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                                   Race                                                      Public                                                       What’s for

                                 wrongs                                                      space                                                         dinner?

News, Ideas and Conversations from the University of Pennsylvania                                     September 17, 2009

    Q&a Cynthia Connolly
                                                                                                                                                  The politics
                                                                                                                                                  of myth-
                                                               By heatheR a. DavIS

    W                                                                                                                                             debunking
                 hen President Bill Clinton
                                                                                        Historian on health care
                 tried in 1993 to reform
                 health care, Cynthia Con-
    nolly remembers thinking something
    was missing from the debate.                                                                                                                  By BRIaN M. SChleteR
        “No one was talking about how it
    was that we got to where we were,”                                                                                                            Even before the 1,017-page America’s Affordable Health
    says Connolly, an associate professor                                                                                                         Choices Act of 2009 was made public, the Internet was abuzz
    in Penn’s School of Nursing. “Why                                                                                                             with rumors and misinformation about the landmark health
    did our health care system look the                                                                                                           care reform legislation.
    way it did in the early 1990s? I thought                                                                                                          To some observers, the health care debate is politics as
    we needed to be thinking more about                                                                                                           usual. But for Brooks Jackson, director of, a proj-
    how we got to where we were, not to                                                                                                           ect of Penn’s Annenberg Public Policy Center, it is a golden
    be hamstrung by history, but in order                                                                                                         opportunity to increase public knowledge and understanding
    to be able to analyze why we made the                                                                                                         of the facts.
    choices we did.”                                                                                                                                  Jackson and a former          CommuniCaTion
        A clinician and nurse practitioner                                                                                                        CNN colleague launched
    by trade, Connolly was inspired to                                                                                                            the popular political myth-debunking web site with little fan-
    explore the history of nursing and                                                                                                            fare during the presidential race of 2004. But Vice President
    health care to better understand how                                                                                                          Dick Cheney’s mention of the site during a televised debate
    to serve children and families today.                                                                                                         thrust Jackson and his staff into the national spotlight.
        In her 2008 book, “Saving Sickly                                                                                                              After a post-2008 election lull, the health care debate has
    Children: The Tuberculosis Preven-                                                                                                            reignited interest in the site, and today it has 84,000 subscrib-
    torium in American Life, 1909-1970,”                                                                                                          ers. More than 940,000 unique visitors are checking it each
    Connolly examined facilities that                                                                                                             week. Few have likely read all 1,017 pages of H.R. 3200. But
    housed children at risk for devel-                                                                                                            Jackson and his staff have. And they stand ready to sort out the
    oping what was once known as the                                                                                                              fiction from fact to answer your questions.
    “White Plague.” These places, like
    the first one founded in 1909 by re-                                                                                                          Q. How and when did the idea for the project come about?
    formers in New York City, may have                                                                                                            A. It really goes back to my work at CNN in 1990 when I
    initially been a good idea, but they                                                                                                          started there and got called in by the political director who
    often made assumptions about at-risk                                                                                                          had developed some graphic techniques CNN wanted to use
    children based on race, class and eth-                                                                                                        to go after false and misleading political ads. I was drafted
    nicity, Connolly says.                                                                                                                        to do that. After I left, I was invited by my colleague to the
        “If you think back to New York in                                                                                                         Annenberg Public Policy Center to continue fact checking
    the early 20th century, it was teeming                                                                                                        and watching political claims on the Internet and the result
    with new immigrants from Eastern                                                                                                              is, which has succeeded beyond any expectation
    Europe,” she says. “There were a lot                                                                                                          either of us had at the time. It’s just really gratifying and a
    of concerns about the changing na-                                                                                                            pleasant surprise to see how many ordinary voters use the
    tional character of the United States                                                                                                         service. … I thought originally that it would be used by re-
    and unhealthy cultural practices. By                                                                                                          porters and watched by political insiders and junkies. There’s
    1900, the better nutrition and plumb-                                                                                                         been some of that. But I don’t think we ever dreamed we’d
    ing that wealthier people could af-                                                                                                           have so many visits to the site and so many subscribers.
                                                                                                                                Candace diCarlo

    ford resulted in a dramatic decline
    in infectious diseases. TB became                                                                                                             Q. Your mission is to “reduce the level of deception and
               ...Continued on page 6
                                                                                                                                                                                       ...Continued on page 7

Campus projects large and small
By heatheR a. DavIS                                                 Building, Shoemaker Green and Hill Square College House.
                                                                        But there’s still plenty that’s new to see around campus.
There are plenty of new faces around campus this fall—and           Here are some of the projects that are near-completion and
several new and refurbished buildings, as well.                     in the works for the fall and beyond.
   Penn construction crews have been busy these past few
months putting the finishing touches on a campus building,          Penn Park: This ambitious urban park, stretching along the
completing renovations to two student dorms and preparing           Schuylkill River from Walnut to South Street, will create new
to kick off the first phase of Penn Park—a major campus de-         athletic and public spaces. However, before the green vision
velopment plan.                                                     is realized, Penn must finish demolishing the building cur-
   Construction on campus is, in fact, continuing despite the       rently on that site, remove some old asphalt on the land and
economic downturn, says Anne Papageorge, vice president of          do some preliminary grading, according to Mike Dausch, ex-
Facilities & Real Estate Services.                                  ecutive director of design and construction in Facilities & Real
   “There are some projects that have been deferred. ... The        Estate Services. The design team is finalizing the construction
schools and centers basically have moved some projects a little     documents, which will be put out to bid this fall. This project
further out in their plans,” she says. “We, so far, are not see-    is slated to take two years, and should be completed by 2011.
ing a significant reduction in the annual capital plan, because
there were a lot of things that were in the pipeline.”              Annenberg Public Policy Center: If you’ve walked anywhere
   About one-third of the planned projects are dependent on         near 36th Street and Locust Walk in the past two years, you
donor funding. Papageorge says some of these projects don’t         may have noticed a modern glass structure rising from the
have a definitive timeline, and may be staggered to offset the      ground. The Annenberg Public Policy Center, designed by
sluggish economy, including the Neural-Behavorial Sciences                                                                                        Annenberg Public Policy Center
                                                                                                        ...Continued on page 3

 Follow the Penn Current on Twitter by visiting
2      September 17, 2009                                                                                                                                                                  PennCurrent

BY THE NUMBERS:                                                 Who paints Penn’s legacy portraits in College Hall?
Division of Public Safety                                       Dear Benny,                                           painting—and how they want to appear to                  “It’s really wonderful to see the gamut of
                                                                How does Penn decide who paints the portraits of      future generations of Penn students, faculty         portraits,” says Jacovini. “There are so many
                           Led by Vice Presi-                   University presidents and provosts? Is it up to the   and staff.                                           I like for different reasons. I think there’s a
                           dent for Public                      President or Provost, or is there a committee who         “There is great variation in the formal          very nice portrait of [former Provost John]
                           Safety Maureen                       selects a particular artist? Some portraits are ca-   quality of the portrait, setting, choice of          Ludlow.”
                           Rush, Penn’s Di-                     sual, while others are more formal—who decides        clothing,” says Jacovini. Some adminis-                  The portraits are part of the general
                           vision of Public                     this? And are the portraits always painted at the     trators choose to pose outside, while                University art collection of more than 6,000
                           Safety ensures that                  end of the President’s or Provost’s career?           others have                                          paintings, graphics, photographs, sculptures,
                           the nearly 125,000                                               —Pondering Portraits      chosen an                                               decorative objects and artifacts acquired
                                                                                                                                       aSK BEnnY
                           people living,                                                                             interior set-                                              over the past 250 years.
                           working, studying,                   Dear P. P.,                                           ting for their                                                  For more information, visit Penn’s
visiting or strolling through Penn on any                       For help, we turned to Jackie Jacovini, cura-         portrait.                                                     Art Collection website: http://sceti
given day do so safety and securely.                            tor of Penn’s art collection. There are no re-            The portraits are usu-                              
    In this edition of By The Numbers, we in-                   cords pertaining to the commission of these           ally—though not always—
troduce the people who work day in and day                      portraits prior to 1980, when her office was          painted at the end of the
out to keep the peace at Penn, and in the                       founded.                                              subject’s career.                                            GoT a QuESTion FoR BEnnY?
surrounding community.                                              But she was able to shed some light on the            About 40 to 50 of the                                    Send it via e-mail to current
                                                                practice in recent decades. Since 1980, Uni-          paintings hang in College                           or via regular

1   Penn’s ranking for safety among uni-                        versity presidents and provosts have selected         Hall, but a few others grace                                 mail to the Current, 200 Sansom
    versities and colleges by Security                          the portrait artist of their choice. They also        the walls in other University                                  Place East, 3600 Chestnut Street,
Magazine in 2007 and 2008.                                      decide how they want to be portrayed in the           buildings.                                                      Philadelphia, PA 19104-6106.

116            Number of members in the
               Penn Police Department, the
largest private police department in Penn-
sylvania and the second-largest in the na-
                                                                Societal problems, personal solutions
tion.                                                           By GReG JohNSoN                                                                                                     acknowledges the problems that be-
                                                                                                                                                                                    set black Americans today are “an

21        age required to become a Penn                         The law of remedies says that a person who                                                                          outgrowth of a long history of dis-
          police officer. applicants must                       causes harm to another is obligated to repair                                                                       criminatory treatment and enslave-
                                                                any damage he or she inflicted. If a man                                                                            ment.” But, she says, racism in 2009
also possess a high school diploma or GeD.
                                                                steals from his brother, he has an obligation                                                                       is surmountable, and dwelling on it
(the Penn Police are currently hiring.)
                                                                to replace what was stolen. If a woman wrecks                                                                       doesn’t get society anywhere.
                                                                her sister’s car, she is obligated to have it re-                                                                        “There’s always going to be peo-

Number of calls annually processed directly
                                                                     But, it is not always possible for the wrong-
                                                                doer to remedy the situation. If a person is
                                                                                                                                                                                    ple who are prejudiced and people
                                                                                                                                                                                    who are biased,” she says. “There’s
                                                                                                                                                                                    always going to be people who are
by the PennComm Center, including calls for                     killed, for example, nothing will                                                                                   misogynist, or anti-Semites, or the
Walking escort services.                                        bring him or her back to life. If                                      RESEaRCH                                     like. I just think it’s not a super core
                                                                someone loses the ability to walk, it                                                                               part of ordinary life in most cases.”
                                                                cannot necessarily be restored. And in some                                                                              Wax says while evidence shows

70         Percentage of non-retail thefts at
           Penn attributed to unattended or
improperly secured items. operation theft
                                                                cases, only the victim can cure himself.
                                                                     In her new book, “Race, Wrongs, and
                                                                                                                                                                                    that, in some limited respects,
                                                                                                                                                                                    schools that are majority black are
                                                                Remedies: Group Justice in the 21st Century,”                                                                       educationally subpar to majority
awareness is an educational campaign to                         Amy Wax, the Robert Mundheim Professor                                                                              white schools, she believes the mea-
inform all members of the Penn community                        of Law at Penn, attributes the law of remedies                                                                      sured differences are “small and of
about the dangers of leaving personal items                     to the issue of race, asserting that although                                                                       uncertain or undocumented impor-
unattended.                                                     white society is responsible for some of the                                                                        tance to outcomes.” She says most
                                                                ills plaguing the black community, most of                                                                          schools are, more or less, medio-

500-plus                    Number of                           what ails black America today lies outside the                                                                      cre and black students, for a multi-
                                                                power of others to fix. It is, she says, up to                                                                      tude of reasons, lag behind even in
                                                                African Americans to help themselves.                                                                               schools that are racially integrated.
phones on campus, including more than 300
                                                                     A former assistant to the U.S. Solicitor                                                                            Wax writes that the rhetorical
Bluelight phones and more than 200 emer-                        General, Wax says she was compelled to write                                                               habit of characterizing African Americans as
gency phones located in elevators.                              the book because so many discussions about            Wax says most of what ails                           victims of poverty, crime, failing school sys-
                                                                race are unproductive. Basing her conclu-                                                                  tems and broken families ignores the truism
                                                                                                                        black america today lies
24/7              hours per day and days
                  per week that Walking es-
corts are available, from 30th to 43rd streets
                                                                sions on legal science and social studies, she
                                                                hopes to move people to start thinking differ-
                                                                ently about the role racism, discrimination,
                                                                                                                           outside the power of
                                                                                                                                                                           that people largely create their own environ-
                                                                                                                                                                           ments. “These commonly identified condi-
                                                                                                                                                                           tions are not solely, or even predominately,
and Market Street to Baltimore avenue.                          and societal obstacles play in black advance-                      others to fix.                          imposed from above,” she says. “Rather, they
                                                                ment.                                                                                                      are mostly the product of the actions and
escorts are also available from 10 a.m. until
                                                                     Self-identified as a conservative, Wax is                                                             choices of participants.”
3 a.m. between 30th and 50th streets and
                                                                aware that her book is controversial and that         ing progress,” she says. “Black educational              Wax says it is “literally impossible” for the
Spring Garden Street to Woodland avenue                         some will reject its findings because of her          underachievement is just now in a stagnant           government, or outsiders, to remedy dysfunc-
(215-898-WalK).                                                 political views. “People try to discredit your        phase. We haven’t really made any significant        tional behavior or to make good decisions for
                                                                work because you’re conservative all the              progress in the past 25, 30 years.”                  individuals. “These choices belong to persons,

                                                                time, but I think that’s just a dodge and not              Wax says her research has found that the        families and the community itself,” she says.
                                                                really confronting the arguments on their             violent crime rate among blacks is seven or              Not all African Americans are making
                                                                merits,” she says.                                    eight times that of whites. She says if issues re-   poor choices, Wax says, but the number who
                                                                     Wax says the primary obstacles facing the        garding the disintegration of the black fami-        excel is not high enough.                             African-American community include low                ly, crime and education were to be addressed             “If we’re demographers and we’re look-
                                                                educational attainment, poor socialization            by African Americans themselves, the results         ing at the picture overall, we see some pretty
              Manager of Internal                               and work habits, criminality, paternal aban-          would make “a hundred times more differ-             disturbing patterns,” she says. “We have to
               Communications                                   donment, family disarray and non-marital              ence to the fate of black Americans than all         face up to some of the gaps that are still
              Tanya BarrienTos                                  childbearing. And, she says, the problems are         of the hubbub about racism or whatever rac-          there, and how we can fix them, and we have
               Managing editor                                  only getting worse.                                   ism is supposedly there.”                            to realize it’s come to a point where we can’t
               HeaTHer a. Davis                                      “Certainly, the black family is not mak-              Wax does not deny that racism exists. She       fix them.”
                   Staff Writer
                 GreG JoHnson
                  Designer                                                                                                                                                             QuoTED RECEnTLY
               anneTTe earlinG
                   200 Sansom Place East
                     3600 Chestnut Street                       “There is a sigh of relief that the virus hasn’t mutated. Fortunately, the swine flu that we’re
                Philadelphia, PA 19104-6106
              e-mail:                   seeing still is a moderate disease that is behaving very much like ordinary seasonal influenza.”
  Penn Current is published biweekly from September through
 May and monthly in June and July by the Office of University
       Communications, University of Pennsylvania               —Neil o. Fishman, an infectious-disease specialist at Penn, on how the new strain of swine flu is
           v.P. for Communications
                  lori Doyle
                                                                behaving like a seasonal flu and not the 1918 virus, the world’s deadliest epidemic. (The New York
        Distribution is free throughout the University.         Times, Sept. 7, 2009)
PennCurrent                                                                                                                                                  September 17, 2009                        3

Facilities/From page 1
Tokyo architect Fumihiko Maki, is essentially                              STaFF Q&a
complete, ready to house staff offices, as well
as lecture and conference space. Crews are
completing work on the plaza and stairs,
upgrading them from concrete to granite.
A formal opening ceremony is planned for
                                                    Michele Grab, a former house Dean and academic
Nov. 4.
                                                    advisor in the College, is now working to recruit and
Weiss Pavilion: The $26.9 million George A.
Weiss Pavilion project is nearly halfway com-       retain women in Penn’s School of engineering and
pleted, and is on track to open in the spring
of 2010. This project includes a revamping          applied Science.
of the north side of Franklin Field, adding a
fitness center for general University use, re-
tail space and an intercollegiate strength and
weight training center for student athletes.                                                         sure everyone is on the
Penn is also constructing retail shops along        By MIKe UNGeR                                    same page. I also work with
the walkway level.                                                                                   some of the student organi-
                                                    Since becoming the inaugural director of         zations on campus.
Music Building: This project, which Dausch          Penn’s Advancing Women in Engineering
says will be ready for students, faculty and
staff by the start of the spring semester in Jan-
                                                    Program two years ago, Michele Grab’s
                                                    mission has been simple: recruit and re-         Q        How many students
                                                                                                              does it serve?
uary 2010, updates the original music build-
ing dating back to the early 1900s, and adds a
brand-new expansion onto the east side. The
                                                    tain female students in the School of En-
                                                    gineering and Applied Science.
                                                        Through dozens of initiatives geared
                                                                                                     A       About 30 percent of
                                                                                                             our undergraduate
                                                                                                     population is women. That’s
existing structure at 201 S. 34th St. has been      toward potential and current women engi-         about 500. At the graduate
gutted, except for the floorboards. Every-          neering students, the program steadily has       level, it’s 26 or 27 percent.
thing in the interior is being replaced—from        been making a difference. The School’s           We obviously don’t reach ev-

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mark Stehle
the plumbing to wall partitions, says Dausch.       Class of 2013 is 37 percent female—its           ery student every year. Last
Currently, crews are working to install drywall     highest percentage ever.                         year we did 45 programs
in the building.                                        “It’s an exciting time for engineering,”     over the course of the year.

Benjamin Franklin Walkway: This newly re-
                                                    says Grab, who was a journalism and Eng-
                                                    lish major in college. “It’s certainly a ma-
                                                                                                     We try to mix it up and do
                                                                                                     different things, providing
                                                                                                                                                     MICHELE GRAB
furbished stretch of 37th Street between            jor that, with everything that’s going on in     opportunities for people              Position: Director of the advancing Women
Walnut and Spruce pays homage to Penn’s             the economy, more people are thinking            who want them.
founder with handsome brick appointments            about. The Dean always says, ‘It’s a great                                                        in engineering Program
and famous Franklin quotes imbedded in the
walkway. Trucks will no longer unload props
                                                    time to be an engineer,’ and I think our
                                                    students are doing pretty amazing things.        Q        Why do so few women
                                                                                                              become engineers?                       Time at Penn: 5 years
and equipment for Annenberg Center per-
formers between Walnut and Locust Walk,
but instead will use the new Annenberg Pub-
                                                    It’s really fun to watch. I hope that what
                                                    we do makes that possible for a lot more
                                                    women in particular.”
                                                                                                     A       Women tend to skew
                                                                                                             more toward bio and chemical en-
                                                                                                     gineering, as do a lot of students, because
                                                                                                                                                     in the area to come for the day and hear
                                                                                                                                                     about what computer science is. That has
lic Policy Center loading dock.                         The Current chatted with Grab to find        that’s what they know in high school.           been really successful, so we’ve decided
                                                    out more about her job, the program, and         That seems to more disproportionately           that it can be more than a one-shot deal.
Horticultural Center Complex: This Morris           women in the field of engineering.               affect women rather then men.
Arboretum project is on schedule, with one
of the buildings slated for completion in the
                                                    Q         Tell me about the Advancing Women
                                                                                                         The research says that the No. 1
                                                                                                     indicator of whether anyone studies             Q        What’s your own academic
spring of 2010. Presently, crews are in the
process of installing the geothermal heating
and cooling system, a component of this Plat-       A
                                                              in Engineering Program.
                                                             On Oct. 1 it will be two years
                                                             since we started. The program
                                                                                                     engineering is if they have a parent or
                                                                                                     family member who is an engineer, or if
                                                                                                     they have a really good math or science
                                                                                                                                                     A       I am not an engineer. I actually
                                                                                                                                                             was a journalism and English ma-
                                                                                                                                                     jor in college, and I have a master’s in
inum Level LEED Certified project, which            was funded by a mechanical engineering           teacher who recognizes their talent and         education. I worked at Carnegie Mellon
meets the highest green building standards.         alumna who gave us the funds to recruit          suggests engineering to them. A lot of 17-      University on gender-related programs.
The building will also boast a green roof and       and retain women in engineering. That is         or 18-year-olds don’t know what engineer-       I came to Penn five years ago as a House
a water conservation system that captures           our very broad charge.                           ing is. It’s one of the very few majors you     Dean in Stouffer College House. I also
and reuses rainwater.                                    We do a number of different pro-            have to decide on before you get here.          was an academic advisor in the College of
                                                    grams to recruit and retain students. We         It’s a special kind of kid that makes that      Arts and Sciences.
Other campus refurbishments: Papageorge             have outreach programs geared toward             decision early on.
says crews have completed renovations in
half of Rodin College House, and all of Du
Bois. Major work in Du Bois included replac-
                                                    little kids. Penn GEMS is a weeklong
                                                    middle school camp. They come to cam-
                                                    pus and do different engineering labs.
                                                                                                         The second reason women tend to
                                                                                                     come to engineering is because of what
                                                                                                     they can do with it—the end goal. They
                                                                                                                                                     Q         What did your role as a House Dean
                                                                                                                                                               entail? Did you enjoy working closely
                                                                                                                                                     with students?
ing single-pane windows with energy-efficient
double-pane glass. Penn’s School of Social
Policy and Practice also boasts a new Locust
                                                    The whole idea is to show them what en-
                                                    gineering is like so hopefully they’ll want
                                                    to study more math and science and get
                                                                                                     want to make prosthetic limbs or want to
                                                                                                     work on a water filtration system. Men tend
                                                                                                     to come to engineering because they like
                                                                                                                                                     A        You are in charge of the staff for
                                                                                                                                                              the building. You do programs and
                                                                                                                                                     events for the students. You do judicial
Walk entrance for the Caster Building, and          into engineering. We’d love it if they’d         to take stuff apart and put it back together.   sanctions when needed. You’re all things
several labs in the Chemistry Building were         come to Penn.                                    They come to the end goal later on.             to all people. With the students, you do
improved to meet updated ventilation codes               We’ve done things with the Girl                 If you liked to take toasters apart as a    everything from scolding them to hold-
and new design standards.                           Scouts, and we’ve gone to middle school          10-year-old, someone might say to you,          ing their hands when they get hurt.
                                                    career days. We also do things with stu-         ‘Hey, you should be an engineer.’ Maybe             I lived in the building. It’s a really nice
In the pipeline: The next major building            dents who are thinking about coming              if you’re just good at math and science         community of students committed to the
project—aside from Penn Park—is the de-             here. I will meet with them while they’re        no one suggests that to you.                    house and passionate about participating
molition of Pepper Hall at Penn Law School.         on campus, thinking about whether they                                                           in programs. The students always made it
This building is to be replaced with a new,
taller, multi-purpose building with space for
faculty and administrative offices, classrooms,
                                                    should come to Penn.
                                                         Our first big program of the year is a
                                                    pre-orientation for Penn students. Ours
                                                                                                     Q       What would you consider a success?
                                                                                                             If 50 percent of engineering students
                                                                                                     were women?
                                                                                                                                                     interesting to live there. When a student
                                                                                                                                                     is chatting with you in their pajamas at
                                                                                                                                                     two in the morning, that’s a different
research centers and student organizations.         is for incoming women. This year we had
                                                    51 students who moved in four days early.
                                                    They did everything from meeting with
                                                                                                     A      If I had all the answers I could
                                                                                                            probably be a rich lady. Thirty per-
                                                                                                     cent is not a bad number; the national av-
                                                                                                                                                     relationship than meeting with them in
                                                                                                                                                     an office. Students feel comfortable shar-
                                                                                                                                                     ing areas of their lives with you. It’s very
                                                    professors, alums and current students,          erage is 20 percent. But we could always        unique and special.
                                                    to getting to know each other. The idea          do more. I don’t know what the magic
                                                    being that we want to create a community
                                                    among these women.
                                                                                                     number is. While 50 percent is nice, I
                                                                                                     don’t know that we’ll see that number.          Q        Are you a scientific or numbers per-
                                                         We also do things throughout the
                                                    year for our current students. Some of it
                                                    is social. There are departments within          Q      The program just received a $15,000
                                                                                                            grant from the National Center for
                                                                                                                                                     A       I could have never been an engi-
                                                                                                                                                             neer. I am somewhat in awe of the
                                                                                                                                                     students I work with. It’s just different
                                                    engineering that have lots of women. Bio-        Women & Information Technology. What will       sides of the brain. In my job I think it’s
                                                    engineering is nearly 50 percent women,          that money be used for?                         important for me to understand what it is

   visit the “latest News” section
      of the Current website for
                                                    whereas mechanical has 17 or 18 percent
                                                    women. There’s a large disparity.                A      To do a program for guidance
                                                                                                            counselors and math teachers in
                                                                                                     high schools, helping them to be more
                                                                                                                                                     they do, and the challenges they face, so
                                                                                                                                                     I can be helpful to them. I spend a lot of
                                                                                                                                                     time learning about the different majors
   timely news and feature stories
     about the Penn community:                      Q      What is your role as its director?        encouraging about computer science.
                                                                                                     For the last couple years, the Computer
                                                                                                                                                     and curriculums. My boss always says if I
                                                                                                                                                     don’t understand it, some 17-year-old kid
                                                    A      My role is to coordinate all the dif-
                                                           ferent interests. It’s a faculty, staff
                                                    and student initiative, so we want to make
                                                                                                     Science Department independently has
                                                                                                     sponsored Women in Computer Science
                                                                                                     Day. They’ve invited high school students
                                                                                                                                                     is not going to understand it. It’s always
                                                                                                                                                     an education for me to figure out what it
                                                                                                                                                     is that all my students are studying.
4      September 17, 2009                                                                                                                                                                PennCurrent

                                                                                           BUTTERFLY EFFECT: In Magical Mi-
                                                                                           grating Monarchs, habitat educator
                                                                                           Judith levicoff acquaints patrons with
                                                                                           the habits of butterflies and describes
                                                                                           their migrating patterns. 1 to 3 p.m. at
                                                                                           Morris arboretum, 100 e. Northwest-
                                                                                           ern ave. Info: 215-247-5777 or www.
                                                                                  $15; $12 for
              Sept. 17-Oct. 1                                                              members.

THuRSDaY, SEPT. 17                                                                         eXhIBItS
                                                                                           FORMER YUGOSLAVIA: attend the
eXhIBItS                                        QUEEN OF SALSA: Film @ Interna-            opening reception for “Political Speech
THIRTYSOMETHING: view “Con-                     tional house presents Joe Cardona          is Suprematism,” an architectural exhi-
sequential,” an exhibition of works             and Mario de varona’s “Celia, the          bition about the changing history of the
by more than 30 PennDesign faculty              Queen.” this documentary pays trib-        Meštrovi pavilion in Zagreb, Croatia,
members. 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at Charles           ute to the work of salsa legend Celia      and the cultural practices that it has
addams Fine arts Gallery, 200 S. 36th           Cruz. 7 p.m. at International house,       inspired. 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. at Slought
St. Info: 215-898-8415 or email Pernot          3701 Chestnut St. Info: 215-387-5125 or    Foundation, 4017 Walnut St. Info: 215-
hudson at    Free admission I-    701-4627 or exhibit
exhibit runs through oct. 16.                   house members above Internationalist       on display through Nov. 14.
                                                level; $5 Internationalists; $6 students
BOOKMAN: attend the opening recep-              and seniors; $30 general admission.        SPoRtS
tion for “Werner Pfeiffer (censor, villain,     Proceeds benefit artistas y Musicos
provocateur, experimenter): Book-objects        latino americanos.                         FOOTBALL: Penn vs. villanova. 7 p.m.
& artist Books.” this exhibition com-                                                      at Franklin Field. Info: www.pennathlet-
ments on the place and role of the book         MUSIC                            
in the 21st century. 5:30 p.m. at Kamin
Gallery, 1st floor, van Pelt-Dietrich library   MUSIC IS HIS FORTÉ: John Forté,            MUSIC
Center, 3420 Walnut St. Info: 800-390-          a Grammy-nominated singer, song-
1829 or email          writer and producer, is a classically-     JAZZMATAZZ: one of the world’s
exhibit on display through Feb. 12.             trained violinist who is known both        foremost jazz vocalists, Jane Monheit
                                                for his work with the multi-platinum       performs highlights from her newest
                                                group the Fugees and his solo ef-          album, The Lovers, The Dreamers, and
SPeCIal eveNtS
BOTTOMS UP: the Philadelphia Mu-
                                                forts. 11 p.m. at World Cafe live. Info:
                                                215-222-1400 or www.worldcafelive.
                                                                                           Me. 8 p.m. at Zellerbach theatre, 3680
                                                                                           Walnut St. Info: 215-898-6701 or www.          FORMER YUGOSLAVIA The architect
ral arts Program and World Cafe live            com. $13-$15.                     $20-$45.                     matism,” about the changing history of the Meštrovi pavilion in Zagreb, Croa
present “a Philadelphia ale & arts ad-                                                                                                    on Sept. 19. For more information, call 215-701-4627 or visit www.slought.o
venture.” this event includes a trolley         SaTuRDaY, SEPT. 19                         SunDaY, SEPT. 20
tour of Philadelphia’s world-renowned
murals and a visit to Philadelphia’s own        SPeCIal eveNtS                             SPeCIal eveNtS                              MEN’S SOCCER: Penn vs. Navy. 2:30          Nathans, the Ronald S. lauder en-
yards Brewing Company. 5 p.m. at                                                                                                       p.m. at Rhodes Field. Info: www.pen-       dowed term associate Professor of his-
World Cafe live, 3025 Walnut St. Info:          ROSH HASHANAH: Jewish New year.            ROSH HASHANAH: Jewish New year.                               tory at Penn, discusses “Soviet Rights-
215-222-1400 or www.worldcafelive.                                                                                                                                                talk in the Post-Stalin era” as part of
                                                GO DOWN MOSES: attend the sym-
com. $30. Must be 21 or older.                                                             HER MAJESTY’S ART: like the im-             MUSIC                                      the annenberg Seminar in history
                                                posium “ancient abydos: From egypt’s       pressionist painters of the 19th century,                                              Series. 4:30 p.m. in the history lounge,
UNIVERSITY REVIEW: attend a launch              First Pharaohs to its last Pyramid.”       step into nature’s majesty and paint        WITH OR WITHOUT YOU: earl Pick-            College hall 209, levy Park. Info: Con-
party for the Penn Review, a campus             Speakers include David o’Connor, co-       outdoors. artist allison Zito examines      ens & Family perform their alt-country/    tact antonio Feros at 215-573-9241 or
magazine publishing poetry, fiction and         director of the Penn-yale-IFa expedi-      the work of various artists for ideas       acoustic interpretation of the classic     email
creative nonfiction. 7 p.m. at Kelly Writers    tion to abydos. 9:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.     and inspiration. 1 to 3 p.m. at Morris      U2 album The Joshua Tree. 8 p.m. at
house, 3805 locust Walk. Info: 215-746-         at Penn Museum, 3260 South St. Info:       arboretum. Info: 215-247-5777 or www.       World Cafe live. Info: 215-222-1400 or     CIVIL SOCIETY: arye edrei, the Gruss
PoeM or email             215-898-4001 or  Members: $30; $7.                 visiting Professor of talmudic Civil law
                                                advance registration: $15 general          non-members: $35.                                                                      at Penn law School, discusses “Defin-
                                                admission; $5 Museum members; free                                                                                                ing Community in an era of National-
FRiDaY, SEPT. 18                                                                                                                       monDaY, SEPT. 21
                                                for aRCe-Pa members and PennCard           SPoRtS                                                                                 ism: Who Is In and Who is out
                                                holders. at-the-door registration: $20
SPoRtS                                                                                                                                 talKS                                      in the eyes of the law?,”
                                                general admission; $10 Museum mem-         WOMEN’S SOCCER: Penn vs.                                                               part of the Caroline
FIELD HOCKEY: Penn vs. Cornell. 5               bers; $5 for aRCe- Pa members and          Georgetown. Noon at Rhodes Field,           MILES AHEAD: Miles P. Davenport,           Zelaznik Gruss
p.m. at Franklin Field, 33rd and South          PennCard holders.                          University ave. at the Schuylkill River.    an associate professor at the Centre       and Joseph S.
streets. Info:           FoR the KIDS                               Info:                for vascular Research at the University    Gruss lec-
                                                                                                                                       of New South Wales, australia, dis-        tures in
                                                                                                                                       cusses “D8 t cells in chronic viral in-
                                                                                                                                       fection” as part of the Penn Center for
                                                                                                                                       aIDS Research Seminar Series. Noon

EDITOR’S PICK: Midas touch                                                                                                             to 1 p.m. at BRB II/III, 421 Curie Blvd.
                                                                                                                                       Info: 215-573-7354 or email evelyn P.
                                                                                                                                       olivieri at

                                                                                                                                       CASINO-FREE: For the Penn IUR              talmudic
                                                                                                                                       Public Interest Series, Peter hendee       Civil law.
                                                                                                                                       Brown discusses his book, “america’s       5:30 p.m.
                                                                                                                                       Waterfront Revival, Port authorities       at Penn law School, 3400 Chestnut St.,
                                                                                                                                       and Urban Redevelopment,” an ex-           Silverman 245a. Info: Contact Gen-
The Penn Museum exhibit, “His Golden Touch: The Gor-
                                                                                                                                       amination of the role of the nation’s      evieve Cattanea at 215-898-9425 or
dion Drawings of Piet de Jong,” pays tribute to the famous
                                                                                                                                       industrial-era port authorities in         email Part II
illustrator and his work at the historic Gordion site in cen-
                                                                                                                                       shaping today’s cities. 6 p.m. at Phila-   of the lecture occurs on Sept. 29.
tral Turkey.                                                                                                                           delphia Center for architecture, 1218
    Gordion, one of the most important archaeological                                                                                  arch St. Info: email penniur@pobox.        MAN OF WAR: Gari Carter’s
sites in the Near East, was a major population center in                                                                                                      book,“troubled State: Civil War
the first half of the first millennium BCE. Its fabled King                                                                                                                       Journals of Franklin archibald Dick,”
Midas, in myth cursed with donkey ears and the “golden                                                                                                                            depicts the recently discovered Civil
                                                                                                                                       TuESDaY, SEPT. 22
touch,” was actually a real-life figure. It was here too that                                                                                                                     War journals of the 1842 Penn alum-
Alexander the Great was said to have cut the famous Gord-                                                                              SPeCIal eveNtS                             nus who acted as advisor for lincoln,
ian Knot.                                                                                                                                                                         Grant and other important Civil War
    De Jong spent the summer of 1957 working at Gordion                                                                                EARLY DETECTION: Pennsylvania              political figures. 6 to 7 p.m. at Penn
at the invitation of excavation director Rodney Young, and                                                                             hospital is offering free prostate can-    Bookstore, 3601 Walnut St. Info:
created a series of watercolors reconstructing wall paint-                                                                             cer screenings for men between the         215-898-7595 or
ings from a previously uncovered “Painted House,” ca. 500                                                                              ages of 40 and 75. Screenings consist      bookstore.
BCE.                                                                                                                                   of a digital rectal examination and
    More than 35 of de Jong’s original watercolors and sev-                                                                            prostate-specific antigen blood test. 4    ReaDINGS
eral drawings form the core of the exhibit. It also includes                                                                           to 7 p.m. at Joan Karnell Cancer Cen-
                                                                                                                                       ter, Farm Journal Building, 2nd Floor,     BOOK OF RHYMES: a poetry read-
his artistic tools, a small selection of objects from the Penn
                                                                                                                                       230 West Washington Square. Info:          ing by Kathleen Fraser. her 16 books
Museum’s excavations at Gordion, along with reproduc-                                                                                                                             of poems include “Discreet Categories
                                                                                                                                       to make a reservation, call 800-789-
tions of several artifacts from tombs at the site and excerpts                                                                                                                    Forced Into Coupling,” and the col-
                                                                                                                                       PeNN. appointments are necessary.
from two rare color films made at the site in the 1950s.                                                                                                                          laged text, “hi dde violeth i dde violet.”
    The exhibit is on display from Sept. 26 through Jan.                                                                               talKS                                      6 p.m. at Kelly Writers house. Info:
10, 2010. For more information, call 215-898-4001 or visit                                                                                                                        215-746-PoeM or email wh@writing.                                                                                                                       BEN IN COLLEGE HALL: Benjamin    
          PennCurrent                                                                                                                                                                             September 17, 2009                         5

                                                       HER STORY: In conjunction with the                                                         WEST PHILLY 101: In conjunction
                                                       exhibit, “West Philadelphia: Building a
                                                                                                     FoR the KIDS                                 with the exhibit, “West Philadelphia:
                                                       Community,” Kim Sajet, president and          DREAM A LITTLE DREAM: the                    Building a Community,” Walter licht, a           FIELD HOCKEY: Penn vs. lafayette.
                                                       Ceo of the historical Society of Penn-        Dream Jam Band is a group of multi-          Penn history professor, and Mark lloyd,          7:15 p.m. at Franklin Field. Info: www.
                                                       sylvania, discusses “lights & Shades:         talented musicians and songwriters           director of the University archives and
                                                       William Birch’s legacy to David Ken-          who came together to make great mu-          Records Center at Penn, discuss the
                                                       nedy.” 6 p.m. at the historical Society       sic for children. their eponymous de-        West Philadelphia Community history
                                                       of Pennsylvania, 1300 locust St. Info:                                                     Center. 5:30 p.m. at arthur Ross Gallery,        THuRSDaY, oCT. 1
                                                                                                     but album garnered immediate heavy
                                                       215-898-2083 or                                                         220 South 34th St. Info: 215-898-2083 or
                                                                                                     airplay on children’s music shows
                                                                                                     throughout the country. 11:30 a.m. at
                                                       CAPITALIZED MEDICINE: Sabrina                 World Cafe live. Info: 215-222-1400                                                           HISTORY BUFF: the applebaum
                                                       McCormick, formally the Robert Wood           or adults:            THE COBB REPORT: at the lecture,                 Publishers and editors Series presents
                                                       Johnson health and Society Scholar at         $10; children 1-12: $7; free for children    “there Goes the Neighborhood: a                  “a Conversation With editor lewis
                                                       Penn, discusses her book, “No Family          under 1.                                     Muslim Castle in an age of Crusades,”            lapham,” the founder and editor of
                                                       history,” which presents the unknown                                                       Paul M. Cobb, associate professor of             Lapham’s Quarterly, a newly launched,
                                                       side of the breast cancer debate, aim-                                                     Islamic history in the Department of Near
                                                       ing to show how profits drive our public
                                                                                                     SPeCIal eveNtS                               eastern languages and Civilizations at
                                                                                                                                                                                                   award-winning journal of history and
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ideas. 6 p.m. at Writers house. Info:
                                                       focus on the cure rather than prevention.     TURKEY DAY: at “World Culture Day:           Penn, explores how one medieval Mus-             215-746-PoeM or email wh@writing.
                                                       6 to 7 p.m. at Penn Bookstore. Info: 215-     turkish Delight!,” visitors are invited to   lim family responded to the crusades and
                                                       898-7595 or          celebrate the opening of “his Golden         adapted to the changing currents of their
                                                                                                                                                  day. 6 to 7:30 p.m. at Penn Museum. Info:
                                                                                                     touch: the Gordion Drawings of Piet                                                           MUSIC
                                                       SPoRtS                                        de Jong,” with a wider look at the cul-      215-898-4001 or
                                                                                                     ture of turkey. 1 to 4 p.m. at Penn Mu-                                                       CALL TYRONE: tyrone Wells has de-
                                                       FIELD HOCKEY: Penn vs. villanova.             seum. Info: 215-898-4001 or www.penn.        INVASION OF THE PRIVACY                          livered an epic pop-rock album with his
                                                       7:15 p.m. at Franklin Field. Info: www.       museum. Free with Museum admission           SNATCHERS: In his newest book,                   second major label effort, Remain. Pur-
                                                                         donation.                                    “New New Media,” Paul levinson                   suing a more collaborative process and
                                                                                                                                                  details the benefits, opportunities and          having added a more lush production
                                                                                                                                                  dangers of current media outlets—such
                                                       THuRSDaY, SEPT. 24                            MUSIC                                                                                         to his singer–songwriter roots, Wells
                                                                                                                                                  as twitter, youtube and Facebook—                has produced an album that serves as a
                                                       eXhIBItS                                      STRAIGHT A’S: abby ahmad’s mu-               and their cultural effects. 7:30 to 8:30         great showcase for his voice. 7:30 p.m.
                                                                                                     sic is as passionate as it is profound.      p.m. at Penn Bookstore. Info: 215-898-           at World Cafe live. Info: 215-222-1400
                                                       DIEZ AñOS: la Casa latina, the Cen-           Bridging genres of folk-rock, blues and      7595 or                 or $17.
                                                       ter for hispanic excellence at Penn,          alternative, her percussive guitar style
                                                       celebrates its 10th anniversary with a        and arresting vocals captivate and chal-     ReaDINGS
                                                       photo exhibit highlighting a decade of        lenge her audiences. 8 p.m. at World
                                                                                                                                                  THE HOFF: a poetry reading by Daniel

                                                                                                                                                                                                    tell us
                                                       serving Penn’s latino Students. 5 to 9        Cafe live. Info: 215-222-1400 or www.
                                                       p.m. at Claudia Cohen hall, 249 South $6.                       hoffman, who taught at Penn for 26
tural exhibit “Political Speech is Supre-                                                                                                         years, heading the Writing Program

                                                       36th St. Info: 215-746-6045 or www.
atia, opens at the Slought Foundation                                                                             and giving seminars in modern poets
                                                                                                     SunDaY, SEPT. 27
org.                                                                                                                                              and american literature. 6 p.m. at Kelly
                                                       talKS                                         MUSIC                                        Writers house. Info: 215-746-PoeM or
                                                                                                                                                                                                    If you have an event that may be
                                                                                                                                                  email                       of interest to the University of
                                                       GUODIAN TRIP: Penn alumnus Ken                                                                                                               Pennsylvania community, we want
          SPeCIal eveNtS                                                                             WORLD CAFE UNPLUGGED: the
                                                       holloway discusses his book, “Guodian:        quartet oNe is influenced by the classi-     SPeCIal eveNtS                                    to hear about it. Send your
                                                       the Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese         cal and folk traditions of India, and fea-                                                     announcements to:
          NATURE IN MY BACKYARD: “Back-
                                                       Religious and Political Philosophy.” the      tures sitar, sarod, tabla, guitar, djembe,   FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS: Former
          yard ecology:
                                                                       discovery of the “Guo-                                                     Philadelphia-based artist Michael Bell-           What’s on
                                                                                                     dumbek, kanjira and drumkit. 6 p.m. at
                                                                                    dian” texts,                                                  Smith returns to host the annual open             the Penn Current
                                                                                                     World Cafe live. Info: 215-222-1400 or                                                         200 Sansom Place east
                                                                                        together $13.                  video Call, an evening of work by area art-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    3600 Chestnut Street
                                                                                           with                                                   ists and filmmakers juried by local curators.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Philadelphia, Pa 19104-6106
                                                                                                                                                  Finalists are announced and will have their
                                                                                                     monDaY, SEPT. 28                             work exhibited during the winter 2010             or e-mail them to
                                                                                                                                                  exhibition program. 7 p.m. at Institute of
                                                                                                     SPeCIal eveNtS                               Contemporary art, 118 S. 36th St. Info:
                                                . 18                                                                                                                                                Deadline is two weeks prior to
                                             EPT                                                                                                  215-898-7108 or
                                         Y, S                                                        YOM KIPPUR: Day of atonement.                                                                  issue date.
                                                                               other recently dis-   TuESDaY, SEPT. 29

                                                       covered Warring States manuscripts, has

                                             audu-     revolutionized the study of early Chinese

                                     bon orienta-

                                                       intellectual history. 6 to 7 p.m. at Penn     CIVIL SOCIETY: See tuesday, Sept.

                              tion” explores the       Bookstore. Info: 215-898-7595 or www.         22. today: Part II begins at 5:30 p.m.
                         deep-rooted relation-

                                                                       at Penn law School, Silverman 245a.
                      ships of soil, plants and

                                                                                                     Info: Contact Genevieve Cattanea at

                   wildlife, and explains how to
                                                       FRiDaY, SEPT. 25                              215-898-9425 or email gcattane@law.

                  reintroduce natural systems

                 onto private property. 7 to 9
      S                                                SPeCIal eveNtS

    RO           p.m. at Morris arboretum. Info:
                                                                                                     22 BLOCKS: In conjunction with the
               215-247-5777 or www.morrisar-           NIGHT AT THE MUSEUM: Children                 exhibit, “West Philadelphia: Building
   Members: $25; non-            ages 6 to 12 and their parents/chaperones     a Community,” Penn alumnus Robert
          members: $30.                                can take an overnight “expedition” at “40     Skaler discusses his book, “Images of
                                                       Winks with the Sphinx.” the night’s activi-   america, West Philadelphia: University
          WEDnESDaY, SEPT. 23                          ties are geared to take intrepid explorers    City to 52nd Street.” 6 to 7 p.m. at
                                                       on a journey through time and across con-     Penn Bookstore. Info: 215-898-7595 or
          talKS                                        tinents. 6 p.m. to 9 a.m. at Penn Museum.
                                                       Info: 215-898-4001 or
          QUOTE UNQUOTE: For the 60-Sec-               $50 per person (adults and children); $45     ROGER & US: Roger Cohen, an op-ed
          ond lecture, angela Duckworth, an as-        for Museum members.                           columnist for The New York Times, dis-
          sistant professor of psychology at Penn,
                                                                                                     cusses the Iran elections with Firoozeh
          discusses “Why achievement Isn’t ‘Nor-
                                                       SPoRtS                                        Kashani-Sabet, an associate professor
          mal.’” 11:55 a.m. at Stiteler Plaza, 37th
                                                                                                     of history at Penn, and Monroe Price,
          St. and locust Walk. Info: 215-898-5262      SPRINT FOOTBALL: Penn vs. Prince-             director of the Center for Global Com-
          or                        ton. 7 p.m. at Franklin Field. Info: www.     munication Studies at the annenberg
                                                                         School for Communication. 7 p.m. at
                                                                                                     aRCh Crest auditorium, 3601 locust
          Penn law alumnus John Peter Suarez,
                                                       MUSIC                                         Walk. Info: 215-898-6335 or www.mec.
          senior vice president and general coun-
          sel of Wal-Mart, speaks at a law and         JORDAN RULES: though perhaps
          entrepreneurship lecture. 4 to 7 p.m. at     best known as an actress on the hit tv
          Penn law School, S245a. Info: 215-573-       series “law & order” and “Crossing            WEDnESDaY, SEPT. 30
          8151 or                   Jordan,” Jill hennessy began her ca-
                                                       reer as a musician. Inspired by personal
          GAME POINT: For the Penn humani-             experiences, the songs on Ghost In My         TICK TOCK: For the 60-Second lec-
          ties Forum on Connections, Michael           Head are direct, honest and spectral. 8       ture, Philippe Bourgois, the Richard
          Kearns, a computer scientist and expert      p.m. at World Cafe live. Info: 215-222-       Perry University Professor of anthropol-

                                                                                                                                                      CAPITALIZED MEDICINE
          on machine learning and game theory          1400 or $13.           ogy and Family Medicine and Commu-
          at Penn, discusses “Social Networks
                                                                                                     nity health at Penn, discusses “anthro-
          and Strategic Behavior.” 5 to 6:30 p.m.
          at Penn Museum, harrison auditorium.
                                                       SaTuRDaY, SEPT. 26                            pology and Globalization: an Urgent
                                                                                                                                                      Sabrina McCormick discusses her book “No Family History” on Sept. 23 at 7
                                                                                                     Challenge and Responsibility.” 11:55
          Info: 215-573-8280 or www.humanities.
                                                       eXhIBItS                                      a.m. at Stiteler Plaza. Info: 215-898-5262       p.m. at the Penn Bookstore. For more information, call 215-898-7595 or visit
                                                       MIDAS TOUCH: See “editor’s Pick.”
6     September 17, 2009                                                                                                                                                                    PennCurrent

         Q&a/CYnTHia ConnoLLY
           Continued from page 1

    “how do we decide ...
    what’s in the best interest
    of children?”
    defined as a disease of dirt and bad hygiene.”    desperately tried to get it. There were pro-
        Her current project focuses on the his-       posals in the Nixon administration that
    tory of children and pharmaceuticals, par-        would certainly today be considered left
    ticularly after World War II. Presently, she      of where President Obama is. And when
    is studying the history of pharmaceutical         you look through a lot of the arguments
    advertising to women and children—from            against them, sometimes the language is
    the opium-laced “soothing syrups” popular         different because it’s in a 1930s syntax,
    in the late 19th and early 20th centuries,        but the arguments so often are the same.
    to today’s direct-to-consumer marketing of        That is, fear of government intrusion into
    specific drugs.                                   our lives and fear of socialism that will
        Connolly sat down with the Current to         result in lack of choice.
    discuss her research, her experience work-            I do feel as though we are closer than
    ing on Capitol Hill for the late Sen. Paul        we were in the Clinton administration to
    Wellstone (D-MN) and the recent health            making something happen, and I do be-
    care debate.                                      lieve there will be some change.

    Q        Not too many faculty members have
             Capitol Hill experience on their resu-
    més. How did you end up working for the late
                                                      Q        As a pediatric nurse practitioner, how
                                                               do you see kids’ needs factoring in the
                                                      health care debate?
    Sen. Wellstone?

    A       I’d love to tell you that they called     A       There are many children who have
                                                              no health insurance or are under-
                                                                                                         Candace diCarlo

            me, but that would be a complete          insured. A question that is at the heart of
    lie! I was doing my post-doc at Columbia,         my research is: How do we decide as an
    at the School of Public Health, and my            American society what’s in the best inter-
    original plan had been to continue my             est of children? That’s an important ques-
    research and take some policy courses,            tion to ask because most policy is driven
    and I got there and I thought, ‘You know          by, or at least acknowledges, historical
    what, I’ve taken so many courses in my            precedent. Aid to families with dependent                        20th century, although the institutions           were urged to give them for everything
    life, what I really need to do is go take a       children, or welfare, wasn’t invented in                         were flawed, they made a lot of sense.            from teething or getting the kid to sleep
    policy clinical.’ Before I could lose my          1935. It was built on local and statewide                        There was no cure for TB. There were a            at night so the mother could work outside
    nerve, I wrote a letter to the senator I          programs that evolved in the 1910s and                           lot of infected people.                           the home, or in a crowded tenement and
    most admired, Paul Wellstone of Min-              1920s called Mothers Pensions for De-                                The advent of antibiotics happened            the baby was screaming and driving your
    nesota. Basically what I said is, I’d really      serving Women. The formulas and the                              during the 1940s, but many of these insti-        neighbors crazy.
    like to come down and trade my labor              set of principles that underpinned those                         tutions struggled to stay open in the 40s,            By the late 19th century, physicians
    working on whatever you think would be            programs were really lifted into the Social                      50s and 60s and at that point, they were, I       and nurses were taking the lead against
    useful to your office.                            Security Act. We tend to incrementally                           argue, acting in their own best interests.        these substances. The legislation that led
        Although I didn’t have Capitol Hill           modify programs, looking back at what                                The whole story captivated me because         to the FDA surrounded these opium-laced
    experience, I had lots of experience as a         we’ve done in the past for ideas for what                        parents were really pressured to give their       syrups, because until 1906, you didn’t
    clinician and as a historian, so I could talk     we should do in the future.                                      kids over to these institutions. When you         have to say what was in your product.
    about health care today and in the 21st                                                                            tell someone they’re being selfish, and
    century as well as in the 19th and 20th.
        It was just so much fun. I went every-        Q       Talk a bit about your 2008 book,
                                                              “Saving Sickly Children,” which
                                                                                                                       not doing right by their child, people will
                                                                                                                       pretty much do anything.                          Q       How were these drugs marketed to
                                                                                                                                                                                 parents, and specifically, mothers?
    where it said ‘Staff Only’ because I knew
    this would be my only opportunity.
                                                      illuminated the history of the tuberculosis
                                                                                                                       Q        You’re involved in a project exploring   A      From my limited research thus far,
                                                                                                                                                                                you find very little marketed to fa-

    Q        What did you learn while working on
             Capitol Hill?
                                                      A      A test [to determine if children had
                                                             TB] really set in motion the idea
                                                      that poor children were more at risk, par-
                                                                                                                                how pharmaceuticals have shaped pe-
                                                                                                                       diatric medicine and practice over the years.
                                                                                                                       Can you talk about advertising pharmaceuti-
                                                                                                                                                                         thers. Most of the marketing is to mothers
                                                                                                                                                                         and it’s freighted in language like, ‘Why
                                                                                                                                                                         would you not want your child to not

    A       It’s a place steeped in history. You
            walk around the Capitol, the Sen-
    ate buildings, you feel as though you’re
                                                      ticularly children who lived in crowded
                                                      quarters who didn’t get enough to eat,
                                                      and that it would be important to get chil-
                                                                                                                       cals to mothers?

                                                                                                                       A       The advertising piece intrigued me
                                                                                                                               because the FDA in 2007 and 2008
                                                                                                                                                                         scream while teething?’ We as a society
                                                                                                                                                                         haven’t traditionally talked about what
                                                                                                                                                                         makes a good father versus a bad father,
    in a living museum, but it is also the most       dren out to the country, away from the                           had a series of hearings about over-the-          whereas being a good mother has a moral
    ahistorical place I have ever seen. When          source of infection.                                             counter use of cough and cold syrups and          aspect, and engaging in certain practices
    people thought historically, they really              There was a conflation with the early                        ended up recommending them, saying                and not engaging in other practices.
    thought about the previous Congress.              20th century Americanization move-                               they should be used very cautiously in
        As a nurse, I am a historian and re-
    searcher. I was able to bring a real world
    perspective to the debate that I was told
                                                      ment. What those reformers thought
                                                      was, in addition to having [the children]
                                                      outside, we’ll have them eat roast beef
                                                                                                                       children under the age of 6 and not at
                                                                                                                       all in children under the age of 2. These
                                                                                                                       were drugs that had been marketed for
                                                                                                                                                                         Q        Have children always been medicat-
                                                                                                                                                                                  ed? It seems as though there’s growing
                                                                                                                                                                         concern about how children today are given
    was really valued.                                and potatoes and not Polish sausage and                          years, and people were panicked and an-           too many medications.
        That has made me passionate that we
    need more nurses on Capitol Hill. We
    need more health care providers of all
                                                      pasta. We’ll teach them how to set a nice
                                                      table. We’ll certainly teach them how to
                                                      say the Pledge of Allegiance, and the im-
                                                                                                                       gry. When the media discussed the issue,
                                                                                                                       it was all about the greedy drug compa-
                                                                                                                       nies, and incompetent, bungling federal
                                                                                                                                                                         A       There have been some studies
                                                                                                                                                                                 lately talking about the growing
                                                                                                                                                                         use of pharmaceuticals in children and
    kinds, and that’s something that I hope to        portance of being a good American and                            regulators, helicopter parents, and physi-        is that a bad thing or a good thing, and
    do over the course of my career.                  it was hoped that kids would stay and get                        cians and nurses who were just interested         the issue is presented as a new problem.
                                                      healthy and go back to their homes and                           in medicalizing childhood.                        Historically, kids have always been medi-

    Q       What do you make of the current
            health care debate?
                                                      be these little missionaries and reform
                                                      their families.
                                                                                                                           I thought it would be interesting to
                                                                                                                       look at it taking a long view. In 1951, all
                                                                                                                                                                         cated. Back in classical antiquity, there
                                                                                                                                                                         are substances being given to children,

    A      I have been very discouraged over
           the course of the past month.
    When you look back, there was an at-              Q       Did preventoriums work?
                                                                                                                       drugs were cleaved into prescription and
                                                                                                                       non-prescription. From the 1950s to the
                                                                                                                       1990s, most drug company advertise-
                                                                                                                                                                         and certainly reading childrearing texts
                                                                                                                                                                         and medical texts from the 18th century
                                                                                                                                                                         you will see widespread use of medica-
    tempt to do government-sponsored
    health insurance, at least at the local level,
    in New York State in 1917, and as part of
                                                      A     There’s no way to really know that
                                                            because some of the children never
                                                      went on to have TB, but would they have
                                                                                                                       ments were to the physicians, but before
                                                                                                                       that and since then, most advertising was
                                                                                                                       to the consumer.
                                                                                                                                                                         tions in kids.
                                                                                                                                                                             It has been the case for years. But
                                                                                                                                                                         there is an escalating use of psychotropic
    the Social Security Act. FDR really wanted        gotten TB anyway? We don’t know. In my                               Soothing syrups were opiate-laced syr-        drugs in children and I do plan on ex-
    it, and in the late 1940s Harry Truman            book, I say that in the early decades of the                     ups first imported from England. Parents          ploring that further.
PennCurrent                                                                                                                                                           September 17, 2009                         7

Politics/From page 1
confusion in U.S. politics.” That sounds like
quite a daunting task.
A. Well, there are seven people including
myself. … We’ve expanded the offerings on
the web site quite a bit since 2004. Initially
we started with two, so that was tough; it was
like living over the store. Since then we’ve
added a feature called “Ask FactCheck.” We
                                                         Big picture
got so many questions from people—partic-                Yuliya Bilan, a junior in the School of Nursing, peruses
ularly about these bogus e-mails people love             the poster sale outside the Penn Bookstore.
to forward. We now have the “FactCheck
Wire” which is a venue for shorter items,
more like a blog. We’ve got an educational
offshoot— After the last
election, we discovered that about 10 per-
cent of users who responded to our survey
were teachers. A lot of them were using this
stuff in class—a whole audience I hadn’t set
out to target found us. We try to help teach-
ers help kids learn to do this stuff on their
own and not be so easily fooled by all the
deception they’re subjected to.

Q. Are you finding that a lot of nonpolitical
people are tuning in?
A. Absolutely. The initial surprise to me
back in 2004 was how many ordinary citi-
zens were interested and really hungry for
this type of information, which they were
not getting from mainstream news outlets.
The mainstream news media organiza-
tions need to do this sort of thing. They
ought to be ashamed that we even exist.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mark Stehle
Why should it be the job of an Ivy League
think tank to do this kind of stuff? This
is what people really should expect from
their local news outlet, which has vastly
more money and staff power than we do.
Why does the First Amendment exist if            A. I think we can claim some credit for                 signal to the rest of the news business that           what we can to get down to bedrock and
they’re not going to exercise it by expos-       inspiring a little boom in this sort of stuff.          there ought to be more of this. I think the            find out what the real facts are. It’s just
ing false political claims when people try, which is a project of the St.           trend is in the right direction.                       basic reporting. For example, when [for-
to fool the public?                              Petersburg Times, quite openly cited us as                                                                     mer Lieutenant Governor of New York]
                                                 their inspiration when they started up two              Q. How do you get your arms around an issue            Betsy McCaughey first claimed there was
Q. How has the economic downturn and down-       years ago. This year they won the Pulitzer              as big as healthcare reform?                           rationing of health care in the stimulus
sizing of major news outlets helped feed the     Prize for Enterprise Reporting. ... We take             A. We always start with the claims—the                 bill ... you read what she said, you call her
growth of alternative news and information web   a parental pride in that. It shows this type            ones we’re hearing the most and the ones               up, and you ask her, ‘What section of the
sites and blogs like              of reporting is valued ... and I hope this is a         we’re getting asked about the most. We do              bill are you talking about, because we can’t
                                                                                                                                                                find it?’ … So you find out what claims
                                                                                                                                                                people are making. What’s their basis for
                                                                                                                                                                it? And are they right? Did this thing they
FOR THE RECORD: “the Penn Graduate”                                                                                                                             quote their opponent as saying—did they
                                                                                                                                                                actually say that? Is that all they said? Was
                                                                                                                                                                the quote taken out of context? Is there
                                                                                                                                                                any dispute over what was said? Is there a
                                                                                                                                                                recording so we can see which conflicting
                                                                                                                                                                version is right?

                                                                                                                                                                Q. Are you ever able to get to the bottom of who
                                                                                                                                                                is sending out these chain emails?
                                                                                                   Released in 1967, Mike Nichols’ “The Graduate”               A. No, I wish I could, but there’s no way
                                                                                                   is consistently ranked as one of the best films of all       anybody’s ever found to trace one of these
                                                                                                   time. It’s also one of the highest grossing movies           chain emails upstream to find who origi-
                                                                                                   ever, when adjusted for inflation.                           nated it. They tend to evolve as they get
                                                                                                       Starring Dustin Hoffman as recent college                passed from hand to hand and people add
                                                                                                   graduate Benjamin Braddock and Anne Bancroft                 their own observations. … The only case I
                                                                                                   as the seductive Mrs. Robinson, the film garnered            know of where we actually found somebody
                                                                                                   seven Academy Award nominations, including Best              who admitted authorship is that Photoshop
                                                                                                   Picture, Best Actor (Hoffman), Best Actress (Ban-            job of Sarah Palin in an American flag bi-
                                                                                                   croft) and Best Director, which Nichols won.                 kini holding an air rifle. Just because that
                                                                                                       Less known is “The Penn Graduate,” a comic               one was so funny and an obvious (forgery),
                                                                                                   strip parody of the film created by former Penn              someone finally claimed credit for it and
                                                                                                   student Jerry Lukas.                                         we were able to do an interview with them.
                                                                                                       In Lukas’ version, which ran in an April 1968
                                                                                                   edition of the Daily Pennsylvanian, Hoffman’s Ben-
                                                                                                   jamin character is renamed “Pennjamin,” and is a
                                                                                                   student angling to beat the draft and avoid being              about Brooks Jackson
                                                                                                   sent to Vietnam.
                                                                                                       Mrs. Robinson is replaced with Dean Robbinson              Brooks Jackson covered Washington
                                                                                                   [sic], dean of the College for Women, who wants                and national politics for 34 years, re-
                                                                                                   to stop any potential “Rowbottoms.” A Rowbottom                porting for the associated Press, The
                                                                                                   was an “unpredictable and sometimes unfortunate                Wall Street Journal and CNN. at CNN
                                                                                                   outlet for youthful energies” that also served as a
                                                                                                                                                                  he pioneered the “adwatch” and “fact-
                                                                                                   rallying call for mass student disturbances. Pennja-
                                                                                                                                                                  check” form of stories debunking false
                                                                                                   min has planned a Rowbottom, but Dean Robbin-
                                                                                                                                                                  and misleading political statements
                                                                                                   son finds out about it and confronts him. Unless he
                                                                                                                                                                  starting with the presidential elec-
                                                                                                   stops it, she warns that she will see that Pennjamin
                                                                                                   is drafted.                                                    tion of 1992. he is the author of three
                                                                                                       Guest stars in the comic include caricatures of            books: “honest Graft: Big Money and
                                                                                                   Simon & Garfunkel, President Lyndon Johnson,                   the american Political Process;” “Bro-
                                                                                                   Philadelphia Mayor James Tate (called “Mayor                   ken Promise: Why the Federal election
                                                                                                   Dictate”) and Police Commissioner Frank Rizzo.                 Commission Failed;” and “unSpun:
                                                                                                                                                                  Finding Facts in a World of Disinforma-
                                                                                                   For more information about historical events at Penn, vis-     tion” with Kathleen hall Jamieson.
                                                                                                   it the University Archives at
8 September 17, 2009                                                                                                                                                         PennCurrent

Who’s Coming to                                                       NEWS BRIEFS
                                                                      News you can use

WHAT: “Who’s Coming to Dinner?: Cooking for Different                      THE FUTURE?
Audiences” is an exhibit on display at the Rosenwald Gallery,
6th floor, Van-Pelt Dietrich Library Center, through Dec. 18.                                              the nearly
                                                                           2,500 seniors at Penn’s 2010 Commence-
WHY: The exhibit displays artifacts from the Rare Book &                   ment will be wearing caps and gowns
Manuscript Library’s Chef Fritz Blank Culinary Archive and                 made of post-consumer recycled plastic
                                Library, the Esther B. Aresty
                                Collection of Rare Books on
ouT anD aBouT the Culinary Arts, and the                                       the fabric will be spun from molten
                                Laurie Burrows Grad Cook-                  plastic pellets, with an average of 23 bot-
                                book Collection. Lynne Far-                tles needed to make each gown. Recycled
                                rington, curator of printed                plastic bottles are already used to make
                                books at the RB&M Library,                 sweatshirts and other clothing that is virtu-
                                says the exhibition explores               ally indistinguishable in color, fit and feel
                                “the interaction between                   from traditional polyester material. For
                                cookbooks and their uses.”                 every gown purchased by Penn, the gown
                                                                           manufacturer will also make a contribution
                                 RESTAURANT ROW: Be-
                                                                           to a Penn environmental group, the Uni-
                                 fore retiring to Thailand in
2007, Fritz Blank was the chef and owner of Deux Cheminées                 versity’s Green Fund.
in Center City. He also taught non-credit cooking classes at
Penn through the College of Liberal and Professional Stud-
ies. Upon his retirement, he donated his 10,000-piece cookery
and book collection to the University.

SOMETHING FOR EVERYONE: Co-curators Caitlin Ander-
                                                                      a minute of your time                                                 Vet’s Marshak Dairy, located at the New Bolton Center in Ken-
                                                                                                                                            nett Square, Pa. Built in 1996, the greenhouse dairy was the
son, the printed book assistant, and Catherine Turcich-Kealey,        The 60-Second Lectures are back.                                      first of its kind, and uses natural lighting and excellent venti-
the exhibitions assistant, divided the show into different cat-           The events feature faculty from the School of Arts and            lation within the barn to provide a healthy environment for
egories, with something for everyone.                                 Sciences talking about politics, poetry and everything in be-         the cows.
                                                                      tween—for just a minute. Remaining talks this month include               Each cow produces about 70 lbs. of milk per day; the entire
SMÖRGÅSBORD: The case titled “Invalids/Dieters/Vegetar-               Angela Duckworth, assistant professor of psychology on Sept.          herd produces about 1,500 lbs. This milk is sold and marketed
ians” includes the book “Cooking for Life: A Guide to Nu-             23, talking about “Why Achievement Isn’t ‘Normal,’” and               through Land-O-Lakes Dairy Cooperative, but about 400 gal-
trition and Food Safety for the HIV-Positive Community,” by           Philippe Bourgois, a PIK professor of anthropology and family         lons will be diverted to Kilby Cream, a Rising Sun, Md.-based
Robert H. Lehmann. The case titled “Adventurous Eating,”              medicine on Sept. 30, discussing “Anthropology and Global-            creamery, that will turn the milk into the delicious dessert.
showcases recipes for Mealworm Spaghetti and Hushed Pup-              ization: An Urgent Challenge and Responsibility.”                         Look for the ice cream at Penn dining halls and the new
pies (made with actual dog, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, onions            All talks take place on Stiteler Plaza, located at Locust         Hershey Ice Cream store in 1920 Commons.
and celery). Cooking for “A Crowd” contains a Pennsylvania            Walk and 37th St. (rain location is the Houston Hall Read-
Department of Corrections Weekly Menu and the U.S. Army’s
“Manual for Army Bakers” and “Manuel for Army Cooks.”
                                                                      ing Room) at 11:55 a.m. For more information, and to watch
                                                                      past 60-Second Lectures, go to:
                                                                                                                                            Be inspired
                                                                      sixtysec_lectures.html.                                               The University City neighborhood boasts some beautiful old
OLD & NEW: Farrington says the exhibit shows the wide                                                                                       houses—and                      some gorgeous gardens. To
range of ways in which cooking collections can be perceived.
“Sometimes you get a sense that things aren’t so different now
                                                                      We all scream for ice                                                                                   honor some of the best
                                                                                                                                                                               green thumbs in the
than they used to be,” she says.                                      cream                                                                                                      area, the University
                                                                                                                                                                                  City District and UC
CARRY OUT: Turcich-Kealey hopes people who visit the                  Starting this fall, when craving a sweet                                                                     Green are seeking
exhibit write down the recipes and try them at home. “It’s            treat, people can opt for a Penn-                                                                             nominations for
something that’s interactive on some level because you can go         themed, locally produced                                                                                     the fifth annual
home and make use of the exhibit yourself,” she says.                 ice cream.                                                                                                  University City Gar-
                                                                          “The Quaker                                                                                             dening and Beautifi-
KITCHEN TABLE: Andrea Gottschalk, exhibitions coordina-               Crunch”—vanilla                                                                                             cation Awards. The
tor & designer at the RB&M Library, says cookbooks from               ice cream with                                                                                                2009 awards will
different eras offer researchers a unique perspective on the          red and blue M                                                                                                honor nominees
kitchen and family. “I just think it adds a dimension to the lives    & M’s—will be                                                                                                 for outstanding ex-
that we maybe don’t always think about,” she says.                    served by Bon                                                                                                amples of creative
                                                                      Appetit at Penn                                                                                             gardening.
RETURN OF THE CHEF: Blank returns to Penn for Home-                   Dining, starting
coming Weekend and hosts “Ask the Chef” on Nov. 6, where              this month. The                                                                                                 People can nomi-
he will answer questions on cuisine, collecting cookbooks and         milk used to produce                                                                                        nate a public space,
running a restaurant.                                                 the ice cream comes                                                                                        front or private yard,
                                                                      from the Holstein dairy                                                                                  public landscape, tree
SECONDS: For more information, call 800-390-1829.                     herd housed at Penn                                                                                planting project or block im-
                                                                                                                                                         Nominations must be postmarked by Friday,
                                                                                                                                                      Sept. 25. Visit the UCD site at and

                                                         The obesity culture                                                                          search for “Inspirational Gardens.”

                                                       Obesity is such a grave problem in the United States that the Centers for Disease
                                                                                                                                                      take back the night
                                                       Control and Prevention says American society has become ‘obesogenic,’ charac-                  With the support of the Trustees’ Council of Penn
                                                       terized by environments that promote increased food intake, unhealthy foods                    Women, the Division of Public Safety is offering free
                                                       and physical inactivity.                                                                       Rape Aggression Defense (RAD) classes to all Uni-
                                                           In their new book, “The Obesity Culture: Strategies for Change, Public Health              versity women.
                                                                                    and University-Community Partnerships,” Francis                      The RAD System is a course that includes aware-
                                       aHEaD         oF THE CuRREnT Johnston, an emeritus professor of anthropology                                   ness, prevention, risk reduction and avoidance, and
                                                                                    at Penn, and Ira Harkavy, director of Penn’s Netter               includes basic defense training. Classes are held on
                                                     events in the weeks Center for Community Partnerships, say that the                              Wednesday, Sept. 23 and Sept. 30, from 5:30 to 8:30
                                                                                    massive increase of obesity in America over the last              p.m.; Saturday, Sept. 26, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.; and
                                                                      to come 100 years has been the “greatest public health failure                  Tuesday, Sept. 29, from 5:30 to 8:30 p.m. Courses are
                                                                                    of the past century.” The co-authors discuss the book             taught by certified RAD instructors.
                                                       Oct. 6 at the Penn Bookstore.                                                                     While not a martial arts program, the system of
                                                           Johnston and Harkavy say top-down health and diet-centered prescriptions                   realistic defense provides women with the knowl-
                                                       have proven unsuccessful in combating the obesity epidemic. Obesity, they say,                 edge to make an educated decision about resistance.
                                                       is a complex public health problem that will only be solved with new approaches                Classes are held at the Division of Public Safety, 4040
                                                       rooted in community partnerships.                                                              Chestnut St. Additional classes will be held in Octo-
                                                           The event takes place from 6 to 7 p.m. For more information, call 215-898-                 ber and November. For more information, contact

                                                       7595 or go to                                                         Penn Police Officer Stacey Livingston at 215-898-
                                                                                                                                                      3590 or email