Promoting Cultural Diversity

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					Promoting Cultural Diversity

     Ohrid, Macedonia




      23-29 July, 2007
                                          Contents


Brief Summary of the Project                                                                          3


Description of activities                                                                             3


Partner organisations                                                                                 7


Preparation                                                                                           7


Practical organisation                                                                                7


Achievements                                                                                          8


Working methods                                                                                       9


Beneficiaries                                                                                         9


Follow-up and evaluation                                                                              9


Conclusion                                                                                            10




                   Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                      Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                  2
                                  Promoting Cultural Diversity
                                               23-29 July, 2007
                                               Ohrid, Macedonia


Brief Summary of Project

The seminar has brought together 20 youth work practitioners from across Europe who had a
chance to share experiences and discuss varying approaches and policies related to cultural
diversity with particular reference to youth work.


Description of activities


Tuesday, July 24th
Session 1 and 2 Ice-breaking and getting to know each other
Context: the aim of this session was to help the participants to get to know each other and to
introduce the topic of the training course in informal way.
Contents:
       Name games, ice-breaking games, group-building games


Session 3 Needs and expectations
Context: the aim of this session was to get a feedback from the participants about the
expectations and needs about the training course and to create the team spirit
Contents: Participants were given an opportunity to express their fears, needs and expectations
about the particular training course with the help of coloured post-its on the flipcharts.




                                                      Session 4 Defining cultural diversity
                                                      Context: the aim of the session was to give the
                                                      overview of different definitions of the term “culture”
                                                      and “diversity”.
                                                      Contents: presentation about cultural diversity. Then
                                                      participants were divided into 4 groups in order to
                                                      share different perceptions of cultural diversity.




Session 5 Intercultural evening
Context: This part of the programme is less formal opportunity for the participants to get to know
other cultures and nationalities through food, music and other interactive forms of presentation
chosen by participants.
Contents: Each country had a stall at its disposal, where they displayed food, drinks, tourist
information and other materials about their culture.



                     Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                        Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                    3
Wednesday, July 25th
Session 1 Cultural diversity in Macedonia
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Macedonia as well as to present the host country of the seminar.
Contents: participants were divided into 5 groups and they were given time to discover the
situation with minorities in Macedonia by asking the following questions to the local people:

       How many minorities live in Macedonia?
       Do the minorities have equal rights in Macedonia?
       How are minorities accepted in the society?
       Do we have racism in Macedonia?
       Do different minority groups socialize between themselves?
       Is the minority youth included in the social life among their
       schoolmates?
       D local people have prejudices towards some minority
       groups?
       Do you think that the young people from the rural areas
       have the same possibilities as the young people from the
       urban areas?
The presentations of the groups and discussion followed and the host organisation presented the
information about the minorities in Macedonia.

Session 2 Cultural diversity in Serbia
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Serbia.
Contents: presentation of cultural and ethnic diversity in Serbia. Then the participants were
divided into 4 groups and each group had to role-play the following topics using the background
information provided:

       Social inclusion/exclusion of minority communities
       Cultural diversity of urban/rural population
       Projects promoting community cohesion, particularly in the youth field
       Fighting racism and xenophobia


Session 3 Cultural diversity in Croatia
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Croatia.
Contents: participants were divided into 3 groups and each group had to role-play the following
topics using the background information provided:

       Problems in Croatia with Slovenians
       Cultural diversity of Serbian and Croatians
       Fighting racism and xenophobia



                      Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                         Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                     4
Session 4 Cultural diversity in Albania
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Albania.
Contents: the discussion about the war in Yugoslavia was interlinked with the presentation of
cultural diversity in Albania.


Thursday, July 26th
Session 1 Cultural diversity in Bosnia
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Bosnia.
Contents: participants were given the statements and they had to decide if the particular
statement can be referred as violence or not. Then the introduction to the cultural diversity
followed.


Session 2 Cultural diversity in Great Britain
                                          Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the
                                          participants to the situation with minority groups in
                                          the UK.
                                          Contents: the power point presentation gave the
                                          basic facts about cultural diversity in Great Britain.
                                          Participants had to write the term “Cultural diversity”
                                          in their mother tongues. Discussion about Muslim
                                          community in Great Britain followed.
                                          “Identity onion exercise”: Participants had a time to
                                          fill in the layers of “onion” with the information about
                                          the different perceptions of their cultures- what
                                          according to them people know about their countries
                                          and cultures and what they are missing. Then the
                                          participants were divided into 4 groups so that they
could exchange their personal experiences with other participants. Presentation of Minorities of
Europe followed.


Session 3 mid-term evaluation
Context: the aim of the session was to understand the overall satisfaction of participants with the
programme and logistics.
Contents: participants were given a time to think and to reply to the following questions:

       What did you enjoy most of all?
       What you didn’t enjoy?
       What would you like to change?
       Comments…


Session 4 Cultural diversity in Latvia
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Latvia.
Contents: Short movie about Latvia and presentation of minority groups in Latvia was followed by
a discussion. Participants had an opportunity to participate in Latvian traditional games and hear
some Latvian folk songs.


                     Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                        Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                    5
Friday, July 27th
Session 1 Cultural diversity in Germany
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Germany.
Contents: short brainstorming session in order to know what participants know about Germany,
then power point presentation followed and afterwards participants were divided into 5 groups in
order to experience cultural diversity with sweets provided.


Session 2 Cultural diversity in Italy
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the participants to the situation with minority
groups in Italy.
Contents: Short movie about stereotypes about Italians and presentation of minority groups in
Italy. Afterwards – the participants had to draw their perception of the word “diversity”. The
discussion about different perceptions of cultural diversity in different countries followed.


Session 3 Sightseeing
Context: The sightseeing tour was planned as a way to explore the city and its cultural heritage.
Contents: Tour included a visit to Ohrid, a walk around the city and visits to some neighbourhoods
around the centre.


Saturday, July 28th
Session 1 Cultural diversity in Romania
Context: the aim of the session was to introduce the
participants to the situation with minority groups in
Romania.
Contents: Short movie about Romania was followed
by orientation game when participants were divided
into two teams. Each team had to find a piece of
puzzle of a shape of Romania. Each piece contained
some information about cultural diversity in Romania.
The map in whole presented the situation with
minority groups in Romania.


Session 2 Lessons learned-workshop
Context: the aim of the workshop was to refresh the contents of the seminar.
Contents: brainstorming about the keywords used during the seminar and personal reflections of
the participants.


Session 3 project drafting
Context: this time was assigned to participants’ individual and group work on projects they
proposed during the brainstorming session.
Contents: work in small groups on the project ideas proposed during the brainstorming session.
Persons nominated by each of the project groups presented their ideas to all participants.


Session 4 final evaluation
Context: part of the monitoring process of the seminar.
Contents: Participants were given a chance to express their views both anonymously, though an
evaluation form with both open and closed questions, and an oral evaluation connected with


                      Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                         Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                     6
throwing of the dice when the participants had to reflect on the positive and negative moments of
the seminar.
Closing ceremony with certificates followed.


Partner Organisations


      Beyond Barrers (Albania)
      AGM (Bosnia and Hercegovina)
      CnC (Croatia)
      Theatertage am See e.V. (Germany)
      TDM2000 (Italy)
      Youth National Minority Program “Golden Ball”
      (Latvia)
      PEL (Macedonia)
      Asociatia Culturala Porti Deschise (Romania)
      The Center for Youth Integration (Serbia)
      Minorities of Europe (UK)


Preparation


The partners for this project have been carefully selected, based on their experience in cultural
diversity youth work. The criteria for partnership, besides the geographical restriction to the
South-East European countries, were a mix of the following:

      Previous experience in cultural diversity and minority youth work
      Participation or organisation or successful YOUTH Programme projects
      Willingness to prepare a country presentation, presentation of organisation and community


The preparatory steps taken by MoE before and during the project:
      Needs assessment: exploring the current needs of selected minority youth NGOs in Europe
      Finding project partners
      Drafting the project outline, including aims, objectives and methodology
      Some logistical preparations
      Assessing the partner organisation’s training needs and expectations
      Logistical preparations
      Implementing the project


Practical Organization


Detailed description of travel details was provided to the participants before the seminar.
Participants were accommodated in hotel Clementica in Ohrid, Macedonia. Each room was
equipped with a bathroom and air conditioner. Most of the seminar programme took place in a



                      Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                         Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                     7
hired conference room of the hotel. Meals were served at the hotel restaurant. Coffee breaks were
served at the hotel restaurant.


Achievements


  Related to the creation of new partnerships and/or YOUTH projects,
     Creation of new partnerships – 5 new projects have been drafted during the seminar


  Related to the improved quality of YOUTH projects,
     The methods used during the seminar, with particular reference to cultural diversity issues
     contributed to the increased quality of future projects; participants got an insight of MoE
     work in the field of intercultural dialogue and cultural diversity projects


  Related to the promotion of the YOUTH programme,
       All the projects have been drafted will be finalised and submitted in the frames of Youth in
       Action Programme to the National Agencies of the participants countries


  Related to the inclusion of young people with less opportunities into the YOUTH programme,
       The seminar was centred on the issues of intercultural dialogue. The organizations present
       in the training course work also with young people with fewer opportunities, so this group
       will get access to the information in the countries represented in the training course


  Related to the skills, qualifications and personal development of the participants,
       The programme included workshops about cultural diversity in 10 countries that increased
       the knowledge of the participants about Balcan countries, as well as about EU countries.
       Participants experienced both the local reality of intercultural dialogue as well as
       international projects of the partner organizations involved in the training course


  Related to the innovative character of your working methods, themes and target groups,
       It can be clearly stated that the working methods where the participants had to prepare
       country presentations and to facilitate the workshops proved to be fresh and innovative
       and it was clear that this seminar should be followed by another seminar using the same
       techniques and methods where the participants have a chance to be active during the
       training event.




                     Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                        Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                    8
Working methods


The working methods were based on principles of non-formal education with a combination of
practical and theoretical tools. The working methods included:

      Country presentations
      Presentations of participating organisations
      Presentations of successful projects
      Theoretical inputs
      Group discussion
      Brainstorming sessions
      Project development work
      ICL games


Beneficiaries


The direct beneficiaries were the participants of the training course, coming from 10 countries,
representing NGOs and community groups from across the continent.


The indirect beneficiaries:
      Young people that partner organisations work
      with
      Communities where partner organisations
      work
      Partner organisations
      Other organisations co-operating with partner
      organisations
      Local NGOs in Macedonia, that will be able to
      present their work and learn from their
      colleagues


Follow-up and evaluation


The organisers have prepared a complex monitoring and evaluation programme to assure the
smooth running of the evaluation process:
       Pre-seminar questionnaire with needs and expectations and details of presentations
       prepared, to assure equal contribution of all organisations
       Needs and expectations session during Day 1
       Mid-term evaluation on Day 3
       Group evaluation at the end of the project


                      Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                         Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                     9
As far as the project follow-up to the project is concerned, the organisers paid particular attention
to the following:
       Creation of new Youth in Action projects related to cultural diversity publishing of the
       seminar materials on Minorities of Europe website and as a Resource CD.


Conclusion


The seminar was a great success and went beyond expectations for the following reasons: first of
all, the seminar attracted highly motivated participants, who provided individual engagement and
willingness to make the best of the provided opportunities. That is why during the whole seminar
vital discussions took place. The participants were active and motivated to create added value
after the seminar was finished and were ready to establish a network for further cooperation. This
is the reason to call the seminar a workshop where new ideas and cooperation were born.

Participants gave a positive feedback both to the training course itself and particularly to the
contents and the way the information was presented by participants themselves.
The conclusion can be made that the aims of the seminar were achieved and 5 projects both in
the frames of Youth in Action programme have been elaborated.




                     Minorities of Europe, Legacy House, 29 Walsgrave Road, Coventry, CV2 4HE, UK
                                        Tel: +44 (0) 2476225764 www.moe-online.com
                                                                                                    10