                                                                transient :: momentary; temporary;
tawdry :: cheap and gaudy                       throng :: crowd                                 staying for a short time
taxonomist :: specialist in classifying         throttle :: strangle
(animals, etc.)
transition :: going from one state of action    tutelage :: guardianship; training              unison :: unity of pitch; complete accord
to another
                                                tutelary :: protective; pertaining to a         universal :: characterizing or affecting all;
transitory :: impermanent; fleeting             guardianship                                    present everywhere

translucent :: partly transparent               tycoon :: wealthy leader                        unkempt :: disheveled; uncared for in
                                                                                                appearance
transmute :: change; convert to                 typhoon :: tropical hurricane or cyclone
something different                                                                             unmitigated :: unrelieved or immoderate;
                                                tyranny :: oppression; cruel government         *absolute*
transparent :: easily detected; permitting
light to pass through freely                    tyro :: beginner; novice                        unobtrusive :: inconspicuous; not blatant

transpire :: be revealed; happen                ubiquitous :: being everywhere;                 unprecedented :: novel; unparalleled
                                                omnipresent
transport :: strong emotion                                                                     unprepossessing :: unattractive
                                                                48 wordlist
trappings :: outward decorations;                                                               unravel :: disentangle; solve
ornaments                                       ulterior :: situated beyond; unstated and
                                                often questionable                              unrequited :: not reciprocated;
traumatic :: pertaining to an injury caused                                                     unanswered
by violence                                     ultimate :: final; not susceptible to further
                                                analysis                                        unruly :: disobedient; lawless
travail :: painful labor
                                                ultimatum :: last demand; warning               unsavory :: distasteful; morally offensive
traverse :: go through or across
                                                umbrage :: resentment; anger; sense of          unscathed :: unharmed
travesty :: comical parody; treatment           injury or insult
aimed at making something appear                                                                unseemly :: unbecoming; indecent; in
ridiculous                                      unaccountable :: inexplicable;                  poor taste
                                                unreasonable or mysterious
treatise :: article treating a subject                                                          unsightly :: ugly
systematically and thoroughly                   unanimity :: complete agreement
                                                                                                unsullied :: untarnished
trek :: travel; journey                         unassailable :: not subject to question; not
                                                open to attack                                  untenable :: indefensible; not able to be
tremor :: trembling; slight quiver                                                              maintained
                                                unassuaged :: unsatisfied; not soothed
tremulous :: trembling; wavering                                                                untoward :: unfortunate or unlucky;
                                                unassuming :: modest                            adverse; unexpected
trenchant :: cutting; keen
                                                unbridled :: violent                            unwarranted :: unjustified; groundless;
trepidation :: fear; nervous apprehension                                                       undeserved
                                                uncanny :: strange; mysterious
tribulation :: distress; suffering                                                              unwieldy :: awkward; cumbersome;
                                                unconscionable :: unscrupulous; excessive       unmanageable
tribute :: * tax levied by a ruler *; mark of
respect                                         uncouth :: outlandish; clumsy; boorish          unwitting :: unintentional; not knowing

trident :: three-pronged spear                  unction :: the act of anointing with oil        unwonted :: unaccustomed

trifling :: trivial; unimportant                unctuous :: oily; bland; * insincerely          upbraid :: severely scold; reprimand
                                                suave*
trigger :: set off                                                                              uproarious :: marked by commotion;
                                                underlying :: fundamental; lying below          extremely funny; very noisy
trilogy :: group of three works
                                                undermine :: weaken; sap                        upshot :: the conclusion; result; outcome
trinket :: knickknack; bauble
                                                underscore :: emphasize                         urbane :: suave; refined; elegant
trite :: hackneyed; commonplace
                                                undulating :: moving with a wavelike            urchin :: mischievous child (usually a boy)
trivia :: trifles; unimportant matters          motion
                                                                                                ursine :: bearlike; pertaining to a bear
troth :: pledge of good faith especially in     unearth :: dig up
betrothal                                                                                       usurp :: seize another's power or rank
                                                unearthly :: not earthly; weird
trough :: * container for feeding farm                                                          usury :: lending money at illegal rates of
animals *; lowest point (of a wave,             unequivocal :: plain; obvious                   interest
business cycle, etc)
                                                unerringly :: infallible                        utopia :: ideal place, state, or society
truculence :: aggressiveness; ferocity
                                                unexceptionable :: not offering any basis       uxorious :: excessively devoted to one's
truism :: self-evident truth                    for criticism; entirely acceptable              wife

truncate :: cut the top off                     unfaltering :: steadfast                        vacillate :: waver; fluctuate

tryst :: meeting                                unfeigned :: genuine; real                      vacuous :: empty; lacking in ideas; stupid

tumid :: swollen; (of style etc.) pompous;      unfettered :: liberated; freed from chains      vagabond :: wanderer; tramp
bombastic
                                                unfledged :: immature                           vagary :: caprice; whim
tumult :: commotion; riot; noise
                                                unfrock :: to strip a priest or minister of     vagrant (adj.) :: wandering from place to
tundra :: rolling, treeless plain in Siberia    church authority                                place or living a wandering life; nomadic
and Arctic North America                                                                        stray; random
                                                ungainly :: awkward; clumsy; unwieldy
turbid :: muddy; having the sediment                                                            vagrant (n) :: homeless wanderer
disturbed                                       unguent :: ointment
                                                                                                vainglorious :: boastful; excessively
turbulence :: state of violent agitation        uniformity :: sameness; monotony                conceited

tureen :: deep dish for serving soup            unilateral :: one-sided                         valedictory :: pertaining to farewell

turgid :: swollen; distended                    unimpeachable :: blameless and                  valid :: logically convincing; sound; legally
                                                exemplary                                       acceptable
turmoil :: great commotion and confusion
                                                uninhibited :: unrepressed                      validate :: confirm; ratify
turncoat :: traitor
                                                unintimidating :: unfrightening                 valor :: bravery
turpitude :: depravity (<-a depraved
condition; corruption; wickedness)              unique :: without an equal; single in kind      vampire :: ghostly being that sucks the
                                                                                                blood of the living
vanguard :: forerunners; advance forces         vertex :: summit                                   voluble :: fluent; glib; talkative

vantage :: position giving an advantage         vertigo :: severe dizziness                        voluminous :: bulky; large

vapid :: dull and unimaginative; insipid        verve :: enthusiasm; liveliness                    voracious :: ravenous
and flavorless
                                                vestige :: trace; remains                          vortex :: whirlwind; whirlpool; center of
vaporize :: turn into vapor (steam, gas,                                                           turbulence; predicament into which one is
fog, etc.)                                      vex :: annoy; distress                             inexorably plunged

variegated :: many-colored                      viable :: practical or workable; capable of        vouchsafe :: grant condescendingly;
                                                maintaining life                                   guarantee
vassal :: humble dependent; (hist.) holder
of land by feudal tenure                        viand :: food                                      voyeur :: Peeping Tom

vaunted :: boasted; bragged; highly             vicarious :: experienced imaginatively             vulnerable :: susceptible to wounds
publicized                                      through another person; acting as a
                                                substitute; done by a deputy;                      vulpine :: like a fox; crafty
veer :: change in direction
                                                vicissitude :: change of fortune                   waffle :: speak equivocally about an issue
vegetate :: live in a monotonous way; 2)
to grow as plants                               victuals :: food                                   waft :: moved gently by wind or waves

vehement :: forceful; intensely emotional;      vie :: contend; compete                            waggish :: mischievous; humorous; tricky
with marked vigor
                                                vigilant :: watchful awake; alert to spot          waif :: homeless child or animal
                49 wordlist                     danger
                                                                                                   waive :: give up temporarily; yield
velocity :: speed                               vignette :: picture; short literary sketch
                                                                                                   wake :: trail of ship or other object
venal :: capable of being bribed                vigor :: active strength                           through water; path of something that has
                                                                                                   gone before; (2) in the w---e of -->
vendetta :: blood feud                          vilify :: slander                                  following

vendor :: seller                                vindicate :: clear from blame; exonerate;          wallow :: roll in; indulge in; become
                                                justify or support                                 helpless
veneer :: thin layer; cover
                                                vindictive :: out for revenge; malicious           wan :: having a pale or sickly color; pallid
venerable :: deserving high respect
                                                vintner :: winemaker; seller of wine               wanderlust :: strong longing to travel
venerate :: revere
                                                viper :: poisonous snake                           wane :: decrease in size or strength; draw
venial :: forgivable; trivial                                                                      gradually to an end
                                                virile :: manly
venison :: the meat of a deer                                                                      wangle :: wiggle out; fake
                                                virtual :: in essence; for practical purposes
venom :: poison; hatred                                                                            wanton :: unrestrained; willfully malicious;
                                                virtue :: goodness; moral excellence; good         unchaste
vent :: small opening; outlet                   quality
                                                                                                   warble :: sing; babble
vent (v) :: express; utter                      virtuoso :: highly skilled artist
                                                                                                   warranted :: justified; authorized
ventral :: abdominal                            virulent :: extremely poisonous; hostile;
                                                bitter                                             warranty :: guarantee; assurance by seller
ventriloquist :: someone who can make his
or her voice seem to come from another          virus :: disease communicator                      warren :: tunnels in which rabbits live;
person or thing                                                                                    crowded conditions in which people live
                                                visage :: face; appearance
venture :: risk; dare; undertake a risk                                                            wary :: very cautious
                                                visceral :: felt in one's inner organs
venturesome :: bold                                                                                wastrel :: profligate (<-extravagant)
                                                viscid :: adhesive; gluey
venue :: location                                                                                  wax :: increase; grow
                                                viscous :: sticky, gluey
veracious :: truthful                                                                              waylay :: ambush; lie in wait
                                                vise :: tool for holding work in place
veracity :: truthfulness                                                                           wean :: accustom a baby not to nurse;
                                                visionary :: produced by imagination;              *give up a cherished activity*
verbalize :: put into words                     fanciful; mystical
                                                                                                   weather :: endure the effects of weather
verbatim :: word for a word                     vital :: *vibrant and lively*; critical; living,   or other forces
                                                breathing
verbiage :: pompous array of words                                                                 welt :: mark from a beating or whipping
                                                vitiate :: spoil the effect of; make
verbose :: wordy                                inoperative                                        welter (n) :: turmoil; bewildering jumble
verdant :: green; lush in vegetation; *         vitreous :: pertaining to or resembling            welter (v) :: wallow
inexperienced *                                 glass
                                                                                                   wheedle :: cajole; coax; deceive by
verdigris :: green coating on copper which      vitriolic :: corrosive; sarcastic                  flattery
has been exposed to the weather
                                                vituperative :: abusive; scolding                  whelp :: young wolf, dog, tiger, etc.
verge :: border; edge
                                                vivacious :: lively or animated; sprightly         whiff :: puff or gust (of air, scent, etc.);
verisimilar :: probable or likely; having the                                                      hint
appearance of truth                             vivisection :: act of dissecting living
                                                animals                                            whimsical :: capricious; fanciful
verisimilitude :: appearance of truth,
likelihood                                      vixen :: female fox; ill-tempered woman            whinny :: neigh like a horse

veritable :: actual; being truly so; not false vociferous :: clamorous; noisy                      whit :: smallest speck
or imaginary
                                               vogue :: popular fashion                            whittle :: pare; cut off bits
verity :: quality of being true; lasting truth
or principle                                                  50 wordlist                          whorl :: ring of leaves around stem; ring

vernacular :: living language; natural style    volatile :: changeable; explosive;                 willful :: intentional; headstrong
                                                evaporating rapidly
vernal :: pertaining to spring                                                                     wily :: cunning; artful
                                                volition :: act of making a conscious
versatile :: having many talents; capable       choice; wish                                       wince :: shrink back; flinch
of working in many fields
windfall :: fallen fruit; unexpected lucky                                                      akrolith :: statue made of two materials
event                                                        Special wordlist                   head (Sculpture)

winnow :: sift; separate good parts from       abbey :: monastery (Religion)                    alabaster :: translucent marble like stone
bad                                                                                             for carving (Sculpture)
                                               abbot :: superior of monastery (Religion)
winsome :: agreeable; gracious; engaging                                                        alfresco :: food eaten outdoors (Eating)
                                               abduction :: carrying of a person by force
wispy :: thin; slight; barely discernible      (Crime)                                          algo phobia :: fear of pain (Phobias)

wistful :: vaguely longing; sadly pensive      ablution :: ritual bathing of body or            alias :: false name used by criminals
                                               washing of object or person (Religion)           (Crime)
withdrawn :: introverted; *remote*
                                               ablutomania :: chronic obsession with            alibi :: excuse given to avert blame
wither :: shrivel; decay                       bathing (Mania)                                  (Crime)
withhold :: refuse to give; hold back          absolution :: forgiveness for sins (Religion)    aliment :: food as nourishment (Eating)

withstand :: stand up against; successful      abulia :: loss of will or ability to act         allegory :: extended metaphor (Language)
resist                                         (Psychological)
                                                                                          allegro :: rapid movements accompanied
witless :: foolish; idiotic                    accessory :: person, who though absent,    by jumps and turns (Dance)
                                               assists another to commit a crime or evade
witticism :: witty saying; wisecrack           capture (Crime)                            allemande :: court dance (Dance)

wizardry :: sorcery; magic                     accomplice :: criminal's active partner in       alliteration :: succession of words or
                                               crime (Crime)                                    stressed syllables of word group beginning
wizened :: withered; shriveled                                                                  with same consonant sound or same letter
                                               acerbic :: sour/astringent in taste, or acid     (Language)
woe :: deep, inconsolable grief; affliction;   in temper, expression, or tone (Taste)
suffering                                                                                       allocution :: address: formal speech
                                               Achilles :: greatest Greek hero of Trojan        (Language)
wont :: custom; habitual procedure             war, invulnerable to weapons except for
                                               one heel (Mythology)                             allusion :: reference to famous, historical
worldly :: engrossed matters of this earth;
                                                                                                or literary person or event (Language)
not spiritual                                  acicular :: needle (Shapes)
                                                                                                almamater :: a college where one studied
wrangle :: quarrel; obtain through             acidic :: sharp/biting in flavor (Taste)         (Education)
arguing; herd cattle
                                               acme :: highest point (Place)                    almanac :: book with information on
wrath :: pull away; take by violence
                                                                                                various fields (Literature)
                                               acolyte :: altar server (Religion)
writ :: written command issued by a court
                                                                                                aloft :: high in air (Place)
                                               acquittal :: act of relieving accused from
writhe :: twist in coils; contort in pain      charge of alleged crime (Crime)                  altar :: raised platform where sacrifices
wry :: twisted; with a humorous twist                                                           and offerings are made to god (Religion)
                                               acrid :: sharp/biting/pungent (Taste)
xenophobia :: fear or hatred of foreigners                                                      altercation :: dispute; contest (Fights)
                                               acrophobia :: fear of heights (Phobias)
yen :: longing; urge                                                                            alto :: female voice sung at a lower pitch
                                               acute :: of an angle less than 900               than soprano (Music)
                                               (Shapes)
yeoman :: man owning small estate;
middle-class farmer                                                                             altruist :: an unselfish person, benevolent
                                               adage :: proverb (Language)                      (Personality Traits)
yield (n) :: amount produced; crop;            Adonis :: beautiful Greek young man who
income on investment                                                                            amatho phobia :: fear of dust (Phobias)
                                               symbolized the death of nature in full and
                                               reborn the following spring (Mythology)          amazons :: single breasted seythian
yield (v) :: give in; surrender
                                                                                                women warriors (Mythology)
                                               aeolus :: god of winds (Gods)
yoke :: join together, unite
                                                                                                ambrosia :: 1) appealing to smell or taste
                                               aero phobia :: fear of heights (Phobias)         2) food of the gods (Aroma)
yokel :: country bumpkin
                                               afflict :: inflict injury or distress (Fights)   ambrosia :: food of the gods conferring
yore :: time long past
                                                                                                them immortality (Mythology)
                                               aftertaste :: sensation of taste remaining
zany :: crazy; comic
                                               after substance is eaten (Taste)                 ambush :: surprise attack by concealed
zeal :: eager enthusiasm                                                                        force (Fights)
                                               Agamemnon :: leader of the Greeks during
zealot :: fanatic; person who shows            the seize of troy (Mythology)                    amen :: solemn ramification of faith used
excessive zeal                                                                                  at the end of prayers (Religion)
                                               agita :: condition of general anxiety or
zenith :: point directly overhead in the       agitation (Psychological)                        amentia :: mental deficiency especially low
sky; summit                                                                                     intellectual capacity (Psychological)
                                               agitprop :: informal drama supporting
zephyr :: gentle breeze; west wind             leftist ideology (Theatre)                       amnesia :: partial or complete memory
                                                                                                loss (Psychological)
                                               agnostic :: a person who doubts the
                                               ultimate knowledge of god, skeptic,              amnesty :: pardon given to a political
                                               doubter, cynic (Personality Traits)              prisoner (Crime)
                                               agnosticism :: belief that human beings          amphitheater :: large, round, open theatre
                                               can't know whether there is a god                (Theatre)
                                               (Sociology)
                                                                                             amphitrite :: goddess of sea (Gods)
                                               agnosticism :: belief that god's existence is
                                               unknowable; nescience (Religion)              anadiplosis :: repetition of last word in
                                                                                             phrase or sentence to constitute first word
                                               agora phobia :: fear of crowds or open        in phrase or sentence (Language)
                                               places (Phobias)
                                                                                             anaphora :: repetition of same word or
                                               agyro phobia :: fear of crossing the street   phrase to begin consecutive sentences or
                                               (Phobias)                                     clauses (Language)
                                               ailuro phobia :: fear of cats (Phobias)          anagram :: rearrangement of letters in
                                                                                                one word to form another word
                                               ailuromania :: intense enthusiasm for cats
                                                                                                (Language)
                                               (Mania)
                                                                                                anarchist :: one who resists all authority
                                               air :: simple tune, melody or song (Music)
                                                                                                (Violence)
anarchist :: a law breaker (Personality         Aphrodite :: goddess of love and beauty         astringent :: harshly biting to taste buds
Traits)                                         (Gods)                                          (Taste)

anathema :: curse, ban or                       api phobia :: fear of bees (Phobias)            at peace :: dead (Death)
excommunication pronounced by religious
authority (Religion)                            apical :: narrowing to a pointed tip            at peace :: dead (Death)
                                                (Shapes)
anathema :: formal denunciation                                                                 atlas :: titan bearing earth and firmament
(Language)                                      apogee :: highest or most distant point         on his shoulders (Mythology)
                                                (Place)
anchor :: object that has a broad, hook                                                         atrocity :: cruel in human act (Violence)
like arm (Shapes)                               apolitical :: having no interest in politics
                                                (Sociology)                                     aubade :: sunrise music (Music)
anchorite :: religious hermit (Religion)
                                                Apollo :: god of arts, intellect & property     autism :: 1) lack of responsiveness to
andro phobia :: fear of men (Phobias)           (Gods)                                          others (among children) 2) deficiency in
                                                                                                language development (Psychological)
anecdote :: short narrative or descriptive      aposiopesis :: abrupt interruption that
revealing point of interest about person or     leaves thought incomplete (Language)            auto mania :: compulsion toward solitude
event (Language)                                                                                (Mania)
                                                apostate :: a person who breaks religious
anglo phobia :: fear or dislike of England      principles, defector (Personality Traits)       auto phobia :: fear of loneliness (Phobias)
or anything English (Phobias)
                                                apostate :: deserter of religious faith         autodidact :: a self-taught person
anglophile :: a lover of English language       (Religion)                                      (Education)
(Education)
                                                apostle :: messenger/preacher of religious      autopsy :: postmortem & necropsy (Death)
animality :: expression of animal instincts     principles (Religion)
in human behavior (Psychological)                                                               axiom :: self evident truth (Language)
                                                apothegm :: tersely worded maxim
animism :: a belief that natural objects        (Language)                                      azimuth :: of horizon measured clockwise
possess souls (Anthropology)                                                                    from fixed point at north or south
                                                apotheosis :: deification esp. by elevating     (Dimension)
animism :: belief that natural objects and      mortal to god (Religion)
phenomena have souls (Religion)                                                                 bacillary :: rod (Shapes)
                                                arabesque :: a dancing posture (Dance)
annealing :: softening of hammer                                                                ballad :: slow, sentimental romantic song
hardened metal by heating and gradual           arabesque :: short, classical position of the   (Music)
cooling (Sculpture)                             body and especially the feet in ballet.
                                                (Music)                                         ballad :: vocal song telling sotry (Music)
annihilation :: total destruction, extinction
                                                arachnophobia :: fear of spiders (Phobias)      ballade :: piano composition in romantic
(Violence)
                                                                                                mood (Music)
annihilator :: one who utterly destroys         archaism :: old, obsolete vocabulary
                                                (Language)                                      ballet :: classical dance form (Dance)
(Violence)

                                                archangel :: chief angle (Religion)             ballet :: music written to accompany
annular :: ring shaped (Shapes)
                                                                                                balletic dance (Music)
anomie :: feeling of isolation or               arcuate :: curved like a bow (Shapes)
                                                                                                balletomane :: enthusiastic and
disconnectedness from social norms
                                                Ares :: god of war (Gods)                       knowledgeable follower of ballet (Dance)
(Psychological)
                                                Argus :: hundred eyed roman guard and        banker :: sculptor's workbench for
anorexia :: pathological fear of food
(especially among young women) leading          after his death his eyes were transferred to dressing stones (Sculpture)
to loss of appetite (Psychological)             peacock's tail after death (Mythology)
                                                                                             banquet :: a sumptuous spread of many
                                                aria :: solo song in opera (Music)           dishes (Eating)
anosmic :: having complete or partial loss
of smell (Aroma)                                                                                banshee :: female spirit who warns of
                                                arithmomania :: craze for counting and
                                                numbers (Mania)                                 death by wailing (Mythology)
antemortem :: preceding death (Death)
                                                armature :: framework used to support           barbarian :: cruel, uncivilized brute
anthem :: 1) sacred vocal composition
                                                sculpture in modeling process. (Sculpture)      (Violence)
with the words from scriptures 2) song of
praise (Music)                                                                                  barbecue :: outdoor meal consisting of
                                                aroma :: 1) agreeable odor (Aroma)
                                                                                                meats cooked over charcoal (Eating)
antho phobia :: fear of flowers (Phobias)
                                                aromatic :: having a pleasant scent or
                                                odor (Aroma)                                    bard :: composer/singer of epic poetry
anthology :: collection of writings by
                                                                                                (Literature)
different authors (Literature)
                                                arraignment :: appearance in court for
                                                indictment on charges (Crime)                   barghest :: legendary doglike goblin that
anthomania :: inordinate interest in
                                                                                                portends death or misfortune (Mythology)
flowers (Mania)
                                                arson :: intentionally setting fire to
                                                property (Crime)                                baritone :: male voice (Music)
anthropology :: it is the study of physical
and socio cultural aspects of human kind                                                        barn dance :: rural American social dance
                                                arsonist :: person who intentionally sets a
(Anthropology)                                                                                  (Dance)
                                                fire (Crime)
anthropomorphism :: attribution of human                                                        barrow :: mound of earth and stones over
                                           arsonist :: one who sets things on fire;
shape and character to animals (Sociology)                                                      grave (Death)
                                           incendiary (Violence)
anthropomorphism :: practice of endowing                                                        basilisk :: serpent with deadly breath and
                                                askew :: twisted to one side (Dimension)
natural world with human attributes                                                             glance; cockatrice (Mythology)
(Mythology)                                     aslant :: obliquely at a slant (Dimension)
                                                                                                bass :: lowest normal male voice (Music)
anthropophagi :: cannibalism                    asleep :: dead; into the state of death
(Anthropology)                                  (Death)                                         bastinado :: beating with stick or cudgel
                                                                                                (Violence)
antithesis :: use of strongly contrasting       asphyxiation :: death by lack of oxygen or
words and images (Language)                     from breathing obstruction, smothering;         batho phobia :: fear of deep places
                                                suffocation (Death)                             (Phobias)
antonym :: pseudonym formed by
backward spelling of real name (Language) assassination :: murder of public figure              baton :: conductor's light rod used to keep
                                            (Crime)                                             time (Music)
apartheid :: racial segregation (Sociology)
                                                assassination :: murder of a public figure      battery :: group of guns or missile
apex :: highest point (Place)                                                                   launchers operated together at one place
                                                (Death)
                                                                                                (Crime)
aphorism :: succinct, memorable
                                                astra phobia :: fear of lightening/thunder
statement of a truth (maxim) (Language)                                                         battery :: physical beating of a person
                                                (Phobias)
                                                                                                (Fights)
beeline :: 1) direct course 2) straight line   bolero :: music written in the rhythm of        cabaret :: song style typical of night club
(Dimension)                                    the bolero dance (Dance)                        entertainment (Music)

behemoth :: any creature of monstrous          bolt :: swallow food/drink hurriedly            cacology :: poor diction or pronunciation
size and power (Mythology)                     (Eating)                                        (Language)

belletrist :: author of amusing works          bolus :: lumpy rounded mass (Shapes)            cadaver :: dead body exp (Death)
(Literature)
                                               bookie :: person accepting illegal bets         cairn :: heap of stones set up as memorial
bellicose :: a person who loves aggression,    (Crime)                                         to the deceased (Death)
belligerent, military, hostile, assuasive
(hostile attitude) (Personality Traits)        bootlegger :: seller of illegal items (Crime)   calligrapher :: a person with good
                                                                                               handwriting (Personality Traits)
benchmark :: point/reference for making        bootlegging :: illegal production,
measurements (Place)                           distribution or sale of something already       calliope :: chief muse; muse of epic heroic
                                               owned or copyrighted (Crime)                    poetry (Mythology)
benediction :: blessing (Religion)
                                               botryoidal :: formed like a bunch of grapes     cancan :: high kicking stage dance
benevolent :: a kind hearted person,           (Shapes)                                        (Dance)
altruistic, benign, benignant, renegade,
runagate, (Personality Traits)                 bouquet :: distinctive aroma of wines or        cannibal :: person who eats human flesh
                                               liquors (Aroma)                                 (Violence)
benison :: blessing (Religion)
                                               bouquinisite :: person who buys and sells       canon :: works ascribed to author and
bereaved :: family and friends of the dead     used books (Literature)                         accepted as genuine/religious law
(Death)                                                                                        (Literature)
                                               brackish :: having a slightly salty taste
berserker :: frenzied and ferocious warrior    (Taste)                                         canon :: religious code/doctrine (Religion)
(Violence)
                                               brawl :: noisy fight or quarrel (Fights)        canticle :: liturgical song based on bible
bethel :: church for seamen (Religion)                                                         text (Music)
                                               break in :: illegal entry of another's
biannual :: 1) occurring twice a year 2)       property (Crime)                                canto :: melody in choral or instrumental
semi annual 3) occurring every two years                                                       music (Music)
(Time)                                         brigand :: bandit, (Crime)
                                                                                               cantor :: singer/leader of choir (Religion)
bibelot :: small book (Literature)             briny :: salty in flavor (Taste)
                                                                                               cap sheaf :: highest point (Place)
bibliognost :: people with comprehensive       broil :: noisy argument/fight (Fights)
knowledge of books (Literature)                                                                carnage :: bloody slaughter of large
                                               bromide :: a trite or obvious remark            number of people (Death)
bibliography :: list of resources used in      (Language)
compiling a book (Literature)                                                                  carnage :: large scale destruction of life
                                               browbeat :: wave a weapon menacingly            (Violence)
bibliomania :: inordinate interest in          (Fights)
acquiring books (Mania)                                                                        carol :: traditional song of faith especially
                                               browbeat :: intimidate (Fights)                 heard at Christmas (Music)
bibliophile :: lover of books and literature
(Literature)                                   Brownie :: tiny, fanciful, brown elf who        carrion :: dead body left out for animals
                                               does household chores at night                  and birds to eat (Death)
bibliophile :: a lover of books (Education)    (Mythology)
                                                                                               carving :: cutting away of wood or stone to
bicentennial :: 1) occurring every 200         brunch :: late morning meal (Eating)            create three forms (Sculpture)
years (Time)
                                               brunch :: food taken in between breakfast       casket :: elaborate coffin (Death)
biennial :: 1) occurring every 2 years 2)      and lunch (Taste)
two year anniversary (Time)                                                                    casting :: reproduction technique using a
                                               bruxism :: unconscious grinding or              mold (Sculpture)
bier :: coffin (Death)                         gnashing of teeth usually during sleep
                                               (Psychological)                                 casualty :: person killed in war/accident
bifrost :: rainbow bride between heaven                                                        (Death)
and earth (Mythology)                          buffet :: food arranged for self service
                                               (Eating)                                        cat burglar :: one skilled at breaking into
bilateral :: two sided (Shapes)                                                                buildings even those secured against theft,
                                               buffo :: male opera singer who specializes      by climbing through upstairs windows
bimonthly :: 1) occurring every two            in comic parts (Music)                          (Crime)
months 2) bimensal (Time)
                                               bugbear :: goblin that devours disobedient      catacomb :: underground cemetery
bipedalism :: locomotion on two feet           children (Mythology)                            consisting of tunnels with recesses for
(Anthropology)                                                                                 tombs (Death)
                                               bulimia :: excessive eating followed by self
bissextile day :: feb 29; occurring every      induced vomiting (Psychological)                catafalque :: decorated bier on which a
fourth year (Time)                                                                             coffin rests in state during a funeral
                                               bully :: overbearing person who terrorizes      (Death)
bistro :: cheap restaurant (Eating)            weaker people (Violence)
                                                                                               catenate :: chain like in shape (Shapes)
bite the dust :: die (Death)                   bump off (sl) :: murder (Death)
                                                                                               caustic :: sharp/acidic (Taste)
black humor :: the juxtaposition of morbid     bunko :: swindle by taking advantage of
and farcical elements (in writing or drama)    victim's ignorance (Crime)                      celibacy :: abstention from marriage and
to give a disturbing effect (Death)                                                            sexual relations as by priest (Religion)
                                               burglar :: thief (Crime)
blasphemy :: intentional offence to god                                                        cenobite :: member of religious order
(Religion)                                     burlesque :: 1) satire 2) entertainment         living in convent/monastery (Religion)
                                               (Theatre)
blight :: run, cause to wither or decay                                                        cenotaph :: honorary tomb for person
(Fights)                                       bust :: sculpture of upper part of body,        buried elsewhere (Death)
                                               (Sculpture)
blitz :: lightening quick attack (Fights)                                                      centaur :: half (Mythology)
                                               busyboy :: a cleaner in a restaurant
blow away (sl) :: murder (Death)               (Eating)                                        centrifugal :: moving away from the
                                                                                               center/axis (Dimension)
blue moon :: long period of time (Time)        butcher :: slaughter or kill in a barbarous
                                               or indiscriminate manner (Death)                centripetal :: moving toward the
bluebeard :: any man who allegedly                                                             center/axis (Dimension)
murders a series of women he has married       butt :: strike with head (Fights)
(Crime)                                                                                        cerecloth :: waxed cloth for wrapping
                                           byword :: proverb word or phrase                    corpse or cerement (Death)
bogeyman :: frightening, demonic figure of associated with a person or thing
popular folklore (Mythology)               (Language)
chafe :: rub against so as to wear away       coda :: final section of classical grand      cremains :: ashes of cremated body
(Fights)                                      dance (two performers) (Dance)                (Death)

chambers :: judge's private office            code :: passage added to final section of     crematorium :: crematory (Death)
adjoining court room (Crime)                  piece (Music)
                                                                                            crescendo :: gradual, steady increase in
chant :: sacred song (Music)                  codex :: manuscript book (classical or        volume (Music)
                                              biblical) (Literature)
chantey :: sailor's work song (Music)                                                       crest :: highest point (Place)
                                              collar :: seize by neck (Fights)
chapel :: small house of worship                                                            criminology :: study of crime its causes
associated with larger church (Religion)      cologne :: mildly perfumed toilet water       (Crime)
                                              (Aroma)
chaplain :: person conducting religious                                                     cromlech :: circle of stone monoliths on
services in places other than church          colossus :: extremely large scale sculpture   burial mound (Death)
(Religion)                                    dance forms (Sculpture)
                                                                                            crook :: criminal (Crime)
Charleston :: vigorous ballroom dance         colporteur :: person who travels about to
(Dance)                                       sell bibles (Religion)                        crook :: bent or hooked form 14 central
                                                                                            axis (Shapes)
chase :: finish metal surface (Sculpture)     comestibles :: edibles (Eating)
                                                                                            crown :: highest point (Place)
chauvinism :: unreasonable devotion to        commute :: reduce sentence (Crime)
one's race, sex, country (Sociology)                                                        Crucifixion :: nailing of hands and feet to
                                              compendium :: concise but comprehensive       cross (Death)
chef :: chief cook (Eating)                   work (Literature)
                                                                                          crunch :: grind or press (Fights)
cherub :: one of second order of angels       concert :: live performance of music before
(Religion)                                    audience (Music)                            cryo phobia :: fear of cold (Phobias)

chestnut :: odd and unfamiliar anecdote or    concertino :: short concerto (Music)          cryonics :: freezing of recently deceased
joke (Language)                                                                             people in hopes of resuscitation when cure
                                              concerto :: composition with more             exists for their fatal disease (Death)
chimera :: flame (Mythology)                  instruments (Music)
                                                                                            crypt :: underground vault or burial
chisel :: sharp (Sculpture)                   concordance :: alphabetical index of topics   chamber (Death)
                                              / subjects (Literature)
chloris :: goddess of flowers (Gods)                                                        cuisine :: specific style of food (Eating)
                                              conductor :: leader of orchestra (Music)
choir :: group of singers (Music)                                                           cupid :: god of love (Gods)
                                              conflagration :: extensive, extremely
choking :: wind pipe obstruction by           destructive fire (Violence)                   curate :: clergyman (Religion)
physical pressure or due to breathing of
poisoned air (Death)                          conga :: a ball room dance (Dance)            curia :: the papal court (Religion)

choreo mania :: craze for dancing (Mania)     connoisseur :: a person with a                cusp :: point or apex, tip of crescent
                                              discriminating taste in food (Taste)          (Shapes)
choreography :: art of devising form,
sequence and purpose of ballet                connoisseur :: an expert of food, drink and   cynic :: a person who is unhappy with
movements (Dance)                             arts, critic, expert, judge (Personality      human nature, skeptic, scoffer, detraction,
                                              Traits)                                       iritic (Personality Traits)
chorister :: member of a choir (Music)
                                              consecration :: dedication of person or       cynomania :: intense enthusaism for dogs
chrematomania :: obsessive desire for         object to sacred use (Religion)               (Mania)
money (Mania)
                                              consort :: ensemble of singers and            dactyloscopy :: method of studying
chrometo phobia :: fear of money              instrumentalists (Music)                      fingerprints to establish identification
(Phobias)                                                                                   (Crime)
                                              consume :: destroy completely (Fights)
cilo :: muse of history (Mythology)                                                         daemon :: supernatural force, spirit for
                                              contract (slang) :: agreement to commit       good or evil in popular folklore (Mythology)
cinderella :: fairytale heroine who escapes   murder for payment (Death)
mistreatment by step (Mythology)                                                            Daikoku :: god of wealth (Gods)
                                              contralto :: lowest female voice or voice
cinerarium :: vessel especially urn used to   part (Music)                                  danceur :: male ballet dancer (Dance)
receive ashes of the cremated dead
(Death)                                       conundrum :: riddle/questions involving       dealtor :: professional informer (Crime)
                                              (answer) a pun (Language)
circadian :: occurring in 24 hour cycles                                                    decapitation :: removal of head from neck
(Time)                                        conventicle :: a secret unauthorized          (Death)
                                              meeting for religious worship; assembly
circe :: evil woman who turned humans         for worship (Religion)                        deceased :: dead (Death)
into swine (Mythology)
                                              conviction :: legal establishment of guilt    decimation :: large scale destruction
circinate :: ring shaped (Shapes)             (Crime)                                       (Violence)

circuitous :: following an indirect path      convoluted :: twisted or coiled (Shapes)      decorum :: propriety, polite behavior
(Dimension)                                                                                 (Sociology)
                                              cook off :: contest in which competitors
circumlocution :: round about mode of         prepare their specialties (Eating)            decrescendo :: gradual decrease in volume
expression (Language)                                                                       (Music)
                                              cordate :: heart shaped (Shapes)
claustro phobia :: fear of enclosed places                                                  decussate :: `x' shaped (Shapes)
(Phobias)                                     coroner :: public official who investigates
                                              deaths not due to natural causes (Death)      deep six :: burial at sea (Death)
clemency :: mercy shown to prisoners by
authorities (Crime)                           corpse :: dead body (Death)                   defalcation :: 1) failure to meet promise 2)
                                                                                            act of embezzlement (Crime)
clino phobia :: fear of going to bed          cortege :: funeral procession (Death)
(Phobias)                                                                                   defamation :: injury to person's character
                                              cotillion :: lively social dance (Dance)      spoken (slander) or written (libel) (Crime)
clobber :: strike a hard blow (Fights)
                                              counterfeiting :: manufacturing of fake       defector :: a person who turns traitor to a
clog :: dance in which performer beats out    money (Crime)                                 cause, apostate, derelict, recreant
rhythm on floor with heavy wood shoes                                                       (Personality Traits)
(Dance)                                       crackdown :: intensification of police
                                              efforts to control crime (Crime)              defendant :: suspect on trial in court of
closet drama :: play intended to be read                                                    law (Crime)
not performed (Theatre)                       cradlesong :: lullaby (Music)
                                                                                            defile :: pollute (Fights)
club :: hit with heavy weapon (Fights)
delectable :: delicious/appetizing (Taste)     dragon :: reptilian monster, often with         entomb :: place corpse in burial tomb
                                               breath of fire (Mythology)                      (Death)
delinquent :: person who violates the law
(Crime)                                        drain :: drink everything in (container)        entomomania :: inordinate fascination with
                                               (Eating)                                        insects (Mania)
deluge :: the great flood of various
legends (Mythology)                            drill :: tool for boring holes in wood, metal   entomophobia :: fear of insects (Phobias)
                                               or stone (Sculpture)
demagogue :: a person who attacks the                                                          entree :: dish served as main meal
sentiments of masses by his speeches /a        dromo phobia :: fear of crossing streets        (Eating)
false leader (Personality Traits)              (Phobias)
                                                                                               eon :: 1) extremely long period of time 2)
demise :: death (Death)                        dromomania :: intense enthusiasm for            eon (Time)
                                               traveling (Mania)
dendroid :: tree shaped (Shapes)                                                               epicenter :: 1) exact center 2) earth's
                                               drop dead :: die suddenly (Death)               surface beneath focus of earthquake
dent :: make a depression or hollow in                                                         (Place)
something (Fights)                             drum :: hit repeatedly (Fights)
                                                                                               epigraphy :: study of ancient inscriptions
deodorant :: any agent used for                dryad :: forest nymph who protects trees        (Anthropology)
eliminating odors (Aroma)                      (Mythology)
                                                                                               epilogue :: concluding section after main
departed :: dead (Death)                       duel :: fight between 2 persons (Fights)        body of work (Literature)
deracinate :: uproot from home or native       dulcify :: sweeten (Taste)                      epitaph :: memorial inscription on
culture (Fights)                                                                               tomb/grave (Death)
                                               duodecennial :: occurring every 12 years
desecrate :: treat without respect (Fights)    (Time)                                          epoch :: 1) significant time period marked
                                                                                               by historical events 2) era (Time)
deserter :: a person who runs away from        dwarf :: small usually ugly creature with
army, fugitive, defector, traitor              magic powers (Mythology)                        eremiophobia :: fear of being alone
(Personality Traits)                                                                           (Phobias)
                                               dysfunction :: failure of mental process
despoil :: plunder or ravage (Fights)          (Psychological)                                 ergomania :: obsessive zeal for work
                                                                                               (Mania)
devour :: eat voraciously (Eating)             ecclesiastical :: relating to church as
                                               formal and established institution              ergophobia :: fear of work (Phobias)
devour :: destroy by consuming (Fights)        (Religion)
                                                                                               Eros :: god of love (Gods)
dextral :: on or leaning to the right          egoist :: a selfish person (Personality
(Dimension)                                    Traits)                                         eroto mania :: uncontrollable sexual desire
                                                                                               (Mania)
dipso phobia :: fear of drunkenness            egomania :: obsession with oneself
(Phobias)                                      (Mania)                                         erythophobia :: fear of red color (Phobias)

dipsomania :: irresistible craving for         egotist :: a conceited person, vanity,          eternity :: forever (Time)
alcoholic beverages (Mania)                    haughty, pompous, insolent, blustering
                                               (Personality Traits)                            ethnography :: systematic description of
dirge :: song of lamentation at funeral                                                        individual cultures (Anthropology)
(Death)                                        eighty sixed :: died, esp., killed (Death)
                                                                                               ethos :: characteristic/distinguishing
dirge :: slow, mournful piece of music         eisoptro phobia :: fear of mirrors (Phobias)    attitude and habits of a group (Sociology)
(Music)
                                               electrocution :: death by electric shock        etiquette :: established conventions
discobolus :: statue of athlete about to       (Death)                                         (Sociology)
toss (Sculpture)
                                               electrum :: alloy of gold and silver for fine   étude :: 1) a musical piece intended to aid
discotheque :: dance club with recorded        sculptural details (Sculpture)                  student in learning an instrument 2)
music (Music)                                                                                  vespers music (Music)
                                               elegy :: funeral song or poem of
dismember :: cut limb from limb (Fights)       lamentation for the dead (Death)                euphony :: pleasantness of sounds in
                                                                                               poetry (Literature)
dispatch :: eat up quickly (Eating)            eleutheromania :: irresistible craving for
                                               freedom (Mania)                                 euterpe :: muse of music (Mythology)
dissonance :: interval that is restless and
discordant (Music)                             eleuthorophobia :: fear of freedom              euthanasia :: merciful, painless killing of
                                               (Phobias)                                       hopelessly sick person/mercy killing
ditty :: brief, simple often humorous song                                                     (Death)
(Music)                                        eleventh hour :: last possible moment for
                                               some action (Time)                              evensong :: evening prayer (Music)
diurnal :: daily (Time)
                                               elf :: mountain fairy seen by moonlight         evisceration :: death by disembowelment
divertissement :: dance or series of short     (Mythology)                                     (=>removing of vital organs of body)
dancers without plot (Dance)                                                                   (Death)
                                               elongation :: condition of being stretched
docent :: 1) a tourist guide in a museum       or lengthened (Dimension)                       ex-con :: former convict, now released
2) a university teacher (Education)                                                            from prison (Crime)
                                               embalming :: treatment of corpse to
dogfight :: rough physical fight (Fights)      prevent decay (Death)                           exegesis :: critical interpretation of text
                                                                                               (Literature)
doggerel :: silly or bad poetry (Literature)   embezzlement :: theft of money or
                                               appropriation of property entrusted to          exegesis :: analysis and interpretation of
dolmen :: prehistoric tomb (Death)
                                               one's care (Crime)                              scriptures (Religion)
done for (infml) :: ruined, defeated, dying
                                               emboss :: decorate with low relief design       exequies :: funeral rites or ceremonies
(Death)
                                               (Sculpture)                                     (Death)
dora phobia :: fear of fur (Phobias)
                                               emetophobia :: fear of vomiting (Phobias)       exhumation :: digging up of corpse from
dorsal :: near or on the back (Place)                                                          grave (Death)
                                               endogamy :: marrying within a community
dorsolateral :: on both the back and sides     (Anthropology)                                  exogamy :: marrying out side a
(Place)                                                                                        community (Anthropology)
                                               engorge :: eat greedily (Eating)
draft :: unfinished, preliminary version of                                                    exonerate :: clear of all charges of guilt
                                               ensiform :: shaped like a sword (Shapes)        (Crime)
manuscript (Literature)
                                               entheomania :: obsessive zeal for religion      expiation :: atonement of one's sins
dragnet :: systematic police search for
                                               (Mania)                                         (Religion)
criminal (Crime)
                                                                                               expire :: die (Death)
expunge :: obliterate (Fights)                fracas :: noisy fight/brawl (Fights)             gorgons :: three monsters in the form of
                                                                                               winged sisters with power to turn the
extermination :: complete and immediate       Francophile :: a lover of French language        person viewing them into stone
elimination by killing (Death)                (Education)                                      (Mythology)
extirpate :: root out/eradicate or expel      fratricide :: killing of one's brother (Death)   gospel :: popular Christian church music
(Fights)                                                                                       (Music)
                                              frisk :: search for concealed weapons by
extortion :: demand for payment by            patting suspect's clothing (Crime)               gouge :: curved chisel (Sculpture)
threatening or force; blackmail (Crime)
                                              fugitive :: person fleeing arrest or             gouge :: force or scoop out (Fights)
extradition :: transference of criminal       imprisonment (Crime)
suspect from place of apprehension to                                                          gradine :: toothed chisel (Sculpture)
location of legal jurisdiction (Crime)        fulsome :: disgusting to the senses
                                              (Aroma)                                          graft :: bribery (Crime)
fable :: story with fantastic events and
creatures (Mythology)                         fume :: a cloud of fine particles suspended      graphologist :: a person who studies
                                              in a gas (Aroma)                                 people's behavior by their hand writing
fabulist :: person who writes fables                                                           (Personality Traits)
(Literature)                                  fumigation :: the application of a gas or
                                              smoke to something for the purpose of            grapple :: fight closely (Fights)
fairy :: small, supernatural being with       disinfecting it (Aroma)
magic powers; (Mythology)                                                                      grave robber :: person who steals corpses
                                              funk :: strong, offensive smell (Aroma)          after burial as for medical dissection or
falciform, falcate :: curved like a sickle                                                     profit; body snatcher (Death)
(Shapes)                                      fust :: strong smell (Aroma)
                                                                                               griffin :: monster (Mythology)
fandango :: dance performed by one            galeo phobia :: fear of sharks (Phobias)
couple (Dance)                                                                                 grounding :: finely polished marble
                                              gallows :: structure for hanging by the          (Sculpture)
fanfare :: trumpet flourish (Music)           neck (Death)
                                                                                               guillotine :: structure with large blade for
farce :: low comedy based on absurd           gameto phobia :: fear of marriage                decapitation (Death)
situations (Theatre)                          (Phobias)
                                                                                               gulp :: swallow hastily (Eating)
farceur (French word) :: writer of broad      gash :: cut deeply (Fights)
comedy (Literature)                                                                            gun moll :: gangster's girl friend, female
                                              gastronomy :: the art of food preparation        criminal (Crime)
faun :: sylvan demigod, ancient Italian       (Taste)
deity in human shape, with horns, pointed                                                      gunrunning :: smuggling of firearms
ears and a goat's tail; equivalent to Greek   gavotte :: French dance music (Music)            (Crime)
satyr (Mythology)
                                             genie :: spirit in human form summoned to gurge :: spiral/whirlpool (Shapes)
Faust :: character in medieval legend who    carry out one's wishes (Mythology)
sold his soul to the devil for knowledge and                                              gustatory :: pertaining to taste or tasting
                                             genocide :: killing of entire race or nation (Taste)
power (Mythology)
                                             (Death)
felon :: person guilty of a felony (Crime)                                                guzzle :: drink greedily in large amounts
                                             genre :: category of composition with a      (Eating)
felony :: serious crime (Crime)              specific style, content or form (Literature)
                                                                                          gymno phobia :: fear of nudity (Phobias)
fence :: receiver of stolen property (Crime) gephyro phobia :: fear of crossing bridges
                                             (Phobias)                                    gymnomania :: compulsion toward
fetid :: having a strong, unpleasant smell;                                               nakedness (Mania)
(Aroma)                                      gerasco phobia :: fear of old age (Phobias)
                                                                                          gyne phobia :: fear of women (Phobias)
feud :: protracted hostility between two     ghost writer :: one who writes for another
parties (Fights)                             without receiving credit (Literature)        gynecomania :: uncontrollable desire for
                                                                                          sex in males (satyromania) (Mania)
fiend :: cunningly evil person (Violence)    ghoul :: evil being that robs graves and
                                             feeds on corpses; criminal who takes         hack :: writer working for hire (Literature)
file :: abrasive metal tool for smoothing    property belonging to someone else with
and shaping (Sculpture)                      the intention of keeping it or selling it    hack :: chop up (Fights)
                                             (Death)
finale :: closing part of a music (Music)                                                 hagiography :: writings and critical studies
                                             glazomania :: fascination with list making   of saints (Religion)
Fire Eater :: A quarrelsome person; a        (Mania)
hotspur. (Violence)                                                                       hagiology :: literature or biography dealing
                                             glee club :: a club organized to sing        with lives of saints (Religion)
flap :: noisy argument (Fights)              together; choral group usually large
                                             (Music)                                      halitosis :: having foul smelling breath (a
flay :: strip off skin/whip (Fights)                                                      condition) (Aroma)
                                             gloss :: an explanation or definition of an
flippant :: a sportive person, pert,         obscure word in a text; continuous           hallucination :: disorder of imagining
frivolous, impudent, saucy, rude             commentary appearing in a text               pictures and sounds (unreal)
(Personality Traits)                         (Literature)                                 (Psychological)

flog :: beat severely with a whip or rod      glossary :: meanings of words/terms              harpy :: malicious fierce-tempered
(Fights)                                      (Literature)                                     woman; vicious winged monster; often
                                                                                               depicted as a bird with the head of a
florimania :: intense interest in plants      gnash :: grind together, of teeth (Fights)       woman (Mythology)
(Mania)
                                              gnome :: dwarfish creature who lives             have one's foot in the grave :: dying
fodder :: food given to animals (Eating)      underground (Mythology)                          (Death)

foliate :: branching (Shapes)                 gobble :: eat hurriedly (Eating)                 hearse :: large automobile used to convey
                                                                                               corpse to burial place (Death)
folio :: book (Literature)                    golem :: figure artificially constructed in
                                              human form and endowed with life                 hebdomadal :: weekly (Time)
foray :: raid (Fights)                        (Mythology)
                                                                                               hedono phobia :: fear of pleasure
fork :: point of branching (Place)            goner :: one who is dead or about to die         (Phobias)
                                              (Death)
foul :: unpleasant smelling (Aroma)                                                            hedonomania :: craving for pleasure
                                              goon :: one hired to attack others               (Mania)
foundry :: process of melting, casting or
                                              (Violence)
molding metals (Sculpture)                                                                     Helen :: Greek queen whose abduction
                                              gorge :: stuff (Eating)                          instigated the Trojan war (Mythology)
foxtrot :: two step ball room dance
(Dance)                                                                                        helio mania :: craving for the sun (Mania)
helios :: sun god (Gods)                     hymn :: religious or sacred song (Music)        intonation :: production of a tone with a
                                                                                             voice or instrument (Music)
hellion :: mischievous trouble maker         hyno mania :: excessive desire for sleep
(Violence)                                   31 (Mania)                                      inurn :: place ashes in a burial urn (Death)

hemato phobia :: fear of blood (Phobias)     hypergia phobia :: fear of responsibility       invocation :: act of calling upon deity
                                             (Phobias)                                       usually in prayer (Religion)
henchman :: person hired to perform
violent acts for another (Violence)          hypno phobia :: fear of sleep (Phobias)         iris :: messenger of god representing
                                                                                             rainbow (Mythology)
henotheism :: allegiance to one god while    hypnos :: god of sleep (Gods)
allowing worship of several other gods by                                                    irony :: words expressing other than literal
family or tribe (Religion)                   hysteria :: excessive emotional excitement      meanings (Literature)
                                             (Psychological)
Hercules :: son of Jupiter (Mythology)                                                       irrupt :: burst or break in violently (Fights)
                                             ichthyo phobia :: fear of fish (Phobias)
heresy :: unorthodox or dissenting                                                           isometric :: having equality of
religious belief (Religion)                  iconoclasm :: opposition to accepted            measurement, symmetrical (Dimension)
                                             ideas/beliefs (Sociology)
hermeneutics :: science of theological                                                       jab :: poke/punch (Fights)
interpretation (Religion)                    iconoclast :: a person who breaks dogma,
                                             dissenter, rebel (Personality Traits)           jargon :: 1) technical or specialized
Hermes :: messenger of gods (Gods)                                                           terminology of a group or profession 2)
                                             ideo phobia :: fear of ideas/reason             obscure or unintelligible language
hew :: cut or strike with an axe (Fights)    (Phobias)                                       (Language)

hiatus :: break/gap in continuity (Time)     ideogram :: written symbol (Language)           jingoism :: excessive love toward one's
                                                                                             nation (Sociology)
highway man :: person who stops              idiolect :: individual person's distinct
travelers to rob them (Crime)                manner of speaking (Language)                   jingoist :: a person with a negative
                                                                                             patriotism (Personality Traits)
hindmost :: nearest the rear position        imagery :: language used to evoke mental
(Place)                                      picture (Literature)                            joust :: contest between knights mounted
                                                                                             on horse back (Fights)
hippo mania :: craving for horses (Mania)    immemorial :: (time) extending beyond
                                             memory (Time)                                   juicy :: succulent, mouth watering (Taste)
hippo phobia :: fear of horses (Phobias)
                                             immolation :: death by fire (Death)             junk food :: low quality food (Eating)
hippocampus :: a complex neural structure
(shaped like a sea horse) consisting of      impale :: pierce with sharp stick or rod        juvenile (juvenile crime) :: criminal under
gray matter and located on the floor of      (Fights)                                        the age of delinquent illegal majority
each lateral ventric; creature who is half                                                   (Crime)
horse and half dolphin (Mythology)           impinge :: collide with (Fights)
                                                                                             kathiso mania :: craving to sit (Mania)
hodo phobia :: fear of travel (Phobias)      implode :: burst inward (Fights)
                                                                                             keen :: loud wailing lamentation for the
hold up :: armed robbery (Crime)             improvisation :: composition of music           dead (Death)
                                             while performing (Music)
holocaust :: genocide (Death)                                                                kick the bucket (slang) :: die (Death)
                                             in extremis :: at the point of death (Death)
homicide :: murder (Death)                                                                   klepto mania :: impulse to steal (Mania)
                                             incarceration :: imprisonment (Crime)
homicido mania :: impulse to commit                                                          kleptomaniac :: person unable to stop
murder (Mania)                               incinerate :: burn (Fights)                     stealing (Crime)
homograph :: word with same spelling but     incubus :: evil demon/nightmare                 knave :: unprincipled, untrustworthy or
different meaning from another word          (Mythology)                                     dishonest person (Violence)
(Language)
                                         indoctrination :: training others in one's          knell :: bell tolled to signal death or
homonym :: word with same pronunciation belief (Sociology)                                   funeral (Death)
and spelling but different meaning
(Language)                               infantilism :: abnormal regression to               lacerate :: tear or cut; deeply hurt the
                                         childish behavior in adulthood                      feelings of (Fights)
homophony :: music in which one melody   (Psychological)
dominates (Music)                                                                            lalo phobia :: fear of speaking (Phobias)
                                         inferno :: violent conflagration (Violence)
hoodlum :: tough, young street ruffian                                                       lambada :: competitive acrobatic dance
member of lawless gang; hooligan         infraction :: violation of law (Crime)              (Dance)
(Violence)
                                         ingest :: take food into body by swallowing         lamentation :: mourning aloud for the
hoodlum :: violent young ruffian (Crime) (Eating)                                            dead (Death)

hooligan :: street gang member (Crime)       ingurgitate :: consume greedily in large        larceny :: theft of personal property
                                             amounts (Eating)                                (Crime)
hora :: traditional round dance (Dance)
                                             inhume :: bury, inter (Death)                   lares :: household gods who are spirits of
horn/meniscus :: curved ends of a                                                            ancestors (Mythology)
crescent (Shapes)                            insomnia :: chronic or extreme
                                             sleeplessness (Psychological)                   lash :: strike with a whip (Fights)
hornbook :: child's primer (Literature)
                                             interim :: interval of time (Time)              leitmotif :: dominant theme (Literature)
horse play :: playful fighting (Fights)
                                             interlude :: short time intervening between leviathan :: huge biblical sea monster
hosanna :: cry of love for god (Religion)    events or dramatic acts (Time)              either reptile or whale (Mythology)

hot :: sharply pungent/peppery (Taste)       interlude :: brief musical passage played       lexical :: pertaining to the words or
                                             between longer piece, drama or religious        vocabulary of a language (Language)
hothead :: hotspur; person easily aroused    service (Music)
to anger or attacks (Violence)                                                               lexicography :: art and practice of making
                                             internecine :: mutually destructive             dictionaries (Language)
hub :: focus (Place)                         (Violence)
                                                                                             lexicology :: study of formation of words
hydro mania :: fascination with water        interregnum :: 1) periods of vacancy of         (Language)
(Mania)                                      throne 2) period when there is lapse in
                                             normal govt functions (Time)                    lexicon :: vocabulary listing of words in a
hydro phobia :: fear of water (Phobias)                                                      language (Language)
                                             intestate :: without a valid will at the time
hymen :: god of marriage (Gods)              of death (Death)                                libel :: publication of statement damaging
                                                                                             to another's reputation (Crime)
hymn :: sacred song in praise of god         intimidate :: bully (Fights)
(Religion)
libretto :: words and text of opera/oratorio    maverick :: a person who breaks                 mugger :: who assaults others with intent
(Music)                                         conventions, rules (Personality Traits)         to rob (Violence)

lieder :: stylized German song (Music)          mayhem :: willful infliction of bodily injury   mugger :: person attacking and robbing
                                                on another person (Crime)                       others on street (Crime)
limbo :: competitive acrobatic dance
(Dance)                                         mayhem :: maiming or disfiguring of             mugging :: robbery (Crime)
                                                another person (Violence)
lindy :: energetic dance (Dance)                                                                munch :: chew steadily (Eating)
                                                mazurka :: lively folk dance (Dance)
lingo :: language especially jargon or                                                          murder :: alter, blow away, bump off, chill,
slang, of a particular field, group or          meet one's maker :: die (Death)                 dispatch, do in, dust, grease, knock off,
individual (Language)                                                                           rub out, snuff out, wax, zap (Death)
                                                melancholia :: deep sadness
lingua franca :: language used for              (Psychological)                                 muso phobia :: fear of mice (Phobias)
communication between persons who
ordinarily speak different languages            melee :: confusing crush of battling            mutiny :: a military rebellion against the
(Language)                                      opponents (Fights)                              authority (Crime)

linguist :: specialist in languages; polyglot   melodrama :: dramatic form that                 myso phobia :: fear of dirt/contamination
(Language)                                      exaggerates emotions and emphasizes plot        (Phobias)
                                                over (Theatre)
liturgy :: rites of religious worship                                                           nadir :: 1) lowest point 2) opposite to
(Religion)                                      mendicant :: member of religious order          zenith in celestial sphere (Place)
                                                living by alms or charity (Religion)
loanword :: word borrowed from another                                                          naiad :: freshwater nymph (Mythology)
language (Language)                             mentor :: 1) a teacher 2) a guide
                                                (Education)                                     naos :: ancient temple/shrine (Religion)
logo mania :: obsession with talking
(Mania)                                         mercury :: god of communication (Gods)          narcissism :: self love (Psychological)

logo phobia :: fear of words (Phobias)          merengue :: ball room dance (Dance)             narcissus :: youth who loved his own
                                                                                                reflection and was turned into a flower
longevity :: length of a life span (Time)       mermaid :: creature with fatal charm who        (Mythology)
                                                is half woman and half fish (Mythology)
lunette :: crescent/half moon (Shapes)                                                          narcolepsy :: frequent uncontrollable
                                                metalanguage :: language used to                desire for sleep (Psychological)
lustrum :: period of 5 years (Time)             describe or analyze language (Language)
                                                                                                nasal :: pertaining to the nose or nostrils
lynching :: execution usually hanging by        miasma :: noxious exhilation from               (Aroma)
mob without legal sanction (Death)              decomposing organic matter (Aroma)
                                                                                                nave :: main axis of church or cathedral
lysso phobia :: fear of madness (Phobias)       micro phobia :: fear of germs (Phobias)         (Religion)

maestro :: respected conductor orchestra        Midas :: legendary Phrygian king whose          navel :: central point/middle (Place)
leader (Music)                                  touch turned objects to gold (Mythology)
                                                                                                necro phobia :: fear of death (Phobias)
magnum opus :: one author's classic             mimesis :: imitation of person's
masterpiece (Literature)                        style/grammar (Literature)                      necromancy :: witch craft (Death)

maieusio phobia :: fear of pregnancy            Minerva :: god of wisdom & arts (Gods)          necromancy :: list of those who have died
(Phobias)                                                                                       within a given period (Death)
                                                minotaur :: bull (Mythology)
maim :: disfigure; mutilate (Fights)                                                            necropolis :: cemetery (Death)
                                                minuet :: early French dance (Music)
malfeasance :: a wrong doing committed                                                          nectar :: wine conferring immortality
by a public official (Crime)                    minuet :: slow, stately dance (Dance)           (Mythology)

malodorous :: foul smelling (Aroma)             misanthrope :: a hater of mankind               nemesis :: goddess of punishment/reward
                                                (Personality Traits)                            (Gods)
mambo :: ball room dance (Dance)
                                                mnemosyne :: mother of muses and                neo phobia :: fear of novelty (Phobias)
man of letters :: literary scholar              goddess of memory (Mythology)
(Literature)                                                                                    neologism :: new word or recently coined
                                                Mnemosyne :: god of memory (Gods)               word (Language)
maniac :: wildly insane person (Violence)
                                                modulation :: change from one key to            neophyte :: recent convert to a faith
manitou :: spirit that controls nature and      another (Music)                                 (Religion)
is source of natural and supernatural
power (Mythology)                               monasticism :: system and way of life of        Neptune :: god of sea god (Gods)
                                                monks (Religion)
manslaughter :: accidental murder without                                                       Nereid :: sea nymph (Mythology)
malicious intent (Death)                        monody :: elegy or dirge sung by one
                                                person (Music)                                  nescience :: agnosticism (Religion)
manslaughter :: taking of human life by
accident or negligence (Crime)                  monologue :: long speech by one                 nettle :: irritate/provoke (Fights)
                                                individual/soliloquy (Literature)
march :: music for marching usually in 4/4                                                      nibble :: eat in small amounts (Eating)
time (Music)                                    monstrosity :: very large scale, severe
                                                shocking event (Violence)                       nihilism :: a belief that there is no purpose
mars :: god of war (Gods)                                                                       to existence (Sociology)
                                                morbidity :: dwelling on gloomy thoughts
martyrdom :: self (Death)                       of death (Death)                                Nike :: goddess of victory (Gods)

masque :: elaborate costume play                morgue :: storage place for dead bodies         nip :: biting taste (Taste)
(Theatre)                                       pending identification and burial (Death)
                                                                                                nix :: water spirit that lures its victims into
mass :: music for solemn roman catholic         moribund :: dying; about to die (Death)         its underwater home (Mythology)
service (Music)
                                                morpheus :: god of dreams (Gods)                nocturne :: early French dance (Music)
massacre :: ruthless killing of often
                                                Mors :: god of death (Gods)                     Nyx :: goddess of night (Gods)
helpless persons (numerous) (Death)
                                                motif :: recurring theme (Literature)           nullifidian :: person without religious faith
masticate :: chew (Eating)
                                                                                                skeptic (Religion)
matricide :: killing of one's mother (Death)    motif :: recurrent theme in myth or legend
                                                (Mythology)                                     nycto phobia :: fear of night/darkness
mausoleum :: large building for the above                                                       (Phobias)
ground entombment (Death)                       motif :: recurring subject, theme or idea
                                                (Music)                                         obituary :: biographical notice of person's
                                                                                                death published in newspaper (Death)
oblation :: offering to god (bread & wine)     worship of eclectic body of deities             pew :: bench or seat on which several
(Religion)                                     (Religion)                                      persons sit in a church (Religion)

oblique :: slanting or sloping (Dimension)     pantheon :: temple dedicated to all gods        phasmo phobia :: fear of ghosts (Phobias)
                                               (Religion)
obsequy :: funeral rite or ceremony                                                            philanthropist :: a lover of mankind
(Death)                                        pantomime :: performance without spoken         (Personality Traits)
                                               words (Theatre)
obtuse :: an angle greater than 900, dull                                                      philology :: study of written texts to
(Dimension)                                    papacy :: institution and office of the pope    determine meaning and authenticity
                                               (Religion)                                      (Language)
ochlo phobia :: fear of crowds (Phobias)
                                               parable :: short allegorical story with a       Philomath :: a lover of learning
odium :: small theatre or concert hall         moral (Mythology)                               (Education)
(Theatre)
                                               paranoia :: persistent delusions of             phobo phobia :: fear of developing a
ogre :: hideous giant cannibal (Mythology)     persecution or suspicion of others              phobia (Phobias)
                                               (Psychological)
olfaction :: 1) sense of small 2) act of                                                       phoenix :: immortal bird that cremates
smelling (Aroma)                               parish :: local church (Religion)               itself every 500 years, then reborn from
                                                                                               ashes (Mythology)
Olympiad :: period of 4 years (Time)           parlance :: specified style of speaking
                                               (Language)                                      phono phobia :: fear of noise (Phobias)
Olympus :: mountain home of the gods
(Mythology)                                    parole :: a conditional release from            phonogram :: symbol representing word
                                               imprisonment that entitles the person to        sound or syllable (Language)
omnibus :: book containing the works by a      serve the remainder of the sentence
single author (Literature)                     outside the prison as long as the terms of      photo phobia :: fear of light (Phobias)
                                               release are complied with (Crime)
omphalos :: center/navel (Place)                                                               pickpocket :: cannon; hook; a thief who
                                               paroxysm :: convulsive and uncontrollable       steals from the pockets or purses of others
onomastics :: study of origin and use of                                                       in public places (Crime)
                                               seizure (Violence)
proper nouns (Language)
                                               parricide :: killing of one's parent or close   pilferage :: theft of small amounts done
onomato phobia :: fear of a name or                                                            over a time to avoid detection (Crime)
                                               relative (Death)
particular word (Phobias)
                                               parsimonious :: a stingy person, niggard,       pillage :: robbery or plunder (in war)
onslaught :: vigorous powerful attack                                                          (Fights)
                                               miserly, penurious, petty, tightfisted
(Fights)
                                               (Personality Traits)
                                                                                               piquant :: pleasingly sharp/biting or tart
opera :: drama in which text is entirely                                                       (Taste)
                                          passus :: division of story/poem
sung or acted to orchestral accompaniment
                                          (Literature)
usually with scenery and costumes (Music)                                                      piracy :: robbery on the high seas; taking
                                               pastoral :: music of simple, rural life         a ship away from the control of those who
opera :: musical drama (Theatre)                                                               are legally entitled to it (Crime)
                                               (Music)
operetta :: romantic, light opera with                                                         pit :: sunken area in orchestra in which
                                               patho phobia :: fear of disease (Phobias)
songs and dance (Theatre)                                                                      orchestra sits during opera or ballet
                                               pathos :: evocation of pity (Literature)        performance (Music)
ophicio phobia :: fear of snakes (Phobias)
                                               patricide :: killing of one's father (Death)    pixie :: fairy, said to be the spirit of the
ophidiform :: resembling snakes (Shapes)
                                                                                               dead 59 (Mythology)
                                               paw :: handle roughly (Fights)
optimist :: a person with a positive
                                                                                               plagiarism :: literary theft (Literature)
attitude toward life, pollyanna (Personality   peculation :: embezzlement of public funds
Traits)                                        (Crime)                                         plague :: torment/infest (Fights)
opus :: literary work (Literature)             pedagogue :: a teacher (Education)              playwright :: dramatist (Literature)
ore :: monster similar to an ogre              pedagogue :: a teacher (Personality Traits) plumb :: perpendicular/exactly vertical
(Mythology)                                                                                (Place)
                                               pedagogy :: the science of art of teaching
ornitho phobia :: fear of birds (Phobias)      (Education)                                 plunder :: robbery by force (Crime)
orthography :: science of standard spelling    pedo phobia :: fear of children (Phobias)       Plutus :: god of wealth (Gods)
(Language)
                                               peltate :: shield shaped (Shapes)               pneumato phobia :: fear of spirits
orthopraxy :: correct religious behavior                                                       (Phobias)
and rituals according to specific doctrine     penates :: gods who serve as family
(Religion)                                     household guardians (Mythology)                 pnigo phobia :: fear of choking (Phobias)
overture :: musical introduction to ballet     penia phobia :: fear of poverty (Phobias)       poaching :: taking of fish or game from
(Music)                                                                                        private property or protected reserve
                                               penitent :: person who confesses sin and        (Crime)
pageant :: elaborately staged, open air        seeks repentance (Religion)
drama (Theatre)                                                                                Poetaster :: inferior poet (Literature)
                                               penitentiary :: maximum security prison
palatable :: good tasting (Taste)              (in us) (Crime)                                 poet laurate :: most eminent poet of a
                                                                                               nation during a specific time (Literature)
palate :: sense of taste (Taste)               penname :: pseudonym (Literature)
                                                                                               pogrom :: organized massacre of a
paleontology :: deals with life forms          perennial :: occurring year after year          minority people (Death)
existing in earlier geological periods         (Time)
(Anthropology)                                                                                 polka :: lively dance for couples (Dance)
                                               perjury :: lying under oath/giving false
pall :: coffin; cloth draped over coffin       testimony in court (Crime)                      poltergeist :: noisy ghost (Mythology)
(Death)
                                               persona :: character in a play, novel or        polyandry :: having more than one
pallbearer :: one of the several persons       poem (Literature)                               husband at a time (Anthropology)
carrying coffin to grave (Death)
                                               pessimist :: a person with gloomy attitude      polygamy :: institution of marriage which
palmate :: resembling a hand with fingers      toward life, cassandra, worrywart               permits more than one marriage
spread (Shapes)                                (Personality Traits)                            (Anthropology)

Pandora :: original woman who opened           pestilence :: devastating epidemic of           polygamy :: having more than one wife at
forbidden box, bringing woes and evils to      contaguious disease (Death)                     a time (Anthropology)
humanity (Mythology)
                                               pestle :: grind or pulverize (Fights)           polyglot :: multi lingual person who knows
pantheism :: 1) belief that god is                                                             several languages (Language)
manifested by and through the universe 2)
polyglot :: an expert in various languages    quixotic :: an impractical person, idealistic,   rustling :: stealing usually, cattle or horses
(Personality Traits)                          utopian, visionary (Personality Traits)          (Crime)

polygraph :: lie detector (Crime)             quotidian :: daily/every day 2) twice a          sachet :: small bag or case of perfumed
                                              year (Time)                                      powder used for scenting clothes (Aroma)
polysemous :: a word having many
meanings (Language)                           racketeering :: operation of a business          sacrilege :: act or statement that degrades
                                              characterized by systematically dishonest        the sacred (Religion)
pomander :: ball shaped mixture of            practices (Crime)
aromatic substance (Aroma)                                                                     safecracking :: forcible entry into locked
                                              rancid :: having foul taste (Taste)              safe to steal its contents (Crime)
pontiff :: pope (Religion)
                                              rancid :: having an unpleasant stale smell       saga :: legendary narrative about heroic
posthumous :: occurring after one's death     (Aroma)                                          adventures (Mythology)
(Death)
                                              rank :: having foul taste (Taste)                sagittate :: shaped like an arrow head
potpourri :: fragrant mixture of dried                                                         (Shapes)
flower petals or spices (Aroma)               rank :: having an offensive foul smell/taste
                                              (Aroma)                                      salsa :: popular dance performed to
praxeology :: a science which deals with                                                   rhythm (Dance)
human conduct (Anthropology)                  ransack :: plunder (Fights)
                                                                                           sanctuary :: sacred portion of church
predator :: one who lives by plunder and      rapine :: pillage (Fights)                   surrounding altar (Religion)
robbery (Violence)
                                              ravening :: excessively greedy and               Santa Claus :: benevolent purveyor of gifts
predecease :: die first/die before another    grasping; devouring or craving food in           (Mythology)
person or event (Death)                       great quantities ()
                                                                                               soporific :: producing flavor (Taste)
predicant :: preacher (Religion)              recessional :: hymn sung at the conclusion
                                              of a religious service (Music)                   sarcasm :: ironical, caustic language
prelude :: a musical introduction, later an                                                    against an individual (Literature)
independent piece (Music)                     recidivism :: repetition of criminal acts
                                              (Crime)                                          sarcophagus :: coffin (Death)
processional :: hymn sung at the
introduction (Music)                          recital :: concert given by individual           savory :: fragrant (Aroma)
                                              performer (Music)
prod :: poke with a pointed stick (Fights)                                                     scald :: burn, (Fights)
                                              reclining :: leaning backward from vertical
proem :: preface/introduction (Literature)    position (Place)                                 score :: written copy of composition with
                                                                                               all parts arranged on staves, used during
prologue :: 1) preface/introduction 2)        recreant :: one who renounces faith              performance (Music)
speech addressed to audience at the           (Religion)
beginning of a play (Literature)                                                               scoto phobia :: fear of darkness (Phobias)
                                              recumbent :: reclining (Place)
prom :: formal dance for high school                                                           screen writers :: authors of scripts for
students (Dance)                              redaction :: something put in writing;           movies/television (Literature)
                                              edition (Literature)
proselyte :: new convert to a religion                                                         scribe :: 1) copier of manuscripts before
(Religion)                                    redemption :: salvation and deliverance          invention of printing 2) author, esp. a
                                              from evil (Religion)                             journalist (scrivener) (Literature)
proselytize :: attempt to convert others to
one's belief or religion (Religion)           redolent :: fragrant (Aroma)                     scrivener :: professional or public copyist
                                                                                               writer (Literature)
prostrate :: lying face down on the ground    reek :: strong unpleasant smell (Aroma)
(Place)                                                                                        scrumptious :: delicious (Taste)
                                              reel :: lively traditional folk dance (Dance)
protagonist :: main character in a                                                             scuffle :: confused disordered fight/tussle
narrative (hero/heroine) (Literature)         regicide :: killing of one's king or queen       (Fights)
                                              (Death)
prowler :: person entering another's home                                                      sear :: burn or char the surface of (Fights)
for purpose of robbery or violence (Crime)    renegade :: a person who runs away from
                                              a group, defector, apostate, deserter,           sedition :: incitement to rebellion against
pseudonym :: fictitious name for writing      recreant, runagate, turncoat (Personality        government (Crime)
(Literature)                                  Traits)
                                                                                               selene :: moon goddess (Gods)
pulpit :: lectern from which preacher         reprieve :: delay in execution of sentence
conducts religious service (Religion)         (Crime)                                          semantics :: branch dealing with nature,
                                                                                               structure and development of meaning in
puritan :: a person who is strict in religious reprobate :: one who is damned (Religion)       language (Language)
and moral matters (Personality Traits)
                                               requiem :: composition written for funeral      semiannual :: 1) occurring every half year
putrefy :: cause to rot or decay with          mass (Music)                                    (Time)
offensive odor (Aroma)
                                               resurrection :: act of raising from the dead    seminarian :: person studying to become
putrid :: a state of foul smelling due to      (Death)                                         member of the clergy (Religion)
decaying (Aroma)
                                               retreat :: period of seclusion for religious    seminary :: institution providing training
pyre :: combustible heap for burning dead exercises and meditation (Religion)                  for priesthood (Religion)
body as part of funeral rite (Death)
                                               revenant :: one who returns from death          semiotics :: study of theory, signs and
pyro phobia :: fear of fire (Phobias)          (Death)                                         symbols in language (Language)

quack :: a person who deceives others by      revue :: series of unrelated skits, songs        septennial :: occurring every 7 years
false appearance (Personality Traits)         and dances (olio) (Theatre)                      (Time)

quadrennial :: 1) occurring every 4 years     riff :: short melodic passage played on an       sepulcher :: tomb or other place of burial
2) lasting four years (Time)                  instrument (Music)                               (Death)

quaff :: drink deeply/thirstily (Eating)      riot :: disturb the peace or public order        seraph :: one of the highest order of the
                                              (Fights)                                         angels (Religion)
quarto :: book page size 1/4th of a
fullscape (Literature)                        roughneck :: crude, rowdy person                 sextet :: composition for one or two
                                              (Violence)                                       instruments (Music)
quash :: suppress/subdue (Fights)
                                           ruckus :: noisy commotion, rumpus                   sexton :: person who watches over church
quincentennial :: 500th anniversary (Time) (Fights)                                            property and usually rings bells for service
                                                                                               (Religion)
quinquennial :: occurring every 5 years       ruffian :: brutal, lawless person (Violence)
(Time)                                                                                         shambles :: place of slaughter or wreckage
                                                                                               (Violence)
sheet music :: printed copy of composition     spitfire :: highly emotional and quick-          synagogue :: Jewish place of worship
(Music)                                        tempered person (especially a girl or            (Religion)
                                               woman) (Violence)
shoplifting :: theft from store by person                                                       syncretism :: attempted reconciliation of
posing as customer (Crime)                     spitfire :: a lady who gets irritated easily     elements from two or more religions to
                                               (Personality Traits)                             create a new religion (Religion)
shove :: push roughly (Fights)
                                               spoliation :: robbery and plunder                synod :: church council (Religion)
showboat :: floating river boat used as        (Violence)
theatre (Theatre)                                                                               syntax :: study of rules for arranging
                                               squabble :: noisy dispute or brawl (Fights)      words to form phrases, clauses and
showcase :: small production used to                                                            sentences (Language)
expose actors to talent agents, producers      squatter :: person illegally occupying
and directors (Theatre)                        another's vacant property (Crime)                syrupy :: very sweet (Taste)

shuffle :: dance characterized by scrapping    staccato :: with abrupt, distinct breaks         taboo :: an inhibition or ban resulting from
feet across the floor (Dance)                  between notes (Music)                            social custom or emotional aversion
                                                                                                (Anthropology)
sibyl :: any woman who served as               stake :: wood post to which person is tied
mouthpiece of the gods in delivering           and burned (Death)                               tacho phobia :: fear of speed (Phobias)
prophesies and oracles (Mythology)
                                               stanza :: division of poem (Literature)          tang :: strong/distinctive taste (Taste)
siderodromo :: fear of trains (Phobias)
                                               starvation :: total deprivation of food          tango :: ball room dance (Dance)
sight :: read (Music)                          (Death)
                                                                                                tap :: hit lightly (Fights)
simile :: speech comparing two unlike          statuary :: 1) groups of statues 2) art of
things (Literature)                            making statues (Sculpture)                       tape phobia :: fear of being buried alive
                                                                                                (Phobias)
sinfonietta :: small orchestra (Music)         stellate :: star shaped (Shapes)
                                                                                                tap :: (military) signal to turn the lights
siren :: singing sea nymph who charms          steward :: who supervises table wines            out; bugle call at military funerals (Death)
sailors to their deaths (Mythology)            (Eating)
                                                                                                televangelist :: evangelist who preaches
six feet under (slang) :: dead and buried      stillbirth :: birth of dead child (Death)        over television (Religion)
(Death)
                                               stillborn :: dead at birth (Death)               tenor :: male voice or voice part (Music)
skeptic :: a person who doubts, doubter,
cynic, agnostic, unbeliever (Personality       stink :: emit a strong, offensive smell          terato phobia :: fear of monsters (Phobias)
Traits)                                        (Aroma)
                                                                                                terminal :: dying (Death)
skirmish :: light, brief conflict (Fights)     stint :: limited period of time (Time)
                                                                                                terpsichorean :: dancer pertaining to a
slander :: making of false or malicious        stockade :: military prison (Crime)              dance (Dance)
verbal statements damaging to another's
reputation (Crime)                             stoic :: a person not moved by pleasure or       testate :: having made and left a valid will;
                                               pain, impassive, apathetic, nonchalant,          opposite of intestate (Death)
slang :: informal often nonstandard            poised (Personality Traits)
language consisting of newly coined words                                                       thalasso phobia :: fear of seas (Phobias)
and extended meanings (Language)               stoning :: being beaten by throwing stones
                                               (Death)                                          thanato phobia :: fear of death (Phobias)
slapstick :: low comedy dependent on
                                               stork :: bird (Mythology)                        thanatos :: 1) instinctual desire for death
physical humor (Theatre)
                                                                                                2) personification of death (Death)
slasher :: one who attacks with knife or       strangulation :: stoppage of breath by
                                               compression of throat (Death)                    thanatos :: god of death (Gods)
blade (Violence)
                                               strawhat :: a stiff straw hat with a flat        theologian :: person who has studied
slay :: murder (Death)
                                               crown; headdress that protects the head          religious faith and practices (Religion)
slug :: hit hard with fist (Fights)            from bad weather; has shaped crown and
                                               usually a brim (Theatre)                         theology :: systematic study of god and
slurp :: drink/eat food noisily (Eating)                                                        religious faith and practices (Religion)
                                               strife :: contest/fight (Fights)
smack :: taste/flavor (Taste)                                                                   theonomy :: state of individual or society
                                               stuffy :: poorly ventilated; lacking fresh air   that regards its own nature as being in
sniff :: scent or odor perceived (Aroma)       2) trace of scent in the air (Aroma)             accordance with divine nature (Religion)

snipe :: shoot at from a distance (Fights)     stylized :: conforming to established style      thermo phobia :: fear of heat (Phobias)
                                               rather than natural style (Literature)
snuffle :: draw air into nose so as to smell                                                    thesaurus :: book listing words and their
something (Aroma)                              subornation :: inducing another to commit        synonyms and antonyms (Language)
                                               an illegal act (Crime)
sociolect :: dialect used by a particular                                                       threnody :: dirge or song of lamentation at
social group (Language)                        succumb :: die (Death)                           funeral (Music)

sociology :: sociology is the study of         suffix :: affix added after base word            threnody :: elegy (Death)
society (Sociology)                            (Language)
                                                                                                throttle :: choke/strangle (Fights)
sommelier :: wine steward (Eating)             sumptuous :: a grand/heavy meal (Taste)
                                                                                                thug :: brutal thief (Violence)
somnus :: god of sleep (Gods)                  supplication :: earnest prayer of petition
                                               (Religion)                                       thug :: brutal petty criminal (Crime)
sophomore :: a second year student of a
school/college (Education)                     swan song :: last song some time before          tiff :: petty quarrel (Fights)
                                               death (Death)
soprano :: highest female vocal range or                                                        time-out :: cessation of activity for
vocal part (Music)                             swindling :: performing fraudulent               specified duration esp. in cessation of
                                               business transactions (Crime)                    activity for specified duration esp. in
spall :: chip or splinter broken from stone                                                     athletic contest (Time)
in carving (Sculpture)                         switch back :: zigzag arrangement
                                               (Shapes)                                         tithing :: paying of one; The act of levying
spat :: petty quarrel (Fights)                                                                  or taking tithes; that which is taken as
                                               sylph :: air spirit; slender graceful young      tithe; a tithe (Religion)
sphinx :: Greek mythology) a riddling          woman (Mythology)
winged monster with a woman's head and                                                          tolo phobia :: fear of child birth (Phobias)
breast on a lion's body; daughter of           symphony :: composition for orchestra
Typhoon; an inscrutable person who keeps       (Music)                                          tome :: very large or scholarly work
his thoughts and intentions secret                                                              (Literature)
(Mythology)                                    symphony :: full orchestra (Music)
                                                                                                tomo phobia :: fear of surgery (Phobias)
toothsome :: palatable (Taste)                 language distinct from written language)
                                               (Language)
topo phobia :: fear of particular place
(Phobias)                                      vespers :: prayer said at evening (Time)

torment :: torture (Fights)                    vestry :: room in church for storage of
                                               vestments (Religion)
totem :: a clan identified by their kinship
to a common totemic object; emblem             vicennial :: twentieth anniversary
consisting of an object such as an animal      occurring every twenty years (Time)
or plant; serves as the symbol of a family
or clan (especially among American             vigilante :: individual or group attempting
Indians) (Sculpture)                           to enforce law and punish offenders
                                               without legal authority (Crime)
toxi phobia :: fear of being poisoned
(Phobias)                                      vignette :: brief incident/scene/story
                                               (Literature)
trample :: crush under one's feet (Fights)
                                               virago :: a noisy or scolding or
transmigration :: passage of soul at death     domineering woman; a large strong and
from body of one being to another (Death)      aggressive woman (Violence)

traumato phobia :: fear of injury (Phobias)    virtuoso :: performer with great technical
                                               skill or artistry (Music)
treason :: betrayal of one's country or
government (Crime)                             vixen :: ill (Violence)

trishaideka phobia :: fear of number 13        vocalist :: person who has received formal
(Phobias)                                      voice training to perform opera (Music)

triton :: half fish/half man (Mythology)       votary :: person bound by religious vows
                                               (Religion)
truant :: an irregular student (Education)
                                               Vulcan :: god of forge/fire (Gods)
truant :: a student who is habitually
absent from school (Personality Traits)        waft :: be driven or carried along, as by
                                               the air (Aroma)
tumulus :: ancient grave (Death)
                                               waltz :: music for German dance (Music)
turnkey :: jailer (Crime)
                                               waltz :: classical ball room dance (Dance)
tutti :: performed by all voices or
instruments together (Music)                   warden :: prison administrator (Crime)

twilight :: period of dimming light just       warder :: jailer (Crime)
after sunset (Time)
                                               whiff :: slight trace of odor or smell of
unction :: anointing with oil as               something (Aroma)
consecration (Religion)
                                               wordsmith :: a skilled writer (Literature)
unction :: anointing with oil as
consecration (Religion)                        wreck :: ruin/destroy (Fights)

undine :: female water spirit (Mythology)      wrench :: twist or pull sharply (Fights)

unfrock :: deprive priest of right to          wrest :: wrench or seize violently (Fights)
exercise office (Religion)
                                               xeno phobia :: fear of dear or dislike of
unicorn :: creature with horse's body,         foreigners (Phobias)
lion's tail and single horn representing
purity and supernatural powers                 xero phobia :: fear of dry places (Phobias)
(Mythology)
                                               yank :: pull sharply (Fights)
unplugged :: without electronic
                                               zest :: agreeable taste (Taste)
amplification or effects (Music)
                                               zoo phobia :: fear of animals (Phobias)
uxoricide :: killing of one's wife (Death)

valedictorian :: a bright student with a
very high grade (Personality Traits)

valedictorian :: a high-ranking student
(Education)

vampire :: reanimated corpse who exists
on blood of sleeping victims (Mythology)

vandal :: person engaged in wanton
violence to property usually not motivated
by theft (Crime)

vandal :: destructive person (Violence)

vandalism :: defacing or damaging of
another's property purposelessly (Crime)

vanquish :: conquer or defeat in a battle
(Fights)

vault :: underground burial chamber, tomb
(Death)

vendetta :: prolonged feud involving killing
for revenge (Fights)

vent :: passage in mold through which
gasses escape during casting (Sculpture)

vernacular :: language or dialect
indigenous to place (common spoken
    Big Book List         brood 2            deluge 2          exacerbate 2    hallucinate 2
Here is a list of words   burgeon 2          demote 3          excerpted 4     hamper 2
which have appeared in    burlesque 2        demur 2           exculpate 2     harangue 4
the “Big Book”. The       buttress 4         denounce 2        exemplary 3     harbor 2
number besides them       cajole 2           denunciation 2    exemplify 3     herbaceous 2
indicates their           cant 2             deposition 2      exhort 2        heresy 2
frequency of occurrence   castigate 4        deprivation 2     exigent 3       heretical 3
in the book.              cavern 2           descry 5          exonerate 2     heterodox 2
abate 3                   censure 2          despicable 2      expend 2        high-spirited 2
abeyance 3                censure 2          detached 2        expiate 2       hoax 2
abscond 3                 cessation 2        deter 3           explicit 2      holster 2
abstemious 2              charter 2          devoid 2          exploit 3       homeopathy 2
abstruse 3                chary 2            diatribe 5        extempore 2     hyperbole 2
absurd 2                  chicanery 3        dichotomy 2       extent 2        hypocritical 2
accorded 2                circumlocution 3   diffident 3       extol 2         idiosyncrasy 2
acknowledge 2             circumspect 3      digress 2         extravagant 2   idolatrous 2
adamant 2                 claim 2            dilettante 2      exuberant 2     illicit 2
adept 2                   clot 2             din 2             facetious 2     immutable 2
administering 2           clumsy 4           dirge 2           facilitate 5    impair 2
admonish 2                coagulant 2        disabuse 4        factions 2      impassive 2
adulation 2               coax 4             disburse 2        faddish 2       impede 2
adumbrate 2               coerce 4           discomfit 2       fallacious 2    imperative 2
aesthete 2                cogent 6           discourse 5       fallacy 2       impervious 3
affirm 2                  cognizance 2       discreet 2        falter 2        impetuous 3
agenda 2                  coherent 2         discrete 4        fanatical 2     implacable 3
aggrandize 2              collusion 2        disdain 2         fawn 2          imposture 3
aggressive 3              commensurate 4     disguise 2        feckless 4      impregnable 2
agility 2                 commentator 2      disinterested 3   felicitate 2    impromptu 2
agog 2                    commitment 2       dislodge 2        felon 2         improvise 3
alacrity 2                complacent 2       dismiss 3         fervent 2       impudent 2
allegation 2              complaisant 5      disparage 2       fervor 2        impugn 3
allegiance 2              compliment 4       disparate 2       feud 3          impunity 3
allusion 4                composure 2        disparity 2       fickle 3        inadvertent 2
ally 2                    compound 2         dispassionate 3   fidget 2        inchoate 3
ambivalent 2              concede 4          dispel 2          finicky 2       incidence 2
ameliorate 3              conceit 2          disprove 2        flamboyant 2    incident 2
amenable 2                concession 3       dissemble 3       flatter 3       incipient 2
anachronistic 2           conciliatory 2     dissent 3         flaunt 2        incongruous 3
analgesic 2               concur 2           dissident 2       fledgling 3     incursion 2
anesthetic 4              condescend 3       distend 2         flinch 2        indict 2
annotate 2                conducive 2        distract 3        flippant 2      indigenous 2
annul 2                   confidential 2     distraught 2      flirt 3         indignant 2
anomalous 2               confine 2          divest 2          flop 2          induce 3
antiseptic 4              conflate 2         divulge 2         florid 2        indulge 2
aphoristic 2              confound 3         dormant 2         flounder 3      inept 3
apocryphal 2              confrontation 2    drab 2            flout 3         inextricable 3
apparition 2              congruent 3        drawl 2           fluffy 2        infiltrate 2
appraise 3                conifer 2          dread 2           fluke 2         infuse 2
apprehension 3            conjecture 2       droll 2           flustered 2     ingenuous 2
apprise 4                 conjure 2          drone 2           foible 2        ingrained 4
approbation 3             conscript 3        dubious 2         foment 2        inimical 2
aptitude 2                consensus 2        dupe 2            foolhardy 3     iniquitous 3
arable 2                  consign 5          dwarf 2           foppish 2       innocuous 2
articulate 3              console 4          dwindle 2         foreclosure 2   inopportune 2
ascetic 2                 conspicuous 4      ebullient 2       forestall 2     inquisitive 2
ascribe 2                 conspire 3         eclectic 2        forge 4         insignia 4
asperity 3                consternation 3    efficacious 2     forgery 2       insinuate 2
aspersion 3               contend 2          effrontery 3      formidable 2    insipid 4
aspiration 3              contention 3       egalitarian 2     forthright 3    insular 3
assess 2                  contentious 2      elicit 2          fortuitous 2    intact 2
assuage 3                 contingent 2       eloquence 2       foster 4        interregnum 3
astringent 2              contrite 2         elucidate 3       fracas 3        intransigent 3
astute 2                  controversial 2    elusive 2         fraud 2         intrepid 3
atrophy 2                 convoke 2          embellish 2       frenzy 4        intricate 4
attentive 3               convoluted 2       embrace 2         fret 2          intrigue 3
attorney 2                corpuscle 2        emissary 2        frivolous 5     inundate 3
augment 2                 corroborate 2      encomium 2        frown 2         inured 2
austere 4                 covert 3           encroach 3        fulminate 2     invective 3
authentic 2               covet 2            encumber 2        furtive 2       invert 2
avaricious 2              cower 3            endorse 2         gaffe 3         invigorate 2
aver 5                    coy 2              enervate 2        gainsay 2       invoke 2
avert 4                   crave 2            engender 2        garner 3        irascible 2
avid 2                    craven 2           engrossed 3       garrulous 2     irate 3
awe 2                     crease 3           enlist 2          gauche 3        jamb 2
babble 2                  credulity 2        ensign 2          gavel 2         jeer 2
balk 2                    crockery 2         entrenched 2      germ 2          jest 2
banal 4                   cues 2             ephemeral 2       gird 2          jocular 2
bask 2                    culpable 2         epistemology 2    gist 2          jovial 2
belie 3                   curb 3             epistle 2         glib 2          judicious 2
benevolence 2             dabble 2           epithet 2         gloat 3         lackluster 2
benign 2                  dampen 2           epitome 2         goad 3          laconic 3
bilk 2                    dazzle 2           equivocation 4    gorge 2         lasso 2
bizarre 2                 debacle 2          eradicate 2       gouge 2         latitude 2
blithe 2                  debilitate 3       eschew 3          gravel 4        laudable 2
blunder 2                 decorous 2         esoteric 2        gravity 2       laudatory 2
blush 2                   decorum 3          espouse 2         grazing 2       lava 3
board 2                   decree 2           espy 2            gregarious 2    lavish 2
bog 2                     decry 2            ethos 2           grill 2         leaven 3
bogus 2                   dedication 2       euphemism 2       grovel 2        lethargic 2
bolster 2                 defer 3            euphoria 4        grudging 2      lethargy 2
bombast 4                 deference 3        euphorism 2       guarded 2       levee 2
boor 3                    defiance 2         evanescent 2      gullible 2      levy 2
brisk 2                   defiant 2          evict 2           gush 2          libertine 2
brittle 2                 delineate 2        evoke 2           hackneyed 2     ligneous 2
limerick 2      petition 2         reinstate 3     subside 3
limp 2          petulant 3         rejoice 2       substantial 2
linen 2         philanthropist 3   relapse 2       supplant 3
literal 2       pine 2             relegate 2      supplicate 2
lizard 2        piquant 2          relent 3        susceptible 2
loll 2          pique 2            remnant 3       sway 3
loom 3          pitch 3            renegade 3      swift 2
lope 2          pith 2             repine 2        swindle 2
lucid 2         placate 3          repress 2       syncopated 2
ludicrous 2     placid 2           reprimand 3     tacit 4
lull 2          plaintiff 2        reprobate 2     tamp 2
lumber 2        plaintive 2        repugnant 2     tangential 2
luminous 2      platitude 2        repulse 2       tangible 2
mace 2          plea 2             rescind 2       tapestry 2
macerate 2      plead 4            resent 2        tarnish 2
malapropism 2   plod 3             resolve 2       taut 3
manifest 2      pluck 3            resound 2       tenable 4
martial 2       plumb 3            restitution 2   tentative 2
martinet 4      plummet 2          retain 3        tepid 4
maverick 2      polemic 2          retard 2        tirade 2
meager 3        ponderous 5        reticent 2      topple 2
meddle 2        posit 2            retiring 2      torment 2
mediocre 2      posture 2          retreat 2       torpid 3
mercenary 2     practitioner 3     revile 4        tout 3
mercurial 2     preamble 2         rhetoric 2      traitor 3
metaphysics 3   precarious 2       rift 2          trample 2
meticulous 2    precedence 2       rind 3          transgress 2
mettle 3        precious 2         ritual 2        treacherous 4
mettlesome 2    precipitate 2      rogue 3         trenchant 2
minuscule 2     precipitous 4      roster 2        trepidation 2
misanthrope 2   preclude 2         rung 2          truce 2
mistrust 4      predilection 4     sacred 3        truculent 2
mitigate 2      predisposition 2   salutary 2      turpitude 2
moat 3          preen 2            salvation 2     untenable 2
mollify 2       premise 2          sanctioned 2    untoward 2
mollycoddle 4   prerogative 3      sap 2           uphold 2
molt 2          prescience 2       savor 2         usurp 2
morose 3        presume 2          scabbard 3      vacillation 2
mundane 4       presumption 3      score 2         vagary 2
nadir 3         presumptuous 2     scrupulous 2    vagrant 2
narcotic 2      prevaricate 5      scrutiny 4      valiant 2
neuralgia 2     pristine 3         sedative 4      varnish 2
nonchalant 2    probity 2          sedentary 2     venerable 2
nondescript 2   proclamation 3     seemly 2        venerate 2
nonplused 2     proclivity 2       serenity 2      veracious 4
note 4          prodigal 2         sever 3         verdant 4
notion 2        prodigality 2      sheath 3        veritable 2
obdurate 2      prodigious 3       shed 2          vertigo 2
obscure 5       prodigy 6          shirk 2         vestiges 2
obsequious 2    profligate 3       shrill 2        vex 2
obsolete 3      profound 2         shrug-off 2     viable 2
obtuse 2        profundity 2       shuck 2         vicious 3
obviate 2       prolong 2          shunt 2         vigor 2
obvious 3       prompt 2           simper 2        vilify 2
occult 2        prone 2            sip 2           vindictive 3
odious 2        propensity 2       skeptical 2     vituperate 3
odium 2         propitiate 4       skiff 2         volubility 2
ogle 3          proposition 2      slack 2         voracious 2
ominous 2       propriety 2        sloppy 2        vulnerable 3
onerous 3       protracted 2       slur 3          wardrobe 3
opprobrium 2    provocation 2      smother 2       wary 2
ostracism 3     provocative 2      sober 2         waver 2
outgrowth 2     provoke 2          somber 2        weary 2
outmoded 2      prudent 2          sordid 3        welter 2
outset 2        prune 2            specious 3      wheedle 2
overhaul 2      pucker 2           spell 3         wing 3
overt 3         pugnacious 2       spendthrift 2   withhold 2
overture 3      pundit 2           spine 2         yarn 2
overwrought 2   pungent 2          sporadic 2      zealot 2
pan 2           putrefy 2          spurious 2
panegyric 2     quack 2            squalid 3
paragon 2       quaff 2            squander 2
parasite 2      qualm 2            squelch 4
parquetry 2     quarantine 2       stake 2
pathology 2     quibble 4          stark 2
paucity 2       quiver 2           startle 3
pebble 2        quotidian 2        steadfast 2
peccadillo 3    ramification 2     steep 2
pedant 3        rampant 2          stickler 2
pedantry 2      ranger 2           stiff 2
pedestrian 2    rash 2             stigma 2
peer 2          rationale 3        stigmatize 2
penchant 2      recalcitrant 3     stint 2
penury 3        recant 3           stipulate 3
peremptory 2    recede 2           stockade 2
perennial 2     reciprocal 2       stoop 2
perfidious 2    reckless 2         strain 2
perfidy 2       recluse 2          stray 3
perfunctory 2   recompense 4       striate 2
pernicious 2    recondite 2        strove 2
perpetuate 3    recourse 2         strut 2
perplex 2       redeem 2           subdue 3
pertinent 3     redoubtable 2      suborn 2
pervade 2       refractory 2       subpoena 2

				
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