Environmental Hazards by P-TaylorFrancis


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									Environmental Hazards
Author: Keith Smith

Edition: 4
Table of Contents

List of plates List of colour plates List of figures List of tables Preface Acknowlegements Part 1: The
Nature of Hazard 1.0 Hazard in the Environment 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Changing Perspectives 1.3 What are
Environmental Hazards? 1.4 Hazard, Risk and Disaster 1.5 Human Vulnerability to Disaster Key Reading
Box 1.1 Paradigms of Hazard Box 1.2 The Rich and the Poor 2.0 Dimensions of Disaster 2.1 Auditing
Disaster 2.2 Disaster Patterns 2.3 Disaster Trends Key Reading Box 2.1 Types of Disaster Impact Box
2.2 Other Disaster Databases 3.0 Risk Assessment and Management 3.1 The Nature of Risk 3.2 Risk
Assessment 3.3 Extreme Event Analysis 3.4 Risk Perception and Communication 3.5 Risk Management
Key Reading Box 3.1 Quantitative Risk Asessment Box 3.2 Information Technology and Disaster
Management 4.0 Reducing the Impacts of Disaster 4.1 The Range of Options 4.2 Mitigation Disaster Aid
4.3 Mitigation - Insurance 4.4 Protection Hazard Resistance 4.5 Adaptation - Preparedness 4.6
Adaptation Predictions, Forecasts and Warnings 4.7 Adaptation Land Use Planning Key Reading Box
4.1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Commercial Insurance
Box 4.2 Avalanche Deflecting Dams in Iceland Box 4.3 Earthquake Hazard Zoning in California Part 2:
The Experience and Reduction of Hazard 5.0 Tectonic Hazards: Earthquakes 5.1 Earthquake Hazards
5.2 The Nature of Earthquakes 5.3 Primary Earthquake Hazards 5.4 Secondary Earthquake Hazards 5.5
Mitigation 5.6 Protection 5.7 Adaptation Key Reading Box 5.1 The Mercalli Earthquake Intensity Scale
Box 5.2 Ground Shaking in Earthquakes Box 5.3 Earthquake Safety and Buildings 6.0 Tectonic Hazards:
Volcanoes 6.1 Volcanic Hazards 6.2 The Nature of Volcanoes 6.3 Primary Volcanic Hazards 6.4
Secondary Volcanic Hazards 6.5 Mitigation 6.6 Protection 6.7 Adaptation Key Reading Box 6.1 Crater-
Lake Lahars in the Wet Tropics Box 6.2 Some Precursors of Volcanic Eruption 7.0 Mass Movement
Hazards 7.1 Landslide and Avalanche Hazards 7.2 Landslides 7.3 Causes of Landslides 7.4 Snow
Avalanches 7.5 Mitigation 7.6 Protection 7.7 Adaptation Key Reading Box 7.1 How Snow Avalanches
Start 8.0 Severe Storm Hazards 8.1 Atmospheric Hazards 8.2 Tropical Cyclone Hazards 8.3 Nature of
Tropical Cyclones 8.4 Severe Summer Storms 8.5 Severe Winter Storms 8.6 Mitigation 8.7 Protection
8.8 Adaptation Key Reading Box 8.1 How Tropical Cyclones Form and Develop Box 8.2 The Dream of
Severe Storm Suppression Box 8.3 Improving Hurricane Evacuation in the United States 9.0 Biophysical
Hazards 9.1 Thermal Extremes, Disease Epidemics and Wildfires 9.2 Extreme Temperature Hazards 9.3
The Nature of Disease Epidemics 9.4 Some Important Infectious Diseases 9.5 Disease Hazard Reduction
9.6 Wildfire Hazards 9.7 The Nature of Wildfires 9.8 Wildfire Hazard Reduction Key Reading Box 9.1
Diseases and Disasters Box 9.2 The Emerging Flaviviruses 10.0 Hyrdological Hazards: Floods 10.1
Flood Hazards 10.2 Flood-Prone Environments 10.3 The Nature of Floods 10.4 Mitigation 10.5 Protection
10.6 Adaptation Key Reading Box 10.1 Flood Management on the Yangtze River, China Box 10.2 Flood-
Intensifying Conditions Box 10.3 The Levee Effect Box 10.4 The National Flood Insurance Program in the
USA 11.0 Hydrological Hazards: Droughts 11.1 Drought Hazards 11.2 Types of Drought 11.3 Causes of
Drought 11.4 Mitigation 11.5 Protection 11.6 Adaptation Key Reading Box 11.1 The Relationship
Between Famine and Drought Box 11.2 Drought in the African Sahel 12.0 Technological Hazards 12.1
Nature and Definition 12.2 Theory and Practice 12.

The fourth edition of Environmental Hazards continues to blend physical and social sciences to provide a
thoroughly balanced, contemporary introduction to hazards analysis and mitigation strategies. It covers
all the major rapid-onset events, whether natural, human or technological in origin which directly threaten
humans and what they value.
The revised edition includes increased coverage of Biophysical and Technological Hazards. Additional
material has also been added on vulnerability, asteroids, wildfires and disaster mitigation success. The
new edition also benefits from a larger format, allowing improved presentation of figures and photographs
that have also been updated and replaced throughout. Boxed features have been introduced to define key
terms, and outline the science underpinning discussions. Case studies have also been updated and
replaced throughout. Annotated further reading and a gazetteer of useful websites are also provided.
Environmental Hazards provides a lucid comprehensive introduction to both the theory and practice of
hazards and their mitigation, drawing on interdisciplinary insights. It is essential reading for students of
geography, environmental science, earth science and geology.
Features of the new edition include
∙ A streamlined, more tightly-written Part 1 to provide better definition, and more logical introduction of
basic concepts and improved justification for the sequence and treatment of Part 2 themes, allowing more
opportunity for cross-hazard commentary.
∙ Completely updated Part 2 providing more recent case-studies set in a firmer scientific framework,
increased content for Biophysical and Technological Hazard chapters and more on vulnerability,
asteroids, wildfires and disaster mitigation success.
∙ Enhanced student friendly format: size of text increased from royal to crown allowing increased size of 
figures and illustrations, boxes for definitions, key ideas and underpinning science, chapter summaries
with annotated further reading and a list of websites
∙ Thorough revision of illustrative material: Revision or replacement of approximately half of figures and 
Replacement of existing black and white photographs
A new set of colour photographs

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