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									AP US HISTORY
ELMORE
FALL 2007
                     UNIT THREE: THE BIRTH OF A NEW COUNTRY

        The US Constitution is one of the most influential documents in the history of modern
governance. The system of government established by the writers of this document not only
reflected and helped to ensure the hopes and desires of many citizens of the newly independent
American state, but, perhaps more importantly, this system has served as a dramatic symbol for
those people throughout the world who have struggled against tyranny and oppression ever since.
This document has also served as a model for the creation of new governments over the past two
hundred years. Nevertheless, some scholars, including Howard Zinn and Charles Beard, who wrote
An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution, contend that this document is not the democratic
mantra that its supporters proclaim it to be. These critics argue that the Constitution was designed
primarily to protect the economic interests of the aristocracy, not only from the tyranny of the
government, but also from the political pressures of the lower classes. They point to the ideas of the
separation of powers, federalism, and checks and balances as being primarily ways in which the
elites of American society could insulate themselves from the will of the common people rather
than efforts to protect against tyrannical government. These scholars also look to the writings of
James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton in The Federalist Papers to support their
contentions. Finally, they look to the actions of some of the founding fathers, like Washington,
Hamilton, Adams, and even Jefferson to find support for this theory. During this unit, we will
examine this evidence in order to assess the validity of this theory as compared to the more
traditional views of most Americans. As always, finding the truth requires a delicate balance of
inquisitiveness, interpretation, speculation, and appreciation for subtlety. There are seldom absolute
or simple answers to these complex problems. In this unit, we will continue to examine both
political documents and political events with an eye toward addressing, albeit not definitively, this
complex issue. In addition, we will trace the important formative events in the early history of this
newly-founded country leading up to the most important political transformation in our early
history: the election of Andrew Jackson.

EXAM DATE: Monday, October 22nd (100 points)

QUIZZES:

1) Thursday, October 4th (25 points): Brinkley, Chapter 6
2) Tuesday, October 9th (15 points): “Shay’s Rebellion:
      The First American Civil War”
3) Wednesday, October 10th (25 points): Brinkley, Chapter 7
4) Tuesday, October 16th (25 points): Brinkley, Chapter 8

UNIT SKILLS

1)   Conflict and Compromise
2)   Using and Constructing Maps
3)   Library and Internet Research
4)   Understanding Domestic and Foreign Policy
5)   Constitutional Analysis and Interpretation
READING ASSIGNMENTS:

1) Brinkley, Ch. 6, 7 & 8
2) “Shay’s Rebellion: The First American Civil
       War” by Stephen Gillon in Unit Planner
3) The Constitution and the first twelve
              amendments, pgs. A-12- A-19

KEY TOPICS

1. Opportunities and Obstacles in Post-War America
2. The Constitutional Convention and the US Constitution
3. Federalists, Anti-federalists, and the Fight
                                       for Ratification
4. Washington, Hamilton, Adams and the Federalist
                       Government: Domestic Policy
5. Washington, Hamilton, Adams and the Federalist
                       Government: Foreign Policy
6. Jefferson, Madison, and the Republican Opposition
7. The Revolution of 1800
8. Cultural Nationalism & Industrialism
9. Jefferson’s Domestic Policy and Foreign Policy
10. The War of 1812
11. American Nationalism, Economic Growth and Expansion
12. The Era of Good Feelings
13. John Marshall and the Supreme Court
14. Western Expansion and the Missouri Compromise
15. The “Corrupt Bargain” Election of 1824
                               and the Adams Presidency

WRITING ASSINGMENTS:

   1) Map Assignment (20 pts.) Due Monday, October 15th

       Complete the map assignment in the Unit Planner. You will need to fill out the map
       completely, accurately, and neatly. You may use the map provided. However, you may
       earn up to five extra credit points if you make the map larger (up to 11” by 14”- but no
       larger) and five extra credit points if you do the map in color. This means you can earn a
       total of 10 extra credit points for this assignment.

   2) Primary Source Document Analysis (30 pts.) Due Monday, October 22nd

       Complete the attached Primary Source Document Analysis Worksheet with a primary
       source that you have found relating to your NHD project. Your analysis should reflect how
       you would use this document in your project.
                                   EXAM REVIEW SHEET

KEY TERMS

Confederation Congress                 Annapolis Convention                Newburgh Conspiracy
George Washington                      Alexander Hamilton          Articles of Confederation
James Madison                          Philadelphia Convention             Shay’s Rebellion
Benjamin Franklin                      Edmund Randolph                     Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan                        Great Compromise            Connecticut Compromise
bicameral legislature                  Three-fifths Compromise             federal government
sovereignty                            The Constitution            Baron de Montesquieu
Charles Beard                          An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution
separation of powers                   checks and balances                 federalism
The Federalist Papers                  Federalists                         John Jay
Antifederalists                        ratification                        Bill of Rights
Judiciary Act of 1789                  George Mason                        Henry Knox
Bank of the United States              Washington, D.C.                    assumption of debt
funding the debt                       protective tariff           “Report on Manufactures”
excise tax                             Republicans                         Whiskey Rebellion
strict construction vs. broad construction              new states         Citizen Genet
French Revolution                      Neutrality Act                      Jay’s Treaty
Farewell Address                       Pinckney’s Treaty                   James Monroe
John Adams                             Thomas Pinckney                     Thomas Jefferson
Eleventh Amendment                     Twelfth Amendment           Prince Talleyrand
XYZ Affair                             Quasi-War with France               Aaron Burr
Alien and Sedition Acts                Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions nullification
Revolution of 1800                     political parties                   Judiciary Act of 1801
cultural nationalism                   virtuous citizenry                  public schooling
private schools                        republican mother                   Judith Sargent Murray
noble savages                          state universities                  Benjamin Rush
Noah Webster                           Washington Irving                   Mercy Otis Warren
Deism                                  Second Great Awakening              John Wesley
universalism/Unitarianism              The Age of Reason                   Thomas Paine
revivalism                             Gabriel Prosser                     Handsome Lake
Samuel Slater                          Eli Whitney                         cotton gin
interchangeable parts                  James Watt                          steam engine
Robert Fulton                          steamboat                           Robert Livingston
Clermont                               turnpike era                        Pierre L’Enfant
White House                            Charles Pinckney                    Albert Gallitin
Barbary Pirates                        pasha of Tripoli                    tribute
John Marshall                          Marbury v. Madison                  midnight appointments
William Marbury                        judicial review                     Samuel Chase
Napoleon Bonaparte                     New Orleans                         Toussaint L’Ouverture
Louisiana Purchase                     Meriwether Lewis                    George Clark
Sacajawea                              Zebulon Pike                        Burr Conspiracy
Northern Confederacy                   James Wilkinson                     Continental System
orders in council                      blockade                            impressment
Chesapeake-Leopard incident            Embargo of 1807                     peacable coercion
Non-Intercourse Act of 1809      Macon’s Bill No. 2                   Tecumseh
William Henry Harrison           assimilation policy                  the Prophet
Battle of Tippecanoe             war hawks                            Henry Clay
John C. Calhoun                  Florida                              War of 1812
Battle of Horseshoe Band         Oliver Hazard Perry                  Andrew Jackson
Siege of Fort McHenry            Francis Scott Key             “The Star Spangled Banner”
Battle of New Orleans            Daniel Webster                       Hartford Convention
Rush-Bagot agreement             Treaty of Ghent                      textile industry
Second Bank of the US            infant industries                    protectionism
internal improvements            Cumberland (National) Road           Lancaster Turnpike
James Monroe                     Great Migrations                     John Jacob Astor
plantation system                mountain men                         Far West
Era of Good Feelings             John Quincy Adams                    Rufus King
Virginia Dynasty                 Goodwill Tour                        The Seminole War
Adams-Onis Treaty                Andrew Jackson                       Panic of 1819
Missouri Compromise              sectionalism                         Tallmadge Amendment
DeWitt Clinton                   Jesse Thomas                  Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)     Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)     Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)       Johnson v. McIntosh (1823)
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)      Monroe Doctrine                      Corrupt Bargain
Election of 1824                 King Caucus                          Tariff of Abominations
the American System              William Crawford                     Election of 1828

ESSAY QUESTIONS:

   1) “Initially, ratification of the Constitution was highly unlikely, and only after a fierce debate
      did a combination of factors bring about its adoption by the thirteen states.” Assess the
      validity of this statement with reference to the roles and influences of the following: (a)
      Anti-federalists; (b) The Federalist Papers; and (c) compromise on the Bill of Rights

   2) “America’s first foreign policy, formulated by presidents Washington and Adams, had as its
      primary goal the avoidance of war at all cost.” Assess the validity of this statement in terms
      of THREE of the following: (a) Citizen Genet controversy; (b) Jay Treaty; (c)
      Proclamation of Neutrality; (d) XYZ Affair

   3) “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” Assess this statement by President
      Jefferson with respect to (a) his domestic policies and (b) his foreign policies.

   4) “The early part of the 19th Century was marked by strong pressures to force Native
      Americans from their lands along the western frontier of the United States.” Assess the
      validity of this statement with reference to THREE of the following: (a) Andrew Jackson,
      (b) Tecumseh, (c) Lewis and Clark expedition, (d) William Henry Harrison

   5) Explain the influence of THREE of the following on the US decision to go to war in 1812:
      (a) embargo policies of Jefferson and Madison, (b) British impressment of American
      seaman, (c) settler’s conflicts with the Native Americans, (d) expansionist goals of the war
      hawks
6) “The genius of the Constitution is found in the series of compromises which
    made it acceptable to so many.” Assess the validity of this statement with respect to how
   the delegates dealt with: (a) representation; (b) the presidency; and (c) slavery.

7) Explain how THREE of the following helped to bring about a shift from agricultural to an
   industrial economy in the US in the early 1800s: a) commercial farming; b) factory system
   c) inventions; d) labor; e) transportation

8) Although the power of the national government increased during the early republic, this
   development often faced serious opposition. Compare the motives and effectiveness of
   those opposed to the growing power of the national government in TWO of the following:
   Whiskey Rebellion, 1794; Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, 1798-1799, or Hartford
   Convention, 1814-1815.

9) Analyze the contributions of TWO of the following in helping establish a stable government
    after the adoption of the Constitution: John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, or George
    Washington.

10) Analyze the impact of the American Revolution on both slavery and the status of women in
    the period 1775-1800.

11) To what extent was the election of 1800 aptly named “The Revolution of 1800”? Respond
    with references in TWO of the following areas: economics; foreign policy; judiciary;
    politics.

12) Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 as the Era of Good
    Feelings. Evaluate the accuracy of this label, considering the emergence of both nationalism
    and sectionalism.

13) To what extent was the United States Constitution a radical departure from the Articles of
   Confederation?

14) “The United States Constitution of 1787 represented an economic and ideological victory
    for the traditional American political elite.” Assess the validity of this statement for the
   period 1781-1789.

								
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