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Planning Sheet

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									Unit 11
                                                                          Five daily lessons                                   Merseyside Consultants’
Money and real life problems                                                                                                   Cluster Group
                                                                                                                           This Unit Plan is designed to guide
                                                                                                                           your teaching.
Year 1
                                                                                                                           You will need to adapt it to meet the
Summer term
                                                                                                                           needs of your class.
                                       Unit Objectives
                                              Year 1
                                                                                                                        Resources needed to teach this unit:
                                                                                           Pages
                                                                                                                              Mega money
                  Use mental methods to solve simple problems set in „real life‟
                                                                                                                              Small money
                   including money, using counting, addition, subtraction, doubling
                                                                                                                              Items for “Stationery Shop”
                   and halving, explaining methods and reasoning orally.
                                                                                                                              Resource Sheet 11.1
                  Recognise coins of different values.
                                                                                                                              Resource Sheet 11.2
                  Find totals, give change from up to 20p and work out how to pay
                   using smaller coins.                                                                                       Resource Sheet 11.3
                  Choose and use appropriate number operations and mental                                                    Resource Sheet 11.4
                   strategies to solve problems.                                                                              Resource Sheet 11.5
                  Begin to use the +, - and = signs to record mental calculations in a
                   number sentence.


                                         Link Objectives
                      Foundation 2                                                Year 2

                                                                   Choose and use appropriate operations and
                                                                    efficient calculation strategies to solve
           Use developing mathematical ideas and                   problems.
            methods to solve practical problems                    Use mental addition and subtraction, simple
            involving counting and comparing in a real              multiplication and division to solve simple word
            life or role play context.                              problems involving numbers in „real life‟ (money)
           Begin to understand and use the                         using one or two steps.
            vocabulary. Sort coins, including the £1               Find totals, give change and work out which
            and £2 coins and use them in role play to               coins to pay with.
            pay and give change.                                   Explain how a problem was solved orally.
                                                                   Check results of calculations.
                                                                   Use +, - and = signs to record mental
                                                                    calculations in a number sentence.

                    (Key Objectives in bold)                  Merseyside Consultants‟ Cluster Group Unit Plans

 P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Planning Sheet                  Day 1                 Unit 11: Money and real life problems                           Term: Summer                                Year Group: 1

Oral and Mental                                       Main Teaching                                                                                               Plenary
Objectives and                                                                                                                                                    Teaching Activities/Focus
                                Teaching Activities   Objectives and Vocabulary              Teaching Activities
Vocabulary                                                                                                                                                        Questions
                                                      Use mental methods to solve            Show the children the „Stationery Shop‟ Resource Sheet (11.1)         Remind the children that they
                                                      simple problems set in „real life‟     or set out a selection of similar real items with price labels.      have been finding different
                                                      including money.                                                                                            ways to pay the same amount
                                                      Recognise coins of different values.   Ask questions such as:                                               of money.
                                                      Work out how to pay using different
                                                      coins.                                 Which item is the cheapest/costs the most?                           Ask some children to say how
                                                      Choose and use appropriate             How much would you pay for a pencil?                                 many ways they found to pay
                                                      number operations and mental           Can you find something that costs more than 5p? How much             8p, 7p etc.
                                                      strategies to solve problems.          more?
                                                                                                                                                                  Ask:
                                                      VOCABULARY                             Ask the children to talk in pairs and to agree questions they
                                                      money                                  could ask or statements they could make using the prices.            Which ways used the
                                                      coin                                   Encourage the use of a range of vocabulary. Feedback ideas.          most/fewest coins?
                                                      penny, pence                                                                                                Discuss how we use the most
                                                      price                                  The felt pen costs 5p. Ask the children:                             coins if we pay the total
                                                      cost                                                                                                        amount with the coin that has
                                                      buy                                    Which coins could I use to pay for the felt pen?                     the lowest value, 1p and the
                                                      spend, spent                           Is there more than one way to pay?                                   fewest if we pay with coins
                                                      pay                                                                                                         with the highest value.
                                                      dear, costs more                       Invite children to come and show ways to pay using „Mega
                                                      cheap, costs less, cheaper             Money‟. Record each solution on the whiteboard.                      Ask:
                                                      costs the same as
                                                      how much...? how many/total            Have we found all the ways to pay?                                   I want to find all the ways I
                                                                                             How could we check?                                                  could pay for the pencil which
                                                      RESOURCES                                                                                                   costs 6p. Can you help me
                                                      „Mega money‟                           Give different groups different items from the shop to investigate   find all the ways?
                                                      small money                            all the different ways to pay. Some children could total two items   How could I start?
                                                      Resource Sheet 11.1                    and find ways to make that total. Keep the pencil (6p) to discuss    What could I do next?
                                                      Items of stationery                    in the plenary.
                                                                                                                                                                  Encourage children to start
                                                                                             Provide pots of small coins and paper for children to record their   working systematically.
                                                                                             solutions.
                                                                                                                                                                     Start with all 1p coins or
                                                                                                                                                                      with 5p and 1p.
                                                                                                                                                                     Substitute coins in one
                                                                                                                                                                      solution with others to find
                                                                                                                                                                      a new solution.




                                                                  Merseyside Consultants‟ Cluster Group Unit Plans

  P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Planning Sheet                  Day 2                 Unit 11: Money and real life problems                          Term: Summer                                Year Group: 2

Oral and Mental                                       Main Teaching                                                                                              Plenary
Objectives and                                                                                                                                                   Teaching Activities/Focus
                                Teaching Activities   Objectives and Vocabulary             Teaching Activities
Vocabulary                                                                                                                                                       Questions

                                                      Use mental methods to solve           Show the children the „Stationery Shop‟ resources again.             Show the Stationery Shop
                                                      simple problems set in real life,                                                                          resources again.
                                                      including money.                      Ask someone to choose 2 items to buy from the shop.
                                                                                                                                                                 Tell the children that you
                                                      Find totals and work out how to pay   Ask:                                                                 bought two items from the
                                                      using smaller coins.                        How much will (s)he have to pay to buy these items?           shop and the total cost was
                                                                                                  Can you explain how you worked out the total cost?            12p. Tell them that one of the
                                                      Choose and use appropriate                  Which coins could (s)he use to pay the exact amount?          items was a crayon.
                                                      number operations and mental                                                                               Ask if they can work out what
                                                      strategies to solve problems.         Children could work in pairs to find the answer and record their     the other item was.
                                                                                            methods on whiteboards.                                              Discuss methods used.

                                                      VOCABULARY                            Discuss the methods used e.g. known facts, counting on, use of       Repeat with other items.
                                                                                            near doubles.
                                                      cost                                                                                                       Ask:
                                                      buy                                   Agree that there are different ways to pay and find which uses
                                                      pay                                   the fewest coins.                                                    If I bought two items for 15p
                                                      spend/spent                           Repeat.                                                              which two items could I have
                                                      money                                                                                                      bought?
                                                      coin                                  Children could work in differentiated groups to find totals of 2/3
                                                      penny/pence                           items priced as appropriate.                                         Allow time to talk in pairs to
                                                      How much...?                                                                                               find solutions.
                                                      total                                 or
                                                      altogether                                                                                                 Feed back and discuss
                                                                                            Give groups of children sets of cards made from the resource         methods.
                                                      RESOURCES                             sheets, differentiated by the prices used. Place the cards face
                                                                                            down on the table. Each pair chooses 2/3 cards and calculates
                                                      „Mega Money‟                          the total cost of the items chosen, recording their methods. The
                                                      Small money                           pair with the highest total scores a point. Replace cards and
                                                      Resource Sheet 11.1                   repeat.




                                                                  Merseyside Consultants‟ Cluster Group Unit Plans

  P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Planning Sheet                  Day 3                 Unit 11: Money and real life problems                         Term: Summer                                  Year Group: 2

Oral and Mental                                       Main Teaching                                                                                               Plenary
Objectives and                                                                                                                                                    Teaching Activities/Focus
                                Teaching Activities   Objectives and Vocabulary            Teaching Activities
Vocabulary                                                                                                                                                        Questions
                                                         Use mental methods to            Invite a child to choose two items to buy from the Stationery          Remind the children that they
                                                          solve simple problems set in     Shop.                                                                  have been finding the change
                                                          „real life‟ including money,                                                                            from 20p when they buy two
                                                          using counting, addition,        Ask:                                                                   items from the Stationery
                                                          subtraction, doubling and                                                                               Shop.
                                                          halving, explaining methods      If (s)he buys these two items from the shop how can we work out
                                                          and reasoning orally             how much change (s)he would get from 20p?                              Show them some „Mega
                                                         Recognise coins of different                                                                            Money‟ that totals 6p.
                                                          values.                          What would we have to work out first?
                                                         Find totals, give change from                                                                           Ask:
                                                          up to 20p and work out how to    What would we have to do next?
                                                          pay using smaller coins.                                                                                If I bought two items from the
                                                         Use +, - and = signs to record   Ask the children to work in pairs to do the first step – finding the   shop and this was my change
                                                          mental calculations.             total cost of the two items – and record their method using a          which two items did I buy?
                                                                                           number sentence on their whiteboards. Discuss the methods
                                                      VOCABULARY                           used and remind children that we can add the amounts in any            How can we work it out?
                                                                                           order.
                                                      money                                                                                                       Agree that there are two steps:
                                                      coin                                 Now ask the children to do the next step in the problem – finding
                                                      penny/pence/pound                    the change from 20p. Agree how they can find the difference                  Finding the difference
                                                      price                                between the total cost and 20p.                                               between the change and
                                                      cost                                                                                                               20p which tells us how
                                                      buy                                  Ask some children to share their methods and record them on                   much the items cost.
                                                      sell                                 the board.                                                                    Work out this step
                                                      spend/spent                                                                                                        together.
                                                      pay                                  Ask:                                                                         Find which items could
                                                      change                                                                                                             have cost 14p in total.
                                                      dear/costs more                      Can you show me which coins (s)he might get in her change?                    Give time to discuss in
                                                      cheap/costs less/cheaper                                                                                           pairs and find different
                                                      costs the same as                    Discuss the different ways that the change could be given.                    solutions.
                                                      how much...? how many/total
                                                                                           Repeat.
                                                      RESOURCES
                                                                                           Children could choose different items to buy and calculate the
                                                      „Mega Money‟                         change from 20p.
                                                      small money
                                                      Resource Sheet 11.1
                                                      Stationery items




                                                                 Merseyside Consultants‟ Cluster Group Unit Plans

  P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Planning Sheet                  Day 4                 Unit 11: Money and real life problems                         Term: Summer                                 Year Group: 2

Oral and Mental                                       Main Teaching                                                                                              Plenary
Objectives and                                                                                                                                                   Teaching Activities/Focus
                                Teaching Activities   Objectives and Vocabulary                Teaching Activities
Vocabulary                                                                                                                                                       Questions
                                                         Use mental methods to solve          Show the children a short problem – Resource Sheet 11.2.          Ask the children what we need
                                                          simple problems set in „real life‟   Read through the problem together.                                to think about when we are
                                                          including money, using counting,                                                                       solving problems.
                                                          addition, subtraction, doubling      Remind the class that they have been solving problems
                                                          and halving, explaining              about money. Today they are going to solve problems that          Refer to Resource Sheet 11.4
                                                          methods and reasoning orally.        do not involve money but they still need to think about how to    to see whether all the steps
                                                         Choose and use appropriate           solve the problem in the same way.                                have been discussed.
                                                          number operations and mental
                                                          strategies to solve problems.           What do we need to find out?                                  Show the children some
                                                                                                  What is the important information?                            problems that do not contain
                                                      VOCABULARY                                  What operation do we need to use?                             all the information needed to
                                                                                                  How can we write a number sentence for that                   solve the problem.
                                                      add/addition                                 calculation?
                                                      subtract/subtraction                                                                                          What information do we
                                                      total                                    Ask the children how they would solve the problem.                    need to solve this
                                                      altogether                               Write the number sentence on the board. Remind children               problem?
                                                                                               that we can check the total by adding in a different order.          Can you suggest what the
                                                      RESOURCES                                                                                                      missing information could
                                                                                               Repeat with some of the problems on Resource Sheet 11.3               be so that we can solve
                                                      Resource sheets 11.1 – 11.5              reminding children of the steps in their thinking when they are       the problem?
                                                                                               solving problems.
                                                                                                                                                                 See Resource Sheet 11.5 for
                                                                                               You could use the problem solving approach on Resource            suggested questions.
                                                                                               Sheet 11.4.

                                                                                               Children could work in groups to solve a small number of
                                                                                               similar differentiated problems.




                                                                  Merseyside Consultants‟ Cluster Group Unit Plans

  P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Planning Sheet                  Day 5                 Unit 11: Money and real life problems                           Term: Summer                                  Year Group: 2

Oral and Mental                                       Main Teaching                                                                                                 Plenary
Objectives and                                                                                                                                                      Teaching Activities/Focus
                                Teaching Activities   Objectives and Vocabulary                Teaching Activities
Vocabulary                                                                                                                                                          Questions

                                                         Use mental methods to solve          Remind the children that they have been solving problems this        Invite children to tell the rest
                                                          simple problems set in „real life‟   week about the items that are sold in the Stationery Shop.           of the class a number story
                                                          including money, using               Show the children the problem from Resource Sheet 11.2               they have made up.
                                                          counting, addition,                  again.                                                               Can anyone say the number
                                                          subtraction, doubling and            Read through the problem together.                                   sentence that goes with this
                                                          halving, explaining methods          Remind the class about the questions we ask ourselves to             problem?
                                                          and reasoning orally.                help us to solve problems.
                                                         Choose and use appropriate
                                                          number operations and mental               What do we need to find out?
                                                          strategies to solve problems.              What is the important information?
                                                                                                     What operation do we need to use?
                                                      VOCABULARY                                     How can we write a number sentence for that calculation?

                                                      add/addition                             Ask:
                                                      subtract/subtraction
                                                      total                                    Can you tell me the number sentence we used to work out the
                                                      altogether                               answer to this problem?
                                                                                               Record the number sentence on the board.

                                                                                               Ask:

                                                                                               Can anyone think of another problem that would have the
                                                                                               same number sentence?
                                                                                               Model how to make up a number story using contexts other
                                                                                               than the stationery shop.
                                                                                               Give the children time to talk in pairs about a problem that
                                                                                               would fit this number sentence.
                                                                                               Repeat with a selection of addition and subtraction sentences
                                                                                               allowing time for children to work in pairs or larger groups to
                                                                                               make up „number stories‟.

                                                                                               Give groups strips of paper with individual calculations on.
                                                                                               Ask them to make up problems/number stories to fit the
                                                                                               calculations.
                                                                                               Children could draw pictures or use real items to illustrate their
                                                                                               number story.
                                                                                               Ask some children to be prepared to share their ideas in the
                                                                                               plenary.




                                                                  Merseyside Consultants‟ Cluster Group Unit Plans

  P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Resource Sheet 11.1



                                         2p

                                   9p




        8p                               6p




        4p
                                        7p




                              5p              10p

P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Resource Sheet 11.2


Anna buys 4 pencils




Harry buys 5 pencils




How many pencils do they buy altogether?



P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Resource Sheet 11.3



      There are 14 pairs of scissors in
      the shop. Lee buys 5 pairs of
      scissors.
How many pairs are left?

Hannah and Katie each buy 6 felt
pens. How many do they buy in
total?

      Gemma buys 12 crayons and her
     brother buys 9.
     How many crayons do they buy
altogether?

There are 16 pencils in the shop.
Daniel buys half of them.
How many pencils are left?

P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Resource Sheet 11.4




P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415
Resource Sheet 11.5


There are 12 pencils in the
shop. Joe buys some of them.
How many pencils are left?

              Tom and Sam buy the same
              number of glue sticks. How
many did they buy altogether?

Clare buys 7 red crayons and some
blue crayons. How many crayons
does she buy in total?

                                James buys some felt pens. he
                              gives half to his sister. How many
                               felt pens do they each get?




P/LL/SI/KS/UNITPLANS/PBR415

								
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