The Triads as Business
RoutledgeCurzon Studies in the Modern History of Asia
Author: Yiu Kong Chu
Table of Contents
Forward. Preface. 1.Triads, Business and Market. Part I: The Triads 2.The Origins. 3.The Organisation.
Part II: Legal Markets 4.Protection Against Extortionists. 5.Protection Against Competitors: Traditional
Operations. 6.Protection Against Competitors: Recent Operations. 7.Dispute Settlement. Part III: Illegal
Markets 8.Drug Dealing. 9.Gambling. 10.Prostitution. Part IV: International Markets 11.Drug Trafficking.
12.Human Smuggling. Part V: Implications and Reflections 13.Are Triads Extortionists, Entrepreneurs, or
Protectors? 14.International Triad Movement: Emigration or Reversion? 15.New Directions in the study of
There is no doubt that the Triads are an international menace. The very word conjures up images of
intrigue, mystery, brutality and violence and following the handover of Hong Kong to China there have
been increasing fears that the influence of the Triad societies will spread through emigration. This book
investigates the reality behind the myth. Yiu Kong Chu here looks at the Hong Kong Triads, generally
regarded as the headquarters of triad societies throughout the world. He describes their origins, their
involvement in legitimate businesses from the entertainment and construction industries to street hawking
and the wholesale fish markets of Hong Kong and finally their part in illegal activities around drugs,
gambling and human smuggling.
Based on interviews with ex triad members and victims of the Triads as well as with police from Hong
Kong, mainland China and Europe, as well as on documentary evidence Triads as Business: A Brief
Introduction gives a vivid and compelling picture of the Triads as part of a wider society.