"Research Skills Module"
First Year Studies Research Skills Module Overview College students are bombarded with information on a daily, even hourly basis. Interpreting and using information in the college setting can be a confusing process. Adding to this confusion is the ambiguity relating to how students learn about the resources that are available. Instructors often assume that their students know how to find and use information for their classes. Students end up frustrated, lost or embarrassed when they realize that they don’t know how to complete an assignment or where to go for help. The First Year Studies (FYS) classes provide an excellent opportunity to equip our students for effective information use in their college and professional life. The goal of the Research Skills Module is to teach students about resources available at the University of Tennessee, about identifying different types of information and about using tools appropriate for finding the information they need. Research Skills Topics: The Research Skills Module includes methods for integrating research skills into a FYS course. This outline focuses on the following topics: • Introduction to the UT Libraries – informs students of the services and resources available through the UT Libraries. • Information: What is it? – teaches students to identify information and differentiate among the types of information resources. • Information: How to find it – teaches students that finding information requires the right tool. Students learn that a library catalog, a library database, and an Internet search engine contain different types of information. Options for Integration: The Research Skills Module can be integrated into your FYS class in three ways: • Online Learning – Assign online tutorials to your students as homework and discuss their answers to the activities in class. Instructors wishing to do so can utilize Blackboard and the Digital Dropbox for the module assignments. The following page can serve as a link to these online learning tools: http://www.lib.utk.edu/instruction/firstyearstudies/ • Instructor-Led Session – The content of the Research Skills Module can be customized to any topic that you are discussing with your class. Each section includes a suggested activity that you can adapt to your class. • Librarian-Led Session – A member of the Instructional Services Program can teach a session for you. Space is very limited; request a session at least two weeks in advance. Use the Instruction Session Request Form located at: http://www.lib.utk.edu/instruction/ Instructional Services Consultation Service: If you would like assistance with any part of adapting or integrating the Research Skills Module for your class the UT Libraries’ Instructional Services Consultation Service is here to help. Contact Kristen Bullard, Assistant Professor and Instructional Services Coordinator, at email@example.com First Year Studies, Research Skills Module Section I - Introduction to the UT Libraries Objective: To inform students of the services and resources available through the UT Libraries. Learning Outcome: Students will be able to identify several of the services and resources available through the UT Libraries. Summary: The services offered by the Libraries are expressed in three content areas: Hodges Library services, branch library services, and online services. The suggested activity invites students to think about ways they can use these services and resources. Options for Integration Online Learning: The Introduction to the UT Libraries tutorial found on the First Year Studies course guide (http://www.lib.utk.edu/instruction/firstyearstudies) covers all three content areas for this module. A crossword puzzle at the end of the tutorial summarizes the content and can be used in a class discussion. Instructor-Led Session: Instructors can integrate the Introduction to the UT Libraries tutorial into their class or bring their students on a quick tour of Hodges, the branches, and the Libraries web resources. Module Content Hodges Library Service Points - The following outline names the areas and floors where specific services are found throughout Hodges Library. You can take your students on a tour of Hodges Library or ask them to complete the self-guided walking tour located on the FYS course guide (http://www.lib.utk.edu/instruction/firstyearstudies/). Important points: First Floor: Reference Services • Receive research help • Use computers with Internet access and common software such as the Microsoft Office suite • Use encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference materials Periodicals, Documents and Microforms • Access current periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers), government documents (Congressional records), and materials on microfilm Second Floor: The Commons • Borrow laptops, scanners, floppy drives and other equipment • Receive research and computer help • Practice presentations in the Presentation Practice Room • Use computers with Internet access, fully-loaded with a wide variety of software • Configure your laptop for the UT wireless network Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 2 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 The Media Center & The Studio • Use PCs and Macs with advanced media software • Receive assistance and instruction in software programs • Check out media equipment such as digital and video cameras after completion of short instructional classes Circulation • Check out or renew books (You can also renew them online through the "My Account" link in the UT Libraries catalog) • Retrieve items from Interlibrary Services and Course Reserves • Pay fines and check library account status Third – Sixth Floors: Often referred to as "the stacks", floors three through six contain the majority of the UT Libraries' books. Quiet and group study areas are also available on these floors. Items can be located by the first letter(s) of the call number: • 3rd Floor - A-GC, Z and Children's and Young Adult Literature • 4th Floor - GD-PR • 5th Floor - PS-S • 6th Floor - T-V, Theses and Dissertations Branch Libraries - The University Libraries Video Tour (http://www.lib.utk.edu/refs/video/) is a great way to learn more about the UT branch libraries. • Devine Music Library (http://www.lib.utk.edu/music) - located in the music building, houses UT music and music literature collections including a growing collection of music scores, sound and video recordings • Special Collections Library (http://www.lib.utk.edu/spcoll) - located in the Hoskins Library, contains the University Archives, old and rare literary material, and manuscript collections from famous politicians and historians • Map Library (http://www.lib.utk.edu/cic) - located in the Hoskins Library, provides specialized maps and cartographic material, as well as specialized services such as GPS loans and place name searches • Pendergrass Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Library (http://www.lib.utk.edu/agvet/) - located on the agriculture campus, houses agriculture and veterinary medicine materials • Social Work Library (http://www.lib.utk.edu/swn) - located in Nashville, provides up- to-date resources for the social work community and maintains up-to-date resources on gender, diversity, economic, and cross-cultural issues Online Services - The UT Libraries home page (http://www.lib.utk.edu/) connects users to information and services at the Hodges Library. The following online services are most frequently used by UT Students: • UT Libraries Catalog (http://www.lib.utk.edu/catalog/) allows users to search the Libraries' collection of books, videos and other materials. It can also be used to access course reserves and to determine if the library subscribes to a particular journal. Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 3 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 • Databases (http://www.lib.utk.edu/databases/) serve as excellent resources for researching topics of interest. They cover a wide range of disciplines and many contain links to full-text journal, magazine and newspaper articles. • Subject Guides (http://www.lib.utk.edu/refs/index.html) provide users with in-depth information for various disciplines and can be used in conjunction with specific classes. • AskUsNow! (http://www.lib.utk.edu/refs/askusnow/) serves as the gateway to research assistance at the UT Libraries. Students can email, chat, instant message, or phone their questions to the Reference desk. • Interlibrary Loan (https://www.lib.utk.edu/ils/) provides users with resources that are not held in the UT Libraries system, allowing researchers to conduct more in-depth research. Suggested Instructor-Led Activity: Real Life Scenarios present problems to be solved through an understanding of the services provided in Hodges Library. The activity can be performed as a cooperative (group) exercise or individually. Each scenario references a specific service described in the content areas. Scenario 1: Locating Assistance You have an assignment to write an obituary of a famous person with Tennessee connections. Without much luck, you have searched Google for clues. The instructor for the course states that you can only use books found in the library. During your brief time in the library you never saw any books, only Starbucks. You don’t know how to begin. Explain library services and resources that you can use to help solve this dilemma…Where do you go? Who do you ask? Scenario 2: Using Technology You have filmed a relative’s wedding and would like to edit and make copies of it as a gift to the couple and family members. Explain library services and resources that you can use to help solve this dilemma…Where do you go? Who do you ask? Scenario 3: Using Technology It is finals week. You waited until the last minute to finish your paper for English 102. You don’t have a computer and all of the labs are full. You need Microsoft Word in order to type and save your paper. Explain library services and resources that you can use to help solve this dilemma…Where do you go? Who do you ask? Scenario 4: Access/Delivery The bookstore sold out of your Math text and your assignment is due in two days. The professor said that because the library does not have most textbooks, he has placed a copy of the book on Reserve. You need to photocopy the assignment. Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 4 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 Where would this book be located in the library? What other services can you find there? How would you make the necessary copies? Tutorial Activity Answer Key: Crossword Puzzle 1. Check out or renew books here. CIRCULATION 2. Laptop check out. COMMONS 3. Used to search for books. (Hint: two words) LIBRARY CATALOG 4. Research help! (Hint: three words) ASKUSNOW 5. View movies in this place. (Hint: two words) MEDIA CENTER 6. Find articles. DATABASES 7. Coffee break. STARBUCKS 8. Borrow digital cameras. STUDIO 9. Encyclopedias and dictionaries found in this location. REFERENCE 10. Stacks floor for call number: PS3612 .A543 H68 2005. FIFTH Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 5 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 First Year Studies, Research Skills Module Section II - Information: What is it? Objective: To help students define information and become familiar with its various formats Learning Outcome: Students will be able to define information and identify types of information sources. Summary: Defining and understanding the types of information is an important step in being able to find information. The suggested activities encourage students to name types of information and determine the order in which different types of information is created. Options for Integration Online Learning: The Information: What is it? tutorial found on the First Year Studies course guide (http://www.lib.utk.edu/instruction/firstyearstudies) covers the content areas for this module. The information needs quiz at the end of the tutorial summarizes the content and can be used in a class discussion. Instructor-Led Session: The module content can easily be taught through the instructor-led activity. Begin the lesson by discussing what constitutes information and then segue into a discussion of how information is created as a result of an event. Instead of talking about each type of information and when it is created, place each clue on an index card and challenge groups of students to put them in the order they were published. Module Content: Defining Information What is information? • A message received and understood • Data: a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn • Statistical data • Knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction The Information Cycle The following outline illustrates the typical cycle of information and how it manifests itself into accessible formats. After an event happens… • Within 24 hours…Information is available through news wire reports, Internet, radio, and television reports. First attempts are made to identify who, what, when, and where. Not as much information is available on why or how. • A day or two later…Newspaper articles include facts, statistics, photographs, analysis, or editorial opinion. • A week or two later…Magazine articles emphasize reporting facts. They do not usually contain a bibliography. Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 6 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 • A month to six months later…Scholarly and academic journal articles appear. These research articles, usually theoretical in nature, are written by scholars in the field. They employ professional jargon and frequently include a bibliography. • A year or more later… Books about the subject for audiences ranging from the general public to scholars are written by specialists or scholars. • Two to ten years later… Reference books such as encyclopedias, handbooks, dictionaries include information about the event. Usually, the information presents a factual summary intended for scholars and the general public. Suggested Instructor-Led Activity: Ordering Exercise Ask students to place the following publications in the order they appeared after the event. Suggested answers are in parenthesis; however a lively discussion is likely to occur. A helpful hint for students, especially if a computer is available, is that all of these are verifiable sources. Event: the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on New York City • CNN.com has up to date stories and pictures online. (2) • Entries on “terrorism” and “New York City” in Encyclopædia Britannica mention the September 11th attacks. (8) • ABC interrupts its normal schedule to broadcast news about the attacks. (3) • The Post-Standard of Buffalo, NY publishes a special edition of the paper focusing on the terrorist attacks. (4) • [r]ion.nu writes an entry about the September 11th terrorist attacks called “firsthand account” on her blog. (1) • The Public Historian publishes an article called “September 11 and the Mourning After: Reflections on Collecting and Interpreting the History of Tragedy” by James B. Gardener and Sarah M. Henry. (6) • Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed writes the book The War on Freedom: How and Why America was Attacked, September 11th, 2001. (7) • Time magazine devotes its cover and a significant portion of its magazine to stories about the terrorist attacks. (5) Tutorial Activity Answer Key: Information Needs Quiz Select the best information sources for these information needs and explain why you believe they are the best. • What are the major causes of World War II? Book • What are some of the implications of cell cloning? Reference book Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 7 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 • What time does the movie start? Newspaper • Discuss the life and work of 20th century photographer Ansel Adams. Book • What is the quickest way to get to Gatlinburg from Knoxville? Internet • Discuss the current controversy surrounding nuclear weapons in Iran. Magazine • Who was the 28th President or the United States? Reference book • Where is Timbuktu? Internet • When was the University of Tennessee founded? Reference book • Do animals have feelings? Journal Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 8 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 First Year Studies, Research Skills Module Section III - Information: How to find it Objective: To acquaint students with the tools used to find information in its various formats Learning Outcome: Students will be able to conduct a basic search: in a library catalog, in a database, and in an Internet search engine. Summary: A brief summary of information formats is provided with an exercise involving a comparative search: in the catalog, in a database, and on the web. Students should be able to identify the types of information found in each search and explain how they differ. Options for Integration Online Learning: The Information: How to find it tutorial found on the First Year Studies course guide (http://www.lib.utk.edu/instruction/firstyearstudies) covers the content areas for this module. The real-life scenario activity at the end of the tutorial summarizes the content and can be used in a class discussion. Instructor-Led Session: This section is intended to help students make a connection between the types of information sources and the tools used to find them. Demonstrating the same exact search in all three tools and discussing the results is an effective way to teach this section. You can either test a few searches before class or ask the students to suggest the search terms. Module Content: Tools for Finding Information The content of this module is not to show students all of the functionality of the catalog and databases. The goal is to help them be able to identify the correct tool to use for different formats of information. Make sure the search terms are simple enough to return a variety of results in all three tools. Library Catalog – Use to find books, videos, CDs, scores, magazine titles, microfilm, etc…that are found within the Libraries’ collections. • Begin at the UT Libraries homepage: www.lib.utk.edu • Click on UT Library Catalog • Conduct a keyword search and review your results Databases - Use to find magazine, journal, or newspaper articles. Some databases provide the actual article (full-text) and some give citations only. • Begin at the UT Libraries homepage: www.lib.utk.edu • Click on Databases • There are many databases focusing on many different disciplines. For this exercise, choose General Topics • Click on Academic Search Premier, a good general database covering many disciplines • Conduct a search and review your results Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 9 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 Internet Search Engines - Use to find widely-available web-based information or news about current events. • Begin at www.google.com or your favorite Internet search engine • Conduct a search and review your results Suggested Instructor-Led Activity: Comparative Search Ask students to choose a topic of interest or to use a topic from something that you are doing in class. Students should search for the topic in the catalog, database, and Internet (making sure to use the same wording). Choose the top three hits in each search. Compare and contrast the results. • Catalog –Go to the UT Library Catalog from the Libraries’ home page. Enter the search terms in the box. • Database – Go to Academic Search Premier by selecting Databases from the home page and then selecting General Topics. Academic Search Premier is the first database listed. Enter the search terms in the boxes. • Internet – Go to www.google.com or your favorite Internet search engine to search for the same terms. For each search consider the following questions: What types of materials did you find? Are these materials fully-accessible online? Can you tell who authored the material? Can you tell when the item was published? How in-depth is the material? Tutorial Activity Answer Key: This activity is very similar to the activity above; however it gives the students a format for recording their answers. Answers will vary. Real-life Scenario A speech in your Communication Studies 210 class requires you to find and cite an article, a book, and a website on your topic. You decided to do your speech on the potential dangers of cell phone usage. Use the space provided to explain how you found each resource and to record the citation information for each one. Book: What tool did you use to find your book? Record the citation information about the book that you chose: Book title: Author(s): Publisher and date published: Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 10 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006 Location information (call number, which library, where in the library): Article: What tool did you use to find your article? Record the citation information about the article that you chose: Article title: Author(s): Journal title (or publication): Volume and issue: Date of publication: What does full text mean? What do you do if an article isn’t available in full text? Webpage: What tool did you use to find your website? Record the citation information about the website that you chose: Author(s): Date of publication: Title of the page: Date retrieved (month, date, year): Web address (or URL): Comparison: For each tool used describe the types of information sources that can be found using that tool. Hint: think about the Information: What is it? activities. Reference and Instructional Services, University Libraries, University of Tennessee Page 11 of 11 Updated: September 5, 2006