June 2009 Released 4 September 2009 Winter Crop Performance Released 4 September 2009 Crop and Pasture Report Prepared by Rural Solutions SA for PIRSA Industry Development and Renewal Grains Industry Development CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 2 CROP AND PASTURE REPORT WINTER CROP PERFORMANCE COMPILED 2ND SEPTEMBER 2009 RURAL SOLUTIONS SA DISTRICT REPORTERS 3 CROP REPORTING DISTRICTS 4 SUMMARY OF CROP AND PASTURE CONDITIONS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA 5 Weather 5 Crops 5 Pastures 5 DISTRICT REPORTS 6 Western Eyre Peninsula 6 Eastern Eyre Peninsula 6 Lower Eyre Peninsula 6 Yorke Peninsula 7 Lower North 7 Mid North 8 Upper North 9 Central Hills, Fleurieu Peninsula and Kangaroo Island 10 Northern Murray Mallee 10 Southern Murray Mallee 11 Lower Murray 12 Upper South East 12 Lower South East 12 CROP PRODUCTION ESTIMATES 14 Report Compilation PETER FULWOOD RURAL SOLUTIONS SA PO BOX 245 NURIOOTPA SA 5355 Phone: (08) 8568 6400 Mobile: 0401 122 082 Fax: (08) 8568 6449 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 3 Rural Solutions SA District Reporters Eyre Peninsula Mr Neil Cordon Mr Kieran Wauchope PO Box 1783 PO Box 1783 PORT LINCOLN SA 5606 PORT LINCOLN SA 5606 Phone 08 8680 6210 Phone 08 8688 3409 Fax 08 8680 5020 Fax 08 8688 3407 Northern Agricultural Districts & Yorke Peninsula Mr Michael Wurst Mr Tom Yeatman Mr Peter Fulwood Mr Charlton Jeisman PO Box 822 PO Box 245 Mr Barry Mudge CLARE SA 5453 NURIOOTPA SA 5355 17 Irvine Street Phone 08 8842 6224 Phone 08 8568 6400 JAMESTOWN SA 5491 Fax 08 8842 3775 Fax 08 8568 6449 Phone 08 8664 1408 Fax 08 8664 1405 Central Hills, Fleurieu Peninsula and Kangaroo Island Mr Tim Prance Mr David Creeper PO Box 1439 C/- PO Lenswood VICTOR HARBOR SA 5211 LENSWOOD SA 5240 Phone 08 8552 8058 Phone 08 8389 8826 Fax 08 8552 8501 Fax 08 8389 8899 Murraylands & South East Ms Tanja Morgan Mr Chris McDonough Mr Mehdi Zaboli Mr Richard Saunders Mr Keith Bolto PO Box 411 Mr Linden Masters LOXTON SA 5333 Ms Tamara Rohrlach Phone 08 8595 9100 PO Box 469 Fax 08 8595 9199 MURRAY BRIDGE SA 5253 Phone 08 8535 6400 Fax 08 8535 6427 Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 4 Crop Reporting Districts KEY LINKS National Agricultural Monitoring System (NAMS): http://www.nams.gov.au South Australia Land Condition: http://www.dwlbc.sa.gov.au/land/monitoring/current_reports.html Drought Hotline Phone 180 2020 or log onto http://www.service.sa.gov.au/drought.asp For drought related information on support services, local rural financial counsellors, information on Centrelink payments and services, maintaining land condition, managing stock and crops in dry times, and the condition of the River Murray and Murray-Darling Basin. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 5 Summary of Crop and Pasture Conditions in South Australia Winter Crop Performance WEATHER 1 South Australian rainfall data for the last month is available from the Bureau of Meteorology website: http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/sa/observations.shtml • Maximum temperatures were near average in July, but up to 2-3°C above average in August. • Minimum temperatures were generally 1-2°C above average in July and August, with a notable lack of frosts in most districts. • Strong to gale force winds on several occasions in August caused leaf tipping to moisture-stressed crops in drier areas. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from average to above average in most districts, while August rainfall was below average on Eyre Peninsula, much of the Mid and Upper North and Murray Mallee districts. • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) ranges from above average on much of Western Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula and Kangaroo Island to below average in the Northern Murray Mallee. PREVIOUS SEASONS • Last season (2008) saw a patchy start, quite good winter rains but an exceptionally dry spring, resulting in below average yields and variable grain quality. Season 2007 was similarly variable with below average production following the severe state-wide drought of 2006. SEASON TO DATE • Paddock preparation and seeding got underway following good falls in late April, although light, patchy rainfall during May slowed some seeding operations. Seeding was completed during June and crop establishment took place in mostly favourable conditions. Good rains during July and warmer temperatures in August enabled crops in most districts to grow rapidly. Apart from the Murray Mallee districts, stored soil moisture is now good in most other areas, however favourable spring weather is needed to realise current crop yield potential. CROPS • Crops in most districts have continued to grow rapidly with the exception of parts of Eastern Eyre Peninsula, the Upper North and Murray Mallee where below average rainfall has seen crops struggling. • The majority of cereals are at jointing to mid booting, with the earliest now flowering. • Canola crops range from stem extension to late flowering, with peas and beans also flowering. • Waterlogged conditions in a few southern districts have caused patches of crop to be affected. • Additional nitrogen was applied to many cereal and canola crops during July and August. • Stripe rust is now widespread in wheat crops, with fungicide applications commenced or planned. • Net form net blotch and more recently leaf rust are widespread in susceptible barley crops. • Aphids, native budworm and diamondback moth larvae have been reported in some districts. • Current yield potential of the crop on a statewide basis is estimated to be above the long-term average with good upside potential, but remains dependent on adequate and timely spring rainfall. PASTURES • Most pastures have put on good growth during July-August. • Paddock feed is more than adequate for stock requirements in all but the driest districts. • There is good potential for hay and fodder production during spring. • Initial hay cuts have started in some districts. 1 Acknowledgment Weather information:- Climate and Consultative Services Section of the Bureau of Meteorology: Internet: http://www.bom.gov.au Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 6 DISTRICT REPORTS Western Eyre Peninsula WEATHER • Temperatures were up to 1-2°C above average in July and up to 2-3°C above average in August. • Strong to gale force winds on a couple of occasions as frontal systems moved through. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 33 mm (Nullarbour) to 120 mm (Streaky Bay), while August rainfall varied from 14 mm (Nullarbor) to 35 mm (Elliston). • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) varies from near average for the Far West to above average for the remainder of Western Eyre Peninsula. CROPS • Crops are generally looking good and have continued to grow rapidly in response to milder temperatures during August, despite below average rainfall. • Cereal growth stages vary from late stem elongation to flowering. • Post-seeding activities such as weed control, trace element and nitrogen application have been completed. It is reported that more nitrogen has gone out this season. • From mid August net form net blotch has been widespread in Maritime barley crops particularly in coastal areas. • There has been some fungicide application for stripe rust in wheat, with wheat leaf rust and oat rust also being reported. • There is the potential for above average crop yields provided weather conditions for the next 4-6 weeks are favourable. PASTURES • Pasture growth and quality are good. • Paddock feed is sufficient for stock requirements. • Lambing percentages and wool cuts have been good. Eastern Eyre Peninsula WEATHER • Temperatures were up to 1-2°C above average in July and up to 2-3°C above average in August. • Strong to gale force winds on a couple of occasions as frontal systems moved through. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 23 mm (Cowell) to 81 mm (Wharminda), while August rainfall varied from 12 mm (Cowell) to 36 mm (Cleve). • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) is near average for most of the district, with the driest area being Cleve-Cowell-Arno Bay. CROPS • Most crops are looking quite good despite below average rainfall, however crops in the area east of Cleve through to Cowell are struggling. • Crops grew rapidly in response to milder temperatures during August and crop development is estimated to be 2-3 weeks earlier than normal. • Cereal growth stages vary from late stem elongation to flowering. • Post-seeding activities such as weed control, trace element and nitrogen application have been completed. • From mid August net form net blotch has been widespread in susceptible barley crops particularly in coastal areas. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 7 • Fungicide application for stripe rust in wheat crops has commenced or is planned, with priority given to varieties rated as susceptible or moderately susceptible to the rust. • There is the potential for above average crop yields in most areas provided weather conditions for the next six weeks are favourable. PASTURES • Pasture growth and quality are generally quite good. • Paddock feed is sufficient for stock requirements. Lower Eyre Peninsula WEATHER • Temperatures were near average in July, but up to 1-2°C above average in August. • Strong to gale force winds on a couple of occasions as frontal systems moved through. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 56 mm (Tumby Bay) to 116 mm (Coulta), while August rainfall varied from 32 mm (Mount Hope) to 83 mm (Port Lincoln). • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) is near average throughout the district. CROPS • Crops are generally looking very good and have continued to grow rapidly in response to milder temperatures during August. • Cereal growth stages vary from late stem elongation to flowering. • Canola and pulse crops are all flowering. • Additional nitrogen has been applied to many crops. • Waterlogged conditions in some paddocks have caused patches of crop to be affected. • Net form net blotch has been widespread in susceptible barley crops for some weeks, with barley leaf rust reported more recently. • From mid August stripe rust has been reported in wheat crops and fungicide applications have commenced or are planned. • Reports of canola aphids building up particularly on crop edges, and diamondback moth larvae becoming active in canola crops. • There is the potential for above average crop yields given favourable spring weather. PASTURES • Feed levels are high and quality is good. • Those with perennials have great feed levels. Yorke Peninsula WEATHER • Temperatures were near average in July and up to 1-2°C above average in August. • A few light frosts during July and early August in northern parts of the district. • Gale force winds on the 24th August as a frontal system moved through. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 22 mm (Kadina) to 126 mm (Warooka), while August rainfall varied from 15 mm (Port Victoria) to 68 mm (Stenhouse Bay). • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) ranges from near average on northern Yorke Peninsula to above average on central and southern Yorke Peninsula. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 8 CROPS • Crops in most areas are looking very good, although drier conditions in parts of northern Yorke Peninsula saw growth slow somewhat. • There were reports of minor waterlogging in some parts of southern Yorke Peninsula during July. • Crops have continued to grow rapidly in response to milder temperatures during August, with many crops flowering earlier than normal. • The earliest sown cereals are now out in head, with canola, peas and lupins flowering and starting to pod up. • Additional nitrogen was applied to many cereal and canola crops during July and later in August when conditions were suitable. • Stripe rust began to show up in wheat crops later in August and many growers have been applying fungicides to susceptible varieties. • Net form net blotch and more recently leaf rust are now widespread in barley crops with many growers applying fungicides. • Rhizoctonia continued to be reported in crops during July-August, particularly on some of the poorer soils. • Aphids and native budworm have been reported in pulse crops mainly on northern Yorke Peninsula. • Most crops have excellent yield potential and should realize very good yields given favourable spring weather. PASTURES • Pastures have put on good growth during July-August in response to the generally favourable weather conditions. • Paddock feed is ample for stock requirements. • Initial hay cuts have just started, some three weeks earlier than normal. Lower North WEATHER • Temperatures were mostly near average in July, but up to 1-2°C above average in August. • Very few frosts during July-August. • Gale force winds on a couple of occasions as frontal systems moved through. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 41 mm (Robertstown) to 151 mm (Eden Valley), while August rainfall varied from 19 mm (Owen) to 75 mm (Williamstown). • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) varies from near average in western parts of the district to above average elsewhere. CROPS • Crops are generally looking very good, although drier conditions in August saw growth slow somewhat in eastern parts of the district. • Crops have continued to grow rapidly in response to milder temperatures during August, with many crops flowering earlier than normal. • The earliest wheat and barley crops are now out in head, with the majority of cereals at mid-late booting. • Most canola crops are at mid-full flowering, with beans flowering and podding and peas flowering. • Additional nitrogen was applied to cereal and canola crops either during July or in some cases later in August when conditions were again suitable. • Stripe rust was reported in wheat crops in early August, however the outbreak appears to have been largely contained with judicious use of fungicides and more resistant varieties being sown. • From mid August net form net blotch has been widespread in susceptible barley crops with many growers applying fungicides for control. • Most crops have excellent yield potential and should realize very good yields given favourable spring weather. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 9 PASTURES • Pastures have put on good growth during July-August in response to the favourable weather conditions. • Paddock feed is ample for stock requirements. • Initial cereal hay cuts have started, some three weeks earlier than normal. • A few growers have cut some medic hay. Mid North WEATHER • Many showery days occurred through July, with many windy days. • Temperatures were cool to cold with several frosts. RAINFALL • August rainfall was below average, with mild conditions and some strong winds. CROPS • Crops are generally growing exceptionally well; farmers are becoming increasingly confident in a good season and realisation of current average or better yield potential. • Subsoil moisture has been somewhat replenished by the winter rains. • During July growers were frustrated in not being able to spray crops for weeds due to the weather. • Herbicide coverage of weeds in crops is being limited by canopy closure. • Crops have few ryegrass numbers following the use of a newly released pre-emergent herbicide. • Nitrogen fertiliser was spread widely on cereal crops during July, with little applied at seeding. • Strip rust and net form of net blotch have become widespread on susceptible varieties. Some growers applied fungicide with late herbicide applications, which has slowed disease development. • Many susceptible varieties have been sprayed with fungicide to control disease, particularly stripe rust. • Dry and windy conditions during August have stressed crops in lower rainfall areas and reduced yield potential in the rest of the district. • Canola crops had additional nitrogen fertiliser applied during July. • Canola crops are beginning to pod and continuing to flower. • Pulse crops are growing well with most in full flower. PASTURES • Conditions have been ideal for pasture growth following the excellent germination, particularly legume pastures species. Upper North WEATHER • Conditions during July were cold, however August has been relatively mild with significantly fewer frosts compared to the same period in recent years. • Strong north-west winds experienced towards the end of August saw many crops dry out and considerably reduce crop yield potential. RAINFALL • Average to above average rainfall was recorded across the district in July, while totals were substantially less in August. CROPS • Crops throughout the district had excellent yield potential in mid August. • The dry conditions and strong winds in the last few weeks of August have significantly reduced yield potential, particularly in the northern part of the district where headlands and crops on heavy soils began to die. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 10 • Early sown crops in the western part of the district had well above average potential, but also began to suffer moisture stress towards the end of August. • Many barley crops in the eastern part of the district became severely nitrogen deficient during early August, but by mid August crops had recovered. • Net form of net blotch and barley scald have been widespread in barley crops in the western part of the district with a large number of crops being sprayed. • Rains toward the end of August have only helped maintain instead of lifting crop yield potential. • Most break crops have grown well with good bulk and establishment following early winter rains. Like cereals these have began to wither in the last few weeks. PASTURES • July and August saw pasture growth increase dramatically, particularly in mid-late August as warmer weather and increased day-length helped pastures get away. • Lambing has continued throughout the district with good percentages. • Livestock prices have remained high with good prices received for most categories of sheep. • Cereals that were grazed have responded well to the good rainfall in July. Central Hills, Fleurieu Peninsula and Kangaroo Island WEATHER • Temperatures for July were average, however above average temperatures during the second week of August caused some concern for growers. RAINFALL • Good falls were received in all areas for July; on Kangaroo Island heavy rainfall over two days caused a private dam to be breached in the headwaters of the Harriet River. • While August rainfall has not been as uniform across the district, pastures and crops are growing very well with no signs of moisture stress. • Rainfall during spring will now be extremely important to capitalise on the excellent seasonal conditions thus far. CROPS • Crops are generally showing good growth. • Some crops around Wellington have suffered as a result of lower rainfall, while crop yields on Kangaroo Island could be affected by waterlogging in some areas as a result of frequent rainfall during July and August. This has also impacted on the ability of farmers to get onto paddocks to spray weeds, apply nitrogen and other crop management activities. • No major pest issues have been recorded in crops at this stage, however continued rain and larger crop canopies will expose cereal and pulse crops to fungal diseases. PASTURE • Pasture growth throughout the district is excellent, however those pastures sown later will require good spring rains to finish well. • Pasture growth during the last week of August has been quite noticeable as temperatures increase. • Continued rain during spring will provide farmers with a great opportunity to conserve and replace fodder reserves used during the past two dry seasons. • Further areas of kikuyu are planned to be planted on Kangaroo Island in spring as a high water use perennial pasture which can withstand heavy grazing. • Frequent significant rainfall events throughout July and August have produced runoff which has flowed into dams and water courses in all parts of the district. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 11 Northern Murray Mallee WEATHER • There were numerous frosty mornings recorded in the second half of July, but warmer spring weather seemed to be experienced from mid August. RAINFALL • After a very dry June the Northern Mallee had close to average rainfall in July, but only half its average rainfall for August, coming right at the end of the month. • The Loxton Research Centre recorded 25.4 mm in July very close to its average July rainfall of 29 mm, followed by 15.6 mm for August well below the 30 mm average. CROPS • After initially generally good crop establishment and early growth, the lack of rainfall through most of August and lack of subsoil moisture has caused a great deal of stress to Northern Mallee crops. • Most early sown crops are beginning to push up heads. • Heavy flats, shallow stone and deep sands have been hardest hit, with many areas browning out and are unlikely to recover. • Loamy sand to sandy loam soils are hanging on a bit better and will respond to the late August rains, maintaining reasonable yield potential, depending on spring rains. • The few canola crops have been out in flower for some time, but will not yield highly this season. • Rhizoctonia continues to provide significant problems in paddocks through this run of poor seasons. • There has been very little post nitrogen application this season. • While there has been one stripe rust report in the Northern Mallee, the weather has not been conducive to its spread and there does not appear to be any major threat here this season. PASTURES • The lack of winter pasture growth has meant that paddock feed is running out. • While there has been some talk among farmers about feeding off crops, generally this has only been in sown cereals for feed that may have been harvested if the season showed more promise. • Grassy weeds are coming out in head and spray-topping will be required soon. Southern Murray Mallee WEATHER • Drier conditions were experienced in the first three weeks of August. • Strong wind events have been common in the last two months causing drift on bare hills and tipping to moisture-stressed crops. • Winter temperatures have been generally mild, with some unseasonably warm days experienced. RAINFALL • Rainfall for July varied between decile 4 and 6 with patchy falls across the district. • August rainfall was very welcome on thirsty crops. • Rainfall has been very patchy in general, with some areas receiving 215 mm of growing season rainfall and some areas receiving only 110 mm of growing season rainfall. CROPS • Early sown crops are out in head, with late sown crops still tillering. • Canola and pulse crops are flowering. • Dry August conditions and warm temperatures have caused moisture stress symptoms in most crops and reduced yield potential. • Crops were very stressed and some were dying in patches prior to the rains received in late August. • Follow-up rain is required soon in September to buffer crops against warm spring temperatures. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 12 • Reports of aphids, although not all crops have required spray treatment. • Some nitrogen application in early July, however dry conditions ceased activity early. PASTURES • Paddock feed in good supply, although warm conditions have hastened flowering and maturity of grasses. Lower Murray WEATHER • Rainfall has been variable, with many areas below average for the July-August period. • There was a long dry period between late July through to late August. • Strong winds and dry conditions resulted in a little erosion. • Frosts have been rare and of low severity. RAINFALL • For July mean temperatures in Murray Bridge were average, while rainfall of 55 mm was well above the average of 35 mm. • For August mean temperatures were 2°C above average, while 34 mm of rain fell, just below average of 37 mm. CROPS • Prior to rains in late August crops suffered moisture stress. • Moisture stress has been more severe in the warmer northern areas. • Crops are well advanced and early sown ones have heads emerging. • There have been reports of aphids in the Murray Bridge to Mannum area. • Ground cover is good with the exception of late sown crops. • Stored soil moisture is limited. PASTURES • Almost all livestock producers have sufficient pasture feed. • Many pastures have suffered moisture stress. • In some situations there has been a reduction in medic density. • Most pasture paddocks have sufficient cover for erosion prevention. • Medic pastures are flowering with grazing management implications. Upper South East WEATHER • Temperatures were near average in July and 1-2°C above average in August. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 36 mm (Cooke Plains) to 106 mm (Keith), while August rainfall varied from 40 mm (Cooke Plains) to 74 mm (Wolseley). • Currently there is a full profile of moisture in the soil around Keith, but slightly drier in the north of the district. CROPS • Crops are currently looking the best they have for a few years at this time of year. • Lucerne and canola are flowering. • Weed sprays are complete and some insecticides are now being applied. • Around Coomandook some barley crops have been treated for spot form net blotch and rust. • Small amounts of powdery mildew have been found in barley further south and a small amount of chocolate spot in beans. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 13 • Some crops in southern parts of the district received nitrogen applications in early-mid July. PASTURES • A few cereal aphids have been found in lucerne pastures, but no other real problems at the moment. • After the winter rains there is still plenty of feed in paddocks, which are all looking to be in good condition. • Farmers are about a month off cutting hay around the district. Lower South East WEATHER • Temperatures were mostly near average in July, but up to 1-2°C above average in August. • A couple of light frosts during July. • Strong to gale force winds on several occasions as frontal systems moved through. RAINFALL • July rainfall varied from 52 mm (Coonawarra) to 180 mm (Cape Jaffa), while August rainfall varied from 68 mm (Cape Jaffa) to 159 mm (Mount Gambier). • Growing season rainfall to date (April-August) is now near average throughout the district. CROPS • Crops are generally looking very good and have continued to grow rapidly in response to milder temperatures during August and the notable lack of frosts. • Persistent heavy rainfall has caused some waterlogged patches in paddocks particularly in southern and western parts of the district towards the coast, preventing growers from applying post-emergence herbicides in some cases. • The majority of cereals are now at the end of tillering through to early stem elongation. • Most canola crops commenced flowering in the past couple of weeks. • Additional nitrogen has been applied to crops from early August mostly by plane, with some aerial application of post-emergence herbicides as well. • Net form net blotch has been reported in susceptible barley crops with most growers having recently put out their first fungicide application. • Foliar diseases are currently at manageable levels, but will be dependent on spring weather conditions. • Most crops now have excellent yield potential and should realize very good yields given favorable spring weather. PASTURES • Pastures have put on good growth during July-August in response to the favourable weather conditions. • There is now an abundance of paddock feed. • Lambing percentages have been excellent, with some producers turning off lambs earlier to capitalize on good prices. • There is very good potential for hay and fodder production during spring. Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 14 Crop Production Estimates PRIMARY INDUSTRIES AND RESOURCES SOUTH AUSTRALIA - FIELD CROP PRODUCTION ESTIMATES Pg 1 September 2009 Contact: Peter Fulwood Phone 08 8568 6400 Mobile 0401 122 082 Fax 08 8568 6449 CROP Western Eyre Lower Eyre Eastern Eyre Yorke Upper Mid Lower Subtotal Peninsula Peninsula Peninsula Peninsula North North North WHEAT 465,000 133,000 370,000 158,000 220,000 227,000 44,000 1,617,000 ha 535,000 319,000 462,000 388,000 340,000 465,000 110,000 2,619,000 t DURUM 0 0 0 30,000 12,000 7,700 5,000 54,700 ha 0 0 0 69,000 23,000 18,000 11,500 121,500 t BARLEY 110,000 90,000 110,000 187,000 135,000 132,000 37,000 801,000 ha 148,000 216,000 149,000 459,000 225,000 285,000 94,000 1,576,000 t OATS 20,000 3,200 5,000 5,000 9,000 8,000 2,000 52,200 ha 20,000 5,100 5,000 9,500 12,000 15,000 3,800 70,400 t RYECORN 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ha 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0t TRITICALE 2,000 900 4,500 2,000 2,800 4,000 1,000 17,200 ha 2,000 1,700 4,500 4,000 4,400 7,700 2,200 26,500 t PEAS 7,500 8,100 6,000 41,000 22,000 24,000 11,000 119,600 ha 7,500 11,000 6,000 61,000 28,000 35,000 18,000 166,500 t LUPINS 1,200 24,000 5,000 1,500 3,500 2,900 900 39,000 ha 1,100 33,000 5,000 2,200 4,000 3,900 1,300 50,500 t BEANS 0 6,900 200 12,000 6,500 13,000 6,000 44,600 ha 0 11,000 150 22,000 9,000 22,000 11,000 75,150 t CHICKPEAS 0 300 0 8,000 800 2,600 800 12,500 ha 0 300 0 9,600 1,000 3,300 800 15,000 t LENTILS 0 1,300 0 40,000 2,500 3,700 3,000 50,500 ha 0 1,800 0 60,000 3,000 4,700 4,200 73,700 t VETCH 200 700 500 2,000 5,000 2,600 300 11,300 ha 150 500 300 2,000 2,000 2,100 300 7,350 t CANOLA 1,500 50,000 3,000 17,000 14,000 36,000 8,000 129,500 ha 1,000 72,000 2,400 26,000 18,000 45,000 12,000 176,400 t HAY 10,000 6,000 8,000 25,000 23,000 29,000 16,000 117,000 ha (not included 16,000 18,000 15,000 75,000 65,000 90,000 59,000 338,000 t in total) TOTAL ha 607,400 318,400 504,200 503,500 433,100 463,500 119,000 2,949,100 ha TOTAL t 714,750 671,400 634,350 1,112,300 669,400 906,700 269,100 4,978,000 t Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 15 PRIMARY INDUSTRIES AND RESOURCES SOUTH AUSTRALIA - FIELD CROP PRODUCTION ESTIMATES Pg 2 September 2009 Contact: Peter Fulwood Phone 08 8568 6400 Mobile 0401 122 082 Fax 08 8568 6449 CROP Kangaroo Central Hills Lower Nth Murray Sth Murray Upper Lower TOTALS Island & Fleurieu Murray Mallee Mallee South East South East WHEAT 5,500 6,600 63,000 200,000 125,000 69,000 25,000 2,111,100 ha 11,600 13,200 75,000 200,000 175,000 138,000 72,000 3,303,800 t DURUM 0 300 800 700 0 3,500 0 60,000 ha 0 500 800 500 0 7,000 0 130,300 t BARLEY 2,700 8,600 60,000 50,000 120,000 92,000 18,000 1,152,300 ha 5,900 17,200 72,000 50,000 168,000 175,000 48,000 2,112,100 t OATS 3,300 1,700 3,000 3,000 4,000 8,500 4,000 79,700 ha 6,600 3,100 3,000 3,000 4,200 14,000 9,800 114,100 t RYE 0 0 1,500 4,000 3,000 900 0 9,400 ha 0 0 1,200 4,000 3,400 700 0 9,300 t TRITICALE 600 2,300 10,000 18,000 28,000 7,800 2,000 85,900 ha 1,200 4,600 12,000 18,600 38,000 11,700 5,200 117,800 t PEAS 200 1,100 1,600 0 1,000 3,800 400 127,700 ha 350 1,800 1,300 0 800 6,100 900 177,750 t LUPINS 2,000 1,500 1,000 1,500 5,000 17,000 3,500 70,500 ha 3,200 2,400 800 1,000 4,000 23,000 5,200 90,100 t BEANS 200 300 100 0 0 11,500 14,500 71,200 ha 300 500 80 0 0 19,500 32,000 127,530 t CHICKPEAS 0 0 0 0 0 300 400 13,200 ha 0 0 0 0 0 300 400 15,700 t LENTILS 0 0 0 0 0 1,500 100 52,100 ha 0 0 0 0 0 1,800 150 75,650 t VETCH 0 0 200 0 1,000 400 0 12,900 ha 0 0 150 0 800 400 0 8,700 t CANOLA 4,000 1,200 2,000 3,000 6,000 28,000 9,000 182,700 ha 6,000 1,700 1,500 1,500 4,800 35,000 15,500 242,400 t HAY 7,700 26,400 13,000 4,000 8,000 55,000 43,000 274,100 ha (not included 27,000 95,000 33,000 7,500 18,000 165,000 160,000 843,500 t in total) TOTAL ha 18,500 23,600 143,200 280,200 293,000 244,200 76,900 4,028,700 ha TOTAL t 35,150 45,000 167,830 278,600 399,000 432,500 189,150 6,525,230 t Prepared by Rural Solutions SA CROP AND PASTURE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2009 16 South Australian Field Crops Area sown for grain, grain production, five year average and current year estimates Crop Unit 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 5yr Av 2009/10 Wheat Area (ha) 2,057,000 1,977,400 2,035,781 2,101,227 2,043,000 2,042,900 2,111,100 Prod (t) 2,686,700 3,699,700 1,481,974 2,250,970 2,347,000 2,493,300 3,303,800 Durum Area (ha) 60,750 59,850 50,250 54,750 59,100 56,900 60,000 Prod (t) 110,600 154,300 25,700 95,400 88,700 94,900 130,300 Barley Area (ha) 1,119,900 1,170,500 1,154,060 1,225,163 1,210,500 1,176,000 1,152,300 Prod (t) 1,825,100 2,545,900 1,029,030 1,776,660 1,795,000 1,794,300 2,112,100 Oats Area (ha) 67,400 72,300 82,383 85,659 72,100 76,000 79,700 Prod (t) 87,800 119,400 44,362 95,457 80,200 85,400 114,100 Rye Area (ha) 7,650 10,000 8,600 9,000 11,000 9,300 9,400 Prod (t) 4,550 11,900 2,700 4,800 7,300 6,300 9,300 Triticale Area (ha) 88,900 83,400 89,880 93,967 85,700 88,400 85,900 Prod (t) 98,000 125,500 53,379 97,649 86,600 92,200 117,800 Peas Area (ha) 119,800 143,130 145,190 146,874 128,500 136,700 127,700 Prod (t) 147,700 257,910 91,084 152,909 129,100 155,700 177,750 Lupins Area (ha) 63,750 72,420 84,792 83,372 74,000 75,700 70,500 Prod (t) 72,288 121,460 46,795 77,898 69,600 77,600 90,100 Beans Area (ha) 94,648 70,420 73,607 70,877 72,400 76,400 71,200 Prod (t) 135,434 168,540 39,398 105,494 82,880 106,300 127,530 Chickpeas Area (ha) 2,950 1,590 4,640 5,993 11,550 5,300 13,200 Prod (t) 2,580 2,230 2,173 5,075 9,200 4,300 15,700 Lentils Area (ha) 55,900 54,410 57,620 54,603 46,500 53,800 52,100 Prod (t) 57,675 101,890 23,456 55,952 36,870 55,200 75,650 Vetch Area (ha) 24,200 14,520 16,431 15,756 15,900 17,400 12,900 Prod (t) 9,400 15,243 3,639 8,629 4,980 8,400 8,700 Canola Area (ha) 193,500 147,600 157,672 163,351 178,200 168,100 182,700 Prod (t) 228,850 213,400 72,938 152,989 192,600 172,200 242,400 Hay Area (ha) 277,700 170,000 220,000 288,000 238,900 274,100 (not included Prod (t) 1,084,800 250,000 520,000 831,000 671,500 843,500 in total) TOTAL Area (ha) 3,956,300 3,877,500 3,960,900 4,110,600 4,008,500 3,982,800 4,028,700 TOTAL Prod (t) 5,466,700 7,537,400 2,916,600 4,879,900 4,930,000 5,146,100 6,525,200 Notes: Current year estimates assume average rainfall and temperature conditions for the remainder of the growing season. Grain estimates are for total grain production and include grain delivered for immediate sale and warehousing plus grain retained on farm for seed, feed and future sale. Hay estimates are for total hay production and include all pasture, cereal and other crops cut for hay, both dryland and irrigated. The estimates are based on information provided by Rural Solutions SA District Reporters from a variety of sources, and are updated throughout the season as conditions change and further information becomes available. They are intended to provide an indication of crop potential current at the time of preparation of the report. The estimates are updated using ABS census data as available. Prepared 2 September 2009 Prepared by Rural Solutions SA
"Crop and Pasture Report"