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Utility_Vehicles_-_National_AgrAbility_Final_Accessible

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					       AgrAbility:
     Utility Vehicles
                 John Hancock, MS
       Project Director – Kentucky AgrAbility
        Barney Fleming, PhD, ATP
 Rehabilitation Engineer – Kentucky AgrAbility
              Jeff Richie, MA, CRC
Rehabilitation Technologist - Kentucky Office of
            Vocational Rehabilitation
Kathy Sheppard-Jones, PhD, CRC
   Training Coordinator - Kentucky AgrAbility


Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
                            AgrAbility
Promoting Success in Agriculture for People with
        Disabilities and Their Families

                     Utility Vehicles
     This course will provide an
introduction to the use and selection
        of utility vehicles to
          enhance mobility


    Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                           University of Kentucky
        AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
Utility Vehicle - a motor
   vehicle that is
•   designed for off road use
•   powered by an engine of no
    more than 25 horsepower,
    and
•   used for general agricultural,
    horticultural, maintenance,
    or security purposes

    “Cross” between a golf cart and an ATV

         Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                                University of Kentucky
                              AgrAbility
Utility Vehicle Features / Accessories
• with or without cab
• 2 or 4-wheel-drive
• recreation or work
• attachments
• transmission
• seat height and location - access
• hand controls, steering aids
• specialized or custom seating
• safety - operator age, roll bar, seat belt, muffler location
  (burns), lights, mirrors
• funding and vendors - same as tractors and combines

       Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                              University of Kentucky
                          AgrAbility
          All-Terrain Vehicles - ATVs
           • hand controls, steering aids
         • specialized or custom seating
• safety - operator age, roll bar, seat belt, muffler
                  location (burns)




                                   Thumb assist


    Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                           University of Kentucky
                         AgrAbility
               Ventrac
Limited terrain – low frame clearance




  Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                         University of Kentucky
            AgrAbility
Golf Cars
  Advantages
  • inexpensive alternative vehicle for
    transportation
  • adapted for hand controls
  • some have 4-wheel drive
  • powered by electric or gas (phase out)
  • easy access
  • easy maintenance
  • some have long range
  • E-Z Go is 4WD with Honda motor


        Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                               University of Kentucky
                       AgrAbility

Golf Cars - Continued
Disadvantages
• not much good for work applications
• limited operation on rough terrain - not good
  on rough terrain
• choke placement
• shifter placement
• don’t tow with a golf car!!!!



   Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                          University of Kentucky
  AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
• The utility vehicle market is growing rapidly
    • At least 18 companies manufacture and
      market utility vehicles (next slides)
• For existing manufacturers, they are
  continually honing their models to meet
  customers' needs.
• Each utility vehicle offers a variety of features
  to suit specific requirements.
• Questions: What will the vehicle be used for?
  Are attachments important? Safety – ROPS
  and seat belts? Accessibility and usability?
  Ease of adapting? Etc…
     Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                            University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles

 Bobcat - Toolcat


                             Sarasota 1000 - Bombardier


 Trail Hand - Bush Hog


                                  XRT 1200SE - Club Car

 Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                        University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles

Big Country - Cub Cadet


                                   E-Z-Go Trail UV - Textron


Gator - John Deere


                                   Mule - Kawasaki

 Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                        University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles

            Hauler - Kimball


                           Raptor - Koyker


                RTV900 - Kubota


                              Treker - Land Pride


 Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                        University of Kentucky
     AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles

                   Ranger – Polaris


                                            Back Forty - Pug


Turf Grounds Cruiser - Snapper


                                             Q.U.V. 620 - Suzuki

        Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                               University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles


 Twister 1600 - Toro



                                     Rhino 4x4 -Yamaha




 Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                        University of Kentucky
         AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                              Hand Controls
John Deere Gator adapted
with a hand control for a
C5-6 SCI - Sure Grip
operating handle is in the
vertical position




      Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                             University of Kentucky
   AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                        Hand Controls

 Can use standard manufactured
 hand controls (MPS) on Kawasaki
 Mule and Kubota RTV900 – demo on
 video and later slides




Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
   AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                        Hand Controls

                              Georgia Tech Senior Engineering
                               Design Project - 2004
                              Design for John Deere Gator
                               comprised of three main
                               subsections:
                                 1. Brake handle - provides the
                                   user with mechanical advantage
                                   with which to operate brake
                                 2. Brake clamp - stabilizes brake
                                   handle
                                 3. Gas clamp - activates gas
                                   through tension on cable

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
   AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                            Seat Lifts




           Seat lifts on Kawasaki Mules

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
     AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
            Wheelchair Lifts and Storage




Bruno Outrider                         Stow Wheelchair in Bed
Wheelchair Hoist                          or on driver side


  Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                         University of Kentucky
   AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
          Wheelchair Lifts and Storage


                                             Univ of Massachusetts
                                             Senior Engineering
                                             Design Project - 2004
                                             - wheelchair lift and
                                             storage device for the
                                             John Deere Gator




Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
            AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                                Adapting Seats


                                                     Swivel Seat in Gator
                                                     facilitates transfer
                                                     from wheelchair
                                                     into vehicle


Nascar-style
restraint harness in
Mule
www.simpsonraceproducts
.com/

         Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                                University of Kentucky
           AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                             Specialized Uses




Steep sloping
 terrain and
  consumer
 with limited                                                  Hoist attached to
  mobility –                                                    bed of Mule for
working from                                                   hauling bee hives
   vehicle
        Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                               University of Kentucky
            AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
               Specialized Uses – A Small Aside

Skid Steer Loaders
• Some users can transfer onto
  the scoop and into the cab
• Scoop can be removed easily
  (quick attach bucket)
• Operator can select foot or
  hand control
• Allows for different operators
  to use the same vehicle
• JCB – side entry loader enables
  transfer over tires
       Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                              University of Kentucky
          AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles

Matthew
Kawasaki Mule 610




     Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                            University of Kentucky
           AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
Matthew – Continued
Hand Controls




      Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                             University of Kentucky
          AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles

Roger
Kawasaki Mule




     Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                            University of Kentucky
      AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
           Safety Issues
• Lights
   – should have front, rear and running lights
   – usually not sufficient when operating in dark conditions;
     consider add-ons – best to locate on roll bar
   – consider amp and alternator capacity and battery when
     operating at idle speeds – consider 2nd battery
• Mirrors – critical for safe operation – add-ons for
  rear view and side view
• Grab bar – cross piece typically found on
  passenger side will make a big difference if
  installed on driver side


       Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                              University of Kentucky
       AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
    Utility Vehicle (UV) Product Comparison Data
                      Gathering Tool
•   Data needed to properly select vehicle
•   http://www.agrabilityproject.org/assistivetech/comparison/
    utilityvehicles/index.cfm (data posted on 10 vehicles)
•   10 categories of features/specifications pertaining to the
    UV
•   Quantitative measurements
     • Human Factors (reach/work envelope, operating
          forces)
     • Accessibility (e.g. ease of transfer)
•   Descriptive information
     • Accessibility (obstacles to enter/exit, transfer, etc)
         Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                                University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
             Product Comparison Data

                                      Seating
                                      Height to ground
                                      Seat depth
                                      Back Height
                                      Seat-back angle
                                      Adjustable
                                      Knee clearance
                                      Cushion or custom
                                      Removable - drive from WC?
                                      Arm rests
                                      Hip restraint rails – transfers
                                      Seat belt/shoulder harness
                                      Head rest

Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
        AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                      Product Comparison Data
                                            Steering
                                            Telescope / Tilt
                                            Availability of alternative wheel
                                            Minimum turning radius
                                            Steering torque (in-lbs)
                                            Power steering
Controls
Ignition switch - location, direction of turning, relocatable
Can key be turned on from outside vehicle?
Shift lever – location, force required and distance
Parking brake – type (lever arm, thumb button),
   force required, relocatable
Rear view mirrors
         Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                                University of Kentucky
       AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                     Product Comparison Data
                                     Gauges / Electrical
                                     Available gauges: fuel, oil pressure,
                                      temp, voltage
                                     Accessible/viewable from operator
                                      position
                                     Capacity of alternator and battery
                                     Lights – head, rear, rear brake, turn
Maintenance                           signals
Schedule                            12 volt electrical plugs
Routine maintenance                 Cooling fan engage at idle/low
 performed from                       speed
 seated position?


        Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                               University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
             Product Comparison Data

                                   Floor area for operator
                                   Interference with entrance
                                    or exit - foot plates,
                                    restraints or side panel
                                   Describe area around
                                    where the feet rest
                                   Measure free floor space
                                   If hand controls were
                                    attached to floor pedals –
                                    effect on leg area



Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
             Product Comparison Data

                               Dump/Cargo Bed and Hitch
                               Dump bed height/range of height
                               Powered-dump, manual dump,
                                and/or have a locking mechanism
                               If chair lift is added, how much of
                                the dump bed is removed
                               Height of the hitch
                               Type of hitch offered as standard
                                equipment




Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
             Product Comparison Data

                                 Tires/Clearance/Suspension
                                  Standard size tire
                                  Largest and smallest sized
                                   tires offered
                                  Smallest and largest
                                   diameters and tread widths
                                  Tread designs
                                  “True” ground clearance
                                  Type of suspension system
                                   and is it rider or “load
                                   capacity” adjustable


Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky
          AgrAbility - Utility Vehicles
                       Product Comparison Data
                                                ROPS (Roll Over Protective
                                                 Structure) / Cab
                                                Is a ROPS offered?
                                                Is ROPS certified, and for how
                                                 much weight?
                                                Offer a cab or other
                                                 environmentally protective
                                                 structure?
Others
                                                Cab - heat and/or air
Powered by gas, electric,
                                                 conditioning
 diesel
How many dealerships (or
 places to get parts/service)?

          Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                                 University of Kentucky
                     A Few Resources
• National AgrAbility Resource Documents on Utility
  Vehicles - http://www.agrabilityproject.org/assistivetech/
• Northern Tool & Equipment – add on accessories
  http://www.northerntool.com/
       800-221-0516 request “Master Catalog”
• Mobility Products and Design – hand controls for non-
  titled vehicles -
       http://www.mobilityproductsdesign.com/
• Triple Crown Golf Cars - custom hand controls for golf
  cars - http://www.triplecrowngolfcars.com/

         Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                                University of Kentucky
                             Contact Us

                 Kentucky AgrAbility
                        800-333-2814
                  ces.ca.uky.edu/agrability

• John Hancock 859-257-1845 - jhancock@uky.edu
• Jeff Ritchie 606-783-1527 - jeffreym.ritchie@ky.gov
• Barney Fleming 859-257-7225 - bflemin@uky.edu
• Kathy Sheppard-Jones 859-257-8104 - kjone@uky.edu


        Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                               University of Kentucky
Thanks for Your Attention!




Kentucky AgrAbility and Interdisciplinary Human Development Institute
                       University of Kentucky

				
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