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					             WHAKATANE DISTRICT
              COMMUNITY SAFETY
                  PROFILE




                                SEPTEMBER 2003




MISC\MANUALS\03\SWDCCOMPROF03                    SEPTEMBER 2003

                                      1
                                  Acknowledgements


I am grateful to Diane Turner for her support and vision, and to Simon Moyes who produced
an analysis of the recent Census figures for Whakatane District and helped analyse the
Community Crime and Safety Survey. I wish to thank Senior Constable Yvonne Parker from
the Intel Office at the Whakatane Police Station, for sharing the local Police statistical
information. Thanks also to the Safer Whakatane District Community Council (SWDCC)
members who have given me good advice and helped to produce this document.




Pete Lander
SAFER COMMUNITY CO ORDINATOR


3 September 2003




MISC\MANUALS\03\SWDCCOMPROF03                                                  SEPTEMBER 2003

                                            2
                                       Whakatauki

                        Ka rongo au mai ra ano, kaua e wareware
                                Ka kite au, ka maharatia
                              Ka mahitia e au, ka mārama



                                I listen for all time and don't forget
                                           I see, I remember
                                         I do it, I understand.




MISC\MANUALS\03\SWDCCOMPROF03                                            SEPTEMBER 2003

                                                  3
To the public, both Mäori and Pakeha, the orators, the elders and the youth of our district, we,
your Safer Whakatane and District Communities Council, extend our warm greetings to you
all.

Your Council and representatives further extend an invitation to you as members of the
public or as a member of an organisation within our district to join us to find solutions to the
many problems that continually face our youth today.

Your Council is resolute, determined and steadfast to the task ahead, but feels sure that with
public support, guidance and leadership, it will add measures of hope for the now and into the
future well-being of your youth.

So we again invite you and wish you a safe journey together with us in this time of discovery
and resolution.
Tena koutou katoa.




MISC\MANUALS\03\SWDCCOMPROF03                                                       SEPTEMBER 2003

                                               4
This Mihi also supported the first Community Safety Profile for Whakatane District


                                     Mihi
E nga mana, e nga reo, e kui ma, e koro ma, e tama ma, e hine ma, nga tai Māori, nga
tai Pākeha, tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou katoa.

Tenei to koutou Whakaruruhau o te Kaunihera o Whakatane te mihi whānui atu nei
kia koutou katoa.

E nga iwi, e nga roopu katoa o te rohe, tērā koa kia mahi tahi tātou ki te rapu i nga
huarahi hei āwhina ia tātou rangatahi, tamariki, e pa nei i nga raruraru o te wa, no
reira haere mai kia mahi tahi, i runga i tēnei kaupapa.

Haere mai i runga i te karanga ra te kaupapa, haere mai hoki i runga i te aroha.
Konei ra te tono atu nei.

Ka mutu ake i konei.

Tena koutou katoa.




MISC\MANUALS\03\SWDCCOMPROF03                                             SEPTEMBER 2003

                                         5
Contents



Acknowledgements ..........................................................................................................................2

Whakatauki ........................................................................................................................................3

Mihi......................................................................................................................................................5

Contents ..............................................................................................................................................6

Executive Summary ..........................................................................................................................7

Introduction........................................................................................................................................8

Issues for the Safer Whakatane Communities Council .............................................................9

Current Programmes .......................................................................................................................11

Community Profile .........................................................................................................................12
DEPRIVATION INDEX                                                                                                                                      16
DISADVANTAGE FACTORS                                                                                                                                   18

Whakatane District Council's Police Statistics .........................Error! Bookmark not defined.
EXTENT AND NATURE OF CRIME                                                                 ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.

Community Crime and Safety Survey ........................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
SAFER WHAKATANE DISTRICT COMMUNITIES COUNCILERROR!                                                                     BOOKMARK                      NOT
DEFINED.
DEMOGRAPHIC OF RESPONDENTS                                                                 ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.

Consultation with Key Service Providers...................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

Conclusions from this Community Profile ................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

Appendices .......................................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
APPENDIX ONE                                                                               ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
APPENDIX 2                                                                                 ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
APPENDIX 3                                                                                 ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
APPENDIX 4                                                                                 ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.
APPENDIX 5                                                                                 ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.




MISC\MANUALS\03\SWDCCOMPROF03                                                                                                             SEPTEMBER 2003

                                                                             6
                      Executive Summary
The Whakatane District Council has a partnership with the Crime Prevention Unit
(Ministry of Justice) for the purpose of reducing crime. As a result the Safer
Whakatane and Districts Community Council (SWDCC) was established to achieve
crime reduction outcomes for the Whakatane district.

Three main sources of factual information were the NZ Census 2001, Police Statistics
and Community Crime and Safety Survey. The report drew on other information
from key Providers for Health and Social Services as well.

The purpose of this report is to identify local crime issues and assist in the
development of programmes to address those issues.

Key issues identified for the Whakatane district include:
Family violence
Dishonesty through Burglaries and petty crime
Drug and alcohol abuse
Youth offending

To address these issues a number of programmes, as outlined in the report, are
currently operating. The report will also be used to inform long term planning and
the development of sustainable crime prevention initiatives for the Whakatane
district.

During the process of developing the profile it also became evident that under
reporting of crime was an issue for our district. As a result the Safer Whakatane
District Communities Council decided to initiate programmes to encourage crime
awareness.




                                           7
                             Introduction

Community Safety has been defined as " a state of physical, social mental and
spiritual well-being and not merely the absence of crime." The Safer Whakatane and
District Communities Council in partnership with the Crime Prevention Unit has
been mandated to address this issue of Community Safety for the Whakatane
District. In order to be effective Safer Community Council needs to have an
understanding of it's community and the issues it is facing.

A Community Safety Profile was developed using from various sources to detect
changes in trends in a community. Information from the 2001 Census, the Index of
Deprivation, Police Crime Statistics and a Crime and Safety Survey were used to
provide a profile of our community. Together all this information provides factual
evidence to support future planning which includes new programmes and initiatives
that are required to meet the contemporary needs of our District. This profile will
support our Annual Planning process with factual data. It also gives good evidence
to support the Government's Social Development Plans for the Eastern Bay of Plenty.

It also recognised that the Annual Plan must also reflect the Governments Objectives
outlined in it's commitment to the Crime Prevention Unit. A summary of the
objectives are provided in Appendix 1.




                                         8
             Issues for the Safer Whakatane
                 Communities Council
A SWDCC subcommittee reviewed the material obtained from this Community
Profile to identify key issues for our community. These have been summarised in the
following table. As part of the process we endeavoured to identified causal factors to
the issues. Community partners were also identified. This information was then used
to determine SWDCC's Annual Plan for 2003/2004

                                    Key Issues
Issues                       Causal Factors                  Key Partners
Youth                        Drugs                           Police
        Particularly male        cannabis, "P",            Schools
        Truancy                     Alcohol,                Nash
        Gangs East/West          Under-age drinking        Toi Te Ora
        Graffiti                 Binge drinking            Child Youth and Family
                             Poor Parenting.                 REAP James Family
                             Schools' lack of alternatives   Alternative ED
Serious Road Accidents       Carelessness                    REAP
     Drink Drivers          Alcohol                         Licensing Programme
     Speed                  Drugs                           YATA
     Poor skills            Peer pressure                   Youth Attitude to Alcohol
     Unwarranted cars       Growing up                      Police
     Unlicensed drivers     Low Income                      LTSA
     Boy Racers             White middle class              Road Safety Co-ordinator
                             syndicate                       Awhi mai Awhi atu
                                                             Marae Programme for
                                                             offenders
Family Violence              Compounded by,                  Child Youth and Family
    Domestic                   Low Income                  Women's Refuge
    Sexual                     Drugs/ Alcohol              Nash
    general                    Low self Esteem             Police
                                Poor communication          Awhi Mai Awhi Atu
                                  skills                     Victim Support
                                Learnt behaviour            James Family
                                                             Family Court
Burglaries & Petty Crime     Peer Pressure                   Community Honesty
    Shop lifting            Low Income                      Programme
    House Burglaries        Dishonest example               Police/Churches/Media
    Theft of and from       Gangs influences to earn        Child Youth and Family,
       cars                  status                          State Insurance
                                                             Kopeopeo Lions and The
                                                             Warehouse




                                             9
Issues                      Causal Factors              Key Partners
Drug and Alcohol abuse      Most common factors         Whakatane Health Board
     "p" Education             Shame                  NASH
       awareness                Trauma                 YATA
     Binge Drinking            Failure to achieve     Toi Te Ora
     Driving with excess       Cultural dislocation   ALAC
     Dangers to self and       Loss of Wairua         LLG
       others                                           Te Kaokao o Takapau
     Family Violence                                   REAP
     Organised Crime




                                          10
                    Current Programmes

1.    Supporting those who are in the frontline of Family Violence work, eg
      Women's Refuge and Awhi mai Awhi atu.
2.    Assist Neighbourhood Support and asking NS to establish 2 new groups in
      the Rural Sector this year.
3.    Supporting Tu Tangata Breakfast Programmes and help them working in two
      more schools this year.
4.     Start a new programme that emphasises honesty as a value in itself and for
       personal integrity . Run the programme in the same way the Everyday
       Communities 2002 with extensive community involvement. This programme
       would cover almost all of the Key Objectives of the Crime Reduction Strategy.
       Use resources like Cornerstone and The Virtues Programme to influence
       Families.       Partners    from      the     Community        like     State
       Insurance/Warehouse/Kope Lions/Child Youth and Family./ 1XX, Taiohi,
       SunFM/Beacon and the Eastern Bay News.
      If successful it could become a national programme promoted by the Lions or
      the Warehouse or State Insurance.
5.    Supporting REAP in their education programme for learner licences, keeping
      cars safer and warranted.
6.    Supporting Awhi mai Awhi atu in their programme for offenders who have
      been convicted of Drink Driving.
7.    Drug and Alcohol Awareness Programme. Particularly getting the message to
      youth regarding the dangers Binge Drinking, Substance Abuse like "P".
      Creating awareness of the dangers of driving and being driven by people who
      are intoxicated.

OTHER PROGRAMMES

The SWDCC can also support work and initiatives elsewhere to achieve its outcomes.
Three examples of this are:
1.    Eastern Bay of Plenty Social Development Forum
2.    Mayors Task Force for Jobs
3.    With the Whakatane District Council as sponsor provides an opportunity to
      work in a broader context with Council,
      Examples -Liquor Licensing
                  - Safety in Public Places




                                         11
                                   Community Profile




                                     Table for this graph is table 1 in appendix 2.

The District’s population under 35 is falling and the over 35 population is growing,
notably the over 65s. But more of the District’s population is in the teen and under
15 age group than the country as a whole. Refer actual figures in a table appendix 1

This is the same graph as above but it has broken down the population into Maori
and non Maori.

                       Population Distribution of Whakatane District

                14%
                12%
   Percentage




                10%
                 8%
                 6%
                 4%
                 2%
                 0%
                                    r
                                   4

                                   9

                                   4

                                   9

                                   4

                                   9

                                   4

                                   9

                                   4

                                   9

                           65 -64
                      4

                                   9




                                 ve
                                -1

                                -1

                                -2

                                -2

                                -3

                                -3

                                -4

                                -4

                                -5

                                -5
                  0-

                          5-




                               O
                              10

                              15

                              20

                              25

                              30

                              35

                              40

                              45

                              50

                              55

                              60

                             &




                                                        Age Group

                      Whakatane District        New Zealand            Whk Maori      Non Maori




                                                           12
It is interesting to note that when you separate Maori and non-Maori there is a
marked difference between the early life and later life of each. The Maori population
is are 5% more at birth and 9% less at 65 and over. These figures would indicate that
Maori have greater needs in their early development and education are significantly
higher than non Maori. At the other end of the scale in the over 65s,there is serious
concerns for Maori health and well being in this district.

67% of residents identified as European, 42% identified as Maori, note that more than
one ethnicity can be given. For all New Zealand, 80% said they were European, 15%
Maori.

47% of residents said they were of Maori ancestry and 52% said they weren’t, 2%
didn’t know. This compares to 45%, 53% and 2% respectively in 1996; 42%, 54% and
4% in 1991. Nationally only 18% said they were of Maori ancestry and 80% said they
weren’t.
                              Whakatane District
                            Don't Know
                               2%




                                                           Maori Ancestry
                                                               47%
        No Maori Ancestry
             51%




                                             New Zealand



                                                   Don't Know
                                                      2%          Maori Ancest ry
                                                                       18%




                              No Maori Ancest ry
                                     80%




Whakatane District has a much higher proportion of Maori residents than the
country as a whole and it is increasing. In many communities within the District the
majority of the population are Maori.


                                                           13
Of families with children 62% were two-parent families and 38% single-parent
families. This compares to 67% and 33% respectively in 1996; 71% and 29%
respectively in 1991. For New Zealand 69% were two-parent families and 31%
single-parent families in 2001.

The number of single-parent families compared to two-parent families is increasing
in the District and is higher than the national figure. Both the children and parents in
single parent families have an increased likelihood of experiencing crime.


                                                                       Couple w ith Child(ren) - No
                                Number of Children by Family Type      Dependent
                                                                       Children
                                                                       Couple w ith Child(ren) - One
                        1,200
                                                                       Dependent
                                                                       Child
                                                                       Couple w ith Child(ren) - Tw o
                                                                       Dependent
                        1,000
                                                                       Children
                                                                       Couple w ith Child(ren) - Three or
                                                                       More Dependent Children
                         800
                                                                       Couple w ith Child(ren) - Number of
   Number of Families




                                                                       Dependent Children Unknow n


                         600                                           One Parent w ith Child(ren) - No
                                                                       Dependent
                                                                       Children
                                                                       One Parent w ith Child(ren) - One
                         400                                           Dependent
                                                                       Child
                                                                       One Parent w ith Child(ren) - Tw o
                                                                       Dependent
                         200                                           Children
                                                                       One Parent w ith Child(ren) - Three
                                                                       or More Dependent Children

                            -                                          One Parent w ith Child(ren) - Number
                                             Whakatane District        of Dependent Children Unknow n


35% of residents 15 years of age and over stated they had no qualifications, 7% stated
they had a university degree and 22% had some other tertiary qualification.
Nationally 28% of residents 15 years of age and over stated they had no
qualifications, 12% stated they had a university degree and 20% had some other
tertiary qualification




                                                                  14
The District's population is less qualified than the country as a whole.


                         Labour Force Status In Whakatane District

      100%



      80%



      60%                                                                      Not In Labour Force
                                                                               Unemployed
                                                                               Part-Time Employment
      40%                                                                      Full-Time Employment



      20%



       0%
             Whakatane     New     Whakatane     New     Whakatane     New
              District   Zealand    District   Zealand    District   Zealand

                    1991                  1996                  2001


                           The table for this graph is in appendix 3

The number of residents 15 years of age and over in full-time employment increased
by 372 since 1996 and 738 since 1991. The number of residents in part-time
employment increased by 126 since 1996 and 1,245 since 1991. The number of
residents unemployed increased by 51 since 1996 but decreased by 15 since 1991.
The number of residents 15 years of age and over not in the labour force decreased
by 345 since 1996 and 1839 since 1991. The unemployment rate dropped from 14% in
1991 to 12% in 2001. The national unemployment rate in 2001 was 7%.

The District has a higher unemployment rate than the country as a whole, but it does
seem to be slowly dropping at the same rate as NZ as a whole. There is an increased
number of people who are working in either part or and in full-time employment.




                                                    15
                                       Personal Income for Residents of Whakatane District 2001

                 20%

                 18%

                 16%

                 14%

                 12%
   Perce ntage




                                                                                                                                                                      Whakatane District
                 10%                                                                                                                                                  New Zealand

                 8%

                 6%

                 4%

                 2%

                 0%
                       Loss   None   $1 - $5000   $5001 -   $10001 -   $15001 -     $20001 -      $25001 -   $30001 -   $40001 -   $50001 -   $70001 -   $100001 or
                                                  $10000     $15000     $20000       $25000        $30000     $40000     $50000     $70000    $100000       more
                                                                                  Annual Income




The mean income for the District was $23,774 ; the national mean income was higher
at $25,357 . The median income for the District was $15,916. and the national was
again higher at $18, 500. 58% had an annual income of $20,000 or less. Nationally
53% had an annual income of $20,000 or less.

The Mean and Median Income of Whakatane District residents is $48,562 and
$40, 161 respectively.

A higher proportion of residents 15 and older earn less than $20,000 than the country
as a whole.

Conclusions from the 2001 Census

Whakatane District when compared to the country as a whole has proportionately
more children, more Maori, more single parent families, more people with no
qualifications, more people on low incomes and more unemployed. All these are risk
factors towards higher levels of experiencing crime.

Other factors are that the population is getting older and the birth- rate is falling.
Unemployment is slowly coming down. It is also worth noting that unemployed
young people are leaving the area for work opportunities.

DEPRIVATION INDEX

The New Zealand Deprivation Index ranks areas from 0 to 10, 10 being the highest
levels of deprivation. Factors that will increase the score include low income, high
unemployment, no academic qualifications, overcrowding, no car, no phone, living
in rental accommodation and single parent families.

Area Units within Whakatane District given a ranking of 10 in the 2001 census are:
Taneatua Community, Te Teko, Trident, Orini, Waimana, Urewera and Murupara.



                                                                                                   16
                        The whole District is seen in this graph. ( Page 117 Profile 2000 )


                                        Chart 6 - Whakatane District

                                  30%
          Percent of Population


                                  25%

                                  20%

                                  15%

                                  10%

                                  5%

                                  0%
                                          1     2     3     4         5     6     7     8     9    10
        Whakatane                        2%    4%    8%    10%       8%    9%    8%    8%    18%   25%
        New Zealand                      10%   10%   10%   10%       10%   10%   10%   10%   10%   10%
                                                            Index of Deprivation


1ThisIndex does not include age factors, which are key in identifying risk areas and
informing crime prevention.

Youth programmes could focus on those Area Units with a high number of young
people.

Adult literacy programmes and employment support schemes could focus on those
Area Units with a high number of adults with no qualifications and those with a high
unemployment rate.

Family support programmes could focus on those Area Units with a high number of
one parent families.



Area Units of highest levels of social and economic disadvantage are better defined
by ranking the number of times an Area Unit has a higher than district average
percentage of people in the crime-prevention relevant census factors used in the table
below. The higher the score the higher the level of disadvantage. The number
displayed for each factor is the ranking of that Area Unit, 1 being the highest
percentage in the District for that factor.

Those Area Units with a high number of social disadvantages could be focussed on
by social crime prevention initiatives.



1Footnote, 1 is least deprived, 10 is most deprived. Prolife2001 Environment Bay of Plenty,
Resource Policy Publication 2002/03 page 117

                                                                17
DISADVANTAGE FACTORS


              Age (years)      Economic Disadvantage          Single     Ethnicity    Decile
                                                              Parents                ranking
 Area Unit     0   10   20     Low       High       Low      High No.     High        Total
              to   to   to   Income     Unempl.     Educ.   One Parent    Maori       Disad.
               9   19   29   (> $20k)                        Families     Pop.       Factors
Ohope                                                                                  0/8

Matata        7                 6          7         10         4           8         6/8

Taneatua      3    2    5       1          2         2          1           4         8/8
Community
Edgecumbe     6                10         12         7          6                     5/8
Community
Te Teko       2    4    1       2          1         1          3           1         8/8

Whakatane               1       7                               8                     3/8
North
Coastlands         11                                                                 1/8

Whakatane     7    7    1      10          9                    12                    6/8
West
Trident       7                 5          9         11         6                     5/8

Allandale-              5                                                             1/8
Mokorua
Orini         3    7            4          3         5          4           3         7/8

Maraetotara        1           13                                                     2/8

Poroporo           5            8          5         6                      5         5/8

Otakiri                                                                               0/8

Rotoma        7    11                      9         7          9           9         6/8

Matahina-     7    7    1                            7          9           7         6/8
Minginui
Waimana       3    2            8          5         4          9           5         7/8

Urewera            7           12          8                                9         4/8

Murupara      1    5    5       2          4         3          2           2         8/8




                                               18

				
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