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					AMC   RDECOM
               US Army Natick Soldier Research, Development & Engineering Center
               The Science Behind the Warfighter: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow




                           Natick Update



                                   American Apparel and Footwear
                                          Association
                                        March 15th, 2007


                                                   Maurice Larrivee
                                                   Natick Soldier RDE Center
                                                   Natick Soldier Systems Center
                                    UNCLASSIFIED
                                                   moe.larrivee@us.army.mil
                                        Natick Soldier Center
                                             Organization
                                     Office of the Director
                           Mr. Philip Brandler, Director, (508) 233-4700
                                  Ms. Colleen Cathcart, Associate Director, (508) 233-5161
                                  Mr. Edward Crivello, Executive Assistant, (508) 233-4006
        7                                                                                              40
   Directorates                                                                                      Teams
                                       Future Force
                                          Warrior
                                    Ms. Carol Fitzgerald
                                      (703) 704-1427


               Technology &                                                                Operations and
            Program Integration                                                           Customer Interface
             Mr. Donald Wajda                                                            LTC William Garland
              (508) 233-4327             National                                           (508) 233-5190
                                     Protection Center


      Individual         Airdrop/Aerial                DOD Combat                 Collective              Supporting
      Protection            Delivery                      Feeding                 Protection        Science &Technology
  Mr. Robert Kinney   Mr. Edward Doucette            Mr. Gerald Darsch         Mr. Frank Kostka       Dr. John Gassner
   (508) 233-4308        (508) 233-4636               (508) 233-4402            (508) 233-5257          (508) 233-4641

                     Business Development Management Team
                                                UNCLASSIFIED                           Military Liaison
                                                                                        to
                         Mr. CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today ISN at MIT
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&EArnie Boucher (508) 233-5431                                     and Tomorrow
                                                                                     LTC William Garland
                                                                                                                     2
                                                    INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION
                                                         DIRECTORATE
                                                                                                                   DSCP Liaison
                                                                                                                    Ms. Harris
                         National Protection
                               Center
   Future Force
                                                                                                                   Joint Shield Cell
   Warrior Team            Department                          IPD Director                                        Ms. Marie Jean-Pierre
                         Homeland Security                        Mr. Kinney                                         Mr. Cleve Heath
                                                                                                                    Ms. Amy Brayshaw




                  Materials Tech and                Army Soldier Systems       SOF Special Projects      SOF Special Projects               Office
                   Readiness Team                     Engineering Team               Team                Team – Project Mgr.               Of The
                     Mr. Larrivee                       Mr. Brennick             Mr. McDonald                 Mr. Chan                     Director

    Materials & Systems          Advanced Tech
                                                                                                                                 Administrative
     Integration Team                 Team
                                                                                      Load Individual                              Assistant
         Mr. Audet                Ms. Hepfinger              Ballistics
                                                                                        Equipment                                 Ms. Trumpis
                                                             Mr. Moody
                                                                                         Mr. Kirk
      Chemical Tech               Ballistics Tech
         Team                          Team                                                                                      BDMT Liaison
       Ms. McCoy                    Ms. Ward               Dress Clothing          Handwear/Footwear                              Ms. Mesale
                                                            Ms Moriarty               Ms. Crivello
    Research Materials           Fiber Production
        Engineer                   & Tech Team                                     Acquisition Support                        Facilities Manager
                                    Mr. Olejarz         Integrated Systems                Team                                   Mr. Cahoon
        Dr. Wilsuz
                                                          & Chemical Bio             Mr. Smedstad
                                 Office Naval                                                                                Operations Manager
     Homeland Defense
                                   Research                                                                                      Ms. Mello
         Liaison                                        Configuration Mgmt.           Marine Corps
                                 Mr. Mackiewicz
      Andra Kirsteins                                      Ms. Crivello                 Liaison
                                                                                                                                  Plans Analyst
                                                                                                                                   Mr. Brown
                                               Engineering, Prototype & Performance Evaluation Team
                                                                  Mr. Devarakonda                                                  Resource
                                                                                                                                Management Team
                                                                                                                                   Ms. Parker
                          Textile Performance                   UNCLASSIFIED           Engineering Development
                                                                Design & Prototype
                               Evaluation                                                     & Support
US ARMY NATICK                 Ms CENTER n The
                   SOLDIER RD&E Santos                         Ms Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and
                                                           ScienceCumming-Rowell              Mr Proulx                         Tomorrow Feb 06
                                                                                                                                        9             3
                     New Trees ---- Same Monkeys



                                                                Well --- Almost



                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         4
                                Natick Soldier RDE Center-
                                  Current Organization
                                            Acting Technical Director
                                                  John Obusek
       Associate Director                                                     Military Deputy: LTC John Dailey
        Colleen Cathcart
                                                                   Chief Scientist: Dr. Lynne Samuelson
                       LEAN/Six Sigma: Bob Kinney

                                                                      Senior Scientists: Dr. Claire Gordon, 1 Vacant
                  Warrior Systems TBESC Deputy Chair/
                 Warrior Systems IPT Chair: Susan Butler
                                                                   Legal Office: John Stone

                 Future Force Warrior ATD: Carol Fitzgerald



   Business &                DoD                Shelters           Technology,          Warfighter Science,                Warfighter
   Operations             Combat              Technology,           Systems &             Technology &                 Protection & Aerial
   Directorate            Feeding            Engineering &           Program            Applied Research                    Delivery
   (Bus&Ops)             Directorate          Fabrication           Integration            Directorate                    Directorate
                            (CFD)             Directorate          Directorate              (WarSTAR)                      (WarPAD2)
    Colleen                                     (STEFD)               (TSPID)
    Cathcart            Gerry Darsch                                                       John Gassner                   Ed Doucette
                                              Frank Kostka         Don Wajda




                                                              UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                                                             5
                                        New Names

  nAnd --- By The Way

                               Natick Soldier Center


            Natick Soldier Research, Development and
                      Engineering Center




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         6
                 We’ve Come A Long Way…


                         Since Vietnam, many
                          advancements have been
                          made to the functionality,
                          comfort, and protection offered
                          by the Army’s multiple
                          generations of Combat
                          Uniforms

                                              40 Years




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         7
                …But We Still Have a Long Road
                Ahead
                        n With advances in technologies come
                          advancements in threats. These all require new
                          developments in protection to safeguard our
                          troops against future harm




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         8
                This is how we’re getting there…

                     n Communication
                         n Internal
                                                       n Understanding
                         n External
                         n Industry                       n Threats
                         n International                  n Industry Capabilities
         n Clear Path Forward                             n Soldier Requirements/Needs
            Months                                       n Aspects of the Mission
            n Short Term
            n Mid Term
            n Far Term




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         9
                                    Material Integration

      FUTURE OPERATIONAL CAPABILITIES

         Lightweight multifunctional materials that integrate:
             Intelligent Textiles serving as the backbone for warfighter
              electronics, optics and sensor suites
             Lightweight ballistic protection
             Improved camouflage/signature management
             Self-deactivating, chemical/biological (CB) protective
              membranes
             Flame protection
             Antimicrobial protection
             Improved environmental protection
             Reduced weight and bulk with improved fit, comfort and
              durability
             Decreased logistical burden through integration for enhanced
              mobility and survivability of the Future Force
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         10
                                        Guidelines

                                          Weight and Bulk

                                            Affordability

                                           Environmental

                                         Aspect of Mission

                                              Logistics

                                      Material Property Integrity




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         11
                                            Possible Future Advancements
                                           Possible Future Advancements toto
                                                   Combat Uniforms
                                                    Combat Uniforms



                                                                     Far
                                                                     Mid Term
                                                                    Short Term


                                                      Anti-Microbial            Multi-Seasonal
                                                                             Chemical Protection
                                                 Patchless Identification      Long-Term Sand
                                                                                    Uniform
                                                  Improved Fasteners
                                                                                   Durability
                                                    Fiber Engineered          Low Near Infrared
                                                                             Radiation Shielding
                                                 Identify Friend or Foe
                                                    Improved Sizing
                                                    Fabrics / Materials        Improved Water
                                                                                  Synthetics
                                                                                    Material
                                                         Options                  Repellency
                                                        RFID Infrared
                                                    Extended Tags
                                                    Passive / Active          Improved Comfort
                                                                            Integrated Electronics
                                                         Protection             Field Repair Kit
                                                    Cooling / Venting
                                                     Flame Retardant
                                                   Functional Computer           Far Spectrum
                                                                            Heating Improvements
                                                     UV Materials
                                                       input devices
                                                          Resistance         signature protection
                                                                              One-Piece Design
                                                       E-Textiles
                                                  Self-Cleaning Fabric      Thermal Responsive
                                                                             Advanced displays
                                                   Insect Repellent           Simplify Design to
                                                      Permethrin            Reduce Snag Hazard
                                                 Blood Clotting Agent in
                                                  Stitchless Seaming           Biodegradable
                                                                            Nomex Wool Blends
                                                        Uniform             Disposable Uniforms




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         12
                                           Possible Future Advancements to
                                                   Combat Uniforms


     Improvements for follow on work
       includes various hook fibers,                 Short Term
    dampening polymers, hook design,
    loop napping techniques, improved
           sewing or attachment      Improved Fasteners
              processes, etc.
       Represents 27% noise level
       reduction.
                     Mesh Knit type Hook and Loop
                     developed with 66dB= Normal
                     conversation in home.




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         13
                                           Possible Future Advancements to
                                                   Combat Uniforms



                                                                                            Short Term
    •The Marine Corps is soliciting to procure all future combat
    uniforms with durable insect repellent treatment. The Army
    is also considering adopting similar insect repellent                           Insect Repellent Permethrin
    protection to their new combat uniform.
                The NSC was the originator of an insect repellent factory
                application method for use on combat uniforms that is
                durable, effective and safe for our troops.
                    Pests in the field are the cause of many debilitating diseases
                    affecting the soldier’s performance or worse causing death
                    i.e. malaria, leishmaniasis, dengue, etc.

                   There are insect repellent treatments that the individual
                   soldier or the units can add to their uniforms to provide a
                   degree of insect protection. (IDAA kit, Spray, etc)
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                           14
                                             Possible Future Advancements to
                                                     Combat Uniforms


                 METHODOLOGIES:                                                            Mid Term
  Different test methodologies will be evaluated to
 determine most effective in predicting actual wear
                    performance.                                                      Anti-Microbial



                                                                             OBJECTIVE:

              UNDER EVALUATION:                      To develop advanced antimicrobial technolo
                                                         to provide the warfighter protection from
                 Pure silver                           unwanted microorganisms that can affect
                 Silver ions                          health, quality of life and combat effectiven
               Silver zeolites                       Effectiveness will be evaluated against micr
                Copper, Tin                           that affect skin infections (gram – and gram
                  Triclosan                                        odor and athletes foot.
                  Chitosan
        Polyhexamethylene biguanide
        Quaternary ammonium silanes
                   Others
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         15
                                             Possible Future Advancements to
                                                     Combat Uniforms


                                                                          Mid Term


                                                        Fiber Engineered
                                                        Fabrics / Materials


                             n    Fiber-Engineered Textiles
                             n    Reduce Production Costs
                             n    Capability-Loaded Material
                             n    Reduced Weight




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         16
                High Performance Fiber
                Center of Excellence
      The goal of NSRDEC’s High
      Performance Fiber COE is to
      collaborate with academic and
      industrial partners to invent and
      transition fiber technology for use in
      woven and non-woven textiles for
      high performance, dual-use
      applications such as
      environmental/ballistic/CB protection
      and electrotextiles. NSRDEC has
      extensive fiber extrusion capabilities
      as well as state-of-the-art analytical
      capabilities such as Instron
      mechanical analysis, thermal
      analysis, transmission and scanning
      electron microscopy, nuclear
      magnetic resonance spectroscopy,
      liquid chromatography/mass
      spectrometry, and x-ray
      diffractometry.
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         17
                 High Performance Fiber COE
                 NSRDEC Fiber Extrusion Capabilities

Research-scale Bi/tri-component
 Fiber Extruder:

     Capacity – 1 to 6 pounds/hour
     ¾ Inch Diameter Single Screw
     Temperature Limit – 350oC
     Three Melt Pumps are
      Thermally Isolated
     Nitrogen Ports for Oxygen
      Sensitive Polymers
     Draw Speed – 500-2500                                                                      Hills, Inc.


      meters/min.


                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                               18
                High Performance Fiber COE
                Potential Collaborative Projects
       NSRDEC is Seeking Partners for:
               Novel Bi/tri-component Fiber Development
                  Optical Fibers
                  Electronic Fibers
                  High Strength Fibers
                  Flame Retardant Fibers
                  Reactive Fibers
                Prototype Woven Textile Production
                   Production of Small Swatches
                   Performance Specification Testing
                Prototype Non-woven Textile Production
                   Small Sample Production
                   Performance Specification Testing
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         19
                                             Possible Future Advancements to
                                                     Combat Uniforms


                                                                        Mid Term


                                                        Extended Infrared
                                                           Protection


                            • Expand NIR capabilities of ACU
                            • Meet and exceed sensor threats
                            • Improve survivability of the
                            Warfighter




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         20
                          Detection Avoidance




                                FFW Down-selected Candidates- Desert All Over   Air Force Next Generation
                                 Brush, FFW, Woodland Track and Urban Track        Camouflage Uniform
                                                 Patterns
FFW Candidate-All Over Brush
         Pattern




                               Face Paint with & with out DEET
                                    & proposed dual stickUNCLASSIFIED             Thermal Appliqués

US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                            21
                                             Possible Future Advancements to
                                                     Combat Uniforms


                                                                           Mid Term


                                                         Flame Retardant
                                                            Materials




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         22
                                             Possible Future Advancements to
                                                     Combat Uniforms

                                                                                           Textile-Based Antennas using
                                                                         Mid Term          Embroidery and Transfer
                             Land Warrior                                                  Etching of Conductive
                                                                                           Materials




                                                            E-Textiles


                                                                        Problem:
                                                           Traditional electro-optical devices,
                                                             cables, and antennas were not
                                                           designed for wearable applications.
                                                           Few technologies exist to integrate
                                                                electronics into textiles.
                                                         Solution: Body conformal networks
                                                            and connectors, visually covert
                                                         antennas, and other textile-integrated
                                                         electronics, will improve mobility and
                                                              communications, increasing
                                                          situational awareness and lethality.
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                                     23
                                                Possible Future Advancements to
                                                        Combat Uniforms


                                                                          Far Term


                                                                                       Multi-Seasonal
                                                      Patchless Identification
                                                                                          Uniform
                                                                                       Just-In-Time
                                                       Identify Friend or Foe
                                                                                       Manufacturing

                                                            RFID Tags                Radiation Shielding
                                                                                          Material
                                                       Functional Computer              Far Spectrum
                                                          input devices              signature protection

                                                       Self-Cleaning Fabric          Advanced displays

                                                      Blood Clotting Agent in       Biodegradable
                                                             Uniform             Disposable Uniforms




                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                            24
                       Next Generation Body Armor Research Focus




    Casualty Reduction                   Advanced Technology                       Human System
     Analysis Model                          Development                          Integrated Design



                                   • New high performance polymers/
                                        fibers/composites
                                   • Nanotechnology
                                   • Advanced ceramics & metals
                                   • Enhanced predictive modeling
                                   • Material systems integration

    Models for armor
    system performance
    from threat definition
    to incapacitation
    effect

                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         25
                                        Chem/Bio Needs

                  n Cooler System (Lightweight, More
                    Breathable Materials, Increased Water
                    Vapor Transport Properties)
                  n Self-Detoxifying Materials
                  n Improve Protection around Areas of
                    Integration
                  n Increased Protection (TIC, TIM, etc.)
                  n Residual Life Indication
                  n Form Fitting Garments (Elasticized
                    Materials)
                  n Fire Resistant Materials
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         26
                 EFFECTS OF TOXIC INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS
                      ON CB PROTECTIVE CLOTHING


      Objective: Determine the effects of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs)
      on the effectiveness of CB protective clothing.

      Background
             o US Forces are likely to encounter environments where they
             are exposed to TICs
             o Protection vs. CW agents is well documented
             o Effects of exposure to TICs on the garment properties and
             the protection afforded by garments has not been determined

      Plan
                 o Establish/verify a list of chemicals most likely to be encountered
                 o Downselect a representative number of chemicals
                 o Determine effects of exposure to TICs on textile properties
                 o Determine effects of exposure to TICs on CW agent protection

                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         27
        Natick
        Soldier
        RD&E Center
        Department of the Army
       Research and Development
        Organization of the Year
       2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005
                                                      Doing Great Things
                                                         for the Soldier
                                                            Everyday
                                                      for Over 50 Years…
                                                 UNCLASSIFIED
US ARMY NATICK SOLDIER RD&E CENTER n The Science Behind the Warfighter : Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
                                                                                                         28

				
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