alcohol and you by taoyni


									                                                                                                                                                                        ALCOHOL QUIZ
                                                                                                                                                             Test your knowledge about alcohol by
The most recent literature on the drinking              What is the big concern about                   BINGE DRINKERS : The definition of binge             responding to the following questions as
behavior of college students indicates that                                                             drinking varies. Binge drinking involves both the
                                                               binge drinking?                          quantity of drinks consumed and the time period
                                                                                                                                                             either true or false.
anywhere from 80% to 90% of all college
                                                                                                        in which one drinking episode occurs.                1.   Coffee helps sober up a drunk
students drink alcohol. Students generally          Heavy drinking has been linked to other problem                                                               person. False. Time is the only thing
have a higher drinking prevalence than others       behaviors including:
                                                                                                                  Binge Drinking for Men: For most
                                                                                                                                                                  that will sober up a person. The liver
                                                                                                                men consuming 5 or more drinks in one
their age and much more than the rest of            ♦ Date Rape                                                 drinking episode and repeating this
                                                                                                                                                                  metabolizes about 1/2 an ounce of
                                                                                                                                                                  alcohol per hour (this rate will vary for
society. Although alcohol appears to be the         ♦    Accidents                                      pattern one or more times in a two week period.
                                                                                                                                                                  each person). There is no way to speed
drug of choice for college students, many           ♦    Academic Problems                                        Binge Drinking for Women: For most              up this process. Coffee, exercise, cold
students have the misguided belief that most        ♦    Unintended Pregnancy                                     women consuming 4 or more drinks in             showers or any other remedy will only
college students engage in heavy or binge                                                                         one drinking episode and repeating this         create a wide awake drunk.
                                                    ♦    STIs (sexually transmitted infections)                   pattern one or more times in a two week
drinking (drinking 4 to 5 or more drinks in one                                                                                                              2. Alcohol enhances sexual
                                                    ♦    Vandalism                                      period.
evening as part of a single drinking episode).                                                                                                               performance.
                                                                                                        **It is important to note that the figures given         False. Alcohol may increase desire by
Research demonstrates that the majority of
                                                         What are the distinctions in                   above are estimates only and will vary for each          decreasing inhibitions. Alcohol is a
students do not binge drink. In fact, 60% to
65% of college students report that they
                                                            drinking behavior?                          individual. These figures do not account for body        depressant and decreases one’s ability
                                                                                                                                                                 to function sexually. Because alcohol
                                                                                                        weight and other factors influencing intoxication.
do not binge drink. Thus, even though the                                                                                                                        decreases inhibitions, people are less
                                                    Many terms are attached to various drinking                                                                  likely to make self protecting sexual
majority of students report alcohol                                                                     PROBLEM DRINKERS : This type of drinking
                                                    behaviors. The following terms are defined to       behavior is complex and requires a clinical              decisions, placing people at greater risk
consumption, less than half report binge                                                                                                                         for STDs, unwanted pregnancy, and
                                                    present the spectrum of drinking behaviors.         diagnosis. A well-known and commonly used
drinking behavior.                                                                                      screening device is called C.A.G.E.                      sexual assault.
                                                    ABSTAINERS : People who choose to abstain                                                                3.   Men have more of an enzyme present
                                                    from drinking beverages containing alcohol.         ♦    Have you ever felt you should cut down
                                                                                                             on your drinking?                                    in the stomach that allows them to
1 Drink = 1 Beer or                                 About 30% of the U.S. population abstains from
                                                                                                                                                                  metabolize     more     alcohol    than
              1 Glass of                            drinking alcohol. The percentage of abstainers in   ♦ Have people annoyed you by criticizing                  women.
                                                    the U.S. is increasing.                                  your drinking?
     Wine or                                                                                                                                                      True. For non-alcoholic men, the
                                                    OCCASIONAL DRINKERS : People who drink              ♦ Have you ever felt bad or guilty about                  amount of alcohol metabolized by the
                                                    beverages containing alcohol rarely or once in           your drinking?                                       stomach can be as high as 30%. For
Some Interesting Facts About                        awhile. This person never drinks to the point of                                                              women, it is approximately half that
                                                    intoxication.                                       ♦ Have you ever had an eye-opener first                   amount. As a result of this difference,
  ECU Students & Drinking                                                                                    thing in the morning to steady nerves or             greater proportions of alcohol enter the
                                                    SOCIAL DRINKERS : People who drink regularly
                                                    in social settings but seldom consume enough             get rid of a hangover?                               bloodstream causing the blood alcohol
♦   74% of ECU students believe their peers
                                                    alcohol to become intoxicated. An important         If you answered “yes” to two or more of these             content (B.A.C.) to increase in women.
    drink 3 times a week - only 17% report                                                                                                                        Thus women may feel a greater effect.
    drinking this often                             thought to remember:                                questions, or if your answer to any of these              In terms of alcohol abs orption,
♦   7 out of 10 ECU students do NOT drink to                                                            questions concerns you, you may be using                  differences in body weight, body fat,
    get drunk                                                                                                                                                     and hormones between men
                                                            If you need a drink to be social,           alcohol in ways that are harmful. Refer to the
♦   95% of ECU students do NOT drink from                                                                                                                         and women mean that women
                                                                 it is not social drinking.             resources in this pamphlet for help.                      usually experience the effects
    Sunday to Thursday
                                                                                                                                                                  of alcohol sooner than men.
Study results from the CORE Institute Alcohol and
Other Drug Survey, administered Spring 1997.
4.   A drinker who expects to get “high” is         Some other factors to consider...
     more likely to feel or act “high” when
     drinking.                                      ♦      The legal drinking age in all 50 states is 21                                        To Contact Us
                                                           and older. Drinking before age 21 makes
     True. The effects of alcohol can vary
                                                           people vulnerable to substantial fines, legal                      General Information ...................(252) 328-6841
     greatly between people and different
     drinking occasions. A person’s mood or                fees, lowers the chances to find a job, and                           Appointments.......................(252) 328-6841
                                                           loss of a drivers license.
     social surroundings can determine the                                                                                       Immunizations......................(252) 328-6841
     way in which alcohol affects the individual.   ♦      You have the right to refuse a drink at any
     How a person expects to feel during or                time. Refusals can be given in a polite and                        Health Education .......................(252) 328-6794
     after drinking has a great deal to do with            assertive manner.                                                  Pharmacy ..................................(252) 328-6793
     how they actually act while intoxicated.       ♦      Get involved in a variety of activities so that                              Fax (252) 328-4007 or 4397
                                                           social interaction does not depend on alcohol
5.   Women who are on birth control pills                  consumption.                                                              
     absorb alcohol faster and consequently
     can achieve higher blood alcohol               If you do drink:
     True. There is mounting evidence that oral
                                                    ♦ Limit the amount of alcohol you drink.                                              Hours of Operation
     contraceptives can raise the BAC for           ♦ Never accept a drink from someone you
     women.                                              don’t know, or from “spiked” punches. These                                                Fall and Spring
                                                         drinks may contain unknown quantities of                                               (Effective mid August 2001)
                                                         alcohol or other drugs that can cause
What effects alcohol absorption?                                                                                                        8:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m., Monday - Thursday
                                                         physical harm.
The following factors influence a person’s                                                                                                      8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Friday
                                                    ♦ Sip drinks slowly and eat while drinking.                                  9:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m., Saturday & Sunday, Urgent Care
BAC:                                                     Avoid salty foods as these promote thirst.
♦ A larger person has more blood and                ♦ Dilute alcohol beverages by using ice and                                               Fall and Spring Pharmacy Hours
   requires greater amounts of alcohol to                avoid drinking straight shots.                                                   8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. Monday - Thursday
   reach a given BAC.                                                                                                                            8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Friday
                                                    ♦ Do not drink on an empty stomach.
♦ The presence of food in the stomach
                                                    ♦ Never leave your drink unattended. Someone
   slows absorption. The greater the amount
                                                         may slip something into your drink.                                                            Summer
   of alcohol and the smaller the amount of                                                                                                        (Mid May - Mid August)
   food in the stomach, the faster the rate of      ♦ Do not drink and drive.                                                             7:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Monday - Thursday
   alcohol absorption into the blood-stream         ♦ Be responsible for friends or others who                                                  7:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m., Friday
   resulting in an increase of the BAC.                  appear to drink beyond their limits.
♦ Eating foods high in protein, such as dairy                                                                                               After hours emergencies dial 911
   products, can slow the absorption of                                          Resources
   alcohol.                                                           ECU Student Health Service 328-6841
♦ Mixing alcohol with carbonated beverages              ECU Center for Counseling and Student Development 328-6661
   will increase the rate of alcohol absorption.                          REAL Crisis Center 758-4357                                       Student Health Service
♦ The more quickly a person ingests
                                                         (Call to determine AA, Alanon, etc., meeting times & locations.)                   East Carolina University
                                                                     ECU Regional Training Center 328-4661
   alcohol; the more quickly alcohol reaches                                                                                                 Greenville, NC 27858
   the blood-stream.
♦ The higher the concentration of alcohol in        Sources:
                                                                                                                                                Division of Student Life
   a beverage; the more quickly it is               Health News, 1 (4). Published by the Student Insurance Division. April,
   absorbed.                                              1993.
                                                    Haines, M. & Spear, S. (1996). Journal of American College Health, 45.
                                                    Kinney, J. & Leaton G. (1991). Loosening the Grip. St. Louis, MO:
                                                          Mosby -Year Book.
                                                                                                                                SHsa-02                                              05/01

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