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meditation

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					              :
          Meditation

When the pupil is ready, the
 teacher will come.
           Meditation
 In simple terms, meditation is a
  mind-cleansing or emptying
  process
 At a deeper level, meditation is
     focused concentration and
  increased awareness of one’s
  being
         Meditation
 When the mind is emptied of
 conscious thought
 –unconscious thoughts can
  enter the conscious realm
 –to bring enlightenment to our
  lives
   Types of meditation
Exclusive or restrictive meditation

                                 inner
     concentration   awareness
                                 peace



Inclusive or opening-up meditation

                                 inner
     concentration   awareness   peace
     Vehicles for Exclusive
          Meditation
 mental   repetition (mantra)
 visual concentration (tratek)
 repeated sounds (nadem)
 physical repetition (breathing,
     rhythmic exercise)
 tactile repetition (beads, shell,
  stone etc.)
   Examples of exclusive
       meditation

 Transcendental   Meditation
  (TM)
 The Relaxation Response
     Inclusive Meditation

 Observance   with emotional
  detachment
 Examples include:
 – Zen Meditation
 – Mindfulness Mediation
    divine
enlightenment



    Zen
  Meditation
            Split-Brain Theory
 left-brain       hemisphere
  –   left-brain functions

 right-brain         hemisphere
  –   right-brain functions

 meditation        can lead to
  – an altered state of consciousness
  – associated with right-brain functions
Altered States of Consciousness
         Characteristics
   time distortion
   ineffability
   present centeredness
   perception distortion
   enhanced receptivity
   self-transcendence
       Physiological Effects of
             Meditation
   decreased oxygen    decreased blood
    consumption          pressure
   decreased blood     decreased muscle
    lactate levels       tension
   increased skin      increased alpha
    resistance           waves
   decreased heart
    rate

				
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