STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN by lindayy

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									                          WESTERN AUSTRALIA




            STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY
                MANAGEMENT PLAN

                        WESTPLAN - AIR CRASH




Prepared by the
Emergency Operations Unit,
Western Australia Police.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)
                                                   i

                            WESTERN AUSTRALIAN
                   AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

DISTRIBUTION

Emergency management plans produced by the Western Australia Police as part of their
responsibility as Hazard Management Agency, are no longer distributed on a routine basis to
the wider emergency management community or other government agencies.

The plans are now freely available on the Internet by visiting the W.A Police website:
www: wapol.gov.au select: About us/Support Services/ Emergency Operations Unit, or at the
EMS FESA site: www.fesa.wa.gov.au.

Those organisations essential to Western Australia’s emergency management arrangements
as detailed in this plan will be advised of any amendments to this plan, in writing, by the
Western Australia Police.

Amendments will be added to the Amendment Certificate below and it is the responsibility of
the individual to regularly check the currency of their copy



                           AMENDMENT CERTIFICATE
Proposals for amendment or additions to the text of this plan should be forwarded to:

Emergency Operations Unit,
Western Australia Police
Maylands Police Complex,
2 Swanbank Rd
MAYLANDS WA 6051

Telephone: (08) 9370 7115
Facsimile: (08) 9370 7109


AMENDMENT              DETAILS OF AMENDMENT                             AMENDED BY
NO.   DATE                                                              INITIALS/DATE

1     March 2000       Complete re-issue.

2     November 2001    Update relevant terms and contacts

3     September 2005   Inclusion of reference to the CAVDISPLAN,        DSH 8122
                       Update terminology, arrangements and
                       contacts. Include Counter Terrorism activation




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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

                                                ii

                                          CONTENTS
Distribution                                               i
Amendment Certificate                                      i
Contents                                                   ii
Glossary of Terms                                          iii
Participating Organisations                                iv


PART 1 - GENERAL

Introduction                                               1.01
Aim                                                        1.04
Objectives                                                 1.05
Scope                                                      1.06
Title                                                      1.11
Related Documents                                          1.12
Authority and Planning Responsibility                      1.14

PART 2 - ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN COMMONWEALTH AND STATE

General                                                    2.01
Emergencies involving civil aircraft                       2.02
Initial Response                                           2.07
Transferring overall coordination responsibilities         2.08
Emergencies involving military aircraft                    2.11
Commonwealth Government assistance                         2.13

PART 3 - CONCEPT OF OPERATION

General                                                    3.01
Concept                                                    3.02
Search Phase                                               3.04
Rescue and Initial Recovery Phase: Civil Aircraft          3.06
Rescue and Initial Recovery Phase: Military Aircraft       3.07
Warning to Emergency Service personnel                     3.09

PART 4 - ORGANISATION AND RESPONSIBILITIES

General                                                    4.01
Hazard Management Agency                                   4.02
Operational response structure, Control and coordination   4.03
State Air Crash Operations Manager                         4.05
Air Crash Operations Area Manager                          4.06
Incident Manager (Field Controller)                        4.08
Emergency Coordinator                                      4.10
Combat Agencies and Support Organisations                  4.11
Liaison Officers                                           4.15
WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                      Page 2 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

Public Information                                               4.18
Financial matters                                                4.21
State Emergency Management Support Plans                         4.24
Commonwealth Government Response Plan                            4.26


PART 5 - RESPONSE ARRANGEMENTS

General                                                          5.01
Activation                                                       5.03
Advice and notification                                          5.04
Stages of activation                                             5.05
Differences in classification                                    5.10
Activation at District and Local Level                           5.11
Operational Facilities                                           5.12
Debriefing                                                       5.19
Post Operations Report                                           5.20

PART 6 - REMOTE AREA OPERATIONS

General                                                          6.01
Forward Support Base                                             6.02
Forward Support Base commander                                   6.03
Medical Response                                                 6.04
Transport – Medical                                              6.06
Transport – General                                              6.07

PART 7 - OPERATIONAL SEQUENCE GUIDE

Sequence Guide                                                   7.01

PART 8 - LOCAL AIR CRASH PLANS

General                                                          8.01
Planning for an air crash                                        8.02

APPENDIXES

1.   Air crash notification chart
2.   Response and Activation flow chart
3.   Schematic Crash Site layout
4.   Roles and Responsibilities of participating organisations
5.   Contact details




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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

                                                iii


ACCIDENT - An occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft that takes place from
the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all persons
have disembarked, in which:

a.     a person is fatally or seriously injured as a result of being in or upon the aircraft or by
       direct contact with the aircraft

b.     the aircraft incurs damage or structural failure, which adversely affects the structure
       strength, performance or flight characteristics.

AERODROME/AIRPORT - A defined area on land or water (including any buildings,
installations and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival,
departure and surface movement of aircraft.

AIRCRAFT OPERATOR - A person, organisation or enterprise engaged in or offering to
engage in aircraft operation.

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL - A generic term meaning, variously, air traffic advisory service, area
control service, approach control service or aerodrome control service.

AEP - (Airport Emergency Plan). A plan developed by the Airport Operator to coordinate all
agencies and their individual Airport Emergency Procedures, State or supporting plans for
dealing with an aerodrome emergency.

AIRSERVICES AUSTRALIA - Federal Government agency providing Air Traffic Services,
including in-flight emergency response for aircraft declaring an emergency

AusSAR - Australian Search and Rescue, a division of the Australian Maritime Safety
Authority (AMSA) responsible for coordinating aviation and maritime search and rescue (SAR)
services

ATSB - (Australian Transport Safety Bureau) - A division of the Federal Department of
transport and Regional Services responsible for air transport safety investigations.

COMBAT AREA - Means the area declared by the senior officer of the attending fire agency
as the combat area and includes the area involved in the actual fire and the area where fire
fighters, appliances and equipment are located. The area may extend to adjoining areas
threatened by fire and is controlled by the fire agency.

COMBAT AGENCY - An organisation, which because of its expertise and resources is
responsible for performing a task or activity such as fire fighting. An emergency operation may
involve a number of Combat Agencies.

COMMAND - The direction of members and resources of an organisation in the performance
of the organisation's role and tasks. Authority to command is established in legislation or by
agreement within an organisation. Command relates to organisations and operates vertically,
within an organisation.
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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


COMMANDER – A single-agency term. A commander has authority only within that agency.
Responsibilities include the direction and coordination of the activities of that agency. A
commander operates vertically within the agency and cannot command members of another
agency. Individual agencies may refer to this position as a Manager, Controller etc.

CONTROL - The overall direction of emergency management activities in a designated
emergency. Authority for control is established in legislation or in an emergency management
plan and carries with it the responsibility for tasking and coordinating other organisations in
accordance with the needs of the situation. Control relates to situations and operates
horizontally, across organisations.

CONTROL AREA - Means the total area within the outer perimeter, and includes the combat
area, all aircraft wreckage and triage area.

CONTROLLER - See Incident Manager.

COORDINATION - The bringing together of organisations and elements to ensure effective
emergency management response and is primarily concerned with the systematic acquisition
and application of resources (organisation, human resources and equipment) in accordance
with the requirements imposed by the threat or impact of an emergency. Coordination relates
primarily to resources, and operates vertically, within an organisation as a function of the
authority to command; and horizontally, across organisations, as a function of the authority to
control.

EMERGENCY - An event, actual or imminent, which endangers or threatens to endanger life,
property or the environment, and which is beyond the resources of a single organisation or
which requires the coordination of a number of significant emergency management activities.

EMERGENCY COORDINATOR - That person designated by the Commissioner of Police to
be the District or Local Emergency Coordinator for the purpose of coordinating all support to
the designated Incident Manager. At State level this is the Commissioner of Police. At District
level it is the District Police Officer. At the local level it is the Senior Police Officer responsible
for the police sub-district.

EMERGENCY COORDINATION CENTRE (ECC) - That facility where the Emergency
Coordinator is located. There are four types of coordination centres: State, District, Local and
Forward Coordination Centres.

FIELD CONTROL CENTRE - A facility, where the Incident Manager is located, at or near the
scene of an emergency. It is also the location where Agency Commanders assemble to
receive and disseminate information and make operational decisions on the immediate rescue
operation.

HAZARD MANAGEMENT AGENCY (HMA) - That organisation which, because of its
legislative responsibility or specialised knowledge, expertise and resources is responsible for
ensuring that all emergency management activities pertaining to the prevention of,
preparedness for, response to and recovery from a specific hazard are undertaken.



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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

INCIDENT - An emergency that impacts upon a localised community or geographical area, but
not requiring the coordination and significant multi-agency emergency management activities
at a District or State level.

INCIDENT MANAGER - The person designated by the HMA responsible for the overall
management and control of an incident, and the tasking of agencies.

INCIDENT AREA - The area, defined by the Incident Manager, incorporating the localised
community or geographical area impacted by the incident.

INCIDENT MANAGEMENT GROUP - The group that may be convened by an Incident
Manager in consultation with the Emergency Coordinator to assist in the overall management
of the incident

LICENSED AERODROME (AIRPORT) - An airport owned by a person or organisation
licensed by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) and operated according to an approved
Airport Manual.

OPERATION - An incident (or multiple incidents) that impacts, or is likely to impact beyond a
localised community or geographical area.

OPERATIONS AREA MANAGER - The person designated by the HMA responsible for the
overall management of an operation and provision of strategic direction to agencies and
Incident Managers in accordance with the need of the situation.

OPERATIONS AREA - The area defined by the Operations Area Manager incorporating the
entire community or geographical area impacted, or likely to be impacted, by an operation and
incorporating single or multiple Incident Areas.

OPERATIONS AREA MANAGEMENT GROUP - The group that may be convened by the
Operations Area Manager in consultation with the relevant District Emergency Coordinator to
assist in the overall management of the operation.

POLICE EMERGENCY COORDINATION CENTRE - The facility from which the response to
an air crash will be coordinated. Such a centre will be established at District and State level
during an air crash emergency. At State level, the centre is located at the Police
Communications Centre, 2 Clayton St. Midland

POLICE OPERATIONS CENTRE (POC) - The facility from which the day-to-day operational
management of the Police Service is conducted.

REGISTERED AIRCRAFT - Aircraft on the register of the Civil Aviation Safety Authority
(CASA) will display a 5-letter registration commencing with the letters VH-

STATE HEALTH COORDINATOR - The person appointed by the Director General of Health
to coordinate the state health response in an emergency.

STATE WELFARE COORDINATOR - The person appointed by the Director General,
Department for Community Development, to coordinate the delivery of emergency welfare
services to victims of an air crash.

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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN



TERRORIST ACT - is an act or threat, intended to advance a political, ideological or religious
cause by coercing or intimidating an Australian or foreign government or the public, by
causing serious harm to people or property, creating a serious risk of health and safety to the
public, disrupting trade, critical infrastructure or electronic systems. (Criminal Code Act 1995
[Commonwealth])

TRIAGE - Means the medical sorting of casualties into treatment priority.

WELFARE CENTRE - A centre established to provide welfare services to persons affected by
an emergency.




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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

                                       iv

                            PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS



Western Australia Police
Assistant Commissioner (Traffic and Operations Support)
Superintendent (Response and Emergency)
Regional Assistant Commissioner/Commanders
District Officers
Officers in Charge of Police Sub-Districts
Police Operations Centre Communications Controller
Emergency Operations Unit

Fire & Emergency Services Authority
Operational Services

Airline Operators Committee
Secretary

AUSSAR

Department for Community Development
Emergency Services Coordinator

Department of Health
Executive Officer, Emergency Management
W.A Ambulance Service Inc.
Royal Flying Doctor Service
Australian Red Cross Blood Service
Public Health/Environmental Health Officers




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)               Page 8 of 39
            STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                            PART 1
                                            GENERAL

Introduction

1.01   The State Emergency Management Committee (SEMC) has directed through Policy
       Statement No.7, that the Western Australia Police (WAPOL) is the designated Hazard
       Management Agency for Air Transport Emergencies (aircraft crash) and as such is
       responsible for the preparation of the State Plan to ensure a controlled and coordinated
       response to, and initial recovery from, an aircraft crash.

1.02   A coordinated response to an aircraft crash requires the assistance of a wide range of
       combat agencies and support organisations each with its own statutory responsibilities.
       The location of the crash site, the availability of these agencies and the time required to
       reach the crash site, complicates the manner in which most eventualities can be dealt
       with.

1.03   This Plan provides the broad framework for a multi agency response to aircraft
       emergencies within Western Australia.

Aim

1.04   To detail the emergency management arrangements for the control and coordination of
       the response to and initial recovery from an air crash emergency within the scope of the
       States responsibilities under current Commonwealth - State arrangements.

Objectives

1.05   The objectives of the Plan are:

       a.      To prescribe the organisation, concepts, responsibilities and procedures for
               State Government departments and agencies in managing an aircraft crash
               occurring anywhere within Western Australia, including on airports, in an urban
               or a remote area, or within State waters;

       b.      To establish a basis for coordination between State Government departments
               and agencies with elements of the private sector involved in aviation activities;

       c.      To provide a basis for the provision and coordination of resources to cope with
               aircraft crash emergency;

       d.      To provide guidelines for the operating of the Plan following its activation;

       e.      To provide guidelines for air crash planning at district and local level.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                        Page 9 of 39
         STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

Scope

1.06    The arrangements in this Plan are designed to effectively deal with an aviation accident
        that escalates into an emergency, that is, one that requires a significant and
        coordinated multi agency response.

1.07    Aviation accidents which are within the capability of the local combat agencies to
        manage, are to be dealt with in accordance with Local Plans and arrangements.

1.08    Where an aircraft accident occurs at an airport with a developed and exercised Airport
        Emergency Plan (AEP), then that AEP has the status of a Sub-plan to the Local
        Emergency Management Arrangements.

1.09    Each agency with a statutory role shall have in place appropriate operational
        procedures that detail that agency's response in accordance with this Plan.

1.10    The procedures and responsibilities detailed in this document are established for
        compliance by all departments and agencies of State Government and for the
        coordination of all non-government organisations that may possibly become engaged in
        the response to an air crash.

Title

1.11    The Plan is titled the State Air Crash Emergency Management Plan (WESTPLAN - AIR
        CRASH).

Related Documents

1.12    The plan is independent of other State emergency management arrangements and is
        capable of operating on its own. Any of the State Emergency Management Support
        Plans may be activated in support of this Plan.
1.13    This plan should be read in conjunction with the Australian National Search and
        Rescue Manual, Local and District Emergency Management Plans and the
        Commonwealth Government Aviation Disaster Response Plan (CADVISPLAN).

Authority and Planning Responsibility

1.14    The Authority for this plan is the State Emergency Management Committee (SEMC)
        Policy Statement 7, and the Inter-Governmental Agreement on National Search and
        Rescue Arrangements.

1.15    The responsibility for the development and maintenance of the Plan rests with the
        Western Australia Police.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                  Page 10 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                          PART 2
           ARRANGEMENTS OF RESPONSIBILITIES BETWEEN THE
                   COMMONWEALTH AND STATE

General

2.01   Western Australia is party to the national search and rescue arrangements, details of
       which are contained in the National Search and Rescue Manual. These arrangements
       provide for the overall coordination and provision of search and rescue responsibilities.
       The responsibility for AusSAR as the Commonwealth authority for civil aviation search
       and rescue, the Australian Defence Force as the authority for military aircraft search
       and rescue, and the WAPOL as the SAR authority for Western Australia is detailed
       below.

Emergencies Involving Civil Aircraft

2.02 Responsibility rests initially with Airservices Australia. The incident is passed to
     AusSAR when the aircraft is believed to be lost, ditched or has crash-landed.

       AusSAR will locate a crashed aircraft and will coordinate the rescue response until the
       responsibility has been transferred to the Police Service.

2.03   At a Licensed Airport - Where an aircraft "emergency" (see definitions) occurs at or in
       the vicinity of a licensed airport, the local Airport Emergency Plan details the response
       management to the emergency. At these airports, the Western Australia Police is the
       controlling authority.

2.04   At remote locations, unmanned airports or landing grounds and in State waters -
       responsibility initially rests with AusSAR until control is handed over to the Western
       Australia Police.

2.05   For accidents offshore outside State limits - AusSAR is the coordinating authority and
       will request assistance from the WAPOL as required.

2.06   Suspected Terrorist Incident/Act – If an emergency is the result of a terrorist incident/act
       , or a suspected terrorist incident/act the National Counter Terrorist Plan (NCTP),
       handbook and associated Aviation Security Contingency arrangements are to be
       activated through the Police Forward Commander (PFC) and the Police Operations
       Centre (POC).




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 11 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN



Initial Response - All Aircraft Accidents

2.07   Where advice is received from the public of an aircraft crash and the location is known
       and immediately accessable, the Western Australia Police shall take timely action to
       resolve the situation as the authority responsible and take action to ensure positive
       transfer of responsibility from AusSAR. In all cases the first Police Officer on the scene
       will coordinate the initial response.

Transferring overall Coordination Responsibility

2.08   Arrangements between the Commonwealth and the State provide that once the position
       of the crashed aircraft is known and the magnitude of the event requires the activation
       of this plan, the overall coordination responsibility will be transferred from AusSAR to
       the WAPOL with AusSAR providing continuing support as required.

2.09   Transfer of responsibility will take place after due discussion between AusSAR Rescue
       Coordination Centre (RCC) and the Police Operations Center Communications
       Coordinator (POCCC).

2.10   Where required, AusSAR will continue to coordinate the search and initial rescue
       operation until the arrival of a Police Officer on the scene and then transfer the overall
       coordination of the ground search and rescue operation to the Western Australia Police.

Emergencies involving Military Aircraft

2.11   Where an air crash involves military aircraft, the Commonwealth Government, through
       Headquarters Australian Theatre (HQAST), is responsible for the provision of SAR.
       The responsibility is exercised as follows:

       a.    Air Force is responsible for the provision of SAR for all military aircraft, (including
             all Army and land based Navy helicopters) and visiting military aircraft, other than
             ship borne aircraft.

       b.    Navy is responsible for the provision of SAR for all ship-borne aircraft and
             helicopters.

2.12   HQAST controls their own forces and may request assistance from the State for
       resources and support in accordance with this Plan.

Commonwealth Assistance

2.13   When the total resources of the State cannot reasonably cope with the needs of the
       situation, assistance can be sought from the Australian Government through the
       activation of the Commonwealth Aviation Disaster Response Plan (CAVDISPLAN).

2.14   CAVDISPLAN provides the framework for addressing Australian Government support to
       the needs of a state, arising from an aviation disaster, which cannot be met from
       existing state resources. An important aspect of the CAVDISPLAN is the need for

WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 12 of 39
       STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

      consideration to be given to the international and political dimension of a major
      accident. Should such an event occur involving large numbers of passengers, the
      involvement of the Australian Government through various departments needs to be
      anticipated. When required, the Deputy Commissioner (Operations) will activate the
      CAVDISPLAN.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                           Page 13 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                         PART 3
                            CONCEPT OF OPERATION
General

3.01   The concept of operations detailed below sets the parameters for the functioning of this
       plan. Arrangements relevant to the application of these concepts are detailed in
       Sections 4 and 5.

Concept

3.02   The concept of this Plan is to employ and coordinate the resources of those State
       Government departments, authorities and agencies, together with resources available
       from private industry and volunteer groups, to ensure an appropriate response to, and
       recovery from an aircraft crash.

3.03   The concept is based on the execution of the following phases:

       a)    Search Phase -

             1)     includes all efforts to locate the aircraft and respond with the
                    necessary available SAR resources; and

             2)     includes the acceptance of responsibility for the emergency by either
                    AusSAR or the WAPOL.

       b)    Rescue Phase -

             1)     render the aircraft and site safe from fire and hazardous substances,
                    including unexploded ordinance, to enable the rescue and removal of
                    victims;

             2)     remove the victims to a safe area;

             3)     rescue the trapped victims;

             4)     the triage, treatment and evacuation of all casualties to hospital;

             5)     immediate welfare of uninjured victims;

             6)    the removal of the deceased (ideally after investigators have
             had an opportunity to examine undisturbed wreckage) ; and

             7)     preservation of evidence (wreckage should be moved as little as
                    possible).




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 14 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

       c)     Initial Recovery Phase - includes, but is not limited to such actions as:

              1)     hospitalisation and treatment of injured;

              2)     identification and registration of victims, and reunification
                     with relatives;

              3)     reconciliation and identification of the deceased; and

              4)     hand over of the incident to the Australian Transport Safety
                     Bureau (ATSB, or appropriate Military Authority).

       The above phases will be coordinated as detailed below:

Search phase

3.04   Coordination of this SAR phase for all civil aircraft is the responsibility of AusSAR, until
       that responsibility is transferred to the WAPOL to coordinate the land search and rescue
       component.

3.05   In the case of a military aircraft responsibility for the coordination of SAR remains with
       the HQAST.

Rescue and Initial Recovery phases: Civil Aircraft

3.06   The Police Incident Manager is to assume overall control and coordination of the
       response and initial recovery phase of an operation involving civil aircraft in accordance
       with this plan. Depending on the magnitude of the accident, the Incident Manager may
       be an Officer from either Local, District or State level.

Rescue and Initial Recovery phases: Military Aircraft

3.07   The Police Incident Manager is to assume overall control and coordination of the initial
       response and recovery phase until the arrival of the Military Incident Site Commander.

3.08   After the transfer of responsibility from the Police Incident Manager to the Military
       Incident Site Commander has been completed, the Police Incident Manager shall
       remain at the Military Forward Command Post. The Military Incident Site Commander
       will request civilian support through the Police Incident Manager who will direct the
       appropriate agency.




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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

                       ****Warning to Emergency Service Personnel****


3.09   The Incident Manager and all personnel involved in this phase should be made aware
       that damage to modern aircraft structures can produce toxic fumes and hazardous
       material such as:

       •         airborne synthetic products similar in nature to asbestos fibres;
       •         toxic chemicals which may be inhaled or affect the skin
       •         potentially explosive devices such as oxygen bottles and high pressure tyres;
           and
       •         pathogenic products.

3.10   In addition, military aircraft may be carrying unexploded munitions, explosive devices to
       jettison the canopy system and rocket-powered ejection seats.

3.11 Only those persons considered essential to preserve life without endangering their own
     should enter the crash site without first ensuring that all appropriate precautions are
     taken.

3.12   If in doubt remain clear of the wreckage.

3.13 Seek advice from ATSB 1800 011 034 (civil aircraft), or
     DFS- ADF 0410 626 357 (Military aircraft).




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            STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                          PART 4
                      ORGANISATION AND RESPONSIBILITIES

General
4.01   The emergency management concept to cope with an air crash emergency is based on
       the following:
       a.     A Hazard Management Agency with overall responsibility for the development of
              arrangements and management of operations;
       b.     An operational management structure at Local, District and State level to
              physically manage the operation; and
       c.     Combat and Support organisations to assist with search and rescue operations.

Hazard Management Agency

4.02   The Western Australia Police as the HMA is responsible for ensuring that any search
       and rescue operation, for which the State is responsible, is initiated promptly and
       executed with effective use of all available resources until the rescue is affected or there
       is no reasonable possibility of success. In order to discharge this responsibility the
       WAPOL will put in place an operational structure appropriate to the nature and level of
       the event. The WAPOL uses the Planning and Command system of control and
       coordination whilst being mindful of the Incident Control System as used by some other
       emergency services.

Operational Response Structure - Control and Coordination

4.03   In order to manage the overall response to the rescue and initial recovery from an
       aircraft crash emergency, the HMA shall put in place an operational structure based on
       the following:

       a.     State Air Crash Operations Manager

       b.     Air Crash Operations Area Manager

       c.     Incident Manager (Field Controller)

       d.     Emergency Coordinators at State, District and Local level as required

       e.     Combat Agencies and Support Organisations

       f.     Liaison Officers




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 17 of 39
            STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

State Air Crash Operations Manager

4.05   The State Air Crash Operations Manager is the Deputy Commissioner of the WAPOL
       appointed when the magnitude of the accident is such that State level support is
       required. The State Air Crash Operations Manager is responsible for:

       a)     Direction and coordination of the emergency response and initial recovery
              measures at State level;

       b)     Establishing the State Emergency Coordination Group if required

       c)     Ensuring appropriate State Emergency Management "Hazard" and             "Support”
              Plans are activated.

       d)     Activation of CADVISPLAN to ensure Commonwealth support will be available
              and communications are established and maintained with relevant Australian
              Government departments.

Air Crash Operations Area Manager

4.06   The Air Crash Operations Manager is the relevant District Superintendent or delegate.
       The officer is responsible for the control and coordination of the rescue and the initial
       recovery phase operations at the scene.

4.07   Duties may include but are not restricted to:

       General:

       a.     Notification to Combat and Supporting agencies;

       b.     Appoint an Incident Manager (Field Controller)

       c.     Convene the Operations Area Management Group if required

       d.     Establish and staff an Air Crash Operations Centre at a suitable location;

       e.     Account for persons on board the aircraft and liaise with the Forensic Division for
              Disaster Victim Registration and Identification purposes;

       f.     Ensure the orderly evacuation of uninjured survivors to a safe and secure area
              where the State Welfare Coordinator can assume responsibility for their
              management;

       g.     Assist where required to ensure that adequate arrangements are in place for the
              transportation of the injured;

       h.     Assist ATSB personnel with their investigations.




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        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

For a crash in W.A waters:

       a.    In accordance with the National SAR Manual Arrangements, liaise with
             AUSSAR

       b.    When the impact site is within the limits of the State, arrange a mutually agreed
             time to assume control; and

       c.    Ensure the Water Police Coordination Centre (WPCC) has been advised and that
             the State Marine Search and Rescue Plan has been activated to assist with the
             maritime rescue.

             Note: For a crash off the coast beyond the state limit, AusSAR will retain
             coordination responsibility

For a crash in remote areas: - In addition to the above

       a.    Establish and operate a Forward Support Base as close as practicable to the
             impact site.

Incident Manager (Field Controller)

4.08   The Incident Manager is a Police Officer appointed by the District Superintendent to
       control and coordinate the on scene rescue and initial recovery operations.

4.09   The duties of the Incident Manager include the following:

       a.    activating the Incident Management Group

       b.    providing overall control and coordination of all agencies on site;

       c.    executing the rescue plans;

       d.    Establishing and maintaining secure perimeters around the impact site(s) to
             protect the site, the wreckage, victims, cargo and personal effects, and to permit
             the other agencies to work unobstructed in the performance of their specified
             duties.

       e.    modifying plans as necessary to cope with changed conditions and
             developments on the scene, and

       f.    submitting regular Situation Reports to the Air Crash Operations Manager,
             including:

             •      number of survivors rescued
             •      requirements for resources
             •      pertinent new developments
             •      recommendations for future action plans



WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                   Page 19 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

Emergency Coordinator

4.10   Emergency Coordinators are appointed from within the Western Australia Police at
       Local, District and State level with responsibility for overall coordination of emergency
       management arrangements in their respective areas. One of their functions is to ensure
       the effective coordination of resources and/or services. At State level the Emergency
       Coordinator is the Commissioner of Police.

Combat Agencies and Support Organisations.

4.11   The Plan relies on the deployment of resources and personnel from State and
       Commonwealth agencies for the response arrangements to an air crash emergency.

4.12   The Plan is based on the assumption that each agency with a statutory responsibility
       has in place appropriate supporting operational procedures/plans which detail that
       agency's response arrangements in accordance with this Plan.

4.13   Combat Agency Commanders and Support Organisation Coordinators are
       responsible for the planning, command, coordination and conduct of emergency
       response and initial recovery operations undertaken by their respective agency.

4.14   The roles and responsibilities of participating agencies are detailed in Appendix 3

       The capability and commitment of each Local Government to undertake the tasks and
       meet the responsibilities identified in this State Plan should be confirmed by the Hazard
       Management Agency and detailed in the Local Hazard Emergency Plan and/or Local
       Emergency Management Arrangements. This will ensure the varying capabilities of
       individual Local Governments are recognised and agreed to by all parties.

Liaison Officers

4.15   Participating combat and support agencies are required to provide a Liaison Officer at
       the Police Air Crash Operations Centre at the appropriate levels of the coordination and
       control structure. This Liaison Officer must be of sufficient level and status to assist the
       respective Emergency Coordinator or Operations Manager with the decision making
       process.

4.16   Liaison Officers therefore require a thorough knowledge and understanding of their
       organisation's role and responsibilities, operational plans and procedures, resources,
       communication channels and contact details.

4.17   Where the Liaison Officer is unable to attend the Police Air Crash Operations Centre,
       arrangements need to be made to ensure communications between the Centre and the
       Officer are established.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 20 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

Public Information

4.18   The WAPOL as the HMA is responsible for the provision of media management and
       public information.

4.19   Participating organisations and support agencies should only release information which
       specifically relates to the functions of that organisation.

4.20   The WAPOL at all times retains the responsibility for the control of the release of
       information regarding victim identities.

Financial matters

4.21   Financial arrangements are in accordance with SEMC Policy Statement 13, that is,
       costs associated with the response shall be met by each individual agency, providing
       such costs are related to the provision of services and resources which form part of that
       agency’s function.

4.22   Where costs are incurred in delivering services or resources at the request of the
       WAPOL, which are not part of that agency’s core function and there are no prior
       agreements as to funding responsibilities, then such cost shall be met by the WAPOL.

4.23   Where an organisation’s resources are inadequate and external assistance need to be
       acquired, authorization from the Air Crash Operations Area Manager shall be obtained
       prior to incurring expenditure.

State Emergency Management Support Plans

4.24   This Plan may require the activation of all or some of the following State Emergency
       Management Support Plans:

  •      WESTPLAN - HEALTH
  •      WESTPLAN - WELFARE
  •      WESTPLAN - PUBLIC INFORMATION
  •      WESTPLAN - REGISTRATION & INQUIRY
  •      WESTPLAN - RECOVERY

Commonwealth Government Response Plan

4.25   In addition to the above State Plans, the Commonwealth Government Aviation Disaster
       Response Plan (CADVISPLAN) may require to be activated.

4.26   Suspected Terrorist Incident/Act – If an emergency is the result of a terrorist incident/act
       , or a suspected terrorist incident/act the National Counter Terrorist Plan (NCTP),
       handbook and associated Aviation Security Contingency arrangements are to be
       activated through the Police Forward Commander (PFC) and the Police Operations
       Centre (POC).




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 21 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                         PART 5
                          OPERATIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

General

5.01   The response to an aircraft crash shall be based on the principle of the graduated
       response, i.e. activation of local Air Crash Plans and deployment of resources first,
       followed by District and if necessary State support.

5.02   The activation procedures detailed herein relate to state level arrangements only.

Activation

5.03   This Plan will be activated when either:

          a) An aircraft crash has occurred and the Local and District response requirements
             have escalated to such an extent that State level support is required, or

          b) Advice is received that an aircraft crash has occurred or, is likely to occur
             and the magnitude of the emergency dictates the immediate requirement
             for State support.


Note: If the Crash occurs at a Licensed Airport, then the Airport Emergency Plan for that
location shall take precedence.

Advice and Notification

5.04   Advice that an aircraft emergency has, or is likely to occur will be received by, or
       directed to the Police Communications Centre. The Duty Inspector will advise the Duty
       Executive Officer who will assess the situation, activate this Plan and direct key
       personnel of participating agencies to be notified.

       The notification sequence is depicted in APPENDIX 1.

Stages of Activation

5.05   The Plan can be activated in stages, should the situation allow this. In many cases,
       however, an air crash emergency will be an impact event, in which case the stages will
       be condensed and activated concurrently.

5.06   A response and activation sequence is depicted in the chart at APPENDIX 2.

5.07   The action required for each stage of activation is detailed in Section 7: Operational
       Sequence Guide.

5.08   The four stages of activation used in this Plan are: Alert, Stand By, Call Out and Stand
       Down.

WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                 Page 22 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


5.09   The following actions take place during these stages:

       Alert:       Heads or Liaison Officers of participating combat agencies are
                         briefed on the situation. No further action is required.

       Stand By:    The situation has deteriorated and combat agencies may be
                    required to attend. Heads or Liaison Officers are updated and brief their
                    own personnel.

       Call Out:    A crash has occurred or is imminent and combat agencies are
                    requested to dispatch their personnel.

       Stand Down: Rescue actions have been completed and agencies are stood down.

Differences in terminology: Emergency status classification

5.10   AUSSAR and the WAPOL have adopted different classifications to indicate the various
       stages of mobilisation as described below.

       The Officer receiving the warning from AUSSAR shall apply the terminology used by the
       WAPOL and other emergency services.

                      AUSSAR                              Police and Emergency
                                                                 Services

Uncertainty Phase (INCERFA):                       ALERT
assigned any time doubt exists as to the safety of
an aircraft because of lack of information
concerning progress or position. The key word is
doubt.


Alert Phase (ALERFA)                                  STAND BY
assigned any time apprehension exists for the
safety of an aircraft because of definite information
that serious difficulties exist which does not amount
to distress, or because of a continued lack of
information concerning progress or position. The
key word is apprehension.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                Page 23 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN



                       AUSSAR                            Police and Emergency
                                                                Services

Distress Phase (DETRESFA)                          CALL OUT
declared when immediate assistance is required by
an aircraft threatened by grave or imminent danger
or because of a continued lack of information
concerning progress or position. The key words
are “grave or imminent danger” and “immediate
assistance required".


CRASH
self evident situation where an aircraft is seen to CALL OUT
crash or is about to crash


For use at airports:

Full Emergency
declared when it is known that an aircraft CALL OUT
approaching the airport is, or is suspected to be, in
such trouble that there is danger of an accident and
requiring the response from off-airport agencies.


Notification of Completion                           STAND DOWN


Activation at District and Local Level

5.11   The activation procedures, warning stages and sequence of actions contained in this
       document are to be applied at District and Local levels through the development of air
       crash emergency response procedures as discussed in Section 8.

Operational Facilities

5.12    Air Crash Operations Centres shall be established at each level of the
       operational management structure to facilitate the control and coordination of an air
       crash emergency.

5.13 The State Air Crash Operations Centre is located at the Police Operations Centre,
     Clayton Street, Midland.

5.14 Both the State Emergency Coordinator and the State Air Crash Operations Manager will
     be located at this facility.



WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                               Page 24 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

5.15   Members of the State Emergency Coordination Group will establish at a location
       dictated by the situation and location, determined in consultation with the State Air
       Crash Operations Manager.

5.16   At a District and Local level the Air Crash Operations Centres will be established at a
       location dictated by the situation and location of the crash site.

5.17   The Operations Area Management Group, when convened, will be located at the District
       Air Crash Operation Centre.

5.18   The Incident Manager, Local Emergency Coordinator, Combat Agency Commanders
       and Support Organisation Coordinators and Liaison Officers will be located at the
       Forward Air Crash Operations Centre located at or near the scene.

Debriefing

5.19   At an appropriate time after the conclusion of any operation requiring the activation of
       these arrangements, the State Air Crash Operations Manager will arrange a debriefing
       of all agencies involved in the activities.

Post Operations Report

5.20   Each organisation or agency involved in an air crash response shall, on request from
       the State Air Crash Operations Manager, provide a written report.

5.21   The State Air Crash Operations Manager shall arrange for a post operations report,
       based on such reports submitted by participating organisations, to be forwarded to the
       SEMC.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                 Page 25 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                          PART 6
                             REMOTE AREA OPERATIONS

General

6.01   Where an emergency occurs in a remote or isolated area, a Forward Support Base may
       need to be established to ensure that additional personnel, resources and facilities are
       available to support the operations. Such a base should be established close to the
       accident site and where possible should make use of existing facilities.

Forward Support Base

6.02   When established, the Forward Support Base shall be the entry and exit point to the
       emergency site. Depending on the location, magnitude and duration of the emergency,
       the Forward Support Base should ideally have or be able to accommodate the
       following:

  •       Base Headquarters with reliable communications capability and basic administration
          needs for both the Forward Support Base Commander and other agency
          Commanders/Coordinators to support the Hazard Management Agency;
  •       Casualty Holding area for those survivors with less severe injuries;
  •       Safe holding area for the provision of basic welfare needs for the non injured and
          "walking wounded" prior to transportation from the air crash locality;
  •       Accommodation, catering, sanitation and other welfare needs for the responding
          personnel;
  •       Assembly area large enough to accommodate the equipment, personnel and
          supplies prior to their deployment to the accident site;
  •       Media Information Centre;
  •       Temporary morgue facilities;
  •       Safe storage area for fuel, general stores and provisions, together with distribution
          capabilities; and
  •       Airfield or helipad.

Forward Support Base Commander

6.03   The Forward Support Base Commander is appointed by the District Air Crash
       Operations Manager. Responsibilities of the Support Base Commander include:

  •       overall management and control of the Forward Support Base;
  •       registration of victims and survivors, including details of their transport destination;
  •       maintaining close contact with the Air Crash Operations Manager and the Incident
          Manager;
  •       coordinating the supply of resources requested by the Incident Manager from the
          Base to the emergency site; and
  •       controlling the movement in and out of the emergency area



WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                   Page 26 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

Medical Response

6.04   On receipt of advice that an emergency resulting from an aircraft crash in a remote or
       isolated area of the State has occurred and mass casualties may be involved,
       WESTPLAN - HEALTH shall be activated at State level as a matter of urgency.

6.05   The first emergency service responder to the site shall undertake an initial assessment,
       and report the findings to the Incident Manager who will, in accordance with
       WESTPLAN - HEALTH, notify the State Health Coordinator

Transport - Medical

6.06   The initial transport of medical resources and personnel will be coordinated at local and
       district level where possible. Transport requirements over and above what is available
       locally may be obtained through the State Health Coordinator who shall contact the
       State Air Crash Operations Manager for further resources.

Transport - General

6.07   Transport requirements for the evacuation of injured and non injured survivors from the
       emergency site and the transportation of emergency services responders, requires
       close liaison between the Health Coordinator, Welfare Coordinator, State and District
       Air Crash Operations Area Managers and may involve the use of aircraft from the Police
       Air Support Unit, RFDS, Military, Airline, Charter Companies or other, both land and
       aviation, resources as available or required.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                 Page 27 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                          PART 7
                         OPERATIONAL SEQUENCE GUIDE.


Situation                    Serial Organisation/ Action


ALERT                        1.1    POLICE HEADQUARTERS

On receipt of advice that                a. The        Police      Operations        Centre
doubt exist as to the                       Communications Controller (POCCC) alerts
safety of an aircraft                       the Police District and Local Police Officer.
                                         b. The POCCC briefs participating agencies on
                                            the situation as required.

                                    OTHERS
                             1.2
                                         a. Police District/Local Officer briefs local
                                            Liaison Officers of participating Combat
                                            agencies.

                                             No further action required.



STAND BY                     2.1    POLICE HEADQUARTERS

On receipt of advice that           a.   District and Local Police Officers are
apprehension exists for                  advised.
the safety of an aircraft.          b.   Police Air Crash Operations Centre is
                                         prepared for staffing.
                                    c.   Agencies are placed on standby by the POCCC
                                         as required.

                             2.2    OTHERS

                                    a.   Participating Combat Agencies place own
                                         personnel on stand-by.
                                    b.   Police District/Local Officer activates district
                                         or local procedures.
                                    c.   Police District Air Crash Operations Centre is
                                         prepared for staffing.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                    Page 28 of 39
       STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


CALL OUT                   3.1   POLICE HEADQUARTERS

Advice received that an          a.   POCCC advises the Executive Officer.
aircraft has crashed and         b.   Executive Officer assesses the situation and
State Level support is                requests appropriate Agencies and Liaison
requested.                            Officers to proceed to the Police Air Crash
                                      Operations Centre.
                                 c.   The State Air Crash Operations Centre is
                                      activated.
                                 d.   Police District Officer is advised.
                                 e.   Executive Officer advises the Commissioner
                                      and Deputy Commissioner who assumes the
                                      role of State Air Crash Operations Manager.
                                 f.   The State Air Crash Operations Manager
                                      monitors the adequacy of the resources
                                      required to cope with the incident.
                                 g.   State Support Plans are activated as required.

                           3.2   OTHERS

                                 a.   Participating organisations call-out and
                                      dispatch Combat Units to the crash site.
                                 b.   Liaison Officers of participating organisations
                                      proceed to the Police Air Crash Operations
                                      Centre when requested.
                                 c.   Supporting Plans are activated
                                 d.   Rescue operations and activities are
                                      controlled and coordinated in accordance
                                      with District and Local Emergency Plans
                                      and Combat Agency's SOP's.


STAND DOWN                 4.1   POLICE HEADQUARTERS

On completion of rescue          a.    Participating agencies are informed by
activities                             the State Air Crash Operations Manager.
                                 b.    Activities associated with security,
                                       investigation and public information
                                       continue.

                                 OTHERS
                           4.2
                                 a.       Organisations are stood down in
                                          accordance with relevant procedures
                                          for each organisation.
                                 b.       Activities in accordance with associated
                                          plans (e.g. Welfare) continue.



WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                             Page 29 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                          PART 8
                               LOCAL AIR CRASH PLANS

General

8.01   The previous parts of this document detail the response arrangements for an air crash
       where Local and District resources are insufficient to cope with the emergency, and
       where State resources and assistance are required.

       Fortunately, an air crash is a rare occurrence and often of a scale that can be handled
       by local Police and emergency services.

Planning for an Air Crash

8.02   It is therefore vital that the local Police Service, assisted by the Local Emergency
       Management Committee (LEMC), prepares an Air Crash Plan to respond to such an
       emergency within their area of responsibility.

       Two examples of an aircraft emergency plan, namely:

       1      “Air Crash Plan”
       2.     “Airport Emergency Plan (AEP)”

       are available for downloading by Police Officers on the Police Intranet site under: Traffic
       & Operations Support/Emergency Operations/Downloads for the use of the LEMC if
       required.

8.03   The "Air Crash Plan" has been prepared to meet the requirements for an air crash at:

              - unattended airport, or
              - within a district.

       The "Airport Emergency Plan" (AEP) has been prepared to meet specific needs at
       certain airports.

       Some towns have an airport with permanent tenants such as an Air Charter Company
       or Flying School with regular flying operations. Often these airports are maintained by
       the Shire and inspected or attended to each day. Because of the higher number of
       aircraft movements, combined with the available airport facilities and personnel, this
       Airport Emergency Plan detailing the role and responsibilities of all personnel involved
       has been developed.

8.04 This "Airport Emergency Plan” is to be activated when a crash occurs at such an airport.

8.05   Where an "Airport Emergency Plan" plan has been prepared, an "Air Crash Plan" will
       still be required to cover an air crash away from the airport.



WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                   Page 30 of 39
        STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

8.06   Both example plans contain Standard Operating Procedures (SOP's) for local
       emergency services. These procedures will need to be agreed to by all agencies
       involved and may need amending according to the resources available at each location.

8.07   Where further resources are available but not mentioned in these plans, such as those
       from industry or government instrumentalities capable and willing to assist, their SOP’s
       need to be prepared and included in Section 5 of the plan.

8.08   The capability and the commitment of each Local Government to undertake the tasks
       and meet the responsibilities identified in this State Plan should be confirmed by the
       Hazard Management Agency and detailed in the Local Hazard Emergency Plan and/or
       Local Emergency Management Arrangements. This will ensure the varying capabilities
       of individual Local Governments are recognised and agreed to by all parties.

8.09   At locations where there is a licensed airport, the airport operator will have an Airport
       Emergency Plan prepared as part of the licensing requirements.

8.10   The Airport Emergency Plans for these airports will (or should) have been developed
       taking into account additional emergencies such as Building Fires, Hazardous Materials
       and where required under airport licensing arrangements, Unlawful Seizure and Bomb
       Threat.

8.11   The format of the plans for licensed airports is similar to the Airport Emergency Plan.
       Where it is necessary to review or update an existing plan, the example may be used as
       a guide.

8.12   Licensed airports within Western Australia are:

       Albany                    Argyle                    Balgo Hill
       Barrow Island             Broome                    Carnarvon
       Cue                       Derby/Curtin              Esperance
       Fitzroy Crossing          Geraldton                 Halls Creek
       Jandakot                  Kalgoorlie                Kalumburu
       Karratha                  Kununurra                 Laverton
       Learmonth                 Leinster                  Leonora
       Meekatharra               Mount Magnet              Newman
       Onslow                    Paraburdoo                Perth
       Port Hedland              Rottnest Island           Shark Bay
       Telfer                    Wiluna                    Wyndham




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                 Page 31 of 39
       STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                                                                                          APPENDIX 1
                                        NOTIFICATION CHART



                                    Advice of Aircraft Crash




                                                                      District or Local
              AUSSAR                                                   Police Officer




                         Police Communications Centre


                                                                         for military aircraft crash advise:


                                                                                          SAR Officer Pearce
                                                                                                     or
                                                                                     Directorate of Flying Safety-
                                                                                      Australian Defence Force


                             Police Executive Officer                                      for civil aircraft:

                  Executive Officer assesses the situation and if                                  ATSB
                  activation of this Plan is requested or required,
                  notifies as the situation dictates:


                                     Commissioner of Police


                                      Deputy Commissioner


                                    State Health Coordinator


                                    State Welfare Coordinator


                               Dept. of Transport Liaison officer

                          Airline Representative or Secretary Airlines
                                     Operating Committee


                          Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB)




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                                            Page 32 of 39
          STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                                                                                 APPENDIX 2
                          AIR CRASH RESPONSE AND ACTIVATION FLOW CHART


                             Advice of Aircraft Crash


                                                                          Emergency Services
                  Police Communications Centre or Local Police Officer        to attend                  End


          liaise with
  Airservices Australia           Assistance Required?          NO         End


                                                  YES

                                District Police Officer                   Police
                                                                          Fire & Rescue Service
                                                                          Health -District Coordinator
                                                                              - Ambulance Service
                                                                              - RFDS
                                Can District Emergency                        - Hospital
                                    Services cope?                YES
                                                                          Welfare- Local Coordinator
                                                                          State Emergency Service
                                                  NO                      Local Government
                                                                          Airline
                                 Police Operations Centre
                                       Coordinator




                                     Executive Officer




                                      State Air Crash
                                    Operations Manager                    State Health Coordinator
                                                                          State Welfare Coordinator
                                                                          AUSSAR
                                                                          Police Media Liaison Officer
                                                                          Airline Liaison Officer
                                    Can State Services                    ATSB
                                          cope?                     YES
                                                                          Others including NCTP
                                                                          activation as required
                                                    NO

                              State Emergency Coordinator




                                     Commonwealth
                                       Assistance




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                                     Page 33 of 39
           STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


                                                                            APPENDIX 3

                           SCHEMATIC CRASH SITE LAYOUT




                                                                                      Wind Direction




Combat Area
                                                                                   to Welfare Centre
Control Area
                                                                Victims                    to Hospital

                                                                         Triage and
                               Forward Control Centre
                                                                      Casualty Clearing
                                   Police Incident Manager,
                                                                            Area
                              Liaison Officers and Commanders




                             Liaison Officers:                    Command Posts
                     ATSB
                     Airline
                     Fire and Rescue Service                          Police
                     Medical/Ambulance Service
                     SES
                     Police Media                                     Fire and
                     others as required                               Rescue

                                                                          SES




                                     ASSEMBLY AREA




   WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                        Page 34 of 39
       STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

                                                                                       APPENDIX 4
RESPONSIBILITIES OF PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS
Organisation                              Responsibilities

WESTERN         •     Establish and operate the Police Air Crash Operations Centre.
AUSTRALIA
POLICE          •     Advise all departments, agencies and organisations involved in the
                      response to an emergency.

                •     Establish the operational structure, including the appointment of Air
                      Crash Operations Managers at State and District levels and the
                      Incident Manager.

                •     Establish a Field Control Centre, and a Control and Combat area in
                      consultation with the Combat agency.

                •     Exercise control over the emergency site and immediate area in order
                      to provide an environment in which responding emergency services
                      can operate.

                •     Coordinate the activities of all responding services and agencies.

                •     Forward a copy of the passenger and cargo manifest received from the
                      Airline Company to the Air Crash Operations Manager and the Welfare
                      Liaison Officer.

                •     Ensure that responding services and agencies receive required
                      resources and that their operational needs are met.

                •     Establish an information centre, issue media releases and provide
                      media liaison.

                •     Preserve the scene as far as possible to prevent the loss of evidence in
                      order to assist the subsequent investigation of any crime or technical or
                      human failure.



AIRLINE         •     Provide a Liaison Officer to the State and District Air Crash Operations
COMPANY               Manager and the Forward Controller.

                •     Provide a passenger and cargo manifest to Coordinators and
                      Controller.

                •     Assist the Welfare Coordinator with the provision of welfare for the
                      survivors, family and relatives of passengers involved in the crash.

                •     Provide transport for, accommodate and take care of uninjured
                      passenger on request from the Welfare Coordinator.

                •     Provide support to friends and relatives of passengers involved in the
                      crash including transport, accommodation and assistance with
                      reunification.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                        Page 35 of 39
         STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN


AUSSAR           •     Provide immediate advice to the WAPOL when an emergency is
                       observed or has occurred.

                 •     Arrange for the transfer of overall coordination responsibility to WAPOL
                       for the rescue operation, once AusSAR have located the crash site.
                       Transfer will only take place when WAPOL have arrived on the ground
                       at the crash site and appropriate communications are established.

                 •     Provide information on the location of the emergency site, the
                       estimated number of persons on board, the nature of any dangerous
                       cargo and the action taken to provide assistance.

                 •     Provide air transport for the first responders to the emergency site if
                       required.

                 •     Assist with the provision of air transport for emergency responders,
                       survivors and casualties


FIRE AND         Fire and Rescue Service
EMERGENCY
SERVICES         •   Provide liaison officers to the HMA as required.
AUTHORITY        •   Establish forward control point and define combat zones.
                 •   Provide Hazmat response, chemical detection capability and specialist
                     advice on issues relating to hazardous materials including chemicals,
                     airborne contaminants and decontamination requirements.
                 •   Provide fire fighting suppression response capabilities.
                 •   Provide rescue response and advice on issues relating to rescue.
                 •   Inform the Incident Manager when the combat zones are safe.

                 State Emergency Service

                 •   Provide human and physical resources.
                 •   Assist with the extrication of trapped victims
                 •   Provide communications for remote area operations.
                 •   Provide a Liaison Officer to the Police Emergency Coordination Centre.

                 Bush Fire Service

                 •   Provide liaison officers to the HMA as required.
                 •   Establish forward control point and define combat zones.
                 •   Provide rescue and fire fighting response.
                 •   Advise the Forward Incident Manager when the combat zone is safe.



DEPARTMENT       •   Provide and operate Welfare Centres near the emergency site and at
FOR                  other locations where required.
COMMUNITY        •   Provide services, which ensure that victims of an air crash receive
DEVELOPMENT          personal support to cope with the affects of the emergency.
                 •   Arrange for a State Central Registry and Inquiry Centre to be established.
                 •   Provide a Liaison Officer to the Police Emergency Coordination Centre.
                 •   Provide personal support to families and relatives of passengers involved
                     in the crash.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                        Page 36 of 39
       STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN



DEPARTMENT       •       Coordinate the provision of acute medical response to the emergency
OF HEALTH                site.
                 •       Coordinate the transport of medical staff/teams to the emergency site.
                 •       Coordinate the triage of injured persons at the emergency site.
                 •       Coordinate the medical evacuation of severely injured persons to major
                         medical centres in rural areas or the Perth Metropolitan Area as
                         appropriate.
                 •       Coordinate the public health response to minimise ongoing
                         environmental and public health risks.
                 •       Assist welfare agencies in crisis counseling and critical stress
                         management

               Specific Health Agency Functions

                      Hospitals

                      Within the limits of their individual range of services and capabilities;

                         •        Provide medical staff and nursing personnel to attend the
                                  emergency site.
                         •        Provide acute medical care and triage of injured persons.
                         •        Provide medical, nursing and medical support staff and
                                  services at receiving hospitals and/or supplement rural based
                                  hospital staffing levels and capabilities.

                      St. John Ambulance Australia, W.A. Ambulance Service Inc.

                         •        As part of the call out procedure, notify hospitals and the
                                  Health Department of the incident;
                         •        Provide and coordinate road ambulance responses to
                                  emergencies;
                         •        In conjunction with the Field Medical Coordinator manage the
                                  emergency site;
                         •        Provide primary triage and treatment at the emergency site;
                         •        Transport medical and nursing personnel to the emergency
                                  site; and
                         •        Manage and transport casualties

                      Royal Flying Doctor Service

                         •        Provide and coordinate air ambulance responses to
                                  emergencies;
                         •        In conjunction with the Field Medical Coordinator manage the
                                  emergency site;
                         •        Provide primary triage and treatment at the emergency site;
                         •        Provide and/or transport medical and nursing personnel to the
                                  emergency site; and
                         •        Manage and transport casualties.

                      Australian Red Cross Blood Service

                         •        Provide blood and blood products; and
                         •        Provide specialist consultation on transfusion medicine.




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                              Page 37 of 39
       STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN



                     Public Health/Environmental Health Officers

                             These services may be provided by Health Department of W.A.
                             Officers or by Environmental Health Officers from Local
                             Government.
                        •       Advise, and monitor the collection, collation, interpretation of
                                and to provide information on public/ environmental health
                                 issues so as to minimise the risk of infection, disease outbreak,
                                 or public health risk associated with hazardous materials and
                                 toxic emissions.
                        •       More specifically, to give direction in the following areas:
                                      sanitation and refuse
                                      food and water safety
                                      vector and vermin control
                                      Toxic emissions
                                      Radio active materials

SECRETARY,
AIRLINE          •   Provide contact details of the liaison officer of the Airline involved in the
OPERATORS            accident to the Police Operations Center Coordinator
COMMITTEE




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                          Page 38 of 39
         STATE AIR CRASH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN

                                                                                        APPENDIX 5
                          KEY PERSONNEL CONTACT DETAILS
Organisation             Contact                    Location   Contact details

  Airlines Operators           Secretary            Perth      9450 4602
       Committee              Mr. P Cooney
                                                               0409 080 917

      AUSSAR               Search and Rescue        Canberra   1800 815 257
                            Officer (SARMC)

 Australian Transport          Investigator         Perth      1800 011 034
   Safety Bureau

 Directorate of Flying         Investigator         Canberra   0410 626 357
    Safety – ADF

 Dept for Community        Emergency Service        Perth      9277 0366 (W) 0418 943 835 or
   Development               Coordinator                       Crisis Care Unit 1800 199 008

Dept of Health              Executive Officer       Perth      9222 2282 (W) 0428 956 077
                         Emergency Management

 Fire and Emergency          Operations Centre      Perth      9323 9496, 1800 198140
   Service Authority      Duty Officer. For SES,
                         Fire & Rescue, Bush Fire

    Emergency              National Emergency       Canberra   02 6257 6031 (24 hrs)
Management Australia          Management
                           Coordination Centre                 02 6257 1490 Facsimile

        RAAF               Search And Rescue        Pearce     9571 7111 (pager: Pearce SARO)
                                 Officer

        RAAF                HQ Air Command          Sydney     02 4737 7111

        Navy                  Maritime HQ           Sydney     02 9359 4100

  State Emergency           Duty Officer FESA       Perth      9323 9496, 1800 198140
       Service              Operations Centre

  Western Australia      Police Operations Centre   Perth      9374 4025
       Police                   Coordinator




WESTPLAN – AIR CRASH (AL3 – September 2005)                                       Page 39 of 39

								
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