The Government of Angola
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
POLICY REVIEW OF ANGOLA
Undertaken at the request of the Government of Angola, the Science, Technology and Innovation
Policy Review (STIP) will assess the effectiveness of Angola's science and technology system,
policies and related institutions and identify areas of strengths and weaknesses, as well as
opportunities and threats arising within and outside the country. With focus on ICTs and
biotechnology, it will make available to Angolan policy-makers a roadmap for assessing and
monitoring the impact of their S&T policies and programmes, and a basis for formulating
strategies to ensure the role of S&T in national economic development. It will also increase
awareness within the international community of the challenges facing developing countries,
particularly LDCs such as Angola, and contribute to the global pool of knowledge and
understanding on the successful application of S&T for development.
Part I. a. Situation Analysis
The present project has been prepared at the request of the Government of Angola, through
the Cabinet of the Vice-Minister of Science and Technology, in its Note Verbale dated 26
May 2005 to the Secretary-General of the UNCTAD.
Having recently emerged from a long-drawn civil war, Angola has embarked on a massive
reconstruction programme aimed at putting the country onto a fast track to development. The
external conditions for success are present. At the national level, the country is extremely
rich in natural resources and is believed to have one of the richest oil reserves in Africa. At
the regional level, the neighbouring countries have also attained peace and are in the process
of reconstruction. At the international level, the United Nations has at the recent 2005 World
Summit decided to set up the UN Democracy Fund 1 and the Peace building Commission 2 to
support countries emerging from conflict such as Angola. On the other hand, the Angolan
economy had been severely damaged during the civil war. Agriculture has reverted to
subsistence level, infrastructure destroyed, education disrupted, and public health precarious.
As pointed out in the UNDP Economic Report on Angola in 2002-2004: Defusing the
Remnants of War, the key to achieving sustainable growth and reducing the vulnerability of
the Angolan economy to outside shocks lies in transforming the structure of the economy.
Part I. b. Strategy
Science, technology and innovation could be one of the most pivotal elements in Angola's
reconstruction process, as well as one of the most effective vehicles for its achievement of the
Millennium Development Goals. The overall objective of the present Science, Technology
and Innovation Policy (STIP) review is to provide a roadmap for policy- and decision-makers
in optimizing the role of science and technology in the development process, and to facilitate
the formulation of a coherent, long-term national strategy for the application of science, the
acquisition of technology and the promotion of innovation. It will also seek to contribute to
the understanding of Angola's challenges in rebuilding its economy.
Prepared in close collaboration with the government, and in consultation with all the
stakeholders, the review will analyze and pinpoint the strengths and weaknesses of existing
government policy covering science and technology. It will identify opportunities for
cooperation and collaboration with development partners both present in the country and
abroad, as well as with neighbouring countries and regional organizations. Factors that could
derail the reconstruction process, particularly in the area of technology acquisition and
diffusion, will be flagged. Drawing on the views of both public and private stakeholders, the
findings of experts, as well as experiences of other countries in harnessing science and
technology as a driver for economic development, the review will recommend options for the
Government of Angola to consider in designing its science and technology strategy.
The project outputs are a background paper and the STIP Review. The Review will be
discussed at a round-table among national stakeholders and development partners, and a
revised version will presented to the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology
for Development. The final version will be published under UNCTAD’s STIP Review series.
Support to facilitate the implementation of recommendations made in the Review could
subsequently be provided.
The UN Democracy Fund is to help create and strengthen democratic institutions in countries making the
difficult transition from civil conflict or authoritarian rule.
The Peacebuilding Commission is to support reconstruction and recovery with a view to preventing a relapse
Part II. PROJECT RESULTS AND RESOURCES FRAMEWORK
INTENDED OUTCOME AS STATED IN THE COUNTRY RESULTS FRAMEWORK: To provide Angolan decision- and policy-
makers with a guide for assessing and monitoring the impact of Angola’s S&T policies and programmes, and for formulating strategies to
ensure the role of S&T in national economic development;
OUTCOME INDICATOR: More coherent and effective S&T policies and measures, resulting in improved capacity for successful
technology acquisition and innovation; improved agricultural output, upgraded communication system and enhanced management ca pacity.
STRATEGIC AREA OF SUPPORT: The Government of Angola's Estrategia de Combate à Pobreza (2004-2007), and UNDP core
practice areas on 1) democratic governance and 2) poverty reduction.
PARTNERSHIP STRATEGY: UNCTAD as executing agency; the Government of Angola (Ministry of Science and Technology) as
national counterpart, and the UNDP as collaborating agency
PROJECT TITLE AND NUMBER: Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Review for Angola
Intended Outputs Indicative Activities Inputs
1. A Science, Technology 1.1. Fact finding mission by a team of international consultants and STIP Team: UNCTAD and
and Innovation Policy UNCTAD staff, including consultations with government officials, international and local consultants;
Review for Angola development partners and private sector representatives with a view UNDP
to: assessing current policy, undertaking a SWOT analysis which
takes account emerging regional and global opportunities,
formulating options for Angolan policy- and decision- makers to
ensure the effectiveness of S&T as a driver of development;
1.2. Submission of the first draft report to the Government for comments;
Intended Outputs Indicative Activities Inputs
2. Round-table discussion on 2.1 The findings will be presented for discussion at a national round- STIP Team;
STIP review findings table with Angola’s development partners, private sector UNDP;
representatives and NGOs. The conclusions of this discussion will be Travel;
reflected in the Review. Venue and other meeting inputs
3. Peer Review at the 3.1 Presentation at the UN Commission on Science and Technology High-level Government
Commission on Science and for Development, an ECOSOC functional commission, at its annual representation
Technology for Development session in Geneva. The outcome of ensuing debate will be reflected in
the final Review.
4. Follow-up programme 4.1 At the request of the Government, UNCTAD could draw up a UNCTAD, UNDP and the
project proposal for activities to implement the recommendations of Government of Angola
the STIP Review.
Part III. Management Arrangements
UNCTAD as the Executing Agency will be responsible for overall project management,
providing overall support to enable it to achieve its intended outputs and results. The
Executing Agency will thus be accountable to UNDP for all resources allocated by the latter.
Whether the source is UNDP or cost sharing.
In addition to regular technical backstopping and monitoring activities regularly provided, the
UNDP Country Office shall provide the Executing Agency with support services for the
execution of the programme. This will ensure that technical and substantive expertise is
available to the Programme for coordination, recruitment, procurement and contracting.
All services shall be provided in accordance with UNDP procedures, rules and regulations.
UNCTAD shall retain overall responsibility for the execution of the project and shall be
responsible for and bound by any contracts signed by the UNDP Resident Representative, on
behalf of the Executing Agency and upon its request, for the procurement of goods and
services and /or recruitment of personnel for the programme. Costs incurred by the UNDP
Country Office for providing the above described support services will be partly recovered
from the Programme budget. If needed, and in full consultation with the Government,
Cooperating Agencies might be requested to implement specific activities; in such case, a
formal letter of agreement between the concerned agency and the implementing agency or
official counterpart will be elaborated.
The Ministry of Science and Technology will serve as the National Project Coordinator
(NPC). The project shall be subject to independent evaluation according to UNDP’s standard
evaluation procedures, if required. The organization of such evaluation will be decided after
consultation between the Government, UNCTAD and UNDP.
Part IV. Legal Context
This project shall be the instrument referred to as such in article 1 of the Standard Basic
Assistance Agreement between the Government of Angola and the United Nations
Development Programme, signed by the parties on 18 February 1977. The host country’s
implementing agency shall, for the purpose of the Standard Basic Assistance Agreement, refer
to the Government co-operating agency described in that Agreement.
The following types of revisions may be made to this project document with the signature of
the UNDP Resident Representative only, provided he or she is assured that the other
signatories of the project document have no objections to the proposed changes:
i. Revisions in, or addition of, any of the annexes of the project document;
ii. Revisions which do not involve significant changes in the immediate
objectives, outputs or activities of the project, but are caused by the
rearrangement of inputs already agreed to or by cost increases due to
iii. Mandatory annual revisions, which rephase the delivery of, agreed project
inputs or reflect increased expert or other costs due to inflation, or take into
account cooperating agency expenditure flexibility.
Part V. Budget
The total budget is estimated at US$ 150,000.
Description Cost (US$)
11.01 International expert 1 15,000
11.02 International expert 2 15,000
11.03 International expert 3 15,000
Project travel costs
15.01 UNCTAD staff: 3 trips 25,000
16.01 Expert 1: 2 trips 13,000
16.02 Expert 2: 1 trip 7,000
16.03 Expert 3: 1 trip 7,000
17.01 National experts (10 work/months) 20,000
21.01 National Workshop 10,000
53.01 Miscellaneous 8,000
AOS 10% 15,000