STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR - PDF

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					  STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE
                FOR
  SURFACE CLEARANCE OPERATIONS
               SOP-01


               FINAL




REMEDIAL ACTION AT OPERABLE UNIT B-1
    AOCs MM-10F, MM-10G, MM-10H



     FORMER NAVAL AIR FACILITY

           ADAK, ALASKA




        EOD TECHNOLOGY, INC




            MAY 31, 2008
SUPERVISOR’S STATEMENT

I have read and understand this SOP. To the best of my knowledge, the investigation described
in this SOP can be done in a safe, healthful, and environmentally sound manner. I have made
sure that all persons assigned to this process are qualified, have read and understand the
requirements of this SOP, and have signed the worker’s statement for this purpose. I will ensure
the SOP contains current procedures. If a change to the SOP is necessary, I will ensure that the
process is stopped until the SOP is revised and approved. Changes will require the submission of
a Field Change Request (FCR) or Design Change Notice (DCN) by the EODT project team and
receipt of Naval RPM approval prior to implementation. If unexpected safety, health, or
environmental hazards are found, I will make sure the process is stopped until the hazards have
been eliminated.




Ron Drain                                                  Date
Senior UXO Supervisor



WORKER’S STATEMENT

I have read this SOP and I have received adequate training to perform the procedures addressed
in the SOP. If I identify a hazard not addressed in the SOP, or encounter an operation I cannot
perform in accordance with the SOP, I will stop the process and notify my immediate supervisor.

        Worker’s Name                 Date             Supervisor’s Name                Date
Worker’s Name   Date   Supervisor’s Name   Date
                                                                               Procedure No.       SOP-01
                                                                               Description: Surface Clearance Operations
                                                                               Revision No.          Final
                                                                               Date:         May 31, 2008
                                                                               Page           i        of      ii


                                               TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0   PURPOSE ...............................................................................................................................1
2.0   SCOPE ....................................................................................................................................1
3.0   FUNDAMENTALS................................................................................................................2
      3.1 MINIMUM REQUREMENTS .......................................................................................2
      3.2 COORDINATION ..........................................................................................................2
      3.3 NOTIFICATIONS...........................................................................................................3
      3.4 EXCLUSION ZONES, EVACUATIONS AND ROAD CLOSURES...........................3
      3.5 PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................................5
      3.6 EQUIPMENT/MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................6
             3.6.1 Location/Navigation Equipment...........................................................................6
             3.6.2 Functionality Testing ............................................................................................6
             3.6.3 Required Documents.............................................................................................6
      3.7 COMMUNICATIONS ....................................................................................................7
      3.8 RANGE VEHICLES .......................................................................................................8
      3.9 WEATHER AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS.....................................8
      3.10 EMERGENCY MEDICAL SUPPORT ..........................................................................8
      3.11 FIRE SUPPORT..............................................................................................................9
      3.12 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT...................................................................9
      3.13 CLEARANCE TEAM COMPOSITION ......................................................................10
      3.14 CLEARANCE BOUNDARIES AND SURVEY LANES............................................10
      3.15 MUNITIONS WITH UNKNOWN FILLERS ..............................................................12
      3.16 ANOMALIES OTHER THAN MPPEH.......................................................................12
      3.17 DISPOSITION, HANDLING, TRANSPORTATION, AND STORAGE....................13
      3.18 CLEARING MC SAMPLING LOCATIONS...............................................................13
4.0   REFERENCES .....................................................................................................................13
                                       Procedure No.       SOP-01
                                       Description: Surface Clearance Operations
                                       Revision No.          Final
                                       Date:         May 31, 2008
                                       Page           ii       of      ii


                      TABLE OF CONTENTS

ATTACHMENT 1   MEC DAILY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST

ATTACHMENT 2   MEC EQUIPMENT CHECKLIST

ATTACHMENT 3   SURFACE CLEARANCE GRID MAP

ATTACHMENT 4   MEC AND MPPEH ACCOUNTABILITY INVENTORY

ATTACHMENT 5   THREE PHASE CHECKLIST
                                                        Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                        Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                        Revision No.               Final
                                                        Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                        Page          1         of        14



1.0    PURPOSE

The purpose of this standard operating procedure (SOP) is to provide procedures for surface
clearance of munitions and explosives of concern (MEC), materials potentially presenting an
explosive hazard (MPPEH) and metallic non-munitions debris in selected work areas during the
Remedial Action (RA) that will be conducted at Operable Unit B-1 (OU B-1) at the former
Naval Air Facility, Adak, Alaska. These procedures will be conducted in accordance with the
RA Project Plans, the Accident Prevention Plan/Site Safety and Health Plan (APP/SSHP) and the
Explosives Safety Submission. These procedures are general in nature and may be refined with
the concurrence of the Senior Unexploded Ordnance Supervisor (SUXOS) to adapt to specific
site conditions and circumstances.


2.0    SCOPE

The procedures described in this SOP are intended to provide a safe environment for personnel
performing geophysical mapping, and to remove MEC or MPPEH and surface metallic non-
munitions debris that may be present in the mapping area. (It should be noted that the “surface”
for Adak OU B-1 Record of Decision (ROD) is specifically defined as the interface between
vegetation and the mineral soil, that is, the munitions clearance will extend to 4 feet below the
surface of the mineral layer. This interface is sometimes located several inches below the
walking surface due to the thickness of tundra vegetation growing in selected areas of Adak. It
is the walking surface that will be cleared under this SOP.)

All munitions/ordnance-related items are considered to be MPPEH until they are subjected to
dual certification/verification inspections. If the item is determined to contain high explosives
(HE), it is re-categorized as a MEC item that is either unexploded ordnance (UXO), discarded
military munitions (DMM) or explosive munitions constituents (MC). If the item is found not to
be MEC, it is categorized as MPPEH 1X, 3X, or 5X (depending on the presence of explosive and
the ability to fully examine all surfaces of the object), range related debris, or non-munitions
debris. The internal cavities of munitions items must be visible in order to verify the absence of
explosive constituents in the munition and to prevent an explosive or mechanical event in a
thermal flashing unit. This may be achieved by the use of an explosive perforator (on items
categorized as 3X). A thermal flashing unit is utilized to process MPPEH (5X) items to ensure
decontamination for unrestricted release to the public following demilitarization (see SOP-06 for
additional details on classification of MPPEH and operation of the thermal flashing unit).
                                                         Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                         Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                         Revision No.               Final
                                                         Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                         Page          2         of        14


UXO team members performing the clearance may need to push aside vegetation in order to
inspect detected items, but will not perform intrusive operations.

The requirements of procedure are applicable to all EOD Technology, Inc. (EODT) employees
conducting a surface clearance.


3.0       FUNDAMENTALS

This section deals with the administrative, training, and logistical aspects of conducting surface
clearance.

3.1       MINIMUM REQUREMENTS
UXO technicians performing clearance activities will follow the requirements listed in this
procedure, but may request a variance if these procedures are perceived to conflict with
corporate “Operating Philosophies,” are unsafe, or are not compatible with contract or site-
specific requirements. Revision will require the submission of a Field Change Request (FCR) or
Design Change Notice (DCN) by the EODT project team and receipt of Naval Remedial Project
Manager (RPM) approval prior to implementation. All employees are encouraged to submit
comments and/or recommendations to improve this procedure.

All personnel engaged in surface clearance operations must be thoroughly trained in explosive
safety, be capable of recognizing hazardous situations, and be capable of taking prompt
corrective action. Surface clearance operations will not be conducted without client
authorization, approved plans/SOPs, qualified and trained UXO personnel, and proper search
and safety equipment.

The minimum training and qualification standards are summarized in Worksheets #7 and #8 of
the MEC Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP).

3.2       COORDINATION
A coordination meeting will be conducted to establish roles and responsibilities before clearance
operations begin. EODT will coordinate a meeting between the City of Adak Officials and its
stakeholders upon initial mobilization to the island. The date of the meeting will be dependent
on the notice-to-proceed, which is not approved at the time of the document preparation. The
meeting will address specific elements of planning and organizational responsibilities and will
include, but not be limited to, the following topics:

      •   Team make-up and assignments
                                                            Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                            Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                            Revision No.               Final
                                                            Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                            Page          3         of        14


      •   Equipment functionality tests
      •   Surface clearance procedures
      •   Required support services, fire, medical, security, etc.
      •   Emergency procedures
      •   Notification process
      •   Maintenance of exclusion zones
      •   Community impact


Public Meeting

A public meeting will be announced and held with the Adak community prior to commencing
clearance operations. A company representative will conduct a briefing outlining the scheduled
operation. Topics will include:

      •   Daily hours of operation
      •   Requirements for evacuations and road closures
      •   Exclusion zones (EZs)
      •   Community impact

3.3       NOTIFICATIONS
The SUXOS will ensure that the agencies responsible for emergency response are notified as far
in advance as possible that clearance activities will be taking place. The notifications should
address scheduling, evacuations, road closures, EZs, and any other required support. As a
minimum, the following agencies should be notified and be prepared to respond, as applicable:

      •   Medical (Emergency Medical Technician or Nurse Practitioner, as applicable)
      •   Fire Department
      •   Security/Police Department

3.4       EXCLUSION ZONES, EVACUATIONS AND ROAD CLOSURES
The Explosive Safety Quantity-Distance (ESQD) arc for the munition with the greatest fragment
distance (MGFD) will be used to calculate the EZ for clearance operations. The MGFD will
vary by area of concern (AOC), and contingency MGFDs for each AOC have been established if
a munition with a greater hazardous fragment distance (HFD) is encountered that is larger than
                                                           Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                           Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                           Revision No.               Final
                                                           Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                           Page          4         of        14


the MGFD in effect. All required EZ information is found in the Explosive Safety Submission
(ESS)/Site Approval Request (SAR).

As discussed in the ESS/SAR, the SUXOS will establish an initial HFD EZ at sites where the
presence of MEC has been confirmed at the start of each day’s activities. This EZ correlates to
the unintentional detonation of the 90mm, M71, HE projectile. During intentional detonation
(demolition operations) the EZ will be expanded to the maximum fragmentation range (MFR)
(1955 feet) for the same item. If items are found to be larger than this MGFD, the distances will
be adjusted to the contingency MGFD (155 mm, M107, HE).

None of the AOC where clearances will occur is encumbered by inhabited buildings or public
traffic routes, so establishing the EZ for the planned clearance will consist primarily of
barricading any access roads to the site and ensuring that all non-essential personnel are outside
the EZ.


3.4.1   Visitors
Under certain conditions and on a case-by-case basis, authorized visitors may be granted access
to the EZ when operations are being conducted – provided that the following requirements are
fulfilled:

   •    Access is limited to essential personnel and authorized personnel.
   •    The UXO Safety Officer (UXOSO) has completed an operational risk assessment at the
        beginning of the project, which determined the maximum number of personnel (essential
        personnel and visitors) that can be in the EZ at one time.
   •    Persons requesting access to the EZ must demonstrate a legitimate need for access and
        obtain authorization from the Project Manager and UXOSO and must submit their access
        request prior to the site visit.
   •    Prior to entry, visitors must receive a site-specific briefing describing the specific hazards
        and safety procedures to follow and must acknowledge the receipt of the briefing in
        writing.
   •    Authorized visitors must be escorted by UXO-qualified personnel at all times while in
        the EZ.

Any authorized visitor who violates established safety procedures will be immediately escorted
out of the EZ for the visitor’s own protection and to protect essential personnel in the EZ.
                                                           Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                           Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                           Revision No.               Final
                                                           Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                           Page          5         of        14


3.4.2     Team Separation Distances
The Team Separation Distances (TSD) between UXO teams for the project will be a minimum of
the K40 blast overpressure value (indicative of a blast over-pressure of 1.2 psi) of a M71 90mm
HE projectile or 53 feet. The SUXOS will recalculate the TSD should an item with a greater
HFD be discovered in a particular area and adjust the TSD as necessary.

3.5       PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
Surface Clearance operations require specific organizational roles and personnel assignments,
specifically:

      •   A SUXOS responsible for planning, directing, and executing clearance operations. The
          SUXOS will ensure a MEC Daily Activities Checklist is generated and will fill out the
          SUXOS checklist at the top of the form. (Attachment 1 to this SOP, Daily Activities
          Checklist)
      •   A UXOSO/Quality Control (QC) to ensure that all work is performed safely and in
          accordance with the approved site-specific plans. On sites with more than 15 personnel,
          a separate UXOSO and QC person will be required.
      •   A minimum of three UXO Technicians per team will be used to conduct clearance
          operations.
      •   One UXO Technician III will be designated as the Team Leader (TL).
      •   Two UXO Technicians (level I, II or III) will assist the TL.
      •   The safety observer (TL) will be located in the safe area and will maintain visual contact
          with the team down range. He/she will maintain communications with the team, the
          SUXOS and EODT site office. For small projects (one team), the SUXOS may fill the
          position of the third UXO Technician, or TL.


Two-Person Rule

The Two-Person Rule is a safety concept that requires two knowledgeable individuals to perform
potentially hazardous operations. These individuals must be trained and be capable of
recognizing safety hazards and improper procedures.

The Two-Person Rule will apply whenever explosives are handled or transported during disposal
operations. No one will handle or assemble explosives alone.
                                                         Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                         Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                         Revision No.               Final
                                                         Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                         Page          6         of        14


3.6       EQUIPMENT/MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
The TL will be responsible for ensuring that all required equipment and materials are available.
The checklists in the attachments to this procedure are examples and should be modified to meet
the requirements of each specific job site. As a minimum, the following will be checked prior to
commencing clearance operations:

      •   MEC equipment (Attachment 2 to this SOP, MEC Equipment Checklist)
      •   Range/explosive vehicles (APP, Appendix 5, Attachment 8 – per stated frequency)


3.6.1     Location/Navigation Equipment
The Whites XLT has been chosen as the primary surface clearance tool based on its lightweight,
hand-held operation, and compact sensor and relatively high sensitivity to both ferrous and non-
ferrous materials. The Trimble differential global positioning system (DGPS) will be used for
navigation and for positioning when UXO is encountered.

Prior to use, the Trimble unit will be benchmark tested per the requirements of the MEC QAPP.


3.6.2     Functionality Testing
The SUXOS or designee will ensure by visual observation/inspection that all
equipment/instruments used by UXO personnel are working properly, and that the functionality
of hand-held locators and navigation/location equipment (if applicable) is verified and
documented on a daily basis (strip test – see the MEC QAPP, WS #12 for performance
measurement criteria). The functionality determination for detection will be accomplished by
passing the instrument detection heads over one or more selected metal items on the ground
surface or buried in an instrument test area. Location equipment, if used, will be function tested
in accordance with procedures in SOP-02, Geophysical Surveying.

Detection equipment/instruments that are new, spare, or requiring repair must be inventoried,
inspected, and verified to be functional prior to use. UXO TL will inspect the remaining
equipment to be used each day to verify that the required tools and equipment are available and
in proper working order. The TL will ensure by visual observation/inspection that team
members complete the MEC Equipment Checklist (Attachment 2 to this SOP).


3.6.3     Required Documents
The following documents are required to be available during clearance operations:

      •   Approved Work Plan
                                                         Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                         Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                         Revision No.               Final
                                                         Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                         Page          7         of        14


      •   Approved ESS
      •   Approved APP/SSHP
      •   Ordnance Identification Publications as Required (i.e., OP 1664, U.S. Explosive
          Ordnance, TM9-1904, Ammunition Inspection Guide, TM 43-0001-28, Army
          Ammunition Data Sheets for Artillery Ammunition, Guns, Howitzers, Mortars,
          Recoilless Rifle, Grenade Launchers, and Artillery Fuzes)
3.7       COMMUNICATIONS
Site operations will not be conducted unless on-site communications are available. On-site
communications will be accomplished through the use of field radios. A repeater and base
station will be established as necessary to ensure reliable radio communications with Adak
emergency personnel and the EODT Communications Center (EODT field office). The contact
information for emergency services, including telephone numbers for the project personnel, is
provided in Section 10 of the APP. These telephone numbers will be posted in the office and
site vehicles. There is no cell-phone service on Adak; however, all site personnel will be aware
of the location of the closest telephone or will have direct radio communications to someone
with telephone service available. Radios capable of communicating with the EODT
Communications Center (field office) will be located in each vehicle or taken with teams on foot.
Note: EODT and the Navy may evaluate the alternative of establishing satellite telephone
communications capability while in the field and amend this section accordingly.

Visual and/or radio communication between personnel in the support zone and personnel in the
EZ will be maintained at all times.

Air horns are provided in each vehicle and EZ as a backup emergency notification system. The
following air horn signals will be used to communicate with personnel if the radio is not
operable:

      •   One Long Blast — Evacuate Area
      •   Two Short Blasts — All Clear
      •   Three Short Blasts — Emergency Help Required

The location of assembly points, emergency evacuation points, and emergency routes will be
discussed as necessary during the tailgate safety meeting. The hospital routes and emergency
telephone numbers will be posted in the EODT office and site vehicles.
                                                          Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                          Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                          Revision No.               Final
                                                          Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                          Page          8         of        14


 3.8       RANGE VEHICLES
 There will be a sufficient number of vehicles to transport all personnel involved in the clearance
 operation, and each vehicle must have a seat, with a seat belt, for each person.

 Vehicles designated to transport explosives will not be used to transport passengers. Explosive
 vehicles must comply with the provisions of 49 Code of Federal Regulations 177.835(e) and (f)
 (information on requirements are available in the APP).

 Vehicles will be parked in a protected area, free of vegetation, facing away from the detonation
 site. The keys will remain in the ignition at all times.

 Smoking or flame-producing devices are not permitted within 50 feet of explosive vehicles, and
 vehicles will not be driven or parked in areas with dry vegetation that could be ignited by the
 heat generated from catalytic converters.

 3.9       WEATHER AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
 Prior to commencing operations and at periods throughout the day, the SUXOS will obtain a
 local weather report from the Adak Weather Station, which receives frequent FAA updates.
 Adak weather station information can be accessed through the following websites:

       •   http://www.wunderground.com/US/AK/Adak/PASY.html,

       •   http://www.climaton.com/forecast/AK/Adak.php, and

       •   http://www.findlocalweather.com/forecast/ak/adak.html.

 Surface clearance operations will not be conducted if electrical storms are within 10 miles (as
 detected by a storm and lightening detector) of the disposal site or during severe weather
 conditions that would impact safety, such as winds exceeding 45 mph (as detected by a pocket
 weather meter). This does not mean field personnel have to be removed totally from the field;
 they may be able to take cover in a low area or ravines until time that winds have subsided. The
 level of removing from the field will be decided by the management team with the deciding
 factor being the ability to continue work safely.

3.10       EMERGENCY MEDICAL SUPPORT
 All field personnel will be trained in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with
 copies of the training records maintained in the site field office.
                                                           Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                           Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                           Revision No.               Final
                                                           Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                           Page          9         of        14


A first-aid kit, portable eyewash, and blood-borne pathogen kit will be on site at all times. The
first-aid kit will contain dressings capable of treating traumatic injuries that could result from an
explosion.

3.11   FIRE SUPPORT
The telephone number of the Adak fire department will be prominently posted in the EODT field
office.

The fire department will be notified of the location and duration of disposal operations each day.

Fire extinguishers and shovels will be on site to fight small fires.

Evacuate the area if the fire approaches ordnance or explosives.

Do not fight grass fires in areas where there may be ordnance or kick-outs.

3.12     PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Unless otherwise directed, clearance operations will be conducted in Level "D" personal
protective equipment (PPE). This will consist of non-static-producing clothing, gloves, safety
glasses, and leather boots. Due to abnormal weather conditions at Adak, additional severe
weather clothing such as extreme cold weather bibs, parkas (w/liners), and boots will be supplied
to personnel to mitigate expected hazards.

3.13     SURFACE CLEARANCE PROCEDURES
Before clearance operations commence (preparatory phase), all personnel assigned to, or
working with clearance teams, will attend a site-specific orientation. The purpose of the
orientation will be to review surface clearance and emergency response procedures. Course
attendance sheets, with attached curriculums, will be used to document the completion of each
orientation session. The topics to be covered during the orientation will include, but not be
limited to:

   •   Project summary
   •   Review Work Plan
   •   Review Site Safety and Health Plan
   •   Review Surface Clearance SOP
   •   Site ordnance brief
   •   Emergency response equipment
   •   Emergency procedures
                                                         Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                         Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                         Revision No.               Final
                                                         Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                         Page          10        of        14


   •   Emergency drill


Daily Briefings

Briefings that will be conducted every work day are as follows:

   •   Daily health and safety briefing (including tail-gate briefings)
   •   Daily site-specific munitions training
   •   Team assignments
   •   Operation overview
   •   Two-person Rule

Surface clearance activities will not be conducted until the following requirements have been
met:

   •   Training (both general and site-specific) has been conducted for all staff and
       memorialized in training files at the field site office.
   •   Proper equipment/vehicle checks have been completed.
   •   The UXO TL has completed a Daily Activities Checklist (Attachment 1).
   •   The appropriate EZ is established based upon the MGFD.

3.14   CLEARANCE TEAM COMPOSITION
Clearance activities will be conducted by at least three persons, one of whom must be a qualified
UXO Technician III. The UXO Technician III will be the assigned TL and will be responsible
for coordinating team activities efficiently to accomplish the daily work assignments in a safe,
effective manner.

The TL will ensure that the EZ remains clear; a vehicle equipped with first aid supplies is
available; and will maintain communications with the UXO team and the SUXOS. All non-
essential personnel will remain outside the EZ. Visitors will be allowed as described in
Section 3.4.

3.15   CLEARANCE BOUNDARIES AND SURVEY LANES
Prior to beginning of the surface clearance, the corners/boundaries of the work areas will be
staked or marked to provide navigational guidance for the team performing the clearance.
Geophysical personnel establishing boundary or control points will be accompanied by a UXO
Technician II to provide ordnance avoidance.
                                                         Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                         Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                         Revision No.               Final
                                                         Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                         Page          11        of        14


After the EZ has been established, the UXO TL will notify the SUXOS that the team is ready to
begin operations. When approval to begin the clearance/reconnaissance operation is received,
the team will enter the work area. The clearance team will form a line abreast, spaced in a
manner that permits equipment operation. The two person sweep team will proceed along the
boundary line, the second person will place flags marking the sweep lane and picking up
identified surface debris. No item will be moved until both team members have viewed and
properly determined anomaly disposition and reporting requirements; items discovered will be
managed following the provisions delineated in the next paragraph. Sweep magnetometer
operators may be required to be placed at varying intervals to allow for equipment operations.
The SUXOS will determine which technique will be used to mark the sweep boundaries (i.e.,
line, marking flags, cones, and so forth). The marked boundary will guide the next pass as the
sweep progresses. All team members will sweep a Whites locator in small arcs in front of them
as they proceed (this technique focuses the vision on the ground in front and provides an audible
backup). This process will be followed until the area is cleared of surface MEC and MPPEH.

The following actions will take place during the detector-aided visual survey:

   •   All visible anomalies (or partially visible) will be removed.

       o Evaluate each anomaly by carefully removing all surface debris at the anomaly
         location; do not excavate.

   •   Once visible, a qualified UXO Technician/TL will determine if the item is MEC. The
       SUXOS will be notified immediately if MEC is located.
   •   Characterization data for MEC and MPPEH 1X and 3X will be recorded on the Surface
       Clearance Grid Map (Attachment 3 to this SOP), which may be modified by the SUXOS
       to suit specific project requirements or needs. Other data (quantity/total gross weight) for
       MPPEH 5X, range related debris and non-munitions debris (not possessing an explosive
       hazard) will be recorded in the TL field log, and relayed to the SUXOS.
   •   Areas where the magnetometers indicate substantial sub-surface anomalies will be
       recorded in the TL field log, and the approximate location(s) will be noted on the map
       being used. This information will be passed on to the project geophysicists.
   •   The SUXOS will also account for MEC items using the Surface Clearance Grid Map and
       an MEC Accountability Log (Attachment 4 to this SOP).
   •   MEC, MPPEH, and non-munitions debris will be disposed of in accordance with the
       approved procedures in the project Environmental Protection Plan/Waste Management
       Plan (EPP/WMP).
                                                           Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                           Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                           Revision No.               Final
                                                           Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                           Page          12        of        14


   •   All appropriate documentation for data collection and MEC discovery will be completed.

The TL will inform the SUXOS when surface clearance activities are completed. At the end of
each day, the TL will complete the remaining items on the Daily Activities Checklist to
document successful completion of required activities. The completed checklist will be
submitted to the SUXOS for review and, if necessary, correction. The checklist will then be
placed in the project files on site.

Clearance teams may be subject to QC inspection at any time.

3.16   MUNITIONS WITH UNKNOWN FILLERS
Although munitions with chemical warfare material (CWM) fillers are unlikely to be present in
any of the Adak sites, the external design of some munitions (e.g., 4.2 inch mortar) does not
allow for the positive identification of their fillers. If a munition is encountered that is suspected
to contain CWM, or if the identification of the filler cannot be positively identified, the
following steps will be taken:
   •   All work will immediately cease.

   •   Personnel on the site will withdraw upwind.

   •   A team consisting of a minimum of two personnel will secure the area to prevent
       unauthorized access. They will position themselves as far upwind as possible while still
       maintaining security of the site.
   •   The SUXOS and/or Site Superintendent will notify the project manager, who will then
       request assistance from the U.S. Army Technical Escort Unit (Contact: Mr. Dalys
       Talley, Tech Escort Unit Operations, Edgewood Arsenal, Aberdeen, Maryland, (410)
       436-8534 or (410) 435-4384).
   •   The SUXOS will ensure that security on the site is maintained until the arrival of Tech
       Escort, and assist them as necessary.
Only Technical Escort Unit personnel can treat or dispose munitions with unknown fillers.

3.17   ANOMALIES OTHER THAN MPPEH
It is possible that hazardous and non-hazardous material other than MPPEH may be located
during the surface clearance, including metal debris, chemicals, and other hazards. They will be
processed as follows:
                                                           Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                           Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                           Revision No.               Final
                                                           Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                           Page          13        of        14


      •   Metal Debris — Metal debris located during the surface clearance will be documented in
          the logbook maintained by the UXO TL as non-munitions debris and be handled in
          accordance with the EPP/WMP.
      •   Chemicals — Locating industrial-type chemicals is a possibility during intrusive
          activities. If any evidence of chemical contamination is detected, all intrusive activities
          will cease, the site will be evacuated, and the EODT Site Office will notify the Task
          Order Manager using the established notification procedures. The evacuated area will be
          evaluated by the SUXOS and operations will continue only when it has been determined
          to be safe to proceed.
      •   Other Hazards — If sealed drums, contaminated soils, other suspect materials, or
          conditions that indicate a potential health or safety hazard are encountered during the
          surface clearance, work efforts will stop, and the UXOSO will evaluate the situation.
          Operations will continue only when it is safe to proceed.

3.18      DISPOSITION, HANDLING, TRANSPORTATION, AND STORAGE
MEC found during surface clearance operations will be disposed of using the procedures
outlined in SOP-7, Explosive Demolition for the Disposal of Munitions. Demolition operations
will be conducted at the collection location at the end of each week. If weather (or other)
conditions prevent demolition operations, the MEC will be destroyed the next available day.

MPPEH 1X and 3X will be documented from the time of discovery in the field to final disposal
(see SOP-07 for disposal requirements). Each aspect of MPPEH 1X and 3X handling and
disposal will be documented using the Surface Clearance Grid Map (or other suitable form) and
the project GIS database. MPPEH 5X will be handled as directed in SOP-06, the ESS/SAR, and
the EPP/WMP.

3.19      CLEARING MC SAMPLING LOCATIONS
Soil samples for MC will be taken from selected AOCs that are discussed in the MC QAPP that
accompanies this document. If explosives or breached munitions are discovered, the SUXOS
will be notified and actions taken in accordance with the MC QAPP.


4.0       REFERENCES

DDESB (Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board). 2004. Minimum Qualifications for
     Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Technicians and Personnel. Technical Paper 18.
     Alexandria, Virginia. December 20.
                                                    Procedure No.            SOP-01
                                                    Description:   Surface Clearance Operations
                                                    Revision No.               Final
                                                    Date:                 May 31, 2008
                                                    Page          14        of        14


DoD (Department of Defense). 2006. Methodologies for Calculating Primary Fragment
      Characteristics. DDESB TP 16, Revision 2. December 1.

Navy. 1990. Protection of Personnel and Property. EOD Bulletin 60A 1-1-4, Protection of
      Personal Property.

Navy. 2003. Ammunition and Explosives Ashore: Safety Regulations for Handling, Storing,
      Production, Renovation, and Shipping. NAVSEA OP 5, Volume 1. Seventh Revision.
      Commander, Naval Sea Systems Command. Washington, D.C.

USACE (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers). 2004. Essential Personnel and Personnel Limits in
     Conventional MEC Exclusion Zones. Military Munitions Response Program Center of
     Expertise Interim Guidance Document 04-01. April 8.
        ATTACHMENT 1

MEC DAILY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST
                                                                          Procedure No.     SOP-01
                                                                          Description:      Surface Clearance Operations
                                                                          Revision No.      Final
                                                                          Date:             May 31, 2008




                                  MEC DAILY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST

Project Information
 Project Name:                                                                            Date:
 Project Location:                                                                        Team No.
 Work Area:


Senior UXO Supervisor Checklist items
 Name:
Check Items Complete
              Conduct daily briefing (safety, emergency procedures, munitions information, etc.).
              Notify team leader of utilities or other dangers.
              Assign work area and provide data package.


UXO Team Leader Checklist Items
 Name:
Check Items Complete
              Ensure that all necessary data have been provided by the SUXOS for daily operations.
              Conduct vehicle inspection.
              Conduct tailgate safety briefing.
              Perform equipment inspections and operational tests (record in log book).
              Verify daily heavy equipment inspection.
              Identify known utilities.
              Ensure that work area is secure as required ( road closures, exclusion zone set up, etc.).
              Notify site office of start time for ordnance operations.
              Ensure that all required data have been recorded (data sheets, log books, photo log, etc.).
              Ensure that site restoration required is complete.
              Notify site office of stop time for ordnance operations.


 Approvals

SUXOS Signature:                                                                          Date:

UXOQC Signature:                                                                          Date:

                                                                                                       Revised Jan 2008
   ATTACHMENT 2

MEC EQUIPMENT CHECKLIST
                                                               Procedure No.   SOP-01
                                                               Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
                                                               Revision No.    Final
                                                               Date:           May 31, 2008




                             MEC EQUIPMENT CHECKLIST
Basic Equipment (Required for all UXO work)

         Quantity Item Description
              1         Air horn
              1         Handheld GPS
            2 rolls     Caution tape
              1         Emergency eye wash
              1         Fire extinguisher
              1         First-Aid/trauma kit (equipped for white phosphorus burns)
              1         Flashlight
            1 pair      Gloves, leather (or other approved work gloves)
              1         Radios (2-way)
             TBD        Pin flags (non-metallic)
              3         Metal detector (See work plan for make and model)
              6         Shovel, round point
              2         Warning signs for exclusion zone
            2 rolls     Tape, duct
            2 rolls     Tape, plastic
              1         Toolbox, general hand tools
              1         Trowel
             AR         Water bottle, 1 liter (per person)
              1         Water, drinking, 5 gal (if required)
Site-Specific Items (Write in items and quantity)
         Quantity Item Description




                                                                                      Revised Jan 2008
      ATTACHMENT 3

SURFACE CLEARANCE GRID MAP
Procedure No.   SOP-01
Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
Revision No.    Final
Date:           May 31, 2008
            ATTACHMENT 4

MEC AND MPPEH ACCOUNTABILITY INVENTORY
                                                                         Procedure No.     SOP-01
                                                                         Description:      Surface Clearance Operations
                                                                         Revision No.      Final
                                                                         Date:             May 31, 2008


               MEC and MPPEH (1X and 3X) ACCOUNTABILITY INVENTORY

                                                Date: _______________
                                             Found                            Initial        Photo      Final Disposition
RPT #        Item        Category*                           Location
                                          (Grid/Date)                       Disposition        #              /Date




Notes
MEC-Munitions and Explosives of Concern-Specific categories of military munitions that may pose unique explosives safety
risks; UXO, MPPEH, and MC
UXO – Unexploded ordnance – Ordnance fuzed, armed, or otherwise prepared for action and which has been fired or placed
in such manner that constitutes a hazard.
Material Potentially Presenting an Explosive Hazard (MPPEH).-Material potentially containing explosives or munitions (e.g.,
munitions containers and packaging material; munitions debris remaining after munitions use, demilitarization, or disposal;
and range-related debris); or material potentially containing a high enough concentration of explosives such that the material
presents an explosive hazard (e.g., equipment, drainage systems, holding tanks, piping, or ventilation ducts that were
associated with munitions production, demilitarization or disposal operations). Excluded from MPPEH are munitions within
DoD's established munitions management system and other hazardous items that may present explosion hazards (e.g., gasoline
cans, compressed gas cylinders) that are not munitions and are not intended for use as munitions.
DMM – Discarded Military Munitions which was disposed of by abandonment. The munitions may or may not have been
fuzed or armed, but was not employed as designed.
Inert – An item that has the same physical features of an ordnance item, but does not and never did contain energetic material.
MC - Munitions Constituents - Any materials originating from UXO, DMM, or other military munitions, including explosive and
non-explosive materials, and emission, degradation, or breakdown elements of such ordnance or munitions.
    ATTACHMENT 5

THREE PHASE CHECKLIST
                                                                 Procedure No.   SOP-01
                                                                 Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
                                                                 Revision No.    Final
                                                                 Date:           May 31, 2008


                           Three Phase Quality Control Checklist
                MEC Clearance for AOCs MM-10F, MM-10G and MM-10H
                          Surface Clearance Operations (SOP-01)
 Team:                               Location:                                   Date:

 Personnel Present:



 Phase of Inspection (Circle): PREPARATORY (P);            INITIAL (I);   FOLLOW-UP (F)

 Checklist

Item     Ref.                      Inspection Point                       Yes    No      N/A    Comments

1      TMP        Have all team members reviewed the current                                   (P)
                  SOP-01? Check Dates/Record of training.

2      SOP-01     Are personnel performing Surface Clearance                                   (P),(I),(F)
       Sec 3.1    Operations qualified in accordance with MEC
                  QAPP Worksheets 7 and 8?

3      SOP-01     Was the Coordination Meeting held prior to                                   (P)
       Sec 3.2    commencing Surface Clearance Operations?

4      SOP-01     Was a Public Meeting held prior to commencing                                (P)
       Sec 3.2    Surface Clearance Operations?

5      SOP-01     Has the Project Manager or his representative                                (P),(I),(F)
       Sec 3.3    completed the mandatory notifications prior to
                  conducting field operations? (i.e. Medical, Fire,
                  Security, City Council)

6      SOP-01     Was an Exclusion Zone determined and                                         (P), (I), (F)
       Sec 3.4    established by the SUXOS prior to conducting
                  surface clearance operations?

7      SOP-01     Are proper visitor access and control procedures                             (P),(I),(F)
       Sec 3.4    known and followed?

8      SOP-01     Are Team Separation Distances observed in                                    (P),(I),(F)
       Sec 3.4    accordance with SOP-01 and ESS requirements?

9      SOP-01     Do the UXO Teams meet the surface clearance                                  (P), (I), (F)
        3.5       personnel requirements specified in SOP-01?

10     SOP-01 Is appropriate personal and performance related                                  (P), (I), (F)
       Sec 3.6, equipment available for the proper conduct of
       ATT 2,   MEC/MPPEH Surface Clearance Operations?
                                                               Procedure No.   SOP-01
                                                               Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
                                                               Revision No.    Final
                                                               Date:           May 31, 2008


11   TMP,      Have all personnel assigned to the surface                                 (P), (I), (F)
     SOP-01 clearance team shown proficiency with detection
     Sec 3.6.2 equipment by passing detection heads over one
               or more metal items on the ground surface or
               buried in the instrument test area prior to the start
               of surface clearance operations?

12   TMP,      Is a current copy of SOP-01, TMP, Explosive                                (P),(I),(F)
     SOP-01 Safety Submission, AP/SSHP, and ordnance
     Sec 3.6.3 identification publications available to the Team
               when conducting field operations? Check dates.

13   SOP-01     Have sufficient communications been established                           (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.7    to enable team/field personnel to communicate
                with the Site Field Office and emergency
                response agencies prior to the conduct of
                operations?

14   SOP-01     Are there sufficient range vehicles available, with                       (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.8    appropriate safety devices installed, to transport
                and support Explosive Demolition Operation
                Personnel?

15   SOP-01     Are all vehicle safety requirements of SOP-09                             (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.8    known and strictly observed? (when UTVs are
                used)

16   SOP-01 Have all members of the MEC/MPPEH Surface                                     (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.12 Clearance Team attended site-specific
              orientation?

17   SOP-01     Does the SUXOS obtain a weather report prior to                           (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.9    the conduct of Disposal Operations?

18   SOP-01     Are Disposal Operations denied or cancelled                               (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.9    when electrical storms are within 10 miles of the
                disposal site or when other severe weather
                conditions exist that would have a negative
                impact on safety?

19   SOP-01 Are emergency medical support administrative,                                 (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.10 notification, training, and equipment requirements
              observed for MEC/MPPEH Surface Clearance
              Operations in accordance with SOP-01?

20   SOP-01 Are fire support administrative, notification,                                (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.11 training, and equipment requirements observed
              for disposal operations in accordance with SOP-
              01?
                                                            Procedure No.   SOP-01
                                                            Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
                                                            Revision No.    Final
                                                            Date:           May 31, 2008


21   SOP-01 Are the PPE items required for MEC/MPPEH                                   (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.12 Surface Clearance Operations present and
              serviceable in accordance with SOP-01?

22   SOP-01 Was a site-specific orientation provided to all                            (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.13 personnel assigned to or working with surface
              clearance teams covering, at a minimum, the
              topics specified in SOP-01 and documented on a
              Course Attendance Sheet?

23   SOP-01 Are daily briefings conducted covering the topics                          (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.13 specified in SOP-01?

24   SOP-01 Has all general and site specific training been                            (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.13 conducted prior to the performance of
              MEC/MPPEH surface clearance operations?

25   SOP-01 Has all the equipment/vehicles utilized by the                             (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.13 surface clearance team been functionally
              inspected and certified?

26   SOP-01 Was an Exclusion Zone (EZ) determined and                                  (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.14 established prior to the conduct of MEC/MPPEH
              surface clearance operations?

27   SOP-01 Does the Surface Clearance Team composition                                (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.14 meet personnel work requirements?

28   SOP-01 Have the corners/boundaries of the surface                                 (P), (I), (F)
     Sec 3.15 clearance area been determined and properly
              staked/marked prior to the accomplishment of
              surface clearance activities?

29   SOP-01 Has the UXO Team Leader contacted the                                      (I), (F)
     Sec 3.15 SUXOS prior to surface clearance operations and
              received approval to commence?

30   SOP-01 Did the Team Leader ensure conduct of detector                             (I), (F)
     Sec 3.15 assisted surface clearance operations in
              accordance with SOP provisions (search
              provisions, sweep boundaries and anomaly
              marking)?

31   SOP-01 Did only UXO qualified personnel investigate                               (I), (F)
     Sec 3.15 surface/partially buried anomalies to determine
              status (MEC, MPPEH, Non-Munitions Debris)?

32   TMP,     Were approved procedures for located                                     (I), (F)
     SOP-01 MEC/MPPEH items followed (data collection,
     Sec 3.15 data reporting, item storage, item disposition)?
                                                                    Procedure No.   SOP-01
                                                                    Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
                                                                    Revision No.    Final
                                                                    Date:           May 31, 2008


33    SOP-01 Were approved procedures for munitions with                                       (I), (F)
      Sec 3.16 unknown fillers followed (work cessation, area
               evacuation, area security necessary coordination,
               site turnover)?

34    SOP-01 Were appropriate processing procedures followed                                   (I), (F)
      Sec 3.17 for hazardous and non-hazardous material other
               than MPPEH (Metal Debris, Chemicals, Other
               Hazards)?

35    SOP-01 When required by the MC QAPP, are soil                                            (I), (F)
      Sec 3.19 samples taken in accordance with SOP
               provisions (UXO escort, magnetometer check of
               sampling location, movement to alternate location
               as necessary)?

36    SOP-01       Did the SUXOS perform pre-clearance                                         (I), (F)
       ATT 1       requirements identified on and properly fill out
                   his/her portion of the MEC Daily Activities
                   Checklist (briefing, utility and danger notification,
                   work assignment) ?

37    SOP-01       Did the Team Leader perform pre and post                                    (I), (F)
       ATT 1       clearance requirements identified on and properly
                   fill out his/her portion of the MEC Daily Activities
                   Checklist (work data, vehicle/equipment
                   inspection, tailgate safety briefing, work start/stop
                   notifications, site restoration, etc.)

38    SOP-01       Did the Team Leader ensure all equipment was                                (I), (F)
       ATT 2       available prior to deployment to the field site in
                   accordance with the MEC Equipment Checklist?

39    SOP-01       Did the Team Leader ensure vehicle inspection                               (I), (F)
       ATT 1       activities included the utilization and completion of
                   the Vehicle/Heavy Equipment Inspection
                   Checklist?

Punch list Items

No.
                      Procedure No.   SOP-01
                      Description:    Surface Clearance Operations
                      Revision No.    Final
                      Date:           May 31, 2008




Conducted by:   Acknowledged by: