The Elements of Graphic Design
Design elements are the concrete tools that embody the principles of design and make
them come alive. These elements are the central part of any design. Like the principles
that inspire them, graphic elements follow design rules that help balance and complement
Line, Shapes, Mass, Colors
One of the most fundamental graphic design elements is line. Line can help join, arrange,
lead the eye and give movement to a graphic. With skilful use lines can improve the
readability, form and message of a design.
Shapes, like a heart for example, can convey universal meaning and can help organize a
design at the same time.
Mass, another element of design, determines a shapes size and its proportion to other
objects on the page.
Graphic designers typically use the element of color to help create the mood they desire.
Light colors produce pleasant responses, while darker ones produce quieter effects. Color
can be particularly helpful in balancing out a graphic.
The Elements of Texture and Space
Texture provides the graphic with it’s visual surface and feel. This can be completed by
lines, shape or even photographic images of specific surfaces. Good texture can give even
the plainest graphics a spark of life.
A key graphic design element sometimes overlooked is space. Space has the potential to
provide stability as well as elegance. A good design uses space to create a dynamic,
To incorporate and balance graphic design elements is the goal of true design work.
Achieving this means following design rules and creating a lively, entertaining graphic
that effectively delivers its message.
Sources: desktopub.about.com, wikipedia.com